Which side to go on the bike

Which side of the road should the cyclist take??

I think each of us will say with confidence that we have a right-hand drive in Russia. And to the question “Which side of the road should the bicycle (car / bus / motorcycle) travel on?” everyone will answer: “On the right side of the road”.

over, now schools provide the basics of traffic rules for pedestrians and cyclists. And a cyclist who decides to go to the roadway is simply obliged to study the traffic rules concerning him. Fortunately, there are few of them.

And yet, every summer I run into careless cyclists riding the edge of the right lane in the opposite direction. And I usually come across such irresponsible citizens, being myself on horseback.

Is it possible for cyclists to ride on the roads and what are they fined for?

According to clause 1.2 of the current traffic rules, a cyclist is a person driving a bicycle.

A bicycle, in turn, is considered to be “a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, as a rule, by the muscular energy of the persons on this vehicle, in particular by means of pedals or handles, and may also have an electric motor with a rated maximum power in continuous load mode not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically shutting down at a speed of more than 25 km / h “.

It should be noted separately that according to the rules, pedestrians are considered persons “using roller skates, scooters and other similar means for movement”. that is, a vehicle with a wheel drive (or wheels) is considered a bicycle. In addition, if a person does not ride a bicycle, but leads him next to him, then he is also considered a pedestrian, and not a cyclist.

Another note concerns the classification of a bicycle as a vehicle: a bicycle itself is a vehicle, but it is not a power-driven vehicle, since the latter is understood as a “vehicle driven by an engine”. This is important in terms of rules and penalties for cyclists.

Is it possible for cyclists to travel on roads?

The answer to the key question that worries many is yes. The traffic rules have a separate section 24 containing “Additional requirements for the movement of cyclists and moped drivers.” Clause 24.

2 of this section allows the movement of cyclists on the right edge of the carriageway.

This, however, is allowed in the event that “there are no cycle and cycle paths, a lane for cyclists, or it is not possible to move along them”.

over, when driving on a motor road, the cyclist uses the standard priority rules, and the car driving on the secondary road must give way to the cyclist driving on the main road. And also point 24.

5 allows “the movement of a column of cyclists in two rows if the overall width of the bicycles does not exceed 0.75 m”.

The only condition is that “the column of cyclists should be divided into groups of 10 cyclists in the case of single-lane traffic, or into groups of 10 pairs in the case of two-lane traffic”, and “to facilitate overtaking, the distance between the groups should be 80-100 m.”.

Under normal conditions, according to clause 24.1, “cyclists over the age of 14 must move along cycle paths, cycle paths or a lane for cyclists”. And one more thing: cyclists under the age of 14 are prohibited from driving on the road and the side of the road.

The list of additional bans for bicycle drivers is regulated by clause 24.8 of the current traffic rules, and besides it, there are other points in traffic rules that mention restrictions on the movement of cyclists. Here we will highlight the main prohibitions concerning their movement on roads.

For starters, cyclists are concerned with point 2.

7, which stipulates a ban on driving a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs, as well as talking on a mobile phone without using “hands-free” devices.

The only caveat here is that the fines provided for violating the rules by cyclists are significantly lower than those for motorists. this will be discussed below.

Clause 16.1 prohibits the movement of cyclists on highways, as well as on roads marked with sign 5.3. “Road for cars”.

Well, the notorious clause 24.8 prohibits cyclists “to turn left or to turn around on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in this direction”, as well as “cross the road at pedestrian crossings”.

Thus, in order to turn left, a cyclist will either have to do it “in two passes”, crossing the road to which you need to turn, and then, stopping, go to it at the next permitting traffic light, or dismount and cross the current road at a pedestrian crossing.

In addition, it is worth remembering that cyclists also have their own prohibiting sign 3.9 “Bicycles are prohibited”, which is supplemented by the standard “bricks” (3.1) and “No traffic” (3.2).

What are the penalties for cyclists?

Violations by cyclists of the rules and prohibitions indicated above, as well as other rules not related to road traffic and not listed here, are regulated by parts 2 and 3 of article 12.29 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation.

According to part 2, violation of traffic rules by a cyclist “entails the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of eight hundred rubles”.

If the bicycle driver was drunk at the time of the violation, then he will be fined “in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.”.

As you can see, the punishment for drunk driving here is much less severe than in the case of motorists, but it, however, was significantly toughened in 2013: before that, a violation could get off with a “warning or imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of two hundred rubles,” and a drunk the cyclist was punished with a fine “from three hundred to five hundred rubles”.

Duty

The attendants are distributed evenly throughout the column. They oversee the discipline of all cyclists. They control the observance of the traffic rules and the number of rows, do not allow cyclists to leave the column. They pay special attention to the intersection of intersections. The attendants report all problems and incidents to the presenter by radio.

What rules a cyclist should know

Despite the fact that the bicycle is not driven by horses, but by human forces, it is still a vehicle, and all relevant traffic rules apply to it (everything that concerns non-mechanical vehicles). Therefore, cyclists, like all other road users (motorists, motorcyclists, horse-drawn transport drivers and pedestrians), must know, adhere to and comply with all traffic rules.

In order to ride safely, a cyclist must, first of all, carefully monitor the complete serviceability of his vehicle. a bicycle, in addition to all the most important parts, such as serviceable brakes, steering wheel, etc., must also be equipped with other very important when driving on the road. details.

These include reflectors (front, back and sides), lights that work in the dark, and a working bell (or something else that can give a sound signal).

The cyclist must make sure to highlight his vehicle on the roadway: both the bicycle and the cyclist must be clearly visible from the side to all other road users.

In this case, the cyclist must comply with all the rules required from road users, and, in particular, vehicles.

These include compliance with the speed limit on the roads (for the most part, the recommendation is not to drive too slowly for cyclists), maintaining the optimal lateral spacing and distance relative to other vehicles, observing the instructions of road signs and road markings.

For a bicycle driver, priority signs, signs of special instructions (informing about one-way traffic, the movement of route vehicles, signs indicating the direction of movement, and so on), signs of prohibition of entry and turns will be most relevant. The cyclist must also know and observe all other signs.

The same applies to road markings. when riding a bicycle, just like on other vehicles, you cannot cross a continuous line, parking is prohibited in places marked in yellow, pedestrians should be allowed on the “zebra”.

In addition, the cyclist must know how to move correctly in a group, and most importantly, be very careful on the road and have a good reaction.

Fundamental rules

When making maneuvers on a bicycle, the child must correctly assess the situation and avoid obstacles in a timely manner. Parents need to train their child to develop the skill of viewing the terrain and controlling the bike at the same time.

For safety reasons, the following rules must be observed:

You Can Ride a Bike | CoComelon Nursery Rhymes & Kids Songs

  • it is not recommended to listen to music through headphones while driving;
  • you cannot accelerate in crowded places;
  • it is necessary to give sound signals with a bell to warn pedestrians about the maneuver;
  • you need to go around pits, cracks, puddles, glass and stones;
  • you cannot move off the sidewalks into the carriageway;
  • you must not let go of the steering wheel while driving;
  • do not turn your attention to extraneous things, you need to focus on controlling the bike.

Parents need to instill in their children the habit of looking after their personal transport, inspect it every time before the trip and teach them how to repair minor damage.

Basic road signs for cyclists:

This sign indicates a cycle path. If the lane of asphalt along the road is not marked with this sign, then this is just a shoulder, on which cyclists are allowed to move, or this is a sidewalk on which cyclists are prohibited.

READ  Where can I change the camera on my bike

Bicycles are prohibited under this sign.

Traffic rules for a cyclist: how to ride a bike according to the rules

Traffic rules for a cyclist (changes in traffic rules in 2018.here).

and more residents of big cities are beginning to realize that a bicycle is convenient, environmentally friendly, fun and fashionable. But in the city, a cyclist can cause a lot of problems if he does not follow the basic rules. A cyclist is a participant in the movement and a driver of a vehicle! Don’t forget about it.

CityFan Introduces Some Simple But Mandatory Road Rules For Cyclists.

which, side, bike
  • If a person rides a bicycle, then he is considered the driver of the vehicle, and if he drives it, then he is a pedestrian. He is obliged to comply with the rules of the road in either case.
  • The bike must have serviceable brakes, a steering wheel and a sound signal, be equipped in front with a reflector and a lamp or headlamp (for driving in the dark and in conditions of insufficient visibility) in white, at the back. with a reflector or red lamp, and on each side. with a reflector orange or red. (SDA 2.3.1)
  • It is forbidden to drive without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand, to carry passengers under the age of 7 years, as well as goods more than half a meter in length or width (SDA 24.3)
  • Like other drivers, it is forbidden to drive a vehicle in a state of intoxication, under the influence of drugs that impair reaction and attention, while in a sick or tired state. (SDA 2.7)
  • It is forbidden to use a telephone while driving that is not equipped with a technical device that allows hands-free negotiations. (SDA 2.7)
  • Bicycles must move in the rightmost lane in a single lane in the opposite direction of power-driven vehicles (modified). The recommendation is due to the fact that in this case both drivers can see each other and can coordinate their actions in order to avoid a collision.

UPD: The point is ambiguous. According to the rules of the road (SDA 4.1), persons moving in wheelchairs without an engine, driving a motorcycle, moped, bicycle, must follow the direction of the vehicle.

  • When driving through intersections, the usual priority rules apply. A car driving on a secondary road must give way to a bicycle driving in a main lane. (SDA 13.9—13.10)
  • Cyclists are not allowed to cross the pedestrian crossing or turn around on it. In this case, you need to get off the bike and cross the road like a pedestrian. If in doubt about the correctness of their actions on the road, police officers recommend getting off the sidewalk and following the pedestrian rules. (SDA 14.1, 8.11)
  • When driving around cars in which people are sitting, it must be borne in mind that they can suddenly open the doors to get out, and this is fraught with an accident.
  • At the turn, you need to raise an arm, bent at the elbow, or extended. If you turn left. raise your right arm, bent at the elbow, or extended left, if to the right. bent left, or extended right. Stop. hand raised up (any). (SDA 8.1-8.2) (see picture)

Both participants warn about turning right.

For traffic violations, liability is provided in accordance with the administrative code (fines from 200 to 500 rubles, depending on the violation). Parents will be responsible for the juvenile offender.

Cyclists are also advised to wear brightly colored clothing to be visible on the road.

There are also questions about the non-recognition of cyclists by motorists. Here, all road users can only wish mutual respect, attention and patience on the road. Happy, safe and eventful cycling season!

For the information we are grateful to Elena Lobanchikova, employee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation “Ust-Ilimskiy” and traffic rules of the Russian Federation.

Which side of the road should a cyclist ride on according to traffic rules in 2018

This article will look at traffic rules for cyclists. Every year the number of cyclists in our country is increasing, this means of transportation is becoming more and more popular, although Russia is still far from Asian countries.

Any driver of a vehicle is obliged to comply with all rules of conduct on the road. And the cyclist is no exception. He is exactly the same road user as motorists.

A citizen driving a bicycle drives a vehicle, thus, he is entrusted with most of the rights and obligations similar to the rights and obligations of car drivers, and the cyclist is obliged to ride in the direction of traffic (in the same direction). If he carries a bicycle next to him, he becomes a pedestrian and when driving on the carriageway must move in the opposite direction of traffic.

Basic Provisions

Cycling is the same organized process as automobile. The current traffic rules apply to all, without exception, participants. car drivers, motorcyclists, pedestrians, truck drivers.

The cyclist is obliged to observe traffic signs:

  • determination of priority;
  • special signs regulating traffic with a dedicated lane for route means, one-way direction, etc.;
  • direction signs for participants;
  • prohibition signs for performing various turning maneuvers, entry.

The list includes all the signs that are installed on the road to regulate the movement of participants, as well as road markings that prohibit crossing solid ones, staying in areas marked in yellow, requiring a pedestrian to pass at the crossing.

IMPORTANT! While driving, the driver must show maximum attention to the environment and be ready to respond quickly, taking into account what is happening on the road.

How to ride a bike on the road

How to move correctly

At the same time, if a cyclist interferes with the movement of other persons when driving in places intended for pedestrians, he must become a pedestrian.

When cyclists move from the right side of the road, the risk of an accident increases and the cyclist must clearly understand how he should move, therefore, in this case, certain requirements are also put forward, namely:

  • Allowed to move in one row
  • An organized column of cyclists is allowed to move in two parallel rows, if the total width of the column is not more than 75 centimeters
  • A maximum of 10 cyclists are allowed to move in each row of the column.
  • The distance between the columns is not less than 80-100 meters
  • The width of the bike together with the load should not be more than 100 centimeters

It should be emphasized that pedestrian crossings are intended only for pedestrians and motorists have an advantage on them over cyclists moving along them.

Light and sound signals

  • observe all traffic signals
  • observe the so-called “right hand” rule
  • use lighting devices (special headlights, lanterns) in the dark. Thus, movement at night with only reflectors is prohibited.
  • use a sound signal when moving through areas with limited visibility due to existing interference or low light (tunnel) Installation of a special bell is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended.

When making any maneuvering on the road, the cyclist must be given appropriate signals. Here he is no different from the driver of the car. Cyclist signals on the road must be understandable to other road users. Signals should be given by hand:

  • When stopping, you must raise your hand up
  • Turning to the left or turning around. indicate the direction by extending the left hand
  • Turning to the right. the signal is similarly made only with the right hand

In the event of road traffic accidents, the cyclist is prohibited from:

  • Leave the scene
  • Change location move bike

You should also know. the cyclist is subject to fines in the amount of 1000-1500 rubles for the corresponding violations of traffic rules.

Age groups

Let’s find out from what age you can become a full-fledged cyclist. Traffic rules for cyclists are differentiated depending on age. By age, cyclists are divided into 3 groups, 2 groups of children and 1 group of adults:

  • Age category up to 6 years old inclusive.
  • Age category under 15 years old, but over 6 years old.
  • Adults (from 15 years old).

General prohibitions

Other prohibitions for cyclists:

  • Hands-free steering
  • Bring children 6 years old and younger with you without the availability of special places equipped on the bike
  • Carriage of passengers without the presence of special places equipped on a bicycle
  • Transportation of oversized cargo (protruding more than 50 centimeters beyond the dimensions of the bike)
  • Carrying cargo that interferes with management
  • It is forbidden to tow a defective bicycle or tow it by the bicycle itself.
  • It is forbidden to move towards the traffic flow
  • Traveling on the highway without a special helmet on your head
  • Using a mobile phone without using a headset
  • Driving on motorways (marked with an appropriate sign)
  • Drive your vehicle while intoxicated or hand it over to a person in such a state

Is it okay to ride a bike on the sidewalks

According to the traffic rules of the Russian Federation, you can ride a bike on the sidewalk, but only if the following conditions are met:

For cyclists over 14 years old

  • No cycle paths, no cycle paths, no cyclist lane.
  • There is no way to drive on the far right lane of the road or shoulder.
  • The cyclist accompanies the cyclist under the age of 14.
  • The cyclist carries a child under the age of 7.

For cyclists from 7 to 14 years old

You can only ride on sidewalks, walking, cycling and cycling paths, as well as within pedestrian areas.

For cyclists under 7 years old

You can only ride on sidewalks, pedestrian and bike paths (on the pedestrian side), and within pedestrian areas.

READ  How to fasten a bike chain lock

Let’s analyze in more detail

First, let’s start with basic definitions from RF traffic rules.

“Bicycle”. a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, as a rule, by the muscular energy of the persons on this vehicle, in particular by means of pedals or handles, and may also have an electric motor with a rated maximum power in continuous load mode, not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically disconnected at a speed of more than 25 km / h.

(as amended by Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation of 22.03.2014 N 221)

A bicycle, according to traffic rules, is a vehicle, which means that all the same rules apply for a bicycle as for a car.

“Cyclist”. a person who drives a bicycle.

(the paragraph was introduced by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 03.22.2014 N 221)

“Pedestrian”. a person who is outside a vehicle on the road or on a pedestrian or bicycle path and does not work for them. Persons moving in wheelchairs, driving a bicycle, moped, motorcycle, carrying a sled, trolley, baby or wheelchair, as well as using roller skates, scooters and other similar means for movement are equated with pedestrians.

(as amended by Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation of 03/22/2014 N 221, of 11/24/2018 N 1414)

Simply put, if you walk next to a bike (for example, roll it). you are a pedestrian and you can move on the sidewalk. And if you ride a bike on horseback, you are a full-fledged participant in the road traffic, and you are forbidden to ride on the sidewalk if there is no bike path nearby, or you cannot drive along the right-hand lane of the road, or the side of the road.

“Sidewalk”. an element of the road intended for the movement of pedestrians and adjacent to the carriageway or cycle path or separated from them by a lawn.

(as amended by Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation of 22.03.2014 N 221)

Those. the sidewalk is intended for the movement of pedestrians.

“Cycle path”. structurally separated from the carriageway and sidewalk element of the road (or a separate road), intended for the movement of cyclists and marked with sign 4.4.1.

which, side, bike

(the paragraph was introduced by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 03.22.2014 N 221)

“Cycle zone”. an area intended for the movement of cyclists, the beginning and end of which are marked respectively by signs 5.33.1 and 5.34.1.

Cycling paths and cycling zones, you can safely move around by bike.

“Shoulder”. an element of the road adjoining directly to the carriageway at the same level with it, differing in the type of coverage or highlighted by marking 1.2, used for movement, stopping and parking in accordance with the Rules.

(the paragraph was introduced by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 14, 2005 N 767; as amended by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of June 28, 2017 N 761)

“Road”. a strip of land or the surface of an artificial structure, equipped or adapted and used for the movement of vehicles. The road includes one or more carriageways, as well as tram lines, sidewalks, shoulders and dividing lanes, if any.

On the road, you can move on vehicles, and therefore on a bicycle. But you need to stick to the far right lane.

Penalties

Administrative Code of the Russian Federation Article 12.29. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other person participating in the process of traffic

Violation of the Road Traffic Rules by a person driving a bicycle, or by a driver or other person directly participating in the process of road traffic (except for the persons specified in Part 1 of this Article, as well as the driver of a vehicle).

(as amended by Federal Laws of 24.07.2007 N 210-FZ, of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)

shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of eight hundred rubles.

(as amended by Federal Laws of 22.06.2007 N 116-FZ, of 07.05.2009 N 86-FZ, of 23.07.2013 N 196-FZ)

Violation of the Traffic Rules by persons specified in Part 2 of this Article, committed in a state of intoxication.

shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.

(as amended by Federal Laws of 22.06.2007 N 116-FZ, of 24.07.2007 N 210-FZ, of 23.07.2013 N 196-FZ)

Administrative Code of the Russian Federation Article 12.30. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other road user, resulting in interference with the movement of vehicles or causing minor or moderate harm to the health of the victim.

Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or any other road user (except for a driver of a vehicle), which has caused interference in the movement of vehicles.

shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand rubles.

(as amended by Federal Laws of 22.06.2007 N 116-FZ, of 24.07.2007 N 210-FZ, of 23.07.2013 N 196-FZ)

Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or any other road user (except for a driver of a vehicle), entailing, by negligence, the infliction of slight or moderate harm to the health of the victim.

(as amended by Federal Law of 24.07.2007 N 210-FZ)

shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.

(as amended by Federal Laws of 22.06.2007 N 116-FZ, of 24.07.2007 N 210-FZ)

Where can you go by bike

According to the traffic rules, you can ride a bike on the following sections of the road (in order of priority):

Cycle path, cycle path or cyclist lane is the highest priority.

  • If there is no bike path;
  • If the width of the bike does not exceed 1 m;
  • If you eat only in a column;
  • If there is no cycle path or you cannot move along the extreme right lane.
  • If there is no cycle path, or it is not possible to drive in the far right lane or shoulder.
  • If you are accompanying a cyclist under the age of 14
  • If you are carrying a child under the age of 7 in an extra seat, in a bicycle wheelchair or in a trailer designed for use with a bicycle.

For cyclists from 7 to 14 years old

You can only ride on sidewalks, walking, cycling and cycling paths, as well as within pedestrian areas.

For cyclists under 7 years old

You can only ride on sidewalks, pedestrian and bike paths (on the pedestrian side), and within pedestrian areas.

Requirements for the movement of cyclists

24.1. Cyclists over the age of 14 must travel along cycle paths, cycle paths or cyclists’ lane.

24.2. Cyclists over the age of 14 are allowed to move:

on the right edge of the carriageway. in the following cases:

there are no cycle and bike paths, a lane for cyclists, or there is no opportunity to move along them;

the overall width of the bicycle, its trailer or the cargo being transported exceeds 1 m;

the movement of cyclists is carried out in columns;

on the side of the road. if there are no cycle and cycle paths, a lane for cyclists, or there is no opportunity to move along them or along the right edge of the carriageway;

on the sidewalk or footpath. in the following cases:

there are no cycle and bicycle paths, a lane for cyclists, or there is no opportunity to move along them, as well as along the right edge of the carriageway or shoulder;

the cyclist accompanies a cyclist under the age of 14 or carries a child under the age of 7 in an additional seat, in a bicycle wheelchair or in a trailer designed for use with a bicycle.

(as amended by Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation of 12.07.2017 N 832)

24.3. Cyclists between the ages of 7 and 14 should only move along sidewalks, pedestrian, bicycle and bicycle paths, and within pedestrian zones.

24.4. Cyclists under the age of 7 must only move on sidewalks, pedestrian and cycle paths (on the pedestrian side), and within pedestrian areas.

24.6. If the movement of the cyclist on the sidewalk, footpath, shoulder or within pedestrian zones endangers or interferes with the movement of other persons, the cyclist must dismount and follow the requirements provided for by these Rules for the movement of pedestrians.

Cyclists over 14 years of age

The bicycle is equated to all other means of transport. For this reason, the cyclist must comply with the relevant traffic regulations. Since April 2014, 6 points of 24 sections of traffic rules have been devoted to cyclists.

According to them, the movement of cyclists over 14 years old is allowed (in descending order): along cycle or bicycle paths or along the existing special lane for cyclists; on the right edge of the carriageway; on the sidelines; on the pedestrian sidewalk.

It is important to note that each next item in the above-mentioned list implies the absence of the previous ones. In other words, if a cyclist has the ability to move on a cycle path, then in no case should he ride on the carriageway. But if there is none, then the right edge of the carriageway is the permitted place of movement.

In addition to the above rules, there are several more clarifications. You can only move on the carriageway if the width of the bicycle is more than 1 meter and if the movement of cyclists is carried out in a column.

You can only move on the sidewalk or footpath if the cyclist accompanies a child under the age of 7 who also travels on a bicycle. Or if a cyclist carries a child in his vehicle in the same age range.

READ  How to adjust the chain on a speed bike

If cyclists move along the right edge of the carriageway, they should only ride in one lane, one after the other. Driving in two rows is allowed only if the overall width of the cyclists is less than 0.75 m.

Cyclists under 14 years of age

The movement of cyclists, whose age is from 7 to 14 years old, is carried out on sidewalks, bicycle and bicycle paths and pedestrian paths, as well as within the boundaries of pedestrian zones.

Children and adolescents under the age of 14 are not allowed to ride bicycles on the carriageway and on the side of the road. And the movement of cyclists, whose age is less than 7 years, is possible only in pedestrian zones.

There is another important point in the rules regarding traffic in pedestrian areas and other crowded places. According to the rules, the cyclist should not interfere with the movement of all other persons when moving on sidewalks, footpaths, roadsides and pedestrian areas. If an inconvenience for pedestrians is created, then the cyclist must get off the vehicle and continue to move as a pedestrian.

Traffic rules (SDA) for cyclists, or how to ride a bike on the road according to the rules

and more cyclists appear on our roads and off-road, since the weather in summer is favorable for this. The bicycle is becoming a popular means of transport, both for movement and for maintaining optimal physical shape. Cycling does not require a driver’s license, as most other vehicles do. Therefore, often, the majority of cyclists, despite the fact that they are drivers of two-wheeled vehicles, have a very poor understanding of traffic rules and ride on the roads unprepared. But cycling for adults, with the exception of some types of cycling, involves movement on roads and streets.

A little dry information from traffic rules about terms.

“Bicycle”. a vehicle, other than a wheelchair, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, as a rule, by the muscular energy of the persons in this vehicle. “Driver”. a person who drives any vehicle. A “cyclist” is a person who is driving a bicycle. “A pedestrian”. a person who is outside the vehicle on the road or on a pedestrian or bicycle path and does not work for them. Persons driving a bicycle are equated with pedestrians. “Bicycle lane”. an element of the road (or a separate road), structurally separated from the carriageway and sidewalk, intended for the movement of cyclists and marked with sign 4.4.1.

Cyclist Lane. lane of the carriageway intended for traffic on bicycles and mopeds, separated from the rest of the carriageway by horizontal markings and marked with sign 5.14.2.

Answers to basic questions, based on the definitions presented in the traffic rules.

Question: Is a bicycle a vehicle? Yes, a bicycle is a vehicle.

Question: Is the cyclist a driver? Yes, a cyclist is a driver, so all the requirements of the rules required for vehicle drivers to comply apply equally to cyclists.

Question: When can a person with a bicycle be a pedestrian? If you get off the bike and roll the bike next to you, then in accordance with the traffic rules, you are already a pedestrian.

General rules for cyclists as for any vehicle driver.

The bicycle, as a vehicle, must be in good working order. In conditions of insufficient visibility, in the dark, in the tunnels on a moving bicycle, headlights or lanterns should be lit. Thus, in these conditions, for cycling, light reflectors alone are not enough, there must be lighting devices.

A cyclist while driving on the carriageway is obliged to inform other road users with certain signs if he is going to make any maneuver.

Before starting a movement, turning, changing lanes and stopping, it is necessary to give signals with direction indicators, if any, and if they are not, then by hand. When performing various maneuvers, the cyclist should not interfere with other road users.

Learn How to Ride a Bicycle in 5 Minutes

This is not noted in the traffic rules, but for the safety of both the cyclist and other road users, it seems that it is necessary that the person on the bike be clearly visible. Therefore, it is necessary that he was in bright, noticeable clothes, and in the dark, reflective elements should be placed on his clothes.

In accordance with traffic rules, the cyclist’s permitted speed is the same as for other vehicles. In the city, it is not allowed to exceed the speed of 60 km / h, in courtyards and residential areas. 20 km / h At the same time, a cyclist can only reach a speed above 25 km / h with the help of his own efforts.

Traffic rules for cyclists are set out in a separate chapter 4.

Who can ride a bike and where

If you are over 14 years old, then you must ride the cycle paths, cycle paths, or cyclist lane. That is, movement on other elements of the road is prohibited by the rules, in particular. on the sidewalk. But there are exceptions to this rule.

Question: Can I ride a bike on the road? If you are a cyclist under the age of 14, then you are prohibited from driving on the carriageway.

If you are over 14 years old, it is possible, as an exception, to ride along the edge of the carriageway when: There is no lane for cyclists, cycle or bicycle paths, or traffic on them is impossible. When the width of the bike or trailer is more than 1 meter. When cyclists move in a column.

Question: Is it okay to cycle on the sidewalk or footpath? Yes, if your age is from 7 to 14 years old, then you can only cycle on pedestrian, bicycle and bicycle paths, sidewalks, and also within pedestrian zones.

Yes, if the rider is less than 7 years old. Cyclists of this age can only ride on pedestrian and cycle paths (on the pedestrian side), sidewalks, and also within pedestrian areas.

Question: Where can children from 7 to 14 years old ride a bike? Children between the ages of 7 and 14 can only ride a bicycle on bike, pedestrian and bike paths, sidewalks, and within pedestrian areas.

Question: Where can children under 7 ride a bike? Children under 7 years of age should only ride bicycles on sidewalks, pedestrian and bicycle paths (on the pedestrian side), and within pedestrian areas. That is, they should only move on a section of the road intended for pedestrian traffic.

Thus, cyclists under the age of 14 are prohibited from driving on the side of the road and on the carriageway. If a cyclist, moving on a pedestrian path, sidewalk, sidewalk or within pedestrian zones, interferes with the movement of others, then he must get off the bike and become a pedestrian, that is, roll the bike next to him.

Driving on the carriageway

Those cyclists who are allowed to move on the carriageway, in accordance with the traffic rules, must move along its edge in the direction of the traffic flow.

But moving along the edge does not mean that it is necessary to move close to the side of the road. You need to leave a small space on the asphalt between you and the side of the road for maneuver. Danger can be caused by undercutting drivers who turn right and opening doors of cars parked on the side of the road.

Question: On which side of the road should the cyclist move or how to properly ride the bike on the road? The cyclist must move along the right edge of the carriageway in the direction of traffic (clause 24.2 of the SDA).

Apparently, the frequency of this issue arises due to the fact that pedestrians, in the absence of other possibilities of traffic rules, are allowed to move even along the edge of the carriageway (of course, movement along the edge of the carriageway for pedestrians is a significant danger, therefore it is not recommended), but pedestrians should move towards traffic.

If the cyclist gets off the bike and rolls it next to him, then in accordance with the traffic rules he becomes a pedestrian, but despite this he must move, unlike pedestrians, in the direction of vehicles (traffic rules, clause 4.1).

There are bans in the traffic rules that apply only to drivers of two-wheeled vehicles.

Question: Can a cyclist ride a bike without holding the handlebars? It is forbidden to operate the bike without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand.

Question: Is it possible for a cyclist to cross the road at a pedestrian crossing. Not. A cyclist cannot cross the road at a pedestrian crossing.

The cyclist is prohibited from: driving on motorways; transport children under 7 years old if there are no specially equipped places for their transportation; turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in a given direction; cross the road at pedestrian crossings. In this case, the cyclist has no advantage over vehicles. That is, the road cannot be crossed on a bicycle, you must dismount, i.e. get off the bike and roll it alongside. In this case, you become a pedestrian and use at a pedestrian crossing when crossing the road all the advantages over car drivers that pedestrians have when moving along a pedestrian crossing.