What is the Maximum Speed ​​of a Bike

Cycle days. Not a day without a bike!

Cyclist speed

A cyclist’s speed can be influenced by a variety of factors. Let’s try to figure out what affects the speed of a cyclist.

Tires: width, presence of a tread and its shape.

On hard tires best of all rolls narrow smooth rubber without a pattern, worst of all. a wide tire with large, widely spaced furious spikes. On gravel, in sand and in soft ground, it is different. You can’t really roll over stones in faces.

Chamber pressure.

The higher the pressure in the tire, the better the roll over hard surface. There is some optimal pressure for soil and rubble, usually found experimentally.

Lightness of wheels.

This is an element that you constantly push while driving. The importance of the weight of the components is as follows: tires cameras rim knitting needles bushings. The lighter, the less energy is spent on accelerating the bike. The weight of the tire, tube and rim greatly affects the dynamics of acceleration (ease of acceleration).

Wheel diameter.

The larger the diameter, the better the rolls, 29 ” 26 ″. Large wheel overcomes uneven road more easily.

Resistances arising in a mechanical system.

Wear of the running gear very much worsens rolling, dirty and not lubricated chain.

Quality and condition of wheel hubs.

Worn bushings make more forces to move. Best rolling bushings I’ve tried. Shimano XTR.

Geometric bike settings.

With a low saddle and a wide handlebar, you won’t go quickly and far (or it will be very difficult and traumatic for your knees).

Bike weight.

It manifests itself during acceleration and on the rise. The steeper and longer the rise, the more it manifests itself. The lighter the bike, the easier to ride. But on the descent, the heavier, the faster the cyclist in the city. Here is my cousin on Avalanch, usually coasting downhill makes me easy 🙂

Starting from a speed of 25-27 km / h, air resistance begins to affect significantly. If the wind is head-on, then from 10-15 km / h.

The narrower the steering wheel and lower the landing, the easier it is to ride. But until a certain point. In general, the optimal ratio of all parameters influencing the speed of the cyclist is different for each case.

Shock absorbers can significantly affect the roll for the worse, less often. improve.

They worsen. on smooth asphalt, improve. on hard roads with small irregularities, pressed stones, etc. A suspension fork is a must have in town. It will not significantly affect the speed of the bike.

Frame geometry.

Yes, it is in last place in terms of the degree of influence on driving performance among the parameters listed above. It is important that it matches your anatomy and focus on fast driving. It is difficult to pedal effectively on a short frame.

With regard to the figures for the average speed of a cyclist. I’m going to Simferopol, from the descent on the usual road to work for 20 minutes. It’s almost 10 km. At the same time, the average average speed of a cyclist in Endomondo is 27-28 km per hour. When I drive back, the average speed becomes approximately 20 km per hour. If we take long distances, then 200 kilometers I was driving at an average speed of 16 kilometers per hour, during Brevet. Including all stops. I consider myself quite an average cyclist.

The world record for cycling speed was set in 1995. 50-year-old Fred Rompelberg from the Netherlands managed to accelerate to (attention!) 268 kilometers per hour! I wrote more about this speed record here. http://moy.bike/fred-rompelberg-i-mirovoy-rekord-skorosti-na-velosipede/ It was the cyclist’s maximum speed!

On downhill skiing, the world record of 212 kilometers per hour was set in the same 1995 by the Frenchman Christian Taillefer. A run-in ice ski slope in France served as a cover. A special flat futuristic frame with a flat handlebar, an integrated saddle and a fork that does not reduce the speed helped to reduce air resistance.

For a mountain bike, the speed record is 130 kilometers per hour. It was also installed by a Frenchman. Eric Baron. on the slopes of an extinct volcano in Nicaragua.

The record for speed and endurance was the result of the athlete Francesco Moser. In 1984, he was able to keep the speed of 50 km / h for an hour without slowing down for a second. Until now, the record is considered the height of human capabilities.

Record average speeds at the Tour de France:

41.654 km / h. Lance Armstrong (2005)

40,784. Oscar Pereiro (2006)

40,553. Lance Armstrong (2004)

40,492. Carlos Sastre (2008)

On descents, riders reach speeds of up to 90 km / h. The average speed of the mountain stages is 36-38 km / h, and on the plains the participants squeeze up to 50 km / h.

In general, all the talk about the average speed of a cyclist is like an anecdote about the average temperature in a hospital. An absolutely stupid value. Ride your bike at the speed you need and take care of yourself!

Cyclist speed: 5 comments

Hello! Let me make a few critical comments on your article. 1. Record 50 km. in an hour it was blocked several times, and the current record with a relatively small difference was set quite recently. 2. The record of “horseradish from the mountain” on a scooter with pedals, it seems to me personally an outright lie, because even for parachutists, for example, the maximum speed is from 190 km / h with the maximum air resistance when they fall flat, to 240 km / h with diving “fish” or “soldier”. 4. The same “(not yet) records” can be considered as 3 seconds in a vacuum bag, and when accelerating to the required speed, holding on to the car with your hands! And also underrecord on a frenzied jet scooter with pedals. 3. The speed record in a streamlined bike (when starting from zero km / h) was recently set in the USA and is

134 km / h on a length

200 meters of accelerated bike path. 4. Lance Armstrong was caught doping back in 1999. And so, in 2012, on two hundred pages of the investigation report, Lance Armstrong’s guilt was irrefutably proven. All of his victories in the Tour de France were won with doping! 5. It is also necessary to mention the Greek Olympian, who flew on a bicycle plane along the route of the mythological Icarus and Daedalus over the water! This is truly a feat! PS: I agree with the main conclusion of the article: ride for pleasure, and records are set by people with lash like Schwarzenegger’s and have been cycling almost all their lives from an early age!

What is the maximum speed you can develop on a bike and how to do it?

Few of us can perceive a bicycle as a high-speed vehicle. Offhand, if you ask a question about the maximum speed of a trained cyclist, you can name a figure of about 60 km / h. And then, most likely, meaning athletes at any prestigious cycling competition. Is this so. we learn from the following article.

What affects speed?

There are quite a few different factors that influence the speed of a cyclist. But the main ones, according to experts, are the preparedness and physical capabilities of a person sitting behind the wheel of a bicycle.

In addition to those mentioned (human factor and bike type), there are other conditions that affect speed. We list and briefly characterize them.

  • The type of terrain on which the cyclist moves. Plains, rough terrain (continuous descents, ascents, sharp turns), mountainous areas, rural or urban conditions. all these factors affect the average cycling speed. In urban conditions, on asphalt roads, the average speed of movement cannot be higher than that which can be developed even on a dirt flat road in rural areas. Traffic lights, pedestrians, cars in city conditions rarely allow an average speed to be developed above 10-12 km / h.
  • Road surface. This factor is understandable without words. on the highway, even an ordinary person can accelerate to a speed of 20 km / h and hold it for a long time, but on a sandy or gravel road it is almost impossible to do this.
  • Technical condition of the vehicle. Of course, a brand new bike with fresh lubrication and shock absorption is much faster than its counterpart from the last century with a chain periodically falling from the stars and a pedal mechanism creaking from dryness.
  • The degree of inflation and wear of the wheel tires. Traction also affects the average speed of the bike. High-quality and optimally inflated tires facilitate and provide faster acceleration of the vehicle both from a standstill and in the direction of travel, if you need to increase the speed. In addition, less energy is spent on the cyclist, he is less tired and therefore will be able to keep a good speed longer.
  • Tire compliance with road surface. On hard surfaces, it is best to ride on wheels with narrow tires, and on soft surfaces with wide tires.
  • Windage. With an increase in speed of more than 10 km / h, air resistance increases and the degree of its resistance increases sharply with each subsequent kilometer of speed. And if there is also a headwind, then the cyclist has to spend a lot of physical strength on high-speed movement.
  • Wheel diameter. The smaller the wheels, the weaker the acceleration of the bike with the same physical exertion of a person on the ride as on a bike with large wheels.

Opportunities for an untrained cyclist

The ability of such a person with a road bike to develop speed is usually limited to 15-18 kilometers per hour, which he can hold on a straight road for quite a long time. If necessary, on the highway, he is subject to a short-term speed of the order of 22-25 km / h, especially on the slope down.

If an unprepared person sits on a sports bike, then even in the most favorable conditions for acceleration, he will hardly be able to even reach a speed of 40 km / h for a short time, maximum. 32-35. He simply does not have enough knowledge of the technique of high-speed cycling. At the same time, a sports road bike under an experienced biker develops a speed of about 80 km / h.

Records

People tend to be attracted to achieving records in their favorite pastime, especially if this activity is sports. So in high-speed cycling, the champions are primarily the athletes-cyclists. Speed ​​records were set, most likely, at all stages of the history of the development of cycling technology, but they became registered either at official sports competitions, or they were made out as part of individual events with the special purpose of setting a record.

Consider what bike speed records are known today.

  • Charles Murphy (California, USA) in 1899 set the record for the maximum speed on a bicycle. The achievement was the mark at the level of 100.2 km / h. At the same time, the cyclist moved behind the train, which ensured a decrease in the influence of air resistance on the result.
  • In Los Angeles in 1937, a record was set for cycling at a speed of 139 km / h. It was written by Albert Marquet. He moved behind a car with a special awning at the back (they also escaped the influence of air resistance).
  • 5 years later (in 1942) after the last record in the same state of California, a new record for the highest speed was set by the record holder Alf Letourne, moving on an improved bike behind a racing car. He developed a speed of 175 km / h.
  • The fastest cyclist is the Dutchman Fred Rompelberg, who managed to reach a speed of 268.83 km / h on a bicycle. At the same time, he was behind a racing car with a fairing, which provided a kind of airless space for the record holder moving behind him. In addition, the bicycle was redesigned and would hardly have found use in everyday life. It happened in 1995.
  • In 2005, the Czech athlete O. Sosenka developed the speed on the cycle track in Krylatskoye up to 59.7 km / h and kept this speed for 1 hour (the international record for maintaining speed). As you can see, along with reaching the maximum speed, there are also records for maintaining it. From this record it becomes clear that for 1 hour no one has yet been able to keep the bicycle speed above 59.7 km / h.
  • Dutchman Sebastian Bowyer set a speed record of 133.78 km / h on a bicycle with a fairing in 2013. True, the bike was also not quite ordinary, as in the case of Fred Rompelberg’s record.

How to improve the speed indicator?

In order to gain the maximum possible speed on a bike, you should adhere to the recommendations based on the basic rules of maintaining cycling and expert advice.

  • Carry out timely maintenance of your vehicle: lubrication, cleaning from dirt, replacing worn parts, and so on.
  • Before each drive, check the tire pressure and bring this parameter back to the standard specified in the product data sheet.
  • Change tires depending on the degree of wear.
  • The brakes must always be adjusted.
  • Adjust the seat and handlebars to the optimal fit on the bike.
  • When driving at high speed, improve aerodynamics by maximizing the forward tilt of the body and lowering the height of the steering wheel.
  • Train your own physical strength and endurance regularly. This requires daily trips over distances of at least 20 km one way.
  • Learn the technique of high-speed cycling and apply it in practice.
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If everything that is recommended above is done exactly, then after a month or two you can feel the first significant changes both in your body and in the speed of cycling. And this will be your first personal best.

Bicycle speed record history see below.

What is the maximum speed you can develop on a bike?

A bicycle is a simple, environmentally friendly and durable transport. It is set in motion by the muscular strength of its owner. In the classical sense, the faster the feet pedal, the higher the speed. Unfortunately, human capabilities are severely limited, even in comparison with old models of internal combustion engines, which is why the bicycle is ranked among low-speed vehicles.

In everyday life, the average speed of cyclists is not high: from 15 to 25 km / h. Maximum speed is an indicator of the limit of possibilities for both the bicycle and the person. It is very difficult to say unequivocally what it will be, as it is tied to many factors: bike design, technical condition, physical fitness of a person and aerodynamics.

Taking into account all the negative effects on the dynamics of movement and excellent sports training, you can accelerate the bike to speeds comparable to those of a car. And some of the champions have crossed this line too.

Absolute records

The Dutchman Fred Rompelberg firmly established the highest cycling speed. The race was organized on the Salt Plain in Utah, USA in 1995. The record holder managed to accelerate the bike to 268 km / h. Of course, we thoroughly prepared to achieve this result. the maximum gear ratio of the transmission, ideal weather and road conditions, the endurance of the athlete and the “air bag” of the racing car in front.

1995 was also marked by the world record for the speed of a bicycle downhill. Then, in France, the famous downhiller Christian Taillefer was able to get off the mountain on two wheels and reach a value of 212 km / h! The difficulty of the record was that a knurled ski track was prepared for the descent. And driving a bike and, moreover, driving it at such a speed in these conditions is simply from the realm of fantasy.!

The maximum possible speed that the mountain bike was able to develop is 130 km / h. The record was set while descending a volcanic slope in Nicaragua. The credit goes to the French cyclist Eric Baron.

In the last decade, the bike has managed to accelerate to 210 km / h. The record was set in 2010 by Markus Stolz in the Chilean mountains. A year earlier, the highest speed was recorded on a semi-closed liguerade. more than 130 km / h.

Bicycle speed capabilities

Since each type of bike is tailored for specific conditions of use, the maximum speed limit for each of them will also differ. The concept of “maximum speed” is also ambiguous. For some, these are just cherished numbers that flashed once on a computer. For others, this will not be enough, and the speed barrier for them is not just a number, but the ability to stay in this state for some time. There are those who do not strive for records in practice, but they are just interested in what speed can be developed on their bike.

Singlespeed is a city bike that rides like a cyclist pedals hard. It’s not worth waiting for some transcendental dynamics from a single transmission, even on an ideal straight line. Of course, the city bike can reach impressive speeds of 25. 30 km / h on flat areas. But it is almost impossible to move further:

  • high air resistance is created by the body;
  • the bike weighs quite a lot;
  • pushing force disappears (pedals are untwisted).

The best performance is given by the “unbraked” bike of the FIX model, which has no free wheeling. Thanks to the mutual spinning of the pedals and the wheel, it is much easier to keep the speed on the “fixed”. On such a bike, you can accelerate to 40 km / h and even catch up with the car. However, one should not overestimate the possibilities great. To achieve such speed indicators, you will also need colossal endurance.

For mountain bikes, speed doesn’t always come first. But the cross-country ability, stability and amortization of MTB must be ensured. This does not mean that a mountain bike is not capable of delivering good speeds. Even a simple bike of this class can accelerate over 30 km / h, taking into account the preparedness of the cyclist, the correct ratio of gears and technical condition.

Road bike. Here, high dynamics and maneuverability come first. The specific fit, lightness and strength of the construction give everything to get the most out of the bike. In general, road bikes are mainly bicycles of a sports direction, so speeds of 60 and 70 km / h are quite real here. In ordinary life, on a highway, it will be possible to overtake MTBs and, moreover, an ordinary one is large, but above 40 km / h without long training it will not work.

How to speed up your bike

In order for the great to roll quickly, give positive and not take a lot of energy, you need to follow a few simple and effective rules:

  • keep the bike clean;
  • carry out complex lubrication;
  • monitor the pressure in the wheels;
  • adjust the brakes;
  • customize the fit;
  • train strength and endurance.

A large amount of dirt and dust not only impedes the movement of the bicycle, but also worsens the condition of all its mechanisms. Moving parts. bushings, carriage, chain, sprockets. require both cleanliness and timely lubrication.

What kind of driving with flat tires can be? Moderately inflated tires combine optimal roll-off length, contact patch and off-road capability. The increase in speed is achieved by pumping the chambers. Advantages: shorter acceleration time, increased roll-off. Disadvantages: deterioration of traction, risk of puncture of the tube, heavy wear of the middle of the tires. That is, this method is only good when driving on perfectly flat asphalt.

Unadjusted brakes can interfere with movement. This applies equally to discs and V-brakes. The distance from the pads to the disc or rim should be kept to a minimum. The pads must be positioned so that when braking they completely lie on the braking surface.

Landing determines not only the ease of control, but also what speed the cyclist will develop. You can increase aerodynamics by reducing the “windage”: the body is more inclined towards the frame, and the handlebars are located below the saddle.

And of course, endurance and a well-developed respiratory system are of great importance. Simple physical exercises, daily skating will help strengthen your overall physical condition and prepare for a new speed record.

What speed can you develop on a bike? Maximum cycling speed

The mechanism of the bicycle is set in motion by the physical efforts of the rider and the gearbox. therefore, the speed directly depends on various factors: the speed of pedaling and the power of the speed system. To the question “what is the maximum speed you can develop on a bicycle?” It is impossible to answer, since the maximum speed directly depends on the limit of a person’s ability and the technical condition of the bike.

If we take the average version, then the speed can develop up to 60 km / h. But in history there are cases when the speed of the bike exceeded the automobile milestone.

Record speed

The maximum speed recorded while cycling is an absolute record:

    The highest result in the history of cycling was shown by François Gissy. The cyclist accelerated to 333 km / h. The high-speed car, which started at the same time as Gissy, was left far behind the athlete’s bike.

The second place rightfully belongs to the Dutchman Rompelberg, who rode his bike at a speed of 268 kilometers per hour through the salt desert of Utah in America.

In 2017, the French athlete Eric Baron finished his career beautifully during a downhill from the Alpine peaks. “Red Baron” accelerated to almost 228 km / h, thereby breaking its own record in 2002.

The principle of acceleration

Several factors influence the development of the speed limit:

For hard trails, narrow, smooth rubber tires without a pattern are most suitable. wide studded tires are the most unsuitable for smooth roads.

And gravel, sand and soft primer require studs and wide rubber. Pebbles and stones are not at all suited for cycling.

Read a separate article about the choice and types of bicycle tires.

Tire pressure level.

An important role in the development of speed is played by pressure. the higher it is, the more optimal the roll on flat and hard surfaces.

Unpaved and gravel tracks require a series of experiments to find the best result.

Wheel weight also affects speed. The less rims, spokes, bushings, tires and tubes weigh, the less energy is spent on accelerating the bike, which means that a minimum of effort is invested for a fast ride.

Wheel diameter indicators.

The larger the diameter, the higher the development of speed and overcoming all unevenness of the road. Optimal diameter from 29 inches.

High resistance in the mechanical system of the rear transmission and poorly lubricated chain reduces the speed of the wheel.

Condition and specifications of bushings.

Hub wear requires more effort when pedaling.

Landing, handlebar width, weather conditions, shock absorber and other related factors also affect ride speed.

Average bike capabilities

The hard-to-reach record inspires any extreme riding enthusiast. To measure the speed level, mechanical speedometers were previously installed on vehicles, at this time inexpensive electronic bike computers are available that record the speed of movement, route duration, driving pace, energy consumption, average speed and other useful information.

Average cycling speed can be as high as 50 km / h on a road bike on an asphalt road.

The higher the physical fitness and technical skills of the rider, and the equipment of the bike, the faster the ride: a trained cyclist can safely reach speeds of up to 110 km / h.

When city pokatushki it is necessary to follow the traffic rules: bypass cars; slow down at intersections, before entering bends and pedestrian crossings, while the speed limit cannot exceed 25 km.

The road bike develops a high speed on asphalt road, but it is not recommended for fast city driving due to the low seating position of the cyclist, poor visibility and skidding during fast braking.

Mountain bikes are more suitable for high-speed driving in urban conditions, although they roll more slowly on flat surfaces, they are more preferable for safe high-speed driving in populated areas.

The mountain bike is also suitable for urban racing: the wide handlebars make it easy to maneuver on the road, and the wide tires have excellent grip on the asphalt surface, which allows you to stop instantly.

Riding on rough objects does not allow the development of a speed of more than 35 km / h on any bike, this is due to the frequent pits, bumps and sandy roads, which significantly reduce the speed.

On forest paths, the highest speed can reach only 15 km / h.

How to increase the speed indicator?

To accelerate coasting and speed when cycling, you should follow the basic rules:

  • Keep the bike in perfect order, clean it from dirt;
  • Continuously lubricate all parts;
  • Monitor the indicator of pressure in the wheels;
  • Adjust the brake system;
  • Optimally align the fit of the seat and steering wheel;
  • Personal physical training to increase endurance and physical strength.

Dust and dirt on the bike parts interferes with proper ride and deforms the mechanism. Absolutely all moving parts: carriages, bushings, sprockets, chains require careful maintenance, cleanliness and constant lubrication.

Moderately inflated wheels also guarantee a good level of rolls, contact with the track and increased cross-country ability on difficult sections.

When pumping the wheels, the speed increases, but there is a risk of tire rupture and loss of balance due to insufficient traction, therefore, you should ride on the pumped wheels only after long training and with the highest level of bike control.

Poorly adjusted brakes can also interfere with the bike’s top speed, including disc systems and vibration racks.

The very distance between the pad and disc or rim mechanisms should be scanty. The pads must be positioned so that when braking they adhere closely to the surface.

The very fit on the bike determines the convenience in transport control, therefore, it directly affects the possible speed of movement development.

Increased aerodynamics can be accomplished by increasing the tilt to the body and lowering the level of the steering wheel relative to the seat.

Finally, a video with a speed record on a jet bike:

Cycling speed record. Maximum speed

What is the maximum speed a person can reach while cycling? There are many records achieved in different conditions, in different situations and at different times.

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Cycling speed

An ordinary untrained person, not in a hurry, on a city highway can move at a speed of about 12-15 km per hour, if we take into account both the descents and ascents of the road. This value is taken as the average speed of the bike.

A slightly exercising person on a bicycle with certain amenities (for example, toe clips, gear shifters, good brakes) are able to move faster. at a speed of 30 km / h.

And if the same person is transplanted onto a lightweight road bike, for example, without rear and front fenders, then on the most flat area he will be able to accelerate it to 40 km / h and continue to hold this speed for several minutes.

There are not only speed records for cycling, but also world records for keeping speed. In 2005, on the famous cycle track in Krylatskoye, the representative of the Czech Republic, O. Sosenka, kept the achieved speed (49.7 km / h) on the bike for 60 minutes. He was unable to maintain the 50 km / h speed due to the fact that his bike had only one gear and a rather high saddle. Such a record is difficult in terms of wear and tear.

On good roads, you can safely maintain a high speed of 60-70 km / h on a 9 km descent, even on heavy mountain bikes. It turns out that these values ​​should be taken as the maximum speed for ordinary amateur cyclists.

How it all began?

Cyclist Jose Meifret set the world speed record on a bicycle (204.73 km / h) in 1962 in Friedberg (Germany). And everything began even earlier. Since the inception of the bike, there have been many attempts to achieve maximum riding speed.

Perhaps it is worth talking about the most significant and important records in the history of the development of this sport, and of transport itself.

In 1899, Charles Murphy, after practicing for about 2 months, decided to set the speed record for driving on Long Island on the railroad. To do this, it was necessary to attach one car to a steam locomotive and equip it with a cap so that the cyclist could hide from the wind. At first, due to the mistake of Murphy himself, he lagged behind the train, but then he nevertheless caught up with him. Thus, in June 1899, a record for the maximum speed was set. It was 100.2 km / h.

The next bicycle speed record was only set in 1937. This happened in Los Angeles (California). Record holder Albert Marquet moved behind the car, which was also equipped with a fabric frame for the cyclist to move inside it. His record was 139 km / h.

Within 5 years, in 1942, a new record was set (again in California). And in this case, the car in front was a racing car, and the bike was improved. At that time, the record holder Alf Letourne had the highest speed on a bicycle.

maximum, speed, bike

The record was recorded at around 175 km / h. But the world achievements did not end there.

Records. World record for cycling speed

The absolute record for cycling speed was set in 1995. Its value is 268.8 km / h. This was accomplished by the Dutchman Fred Rompelberg. The record was important and valuable not only for the cyclist, since he turned 50 that year.

This event took place on the track in Utah (USA). It represented the ideal flat surface of an ancient lake (salt), this is the Bonneville Plain. And the bike was specially equipped (the gear ratio was significantly increased and a special transmission system to the rear sprocket). And, as always, a car was moving in front of him, which also created a zone of reduced pressure behind itself.

Mountain bike speed record

Descents from the mountain can also be under different conditions: on an ice surface and on a dirt surface. Therefore, the records are separated.

On a winter track on a mountain bike, with excellent transport equipment (excellent bike aerodynamics, aerodynamic equipment), the speed record on a bicycle is firmly held by the athlete Eric Baron. In 2000, in the Alps (April 12), he accelerated his bike to 222 km / h.

Despite the fact that he went down the mountain, his record was lower than the absolute one (F. Rompelberg). And yet it must be taken into account that air resistance during descent increased more and more, and vibration intensified, worsening the stability of the vehicle. This vibration prevented him from setting a record on a gravel descent (sad finish).

Two years later, on the slope of the Sierra Negro, the same athlete took 3rd place, after the previous own second, literally “driving” about 400 meters down the gravel. It was a real hell for a cyclist: at the end of this terrible interval, the maximum speed of the bike reached 210.4 kilometers per hour, and his bike literally burst.

Good training, competent protection and a high-quality helmet helped the Baron survive in such a deadly situation.

There is no limit to human and technical capabilities. A person will always strive to conquer new heights.

What speed can you develop on a bike?

A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle, and each vehicle has its own speed. Often asked what speed can you develop on a bike? To answer this question, you need to understand that there is an average and maximum speed. Average speed is the speed that is calculated based on the sum of all speeds divided by the number of speed marks. (Suppose you were moving from point A to point B, on the way you have ups and downs, it is clear that the speed will be different during the ascent and descent. In total, your speedometer recorded 5 speed marks 30 km, 20 km, 25 km, 40 km, 10 km, respectively, you need to add all the speeds 3020254010 = 125 and divide by the number of speed marks, we have 5 of them, we divide 125 by 5 we get an average speed of 25 km per hour). Maximum speed is the highest point recorded when driving from point A to point B, in our example it is 40 km.

If we talk about the average speed of an ordinary cyclist. an amateur, it will be 18-22 km / h, of course there are many factors that affect this indicator, such as wind direction and speed, road conditions, surface relief, distances, etc. also a lot depends on the physical fitness of the cyclist and of course on the bike.

Professional athletes can travel at an average speed of over 50 km / h, and over 100 km / h when descending.

Cycling speed records.

As for the maximum speed, there are official records. At the moment, the maximum speed reached on a bicycle is 268 km / h., Fred Rompelberg set this record in 1995, then he was 50 years old. Of course, his bike was specially designed to achieve this speed, he moved behind the sports car to which the dome was attached, but so far no one has broken this record.

One of the first who officially decided to set a speed record on a bicycle was a certain Charles M. Murphy on June 30, 1899, he trained for two whole months before that day. As a result, he developed a speed of 100.2 km / h, he was driving on the railway in Long Island behind a train, to which a dome was also attached.

The next record belongs to Albert Marche, who in 1937 is located in Los Angeles, California. He moved not behind the train, but behind the car, which was equipped with a fabric frame for the cyclist to be inside it. Then he developed a top speed of 139 km / h.

And in 1942 a new record was set, also in California. In this case, the car was a racing car, and the leading star on the bike was so large that it practically touched the ground. Alf Letourne, driving behind a racing car, was able to reach a speed of 175 km / h.

There are also other speed records set on a bicycle.

French rider Eric Baron, set a record going down the slopes of the volcano for this he used a mountain bike. The speed was 130 km / h.

Well, the world speed record for downhill cycling belongs to the Frenchman Christian Tylerfer. He descended from the ski base on a special bicycle, which was equipped in such a way that the force of air resistance was greatly reduced. He also had a fully fitted suit. In this case, a speed of 212 km / h was reached.

In order to measure the speed of a bicycle, there are many possibilities and bicycle speedometers and applications for smartphones. The main thing is to be careful on the roads.

What speed can you develop on a bike? Velobaggio

The mechanism of the bicycle is set in motion by the physical efforts of the rider and the gearbox. therefore, the speed directly depends on various factors: the pedaling speed and the power of the speed system. It is impossible to answer the question “what is the maximum speed that can be developed on a bicycle”, since the maximum speed is directly dependent on the limit of a person’s ability and the technical condition of the bicycle.

If we take the average version, then the speed can develop up to 60 km / h. But in history there are cases when the speed of the bike exceeded the automobile milestone.

Record speed

What was the maximum speed recorded while cycling. an absolute record:

  • The highest result in the history of cycling was shown by François Gissy. The cyclist accelerated to 333 km / h. The high-speed car, which started at the same time as Gissy, was left far behind the athlete’s bike.
  • The second place rightfully belongs to the Dutchman Rompelberg, who rode his bike at a speed of 268 kilometers per hour through the salt desert of Utah in America.
  • In 2017, the French athlete Eric Baron finished his career beautifully during a downhill from the Alpine peaks. “Red Baron” accelerated to almost 228 km / h, thereby breaking its own record in 2002.

The principle of acceleration

Several factors influence the development of the speed limit:

For hard trails, narrow, smooth rubber tires without a pattern are most suitable. wide studded tires are the most unsuitable for smooth roads.

And gravel, sand and soft primer require studs and wide rubber. Pebbles and stones are not at all suited for cycling.

Read a separate article about the choice and types of bicycle tires.

An important role in the development of speed is played by pressure. the higher it is, the more optimal the roll on flat and hard surfaces.

Unpaved and gravel tracks require a series of experiments to find the best result.

Wheel weight also affects speed. The less rims, spokes, bushings, tires and tubes weigh, the less energy is spent on accelerating the bike, which means that a minimum of effort is invested for a fast ride.

The larger the diameter, the higher the development of speed and overcoming all unevenness of the road. Optimal diameter from 29 inches.

High resistance in the mechanical system of the rear transmission and poorly lubricated chain reduces the speed of the wheel.

Hub wear requires more effort when pedaling.

Landing, handlebar width, weather conditions, shock absorber and other related factors also affect ride speed.

Average bike capabilities

The hard-to-reach record inspires any extreme riding enthusiast. To measure the speed level, mechanical speedometers were previously installed on vehicles, at this time inexpensive electronic bike computers are available that record the speed of movement, route duration, driving pace, energy consumption, average speed and other useful information.

Average cycling speed can be as high as 50 km / h on a road bike on an asphalt road.

The higher the physical fitness and technical skills of the rider, and the equipment of the bike, the faster the ride: a trained cyclist can safely reach speeds of up to 110 km / h.

When city pokatushki it is necessary to follow the traffic rules: bypass cars; slow down at intersections, before entering bends and pedestrian crossings, while the speed limit cannot exceed 25 km.

The road bike develops a high speed on asphalt road, but it is not recommended for fast city driving due to the low seating position of the cyclist, poor visibility and skidding during fast braking.

Mountain bikes are more suitable for high-speed driving in urban conditions, although they roll more slowly on flat surfaces, they are more preferable for safe high-speed driving in populated areas.

The mountain bike is also suitable for urban racing: the wide handlebars make it easy to maneuver on the road, and the wide tires have excellent grip on the asphalt surface, which allows you to stop instantly.

Riding on rough objects does not allow the development of a speed of more than 35 km / h on any bike, this is due to the frequent pits, bumps and sandy roads, which significantly reduce the speed.

On forest paths, the highest speed can reach only 15 km / h.

How to increase the speed indicator?

To accelerate coasting and speed when cycling, you should follow the basic rules:

  • Keep the bike in perfect order, clean it from dirt;
  • Continuously lubricate all parts;
  • Monitor the indicator of pressure in the wheels;
  • Adjust the brake system;
  • Optimally align the fit of the seat and steering wheel;
  • Personal physical training to increase endurance and physical strength.

Dust and dirt on the bike parts interferes with proper ride and deforms the mechanism. Absolutely all moving parts: carriages, bushings, sprockets, chains require careful maintenance, cleanliness and constant lubrication.

READ  Replacing The Rear Wheel On A Bike With Speeds

Moderately inflated wheels also guarantee a good level of rolls, contact with the track and increased cross-country ability on difficult sections.

When pumping the wheels, the speed increases, but there is a risk of tire rupture and loss of balance due to insufficient traction, therefore, you should ride on the pumped wheels only after long training and with the highest level of bike control.

Poorly adjusted brakes can also interfere with the bike’s top speed, including disc systems and vibration racks.

The very distance between the pad and disc or rim mechanisms should be scanty. The pads must be positioned so that when braking they adhere closely to the surface.

The very fit on the bike determines the convenience in transport control, therefore, it directly affects the possible speed of movement development. Increased aerodynamics can be accomplished by increasing the tilt to the body and lowering the level of the steering wheel relative to the seat.

Finally, a video with a speed record on a jet bike:

educational program from the amateur estimata

For a beginner about the basics in the field of extreme and emergency situations, survival, tourism. It will also be useful for fishermen, hunters and other lovers of nature and outdoor activities.

Friday 10 August 2018.

What is the average cycling speed

Edited 06/20/2020

When riding bicycles, it is sometimes necessary to calculate the speed at which you can reach.

Average bike speed by terrain

Average bike speed in the city

It is difficult to develop high speed in the city: there are many road users. The cyclist usually only has to move along the roads, pressing against their right side, in the general stream of cars. You have to be doubly careful not to accidentally fall under the wheels.

The average speed also depends on how often intersections with traffic lights are on the way, as well as on the degree of traffic congestion. Traffic jams are not scary for a cyclist, but often it becomes necessary to maneuver among cars. But in small cities with not very dense traffic, it is already easier to accelerate.

Depending on all these conditions, the average speed of a cyclist in urban conditions ranges from 10 to 15-17 km / h. If the city can boast of the presence of bicycle paths, then it increases to 15-17 km / h. Provided, of course, that they are used for their intended purpose, and pedestrians do not move along them.

Average bike speed on the track

On the highway, the average speed increases due to the absence of traffic lights and pedestrian crossings. It depends on the quality of the road surface and the type of bike. Small, city-specific models are unlikely to exceed the 20 km / h mark. But if we take into account ordinary universal bicycles, then we can talk about an average speed of 20-25 km / h. On the road, you can accelerate to 28-32 km / h, but only experienced cyclists with excellent physical fitness can maintain a higher speed.

Average bike speed over rough terrain

Concept “rugged terrain” has a rather abstract character. It can include both off-road rather comfortable for driving and valleys teeming with ravines. Therefore, the difference between the minimum and maximum speed limits is large: from 5 to 15 km / h.

Average speed depending on the type of bike

Road bicycles. City bicycles. Road bikes. MTB bicycles (mountain). Hybrid

Speed ​​on the highway. about 25-28 km / h, off-road. about 10 km / h

Factors affecting speed

That is why every cyclist should carefully consider and take them into account.

Cyclist training

The speed of movement most of all depends on the physical strength and endurance of the cyclist. The cyclist’s experience influences riding speed more than the choice of bike type. On the highway, an experienced mountain bike rider will be able to stay on the trail of novice road bike riders, maintaining a higher speed even uphill. At short distances of about 10 km, everyone can develop an average speed of 18 km / h, including adolescents from 12-14 years old. A more experienced cyclist who travels more than one thousand kilometers a year will travel the same distance twice as fast. He has higher physical strength, better riding technique and, as a rule, a better bike. Such people, thanks to trained endurance, can maintain a speed of about 30 km / h, at a distance of 100 km on the highway. At such distances, the average cyclist (who rides about 20-50 hours a month or 1-2 hours a day) rarely travels, or does not ride at all.

Tire pressure

As for the tread, almost bare rubber is suitable for the city, studded for the primer. The reverse situation is fraught with huge problems when driving.

Weight and wheel size

It is worth being aware that nothing affects the dynamics of acceleration like the weight of the wheels.

“Eight” wheels. General bike geometry and aerodynamics

You can completely get rid of the pressure of the oncoming air only by driving into an air bag, under the protection of a bus or truck in front. But it is very dangerous to sit behind a bus or a truck, as they can brake or turn sharply when going around a pit

The total mass of the bike. Weather

By the way, bicycle wheels, which have blades instead of spokes, suffer greatly from side wind.

Bicycle speed records

The maximum speed at the velodrome is 51.151 km / h. In a race on a track in Mexico City, Italian athlete Francesco Moser in 1984 covered a distance of 51,151 km in one hour. This result is considered a record for speed and endurance. As the record holder himself admitted in 1999: to maintain a high speed and not slow down for a second, blood doping helped him, which at that time was not prohibited.

The maximum speed in a straight line with an aerodynamic fairing mounted on a bicycle is 133.78 km / h. This world record was set by 26-year-old Dutchman Sebastian Bowyer in 2013 at a distance of 200 meters. The athlete was lying on his back, this bike has pedals installed in the front, and the velomobile itself is completely enclosed by an ultralight carbon fiber fairing. This velomobile was jointly built by students from the Free University of Amsterdam and the Delft University of Technology.

The maximum speed in a straight line, with the bike covered in an air bag, is 295.6 km / h. This record was set by 45-year-old American Denis Müller-Korenek in September 2018, on a track located at the bottom of the dried salt lake Bonneville in the US state of Utah. The record was set only by following the bicycle in front of a moving racing car, the large fairing of which protected the cyclist from the incoming air stream. With the initial acceleration of the bike by the cable, which was unhooked when it reached 241.402 km / h and Müller-Korenek further accelerated on its own. Of course, a special bike was built that cannot be ridden under normal conditions. The previous record was set by 50-year-old accomplished athlete Fred Rompelberg from the Netherlands in 1995. This result was achieved on a flat surface of a dried up salt lake in Utah (Bonneville Salt Plain),

The maximum speed when descending the mountain is 222 km / h. This speed record was set on a mountain bike (mountain bike) by the Frenchman Eric Baron in 2000 on a run-in ice ski track in the French Alps. To set this speed limit, a bike was built with improved aerodynamics, but with a shock-absorbed fork and rear suspension. The athlete himself was dressed in an aerodynamic rigid spacesuit. In 2002, Eric Baron, already on the dry gravel slope of the Sierra Negro volcano in Nicaragua, was able to accelerate to 210.4 km / h. Having passed about 400 meters, the bicycle under the daredevil, due to the unbearable load on the frame, was torn into two parts. Eric Baron suffered a severe hip fracture, dislocation of the left shoulder and cervical spine, numerous bruises and cuts, but the athlete survived thanks to a helmet and protective suit.

The maximum average speed on a road bike is 41.654 km / h. I could keep this speed at a distance “Tour de France” American road racer Lance Armstrong in 2005. On descents from the mountains, the participants of this competition develop a speed close to 90 km / h.

Cycling speed records

What is the speed record on a bicycle. it would seem such a simple question. However, the answer is often difficult. This is because this question is ambiguous. The maximum speed depends on many indicators: on the direction and speed of the wind, on the type of road surface, on weather conditions, on the bike model, on the slope of the road, as well as on the availability of assistance.

All of the above factors should be considered in order to give an accurate answer. In addition, different records were set in different conditions. Let’s consider the indicators of the maximum speeds on a bicycle in more detail.

Average indicators

To understand what the maximum speed a bicycle can reach, you need to take into account its average speed indicators for people with average training without assistance and special equipment.

If the cyclist has a certain training and is engaged in this sport for at least two hours a day, then he has the opportunity to accelerate and maintain a speed of 30 km / h for some time. Gear shifting, toe clips (a special device that allows you to pick up speed when lifting the pedals up) and good brakes will allow you to pick up even higher speeds. from 30 to 40 km / h.

The same pace can be achieved without any problems on a lightweight road bike, which lacks front and rear fenders.

World records

Today, there are many world records related to the maximum speed of a bicycle. And this is understandable, because you cannot compare an athlete moving on a flat road and on a slope. In addition, many have achieved incredible results with outside help and with special equipment. Consider all kinds of records under different conditions.

On a flat road

It is very difficult to find a perfectly flat road without ups and downs in an ordinary city. Therefore, athletes prefer to use the famous track in the US state of Utah to set world records. This road has a very smooth surface without natural obstacles, its name is Bonneville Plain.

It was in this place that the Dutchman Fred Rompelberg set his record in 1995. At the age of 50, he accelerated to 268.8 km / h using a racing car. a dragster. The record holder moved behind the car, which created an environment with reduced pressure, protecting from the headwind. This record was held for a long time until September 16, 2018.

This year Denis Müller-Korenek set a new bicycle record on the same track. The speed she reached while following the racing car is 295.6 km / h.

Another record holder who was able to accelerate to a speed of 133.78 km / h, but without assistance, is Sebastian Bower. On a specially equipped bike, the Dutchman accelerated to such a speed on a 200-meter track. He used a model of a “recumbent bike” with the pedals in the front, it was placed in a special streamlined cocoon.

Downhill

Completely different speed records were set when driving downhill.

In 2000, Eric Baron, descending from the Alps on a mountain bike, reached a speed of 223.3 km / h. At the same time, he was in special aerodynamic equipment, which simultaneously protected him and helped to overcome air resistance. However, descending even on a snowy slope is dangerous: the increasing vibration makes it almost impossible to control the bike.

The same athlete in 2002 in the Sierra Negra drove 400 meters on a gravel slope, almost dying. The maximum speed that he managed to develop on this site is 210.4 km / h.

100 meters

Without any outside help and without special equipment in 1994, sprinter Peter Rosenthal accelerated on a 100-meter track to 29.7 km / h in just 12 seconds.

Jet engine

Another absolute speed record for a bicycle was set by François Gissy. Using a jet engine, he was able to accelerate to 333 km / h and overtake the Ferrari sports car. However, muscle strength was not used. Earlier, with the participation of the same extreme, the Swiss company conducted an experiment with a bicycle equipped with a jet engine that ran on hydrogen. However, then the cyclist was able to accelerate only 263 km / h.

Road bike

In 1984, Francesco Moser was able to cover a distance of 51,151 km on a velodrome in an hour using a road bike. However, he used blood doping, which was not prohibited at that time.

Maintain speed

Accelerating to a certain speed is one thing, but maintaining it is another. So, on the highway track in 2005, the Czech Ondřej Sosenka kept the speed of 49.7 km / h for an hour, thereby setting a new world record. Perhaps he was aiming for 50 km / h, but the bike equipment prevented him. only one speed, a high saddle and the presence of a fixed gear.

As we have seen, there is no definitive answer to the question of the maximum speed for a bicycle. But this is good, because there is room for new records and inventions.

See the video below for the most incredible cycling speed records.