What is the average speed of the bike?

How to choose the right bike.

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For those who are planning to buy a bicycle for the first time, the choice of an iron friend, which includes a huge number of details and nuances, becomes a huge problem.

On average, a bike has more than 25 nodes: saddle, brake pad, fork, frame, and so on. To choose the right bike for yourself, you must not only take into account the weight, age of the cyclist, but also the place of riding the bike and its technical characteristics.

First, you need to decide on the type of bike, that is, decide on what terrain you will ride it.

  • Road bikes. Already from the name it becomes clear where it is best to ride with the breeze on a similar type of bike. It is designed for driving on a flat, straight, paved road. Thanks to its lightweight construction and narrow 28-inch wheels, this bike develops a good speed. The disadvantage of this model is the lack of normal depreciation. Narrow bike wheels have no tread, making it nearly impossible to use on rough terrain. The wheels will simply push the road surface. The lack of cushioning is both a disadvantage and an advantage, as this results in a lighter weight of the bike. Another inconvenience can be a special forward displacement of the landing. This is done on purpose to reduce wind resistance. However, to an ordinary person, such a fit may not seem entirely comfortable.
  • Mountain bike or mountain bike. It has increased traction, high structural strength, a large number of transmission ratios. Many people buy mountain bikes and use it as a versatile means of transportation for both mountainous terrain and urban environments. However, it is worth noting that its tread is not designed for hard asphalt surfaces, so it wears out much faster in the city. In addition, such bicycles are less maneuverable and faster, due to their solid weight. Pedaling on a mountain bike is more difficult than on a city bike, for example.

Mountain bikes also have their own varieties. For example, downhill bicycles are designed for downhill and have a specific frame shape. Due to the tilted angles of inclination of the fork, as well as the seat post, confident stabilization of the bike is achieved even at high speeds.

Fet bikes are also a type of mountain bikes. Thanks to the wide tires and rims, they provide a high degree of cross-country ability, especially on loose surfaces. Low chamber pressure for extra shock absorption.

  • City or touring bike. In terms of technical characteristics, this type of bike is somewhere between road and mountain bikes. It will be convenient to ride both around the city and the paths in the forest. This type of bike has a comfortable straight fit and can be folded. It is convenient to take such a bike with you by placing it in the trunk of your car. The diameter of the wheels varies depending on the bike model. As a rule, these are 20-28 inch wheels. For this type of bicycles, the presence of additional fasteners and protection elements is characteristic. a trunk, protection for fenders, a chain, and electrical equipment. Due to its light weight, it is quite possible to carry the bike independently to the high floors of a multi-storey residential building. Touring models are additionally equipped with adjustable in height and angle, steering wheel.

When buying a bike, be guided by the height and age of the rider. There are bicycles for children. For the smallest. a three-wheeled version, for older children a two-wheeled one with removable additional wheels on the sides. Teenage bicycles have all the key components of an adult model, but are lighter in weight and slightly smaller in size. This bike is designed for cyclists from 7 to 14 years old.

For adult models, there are a huge number of technical parameters by which it is worth comparing bicycle models, but the main reference point, of course, is the height of a person. Also, when buying, you should not chase the latest bike model. Every year the models are updated, some details are removed, some are added. Sometimes it happens that the characteristics of a new model are much worse than its predecessor, but the price is always higher.

The weight of the bike is also important. Mountain bikes are heavier than urban models. On average, a mountain bike weighs about 13-15 kilograms. Road bikes weigh less. about 10 kilograms, city bikes. 15.

Consider the distinctive characteristics of the main bike assemblies.

Frame. The frame material is varied: steel, aluminum, carbon, titanium, magnesium alloy and even bamboo. If you buy a bicycle with a steel frame, then it will last long enough and it can be welded in any garage, but, as a rule, such a frame is prone to corrosion and is heavy in weight.

Aluminum frame is less suitable for DIY repair and is not as strong as steel.

The most expensive option is the carbon frame. With a low weight, it is considered the most durable. However, this type of frame is afraid of hitting sharp objects, as well as moisture that gets inside.

Each bike has a different type of cushioning. Sometimes it is completely absent. in “rigid” type bicycles or it is present minimally in the form of shock absorption of a saddle with springs or a seatpost. Hard-cushioned bicycles are usually lightweight, don’t wobble while riding, but you can feel every bump in the road as you ride. Hardtail bikes have a rigid front fork and shank. When riding such a bike, the bumps in the road are less felt, but the pedaling is more rigid. The weight of this type of bike is not small due to the heavy fork.

There are two-suspension bicycles on the market that have 2 shock absorbers. Riding them is smoother. Negative qualities. heavy weight of the bike.

Fork. The cheapest and most common option is a spring fork, but this design is prone to buildup.

What Is A Good Average Speed For A Road Biker | How Do You Compare To Other Cyclists?

There are also spring-elastomer forks, which consist of a metal spring with elastomers inside. This type of fork provides good shock absorption, but requires periodic cleaning and relubrication.

How To Improve Your Average Speed On A Road Bike

There are also air spring forks on the market. The stiffness of such a spring can be adjusted by pumping the pump. The main disadvantage of this type of springs is low maintainability.

Air-oil forks use an oil cartridge as a damper. Thanks to him, you can fine-tune the required level of depreciation. As a rule, such a fork is on expensive bicycle models.

An even more expensive type of fork is oil-spring, which is a metal spring and an oil damper.

The steering column rotates the handlebars of the bike. The classic model involves the use of a head tube mount with a locknut. On the one hand, such a structure is easy to adjust and repair, on the other hand, the nut does not provide structural reliability and is difficult to adjust.

The headset can be made in a threadless way, where two cups are pressed into the glass from the top and bottom. Thanks to the spacer rings, the steering wheel height is adjusted. Bearings are inserted into the rings and the rolling rings are installed. Bearings are the weakest link in the design, as they fail the fastest. The advantages of the design include easy maintenance and ease of installation.

The best option for the steering column is considered to be semi-integrated, which consists of two cups pressed into the inside, allowing you to set the desired height of the steering wheel. This design uses more reliable industrial bearings. Of the disadvantages of a semi-integrated fork, you can notice the complexity of the design, and, as a result, the complexity of repair and maintenance, the high cost.

The integrated fork has no cups at all. The bearings are pressed into the cup. Due to this design, repair and maintenance are difficult, although this type of plug is considered more reliable than others.

The braking system plays an important role in the design of the bicycle. On various types of bicycles, there are foot, caliper, mechanical and hydraulic disc brakes, V-Brake.

The simplest is the foot brake, which is installed on the rear wheel and is used when pedaling backward. Works in all weather conditions, but has a complex design.

The V-Brake is activated by pressing the handlebar on the bike. The system includes a cable and brake pads that act on the bicycle rim. Convenient to use, but when the rim becomes dirty or its shape changes, the quality of work deteriorates significantly.

The principle of operation of the V-Brake is similar to that of a caliper brake. The only difference is that instead of brake pads, special metal pliers act on the rim.

Mechanical disc brakes work on a similar principle, the only thing is that the action is not carried out on the rim, but on the brake rotor hub. This type of braking system is easy to use, reliable, but often requires adjustment.

In the operation of hydraulic disc brakes, tension is achieved not with a cable, but with a special hydraulic line. The advantage of this system lies in its trouble-free operation even if the rim is dirty or damaged. Among the disadvantages are the high price and weight, as well as difficulties with the repair of the system.

Bicycle construction differs in the type of drive. By the type of transmission of rotational motion to the rear wheel, they are distinguished: chain, belt and cardan drive.

The cheapest, simplest and most common drive. using a chain.

Instead of a chain, a belt is now often used, which bends easily and does not require additional lubrication. Usually, the belt drive is used in folding city bike models. The disadvantages of this design include low reliability, especially with increased frequency of use.

In addition to the listed types, there is also a gimbal drive, durable, but extremely bulky.

In addition to the listed main bicycle components, close attention should be paid to the wheel diameter, tire quality, rim type, speed switch and pedals.

The more reliable and lighter the bike is, the higher the cost.

It is necessary to select an “iron friend” based on the needs and financial capabilities of the cyclist.

Average speed of an ordinary cyclist

To take a measurement, it is enough to install the compact cycling computer, setting the appropriate parameters in it. The device will show not only the current and average speed, but also the distance, pace, calorie consumption, total movement time, etc.

The average person on a mountain bike is able to maintain 18-20 km / h while driving on a free road. Thus, he will cover about 10 km in half an hour. If you use a road bike under similar conditions, then the indicator can be easily raised to 20-25 km / h. The figure will be the same for both women and men. This calculation takes a rider who spends about 20-50 hours a month or 1-2 hours a day on a bike.

It is important to understand that the indicated indicators will be relevant for short distances up to 10 km. Even adolescents 12-14 years old can achieve them. If we compare the statistics of an experienced athlete, then he will overcome the same segment of the path 2 times faster. Not only physical fitness will play into his hands, but also a professional bike, with lightweight parts and less resistance. Such people are able to keep the average speed of the bike on the track within 30 km / h at a distance of up to 100 km.

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Urban driving conditions dictate their own rules: traffic lights, pedestrians, obstacles on the road, other road users. All these factors significantly reduce the average speed, which may well reach 5-10 km / h.

The road bike, although designed for road riding, is not recommended for urban use. The reason for this is the low riding position of the cyclist and the associated poor visibility. In addition, an abrupt stop on such a device in most cases leads to a skid, which in conditions of heavy traffic is fraught with serious consequences. A mountain bike wins in this regard: a person sits on it high enough and can instantly brake without losing control.

Driving through the forest and other types of rough terrain will not allow you to develop 18-20 km / h on a mountain bike. The average figure will be 15 km / h, although it can also drop significantly if pits, bumps, sand are encountered on the way.

What factors affect the average speed of a cyclist?

The issue of speed of movement worries many cyclists, because it indicates both the technical capabilities of the bicycle and the preparation of the rider himself. When studying the indicators, it is necessary to pay attention to the conditions in which the measurement is carried out (headwind, slope, type of bike), as well as the duration of movement. In the article, we will consider what speed a bicycle develops in certain situations, let’s call professional records and average indicators of an ordinary user.

Cycling speed records

The data that can be found regarding the established records varies depending on the conditions. Thus, the average speed of a professional athlete is usually calculated per hour of movement on a velodrome with a flat surface without a slope. There are two recorded records in this category:

    Open Velodrome, 1984. Average speed per hour is 51.151 km / h. The driver was Italian Francesco Moser. 15 years later, the athlete admitted that not only constant training helped him to maintain such a high indicator for 60 minutes, but also blood doping, which at that time had not yet been banned.

  • Indoor Velodrome (2015). average speed per hour of driving 54.526 km / h. Racer Bradley Wiggins from England moved without headwind, on a smooth surface without a slope.
  • The above records can be considered benchmarks if we talk about the capabilities of the human body and a bicycle that is not equipped with aids. You need to understand that it will be possible to develop a higher speed for a short time, but it is not so easy to maintain it for an hour.

    On descending from the mountain, the participants of the Tour de France reach an average of 90 km / h, and the world record for rolling downhill is 222 km / h.

    Records for the maximum speed of a bike with additional equipment:

      With the installation of a fairing (2013). 133.78 km / h. A specially designed bicycle was used in which Sebastian Bowyer was lying on his back. At the same time, the entire structure is covered with a light fairing made of carbon fiber.

  • In an air bag behind a dragster (2018). 295.6 km / h. The event eclipsed Fred Kompelberg’s record (268.83 km / h) set in 1995. The site was a dry salt lake with an incredibly flat surface (Bonneville Salt Plain). Athlete Denis Müller-Korenek was docked with the car in front, which was accelerating.
  • Jet-powered bike (2014). 333 km / h Self-developed by François Gissy, it has a pulling force comparable to a 563 hp engine. The record speed was reached in 4.8 seconds, the acceleration distance was only 250 meters. At the start, the bike easily outpaced the Ferrari 430 Scuderia.
  • The records set are a unique event that does not occur in everyday life, therefore, further let’s talk about the real speeds of an ordinary person who occasionally gets out on a bike ride.

    What affects the speed of the bike

    Let’s take a look at the main factors that affect speed and acceleration:

    • Rider preparation. The physical condition of the body is a basic condition for achieving high rates of average movement speed. Only constant training will allow you to maintain a high pace throughout the entire distance. The experience of the cyclist, the correct riding style is also important.
    • Windage. Upon reaching 25-27 km / h there is a significant deceleration of the speed. If the wind blows towards the cyclist, then progress becomes more difficult already at 10-15 km / h. Air resistance is significantly lower on a road bike. In addition, a bent handlebar (“ram’s horn”) plays an important role. the rider can lean forward by changing the grip.
  • Rolling resistance. This parameter has the greatest impact on overclocking. After the start of the movement, the resistance decreases. You can improve the indicator by increasing the tire pressure. the smaller the contact surface with the ground, the easier the wheel will roll. At the same time, when driving on soft surfaces (sand, mud, snow), the pressure must be reduced.
  • Friction in mechanisms. Dirt, rust, lack of sufficient lubrication in elements such as the chain, pedals, connecting rod, shift carriage impairs the acceleration and dynamics of the bike. Achieving good speed will only work when all mechanisms are working properly, cleaned of dirt, lubricated. The installed shock absorbers also have an impact. They soften impacts on bumpy roads, but slow down on asphalt.
  • How to speed up your bike

    To improve speed performance, it is not necessary to go headlong into cycling. It is enough to apply simple recommendations:

      When driving on the road, use the smoothest and thinnest rubber possible, increase the tire pressure to the limit (the critical indicator is printed on the side of the tire).

  • If you do not plan to travel out of town, then it is better to get rid of depreciation. As a compromise, only the rear shock absorbers can be dispensed with.
  • To reduce air resistance, you need to adjust the saddle height and install a specially shaped handlebar.
  • Form-fitting cycling clothing will not interfere with the flow of air around your body. In addition, it does not restrict movement, does not rub, and removes moisture well.
  • Regular cycling will keep the body in good shape.
  • note that you should not try to reach maximum average speeds. Rides on a bike should first of all bring pleasure and only pleasant fatigue. It is important to calculate your strength, taking into account the planned distance of the route. In addition, a lower speed allows you to react in time to danger and quickly brake.

    Records

    People tend to be attracted to achieving records in their favorite pastime, especially if this activity is sports. So in high-speed cycling, the champions are primarily the athletes-cyclists. Speed ​​records were set, most likely, at all stages of the history of the development of cycling technology, but they became registered either at official sports competitions, or they were made out as part of individual events with the special purpose of setting a record.

    Consider what speed records on bicycles are known today.

    • Charles Murphy (California, USA) in 1899 set the record for the maximum speed on a bicycle. The achievement was the mark at 100.2 km / h. At the same time, the cyclist moved behind the train, which ensured a decrease in the influence of air resistance on the result.
    • In Los Angeles in 1937, a record was set for cycling at a speed of 139 km / h. It was written by Albert Marquet. He moved behind a car with a special awning at the back (they also escaped from the influence of air resistance).
    • 5 years later (in 1942) after the last record in the same state of California, a new record for the highest speed was set by the record holder Alf Letourne, moving on an improved bicycle behind a racing car. He developed a speed of 175 km / h.
    • The fastest cyclist is the Dutchman Fred Rompelberg, who managed to reach a speed of 268.83 km / h on a bicycle. At the same time, he was behind a racing car with a fairing, which provided a kind of airless space for the record holder moving behind him. In addition, the bicycle was redesigned and would hardly have found use in everyday life. It happened in 1995.
    • In 2005, the Czech athlete O. Sosenka developed the speed on the cycle track in Krylatskoye to 59.7 km / h and kept this speed for 1 hour (the international record for maintaining speed). As you can see, along with reaching the maximum speed, there are also records for keeping it. From this record, it becomes clear that no one has been able to keep a bicycle speed above 59.7 km / h for 1 hour.
    • Dutchman Sebastian Bowyer set a speed record of 133.78 km / h on a bicycle with a fairing in 2013. True, the bike was also not quite ordinary, as in the case of Fred Rompelberg’s record.

    Opportunities for an untrained cyclist

    The ability of such a person with a road bike to develop speed is usually limited to 15-18 kilometers per hour, which he can hold on a straight road for quite a long time. If necessary, on the highway, he is subject to a short-term speed of the order of 22-25 km / h, especially on a downhill slope.

    It should be noted that in urban conditions, road and mountain bikes are equivalent in speed, but the latter is safer both from the side of a better view of the surrounding road situation and in terms of braking speed in case of emergency stop.

    If an unprepared person sits on a sports bike, then even in the most favorable conditions for acceleration, he will hardly be able to even reach a speed of 40 km / h for a short time, maximum. 32-35. He simply does not have enough knowledge of the technique of high-speed cycling. At the same time, a sports road bike under an experienced biker develops a speed of about 80 km / h.

    What affects speed?

    There are quite a few different factors that influence the speed of a cyclist. But the main ones, according to experts, are the preparedness and physical capabilities of a person sitting behind the wheel of a bicycle.

    And even such an important factor as the type of vehicle itself does not matter more than the experience and endurance of the cyclist.

    In addition to those mentioned (human factor and bike type), there are other conditions that affect speed. We list and briefly characterize them.

    • The type of terrain on which the cyclist moves. Plains, rough terrain (continuous descents, uphills, sharp turns), mountainous areas, rural or urban conditions. all these factors affect the average speed of cycling. In urban conditions, on asphalt roads, the average speed of movement cannot be higher than that which can be developed even on a dirt flat road in rural areas. Traffic lights, pedestrians, cars in a city rarely allow an average speed of more than 10-12 km / h to be developed.
    • Road surface. This factor is understandable without words. on the highway, even an ordinary person can accelerate to a speed of 20 km / h and hold it for a long time, but on a sandy or gravel road it is almost impossible to do this.
    • The technical condition of the vehicle. Of course, a brand new bike with fresh lubrication and shock absorption is much faster than its counterpart from the last century with a chain periodically falling from the stars and a pedal mechanism creaking from dryness.
    • The degree of inflation and wear of the wheel tires. Traction also affects the average speed of the bike. High-quality and optimally inflated tires facilitate and provide faster acceleration of the vehicle both from a standstill and in the direction of travel, if you need to increase the speed. In addition, the cyclist spends less energy on it, he gets tired less and therefore will be able to keep a good speed longer.
    • Tire compliance with road surface. On hard surfaces, it is best to ride on wheels with narrow tires, and on soft surfaces with wide tires.
    • Windage. With an increase in speed of more than 10 km / h, air resistance increases and the degree of its resistance increases sharply with each subsequent kilometer of speed. And if there is also a headwind, then the cyclist has to spend a lot of physical strength on high-speed movement.
    • Wheel diameter. The smaller the wheels, the weaker the acceleration of the bike with the same physical exertion of a person on the ride as on a bike with large wheels.
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    What is the maximum speed you can develop on a bike and how to do it?

    Few of us can perceive a bicycle as a high-speed vehicle. Offhand, if you ask a question about the maximum speed of a trained cyclist, you can name a figure of about 60 km / h. And then, most likely, implying athletes in any prestigious cycling competition. Is this so. we learn from the following article.

    How to improve the speed indicator?

    In order to gain the maximum possible speed on a bike, you should adhere to the recommendations based on the elementary rules for maintaining cycling and expert advice.

    • Carry out timely maintenance of your vehicle: lubrication, cleaning from dirt, replacing worn parts, and so on.
    • Before each drive, check the tire pressure and bring this parameter back to the standard specified in the product data sheet.
    • Change tires depending on the degree of wear.
    • Brakes must always be adjusted.
    • Adjust the seat and handlebars to the optimal fit on the bike.
    • When driving at high speed, improve aerodynamics by maximizing the forward tilt of the body and lowering the height of the steering wheel.
    • Train your own physical strength and endurance regularly. This requires daily trips over distances of at least 20 km one way.
    • Learn the technique of high-speed cycling and apply it in practice.

    If everything that is recommended above is done exactly, then after a month or two you can feel the first significant changes both in your body and in the speed of cycling. And this will be your first personal best.

    See cycling speed record stories below.

    What is the maximum speed you can develop on a bike?

    A bicycle is a simple, environmentally friendly and durable transport. It is set in motion by the muscular strength of its owner. In the classical sense, the faster the feet pedal, the higher the speed. Unfortunately, human capabilities are severely limited even in comparison with old models of internal combustion engines, which is why the bicycle is ranked among low-speed vehicles.

    In everyday life, the average speed of cyclists is not high: from 15 to 25 km / h. Maximum speed is an indicator of the limit of possibilities for both the bicycle and the person. It is very difficult to say unequivocally what it will be, as it is tied to many factors: bike design, technical condition, physical fitness of a person and aerodynamics.

    Taking into account all the negative effects on driving dynamics and excellent sports training, you can accelerate the bike to speeds comparable to those of a car. And some of the champions have crossed this line too

    Bicycle speed capabilities

    Since each type of bike is tailored for specific conditions of use, the maximum speed limit for each of them will also differ. The concept of “maximum speed” is also ambiguous. For some, it’s just the cherished numbers that flashed once on a computer. For others, this will not be enough, and the speed barrier for them is not just a number, but the ability to stay in this state for some time. There are also those who do not strive for records in practice, but they are just interested in what speed can be developed on their bike.

    A singlespeed is a city bike that rides like a cyclist pedals hard. It is not worth waiting for some transcendental dynamics from a single transmission, even on an ideal straight line. Of course, on flat areas the city bike can reach impressive speeds of 25-30 km / h. But it’s almost impossible to move on:

    • high air resistance is created by the body;
    • the bike weighs quite a lot;
    • pushing force disappears (pedals are untwisted).

    The best performance is given by the “no-brake” bike of the FIX model, which has no free wheeling. Thanks to the mutual spinning of the pedals and the wheel, it is much easier to keep the speed on the “fixed”. On such a bike, you can accelerate to 40 km / h and even catch up with the car. However, one should not overestimate the possibilities of the great. To achieve such speed indicators, you will also need colossal endurance.

    For mountain bikes, speed doesn’t always come first. But the cross-country ability, stability and amortization of MTB must be provided without fail. This does not mean that a mountain bike is not capable of delivering good speed performance. Even a simple bike of this class can accelerate over 30 km / h, taking into account the preparedness of the cyclist, the correct ratio of gears and technical condition.

    Road bike. Here in the first place. high dynamics and maneuverability. The specific fit, lightness and strength of the construction give everything to get the most out of the bike. In general, road bikes are mainly bicycles of a sports direction, therefore speeds of 60 and 70 km / h are quite real here. In ordinary life, it will be possible to overtake MTBs on a highway, and, moreover, an ordinary one is large, but above 40 km / h without long trainings it will not work.

    In normal urban conditions, the speed of both mountain and road bikes will not differ much. The situation is completely different on the track: here MTB will lose noticeably. Reducing the speed indicator is facilitated by softer rubber, shock absorption, bike weight and rider fit.

    Absolute records

    The Dutchman Fred Rompelberg firmly established the highest cycling speed. The race was organized on the Salt Plain in Utah, USA in 1995. The record holder managed to accelerate the bike to 268 km / h. Of course, we thoroughly prepared to achieve this result. the maximum gear ratio of the transmission, ideal weather and road conditions, the endurance of the athlete and the “air bag” of the racing car in front.

    1995 was also marked by the world record for the speed of a bicycle downhill. Then, in France, the famous downhiller Christian Taillefer was able to get off the mountain on two wheels and reach a value of 212 km / h! The difficulty of the record was that a knurled ski slope was prepared for the descent. And driving a bike and, moreover, driving it at such a speed in these conditions is simply out of the realm of fantasy.!

    The maximum possible speed that the mountain bike was able to develop is 130 km / h. The record was set while descending a volcanic slope in Nicaragua. The credit goes to the French cyclist Eric Baron.

    In the last decade, the bike has managed to accelerate to 210 km / h. The record was set in 2010 by Markus Stolz in the Chilean mountains. A year earlier, the highest speed was recorded on a semi-closed liguerade. more than 130 km / h.

    How to speed up your bike

    In order for the great to roll quickly, give positive and not take a lot of energy, you need to follow a few simple and effective rules:

    • keep the bike clean;
    • carry out complex lubrication;
    • monitor the pressure in the wheels;
    • adjust the brakes;
    • customize the fit;
    • train strength and endurance.

    A large amount of dirt and dust not only impedes the movement of the bicycle, but also worsens the condition of all its mechanisms. Moving parts. bushings, carriage, chain, sprockets. require both cleanliness and timely lubrication.

    What kind of driving with flat tires can be? Moderately inflated tires combine optimal roll-off length, contact patch with the road and cross-country ability. The increase in speed is achieved by pumping the chambers. Advantages: shorter acceleration time, increased roll-off. Disadvantages: deterioration of road grip, risk of puncturing the tube, heavy wear of the middle of the tires. That is, this method is only good when driving on perfectly flat asphalt.

    Unadjusted brakes can interfere with movement. This applies equally to discs and V-brakes. The distance from the pads to the disc or rim should be kept to a minimum. The pads must be positioned so that when braking they completely lie on the braking surface.

    Landing determines not only the ease of control, but also what speed the cyclist will develop. You can increase aerodynamics by reducing the “windage”: the body is more inclined towards the frame, and the handlebars are located below the saddle.

    And of course, endurance and a well-developed respiratory system are of great importance. Simple physical exercises, daily skating will help to strengthen the general physical condition and prepare for a new speed record.

    How to increase the speed indicator?

    To accelerate coasting and speed when cycling, you should follow the basic rules:

    • Keep the bike in perfect order, clean it from dirt;
    • Continuously lubricate all parts;
    • Monitor the pressure indicator in the wheels;
    • Adjust the brake system;
    • Optimally align the fit of the seat and steering wheel;
    • Personal physical training to improve endurance and physical strength.

    Dust and dirt on the bike parts interferes with proper ride and deforms the mechanism. Absolutely all moving parts: carriages, bushings, sprockets, chains require careful maintenance, cleanliness and constant lubrication.

    Moderately inflated wheels also guarantee a good level of rolls, contact with the track and increased cross-country ability on difficult sections.

    When pumping wheels, the speed increases, but there is a risk of tire rupture and loss of balance due to insufficient traction, therefore, you should ride on the pumped wheels only after long training and with the highest level of bike control.

    Poorly adjusted brakes can also interfere with the bike’s top speed, such as disc systems and vibration racks.

    The very distance between the pad and disc or rim mechanisms should be scanty. The pads must be positioned so that when braking they adhere closely to the surface.

    The very fit on the bike determines the convenience in transport control, therefore, it directly affects the possible speed of movement development.

    Increased aerodynamics can be achieved by increasing the tilt to the body and lowering the level of the steering wheel relative to the seat.

    Finally, a video with a speed record on a jet bike:

    Average bike capabilities

    The hard-to-reach record inspires any extreme riding enthusiast. To measure the speed level, mechanical speedometers were previously installed on vehicles, at the moment inexpensive electronic bike computers are available that record the speed of movement, route duration, driving pace, energy consumption, average mileage and other useful information.

    Average cycling speed can be as high as 50 km / h on a road bike on an asphalt road.

    The higher the physical fitness and technical skills of the rider, and the equipment of the bike, the faster the ride: a trained cyclist can safely reach speeds of up to 110 km / h.

    When city pokatushki it is necessary to follow the traffic rules: bypass cars; slow down at intersections, before entering turns and pedestrian crossings, the speed limit in this case cannot exceed 25 km.

    The road bike develops a high speed on an asphalt road, but it is not recommended for fast city driving due to the low seating position of the cyclist, poor visibility and skidding during fast braking.

    Mountain bikes are more suitable for high-speed driving in urban conditions, although they roll more slowly on flat surfaces, they are more preferable for safe high-speed driving in populated areas.

    The mountain bike is also suitable for urban racing: the wide handlebars make it easy to maneuver on the road, and the wide tires have excellent grip on the asphalt surface, which allows you to stop instantly.

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    Riding on rough objects does not allow the development of a speed of more than 35 km / h on any bike, this is due to the frequent pits, bumps and sandy roads, which significantly reduce the speed.

    On forest paths, the highest speed can reach only 15 km / h.

    Acceleration principle

    Several factors influence the development of the speed limit:

    For hard trails, narrow, smooth rubber tires without a pattern are most suitable. wide studded tires are the most unsuitable option for smooth roads.

    And gravel, sand and soft undercoat require studs and wide rubber. Pebbles and stones are generally not suited for cycling.

    Read a separate article about the choice and types of bicycle tires.

    An important role in the development of speed is played by pressure. the higher it is, the more optimal the roll on flat and hard surfaces.

    Unpaved and gravel tracks require a series of experiments to find the best result.

    The weight of the wheels also affects speed. The less rims, spokes, bushings, tires and tubes weigh, the less energy is spent on accelerating the bike, which means that a minimum of effort is invested for a fast ride.

    The larger the diameter, the higher the development of speed and overcoming all the irregularities of the road. Optimal diameter from 29 inches.

    High resistance in the mechanical system of the rear transmission and poorly lubricated chain reduces wheel speed.

    Hub wear requires more effort when pedaling.

    Landing, handlebar width, weather conditions, shock absorber and other related factors also affect riding speed.

    Average bike capabilities

    The hard-to-reach record inspires any extreme riding enthusiast. To measure the speed level, mechanical speedometers were previously installed on vehicles, at the moment inexpensive electronic bike computers are available that record the speed of movement, route duration, driving pace, energy consumption, average mileage and other useful information.

    Average cycling speed can be as high as 50 km / h on a road bike on an asphalt road.

    The higher the physical fitness and technical skills of the rider, and the equipment of the bike, the faster the ride: a trained cyclist can safely reach speeds of up to 110 km / h.

    When city pokatushki it is necessary to follow the traffic rules: bypass cars; slow down at intersections, before entering turns and pedestrian crossings, the speed limit in this case cannot exceed 25 km.

    The road bike develops a high speed on an asphalt road, but it is not recommended for fast city driving due to the low seating position of the cyclist, poor visibility and skidding during fast braking.

    Mountain bikes are more suitable for high-speed driving in urban conditions, although they roll more slowly on flat surfaces, they are more preferable for safe high-speed driving in populated areas.

    The mountain bike is also suitable for urban racing: the wide handlebars make it easy to maneuver on the road, and the wide tires have excellent grip on the asphalt surface, which allows you to stop instantly.

    Riding on rough objects does not allow the development of a speed of more than 35 km / h on any bike, this is due to the frequent pits, bumps and sandy roads, which significantly reduce the speed.

    On forest paths, the highest speed can reach only 15 km / h.

    What speed can you develop on a bike?

    How it all began?

    Cyclist Jose Meifret set the world speed record on a bicycle (204.73 km / h) in 1962 in Friedberg (Germany). And it all started even earlier. Since the inception of the bike, there have been many attempts to achieve maximum riding speed.

    Perhaps it is worth talking about the most significant and important records in the history of the development of this sport, and of transport itself.

    In 1899, Charles Murphy, after training for about 2 months, decided to set a record for the speed of driving in Long Island on the railroad. To do this, it was necessary to attach one carriage to a steam locomotive and equip it with a cap so that the cyclist could hide from the wind. At first, due to the mistake of Murphy himself, he lagged behind the train, but then he nevertheless caught up with him. Thus, in June 1899, a record for the maximum speed was set. It was 100.2 km / h.

    The next bicycle speed record was only set in 1937. This happened in Los Angeles (California). Record holder Albert Marquet moved behind the car, which was also equipped with a fabric frame for the cyclist to move inside it. His record was. 139 km / h.

    Within 5 years, in 1942, a new record was set (again in California). And in this case, the car in front was a racing car, and the bike was improved. At that time, the record holder Alf Letourne had the highest speed on a bicycle.

    The record was recorded at around 175 km / h. But the world achievements did not end there.

    Bike speed

    Ever since the invention, the bicycle has been rightfully considered one of the most convenient, simple, environmentally friendly and fast means of transportation. Since about the same time, numerous enthusiasts have been trying to determine what the average and maximum speed of two-wheeled horses is. Let’s try to understand this issue and we.

    Average speeds

    Cycling speed depends on many factors: physical fitness, road surface, wind, conditions. For example, in a city with busy traffic it is possible to drive at an average speed of 10-15 kilometers per hour solely due to the abundance of obstacles, traffic lights and reasonable restrictions.

    On a flat road, a trained (but not an athlete) man can reach a speed of 30-50 kilometers per hour. At the same time, on the rise uphill, the pace will drop to 30 km / h and below, and on the descent. increase to 60 km / h.

    Mountain bikers on downhill slopes in conditions of pits and bumps on average accelerate to 50 kilometers per hour. The participants of the Tour de France “squeeze out” the same speed on the flat sections of the route. On cycle tracks, athletes on average accelerate to 90-100 km / h.

    Records

    The recorded world speed record for cycling is 268 kilometers per hour. It was installed in 1995 by 50-year-old Fred Rompelberg, originally from the Netherlands. To achieve such an impressive result, the cyclist chose the Bonneville Salt Plain in Utah (USA), whose thin air provided less resistance when moving. Another assistant to the record holder was the air bell from the racing car in front. Perfect preparation and accurate calculations are the key to maximum cycling speed.

    On downhill skiing, the world record of 212 kilometers per hour was set in the same 1995 by the Frenchman Christian Taillefer. A run-in ice ski slope in France served as a cover. A special flat futuristic frame with a flat handlebar, an integrated saddle and a fork that does not reduce the speed helped to reduce air resistance.

    For a mountain bike, the speed record is 130 kilometers per hour. It was also installed by a Frenchman. Eric Baron. on the slopes of an extinct volcano in Nicaragua.

    The record for speed and endurance was the result of the athlete Francesco Moser. In 1984, he was able to keep the speed of 50 km / h for an hour, without slowing down for a second. Until now, the record is considered the height of human capabilities.

    And to what speed do you accelerate on your bike??

    Cycling speed (average and maximum)

    Let’s start with the highest speeds, and the highest speeds are in cycling. on track and road races (a track bike is similar to a road bike, only as lightweight as possible and with a fixed gear). What speed can a road bike reach? To do this, we will analyze the standards for road and track cycling. There are four main speeds here.

    73 km / h. maximum sprint speed on a racing track bike (MSMK standard at a distance of 200 meters). 50 km / h. the average speed of a well-trained cyclist at short distances on a cycle track. 45 km / h. the maximum average speed of a well-trained road cyclist at a distance of 20 km. 50km. 40 km / h. the average speed of a trained road bike rider.

    Comment: All conclusions are made for men, for women the speed indicators will be lower. Also, wind and riding in an air bag are not taken into account.

    Table of speeds at various distances, depending on the category of the athlete

    Distance 3 digit, speed (km / h) 1 digit, speed (km / h) MS, speed (km / h)
    200 m (cycle track) 57.6 62.1 69.2
    1 km (cycle track) 45.6 51.4 57.1
    3 km (cycle track) 44.1 47.6 51.4
    25 km (highway) 36.1 40.5 45.5

    Now let’s move on to average mountain bike speeds. To do this, you can analyze the data of one of the largest bicycle marathons “Krassport” (in the lists of protocols). The distance of this marathon runs mainly on asphalt and gravel roads, with a small section of field roads. The climb is small and there are no technical sections. Therefore, for our analysis, such a trace is quite suitable.

    A couple of key rates can be deduced from the protocols:

    30-33 km / h. the average speed of a well-trained mountain bike athlete. 20-25 km / h. the average speed of most mountain bikers.

    Thus, it is safe to say that the average mountain bike cyclist will ride on the highway or in the city at an average speed of 20-25 km / h.

    Bike speed

    At the end of the article, we will look at what world records were set by professional cyclists. And now we will tell you what maximum and average speed an ordinary cyclist can reach, on an ordinary sports bike and on ordinary roads. The average speed that an ordinary amateur can maintain on a straight line ranges from 25. 30 km / h on a road bike and below 20 km / h on a mountain bike. The maximum speed in a straight line can reach 40 and 30 km / h, respectively.

    Bicycle speed

    What speed can a bicycle reach?

    Many novice cyclists are interested in what speed can be developed on a bicycle? The speed when riding a bike feels very different and seems much higher than it actually is. Nowadays, it is quite simple to determine the speed developed by a bicycle using a bicycle computer, which shows not only the current speed, but also other useful data. distance, calories burned, and so on. It is worth noting the availability of such computers for anyone. Entry-level models start at 10.

    Speed ​​records

    Of course, speed indicators are highly dependent on the physical condition of the cyclist, so the results of professional athletes are very different from amateur ones. The absolute speed record for cycling is 268 km / h, but under certain conditions. The record holder Fred Rompelberg moved under the cover of a special car with a fairing that not only eliminated air resistance, but also created a vortex that pulled Fred along with him. The record for the maximum speed when descending from the mountain on an MTB bike is kept at 210 km / h.

    Fred Rompelberk’s speed record

    Well, back to the more mundane metrics that marathon cyclists can boast in the real world. Professionals can maintain an average speed of 30-35 km / h for several hours, while in certain areas it can reach 40. It is worth noting that a group of cyclists can move much faster. And the speed on the descent can exceed a hundred. In 1984, a record was set for driving in a straight line with an average speed of more than 50 km / h, the figure of Francesco Moser is still unbeaten.

    Road bike speed

    What are your personal speed records? You can share your results in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев block below.