What is the speed of the bike

Average bike capabilities

The hard-to-reach record inspires any extreme riding enthusiast. To measure the speed level, mechanical speedometers were previously installed on vehicles, at the moment inexpensive electronic bike computers are available that record the speed of movement, route duration, driving pace, energy consumption, average mileage and other useful information.

Average cycling speed can be as high as 50 km / h on a road bike on an asphalt road.

The higher the physical fitness and technical skills of the rider, and the equipment of the bike, the faster the ride: a trained cyclist can safely reach speeds of up to 110 km / h.

When city pokatushki it is necessary to follow the traffic rules: bypass cars; slow down at intersections, before entering turns and pedestrian crossings, the speed limit in this case cannot exceed 25 km.

The road bike has a high speed on an asphalt road, but it is not recommended for fast city driving due to the low seating position of the cyclist, poor visibility and skidding during fast braking.

Mountain bikes are more suitable for high-speed driving in urban conditions, although they roll more slowly on flat surfaces, they are more preferable for safe high-speed driving in populated areas.

The mountain bike is also suitable for urban racing: the wide handlebars make it easy to maneuver on the road, and the wide tires have excellent grip on the asphalt surface, which allows you to stop instantly.

Riding on rough objects does not allow the development of a speed of more than 35 km / h on any bike, this is due to the frequent pits, bumps and sandy roads, which significantly reduce the speed.

On forest paths, the highest speed can reach only 15 km / h.

speed, bike

What speed can you develop on a bike? Velobaggio

The mechanism of the bicycle is set in motion by the physical efforts of the rider and the gearbox. therefore, the speed directly depends on various factors: the speed of pedaling and the power of the speed system. It is impossible to answer the question of what maximum speed can be developed on a bicycle, since the maximum speed is directly dependent on the limit of a person’s ability and the technical condition of the bicycle.

If we take the average version, then the speed can develop up to 60 km / h. But in history there are cases when the speed of the bike exceeded the automobile milestone.

Records. World record for cycling speed

The absolute speed record for cycling was set in 1995. Its value is 268.8 km / h. This was accomplished by Dutchman Fred Rompelberg. The record was important and valuable not only for the cyclist, since he turned 50 that year.

This event took place on the track in Utah (USA). It represented the ideal flat surface of an ancient lake (salt), this is the Bonneville Plain. And the bike was specially equipped (the gear ratio and a special transmission system to the rear sprocket were significantly increased). And, as always, a car was moving in front of him, which also created a zone of reduced pressure behind itself.

Acceleration principle

Several factors influence the development of the speed limit:

For hard trails, narrow, smooth rubber tires without a pattern are most suitable. wide studded tires are the most unsuitable for smooth roads.

And gravel, sand and soft undercoat require studs and wide rubber. Pebbles and stones are generally not suited for cycling.

Read a separate article about the choice and types of bicycle tires.

An important role in the development of speed is played by pressure. the higher it is, the more optimal roll-off on flat and hard surfaces.

Unpaved and gravel tracks require a series of experiments to find the best result.

The weight of the wheels also affects speed. The less rims, spokes, bushings, tires and tubes weigh, the less energy is spent on accelerating the bike, which means that a minimum of effort is invested for a fast ride.

The larger the diameter, the higher the development of speed and overcoming all the irregularities of the road. Optimal diameter from 29 inches.

High resistance in the mechanical system of the rear transmission and poorly lubricated chain reduces the speed of the wheel.

Condition and specifications of bushings.

Hub wear requires more effort when pedaling.

Landing, handlebar width, weather conditions, shock absorber and other related factors also affect riding speed.

Average bike capabilities

The hard-to-reach record inspires any extreme riding enthusiast. To measure the speed level, mechanical speedometers were previously installed on vehicles, at the moment inexpensive electronic bike computers are available that record the speed of movement, route duration, driving pace, energy consumption, average mileage and other useful information.

Average cycling speed can be as high as 50 km / h on a road bike on an asphalt road.

The higher the physical fitness and technical skills of the rider, and the equipment of the bike, the faster the ride: a trained cyclist can safely reach speeds of up to 110 km / h.

When city pokatushki it is necessary to follow the traffic rules: bypass cars; slow down at intersections, before entering turns and pedestrian crossings, the speed limit in this case cannot exceed 25 km.

The road bike has a high speed on an asphalt road, but it is not recommended for fast city driving due to the low seating position of the cyclist, poor visibility and skidding during fast braking.

Mountain bikes are more suitable for high-speed driving in urban conditions, although they roll more slowly on flat surfaces, they are more preferable for safe high-speed driving in populated areas.

The mountain bike is also suitable for urban racing: the wide handlebars make it easy to maneuver on the road, and the wide tires have excellent traction on the asphalt surface, which allows you to stop instantly.

Riding on rough objects does not allow the development of a speed of more than 35 km / h on any bike, this is due to the frequent pits, bumps and sandy roads, which significantly reduce the speed.

On forest paths, the highest speed can reach only 15 km / h.

Cycling speed

An ordinary untrained person, not in a hurry, on a city highway can move at a speed of about 12-15 km per hour, taking into account both the descents and the ascents of the road. This value is taken as the average speed of the bike.

Cycling’s speed secrets | The Economist

A slightly exercising person on a bicycle with certain amenities (for example, toe clips, gear shifters, good brakes) are able to move faster. at a speed of 30 km / h.

And if the same person is transplanted onto a lightweight road bike, for example, without rear and front fenders, then on the most flat area he will be able to accelerate it to 40 km / h and continue to maintain this speed for several minutes.

There are not only speed records for cycling, but also world records for keeping speed. In 2005, on the famous cycle track in Krylatskoye, the representative of the Czech Republic O. Sosenka kept the achieved speed (49.7 km / h) on the bike for 60 minutes. He was unable to maintain the 50 km / h value due to the fact that his bike had only one gear and a rather high saddle. Such a record is difficult in terms of wear and tear.

On good roads, you can safely maintain a high speed of 60-70 km / h on a 9-kilometer descent, even on heavy mountain bikes. It turns out that these values ​​should be taken as the maximum speed for ordinary amateur cyclists.

What speed can you develop on a bike?

Mountain bike speed record

Descents from the mountain can also be under different conditions: on an ice surface and on a dirt surface. Therefore, the records are separated.

On a winter track on a mountain bike, with excellent transport equipment (excellent bike aerodynamics, aerodynamic equipment), the speed record on a bicycle is firmly held by the athlete Eric Baron. In 2000, in the Alps (April 12), he accelerated his bike to 222 km / h.

Despite the fact that he was descending the mountain, his record was lower than the absolute one (F. Rompelberg). And yet it must be taken into account that the air resistance during the descent increased more and more, and the vibration intensified, worsening the stability of the transport. This vibration prevented him from setting a record on a gravel descent (sad finish).

Two years later, on the slope of the Sierra Negro, the same athlete took 3rd place, after his own previous second, literally drove about 400 meters down the gravel. It was a real hell for the cyclist: at the end of this terrible interval, the maximum speed of the bike reached 210.4 kilometers per hour, and his bike literally exploded.

Good training, competent protection and a high-quality helmet helped the Baron survive in such a deadly situation.

There is no limit to human and technical capabilities. A person will always strive to conquer new heights.

How to switch

There have never been and never will be strict rules for gear shifting. But there are some combinations that help shift more efficiently and also extend the life of the entire drivetrain. Indeed, during operation, the chain is often skewed due to the arrangement of the sprockets in parallel planes, which causes its wear.

The figure shows the recommended gear combinations for different types of terrain.

In order to reduce wear and increase the service life of the gearshift mechanism, sprockets and chain, it is recommended to shift at the moment of minimum load. This means that shifting in the middle of a climb puts a very heavy load on the drivetrain, which could result in derailleur breakage and chain breakage.

Therefore, riders and amateurs participating in cross-country competitions, where the load on all mechanics is especially great, try to protect themselves from unpleasant surprises and acquire high-class attachments, as well as monitor the condition of the chain and stars, regularly wash, adjust or replace mechanisms.

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How many speeds on the bike

People who are far from cycling still have no idea that modern bicycles are equipped with many speeds, a kind of gearbox. The presence of a gearshift mechanism makes it possible for a cyclist to ride in different conditions, which are determined by both the road surface and the terrain. And yet, how many speeds on a bike does a rider or amateur need to have to be completely happy? For everyone, happiness is measured in its own way, but we will try to find out what the programs are for.

The need to switch

The gears on the bike are primarily needed for comfortable, efficient movement in certain conditions. With their help, a cyclist can go faster, accelerate downhill, effortlessly drive up a steep incline, and easily maneuver in difficult areas. for example, in sand or soft mud. or around the city, making constant detours around obstacles. The presence of speeds is one of the signs of a mountain bike, and the more there are, the less suffering will be caused by difficult paths and paths.

How many speeds are on the bike. depending on what!

So, a modern bicycle has 2-3 stars in the front (system) and 5-10 stars in the back (cassette). Gear shifting is carried out using the rear and front derailleurs, which work with the chain, throwing it over the stars of the connecting rod system and along the small stars on the rear wheel hub, from which the speed changes. Gear shift control levers (coins) can be in the form of levers and grip shift. a swivel shift mechanism on the handlebar.

The number of speeds is determined by the quantitative combination of front and rear sprockets. To calculate how many speeds on the bike, you need to multiply the number of chainrings by the number of rear stars. For example, there are 3 stars in the front, and 8 stars in the back, for a total of 24 speeds. There are other variations: 3×5, 3×6, 3×7, 3×8, 3×9, 3×10. over, systems and cassettes can have a different number of teeth on the stars, the speed also depends on this.

Feel the bike. switch right

The only way to find the right combinations individually is by putting your bike to the test. Everyone has different physical capabilities, and for some, 5 stars are enough, and for someone, 10 is not enough, because the main trump card, whatever one may say, remains constant training, exercises and loads on the working leg muscles.

The switching figure shown is a rough guide for a beginner to use. Experienced cyclists, who have learned to feel their bike, are not monitoring the correct gear. The determining factors are the driving conditions and the level of training of the person sitting behind the wheel of a two-wheeled vehicle.

What is the current bike speed?

Everything is simple here. it is a measure of the speed at which the bicycle is being ridden. Everything.

How is bike speed measured??

In the beginning, analogue devices were used, which are driven by the movement of a bicycle and have the principle of operation of an automobile speedometer. But with the evolution of digital technology, special electronic devices (bicycle computers) have appeared. And with the development of modern smartphones, it became possible to measure the speed of a bicycle using tracker applications. Which one is better?

Cycling computer. the most accurate method for determining speed. The bike computer calculates the speed of your bike using the wheel’s circumference and the number of times it rotates over a period of time. the error is minimal. The disadvantage of this device is the lack of sufficient memory to store your results. The bike computer is a compact bike speed diagnostic tool that does not require charging, takes up little space and weighs very little.

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Smartphone and GPS tracker app. allows you to measure not only speed indicators, but also the values ​​of the height difference. An important function is the ability to record the route, on it the speed differences in different sections will be marked. You can also rate your route and share it with your friends. Minus. slightly blurry output data as signal is lost.

What is the average bike speed?

Your average speed can be easily calculated without special equipment or complex mathematical calculations. The simplest way. detect exactly one hour and see what distance you can cover. The result will be your average speed. But to be precise. the average speed is the ratio of the distance traveled by the cyclist to the time spent on the trip.

The current record holder (since June 7, 2015) with the highest average speed is Bradley Wiggins of Great Britain. He traveled 54.526 km in 1 hour on a special indoor velodrome, where there is no headwind, and the surface has the same topography and quality.

As for ordinary cyclists, they are able to maintain an average speed at the level of:

  • 30-35 km / h on a road bike;
  • 18-20 km / h average speed of a bicycle in the city;
  • 10-15 km / h average speed of a mountain bike.

Which bike is faster?

The fastest, among the serial copies, is considered the road type of bicycles, since it is maximally sharpened for fast riding. But you must remember the golden rule. not a bicycle, but a cyclist. The physical fitness of the rider plays a very important role and if she is lame, you can easily be overtaken by your grandfather on a rusty “Ukraine”.

Bicycle speed. average and maximum

Bicycle speed is probably the most important parameter that interests anyone who embarks on a bike trail. Often buyers use this indicator even when choosing a bike. But it is very difficult to give a clear explanation of what the speed of a particular bicycle is. there are too many factors influencing this definition.

Even if you ask a seasoned cyclist or professional athlete, you are more likely to get an answer consisting of vague personal data. After all, this parameter depends on many conditions. The type of bike (its weight, level of equipment), coverage, wind speed and direction, weight, height and physical fitness of the rider are important. And the most important thing. what speed of the bike are you interested in? Average, maximum, or maybe current? Let’s take it all apart.

Cycling speed record

A person, such a creature, reaching a certain record, he always wants to improve it. Cycling speed records are no exception. They are trying to beat them in absolutely various ways. from the use of non-standard technical solutions to the bike itself, to the use of doping by cyclists.

Let’s highlight the most outstanding speed records that cyclists have achieved:

  • maximum speed on a flat plane in an aerodynamic capsule. 133.28km / h;
  • 222 km / h when cycling from the mountain;
  • the maximum speed in the air of a special vehicle is 268 km / h;
  • 333 km / h on a jet bike;

How to raise your maximum or average speeds?

It is unlikely that you want to break the speed record on a bicycle set by some Olympic champion, but you can improve your personal achievements by applying a few useful tips:

  • Use the smoothest and thinnest tires possible, they have less rolling resistance;
  • Increase the air pressure in the chambers to the maximum mark (you can find it on the side of the tires);
  • The quality of your great equipment plays a big role. If you want to achieve an outstanding result. you need a quality bike. First of all. lightweight and roll wheels;
  • Get rid of or minimize suspension shock absorption, because it eats up the lion’s share of your strength;
  • Reduce air resistance. Get as low and comfortable as possible;
  • Wear special cycling clothing, it does not hinder movement, it removes moisture and temperature well from your body, as a result, making you more productive;
  • Exercise constantly. It is regular cycling that will increase your speed performance, gradually climbing higher and higher;

average speed

The average speed of a cyclist is highly individual. It depends on many different factors. This is influenced by physical fitness, and road surface, and weather conditions, as well as the technical condition of the bike itself.

The established route also plays a significant role. Thus, movement in the city will differ from movement on the highway or rough countryside due to the large number of various obstacles and restrictions. The cyclist’s road speed is affected by atmospheric drag, especially in the presence of strong headwinds. The following factors are also significant:

  • Tires. Their actual width and shape of the pattern;
  • Tire pressure. The more pressure, the easier it is to roll on a hard surface;
  • Wheel diameter. The larger the diameter, the faster the ride. In addition, it is easier to overcome small irregularities of highways on large wheels;
  • The condition of the bicycle hubs, as well as their quality. Worn or unusable bushings make you waste more force when pedaling;
  • Number of shock absorbers. The more shock absorbers, the more difficult it is to pedal, as the shock absorbers try to balance the shock that comes with pedaling effort. If there are no shock absorbers, as on road bikes, then pedaling is at maximum speed;
  • The weight of the bike itself. On the uphill, a light bike is much more difficult to ride, on the downhill, a heavy bike gives the highest speed.

The average speed of a bicycle under normal circumstances and with a cyclist without much physical training is about 18-22 km / h. A trained person on a flat track can reach speeds of up to 30-40 km / h. Prof. athletes with good physical training and extensive racing experience can move on road bikes at speeds over 50 km / h.

Maximum

There are many speed records that have been set. Each is achieved under different conditions and on different bike models. The highest speed was recorded in 1995 by the Dutch cyclist Fred Rompelberg and was 268 kilometers per hour. This became possible only on a special racing bike, on which, under normal conditions, it is fundamentally impossible to move. In addition, the movement took place behind a unique sports car in an airbag for less air resistance to the next bike.

Other records were set without special wind protection, but nevertheless, they also amaze ordinary people. Velomobiles with the lightest aerodynamic frame design allow speeds from 75 to 105 km / h on a flat track.

The world record for downhill speed is 212 km / h. It belongs to the Frenchman Christian Tylerfer, who made the descent on a special bicycle with an aerodynamic frame, as well as in a tracksuit that minimizes air resistance.

Bike speed

As an unspoken rule, it is not customary to measure the speed of a bicycle, because this value varies quite a lot and largely depends on who pedals, and not on the mountain bike itself. Therefore, such a concept as the speed of a bicycle is very, very relative. However, many are wondering what the maximum speed can be developed by this type of transport under certain certain conditions.

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Mountain bike speed

The speed of the bike depends a lot on the type of bike. Mountain bikes are designed for extreme riding in conditions of poor coverage or none at all, so when designing such models, there is no special emphasis on achieving high speeds. Also, for an ordinary mountain bike, the surface on which it moves plays an important role.

Mountain tires are wide enough and have a pronounced pattern, which does not allow generating high speed on smooth roads, but if you change them to solid, smooth tires, this will add a few extra kilometers per hour. On gravel roads, the average speed drops to 15-18 km / h, and on dry sand, due to the strong softness of the entire surface, even less.

The highest recorded top speed of a mountain bike was 227 km / h. This record was successfully set by the Frenchman Eric Baron, who made descents from the slopes of volcanoes and mountains.

Different soil types also affect movement in different ways. For example, swampy soil saturated with clay, especially in the period after heavy rain, significantly reduces the speed and increases the load especially strongly, and the cyclist moves at a speed of about 5 km / h, since the mud sticks to the tires and completely clogs the pattern, which makes it almost impossible to advance.

There are mountain bikes for downhill cross-country skiing, the so-called Downhill. Despite the pits, bumps and other irregularities of such a route, they can accelerate to 50 km / h, which is equivalent to the speed of cyclists competing on gentle sections of the track.

The text was prepared by Roman Borisov. Published: 28 May, 2020. Categories: Skating, Micro Recordings.

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Bike speed

Clean, uncluttered speed is one of the ingredients that make cycling especially fun and exciting. There is no iron box of the car around, the pilot is open to all winds and elements, under him there is only a weightless bicycle. Speed ​​in such conditions is felt especially sharply. What speed can a bicycle develop??

If we talk about absolute records, then the highest speed on a bicycle is an incredible 268 km / h. This result was achieved while driving on the salt plain behind a racing car with a special fairing. Of course, the bike was also special, and it was impossible to ride it under normal conditions. When driving without aids, the highest speeds are shown by velomobiles with ultra-light streamlined bodies. Speed ​​record in a single ride on a velomobile. 105 km / h at a distance of 200 m on the move. When starting from a standstill in an hour’s race, the speed record also belongs to the velomobile and is 75 km / h. But in terms of speed of descent from the mountain, the mountain bike is in the lead. The figure is a fantastic 210 km / h.

Records are good, they inspire and make you look at familiar things in a new way. However, the average cyclist is no less, and sometimes even more interesting, to know how fast you can ride a bike on normal roads, and how long to maintain it.

Earlier, some fifteen or twenty years ago, heavy and uncomfortable mechanical speedometers were used to measure speed, showing only the current speed and the total mileage of the bicycle. Today these are miniature devices, bicycle computers, which are orders of magnitude more convenient and display a lot of useful information. Dozens of features ranging from any cyclist’s riding parameters to altitude, heart rate readings and even satellite navigation.

The average person who sometimes gets out on a bike ride in most cases overestimates the speed with which he travels on the bike. Seeing the readings of 25-30 km / h on the computer, it seems that this speed will be maintained for a long time. In practice, the real average speed on an asphalt road in three to four hours can barely reach 20 km / h. Of course, this parameter will also depend on the type and level of the bike. On low-quality or small folding bicycles, these numbers will be unattainable. The more trained cyclist, who travels several thousand kilometers a year, will be noticeably faster. He has better physical condition, better riding technique, higher efficiency and, as a rule, a better bike. Such people can travel at an average speed of about 25 km / h at distances of up to 100 km, and sometimes even more. Amateur athletes, serious marathon runners are a group of people with completely different physical and technical capabilities. They can maintain an average speed of 30-35 km / h on the highway for many hours. At the same time, the current speed in some sections can reach 40 km / h. When riding in a group, these indicators significantly increase. Professional athletes in a group race can drive at an average speed of over 50 km / h, and the speed on the slopes can exceed a hundred! The strongest professionals alone can maintain an average speed of 50 km / h. This is the speed record set in an hour-long track race on a classic bike. Rough terrain, depending on the nature, significantly reduces the average speed. On the hardest mountain trails, even for trained cyclists, the average speed can be in the region of 15 km / h. And this despite the fact that they ride ultralight professional bicycles, and their level of technical proficiency is very high. On the other hand, an ordinary person would not be able to ride a bicycle at all in such conditions, and his average walking speed would be 1-2 km / h.

How can I increase my speed? First of all, exercise. Only regular training will allow you to ride better and faster. It is also important to purchase a quality bike suitable for the intended use and riding style. Then training will become more effective and enjoyable. It’s more interesting to ride a good bike! Move. and may Speed ​​be with you!

Cycling speed (average and maximum)

Let’s start with the highest speeds, and the highest speeds are in cycling. on track and road races (a track bike is similar to a road bike, only as lightweight as possible and with a fixed gear). What speed can a road bike reach? To do this, we will analyze the standards for road and track cycling. There are four main speeds here.

73 km / h. maximum sprint speed on a racing track bike (MSMK standard at a distance of 200 meters). 50 km / h. the average speed of a well-trained cyclist at short distances on a cycle track. 45 km / h. the maximum average speed of a well-trained road cyclist at a distance of 20 km. 50km. 40 km / h. the average speed of a trained road cyclist.

Comment: All conclusions are made for men, for women the speed indicators will be lower. Also, wind and riding in an air bag are not taken into account.

Table of speeds at various distances, depending on the category of the athlete

Distance 3 digit, speed (km / h) 1 digit, speed (km / h) MS, speed (km / h)
200 m (cycle track) 57.6 62.1 69.2
1 km (cycle track) 45.6 51.4 57.1
3 km (cycle track) 44.1 47.6 51.4
25 km (highway) 36.1 40.5 45.5

Now let’s move on to average mountain bike speeds. To do this, you can analyze the data of one of the largest bicycle marathons “Krassport” (in the lists of protocols). The distance of this marathon runs mainly on asphalt and gravel roads, with a small section of field roads. The climb is small and there are no technical sections. Therefore, for our analysis, such a trace is quite suitable.

A couple of key rates can be deduced from the protocols:

30-33 km / h. the average speed of a well-trained mountain bike athlete. 20-25 km / h. the average speed of most mountain bikers.

Thus, it is safe to say that the average mountain bike cyclist will ride on the highway or in the city at an average speed of 20-25 km / h.

From the mountain

Previous records were united by the use, in one way or another, of other vehicles, but the following were set when descending from hills. In 2007, while descending a snow-covered mountain slope, the Austrian Markus Stockl managed to reach a speed of 210 km / h. But the absolute record holder for descending from the mountain is Eric Barone, who in April 2014 developed a maximum speed of 223 kilometers per hour. It should be noted that Markus used, albeit very expensive, but a serial bike, while his opponent used a conceptual, unique model.

Average speed and trip planning

It is clear that when planning a trip, a cyclist must take into account his average speed, the values ​​of which are obtained in a practical way. For example, using a specialized bicycle computer, bicycle speedometer, navigator or special software for a smartphone.

It is convenient to store data about your trips in a special application on your smartphone, in tabular files on laptop or personal computer drives, although you can get by with the usual entries in a notebook or notebook.

Based on their average speed, the cyclist can calculate the daily mileage and travel time. Be sure to use your real average speed, and not abstract data from reference books. By the way, the reference books give a fairly high average speed (about 15 km / h), which can be true only for short (less than 5 km) trips on MTB.

When traveling in a group, the average speed of the weakest participant should be taken as the average speed. Actually, its speed will determine the final pace of the trip.

The ideal group of cyclists, as a rule, has approximately the same level of fitness and is able to maintain a sufficiently high average speed for a long time.

Riding in a group with a heterogeneous composition of participants is difficult and not interesting. Weak cyclists will tire quickly, while strong cyclists will simply get bored.

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Average bike speed in rain, fair weather, wind

If you find yourself in stormy weather while cycling, then you understand me. There are such gusts of wind that you simply cannot go forward, or you are blown sideways. The average speed in such conditions drops dramatically.

In the rain, too, you will not particularly accelerate, because the grip is weak and the safety of driving at high speeds suffers greatly. Better to go slowly but surely. And if you are in the field in the rain, then everything, dug into the ground!

In clear weather, of course, it is best to ride. It can be seen far away, the road is clean and dry, the grip is excellent, the wind does not interfere. You can put !

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Bicycle speed in everyday life

Records are good and interesting, but for ordinary cyclists, what is more important is how fast they can travel on normal roads on regular bicycles? And how long can this speed be maintained?

Once upon a time, measuring the speed of bicycles was carried out by inconvenient mechanical speedometers. They were only able to show the current speed and total mileage. Modern cycling computers are ten times more functional. They show not only all sorts of parameters of the bicycle’s movement, but also information that has nothing to do with it. Altitude, cyclist’s heart rate, location on the globe, and so on.

It seems to an ordinary person (not an athlete) riding a bicycle that he is moving at a higher speed than he really is. Having fixed the speed of 25-30 km / h with a glance on the speedometer, he thinks that this speed is maintained by him throughout the entire time. But in reality, the average speed turns out to be much lower, no more than 20 km / h.

Of course, the average speed value depends on the rider’s physical condition and the quality of his bike. A professional, well-trained athlete who winds several thousand kilometers of roads on wheels a year is able to move at a much higher speed. For example, drive a distance of 100 kilometers or more at an average speed of at least 25 km / h.

Marathon cyclists with special physical condition can maintain an average speed of 30-35 km / h for several hours. At the same time, the current speed in certain areas can reach 40 km / h. over, groups of cyclists usually move faster than individuals. Group races often take place at an average speed of more than 50 km / h, and on slopes it sometimes exceeds 100 km / h.

How Many Speeds Do I Need On My Bike?

But sometimes even loners show extraordinary speed. For example, a professional athlete Francesco Moser in 1984 maintained a speed of at least 50 km / h for an hour. This record has not been broken to this day.

And here are the specific results recorded at the Tour de France races.

  • Lance Armstrong in 2003 showed 40.940 km / h.
  • In 2004, he almost repeated his achievement. 40.553 km / h.
  • Armstrong again in 2005. 41.654 km / h.
  • Oscar Pereiro in 2006. 40.784 km / h.
  • Carlos Sastre in 2008. 40.492 km / h.

Rolling resistance

The more the tread of the tire (the spike of the tire), the more it will resist rolling. There are two types of diametrically opposed tires: slicks and mountain.

Slick tires are thin, bare, and very easy to ride with, but very “slippery”, especially in the rain. Typically used on road bikes, these tires are lighter and designed for road use.

Mountain. tires for rough terrain, fields, forests, they are more difficult for a bicycle “slip”, as the tread provides better traction, but they are more difficult to ride. Such tires are usually heard from afar, they “buzz”, at a cyclist speed of 20 km / h, it will feel like a big buzzing bumblebee has flown past you. Mountain tires are used for cross-country bikes, hardtails or full suspension.

Wind

Term “sit on a wheel” (or “hang on the tail”) means to follow the trail of someone, sailors call this movement in the wake, when the first participant takes on the additional load associated with overcoming the air flow, and the participants following him conditionally rest. The wind may not affect the speed for a trained participant; for an unprepared participant, it slows down by about 5-10 km / h

Additional ways to make your ride easier

There are still a few small tricks left that can have a beneficial effect on driving pleasure. So, the first thing: you need to ride in a relaxed way. there is nothing in cycling that would make you tense. Second: the shoes should be an extension of the leg, the foot should not dangle in the sneaker. And thirdly: they will accelerate best of all while standing, in the so-called position of a dancer. This will not affect the average speed of the cyclist, but it will greatly conserve his strength.

Many users ask the question about the average speed of the bike and I decided to consider this question separately.

To begin with, the speed of the bike as a whole depends on many parameters:

  • type of bike (mountain, road, children, city, etc.);
  • the level of quality and maintenance of the bike (if the old one is large and no one lubricates it, then it will be difficult to accelerate on it);
  • type of terrain (city, field, mountains, forest, track, sidewalk, etc.);
  • weather conditions (rain, wind, humidity);
  • physical fitness and capabilities of the cyclist;
  • type of tires (tread size);
  • pressure in the chambers;
  • the total weight of the bike and the cyclist;
  • even the clothes of a cyclist;
  • etc.

What is bike roll and what does it depend on?

Roll-up is the amount of energy that needs to be spent on overcoming a certain segment of the path. Also, coasting should mean the distance that the bike travels without pedaling. The roll is influenced by many factors, of which we have identified 8 main.

Tires and type of tread. For riding on a hard surface (asphalt, concrete, slabs), narrow slicks (bald rubber without a pattern) are best suited. But aggressive rubber with spikes and a pattern should be left for sand and soft soil.

Wheel size. As with cars, wheel size matters a lot in bicycles. The larger the wheels, the better they roll. In addition, such wheels can more easily overcome small irregularities and pits.

Wheel mass. The wheel consists of several parts: hub, spokes, rim, tube and tire. And every element plays a role. The lighter the wheel, the less load you put into pushing the bike.

Sleeve quality. With the same wheel weights, different hubs can roll differently. It is very easy to check this. One has only to turn the bike over and turn the wheel by hand. The longer the wheel spins, the better the hub works. Best used with industrial bearing bushings.

Chamber pressure. The harder the wheel, the easier it is to ride on smooth surfaces.

Weight of the bike. The greater the weight of the bike, as well as the weight of the wheels, requires more strength to ride. That’s why professional sports models are made from lightweight yet durable carbon.

Frame material. The stiffer the frame, the better the roll. Most often, bicycles are made of aluminum. This is the most durable material. Many manufacturers also artificially reduce the weight of the aluminum frame by creating light models.

Bicycle depreciation. often than not, shock absorbers only get in the way when driving on smooth roads. However, on rough terrain, they will be a good helper.

How does the type of bike affect speed??

The geometry of the frame, the size of the wheels, the width of the handlebars, the weight of the parts. all this not only affects the riding speed, but also determines the type of bike and the purpose for which the bike should be used. We will tell you about the most popular models, their properties and possible speed.

The city (walking) bike is designed for riding on a flat road or a relatively smooth forest path. The frame geometry is not designed for too high speeds, as it is used for comfortable walks with family or friends. You can often find walking bicycles with a low frame. for women. There are also models with speed switches, which allows you to set the desired gear on a certain section of the road. These bicycles do not weigh much. an average of about 14 kg. They can reach speeds of up to 23 km / h, and the average speed will remain within 12-17 km / h in the city and about 20 km / h on the highway.

The geometry of the road bike (road) is designed specifically for high-speed riding. The main design features are a very high frame parallel to the ground, narrow rims and tires, and a narrow handlebar with special handles. You should ride a highway with your chest pressed against the steering wheel as much as possible. This bike is more aerodynamic, so it is easier to develop and maintain an average speed of 28-33 km / h on it.

MTB bicycles (mountain). There are many types of mountain bikes with different characteristics, weights and geometries. The main purpose of MTB is cross-country riding. Most mountain bikes use a front shock absorber in the form of a soft fork. Less common are the so-called double-suspension. bicycles with front and rear shock absorbers. There are transmissions. These bicycles weigh from 13 to 27 kg, depending on the configuration and profile purpose. The steering wheel of the MTV is wide, the wheels are large with wide tires. Since the tread on these bikes is aggressive, the average highway speed is around 25 km / h. If you change tires for slicks, the speed increases by 3-4 km / h. In rough terrain, the speed is usually between 10 and 15 km / h.

What speed can you develop on a bike??

It is worth remembering that many factors affect the speed of the bike, which we will discuss a little later. In general terms, the average speed that an ordinary amateur can maintain on a straight line fluctuates in the range of 25-30 km / h on a road bike and below. 20 km / h on a mountain bike. At the same time, the maximum speed in a straight line can reach 40 and 30 km / h, respectively.

Cyclist speed

Cycling. one of the most widespread sports of our century. Rooted in the distant 19th century, it does not lose its popularity among amateurs to this day. This is facilitated not only by the desire to be healthy and strong, but also by the variety of types and directions of riding, from walking bicycles to stunt disciplines BMX and MTB. Among fans, road and city bikes are in great demand, which are versatile in use and are able to reach maximum speeds.

Olympic speed records

Of course, the fitness of professionals is very different from that of amateurs. However, there are people who have distinguished themselves among athletes. The absolute speed record for cycling is 268 km / h, but under certain conditions. Record holder Fred Rompelberg drove across the salt plain behind a car with a fairing that not only eliminated air resistance, but also created a vortex that pulled Fred with him. The record for the maximum speed when descending from a mountain on an MTB bike is 210 km / h. In 1984, a record was set for driving in a straight line with an average speed of more than 50 km / h and this figure has not yet been broken.