Remove the front wheel of a bicycle with disc brakes

DEVICE AND INSTALLATION OF THE FRONT WHEEL ON THE BIKE

The front wheel of a bicycle is a driving unit, without which it is impossible to imagine a bike, perhaps a unicycle. The driven wheel, synchronized with the fork, is responsible for the trajectory of the bike and, to a greater extent, the rolling speed. Unlike the rear wheel, the front wheel is simpler in design, but also requires timely maintenance.

Removing a wheel with Disc Brakes

A bicycle, like a car, needs regular maintenance, and the front wheel is one such important component that should not be neglected. Let’s give him a little attention!

Removing the front wheel from the fork

Removing a wheel is the simplest maintenance procedure for your bike. This is done very simply:

  • Turn the bike upside down.
  • Release the rim brake, remove the caliper from the disc.
  • Loosen the fasteners from the fork dropouts.
  • Remove the wheel axle from the mountings.

On dropouts, the mount is nut and eccentric. In the first case, you will need two 15 mm wrenches. with one we hold the nut, with the other we carefully twist it on the opposite side. With the eccentric, everything is easier. loosen the retaining nut and fold the clamping lever.

  • replacement of tubes / tires;
  • tightening / loosening of the spokes;
  • bulkhead bushing;
  • rim painting.

Installing the front wheel on the fork is done in reverse order.

Dismantling sequence

Before removing the front wheel from the bike, it is necessary to get rid of the bike itself of all accessories and additional devices, so as not to damage them under the weight of the structure during the dismantling process.

  • We turn the bike upside down, put it on a stand for repair. Or, in the absence of a special rack, simply on a handlebar with a saddle.
  • Now you need to decide on the type of brake system installed on the bike.
  • Disc brakes won’t be a hassle when removing a wheel. The only thing to consider is that hydraulic brakes do not like the inverted position, because air can enter the system. In this case, the brakes will have to be pumped after all the procedures performed with your bike.
  • The rim brakes will need to be unfastened before removing the structure from the mounts. To do this, squeeze the levers with your hands and remove the end of the cable from the clamp, then spread the levers to the sides.
  • The hub axle is attached to the fork by means of an eccentric or nuts. In the first case, you just need to unscrew the eccentric, unscrew and remove the wheel from the ends of the fork, gently pulling it up. In the second, unscrew the nut with a wrench; for convenience, you can hold it with a second wrench during unscrewing.

After the wheel is removed, you can continue to carry out the necessary work with it, for which it, in fact, was removed.

What does the wheel consist of?

Bicycle wheels are the most conservative component. Of course, there are models on cast disks, all-round wheels are put on track models, but they are in the minority. Still, the majority of bicycles are equipped with spoke wheels.

  • ordinary sleeve;
  • rim;
  • connecting knitting needles;
  • rim protective tape (flipper);
  • camera and tire;
  • disc (on models with disc brakes).

The hub is the axial part of the wheel, it is an assembly of the central axle, bearings and tapered retainers. Cone bearing systems are most often mounted on bushings with open bearings. They can also be equipped with sealed bearings or slips.

Rim. supporting structure, metal ring. The rims are made mostly of aluminum, with carbon rims being used on expensive models. In terms of rigidity and power, they are divided into three types:

  • single-walled. the outer and inner surfaces have one line of contact (jumper);
  • double. the inner surface is attached to the sidewalls, separated from the outer;
  • triple. the strongest and most durable option: the inner wall is also fixed to the sidewalls, but, unlike the double rim, the triple has an additional wall in the middle.

Vertical bridges form channels running in the direction of rotation. According to the number of such channels, modern rims are divided into one, three- and five-piece:

remove, front, wheel, bicycle, disc

Spokes. elements of the connection between the hub and the rim. They perform the functions of securing, distributing loads along the rim and central axis, and mitigating vibrations during movement. The rim is perforated, each hole is designed to hold one spoke. The number of spokes is set on a bicycle wheel in multiples of four. Depending on the model, their number varies. from 28 to 40 on average.

The number of spokes for the front wheel is usually less than the number for the rear. This is due to the fact that the bulk of the load falls on the rear of the bike, and there the wheel must be stronger.

  • standard (rolled). constant circular cross-section along the entire length from the bushing attachment to the tip;
  • aerodynamic (blade-like). elliptical or rectangular profile;
  • variable cross-section (pulled). standard cross-section at the heads and tapering towards the middle.

The inner tube is the inside of the tire that holds the pressurized air inside. Tire. the outer shell that makes contact with the road, absorbs bumps, protects the camera. The tire is made of a harder rubber than the tube.

Rim tape, or flipper, is a rubber lining under the tube to protect it from puncture on the spoke tips. Dynamic loads force the walls of the chamber to bend, which causes them to be pressed against the rim surface. Without a flipper, the chamber can be pushed into the hole with the spoke tip. This problem is more pronounced on the rear wheel, where the loads are higher, but the presence of a flipper is mandatory on the front. The torn tape must be replaced with a new one. A proven homemade option. glue the rim with several layers of electrical tape, except for the hole for the nipple.

The device and installation of the front wheel on a bicycle

The front wheel of a bicycle is a driving unit, without which it is impossible to imagine a bike, except perhaps a unicycle. The driven wheel, synchronized with the fork, is responsible for the trajectory of the bike and, to a greater extent, the rolling speed. Unlike the rear wheel, the front wheel is simpler in design, but also requires timely maintenance.

A bike, like a car, needs regular maintenance, and the front wheel is one such important component that should not be neglected. Let’s give him a little attention!

Bulkhead bushing, rim alignment, tube and tire replacement

The technical condition of the bike directly depends on the serviceability of all its components, including the front wheel. There are not so many problems with him, but they visit regularly:

  • wear of bushing components, production of lubricant;
  • curvature of the rim. eights;
  • chamber breakdowns, tire cracking.

The hub provides a fixed axle attachment to the dropouts and uniform, unhindered wheel rotation. Insufficient lubrication causes increased bearing friction and, as a result, rapid wear. Symptoms. the wheel is loose, pronounced backlash, difficult rotation, crunching.

So, how to disassemble the bushing: 1. Remove the axle from the dropouts (see above).

Loosen the retaining sleeve nut. To do this, you need two 17 mm keys. fix the nut firmly on the right with one, twist the other counterclockwise on the left.

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Screw the cone. For the hookup, you will need a key for 14, then it can be easily twisted by hand.

Pull out the axle from the opposite side. Carefully remove the left bearing from the housing cavity and pull the right one off the cone.

Inspect everything carefully, especially the bearings. Damaged parts must be replaced with new ones.

  • Blow dirt out of an empty case.
  • Apply a thin layer of grease to the inner walls of the bushing using a narrow brush or cotton swab.
  • Wipe the axle, cones and bearings with kerosene and let dry (if installing the same components).
  • Lubricate the axle, bearings and tapers on the inner sides, which are in contact with the bearings. We do not regret lubrication on bearings: the more, the better. Gently wipe off excess with a clean cloth.
  • Put the right bearing on the corresponding cone with the side as it stood before.
  • Slide the axle into the bushing and install the left bearing on it.
  • Screw in the cone carefully. Its surface should touch, but not pinch the bearing.
  • Tighten bushing with nut.
  • Place the wheel on the dropouts and fix.

We check the work of the bushing. we spin the wheel with force. If everything on the hub bulkhead has been done correctly, the wheel will spin easily and soundlessly. If rotation is difficult or the bushing runs axially, the left cone must be loosened or retightened. Perhaps, for an accurate result, adjustment will be required several times, the main thing here is not to rush.

Eights are the most annoying wheel problem. It arises equally from the front and from the back. The front eight delivers less discomfort than the rear, but still, driving on a crooked wheel is not high. Consider how to quickly fix defects in a bicycle rim. To work, you need a universal spoke wrench, it looks like this:

Repair of the figure eight is done as follows:

  • Determine the maximum wheel bulge. In this area, pull up the needle at an angle that is a multiple of 1 turn.
  • Loosen two knitting needles at the edges at an angle, half the amount at which the central knitting needle was pulled.
  • Pull the next outer needles to an angle half the size, by which those two needles were weakened.

And so on, it all depends on the amount of curvature. The picture shows a scheme for eliminating a 7-spoke eight.

If the curvature is between the knitting needles, do this:

How to Remove Front Wheel from Your Bicycle. Disk Brake with standard Quick Release

Replacing the chambers is easier than repairing rim defects, but also more often required. In order to properly and easily remove and install the tire, it is advisable to use special plastic assemblies.

  • Remove the wheel from the fork mountings.
  • Bleed air from the chamber (if we only change the tire).
  • Unscrew the protective cap from the nipple and push it down slightly.
  • On the opposite side, hook the tire bead with two assemblies.
  • With the third assembly, hook the bead on the sides until the tire comes off the rim. Now you can get the camera.
  • Pump up the camera a little so that it straightens.
  • Place the camera in the tire.
  • Select the correct direction of the tire using the arrow.
  • Insert the nipple into the hole in the rim.
  • Push the tire beads into the rim from the nipple side to the opposite end. When pushing becomes difficult, use editors.
  • Pull the nipple tube upward (for Schrader).
  • Check that the beads are completely in the rim and put the wheel on the bike.

The front wheel on a bicycle is a simple unit that you can self-service at home with your own hands: disassemble and assemble the hub, change the tire and eliminate distortions on the rim. Serious problems. broken spokes, cracking of the hub body. will require the help of a specialist.

Installation sequence

To properly install the front wheel on the bike, you must follow exactly the reverse procedure for removing.

  • We insert the wheel into the grooves of the frame until it stops. Here it is important not to confuse the position of the structure. the direction in which the rotation will occur is indicated by arrows on the tires.
  • We fasten the nuts or eccentrics in place. You cannot overtighten, but the fixation must be strong enough.
  • Fasten back the rim brakes Put the rim brakes in place
  • We turn the bike over to its usual position.

Despite the fact that the front driven wheel is a little simpler in its structure than the rear one, it is still responsible for the course of movement and needs proper care, lubrication of parts, tightening of the spokes.

The rear drive wheel has many mechanisms, but the principle of dismantling and installation is the same, except that it will have to be removed from the chain drive and put the chain in place during installation.

How to remove / install the front wheel from a bike

Quick release

The eccentric mechanism uses a hollow hub axle to secure the wheel axles, equipped with a shaft, a lever that acts as a cam mechanism, and an adjusting nut. The cam exerts tension on the shaft and pulls, and the adjusting nut is pressed firmly against the pad on the frame. This tension holds the wheel securely to the frame.

The adjusting nut determines the amount of tension on the cam lever to secure the wheel axles and cam. Lubricate the cam mechanism if it is sticky or dry.

The eccentric mechanism for securing the axles of the wheels is equipped with two conical springs. The small end of the spring faces the axis and the large end faces outward. These springs make it easier to fit the wheel. If one or both springs are twisted or damaged, they can be removed. They don’t matter as long as the wheel is firmly attached to the bike.

The so-called open cam may require more tension. These levers have a cam mechanism and must be lubricated frequently.

Additional Information

Solid axis

The rear frame pad in the rigid axle can also have a bolt-on gearshift mechanism. There should be a bolt and nut that holds it. The wheel is mounted on a suspension. The axle should be located on the back of this bracket, with which the right side is moved forward. Tune the wheel and check the nuts.

Wheel installation

The wheels must be installed properly on the bike frame. Misalignment can lead to problems with shifting and adjusting the bike. If the wheel is not securely fixed, it can fall off during the ride and injure the cyclist.

Rigid axle bushings use axle nuts on the outside of the frame plate. The axle nut contains a washer built into the axle nut, or a separate washer. If the washer has teeth or knurls, then they are connected to the recess to secure the wheel. Lubricate the threads on the axle when the wheel is mounted on the bike.

It is often easier to mount the front wheel when the bike is on the ground. When placing the bike on the ground, the axle must be completely in the pad on the frame.

Make sure that the cam lever for locking the axles of the wheels is in the open position and that its brakes are open.

Place the wheel in the pad on the frame. Make sure the hub is fully seated in the frame or fork.

  • On the rear wheel, first turn the gear back and place the smallest gear between the top and bottom of the chain. Place the wheel between the brake pads, hooking the smallest gear on the chain.
  • Cam mechanism for securing the axles of the wheels: tighten the axle so that the lever meets resistance 90 ° from the frame or fork.
  • Straight axle: move the axle in place and turn clockwise until it stops.
  • Solid axle: tighten both nuts on the axle until they stop.
  • The use of a torque wrench is recommended. However, if it is not available, an effort must be made. For 25 Nm, about 40 pounds of pressure apply to the end of the 5 wrench.
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Determine the end position of the lever closing. Rotate the front arm and adjusting nut so that the arm ends up just at the front of the fork. Place the rear arm between the chain support and the seat. Reposition the lever as needed if it is not fully closed.

Re-remove the brake mechanism if applicable.

Make sure the wheel is in the center of the frame or fork. Loosen the nuts on the axle and, if necessary, adjust the center of the wheel in the frame and retighten.

Make sure the brake pad rim is centered on the wheel and adjust as needed.

Removing and installing bicycle wheels

This article will guide you through removing and installing front and rear bicycle wheels.

How to remove / install the front wheel from a bike

How to remove / install the front wheel from a bike

Removing / installing the front wheel on a bicycle is one of the simplest tasks a cyclist may need. Usually, the front wheel is removed for transport or storage of the bike, but there are also situations when you need to remove the wheel in order to glue the camera or change the tire.

How to remove the front wheel?

If you have disc brakes, the task is even easier, but remember to insert a spacer between the brake pads because during transportation or repairs, you may accidentally press the brake, the pads will compress and complicate the installation procedure, especially if the brakes are hydraulic.

In order to remove a wheel from a bicycle with rim brakes, you need to unfasten the pads or lower the front wheel.

To unfasten, disconnect the pads, you need to press them to the rim with your hands at the junction of the cable, and pull the arc so that it crawls out of the groove.

Unscrew, remove the wheel.

After you have dealt with the brakes, proceed to removal. The wheel can be attached to the fork in two ways:

1) With a bolt. then you need a spanner or spanner of the desired size (usually from 13 to 17 sizes, but most often 14 or 15 sizes). Bolted connection is now found on children, teenagers, and also cheap bicycles.

2) Quick release. eccentric connection. Most common these days. Removal / installation of the wheel becomes possible even without the use of special tools. To remove the wheel, simply move the position of the eccentric clamp to the opposite side and hold it with your hand, make a couple of turns of the thumbscrew until you feel that the wheel moves easily.

The installation process is the opposite of removing.

1) Be sure to check the direction of the rubber when installing (compare with the rear wheel).

2) Do not pinch the eccentric when you press the eccentric handle, it should lower without much effort, but also check that the wheel does not wobble.

3) Check the center of the wheel, rotate it several times and apply the front brake, the wheel should not rub against the pads.

Removing the front wheel from the fork

Removing a wheel is the simplest maintenance procedure for your bike. This is done very simply:

  • Turn the bike upside down.
  • Release the rim brake, remove the caliper from the disc.
  • Loosen the fasteners from the fork dropouts.
  • Remove the wheel axle from the mountings.

On dropouts, the mount is nut and eccentric. In the first case, you will need two 15 mm wrenches. with one we hold the nut, with the other we carefully twist it on the opposite side. With the eccentric, everything is easier. loosen the retaining nut and fold the clamping lever.

How do I fit the front wheel to my bike? Its structure and features.

The front wheel of a bicycle is a driving unit, without which it is impossible to imagine a bike, perhaps a unicycle. The driven wheel, synchronized with the fork, is responsible for the trajectory of the bike and, to a greater extent, the rolling speed. Unlike the rear wheel, the front wheel is simpler in design, but also requires timely maintenance.

A bicycle, like a car, needs regular maintenance, and the front wheel is one such important component that should not be neglected. Let’s give him a little attention!

Dismantling sequence

Before removing the front wheel from the bike, it is necessary to get rid of the bike itself of all accessories and additional devices, so as not to damage them under the weight of the structure during the dismantling process.

  • We turn the bike upside down, put it on a stand for repair. Or, in the absence of a special rack, simply on a handlebar with a saddle.
  • Now you need to decide on the type of brake system installed on the bike.
  • Disc brakes won’t be a hassle when removing a wheel. The only thing to consider is that hydraulic brakes do not like the inverted position, because air can enter the system. In this case, the brakes will have to be pumped after all the procedures performed with your bike.
  • The rim brakes will need to be unfastened before removing the structure from the mounts. To do this, squeeze the levers with your hands and remove the end of the cable from the clamp, then spread the levers to the sides.
  • The hub axle is attached to the fork by means of an eccentric or nuts. In the first case, you just need to unscrew the eccentric, unscrew and remove the wheel from the ends of the fork, gently pulling it up. In the second, unscrew the nut with a wrench; for convenience, you can hold it with a second wrench during unscrewing.

After the wheel is removed, you can continue to carry out the necessary work with it, for which it, in fact, was removed.

Installation sequence

To properly install the front wheel on the bike, you must follow exactly the reverse procedure for removing.

  • We insert the wheel into the grooves of the frame until it stops. Here it is important not to confuse the position of the structure. the direction in which the rotation will occur is indicated by arrows on the tires.
  • We fasten the nuts or eccentrics in place. You cannot overtighten, but the fixation must be strong enough.
  • Fasten back the rim brakes Put the rim brakes in place
  • We turn the bike over to its usual position.

Despite the fact that the front driven wheel is a little simpler in its structure than the rear one, it is still responsible for the course of movement and needs proper care, lubrication of parts, tightening of the spokes.

The rear drive wheel has many mechanisms, but the principle of dismantling and installation is the same, except that it will have to be removed from the chain drive and put the chain in place during installation.

What does the wheel consist of?

Bicycle wheels are the most conservative component. Of course, there are models on cast disks, all-round wheels are put on track models, but they are in the minority. Still, the majority of bicycles are equipped with spoke wheels.

  • ordinary sleeve;
  • rim;
  • connecting knitting needles;
  • rim protective tape (flipper);
  • camera and tire;
  • disc (on models with disc brakes).

The hub is the axial part of the wheel, it is an assembly of the central axle, bearings and tapered retainers. Cone bearing systems are most often mounted on bushings with open bearings. They can also be equipped with sealed bearings or slips.

Rim. supporting structure, metal ring. The rims are made mostly of aluminum, with carbon rims being used on expensive models. In terms of rigidity and power, they are divided into three types:

  • single-walled. the outer and inner surfaces have one line of contact (jumper);
  • double. the inner surface is attached to the sidewalls, separated from the outer;
  • triple. the strongest and most durable option: the inner wall is also fixed to the sidewalls, but, unlike the double rim, the triple has an additional wall in the middle.

Vertical bridges form channels running in the direction of rotation. According to the number of such channels, modern rims are divided into one, three- and five-piece:

Spokes. elements of the connection between the hub and the rim. They perform the functions of securing, distributing loads along the rim and central axis, and mitigating vibrations during movement. The rim is perforated, each hole is designed to hold one spoke. The number of spokes is set on a bicycle wheel in multiples of four. Depending on the model, their number varies. from 28 to 40 on average.

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The number of spokes for the front wheel is usually less than the number for the rear. This is due to the fact that the bulk of the load falls on the rear of the bike, and there the wheel must be stronger.

  • standard (rolled). constant circular cross-section along the entire length from the bushing attachment to the tip;
  • aerodynamic (blade-like). elliptical or rectangular profile;
  • variable cross-section (pulled). standard cross-section at the heads and tapering towards the middle.

The inner tube is the inside of the tire that holds the pressurized air inside. Tire. the outer shell that makes contact with the road, absorbs bumps, protects the camera. The tire is made of a harder rubber than the tube.

Rim tape, or flipper, is a rubber lining under the tube to protect it from puncture on the spoke tips. Dynamic loads force the walls of the chamber to bend, which causes them to be pressed against the rim surface. Without a flipper, the chamber can be pushed into the hole with the spoke tip. This problem is more pronounced on the rear wheel, where the loads are higher, but the presence of a flipper is mandatory on the front. The torn tape must be replaced with a new one. A proven homemade option. glue the rim with several layers of electrical tape, except for the hole for the nipple.

Question answer

It could be a simple 8. 2. It may be an axle not fully inserted into the dropout, unscrew the nuts and push it straight. 3. Perhaps the wheel is shifted to the right side due to the fact that the axle is longer on one side. It is necessary to unscrew the nuts on it, put it so that the axle length is the same on both sides of the wheel, and tighten the nuts.

Lift the led. Spin the wheels. Look how bad it spins. Try to loosen the nuts on the bushings. Maybe the bearings are overtightened, but do not relax too much, otherwise there will be a backlash.

Removing a wheel is the simplest maintenance procedure for your bike. This is done very simply: 1) Turn the bike upside down. 2) Release the rim brake, remove the caliper from the disc brake. 3) Loosen the fasteners from the fork dropouts. 4) Remove the wheel axle from the fasteners.

Such bicycles are also called Penny-farthing. one of the earliest types of bicycle, characterized by a very large front and small rear wheel. The name of the bike comes from the appearance of the British penny and farthing coins, since one of them (penny) is much larger than the other (farthing), and the bike from the side resembled these coins, following one after the other.

My name is Eugene and I am a cyclist. I have been cycling for over 15 years and have tried different disciplines. bmx, mtb, downhill and others. I broke my first bicycle “schoolboy” in half while trying to overcome gravity. I am sure that I will interest you with my website and tell you about the intricacies of the cycling industry so that you become a professional!

How to remove the front wheel?

Now carefully turn the bike upside down. In this case, it turns out that he stands on the handlebars and saddle quite steadily. At this stage, you should carefully monitor so that the equipment attached to the handlebars (bike computer, bell, bike headlight, etc.) is not damaged. In addition, it is best to place a cloth under the gear selectors to avoid scratching them. If your bike has hydraulic disc brakes (a hose with brake fluid comes from the brake lever, and not a regular shirt with a cable), then it is not recommended to keep the bike upside down for a long time, in order to avoid air getting into the hydraulic line, since if this happens, you will need to pump brakes (although the process is not complicated, but rather laborious).

Next, we look at how the wheel is fixed to you: is it an ordinary nut or an eccentric (small lever).

3.1. If your wheel is secured with a nut, then you need to take two suitable keys. Throw one on one side, the second. on the other, and turn one of the keys counterclockwise, holding the other in place. It is not necessary to unscrew the nuts all the way, but simply loosen until the wheel can be safely removed.

3.2. If your wheel is fastened with an eccentric, then everything is generally simple. no tools needed. We pull this eccentric towards ourselves, as shown in the figure, after which it is necessary to unscrew it a little more counterclockwise, holding it on the back side with your hand until it becomes possible to pull out the wheel.

At the last stage, simply pull the wheel up, and if you did everything correctly, it can be easily removed. On bicycles with disc brakes, do not press the brake lever with the wheel removed, as this may compress the pads, and you will have to tinker with them too.

Installing the front wheel

As you perfectly understand, the process of installing the front wheel is the opposite of removing it and it makes no sense to describe it in detail.

We put the wheel back, as it was. Do not confuse the direction of rotation of the wheel (written on the tire). Remember that your bike is overturned and it is worth considering the direction of travel. In the case of disc brakes, it is difficult to confuse, since it is necessary that the disc hits exactly between the pads.

We tighten the nuts or tighten the eccentric

If you have rim brakes, you need to return them to their original condition. We check that the wheel does not dangle, turns freely and the brake functions, otherwise we check everything again point by point.

How to remove the rear wheel?

The rear wheel removal process is COMPLETELY the same as the front wheel removal process. You don’t even need to look at the equipment suspended from the back (you only have to remove the chain from the axle if it gets caught).

Remove the front wheel of a bicycle with disc brakes

Some novice cyclists ask the question of how to remove a wheel from a bicycle. over, difficulties arise, as a rule, with the rear wheel. Quite often you can hear such phrases: “Oh, I’m afraid to take off the rear wheel, there are so many things screwed up, screwed up, I will never put it back on and I will definitely break something. I’ll go to the service center.” Of course, you can do this, but than repeatedly spending your time and money for going to bicycle repair, it is easier to just figure out how to do this operation on your own, especially since such a need may arise somewhere in the forest outside the city, and a bicycle workshop there it will definitely not be found.

Installing the rear wheel

The installation process is also similar to the installation of the front wheel, with a few exceptions: the chain must be seated correctly. To do this, we bring the wheel to the attachment points, put the chain on the sprocket and then put the wheel in place. True, a situation may arise in which it seems to you that the chain is twisted, and in order to unravel it, you will need to remove it. This is not true. You just need to twist it back and forth, imagine how it was installed before on the stars and most importantly. do not panic. That seems to be all. Now you have mastered the art of removing and installing wheels.