What gasoline, what oil to fill the scooter
What gasoline, what oil to fill the scooter
HONDA DIO FUEL CAPACITY CHECK !!!
But: Since gasoline in Russia is much dirtier (every trash floats in it), then between 92 and 95 you still have to choose the latter. 95 is significantly cleaner, has less impurities, less sediment and other debris. Another important topic is what brand of scooter to refuel. For example, if the same Honda Dio 18 or, say, the Artist will drive 92 as if they were their own, then if you pour the same gasoline into the Suzuki Sepia or Adress, then it is like death. The fact is that Suzuki does not tolerate 92 gasoline at all, only 95 AI. From all this it follows that scooters in Russia need to be refueled with only 95 gasoline.
The savings on fuel are scanty, but the repair of the scooter will result in a tidy sum. When using low-quality (dirty) gasoline, you run the risk of: Clog the petrol level sensor (you will not know how much petrol is left); Clog the carburetor: (it will regularly bite a needle, the scooter will pick up speed, even if you did not turn the throttle. You can only stop by turning off the ignition. It is extremely dangerous, creates unpredictable situations on the road.) ;. There is a high risk of clogging the fuel supply pipe, as a result of which it is not the scooter that will drive you, but you the scooter.
By the way, it is better to refuel the scooter exclusively at familiar gas stations. DO NOT FUEL, the scooter is where there is no marking, the gasoline of which company will be poured into you. Most often, unknown gas stations sell low-quality (diluted) gasoline. In the Yaroslavl Region, I can recommend refueling at Slavneft stations. TNK has an eternal problem with a shortage of 95. it is constantly absent, and when there is, the question of its quality remains open.
In general, it would be wise to carry a liter of gasoline with you for every fireman. It won’t work for you, but if something happens, it will come in handy.
With oils, everything is easier: the more expensive the better. The most suitable and high quality scooter oil is the French Motul. I can’t say anything bad about him. Indeed, the firm keeps its brand. I recommend to everyone.
For scooters and mopeds, a special oil for two-stroke engines is required (for mopeds, motorcycles, chainsaws :-)) (2t will be written on the canister). Therefore, friends, in order for you to ride your favorite chainsaw happily ever after, feed and water it only with high-quality products, and the chainsaw will answer you with grateful, long, correct work! ;-))
Consequences of driving on low-quality fuel
A bad fuel mixture is distinguished from a good mixture by the presence of impurities. Dishonest gas station owners dilute gasoline in order to bring down the price a little more and outflank the competition. For a scooter, refueling with low-quality fuel will not lead to anything good.
- The fuel supply system will be clogged with additives. The injector is more sensitive to impurities than the carburetor, but both fail. Problems can be avoided by frequent cleaning of the fuel system, but in the long run it is time and money.
- Carbon deposits remain in the combustion chamber. Usually gasoline is completely converted into exhaust gases without leaving any traces. But if it is contaminated with something, then the impurities will remain on the surfaces of the chamber and piston. This will lead to a drop in power. And because of the carbon deposits on the spark plug, starting the transport will become a non-trivial task. If you suspect that you have got low-quality gasoline, it is recommended to clean the fuel system.
- Breakdowns in the propulsion system are also possible. When burnt, the powders generate additional heat, which the scooter design is not designed for. Exceeding the temperature for which the model is designed will lead to rapid wear and burnout of parts. Here you cannot do without repairs. At best, you will have to change one part, at worst. the entire propulsion system. And this is both difficult and expensive.
- Problems will also arise if high-quality, but not suitable fuel is used. If you pour 95 gasoline into a model for which 92 is recommended, the engine will also wear out.
How to choose a gas station
It is best to give preference to proven brands. Although they charge more, the temptation to win a few rubles will return many times with unexpected problems. It costs three times to get caught by scammers, and repairs will cost a pretty penny. Even if you have confidence in your iron horse, and a 2-stroke scooter is prone to problems less than 4 tons, you should not risk it.
However, with the spread of mobile Internet, the reputation of a gas station can be checked at any time. Applications such as DriverNotes or CamOnRoad will suit the owner of any vehicle, be it a car, motorcycle or delta moped.
How to choose an octane number
All scooters, without exception, require either 92 or 95 fuel. Some recent Italian models can be filled with 98, but the manufacturers do not recommend this. Let’s figure out why.
The number next to the fuel is called the octane number. It determines the optimal compression of the engine that will be able to work with this gasoline. If the combustible mixture is not compressed strongly enough, then its combustion will be uneven, and the heat, instead of making the engine work, will go into heating its parts. Because of what they will wear out faster. If the compression force is too high, then there is a risk of spontaneous ignition of the mixture even without a spark. But the difference between adjacent numbers in this aspect is insignificant, so in 80% of cases you can fill 92 gasoline instead of 95.
To understand if 95 can be used on your model, you need to look at the manufacturer’s recommendations. If they have not survived, they can be found on the Internet. General advice would be:
- The better the compression of the engine, the better the two-wheeled friend will perform on the 95th. Compression is best for Japanese and especially Italian models. But the Chinese scooter definitely requires the 92nd.
- Only ninety-second gasoline needs to be poured into a 2t scooter. Compression plays a lesser role in a two-stroke cycle. But the ninety-fifth can be poured into a 4t scooter. If, of course, this is provided by the manufacturer.
- Both can be poured into a moped. It all depends on the specific characteristics. Mopeds can be 2t and 4t, so the recommendations for them are the same as for scooters. For example, you can fill the alpha moped with ninety-fifth gasoline. The same goes for other models.
- The same rules apply to motorcycles in this respect. However, it is still recommended to give preference to the ninety-second gasoline. In the Ural motorcycle, experts unanimously advise not to fill anything higher than 92.
- Even if the fuel goes to a 4-stroke engine, it is worth paying attention to the wear of the fuel system. If the scooter has been serving for a long time, sometimes it jumps or some parts have already changed, you should choose the ninety-second.
- A single use of gasoline with a higher octane number will not hurt the iron horse. If the gas station runs out of 92, feel free to use 95. But try not to gain high revs to reduce wear on the two-wheeled friend.
a scooter is much cheaper than a car. You can save money by changing tires yourself and troubleshooting. However, it is highly discouraged to refuel a two-wheeled friend with low-quality or unsuitable fuel. Although the iron horse is less sensitive to it than motor vehicles, this attitude can lead to breakdowns within six months to one and a half years. The choice of which gasoline to fill in the scooter should be based on its model and service life.
As you can see, the choice is not difficult. Although there is no single rule, it is always recommended to use 92nd gasoline. If it is of high quality, there will be no problems. In order not to get caught by scammers, refuel at those you trust, or use special applications. If you feed your two-wheeled friend correctly, he will serve you faithfully and for a long time.
Gas station selection
Some gas stations deliberately lure you in with the low price of gasoline. The difference of two rubles per liter may not be great, but still the difference for many scooters. At such gas stations, they can dilute gasoline or add any additives to it. None of this will benefit your two-wheeled friend.
If you have become “lucky” to have just poured poor quality gasoline, it is recommended that you drain it immediately and also clean the moped’s fuel system. Remember. filled petrol should always be good, not cheap.!
Consequences of driving on low-quality fuel
You cannot immediately notice changes from the use of low-quality gasoline. However, if you constantly refuel it, it’s like a clockwork. Sooner or later the moment will come when the engine will refuse to start at all or will pull very weakly. Thus, we get a list of possible consequences from using bad gasoline:
- Failure of the fuel system. The carburetor and injection fuel systems of scooters and mopeds will be clogged with possible fuel additives. This entails frequent cleaning of the fuel system, which promises money waste, especially in the case of an injector.
- Carbon deposits in the combustion chamber. Low-quality gasoline cannot completely burn out. Therefore, there is a rapid formation of carbon deposits on the piston, spark plug. The moped can start poorly, lose its traction characteristics, and so on.
- Frequent overheating of the engine leads to wear of the crank mechanism and failure of other engine elements.
Two of these points force the owner of the moped to turn to costly repairs, accompanied by replacement of parts. And this is all due to low-quality fuel.!
What gasoline to fill in a scooter
Although the scooter and moped are not as whimsical about the quality of fuel as cars (especially with diesel engines), still the quality of the fuel should be given top priority. We will discuss: why is it better to fill in high-quality gasoline and what will happen if you fill up with anything.
Octane number selection
At all sites, there are constantly many disputes about which gasoline to use. Some say: “pour 92”, others insist on using 95. Who is right? Both are right, because there is no definite answer to this question.
If you own at least 2, at least 4 stroke scooters, this does not oblige you to pour only one type of gasoline. The choice of the octane number of gasoline depends on the compression ratio in the engine cylinder. The lower the compression ratio, the lower the octane number of gasoline is allowed to be poured into the tank.
Advice! Pay attention to the instruction manual for your scooter. Usually, the type of recommended fuel is indicated there. If there is no manual, it can be found on the Internet.
In a broader sense, several conclusions can be drawn. Gasoline with 95 octane should be used in scooters with a higher compression ratio, or compression. Achieving a high compression value requires high quality engine parts and assembly. Obviously, these parameters differ between models of Japanese and Italian production.
Thus, we can conclude that 95 gasoline is poured into expensive scooters with good engines. But remember that during operation, the engine wears out and the compression ratio decreases. And on old Japanese engines, the manufacturer himself recommends using 92nd gasoline.
But Chinese-made scooters have a lower compression ratio, which indicates their tendency to 92nd fuel. The conclusion is this: if you are not sure that your 4 or 2 stroke scooter requires 95th gasoline, then refuel only 92nd.
Note: if you pour 92 gas into a scooter that requires 95 gasoline, it will simply pull badly. The driver will notice this and are more likely to fill the correct fuel next time.
However, if you fill the 95th fuel into a moped that requires the 92nd, then it will start to go better than before. However, this is not for long. The engine resource will rapidly decrease, which will lead to premature repairs. And repair, as everyone knows, costs a lot of money.!
So, after reading this article, you learned how to determine which gasoline to fill in a scooter. Always keep these tips in mind when arriving at a gas station. Never save on fuel quality. this will later result in expensive repairs to the main engine components. If you are not sure which gasoline is best for your scooter (moped), two-stroke or four-stroke, fill in the 92nd. This approach has an 80% success rate.!
What gasoline to fill in two-stroke scooters Yamaha and Suzuki
Yamaha and Suzuki engines have a high compression ratio, so they can be operated on 95 fuel, but again, 92 is recommended by the manufacturer, so you should not deviate from the instructions. Naturally, Japanese fuel and fuel in other countries may differ markedly in quality, but recently the quality of gasoline has only been increasing. So, the conclusion here is obvious, if you have a Japanese two-stroke scooter, pour only 92 gasoline.
What gasoline to pour into a Chinese four-stroke scooter
Now let’s take a look at the four-stroke models of Chinese scooters. In 80 percent of cases, the manufacturer recommends operating the device on 92 fuel, and only in some cases on 95. If possible, it is advisable to check this information for a specific model in the operation manual. If the manual was not included, it can always be found on the Internet. As a last resort, look for a manual for a different model, but with a similar engine. Fortunately, the entire Chinese motorcycle industry is similar copies with different names.
Engine compression ratio is an important factor
Much depends on the compression ratio of a particular scooter model. Low compression ratio engines only prefer 92 gasoline. This is indicated by the manufacturer and tested in practice.
What gasoline to fill in a scooter. recommendations
The scooter gasoline theme always contains questions. Everywhere you can find all sorts of contradictions and the propensity of scooters to various gasoline. The question is about refueling 92 or 95 gasoline, which one is better for the scooter engine, on which gasoline does the scooter go faster, more powerful and the most important point is whether 95 gasoline does not harm the scooter engine?
There is no exact answer here for several reasons. Firstly, it is imperative that you fill in high-quality gasoline at proven gas stations with a good reputation. Do not think that if you have a scooter, then you can pour all sorts of water. This mode of transport is very sensitive to fuel quality.
What gasoline to refuel in Honda two-stroke scooters
Scooters that use low compression engines include most of Honda’s two-stroke scooters. It is not recommended to pour 95 gasoline in them.
What gasoline to fill in European scooters
Now let’s talk about European scooters. As a rule, we get quite fresh models with uprated engines and a high compression ratio. These are high-speed devices that prefer 95 gasoline. This is where he belongs.
Scooter fuel tanks in stock!
What gasoline to pour into 2- and 4-stroke scooters
Scooter repair always raises many questions. I, too, having faced the repair for the first time, learned a lot of interesting things. Everyone knows that 2-stroke engines add lubricating oil directly to the fuel. The engine, of course, also smokes more, and the oil consumption is much higher than that of a 4-stroke one. My first scooter was a 2 stroke scooter. He experimented a lot with oil and with the octane rating of gasoline. I am writing with the number of gasoline, not the brand. Just tried various octane-boosting additives.
At the same time, I always tried to fix the results, and that’s what I noticed. The most important thing is where you refuel. You can pour 95 and it is not clear what to do with this gasoline (it does not pull, it heats up and overruns), drain or dilute it with another. I am writing this to the fact that we do not draw conclusions on bad gasoline. Of course, when I bought a scooter (2-stroke) I tried to fill in all the best gasoline and oil. Repair of scooters was not known at all then. I traveled, traveled and saw that much in reality did not correspond to what was written. And the consumption in fact is more and the speed is not the same.
The first thing I saw was the discrepancy between oil and fuel consumption. When switching to the 80th, I did not see any kind of collapse in consumption. The thrust may have become less, but the ignition adjustment neutralizes a lot. Then he began to try various additives that increase the octane number. Here you can write separate books on this matter. A huge amount of additives.
Various things helped and did not. Indeed, sometimes it grew, the thrust fell, the consumption of gasoline, and it was vice versa. The engine was warming up, did not pull, spat fuel. Over time, it became clear that such a primitive type of engine (2-stroke) does not need any additives or other tricks. The main thing is good candles. Refueling in normal locations. Ignition adjustment.
So when I switched to a 4 stroke scooter. I experimented much less and more carefully. I tried the 80th, 92nd, 95th and even 98th, in principle, if you are not too lazy to adjust the ignition and pick up the candles. That is not very noticeable even on a 4-stroke. After all, scooter engines are pretty primitive. Therefore, engine consumption and thrust are sometimes simply unpredictable. Since many for some reason forget about such a fundamentally important detail as the carburetor. How it works and how it is configured. There will be both consumption and engine thrust.
How To Make Premix Fuel For 2 Stroke Scooters
I sum up the fuel and oil consumption, as well as the engine thrust, a lot has already been said above. When disassembling, I did not find a big difference in the condition of the engine with different brands of fuel.
Two-stroke engine oil
The principles of operation of two-stroke and four-stroke engines differ significantly, which is why each of these types of engines has its own oil. In two-stroke engines there is no oil sump, and the cylinder working surface is lubricated with a fuel mixture that contains both gasoline and oil. In this case, the oil completely burns out after working off. In four-stroke engines, oil and gasoline are separated from each other, do not mix, and the oil does not burn.
In two-stroke engines, oil can enter the working mixture in two ways: either it is dissolved in gasoline in advance (in the case of scooters, this is usually in a ratio of 1: 40 1: 50), or it is supplied by an oil pump to the inlet pipe of the carburetor.
Therefore, the list of requirements for oil for two-stroke engines includes the following criteria:
- Maximum combustion, minimum carbon deposits.
- Good solubility in gasoline.
- Sufficient fluidity.
- Good lubricating properties.
- Corrosion protection of parts.
- Sufficient operating temperature range.
The main ones are, of course, the first two points.
Fortunately, the choice of two-stroke engine oils is great. These oils are labeled with the abbreviation 2T or 2-stroke. Of course, two-stroke motors are used not only on scooters, but also on boats, chainsaws, mowers, snowmobiles, etc. Obviously, when buying, you need to focus on oils designed for scooters and motorcycles. Automotive oils designed for high-powered engines (M-6 M-12) should not be used, since ash is formed during their combustion, which acts as an abrasive.
Modern oils are presented in two types: fully synthetic (obtained by synthesis from hydrocarbon raw materials) and semi-synthetic (having a part of the mineral base as a product of oil refining). Conventional mineral oils are already out of date, so there is no point in buying them.
The difference between synthetics and semi-synthetics when applied to a scooter is small. Synthetic oil has a higher fluidity, it is slightly better suited for new engines. for example, if you replaced the cylinder-piston group, and it has not yet run in. Or if your engine is heavily loaded. for example, when transporting a well-fed driver or constant driving together. And for engines with mileage, as well as for insignificant loads, semi-synthetics will be just right.
Personally, I use Liqui Moly Motorrad 2T semi-synthetic oil:
And many fellow scooters prefer the synthetic oil Motul 710 2T:
If the manufacturer clearly indicates what type of oil should be poured into the scooter’s oil tank, it is this type that should be poured.
A scooter with a 50 cc engine uses about 800-1000 ml of oil per 1000 km, but this is in ideal conditions. Usually the fuel mixture consumption is higher. The main thing is that the oil gets into the engine in sufficient quantity, for which there is an adjustment of the oil pump.
You should not save on oil. High-quality oil entering the engine in sufficient quantities is the key to its long-term operation.
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Review of the scooter Honda Dio (Honda Dio)
Most of the scooters running across the vastness of our vast are just the same, notorious, Honda Dio. Fortunately, the author of the article has repeatedly dealt with this wonderful scooter model, I believe that I am already a fairly experienced Honda driver, and can already soberly evaluate it from all sides.
According to statistics found on one authoritative resource, more than 30% of all scooter equipment in Russia is just Honda Dio. The reasons for this popularity are quite simple: Of course, this is already the legendary build quality of the scooter. It is worth noting that the Honda Dio af 18 model was released in Japan in the late 80s and is still in service today. Can you imagine a car that is over 20 years old? Most likely, it will be just a wreck on wheels. With scooters, everything is completely different! The twenty-year-old Honda Dio moped can give odds to most “Chinese” both in build quality and in speed characteristics. I can safely say that Honda Dio is already a legend that testifies to the real Japanese quality. It is no coincidence that most scooter rentals choose Honda Dio as the basis of their entire moped fleet. In the hands of your humble servant, dozens of representatives of the Honda Dio scooter clan have visited, and not one of them has been recognized as hopelessly unrepairable. At the same time, the cost of repairs in most cases was just a penny.!
But back to ours. I don’t even know, rather not to rams, but to antelopes, that is, to the line of Honda dio scooters.
Honda launched the scooter in 1988, a bearded year. Initially, the Honda Dio 18 scooter came in two versions, the first was with drum brakes, and the second with disc brakes (Honda Dio 18 SR). The model was safely assembled until 1992, after which the production of this model was stopped! Menno, therefore, I always smile at proposals in the newspapers for the sale of Honda Dio af 18, 98 or 95 editions. Friends, this is impossible. They were not released already. Of course, the condition of the scooter in most cases is really excellent. the Honda Dio is simply brought to an ideal in just a day. This makes it possible for dishonest sellers to overestimate the year of release.
Specifications of the scooter Honda Dio af 18.
Number of cylinders: 1 Number of strokes: 2 Gas distribution systems: petal Cooling system: forced cooling. Maximum engine power: 5.5 horsepower Compression ratio: 7.3 Transmission variator Tire size front and rear wheels wheels: 3.00-10 Running gear Front wheel suspension type: telescopic Rear wheel suspension type: Swingarm Front wheel brake type: drum. Rear wheel brake type: drum. Size and weight Base mm. : 1170 Length mm. : 1655 Height per saddle mm. : 725 Ground clearance: 100 Dry weight: 62 Fuel tank capacity: 4.8
In 1990, the Honda Dio af 27 scooter was released. In total, three versions were released: the basic one with disc brakes (abbreviation SR) and the ZX version with a disc brake and a spoiler equipped with a brake light. And in 1992, the Honda Dio 34 model began to be produced with the abbreviations SR and ZX. Unlike its predecessors, the Honda Dio ZX modification is already more sophisticated, with reinforced front shock absorbers and alloy wheels. And, finally, in 1998, the Honda Dio Smart is released. The main difference: a 4-stroke engine was installed on the scooter. Talking about the difference between these models, the main differences will be only in design, braking systems, engine power.
Why they love Honda Dio so much?
The most important thing you should know about the Honda Dio is that it is optimal for driving on city roads. In other words, for asphalt roads. Thanks to the implementation in the design of the front telescopic fork, the Honda Dio scooter has excellent handling on tarmac. We can even say that the suspension of these models was initially set up for a semi-sporty ride. The travel of the fork is not great and allows you to hold onto the road extremely tenaciously, including entering corners at a higher speed. Hence the Honda Dio’s requirement for a relatively smooth road surface. In the city, the telescopic fork will undoubtedly be a big plus. it allows excellent maneuvering in constant traffic jams.
However, many scooter breeders purchase the Honda Dio scooter for dirt roads as well. But in this case, you need to be prepared for at least preventive replacement of front and rear shock absorbers every season. It is worth noting that shock absorbers for Honda Dio are almost always available for sale and finding the right ones is not a problem at all.
The undoubted plus of the Honda Dio, like all Hondas, has excellent muffler protection, and the air intake and the filter itself are located high enough, which significantly reduces its pollution with sand and dust on country roads.
Of course, the notorious reliability of the Honda Dio engines is already legendary. Even the fact that Honda Dio can run on any brand of gasoline, including 76, speaks of resistance to breakdowns, and if you try to refuel something, you should not abuse it and from your own experience, it is better not to save a penny and fill in 95.
Speaking of the engine, it is worth mentioning its lively character (at least compared to the same Honda Tact). This “liveliness” is embodied in the excellent acceleration dynamics of the Honda Dio, which is especially important in the stream when maneuvering between cars.
Almost the entire model range of Honda Dio can easily run their intended 60 km per hour, but at the same time, they still have a sufficient margin of speed. That is, after a simple tuning, you can easily accelerate it to 70 or even 80 km per hour.
Braking System Honda Dio
Honda Dio scooters are equipped with both disc and drum brakes. Disc brakes wear out faster, but are also more effective when driving on an asphalt road (but it’s worth noting that not always). And of course, of course, disc brakes are more expensive than drum brakes. With the 34th Honda Dio, some scooters have received a combo break kit. (combined braking systems). This means that when you start braking with the front brake, at the same time the rear brake is activated in a proportion of 70%, then 30% at the rear. In general, this innovation is very useful. improves driving safety on the Honda Dio. Especially if you have not very much driving experience yet.
Comfort Honda Dio
Moving around the city on a scooter, of course, is very convenient, but. only when one person rides it. Of course, you can drive the Honda Dio and two people, but of course, this is less comfortable. But the small size of the scooter has its advantages: it is light weight and nimble.
The best part about the Honda Dio is that the scooter is perfect for tuning. It is relatively easy to accelerate a scooter to 75 and even 80 km / h, and with skill, the speed can be increased to a crazy 100 km. per hour (but honestly not recommended!).
But with all this, it is worth remembering that at such speeds, the Honda Dio engine is constantly in the “red” zone and, accordingly, overheats, and other parts are subjected to heavy loads. All the same, for tuning it is better to take larger models, such as the Honda Lead.
Summarizing all of the above, we come to the conclusion that the Honda Dio is really the scooter that will serve faithfully for many years to come. And the ratio of its price, quality, design is just perfect. No “Chinese” can compare with them.