Where can you ride a bike?
over, each next item is allowed only if the previous one is impossible. For example, you can only ride on the side of the road if there are no cycle paths or cycle paths or cycle lanes AND if it is impossible to drive on the right edge of the carriageway.
Can I cycle on the side of the motorway?. Not.
Bicycles are not permitted on the side of the motorway. In general, there are not very many highways in Russia. And there is always an old road parallel to the highway. In my case, I had no right to go along the M-2 (Simferopol highway), but had to go along the Staro Simferopol highway (which passes through Podolsk). Indeed, a delusion may arise. it seems like the highway has a shoulder, but I would be allowed to drive along the shoulder. SDA 24.2 ” Movement on the shoulder is allowed if it does not interfere with pedestrians.” BUT there is also traffic rules 16.1 “On highways it is prohibited: the movement of pedestrians, pets, bicycles, mopeds, tractors and self-propelled vehicles, other vehicles, the speed of which, according to their technical characteristics or their condition, is less than 40 km / h;” And the side of the road is an element of the road, the highway is a road, from here the side of the road is part of the highway and according to traffic rules 16.1, you cannot ride a bicycle on it. Here the main gag is to figure out which point in the rules has more weight and excludes the subsequent ones. it is very difficult to isolate, because lawyers formulate everything in a confusing way. and for the human brain, simplicity and coherence in arguments are important, and not clarity of formulations.
Someone might ask, but if you ride more than 40 km / h by bike (it’s not easy, but feasible), you can do it along the motorway. Correct answer: no.
All this also applies to sign 5.3 “Road for cars”. it is also forbidden to ride bicycles there (see traffic rules 16.1).
Can you drive on the sidewalks in the city? You can drive on the sidewalk only if it is not possible to move along the right edge of the carriageway or shoulder (see SDA 24.2). Cyclists who move on sidewalks break the rules.
Also, there is a rule that even during the day you need daytime running lights on the bike ALWAYS: SDA 19.5. (since 2010) “During daylight hours, ALL moving vehicles must include dipped headlights or daytime running lights for the purpose of their identification.”
I haven’t figured out yet what to do if I cycled out onto the road on which there is a sign for route transport with a “brick” under it. And this sign was previously on the road. That is, I could not see him and that means I do not know that there is actually a “brick” here and I cannot go. What do motorists generally do if they enter the road behind any sign, not knowing about its existence?
Article 12.29. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other person participating in the process of traffic
Violation of the Traffic Rules by a person driving a bicycle, or by a driver or other person directly involved in the process of road traffic (with the exception of the persons specified in Part 1 of this Article, as well as the driver of a vehicle) shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of eight hundred rubles.
Violation of the Traffic Rules by persons specified in part 2 of this article committed in a state of intoxication shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.
Article 12.30. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other road user, resulting in interference with the movement of vehicles or causing minor or moderate harm to the health of the victim
Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or any other road user (except for a driver of a vehicle), which has caused interference in the movement of vehicles.
shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand rubles.
Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or any other road user (except for a driver of a vehicle), entailing, by negligence, the infliction of slight or moderate harm to the health of the victim.
shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.
According to article 12.30, if a cyclist interferes with the movement of vehicles, he will receive a fine of 1,000 rubles (instead of 800, discussed above).
Well, the most severe punishment for a cyclist is a fine of 1,000. 1,500 rubles, which can be imposed in the event of minor or moderate harm to the health of another road user. To get this fine, you need to try hard (at high speed, do not share the road with a pedestrian).
When sidewalk traffic is prohibited?
In the case when a person moves on a bicycle, he is a full-fledged participant in traffic.
- Cycling on the sidewalk is strictly prohibited if cyclists are over 14 years old.
- You cannot drive while holding on to another vehicle. This can harm both the cyclist and those who move around.
- You only need to ride with your hands on the steering wheel and without removing your feet from the pedals. This is necessary so that a person can brake if necessary.
- It is strictly forbidden to carry passengers on your vehicle if there is no specially equipped space for this.
- It is forbidden to tow bicycles or use other vehicles for this.
- It is also prohibited to use for towing a trailer that is not provided for this.
When to bike on sidewalks and when not?
Many people now choose to lead a healthy lifestyle. A great way to keep yourself in great physical shape is to ride a bike from time to time. But in order for the trip not to cause problems to anyone, you need to know all the driving rules for this transport.
When is driving on the sidewalk allowed?
Riding a bicycle on the road can be dangerous nowadays. After all, the traffic there is too fast, and it is very difficult for cyclists to adapt to it. Therefore, very often you can see people who move in their vehicle on the sidewalk. However, it is currently prohibited to do this, and according to the new traffic rules, you can ride a bike only in certain cases.
First you need to decide what the sidewalk is. This is the part of the road where only pedestrians usually travel. It is located near the roadway. Modern footpaths can be found in parks, squares, and near residential buildings. Riding a bicycle on the sidewalk or footpaths is possible in cases where there is no:
- specially designated cycling areas;
- equipped cycle paths;
- separate lanes for cyclists;
- pedestrian-only shoulders.
In addition, you can cycle along the sidewalk:
- all children from 7 to 14 years old;
- adults who accompany children on bicycles up to 14 years old.
Everyone else should not drive onto the sidewalk.
How to properly move on footpaths?
First of all, the cyclist must take care of the health of his vehicle. There should be no problem with him. Particular attention should be paid to the brakes. In addition, the classic model must certainly be complemented by reflectors, as well as lights used in the dark. As for the cyclist himself, he must perfectly understand all road signs.
Cyclists should ride on footpaths without interfering with pedestrians or other cyclists. In the case of group movement, cyclists are required to move one after the other, keeping a certain distance. In this case, the group should not exceed 10 people. You don’t need to drive too fast, so as not to accidentally harm pedestrians.
If necessary, the cyclist should get off the bike and continue to move like a regular pedestrian.
For pedestrian crossings that are regulated, cyclists are required to obey traffic signals or traffic regulators. In the event that they come across unregulated crossings, all cyclists must give way to a pedestrian. In addition, you need to give way to a person who goes to a stopped tram or bus.
You cannot turn around on your bike at pedestrian crossings. In this case, you must dismount and cross the road like an ordinary pedestrian. However, you need to move not along the pedestrian crossing itself, but next to the zebra.
Penalties for breaking the rules
It’s not just car drivers who dislike cyclists, but pedestrians, too. Indeed, for many, such transportation means only trouble. After all, not all cyclists are familiar with traffic rules. Therefore, quite often the drivers of this light vehicle turn in the wrong place or simply cross the zebra crossing at full speed. Some of them sometimes even ride red lights.
In addition, cyclists and ordinary pedestrians interfere. Those are afraid of their chaotic movement. However, here it is worth noting that traffic rules are annually toughened, and fines are increasing. And this is perfectly true. After all, the owner of any vehicle must be responsible for everything that happens on the roads. This also applies to cyclists, who must control themselves on the road.
Most often, modern cyclists violate these rules:
- drive their vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs, which is fraught with various consequences;
- talking on the phone on a bicycle, which is strictly prohibited by traffic rules;
- turn the vehicle to the left on tram lines, which is strictly prohibited;
- crossing a pedestrian crossing on a bicycle, which is not allowed by traffic rules;
- ignore various prohibition signs, which can ultimately lead to unpleasant consequences.
For any of the above violations, the police officer has the right to fine the offending cyclist. It is worth reading in more detail the fines for violations, which are described in the article of the Administrative Code.
- Article 12.29 refers to the violation of traffic rules by a cyclist who participates in the very process of movement. The fine is 800 rubles.
- The second part of this article talks about the fine, which is relevant in the case when a person is intoxicated. The fine can range from 1 to 1.5 thousand rubles.
- Article 12.30 refers to traffic violations, which in the future leads to interference on the road. In this case, a fine of 1 thousand rubles is possible.
- In the event that a cyclist violated the traffic rules, which subsequently led to a deterioration in human health, he is obliged to pay a fine of 1.5 thousand rubles. In this case, the cyclist was either driving very fast or was intoxicated.
In addition, it is worth remembering that if a cyclist is able to pay a fine within 5 days after the violation, then its size can be reduced by exactly half.
Compared to the fines that are issued to motorists, these fines are very small. Therefore, many people simply ignore the rules, thereby provoking all kinds of situations.
Summing up, we can say that even when riding a bicycle, a person must always be familiar with all the existing rules. This will avoid unpleasant situations on the road. In addition, all this knowledge will help to fight back in the case when the cyclist is right and, perhaps, they just cling to him because of little things.
All traffic rules for cyclists, see the video below.
Is it possible to ride a bicycle on the Moscow Ring Road
If this is not a motorway or a road for cars, as indicated by the corresponding signs, then you can.
yes it is possible, but if not a highway (a green and white sign depicting overpasses) or if there is no sign only for a car (for example, along the third transport ring of Moscow). A helmet is required!
It’s impossible to ride a bike either on the highway or on the Moscow Ring Road, they can slow down, give a warning, although in most cases no one looks at the bike, you cannot follow the signs. if the motorway, but some manage to pass.
You can ride a bike on the highway. A helmet is not needed, if the truck passes, you will still die. In 2014, several well-known cyclists died on the highway due to motorists’ abuses. Unfortunately, their helmet did not save them.
if there is no sign 5.3, then you can go on the highway
on the TTK they hung it everywhere, now the cops stop it and send it to the sidewalk
It’s better not to go to the ttk, it’s checked personally, it’s dumb to go there oh, how dumb, we accidentally stopped by, we will never go back.
then all the same signs on the TTK were added, but I thought that I was buggy. how could I not have noticed them before
In principle, you can, but bypassing the toll roads ONCE before me one drive. Xia.
But it’s possible or not, I don’t know They said about the road signs, we can’t drive along Simferopolskoye (highway), you can only go along Rublevo-Uspenskoye (special highway), along Novorizhskoye (highway), seemingly along a toll bypass around Odintsovo and, of course, along the TTK and the Moscow Ring Road. For the rest you can.
Obochikov do not choose highways, highways and other roads. they are everywhere. They are worth more to be afraid of than the rest of the contingent. But among truckers, teapots and boors are rare.
I drove along the Moscow Ring Road, TTK, highways (on the latter, patrol cars of the DPS passed by. they did not stop). The most dangerous road for a cyclist is a road with a wide shoulder.
Hams are rare. But trucks are dangerous in and of themselves, because a cyclist can easily be blown away by the stream from the truck. Which, by the way, happened at the recent caravan brevet, where one of the participants was blown away by a stream of oncoming (!) Trucks
What’s the problem? Sit down and drive, just don’t push to the edge, on the contrary, drive wider so that you have a reserve if the overtaking car decides to cut you off. You can also take the motorway, you will get there faster, just be more careful in places where there are packages from the road, make sure that you are allowed to pass.
Mostly you can ride. As already mentioned, you cannot drive where: 1) highways marked with a corresponding green sign. Examples are M2, M4, M11. You can drive along ordinary highways. for example, you can drive along the Kiev highway. 2) “roads for cars”, indicated by a plate with a typewriter. Examples. TTK, MKAD. 3) roads where the sign “cycling is prohibited” hangs. For example, on Rublevo-Uspenskoe highway.
Still, if a cyclist asks such a question, then I highly recommend, before going anywhere, first learn traffic rules.
Yes, you can, in addition to highways, traveled to Moscow myself
Still, it is more interesting to roll forests than in a stream of cars, and the speed, yes, varies greatly. But the question posed already commands respect, 130 km to the dacha on a bike, but O_O
Is it okay for cyclists to ride on the roads, and for what they can be fined
According to clause 1.2 of the current traffic rules, a cyclist is a person driving a bicycle. A bicycle, in turn, is considered to be “a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, as a rule, by the muscular energy of the persons on this vehicle, in particular by means of pedals or handles, and may also have an electric motor with a rated maximum power in continuous load mode not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically shutting down at a speed of more than 25 km / h “.
Thus, a bicycle can, firstly, have more than two wheels, and secondly, an electric motor with a power of no more than 0.25 kW: if the power of the installed motor is higher, the vehicle (vehicle) will already be classified as a moped.
It should be noted separately that according to the rules, pedestrians are considered persons “using roller skates, scooters and other similar means for movement”. that is, a vehicle with a wheel drive (or wheels) is considered a bicycle. In addition, if a person does not ride a bicycle, but leads him next to him, then he is also considered a pedestrian, and not a cyclist.
Another note concerns the classification of a bicycle as a vehicle: a bicycle itself is a vehicle, but it is not a power-driven vehicle, since the latter is understood as a “vehicle driven by an engine”. This is important in terms of rules and penalties for cyclists.
The answer to the key question that worries many is yes. The traffic rules have a separate section 24 containing “Additional requirements for the movement of cyclists and moped drivers.” Clause 24.2 of this section allows cyclists to move on the right edge of the carriageway. This, however, is allowed in the event that “there are no cycle and cycle paths, a lane for cyclists, or it is not possible to move along them”.
over, when driving on a motor road, the cyclist uses the standard priority rules, and the car driving on the secondary road must give way to the cyclist driving on the main road. And also paragraph 24.5 allows “the movement of a column of cyclists in two rows if the overall width of the bicycles does not exceed 0.75 m.” The only condition is that “the column of cyclists should be divided into groups of 10 cyclists in the case of single-lane traffic, or into groups of 10 pairs in the case of two-lane traffic”, and “to facilitate overtaking, the distance between the groups should be 80-100 m.”.
Under normal conditions, according to clause 24.1, “cyclists over the age of 14 must move along cycle paths, cycle paths or a lane for cyclists”. And one more thing: cyclists under the age of 14 are prohibited from driving on the road and the side of the road.
The list of additional bans for bicycle drivers is regulated by clause 24.8 of the current traffic rules, and besides it, there are other points in traffic rules that mention restrictions on the movement of cyclists. Here we will highlight the main prohibitions concerning their movement on roads.
To begin with, cyclists are concerned with clause 2.7, which stipulates a ban on driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, as well as talking on a mobile phone without using “hands. free” devices. The only caveat here is that the fines provided for violating the rules by cyclists are significantly lower than those for motorists. this will be discussed below.
Clause 16.1 prohibits the movement of cyclists on highways, as well as on roads marked with sign 5.3. “Road for cars”.
Well, the notorious clause 24.8 prohibits cyclists from “turning left or turning around on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in this direction”, as well as “crossing the road at pedestrian crossings”. Thus, in order to turn left, a cyclist will either have to do it “in two passes”, crossing the road to which you need to turn, and then, stopping, go to it at the next permitting traffic light, or dismount and cross the current road at a pedestrian crossing.
In addition, it is worth remembering that cyclists also have their own prohibiting sign 3.9 “Bicycles are prohibited”, which is supplemented by the standard “bricks” (3.1) and “No traffic” (3.2).
Violations by cyclists of the rules and prohibitions indicated above, as well as other rules not related to road traffic and not listed here, are regulated by parts 2 and 3 of article 12.29 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. According to part 2, violation of traffic rules by a cyclist “entails the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of eight hundred rubles.” If the bicycle driver was drunk at the time of the violation, then he will be fined “in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.”.
As you can see, the punishment for drunk driving here is much less severe than in the case of motorists, but it, however, was significantly toughened in 2013: before that, a violation could get off with a “warning or imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of two hundred rubles,” and a drunk the cyclist was punished with a fine “from three hundred to five hundred rubles”.
is it possible to ride a bicycle on the Moscow Ring Road
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When the rights of any category are suitable?
The fact is that in this case, the bike driven by the engine should be classified as a moped according to the Rules. And FZ 96 establishes that driving on such requires a category of rights “M”. And it does not have to be spelled out in the appropriate box in your w / u. Any category you have confirms the right to drive mopeds.
But this category is only suitable for mopeds, and they are also regulated by traffic rules:
- the working volume of the gasoline engine of your bike should not exceed 49.9 cubic meters,
- the maximum speed does not exceed 50 km / h,
- if your bike has an electric motor, then its power for control with any categories of rights should be from 250 W to 4 kW.
Do I need a driving license for a bike: with a gasoline engine or an electric motor?
A bicycle is a vehicle for traffic rules. But the special control right does not apply to him. Likewise, it is not subject to registration. Meanwhile, this term has its own fairly clear definition in the Rules. And it may turn out that your two-wheeler belongs to a completely different mode of transport. About which bicycles need a driver’s license in 2021 in our country, what laws regulate it, whether a license is required to ride a bike with an engine or an electric motor, we will find out in this article.
Will there be a new law on compulsory obtaining of rights?
This is unlikely to happen anytime soon. Although, there have been attempts to introduce such a new bill. We have previously written about possible amendments regarding exams for cyclists and their obtaining a driver’s license.
But to date, no innovations have been introduced, and you still do not need to obtain a license to a bicycle.
Are there any rights to a regular bike?
Not. If you are driving on the road on a regular two-wheeler, which is driven exclusively by pedals, without any motors, then you do not need a license. this applies to both driving a bicycle for adults and a child on a child’s transport.
This is directly stated by Article 25 of the Federal Law On Road Safety. Paragraph 1 lists the categories of vehicles that require a special right to drive. Among them there are mopeds and motorcycles, but cyclists can ride without a driver’s license.
But pay attention to what a bicycle is. In order for a vehicle to fall under this type, several conditions must be met:
Bike Riding in Moscow: Not For the Faint-Hearted | The Moscow Times
- a bicycle that does not require a driver’s license in Russia must be set in motion, as a rule, by the muscles of its rider,
- but it can also have an electric motor with the following restrictions:
- power in continuous load mode. no more than 250 W,
- the engine should shut off automatically at speeds over 25 km / h.
Please note that if you have a gasoline engine installed, then your vehicle cannot be attributed to a bicycle in 2021.
But we will talk about the long-term load mode a little more below.
When category A is needed?
But if at least one of the conditions listed above is not met, then without a full-fledged category of driver’s license “A” you are already prohibited from driving such a bike.
- you need a license “A” category, if the displacement of the motor is 50 cm 3 or more,
- if the bike can reach speeds of over 50 km / h, then you also cannot ride it without a license,
- or if an electric motor with a power of more than 4 kW is installed.
Features of measuring motor power
Please note that for an electric motor, both thresholds: for a moped over 250 W and for a motorcycle over 4 kW are given as the maximum power in continuous load mode. But if you look in the documentation for the motor, if it was installed on your bike separately, or on an assembled bike, you can see 2 other parameters there:
- rated motor power,
- maximum power.
That is, it is impossible to understand from this what belongs to what. But, in fact, everything is quite simple! Power in continuous load mode is the parameter of maximum engine power at which it can work indefinitely (excluding batteries, of course) without failure.
This parameter in the documentation usually corresponds to the nominal power. For example, if you have a nominal 225 watts, and the maximum is indicated 350 watts, then you can ride such a bike without getting a driver’s license, since according to traffic rules its power is less than 250 watts.
But here, too, there is a big practical flaw. Starting from traffic police officers and ending with justices of the peace, few will distinguish between these 2 parameters. That is, if only the maximum power is indicated in your documents and it implies the need for a driver’s license (while the nominal is not indicated at all), then both the judges and the inspectors will, unfortunately, most often do not care before that. you will be awarded fine. But it will need to be further appealed at least to the district court. Although, if the rated power of your bike with a motor is not indicated, then technical expertise will also be required.
On the other hand, no traffic police inspector has the right to demand documents from the rider on the bike on the road. over, no one will have the opportunity to measure the power of the motor.
What a fine?
If you do not have the right to drive a moped or motorcycle, and you ride a bike with a motor that meets the conditions of one of these terms, then the legislation in force for 2021 provides for a penalty in the form of a fine from 5 to 15,000 rubles under Part 1 of Article 12.7 Administrative Code.
In addition, if it turns out that the vehicle does not belong to you, then a fine will also be issued to the owner who drove with the engine, but that already in the amount of 30,000 rubles under Part 2 of the same article for transferring control to a person without rights.
But if you ride a motor bike with parameters that are suitable for a moped, and you received a valid driver’s license, but forgot the identity card at home, then, by law, such a violation must already be qualified under Part 2 of Article 12.3 of the Administrative Code with a fine of 500 rubles.
Cycling around the city
By purchasing a bicycle and successfully riding it around the yards and the nearest park, sooner or later other needs for movement appear. For example, a resident of a large city, tired of traffic jams, has a desire to try cycling to work. Someone dreams of cycling out of town, but in order to get to the train station, they have to travel some distance around the city.
There are two ways to cycle around the city. A cyclist, unlike other road users, has the ability to instantly switch from a pedestrian to a vehicle driver. This unique opportunity should be used.
As a pedestrian, you can only move along the sidewalks or along the paths of the park. The carriageways are crossed by elevated or underground pedestrian crossings, moving on foot next to the bicycle. When riding on sidewalks, the cyclist is in relative safety, in which case only a minimum knowledge of the Rules of the Road is required. If the age of the cyclist has not reached the age of 14, then in this case the pedestrian method of riding is the only possible.
Problems with pedestrian riding are mainly the need to jump from curbs and back at every intersection and entrance to the courtyard. If these jumps have to be made every hundred meters, this style of movement quickly tires.
Danger when driving on sidewalks usually comes from unpredictable pedestrians.
For example, children, elderly or drunk. In this case, the pedestrian can instantly find himself on the path of the cyclist. In addition, under the wheels there may also be a baby doll stroller or a casually thrown out bottle.
Another hazard when driving on sidewalks is a vehicle entering or exiting a courtyard. If you follow the Rules of the Road, then the car, when entering the adjacent territory, must let through all pedestrians and cyclists moving on the sidewalk. But this rule is not always observed. In addition, the driver may not notice the cyclist because of a parked car, tree, or, in principle, may not count on the speed of the object moving along the sidewalk at a speed of 15-20 km / h.
Thus, when driving up the pedestrian path to the entrance to the courtyard, you should slow down and make sure that there are no cars.
Another danger is the suddenly opened door of a parked car. Drivers develop an instinct over time to look back and make sure there are no moving vehicles before opening the door. But passengers may not have such an instinct.
When approaching a parked car, you should go around it at a distance of an open door.
In addition, we must not forget that the bicycle is on the sidewalk in violation of the Traffic Rules, which clearly prohibit the movement of vehicles here (clause 9.9 of the SDA). From the point of view of the Rules, a bicycle on the sidewalk is no different from a car. There is a certain contradiction in this. where, then, to ride cyclists under 14 years old? Therefore, you should always remember that when driving on the sidewalk, the advantage always remains with the pedestrian.
However, traffic police officers, as a rule, do not pay attention to cyclists riding on the sidewalk. Because in some cases the sidewalk is the only safe place for a cyclist.
In this case, a bicycle is a real vehicle (but without an engine).
In this case, the cyclist must comply with the Traffic Rules, that is, drive only on the carriageway, follow road markings, traffic signals, etc.
Only cyclists who have reached the age of 14 and who have the skills of confident bicycle control can ride as a vehicle driver.
Here jumping skills or trick riding skills are unlikely to come in handy, but the ability to ride in a straight path (especially at low speed) will come in handy. The ability to clearly keep the chosen trajectory allows you to be more predictable for other road users and, as a result, to ensure a safer movement.
There is such a thing as the maximum safe speed of the driver. It applies not only to car drivers, but also to cyclists. While the driver is driving at a speed not exceeding his “safe” speed, he is able to notice all the details of the road situation that surround him and have time to make the right decision. When this speed threshold is exceeded, the ability to control the environment is markedly reduced. In this case, the driver may not notice a pedestrian crossing the carriageway, a road sign requiring you to give way or a road obstacle.
A person who has just learned to ride a bicycle has a safe speed of about 8-12 km / h. Of course, he can go faster, but all his attention will be focused on keeping his balance. Thus, it is possible to enter the carriageway only if the cyclist is able to move at a speed of 25-30 km / h and at the same time fully control the traffic situation. Otherwise, it is better not to rush and start training on park paths, in yards and on sidewalks. that is, as a pedestrian.
The growing popularity of cycling tourism and the problem of urban congestion are making the bicycle, previously considered a transport for teenagers, to become more and more popular among adults. That is, among cyclists, there are more and more people who learned to ride as a child, and now they are re-mastering this type of transport after a long break. It turns out that many novice cyclists have a driver’s license and many years of experience in driving a car. Advice to those who know how to drive a car well, and have not been driving a bicycle for many years: a street or an intersection looks completely different from the cab of a car and while driving a bicycle. This fact must be taken into account.
As practice shows, if you ride in compliance with all the rules, behave predictably and adequately on the road and do not create unreasonable obstacles to anyone, then the overwhelming majority of drivers will treat the cyclist with respect, and the ride will become quite comfortable and safe. You should also not neglect the well-known rule of “three de”. give way to the fool.
According to the Rules of the Road, when driving on the carriageway, the driver of any vehicle and, in particular, a bicycle, is obliged to give turn signals and braking signals.
There are usually no direction indicators on a bicycle, so these signals are given by hand. The hand signal should start well before the start of the maneuver and can be finished immediately before the start of the turn (clause 8.2 of the SDA).
To indicate a turn, you must extend your hand in the appropriate direction (clause 8.1 of the SDA).
The arm bent at the elbow denotes a turn in the opposite direction. Cyclists do not usually use this signal: it is intended for drivers of cars who have faulty direction indicators.
Braking is indicated by a raised hand (any). The braking signal must also be given in advance, a couple of seconds before the start of the braking itself, since it is rather difficult to brake and give a signal at the same time. In practice, the braking signal is given only if a car or another cyclist is behind the cyclist, and for him the maneuver may be unexpected.
Turn signals and braking signals must be given very clearly and clearly.
All city streets can be divided into 3 groups:
- main streets (without traffic lights);
- busy streets;
- streets without heavy traffic.
Of course, this division is conditional. the same street can be clogged with cars in the morning and completely empty during the day.
It is better not to ride a bicycle on main streets (for example, the Moscow Ring Road or the third transport ring). because of the high average speed of traffic, it is much more difficult not to interfere when avoiding obstacles or exits from the main road. Interchanges are often designed so that the adjoining road flows into the main road on the right. That is, a cyclist in the far right lane may suddenly find himself between two animated streams of cars.
If there is a sidewalk along the highway, it is better to move along it. Usually, the sidewalk along the main streets is separated from the carriageway by protective barriers, and it is much safer to drive along it. Otherwise, it’s better to look for another route.
On other types of roads, you can ride a bike, guided by the Rules of the road.
The most important rule of thumb when driving on city streets is to drive confidently and predictably. That is, all the intentions of the cyclist must be clear to all other road users. To do this, you need to know well the generally accepted rules of the road.
There are several common misconceptions regarding safety when driving on city streets:
- As slow as possible. This is only true if you are driving on an empty road. When driving in traffic, the safest speed is the traffic speed. When driving on the right edge of the carriageway, you should adhere to the speed at which cars in the right lane travel. Usually the average speed in the far right lane is lower than in the rest. many are parking or preparing to turn right. Thus, while driving at a speed of 25-30 km / h, interference with other road users can be minimized. If the speed is reduced to 10-15 km / h, then for the drivers the cyclist will be close to the pedestrian who has entered the carriageway. This situation can arise, for example, when driving uphill. In this case, you should leave the carriageway and go to the sidewalk.
- As close to the curb as possible. Previously, in traffic rules, a cyclist was allowed to ride no further than 1 meter from the edge of the carriageway. In recent years, this requirement has been practically impracticable. the edge of the roadway is often completely packed with parked cars. In this regard, in the new edition of the Rules, this paragraph has undergone changes. now the cyclist must ride “as far as possible to the right” (paragraph 24.2 of the SDA). Indeed, in many cases, the bicycle should be ridden as close to the right edge of the carriageway as possible. But there are exceptions to this rule. Sometimes it is safer to drive in the middle of the right lane. Just remember that in order not to interfere with anyone, you need to move fast enough. A common situation is when a cyclist rides along the street, hugging the side of the road, and at this time a car leaves the adjacent territory. The driver looks to the left, does not see the cars and continues driving. The cyclist could go unnoticed due to limited visibility (for example, a parked car or a tree).
In this situation, it is safer to drive in the middle of the right lane, then the driver leaving the adjacent territory has more chances to notice the cyclist and give him way. However, he may not give in (for example, by incorrectly assessing his speed of movement). you must always be ready for this. You should also not drive constantly in the middle of the right lane. the bike will interfere with the movement of cars. It makes sense to rebuild to the center of the right lane only when driving through intersections or exits from adjacent territories and only if the right lane is free.
While driving, one should avoid sudden changes of lanes and movements across the road. If it becomes necessary to move to the left (for example, when driving around an obstacle on the roadway, a parked car or an open hatch), then in advance (50-100 meters) give a left turn signal with your hand and slowly start changing lanes, looking back (or in the rear mirror species). It is too risky to start changing lanes just in front of an obstacle. In this regard, while driving, you should look not at the front wheel of your bike, but at the place where the bike will be in 5-10 seconds.
Often you have to drive down the street, the right lane of which is densely packed with parked cars. In this case, you need to drive about a meter from these cars, since a meter is the approximate distance of an open door. Otherwise, you may not have time to brake when the driver’s door suddenly opens.
If the right lane is crowded with parked cars loosely and there are gaps of 100-200 meters between them, then it is better to go straight without driving into them. this is safer. Any maneuver on the road is potentially dangerous, and if possible, it is better to adhere to the most straightforward trajectory.
If you plan to ride at dusk and in the dark, then you need to make your bike visible to car drivers. Usually bicycles are equipped with reflectors (white at the front, red at the back, yellow or orange on the sides). They do not shine by themselves, but they make the bike visible in the light of car headlights. If you only move around the courtyards in the dark, then there will be enough reflectors, but if you have to go out onto roads, it is better to install a white headlight and a red taillight on your bike.
You need to turn on the lights on your bike as soon as it gets dark. Twilight is a dangerous time. It seems that it is still light, but in fact, many small objects are already difficult to see. You shouldn’t save batteries at the expense of safety. When driving through busy intersections, it does not hurt to turn on the headlight during daylight hours. this way the vehicle becomes more noticeable to all other road users.
The traffic rules clearly state that it is forbidden to ride a bicycle without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand, because otherwise the bicycle loses the brakes: the brake levers on the bicycles are on the handlebars, and the foot brake may not be enough for emergency braking. In addition, any minor unevenness in the road can lead to a complete loss of control of the bike.
You can’t “hang on a wheel”. a car, although there is such a temptation. an air stream forms behind a moving car, in which you can go a little faster. The danger of such riding is that the distance between the bike and the car is insufficient. If the driver suddenly applies emergency braking, the collision will not be easy to avoid. It is also possible that the driver misses an obstacle between the wheels (pit, stone or other foreign object). If the proper distance is not observed, you may fail to react to the sudden appearance of an obstacle from under the wheels. (Being in an aerodynamic shadow or air bag of another cyclist (motorcycle or any other moving object) means getting close enough to him that he takes all the main resistance to the air flow. Since air resistance has the strongest effect on the speed of the cyclist, this is based on many cycling tactics. Alternatively, the term “riding on a wheel” is used.)
You cannot ride on the streets in a low seating position, despite the fact that it provides better aerodynamics. The driver of any vehicle should be looking forward at the road, not at his front wheel. A low seating position is only good for races when the organizers of the competition are obliged to provide a clear road.
When stopping in front of traffic lights, you should not approach the car driving in front closer than 1.5-2 meters. Especially if he stopped on the rise. The vehicle may roll back before driving. In addition, an inexperienced driver may mistakenly engage reverse gear instead of first gear.
The small size of the bike is one of its advantages, especially when driving in traffic. But don’t overuse this advantage. Sometimes it is tempting to go around the cars on the right in front of the traffic lights in the queue: there may be a distance between the right side of the cars and the sidewalk for a cyclist to pass. But only as long as the cars are stationary. When the flow begins to move even at low speed, there is a danger of pressing the cyclist to the sidewalk. In these conditions, the ability to jump on a curbstone can help out, but it is better not to get into such situations. It is especially dangerous to be near the starboard side of a truck or bus: from the cab of a large-sized car, the cyclist is not visible at all. If a long queue of cars has accumulated at the crossroads, then the cyclist should get onto the sidewalk and drive a couple of hundred meters as a pedestrian.
When driving on the road, do not use the player’s headphones. The driver must control the environment around him, and hearing is a very important channel for obtaining information. As a last resort, you can leave one ear free. Do not use a cell phone while driving.
It is also important to understand that you should not teach drivers to comply with traffic rules, risking their health and life. Despite the blatant injustice and ignorance that often occur on the roads, proving something with your body is too unequal and, moreover, it is absolutely useless.
If a traffic light or a traffic controller is installed in front of the intersection, then the order of travel is determined by the signals of this traffic light or traffic controller (clause 13.3 of the SDA).
If there is no traffic light or it does not work (off or flashing yellow), then the intersection is called unregulated, and the order of passage is determined by priority signs: vehicles on the secondary road must give way to those on the main road.
Do not forget that a working traffic light cancels the actions of the priority signs installed at the intersection.
If there is no traffic light or priority signs, then the roads are considered equivalent, and at such intersections the rule of interference from the right works: the one who has another vehicle on the right gives way (clause 13.9 of the SDA).
The world of crossroads is complex and diverse. There are intersections where the main road changes direction. Sometimes there are tram lines at intersections. How to pass these intersections is described in detail in the traffic rules.
Knowing the priorities of crossing intersections will help you overcome them quickly and confidently without interfering with other road users. However, you should not insist on your advantage: you need to go first only if it is obvious that they really give way to you.
You need to drive through intersections quickly, confidently and do not forget to give a turn signal if necessary.
Turning to the right is usually easy. Most often, turning to the right is allowed only from the right lane, where the cyclist is moving. The most important thing here is to drive to the middle of the right lane in advance so as not to turn right at the same time as the car. Otherwise, he may push the bike to the side of the road.
The most unpleasant thing is to be to the right of a truck (especially with a trailer) or a bus making a right turn. Do not forget that the bike is absolutely invisible from the cabin of the truck. It is better to skip trucks and buses ahead and follow them at the turn.
Almost everyone knows that if a traffic light with an additional section with an arrow is installed at an intersection, then you can turn only when this section is on.
Unfortunately, even among car drivers, not everyone knows that if the red signal of the main traffic light is on at the same time as the arrow, then you can turn, but it is imperative to give way to those who are driving straight (clause 13.5 of the SDA).
Driving straight through the intersection usually also works without problems. As a rule, you can drive straight from any lane, including the right-hand bike lane. You just need to drive to the middle of the right lane in advance and develop a sufficiently high speed so that the driver of the car driving behind, when turning right, does not start overtaking.
The situation becomes more complicated if at the intersection from the right lane you can only turn right, while you cannot go straight ahead (at such intersections above each lane there are corresponding prescriptive signs (5.8.2), and there are special markings on the road). When the green light is on for the cyclist, he will not be able to go straight: in front of him there will be cars willing to turn right and waiting for the arrow in the additional section of the traffic light. When this arrow lights up, driving straight ahead will also be impossible. the main traffic light at this time will be red.
The easiest way for a cyclist to drive straight through such an intersection is to go to the sidewalk and use the pedestrian crossing.
But if there is an opportunity to rebuild in advance and take a place between the first and second rows, then you can drive through this intersection in the forward direction safely and almost without breaking the rules (the instruction to move as far to the right as possible will be violated). But at the same time, between the first and second rows, you can safely wait for the green traffic light, without disturbing those who turn right along the arrow.
Immediately after passing this intersection, you should again change to the rightmost lane. No one will prevent this, since all cars that were to the right turned right. Just in case, you should still give a turn signal with your right hand and turn around, making sure that the right lane is free.
If it is not possible to rebuild in advance (for example, due to an excessively dense traffic flow), then it is easier to pass directly to become a pedestrian for a while, using the appropriate overground or underground passage.
You should also switch to pedestrian mode at those intersections where a right turn is allowed from several rows at once. To drive straight through such an intersection, you will need to rebuild not into the second, but into the third row. A cyclist should no longer do this. At least because later from the third row it is much more difficult to return to the far right.
This is a rather difficult maneuver that can only be performed by self-confident cyclists. When there is no such confidence, it is better to enter pedestrian mode.
If the road has one lane in each direction, turning left by bike is easier. Before turning, you should drive to the middle of the right lane in advance so as not to intersect with a car wishing to drive straight through the intersection.
Do not forget that it is imperative to skip traffic moving in the opposite direction. This should be done at the intersection itself, and not in front of it. That is, turning left on a bicycle is performed in three stages:
- Before reaching a few tens of meters before the crossroads, the cyclist shows with his left hand a turn signal to the left and rebuilds to the middle of the lane.
- After waiting for the permitting traffic light, the cyclist once again shows a left turn signal and drives straight to the intersection. If traffic is moving in the opposite lane, then you need to stop in the middle of the intersection in such a way as not to interfere with cars and let all oncoming traffic pass. It is best to stop and wait a little further from the center of the car’s turning trajectory. that is, after the turn, you will be immediately pressed against the edge of the right lane. You should not be afraid of a car standing nearby, which also gives way to everyone oncoming. It is not worthwhile to move far away from the axial mowing line or be at a large angle to it: the bike will interfere with those who pass directly along this lane.
- After waiting for the moment when there is no one in the oncoming lane, the cyclist turns left and exits the intersection. It is quite normal if you have to leave the intersection at a yellow or even red traffic light. this is allowed by the rules (clause 13.7 of the SDA). Leaving the intersection should be done quickly, but without fuss. If there is a delay and cars have already started moving, which have turned on the green light, you do not need to be alarmed. Firstly, cars are obliged to give way and let the maneuver finish (clause 13.8 of the SDA), and secondly, at the time of waiting for a traffic light signal, the bike was clearly visible to all drivers.
If the road is multi-lane, then you can turn left only by changing to the leftmost lane. And this is difficult to do on a bicycle. it will interfere with those who ride straight. Therefore, turning the bike to the left in such a situation is clearly prohibited by the Traffic Rules (clause 24.3 of the SDA).
An exception to this rule can be made only at a T-junction, when you cannot go straight. If you manage to rebuild in advance between the first and second rows, you can safely turn left. Otherwise, it’s better to switch to pedestrian mode.
A roundabout intersection, with its seeming simplicity, is fraught with several unobvious difficulties, therefore, safe passage of such intersections on a bicycle is not always possible.
Entering a roundabout is straightforward. it’s a normal right turn. It is worth noting that if priority signs are not installed in front of such an intersection, then the vehicle that enters the intersection has the advantage. That is, cars on the circle give way to those who enter it. Having entered the circle, the cyclist continues to move along the right lane, as usual.
It is not difficult to leave such a circle. it is also a normal turn to the right.
Driving in a circle without taking the nearest exit is the same as driving straight ahead at an intersection. You just need to remember to give way to those who enter the circle and leave in advance in the middle of their lane so as not to intersect with the car leaving the circle.
Difficulties can arise precisely when trying to drive in a circle straight. According to the traffic rules, the entrance to the roundabout can be carried out from any lane, including from the right bicycle lane. Almost all car drivers know this. But the fact that you can leave the circle only from the extreme right (outer) row, not everyone knows. This creates dangerous situations.
The cyclist tries to drive straight in a circle, but those wishing to turn right from the second row do not allow this. The situation is especially dangerous if the configuration of the intersection is such that cars can pass it at high speed. It is often difficult to drive a circle on the right lane even by car. Changing lanes between the first and second rows will not help either: after all, someday a cyclist will have to return to the outer row, and there is no certainty that this can be done without creating an emergency.
Thus, if the configuration of the intersection is such that drivers are forced to slow down to 20-30 km / h, then the cyclist can safely cross it. If there is a congestion of cars at the intersection, then the safest solution is to go to the sidewalk and become a pedestrian.
If there are tram tracks on the street along which the cyclist moves, then you should also know all the relevant points of the Road Traffic Regulations. The tram must make way for you in three cases:
- if he leaves the depot;
- if a prohibiting traffic light is on for him, and a permitting signal for a cyclist;
- if he is on a secondary road and the cyclist is on the main.
In all other cases, the tram has the advantage, that is, it starts moving first.
There are some peculiarities when driving through intersections with tram lines. If the traffic light allows both the tram and the cyclist to move, then the latter must give way to the tram.
Another peculiarity concerns the left turn at the intersection with tram lines in the middle. In this case, a left turn on a bicycle can be made only in pedestrian mode (clause 24.3 of the SDA), since following the rules, it is allowed to turn left only from tram tracks. On the other hand, you shouldn’t ride a bike on the way, as you will have to cross the rails at an acute angle, and in this situation there is a very high risk of falling.
Do not forget that crossing the rails on a bicycle is best at right angles. Especially in wet weather.
Riding a bicycle as a vehicle is not a bad practice for future car drivers. It is best to acquire initial cycling skills in courtyards (cars drive there, but at a low speed) and on quiet streets. As you gain experience, you can move to busy streets.
In addition, looking at the road from the side of the cyclist later helps to better notice them and treat them with special respect while in the car.