The transmission of a bicycle is subject to heavy loads at a high weight and must adequately fulfill its function of shifting gears.
If the bike is with one speed, then you won’t have to think about this question for a long time. The main thing is to have a high-quality chain. In multi-speed bicycles, you should give preference to models with a planetary hub or cassette on the rear wheel. Both can withstand a weight of 100 kg and more due to their design characteristics.
You shouldn’t choose a bike with a ratchet, which is cheaper but less reliable. You can read more about the difference between a ratchet and a cassette in the article Cassette and ratchet. Pros and cons.
bike for a heavy person
For the average weight of a person, it is customary to consider body weight from 60 kg to 80 kg. The maximum load on most bicycles is up to 100kg, while the dry weight of the bike and the total weight of the luggage should be taken into account in case of its transportation. Thus, a person weighing more than 100 kg may face the problem of choosing a bike that can withstand such a load without any problems.
At the same time, you need to understand that being overweight or physiological characteristics is not at all a reason to give up cycling. On the contrary, many doctors recommend leading an active lifestyle, combining physical activity with cardio training and a bicycle can be an excellent assistant in this, if there are no medical contraindications.
For the correct choice, you can familiarize yourself with some of the information that we provide below or contact a specialist. So, what you need to know when buying a bike for people with a large body mass or for traveling with a child in a child seat, any other luggage.
First of all, we recommend that you decide on the type of bike. mountain or city. How to choose the type of bike can be found on our website in the article What type of bike do you need.
Seatpost and saddle
While the seatpost can normally be adjusted in height, which allows for greater range for a person’s height, things are different with a bike for a heavy person. The higher the seatpost is lifted, the higher the load from the seated person will be on it. This will lead to the fact that at maximum load, the pin will break or crack, which is very unsafe.
That is why we recommend that you do not take the bike close to the height in the smaller direction. It is better to take the frame higher, but at the same time lower the seatpost, reducing the load on it. Also, do not forget to lift a little up from the saddle when exiting curbs and other hills. This will avoid sudden breakdowns on the bike.
As for the saddle, here it is better to act according to the principle. which option will be convenient for you personally. It can be a sports saddle with special pads, and a comfortable city one. There are no clear restrictions, except for the springs, if they are under the saddle as additional cushioning. Springs should not be soft, it is better to give preference to a saddle with stiff springs.
Bicycles for transportation with a mass of 100 kg or more must be equipped with disc brakes or drum brakes. Conventional rim brakes will not be able to handle this load, braking will be ineffective.
Disc brakes work on a different principle and quickly lock the wheel even under high loads, like drum brakes (foot brake). over, the larger the diameter of the disc rotor, the better. For self-selection, choose bicycle models with a rotor diameter of 180mm and above.
If you are planning on buying a city bike, not a mountain bike, then (as a rule) a drum brake is installed there. Disk drives are more often found on mountain models.
If the frame is the skeleton of a bicycle, then the wheels can rightfully be called legs. Their strength and stability determines how the bike will handle pressure from above and below the surface. Pay attention to the wheel rim when choosing a bike. They must be at least double and high profile.
Most of the load is on the rear wheel as a percentage and to a lesser extent on the front wheel. Therefore, you should not save on wheels, especially on the rear wheels when replacing them (if the original equipment does not meet the requirements) and buying new ones. Weak wheels will not withstand heavy loads and will quickly fail, which is not safe and even life-threatening.
Be sure to monitor the external condition of the wheel rim. If you notice cracks at the junction of the spoke and the rim, as well as in any other places on the surface, then immediately change to a new one. Periodically check the tension on the spokes on the wheel, it may loosen over time or be uneven, affecting the strength of the wheel.
Remember that the weaker the wheel, the more likely eights and other deformations will occur. You shouldn’t allow this on a bike that is used with a lot of weight, for obvious reasons.
It is also better to choose a bike with wide tires and keep the pressure inside the chamber closer to the maximum allowable. The maximum pressure designation is always written on the tire itself.
If you look closely at the construction of a bicycle, it becomes clear that the frame is a real skeleton of a bicycle, which receives the greatest loads from all sides. In this case, you should not neglect the quality of the frame, since a lot depends on its strength. Best of all, a steel or heavy-duty aluminum frame is suitable for heavy weight loads.
At the same time, the steel frame will be heavier than the aluminum one, but it is less susceptible to metal fatigue and does not break suddenly. Traces of cracks and wear on the steel frame can be seen in advance with the naked eye.
An aluminum frame will be lighter than steel and will be able to dampen vibrations while riding, but is prone to wear and tear. To extend the life of your bike, it is better to look closely at the aluminum frames made of thick tubes along the entire length.
You should not choose a bike with a carbon frame, which is much lighter and more expensive than all the others, but at the same time it is very fragile and almost beyond repair. Such a frame is designed for high-speed riding of professional athletes, where every gram downwards is worth its weight in gold.
Does Weight Actually Matter?
Pay attention also to the geometry of the frame. If you find it difficult to throw your leg high, then it is better to choose a bike with a sloping frame down. This will make it easier to get on and off the bike. It is not recommended to choose budget two-suspension bicycles, where additional cushioning is provided by installing springs at the rear. It is great if the frame is reinforced with additional triangles, which will make the structure stronger and stiffer, which is necessary for use with heavy loads, not only in terms of weight.
Handlebar and fork
Choosing a fork will not be too difficult and the type of bike also plays a major role here. In a city bike, as a rule, a rigid fork is installed. It can easily withstand a lot of weight, since the fork itself is one-piece and there are no springs subject to wear. Here it is worth starting from the quality of the bike frame as a whole.
In a mountain bike, there is almost always a suspension fork, and in this case we do not recommend choosing budget options. It is better to immediately take an air-oil or air plug with the ability to lock and adjust the smoothness of the ride.
The choice of the steering wheel also depends on the physiological characteristics of a person with a large mass, since the load on him will be higher than usual. It is important that it is comfortable to hold and control, while the hands should not slip or numb. Choose a handlebar with comfortable grips, if you wish, you can replace them with more suitable ones after purchase.
If we conclude from all of the above, it becomes clear that for a heavy person or for using a bicycle with additional load, you should not choose budget models where the equipment and attachments are not designed for a weight of more than 100 kg.
Better to buy a more expensive bike, but be sure that nothing breaks or breaks down while riding. Good equipment will cope with heavy loads and will allow, in the future, to save on repairs.
Need more than high strength stiff shock absorbers and springs to ride safely on steep climbs and descents.
Rigid fork, leather saddle, steel pedals preferred.
Experienced practical cyclists advise not to reinstall anything on a new bike after the purchase, but to roll back what is, and only then proceed with the upgrade (replacement of equipment), and not upgrade everything at once, but gradually replace individual components and parts as their quality deteriorates. It is practical, convenient and less burdensome from a financial point of view.
Normal bike in the 600 price range
The bike must be selected in accordance with the rider’s dimensions. A walking bike is not suitable for obese people. A two-wheeled vehicle must be durable, comfortable and practical.
Lightweight versions and folding models are not even worth considering when you plan to get behind the wheel of an adult heavyweight.
When choosing a bike with sufficient carrying capacity that can withstand large people, you must take safety as a basis for choosing. The design must be reliable, durable and without unnecessary bells and whistles. The best option would be the stable and hardy mountain models. Forward tilt and even distribution of the load on the saddle and arms allow the rider to confidently ride difficult areas on such a bike, while the muscles of the arms are slightly tired, and the tension in the intervertebral discs of the lower back decreases significantly.
It is naive for a heavy person to think that in search of a suitable option, you can find something cheaper. If you’re new to the bike market, remember that pricing is the surest way to pick a reliable bike. Budget models are assembled from materials of appropriate quality. Start looking at options worth 600 and more, because we are talking about your health and safety. But this does not mean that the more expensive the better.
It is unlikely that an obese person weighing 150 kg will light up on extreme tracks and will be able to fully use all the technical potential of an expensive model. so why overpay?
with careful driving, it will not be killed so quickly, even with a large-sized owner.
Riding a bike for heavy people, both men and women, is comparable to an extreme mode, so such cyclists need to be prepared for more frequent repairs of a two-wheeled friend and change of consumables.
Choose strong rims: double or triple for wide tires (slick or semi-slick), preferably with 36 spokes. These wheels will support your weight without any problems. Anti-puncture tires allow you to ride for a long time without surprises.
To shorten the braking distance of the bike under a massive load, you must choose the disc brakes. They will work even with a small eight rims, and if they are still equipped with hydraulics, they are effective and sensitive during emergency braking (while being extremely careful not to bite forward).
Choosing a bike up to 150 kg
Cycling is one of the most important sports hobbies. For many, it is not only a means of transportation, but also a way of life. But what about fat people whose weight is approaching 150 kg? Let’s try to dispel the myth about the inaccessibility of cycling for large people. The main thing is to choose the right iron horse and modify it for your physical data (height, weight).
Keeping the bike in good condition for as long as possible will help not only the correct technical equipment, but also competent riding under maximum load. A few simple tips for an obese cyclist:
- exclude aggressive driving, do not drive the bike, because you drive quieter. you will continue;
- follow the correct fit;
- when driving over uneven areas or moving off a curb, do not sit on the saddle, but stand up on the pedals;
- when climbing a hill, drive in while sitting in order to keep the pedals and carriage longer;
- do not forget to change your hand grip;
- gradually increase your daily bike ride;
- plan a stop in advance, avoid sudden braking, since a large mass, due to inertia, cannot stop instantly;
- constantly think over the upgrade (replacement of equipment).
Regular cycling will allow you to pump all muscle groups with a guarantee and help you lose at least some of the excess weight. The main thing is to put aside complexes and not pay attention to the sympathetic smiles of others, or even to the caustic remarks of envious people. Cycling, don’t be afraid of your weight, enjoy the speed and be healthy!
How to choose a bike for a lot of weight, you can learn from the video.
Features of the
In fact, the 120kg weight is not so heavy that a standard bike cannot support it. Do not think that an ordinary two-wheeled vehicle will break down under a heavy rider. If you look closely, then almost every bike has to experience such a load, except, of course, unreliable Chinese and Turkish models. The fact is that the average weight of an adult man is 80–90 kg, and now add here the weight of the backpack loaded on the hike, the weight of the bike itself, and if a child also sits behind, then the total load will exceed 120 kg. Almost every adult bike has this capacity.
Bicycle manufacturers do not focus on the weight of a large rider; they make models with a different additional load in mind. Another example in this regard: a strong village guy weighing 80–90 kg carries two sacks of potatoes on the front and rear racks of 20–25 kg each. now the total load has already exceeded 120 kg. And it is unlikely that this villager bothered to buy an expensive model; most likely, he chose a budgetary and practical means of transportation. Thus, overweight people should not be afraid to sit on a regular bike: without additional load and in favorable operating conditions, it will withstand a weight of 120 kg.
How to choose?
To be a confident cyclist and not worry about an incident that may happen while riding, use the recommendations for choosing a two-wheeled vehicle.
- Give preference to copies that are equipped with disc brakes, mainly hydraulics. With rim brakes, it is quite difficult to stop a heavily loaded bike, and you also need a distinct modulation.
- The most suitable type of bike for a fat person is an XC, a regular mountain bike that distributes weight evenly between the handlebars and saddle, which is not the case with a walking city bike.
- Don’t think that the most expensive option is the most reliable. Usually expensive samples are equipped with lightweight components, which is not suitable for a heavy person.
- Discard the trial models. They, of course, have an additional margin of safety, but their geometry is still not suitable for a long ride.
Nuances of operation
If an ordinary bicycle is suitable for a tall or overweight person, then the specifics of its use will be slightly different. For example, when riding a road bike with a straight back, all shocks that are not sufficiently cushioned due to the heavy mass will be sent to the intervertebral discs. Such rolling can even cause protrusion or hernia. If you tilt the body slightly forward, then such consequences can be avoided.
It is imperative for a large cyclist to monitor the condition of his transport.
You should contact a bicycle master already at a run of 100 km. let the specialist stretch the spokes of the wheels. Every week you need to check the wheels for the presence of an eight on the rims and fix this problem in a timely manner. Other elements, especially threaded fasteners, require the same control. the connections may loosen from the increased load.
How to choose a bike for a weight of 120 kg?
Adults weighing 120 kg are often unhappy with their figure and want to lose weight through a pleasant and healthy bike ride. However, heavy people at the same time are afraid that the bike simply will not support their weight, hence the double-edged sword. Let’s try to figure out how to choose a bike suitable for men and women weighing 120 kg.
Even lightweight folding models are fine for an overweight rider. The most popular brands are Stark Cobra, Forward Tracer, Stels Pilot, LANGTU, NOVATRACK. If you need a walking bike for a quiet unhurried ride, then the Electra Cruiser 1 Men’s model is suitable for men, and the Giant Simple Single W for women. True, you should be prepared for the high cost of products, justified by prestige and design.
If it is difficult for a large man or a curvy woman to lift a leg, then give preference to models with low geometry. their upper tube is located below.
For example, a bicycle for men and women Dorozhnik Retro corresponds to this design.
The video below provides additional tips for choosing a bike for heavy people.
How to choose the right bike for your height and weight?
It is necessary to choose the right two-wheeled bike for a woman or a man in height and weight.
We take into account when selecting your weight
Before buying, it is advisable to study the information on how to choose a bike by height and weight. If you are the owner of a weight that exceeds 90-100 kg, then do not choose a transport of the maximum size, being guided by the principle that the larger the two-wheeled transport, the more reliable it is. Many people think that this is the most reliable bike for a man. Do not do this under any circumstances. The external fragility of this two-wheeled bike is deceiving.
Moving around on massive vehicles will not be easier, but at times harder. You will not be able to enjoy the ride or top speed on your bike.
If you choose a bicycle for a man, then you must definitely take into account the fact that it is very important for male representatives to check their transport for speed, and if you buy a massive bicycle for a man, then you can forget about speed.
Pay attention to the location of the frame. The frame, which is located on the principle of lowering backwards, will cause discomfort and increased physical activity for people who are heavy.
Why is the selection based on the height and weight of the buyer??
You need to know your height because it makes a huge difference when choosing a frame for your bike. You can use a generic table to calculate data. It contains data such as:
- The cyclist’s height in centimeters with a permissible deviation in the direction of decrease or increase of 7 cm;
- The size of the frame, which is indicated in inches (this is 2.54 cm);
- Frame size (standard size). To make it clearer, these are sizes S, M, L, XL, etc.;
- Frame size, which is indicated in centimeters.
If you do not have such a table nearby, or you simply have not prepared for the purchase and do not know how to choose the right bike, then you can use a different calculation formula to choose a bike by height. It lies in the fact that you will need to measure your length from buttocks to heels. This figure will need to be multiplied by a coefficient, which is 0.65. If you decide to buy yourself a mountain bike by height, then the value of the coefficient will be 0.56. The resulting value will correspond to the ideal size of your two-wheeled vehicle in terms of height.
But even if you forgot about the ratio, and there is nothing at hand to measure the distance from the heels to the buttocks, then you can go the simplest way and choose a bike for height in this way: stand next to the bike and make sure that the frame is lower than your buttocks. The optimal distance between the frame and your buttocks should be in the palm of your hand. This will help you avoid injury during sudden stops. Because, if you do not take into account this nuance, then with sharp braking you can hit the frame with your crotch very hard. You must choose the right bike for a man. Choose the most convenient way for you, how to choose a two-wheeled bike according to your height and weight, and feel free to plan your purchase.
We select what you need
Those who are overweight need to pay more attention to the wheels. Because increasing the load on the rubber can lead to rapid wheel wear. Therefore, for people who are overweight, it is better to choose a mountain bike. These models have good shock absorption, brakes, wide tires, durable wheels. A variety of seating options are available for men, making a mountain bike an attractive purchase and easy to fit.
If for some reason a mountain bike is not suitable, then you can opt for the urban model. This model of a two-wheeled bicycle is very convenient for driving on flat city roads, a good option for men and women. The selection will be successful because they have a low seating position, a very comfortable steering wheel and you do not need to bend over to it, that is, you can safely ensure yourself an upright position while driving. This is a very comfortable bike for an overweight man. Also, this model is often bought by women and the elderly for their height and weight. In terms of speed performance, this two-wheeled bike is not suited for high speeds. This vehicle is not intended for driving on mountain roads.
Also, a cruiser would be an excellent two-wheeled model for a wide range of people. This bike is just made for comfortable movement.
This type of transport has a good massive steering wheel, wide wheels, comfortable seat, frame.
BMX bikes or stunt bikes are designed for extreme riding.
Does Weight Matter On A Mountain Bike? | Lightweight Vs Heavy MTB
As you already understood, the wheels play no less role than the height of the frame, the thickness of the handlebars and other components. To find quality wheels that will withstand the road and the weight you need, you need to have an understanding of the types of wheels. Before you make your choice, you need to remember that wheels are of the following standard sizes:
The most common and demanded wheel size is 26 inches. You will find this size on most bicycles of different models and brands.
Larger wheels are not suitable for all models of this type of transport.
For men who are not only overweight, but also short, the best option would be wheels with a diameter of 24. 26 inches.
If you want to keep your bike on track for as long as possible, pay attention not only to the wheels and frame position, but also to the material your bike is made of:
- The cheapest option is steel. Do not forget that it is steel that is the heaviest and most traumatic material;
- Lighter weight and much better quality are distinguished by models, the construction of which is made of fiberglass;
- Aluminum has proven itself well in the market for bicycles;
- Combined materials.
Before choosing a bike for a man or a woman, you need to be able to test the bike on the road. So that in practice you already feel whether the size and position of the frame suits you, its tilt, how confident the wheels feel on the road. How great is the load on the musculoskeletal system. Do you have a strong sense of the road. Is the steering wheel comfortable for you? How quickly braking occurs. After all, only after a ride on it, you can understand whether you made the right choice, whether the bike matches your height and weight.
Which bike to choose for a person with a lot of weight
Most bike manufacturers claim a maximum rider weight of 100-120kg. What should those who, having a large body weight, do, want to pick up a bicycle for themselves? We will try to give some recommendations. If it is thesis, then a bicycle for a person with a large weight should have the following characteristics:
- Sturdy aluminum frame.
- Double rims.
- Large wheel diameter.
- 36 spokes, spokes at least 2.0.
- Good bushings on industrial bearings.
- Disc brakes.
Now a little more details.
A bike for a heavy person must be reliable, from a good manufacturer and, as a result, not the cheapest. If you choose a bike class, then a mountain bike, due to its design and purpose, is well suited. The mountain bike has a reinforced frame, adapted for more extreme conditions of use. A horizontal position allows the rider’s weight to be more evenly distributed across both wheels. Part of the cyclist’s weight is transferred to the arms, and, accordingly, the load on the spinal column is lower, which makes the ride less traumatic. Give preference to a hardtail, it is better to refuse a double suspension. It is better to choose an aluminum frame with a thick profile, not battered (not lightweight). Steel frames tend to be stronger, but steel (or chrome-molded) frames are used to build low-end bicycles where the level of body kit and components is poor.
When choosing a bike for a person with a large weight, special attention should be paid to the wheels. Initially, it makes sense to look at mountain bikes with 29 and 27.5-inch wheels. Greater contact area with the ground, and therefore more even weight distribution. Maintain the maximum (recommended) tire pressure. The recommended pressure level is always written on the sidewall of the tire. If possible, give preference to anti-puncture tires. If you have a choice, go for a rigid fork and a rigid seatpost. When the cyclist is heavily weighted, the cushioning will only take the bike faster. True, in this case, most likely, the question of choosing between a mountain bike and a road bike will arise, since mountain bikes are initially equipped with shock-absorbing forks.
Keep a close eye on the condition of your bicycle wheels. Having exhausted the resource of the stock wheels, it is advisable to replace them with more durable ones, on bushings with industrial bearings. The rear wheel of the bicycle experiences more stress than the front. Be sure to take double rims, wider, with 36 spokes. When driving over bumps, when moving off curbs, stand up from the saddle, thereby reducing the load on the wheels. Ride better in lower gears (more frequent cadence with less load).
Now a little more detail about the brakes. Due to the large mass of the cyclist, the braking distance is increased. Emergency braking requires the most grippy brakes. Disc brakes on a bicycle have better grip, their work does not depend on the presence of small eights on the wheels, unlike V-brakes. As for the choice of mechanics or hydraulics, hydraulics are better, again, the modulation of the braking force is better, the braking is clearer and faster.
Finally, we recommend replacing the stock pedals with sturdy aluminum BMX platform pedals. They are inexpensive, they can withstand loads well.
In general, being overweight is not a reason to deny yourself the pleasure of cycling. One has only to take into account the above recommendations. Good luck!
Table: bike size for height
Several decades ago, everyone traveled to the Urals, at least in the city, even in the village. Choosing a bike is also simple: if only you can reach the pedals when you are sitting. It was not always convenient. Nowadays, everything has changed a lot. City bicycles, road bicycles, mountain bicycles, BMX and others appeared. The choice is now much more difficult. It is necessary to take into account the intended riding style, location. And in order to choose the right frame size, you need to consider your height.
To make sure the frame is not too big, you need to place the bike between your legs. The shoes should be the way the buyer is going to ride, the knees are straight, the back touches the saddle. There should be a distance between the crotch and the frame, approximately equal to the width of the palm. For road racing a little less: 5-10 cm, for mountain and BMX more: 10-20 cm.
Riding a bike with a frame touching the groin is traumatic. When jumping, there is a high probability of hitting the upper pipe.
Choosing a bike for a child
There are some fundamental differences here. Firstly, there is no need to teach a child immediately to an adult bicycle or buy it for growth. This is fraught with injury. The child will not be able to easily reach the pedals. Forced to constantly stretch, it can fall or slide off the seat and hit the frame. Also, he does not have enough strength to press the brakes, since their handles are large. And they are pressed too tight.
Secondly, it is better to select children’s bicycles not only by the size of the frame, but also by the diameter of the wheel. After all, the distance to the frame is adjusted by the height of the saddle and handlebars. This will help you navigate the table Bike size for a child.
Depending on the weight
If the cyclist weighs more than 100 kg, he may be offered a bike with a larger frame size. The fact is that for models from L and above, manufacturers make a reinforced frame designed for taller people. Don’t make this very common mistake. It is not for nothing that there is a special table. The size of the bike is indicated in it for a reason. It is better to look for reinforced frames from other manufacturers, but of a suitable size. If you ride a bike that is too high, your muscles will get very tired, you will have to constantly reach for the pedals, and when jumping down, the risk of hitting your crotch on the frame increases. As a result, there will be no pleasure in driving.
Universal Bike Size Chart
It is easy to find the size of your bike using this chart. But it is suitable exclusively for classic frames. If you choose a mountain or BMX bike, you will have to focus on other numbers.
|Frame size in inches||Frame size in centimeters||Conditional letter designation||Cyclist height in centimeters|