Under what malfunctions the bicycle is prohibited

3 World Record Breaking Bikes. So Fast They Were Banned!

Malfunctions of the braking system, in which the operation of the vehicle is prohibited

1.1. During road tests, the following braking performance standards with the service braking system (for passenger cars) are not met:

The braking distance is no more than 12.2 meters. Steady-state deceleration not less than 6.8 m / s2.

Note: The tests are carried out on a horizontal section of the road with a smooth, dry, clean cement or asphalt concrete surface at a speed of 40 km / h at the beginning of braking.

Vehicles are tested in running order with a driver by a single action on the control of the service brake system.

Actually, in this section everything is written in Russian and even understandable, but the authors seem to have managed to scare you with faulty brakes even earlier. The only thing that is not entirely clear is the “steady-state deceleration”.

The traffic police are armed with a device that is rigidly attached to the car body when testing the brakes. It displays the amount of braking that is measured in the same units as normal acceleration and deceleration. When carrying out the so-called “instrumental control” over the technical condition of the transport, both of the above parameters are taken from the readings of the test brake stand.

1.2. The tightness of the hydraulic brake drive is broken.

Leakage of pipes, hoses and cylinders is one of the reasons for the appearance of air bubbles in the system, and what is the threat. you already know. In addition, initially insignificant leakage can lead to a “dam break” in a particular place of the hydraulic brake actuator. This usually occurs when the brake pedal is pressed hard and hard. The pedal “falls to the floor” and then no one knows who or what will help stop the car.

1.5. The parking brake system does not provide a stationary state: vehicles with full load. on a slope up to 16% inclusive. passenger cars in running order. on a slope up to 23% inclusive.

Why do you need a parking brake, you recently learned. The safety of both the car itself and its passengers and the safety of other road users depends on its performance.

Imagine a mass of about a ton, which, without the participation of the driver, begins to spontaneously move. There will probably be a lot of problems! That is why, when stopping on a slope, the driver must activate the parking brake. And in case of long parking with the engine off, a competent driver additionally includes the first (or reverse) gear. An idle engine, through the connected transmission units, reliably keeps the wheels and the car itself from spontaneous movement in the absence of the owner.

I hope everything is clear, just let’s understand the terminology of the official text.

A car in running order is a car completely filled with operating fluids and materials, equipped with a standard tool and a spare wheel, and in the car, at this time, there is only one driver without passengers.

A full-load car is an equipped car, in which there are not only the driver, but also all passengers in accordance with the number of seats intended for them, as well as 50 kg of cargo in the trunk.

Since road science and mathematics are not exactly the same, the bias in this case is expressed as a percentage, not in degrees.

“And how is that?” must ask nine out of ten readers. The answer is in Figure 55.

In the event of a malfunction of the service brake system, further movement of vehicles is prohibited in accordance with paragraph 2.3.1. Road traffic regulations.

As in the event of a failure of the steering, and in this case, the law and logic prohibits you from further movement of the car. And it is unlikely that most of you will have a desire to ride without brakes. It is better to ride sitting next to the driver of the towing service vehicle (full or partial loading) than later to be a passenger in another car and in a horizontal position.

Malfunctions in which the operation of the car is prohibited

Any vehicle. it is source of increased danger. And even a bicycle. Therefore, the driver who gets behind the wheel must clearly understand the degree of responsibility that he assigns to himself.

It often happens that drivers adequately assess their responsibility for accident-free driving of their vehicle: they move without formal traffic violations, respect the rights of other participants (for example, pedestrians), give way to priority road users. But accidents still take place. What is the reason for this seemingly paradoxical phenomenon? And the secret lies in the neglect of elementary requirements to ensure the health of a moving vehicle.

Malfunctions How often drivers forget about them, naively believing that they do not carry any danger (even potential) for traffic safety. In addition, convincing others that he is law-abiding and at the same time driving a faulty car, the driver falls into the most severe contradiction, because the traffic rules unambiguously interpret the latter as a gross violation of the law. Let’s try to figure it out.

The Russian legislator divided all possible vehicle malfunctions into three groups.

The first included malfunctions, with which the movement is strictly prohibited (even to the place of parking or repair). This list of faults is positioned by the text of the traffic rules itself (section 2). In the event of a malfunction or non-functioning, firstly, the brake system, and secondly, the steering, the movement is strictly prohibited. over, the traffic conditions are absolutely unimportant. visibility, condition of the roadway, time of year or day, etc. Three more malfunctions are indicated under the condition: you must not operate the car if:

1) External lighting devices do not function (in the dark or with insufficient visibility);

2) The hitch does not work (when driving a car with a trailer);

3) The wiper does not work (however, only from the driver’s side and when it is necessary to use it).

It is worth asking the question: “And for what reason did the legislator determine just such a list of faults?” The answer to the question is obvious. In the presence of these malfunctions, the vehicle becomes source of total danger on the road. Regardless of the driver, even strictly observing traffic safety rules and incredible care and accuracy, these malfunctions functionally affect the road situation.

That is why, in the event of any of the five malfunctions indicated above, the driver must refrain from further movement, and if it is impossible to eliminate the problem on the spot, refuse to use the vehicle altogether. Otherwise, the unpleasant prospect of a ban on the operation of a car with the removal of registration plates as an administrative sanction dawns. It. best case scenario. At worst. an accident is almost inevitable.

The second group of faults. more personable. These are problems of the mechanical part of the car, in which the movement is prohibited, but it is still allowed to follow to the place of the proposed parking or repair, subject to the necessary conditions and safety measures. This list is clearly indicated in the “Basic Provisions for the Admission of Vehicles to Operation”.

The greatest “popularity” is inherent in the following problems of the technical condition of vehicles: 1) malfunction of the parking brake system (handbrake); 2) exceeding the permissible backlash of the steering wheel; 3) inoperative windshield wipers and washers; 4) exceeding the permissible tire tread wear; 5) problems of the exhaust system; 6) absence or inadequate quality of seat belts; 7) malfunction of the sound signal; 8) lack of necessary trunk attributes (first aid kit, fire extinguisher, and emergency stop sign).

With such malfunctions, it is allowed to move to a garage or car service for the reason that road safety depends on their presence correlatively; that is, due care and deliberate caution of the driver will allow to neutralize (albeit for a short time) the fact of these problems of the technical condition of the car.

The third group of faults is generally not positioned by the legislator as faults proper. Inoperative shock absorber or window, cooling system temperature gauge, etc. do not prohibit the operation of the vehicle. However, this is a very controversial point. Any malfunction. this is the possibility of an abnormal situation in traffic conditions.

In general, the “golden rule” of safety says: any, even an insignificant malfunction, which is not implemented in time for repair, will lead to the aggravation of technical problems. This, in turn, will affect road safety.

Brake system

If in the traffic rules this norm is spelled out rather vaguely (the working vehicle is faulty), then the Appendix contains specific technical malfunctions of the brakes, in which the operation of the car is prohibited:

  • The braking efficiency of a car does not correspond to the indicators capitalized in GOST 051709-2001. We are talking about a working TK (there can be 4 of them: parking, spare, auxiliary). Among these indicators is the length of the braking distance, and it is not identical to the track of the wheels of the car, left after they are blocked, since the tires are not blocked immediately. Checking the effectiveness of brakes is carried out on a special stand, and the very method of such tests is described in the above-mentioned GOST.
  • The brake actuator is depressurized. This term means a violation of the integrity of the vehicle parts, expressed by the presence of fluid leakage from the main and working cylinders, as well as from the places where the hoses and tubes are connected with the vehicle parts. The tightness of the brakes must comply with GOST 023181-78.
  • If, as a result of loss of tightness, the level of pressure drop in the vehicle of pneumatic / hydropneumatic type with the power unit inoperative exceeds 0.05 MPa within 0.25 hours after fully pressing the brake pedal with full force.
  • Inoperative pressure gauge present in the vehicle of pneumatic / hydropneumatic type.
  • The parking brake does not hold the vehicle. For fully equipped buses / cars this is a gradient of up to 23%, for equipped trucks. 31%. Parking brake tests are carried out at the stand, testing is also allowed in road conditions (overpass).
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Wheels and tires

Tires are considered the most expensive consumable for a car, so many motorists drive “bald” tires almost to the last, putting themselves and other road users at great risk. Let us list under which tire malfunctions the operation of the car is prohibited:

malfunctions, bicycle, prohibited
  • If their residual tread height is less than 8 mm (motor vehicles), less than one millimeter for cars, less than 1.6 for trucks and 2 mm for buses (GOST 025478-91). These requirements have been introduced to ensure the safe movement of the vehicle on a wet road surface, while the amount of wear is measured in the middle of the tire. If the tire manufacturer has provided for the presence of a special colored indicator, the permissible residual tread depth is determined in accordance with this indicator.
  • If the tires have defects (cuts, holes, tears), as a result of which the cord (metal wire that is part of the tires) is visible, or there is a delamination of the carcass, or when the side of the tire is peeling from the tread. Such damage can cause a sudden tire rupture, and if the vehicle is moving at speed, it can lose control until it rolls over.
  • In the absence of fasteners, in the presence of cracks on the disc, if the shape and dimensions of the fastening holes do not correspond to the nominal.
  • If tires are installed on vehicles that do not correspond to a specific car model in terms of geometric dimensions or permissible maximum load. The installation of such rubber can cause a decrease in carrying capacity and a significant deterioration in the smoothness of the ride, as well as a change for the worse in characteristics such as stability and controllability of the vehicle.
  • If unequal tires are installed on one axle of the machine, differing in the type of construction (chamber / tubeless), dimensions, tread pattern, presence / absence of studs, frost resistance, tread depth. in all these cases, the tires will behave differently during movement and braking, which may cause an emergency or vehicle drift into the ditch.

Engine

The engine is the heart of the car, but many car owners are convinced that its malfunctions do not significantly affect the safety of the DD. In fact, this is not so, and this is what the list of power unit malfunctions says about this, in which the operation of a car is not allowed:

  • exhaust, as well as the amount of smoke do not meet the requirements of GOST 052033/052033 / 052160-2003. In particular, carbon monoxide for vehicles not equipped with catalysts, when the power unit is operating at minimum crankshaft speed, should not exceed the value set by the automaker, and in the absence of such a requirement, should not exceed 3.5%.
  • If you have a standard catalytic converter, you must also focus on the manufacturer’s tolerances, and if they are absent, do not exceed 1%. Otherwise, the vehicle should be considered defective until the reasons for exceeding environmental standards for carbon monoxide emissions are eliminated. Smoke standards for diesel power units are determined by GOST 052160-2003. To measure the smoke of the engine, a technique is used to assess the degree of absorption of the luminous flux in a certain volume of exhaust gas. Such measurements are carried out using special stationary and mobile measuring devices.
  • The tightness of the vehicle power supply system is broken. In this case, fuel leaks are fraught with the occurrence of a fire and even an explosion, if they are localized in the area of ​​the fuel tank. Such malfunctions are detected by external inspection of the car, as well as by smell (most types of hydrocarbon fuels are characterized by a specific pungent odor). If the car is equipped with HBO, its operation is prohibited when the next inspection of such equipment has expired.
  • Exhaust system defective. All connections must be in good condition, depressurization is unacceptable, as well as unauthorized gas leakage and air leakage. It is determined by the noise of the engine (depressurization leads to an increase in the noise of the car), as well as by the presence of a characteristic odor in the cabin.
  • The crankcase ventilation system of the power unit is depressurized.

Steering

The second item in the list, under which malfunctions the operation of the car is prohibited, is the steering.

The main requirement concerns the absolute value of the backlash, which should take on the following boundary values:

  • 10º. for passenger cars;
  • 20º. for buses;
  • 25º. for cargo vehicles.

Backlash here means turning the steering wheel at a certain angle, which is not accompanied by turning the wheels. If the backlash for these types of vehicles is greater than the limit values, this means that the parts of the steering mechanism are so worn out that they pose a danger, or that there is a weakening of the fasteners of the RU parts, or its adjustments are significantly violated.

The measurement of the backlash is carried out with a special tool. a backlash meter. If the steering is equipped with an amplifier, the check for the presence / absence of backlash is carried out on a car with a muffled power unit.

It is forbidden to operate vehicles if the RU units are displaced relative to the standard places, or do not correspond to the spatial position provided for by the design, with loose threaded connections. All these faults are identified by visual inspection by turning the steering wheel. Tightening of threaded connections is carried out using wrenches equipped with a dynamometer.

External lighting devices

It is hardly surprising that as many points in the Appendix are devoted to the malfunctions of optical devices, in which the further operation of the car is prohibited, as to problems with the brakes, because there are a lot of lighting devices on vehicles, and not all of them belong to lighting, that is, they are important in Night time. Let’s list them:

  • If the number, location, mode of operation, color of lighting devices (hereinafter referred to only about external lighting / signaling devices) does not meet the design requirements for a specific vehicle model. There is also an exception regarding discontinued vehicles. it is allowed to install joint ventures on them that differ from the standard ones, but only if there is a positive conclusion from a competent organization. These can be car manufacturers, testing laboratories, licensed certification bodies. The very requirements for the above criteria (quantity, mode of operation, location and color) are regulated by GOST 08769-75. So, any speaker should be equipped with the following set of lighting equipment: low / high beam, dimensions, turning lights, braking lights, a lamp for lighting a license plate, reflectors.
  • If the headlight adjustment on a vehicle differs from the requirements set out in GOST 051709-2001. The same document describes the correct method for verifying the SP adjustment, including self-testing, using a wallboard or its projection. According to this document, it is prohibited to operate foreign cars with a different light distribution (for example, with a right-hand drive, which have either symmetrical or left-shifted light distribution).
  • If the operating mode of the joint venture does not comply with GOST 051709-2001. So, in the flashing mode, only the direction indicators are allowed to function, and with a frequency in the range of 60-120 flashes / minute, and the alarm. Blinking is not the switching of the warning headlights and the blinking of the brake light during intermittent braking. It also provides a requirement to keep the joint venture clean, and if the car is equipped with means for cleaning them, this equipment must be serviceable.
  • If lamps or light diffusers are used that differ from the standard ones provided by the design of the speaker.
  • If flashing beacons are installed on the car, the parameters of which do not meet the requirements of GOST 050574-93, or their visibility, as well as the method of attachment, differs from that stated in this document.
  • If the following joint ventures are installed on the vehicle:
  • in front. fog lights that do not shine in yellow / white;
  • on the sides. direction indicators that do not shine in orange / yellow;
  • in the front of the car. any other joint venture that does not shine in white;
  • behind. brake lights that do not shine in red, turn signals that do not shine in orange / yellow tones, lights for lighting the license plate and reverse. do not shine with a white stream.

External lighting devices

Note. On vehicles out of production, it is allowed to install external lighting devices from vehicles of other brands and models.

in front. lighting fixtures with lights of any color other than white, yellow or orange, and retroreflective devices of any color other than white;

behind. reversing and state registration plate lighting with lights of any color other than white and other lighting devices with lights of any color other than red, yellow or orange, as well as reflective devices of any color other than red.

Note. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply to state registration, distinctive and identification marks installed on vehicles.

Steering

2.1. The total steering play exceeds the following values:

Vehicle Backlash
Cars and trucks and buses created on their basis 10
Buses twenty
Trucks 25

where, backlash. Total backlash no more (degrees).

List of faults and conditions under which the operation of vehicles is prohibited

This List establishes malfunctions of cars, buses, road trains, trailers, motorcycles, mopeds, tractors, other self-propelled vehicles and the conditions under which their operation is prohibited. Methods for checking the given parameters are regulated by GOST R 51709-2001 “Motor vehicles. Safety requirements for technical condition and methods of checking”.

Wheels and tires

for vehicles of categories L. 0.8 mm;

for vehicles of categories N2, N3, O3, O4. 1 mm;

for vehicles of categories M1, N1, O1, O2. 1.6 mm;

for vehicles of categories M2, M3. 2 mm.

The residual tread depth of winter tires designed for operation on icy or snow-covered road surfaces, marked with a sign in the form of a mountain peak with three peaks and a snowflake inside it, as well as marked with signs “MS”, “MS”, “MS” (in the absence of indicators wear), during operation on the specified surface is no more than 4 mm.

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Note. The designation of the vehicle category in this paragraph is established in accordance with Appendix No. 1 (Road signs) to the technical regulation of the Customs Union “On the safety of wheeled vehicles”, adopted by the decision of the Commission of the Customs Union of December 9, 2011 No. 877.

Braking systems

vehicles with full load. on a slope up to 16 percent inclusive;

cars and buses in running order. on a slope up to 23 percent inclusive;

trucks and road trains in running order. on a slope up to 31 percent inclusive.

List of faults and conditions under which the operation of vehicles is prohibited

This List establishes malfunctions of cars, buses, road trains, trailers, motorcycles, mopeds, tractors, other self-propelled vehicles and the conditions under which their operation is prohibited. Methods for checking the given parameters are regulated by GOST R 51709-2001 “Motor vehicles. Safety requirements for technical condition and methods of checking”.

Top 10 Things The UCI Have Banned

1.1. The braking efficiency standards of the working brake system do not comply with GOST R 51709-2001.

1.2. The tightness of the hydraulic brake drive is broken.

1.3. Violation of the tightness of the pneumatic and pneumohydraulic brake drives causes a drop in air pressure when the engine is not running by 0.05 MPa or more in 15 minutes after they are fully activated. Compressed air leak from wheel brake chambers.

1.4. The pressure gauge of the pneumatic or pneumohydraulic brake actuators does not work.

1.5. The parking brake system does not ensure a stationary state:

  • vehicles with full load. on a slope up to 16 percent inclusive;
  • cars and buses in running order. on a slope up to 23 percent inclusive;
  • trucks and road trains in running order. on a slope up to 31 percent inclusive.

2.1. The total steering play exceeds the following values:

  • Cars and trucks and buses created on their basis. 10
  • Buses. twenty
  • Trucks. 25

2.2. There are movements of parts and assemblies not provided for by the design. Threaded connections are not tightened or secured in the prescribed manner. Inoperative device for fixing the position of the steering column.

2.3. Defective or missing design power steering or steering damper (for motorcycles).

External lighting devices

3.1. The number, type, color, location and mode of operation of external lighting devices do not meet the requirements of the vehicle design.

Note. On vehicles out of production, it is allowed to install external lighting devices from vehicles of other brands and models.

3.2. Headlight adjustment does not comply with GOST R 51709-2001.

3.3. Do not work in the established mode or external light devices and reflectors are dirty.

3.4. There are no diffusers on the lighting devices or diffusers and lamps are used that do not correspond to the type of this lighting device.

3.5. Installation of flashing beacons, methods of their attachment and visibility of the light signal do not meet the established requirements.

3.6. The vehicle is equipped with:

  • in front. lighting fixtures with lights of any color other than white, yellow or orange, and retroreflective devices of any color other than white;
  • behind. reversing and state registration plate lighting with lights of any color other than white and other lighting devices with lights of any color other than red, yellow or orange, as well as reflective devices of any color other than red.

Note. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply to state registration, distinctive and identification marks installed on vehicles.

Windscreen wipers and washers

malfunctions, bicycle, prohibited

4.1. The windshield wipers do not work in the established mode.

4.2. The windshield washers provided by the vehicle design do not work.

5.1. The residual depth of the tire tread pattern (in the absence of wear indicators) is no more than:

  • for vehicles of categories L. 0.8 mm;
  • for vehicles of categories N2, N3, O3, O4. 1 mm;
  • for vehicles of categories M1, N1, O1, O2. 1.6 mm;
  • for vehicles of categories M2, M3. 2 mm.

The residual tread depth of winter tires intended for operation on icy or snow-covered road surfaces, marked with a sign in the form of a mountain peak with three peaks and a snowflake inside it, as well as marked with signs “MS”, “MS”, “MS” (in the absence of wear indicators), during operation on the specified surface is no more than 4 mm.

Note. The designation of the vehicle category in this paragraph is established in accordance with Appendix No. 1 to the technical regulation of the Customs Union “On the safety of wheeled vehicles”, adopted by the decision of the Commission of the Customs Union of December 9, 2011 No. 877.

5.2. Tires have external damage (punctures, cuts, breaks), exposing the cord, as well as delamination of the carcass, peeling of the tread and sidewall.

5.3. There is no fastening bolt (nut) or there are cracks in the disc and rims of the wheels, there are visible irregularities in the shape and size of the fastening holes.

5.4. Tires are not the correct size or load capacity for the vehicle model.

5.5. Tires of various sizes, designs (radial, diagonal, chamber, tubeless), models, with different tread patterns, frost-resistant and non-frost-resistant, new and remanufactured, new and with a deep tread pattern are installed on one axle of the vehicle. The vehicle has studded and non-studded tires.

6.1. harmful substances in exhaust gases and their smokiness exceed the values ​​established by GOST R 52033-2003 and GOST R 52160-2003.

6.2. The tightness of the power system is broken.

6.3. Defective exhaust system.

6.4. The tightness of the crankcase ventilation system is broken.

6.5. The permissible level of external noise exceeds the values ​​established by GOST R 52231-2004.

Other structural elements

7.1. The number, location and class of rear-view mirrors do not correspond to GOST R 51709-2001, there are no glasses provided for by the design of the vehicle.

7.2. Beep does not work.

7.3. Additional items or coatings applied to restrict visibility from the driver’s seat.

Note. Transparent colored films can be attached to the top of the windshield of cars and buses. It is allowed to use tinted glass (except for mirror glass), the light transmission of which complies with GOST 5727-88. It is allowed to use curtains on the windows of tourist buses, as well as blinds and curtains on the rear windows of passenger cars if there are external rear-view mirrors on both sides.

7.4. The locks of the body or cab doors provided by the design, the locks of the sides of the cargo platform, the locks of the necks of the tanks and the caps of the fuel tanks, the mechanism for adjusting the position of the driver’s seat, the emergency switch of the doors and the signal of the request to stop on the bus, the interior lighting of the bus interior, emergency exits and the devices them in action, door control drive, speedometer, tachograph, anti-theft devices, heating and windscreen blowers.

7.5. No design rear guard, mud aprons or mudguards.

7.6. The towing and fifth wheel of the tractor and the trailer link are faulty, and the safety cables (chains) provided for by their design are absent or faulty. There are backlashes in the joints of the motorcycle frame with the side trailer frame.

  • on buses, cars and trucks, wheeled tractors. first aid kit, fire extinguisher, emergency stop sign in accordance with GOST R 41.27-2001;
  • on trucks with a maximum authorized weight over 3.5 tons and buses with a maximum authorized weight over 5 tons, wheel chocks (must be at least two);
  • on a motorcycle with a side trailer. first aid kit, emergency stop sign in accordance with GOST R 41.27-2001.

7.8. Unlawful equipment of vehicles with the identification mark “Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation”, flashing beacons and (or) special sound signals, or the presence on the outer surfaces of vehicles of special color schemes, inscriptions and designations that do not meet the state standards of the Russian Federation.

7.9. There are no seat belts and (or) seat head restraints, if their installation is provided for by the design of the vehicle or the Basic Provisions for the admission of vehicles to operation and the duties of officials to ensure road safety.

7.10. Seat belts are inoperative or have visible tears on the shoulder strap.

7.11. Spare wheel holder, winch and lifting mechanism do not work. lowering the spare wheel. The winch ratchet does not fix the drum with the lashing rope.

7.12. On the semi-trailer there is no or faulty support device, locks of the transport position of the supports, mechanisms for raising and lowering the supports.

7.13. The tightness of the seals and connections of the engine, gearbox, final drives, rear axle, clutch, battery, cooling and air conditioning systems and hydraulic devices additionally installed on the vehicle is broken.

7.14. The technical parameters indicated on the outer surface of the gas cylinders of cars and buses equipped with a gas supply system do not correspond to the data of the technical passport, there are no dates of the last and planned survey.

7.15. The state registration plate of the vehicle or the method of its installation does not meet GOST R 50577-93.

7.15 1. There are no identification marks that must be installed in accordance with paragraph 8 of the Basic Provisions for the Admission of Vehicles to Operation and the duties of officials to ensure road safety, approved by a resolution of the Council of Ministers. Government of the Russian Federation of October 23, 1993 N 1090 “On the rules of the road”.

7.16. There are no safety arcs on motorcycles.

7.17. On motorcycles and mopeds there are no footpegs provided for by the design, transverse handles for passengers on the saddle.

7.18. Changes have been made to the vehicle design without the permission of the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation or other bodies determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

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In the traffic rules there is a whole section, which says that it is prohibited to operate the car in the presence of certain malfunctions. And then there is a whole list of malfunctions in which the driver should stop using the car. This list is very long and difficult to remember, but the fact is, that you don’t need to memorize it, you just need to understand what’s what.

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So, the traffic rules list only 5 malfunctions in which further movement is prohibited. This is a steering malfunction in which you cannot turn the wheels of the car, this is a malfunction of the brakes, in which you cannot stop the car, even if you are driving at low speed, this is a malfunction. wiper on the driver’s side, but only during rain or snow, this is not a working light, but only in the dark or in conditions of insufficient visibility, this is a malfunction of the hitch, if you are towing a trailer. In the event of these 5 malfunctions, you must stop moving and continue to move only on a tow truck.

What to do in the event of any other malfunctions?

As I said, the list of faults in which operation is prohibited is very long. Here it is important to understand the difference between operation and driving.

The rules prescribe that if a malfunction occurs from the list, it must be eliminated on the spot, and if this is not possible, then it is allowed to move to the parking lot or repair site with extreme caution. Please note that operation is prohibited, but you can move.

Simply put, if your mudguard has come off, you cannot operate the car. That is, you cannot constantly drive without this mudguard. You can only get to the place of repair. If the traffic police inspector indicates the absence of this mudguard, then you can say that you are going to a car service to change it. And if tomorrow he sees you again with this malfunction, he will have the right to fine for operating a faulty car.

And if you don’t want to memorize the list of such faults, you can simply understand by what criteria these faults are included in this list. So, they either affect traffic safety, or violate the rights of other citizens (for example, to silence), or harm the environment.

And if your malfunction occurs falls into these criteria, then stop operation and repair the car.

Breakdown of the steering system, preventing the vehicle from being operated

It is forbidden to release on highways and highways vehicles in which the total steering play exceeds:

  • trucks 25 mm;
  • buses 20 mm;
  • cars 10 mm.
malfunctions, bicycle, prohibited

It is strictly forbidden to operate vehicles of any category and design, which have:

  • Installation of parts and assemblies not provided for by the design documentation has been completed.
  • They move as part of the vehicle.
  • The thread is not tightened to the required standard tightening torque.
  • Fasteners are not fixed in the manner specified by the TD.
  • The position of the steering column is not fixed.
  • Missing or broken power steering or steering damper on motorcycles.

Engine

It is not permissible to operate mobile vehicles with an excess of the content of harmful and toxic substances in the exhaust gases, as well as the smoke of the exhaust exceeding the standards according to GOST R 52033-2003 and GOST R 52160-2003, with leaky fuel lines, faulty exhaust exhaust system, lack of ventilation crankcase, exceeding the permissible noise and vibration level in accordance with GOST R 52231-2004.

Under what malfunctions is the operation of the car prohibited??

Starting from 28.07.2017, the law “On OSAGO” is in force in the Russian Federation. The document regulates the List of the most serious technical breakdowns of components and assemblies of all vehicles operating on the roads of the country.

For the attention of the readers, we present a list of faults in which the operation of the vehicle is prohibited in 2021.

The main malfunctions of the brake system

For the braking system, restrictions when driving on highways and general roads are established if the efficiency of the brakes does not comply with GOST R 51709-2001, there are violations of the tightness of the hydraulic system of the brake drive, the tightness of the pneumohydraulic and pneumatic brake drives.

The movement of vehicles in 2021 is prohibited if the decrease in air pressure with the engine stopped is 0.05 MPa or more within 15 minutes after pressing the pedal, if compressed air leaves the brake cylinders on the wheels, the pressure gauge of the pneumohydraulic or pneumatic brake drive is out of order.

You cannot operate all types of vehicles if the hand brake does not allow you to hold it motionless:

  • fully loaded vehicles on the plane of inclination of 16%;
  • buses, cars on the slope plane 23%;
  • trucks, road trains on a slope plane 31%.

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The need to ban the operation of the vehicle

The list provides for critical failures of units, mechanisms of all self-propelled vehicles, tractors, cars, buses, mopeds, motorcycles, trailers, road trains, other means of transportation and conditions, upon the occurrence of which, their operation on highways is prohibited.

Fault checking in Russia is regulated by GOST R 51709-2001. The list covers systems, units, mechanisms that most affect traffic safety and safety of people: brakes, lighting equipment, steering, engine, windshield wipers, washers.

Faulty washers and wipers

The operation of all vehicles is prohibited if the wiper in a moving vehicle does not work, the windshield washer does not work.

Test on traffic rules “Bicycle drivers” for students of the 8th grade test on compulsory (8th grade) on the topic

Test on traffic rules “Bicycle drivers” for 8th grade students

Slide captions:

Test “Rules of the road for bicycle drivers”

After dark: It is enough if the cyclist illuminates the road with the included flashlight; 2. On the bike, the headlight and tail light must be on; 3. The headlight must be on on the bike.

Cyclists traveling in a group on a highway can ride: 1. In two rows; 2. Only one at a time, one after the other; 3. In three rows.

Can passengers be transported on a bicycle? 1. Yes you can; 2. It is prohibited; 3. It is prohibited, except for a child under 7 years of age, on an additional seat equipped with reliable footrests.

The cyclist should give a warning signal about changing the direction of movement: Only when overtaking or turning to the right; 2. Only when overtaking and turning left; 3. Whenever the direction of travel changes.

If there are three road lanes on the highway, separated by longitudinal dashed lines, then you should go: On the right or in the middle lane, according to your own view; 2. In the middle lane; 3. On the right road lane at a distance of one meter from the edge of the carriageway.

If a cyclist wants to overtake a vehicle, then he: 1. Should not give a warning signal and can immediately make his maneuver; 2. Shall give a warning signal of a change in direction of travel only if he sees another vehicle that follows him; 3. Be sure to give a warning signal with your hand.

If the barrier at a railway crossing begins to lower or if an audible signal is given: You can cross the crossing with extreme caution, but only if you cannot hear or see the approaching train; 2. You can quickly pass the crossing; 3. You cannot enter the level crossing.

The cyclist gives a warning signal about changing the direction of travel to the left: 1. By calmly raising his hand; 2. With a wave of the hand; 3. By clearly throwing out the left hand to the side.

A police officer in uniform has the right to stop a cyclist: 1. Only if he violates traffic rules; 2. Only if the bike is technically faulty; 3. Under these and any circumstances.

A cyclist who is involved in a road traffic accident: 1. Can continue to move if none of the participants in the accident is seriously injured; 2. Must always stop immediately.

When driving on a highway, a cyclist: 1. Can ride without holding the steering wheel, only if there is no vehicle nearby; 2. In no case has the right to drive without holding the wheel; 3. Can drive without holding the steering wheel, but both feet must be on the pedals at all times.

What are the requirements of the “Rules of the Road” for the carriage of goods by bicycle? 1. There are no restrictions on the carriage of goods by bicycle; 2. It is prohibited to transport cargo that protrudes more than 1 meter in length or width beyond the dimensions of the bicycle; 3. It is forbidden to carry cargo that protrudes more than 0.5 meters in length or width beyond the dimensions of the bike or interferes with the control.

If two cyclists are driving one after another in the dark: 1. It is sufficient if both cyclists have a red light reflector at the back; 2. The first cyclist must turn on the headlight, the second rider must turn on the taillight, and there must be a red reflector behind the cyclist; 3. Both riders must have headlights, taillights and red reflectors installed at the rear.

Under what technical malfunctions a cyclist is prohibited from riding it? 1. In case of malfunction of the braking system and steering; 2. In case of malfunction of the call, absence of reflectors; 3. With a weak inflation of tires, and the absence of a pump.

How should a cyclist make a left turn at an intersection if the road has two or more lanes in each direction or there are tram lines in the middle? 1. Must change in advance to the leftmost lane, let oncoming traffic and make a turn; 2. Must go through the intersection straight on the right extreme lane, give a stop signal and stop at the edge of the carriageway, then get off the bike and transfer it in his hands to the left side of the road along the pedestrian crossing, to the permitting signal of the pedestrian traffic light. And after that, continue moving in the right direction.

When there is a cycle path on the street and a sign “Cycle path” hangs, the cyclist: 1. Must ride on it; 2. Can drive on the carriageway; 3. Can drive on the sidewalk.

What signs prohibit cycling? 1. 2. 3. 4. Answer: 1 and 4

We walked home from school, We see. a sign on the pavement. Red circle, and in it a bicycle, There is nothing else. What is this sign? “Bicycles are prohibited”