Is it allowed to carry children on a bicycle

How to ride children on a bike

Ten tips for parents who decide to ride a bike. from choosing the right vehicle to safety rules.

The number of children on bicycles is the most reliable indicator of good cycling infrastructure. For example, in London, children’s bicycle seats are rare, but in Paris they are often, and we immediately understand which city is friendlier and safer. Moscow and other Russian cities are still far away even for London, and yet people who ride a bike with their children are increasingly common. Good sign! We tell you what it takes to join their ranks.

1 Let’s start with traffic rules. Clause 24.8 prohibits transporting children under 7 years old on a bicycle without specially equipped seats. That is, it is now impossible to simply put the child on the trunk or frame, as our parents did and as people in other countries still do. it is illegal.

allowed, carry, children, bicycle

You can ride like that in Portland, but we can’t. Photo by BikePortland / Flickr.

2 The rules do not say from what age children are allowed to ride a bike. In theory, you can even take a newborn on board. In practice, it is better not to do this and wait for the moment when the child can sit confidently and for a long time.

A very controversial option for transporting an infant. Photo lullaton / Flickr.

3 Clause 24.2 permits adults who are carrying a child in a child seat to ride on the sidewalk. But this is exactly a permit, not a prescription. you can also drive on the roadway, there are no prohibitions on this in the traffic rules. So it all depends on your discretion.

Photo from the Moscow bike parade. Whether to go with a child on the road on ordinary days is a big question.

4 Probably the most popular option for transporting children in Denmark and Holland is the cargo bike. They can be three-wheeled (like Christiania Bikes) or two-wheeled (like Bullitt). Cargo bikes are on sale and. In the back of such a bike, you can carry several children at once, as well as adults, obedient pets and shopping bags. It is very convenient. until the first underpass, which, in contrast to Scandinavia and the Netherlands, are abundant in Russian cities. Plus, such a bike must be stored somewhere. And this is somewhere. obviously not in the hallway of an apartment building. A more practical version of a cargo bike in our area is a hybrid of a bicycle with a sidecar (for example, Taga). In stroller mode, it is relatively easy to move up stairs.

Morning delivery of children in Denmark. Photo by Comrade King / Flickr.

5 Armchairs on the frame are good for children up to three years old. An older and, accordingly, taller child will obscure the view. Children usually like to see in front of them not the monotonous parental back, but the ever-changing world. In such a chair, the child is supervised all the time and it is easy to chat with him on the road. The trunk seat will last longer. until the child is six to seven years old. These chairs have a high back. it is convenient to take a nap. But if the child loves to chat incessantly (and most children, when they are awake, they only do this), problems will begin. it will be difficult to hear each other on the noisy city streets. This year, #velonation has twice witnessed people transporting children in baskets of rental bicycles. “Velobike”. Please do not take an example from them. these baskets are not a substitute for a child seat and are generally not intended for transporting living beings.

A woman with two children on the street of Ferrara. Photo Mikael Colville-Andersen.

6 In addition to the chairs in which the child sits as if in a cocoon, there are also child seats on the frame. they are not on sale, but you can find them on the Internet. It is unclear how they correspond to paragraph 24.8 of the SDA. In any case, the child must be sufficiently grown-up and self-aware so as not to stick his feet in the wheels.

Bicycle with an additional child seat. Photo by Dean Mullin / Flickr.

7 Trailers that are attached to the parent’s bike from the back are sold in our store much wider than cargo bikes, but the problems with them are exactly the same. they are not suitable for cities with underground passages. In addition, they are low and, in order to make the trailer better visible to drivers, it is often equipped with a high flag. Obviously, the best use of trailers in our environment is walking in the park and outings.

Trailer bike passenger from Chicago. Photo by John Bowen / Flickr.

8 Oddly enough, but in the traffic rules there is no requirement to put on a helmet on the child. this remains at the discretion of the parents. The residents of the Netherlands and Denmark give us a good hint. although adults there usually do without protection, children are often equipped with helmets. Especially when they are carried in chairs. this design makes the bike heavier and less stable. The risk of dropping the bike with the child at the time of boarding or dismounting is quite high. For the same reason, a bicycle designed for transporting children would be better equipped with a footrest.

Danish mom and a couple of children in helmets. Photo by Comrade King / Flickr.

9 Different types of child seats fit different types of bicycles. make sure they are compatible before buying. And if you choose a bike with such an aim to carry a child on it, take a better model with a low frame. Especially if the child seat is attached to the trunk. Such bicycles are more convenient at the moment of dismounting and climbing, and this, as we already know, is a moment of increased danger.

It would be easier to climb onto a bike with a low frame in such a situation. Photo by jay / Flickr.

10 A typical case on the playground: the child is hot, and the parents gag their teeth from the cold. With a bicycle, the opposite is true: while the parent twists the pedals for two, the child cools down in the passenger seat. Make sure that he does not get overcooled.

Well-packed Danish baby. Photo by Franz-Michael S. Mellbin.

Above photo: Federation Europeen Cyclists’ / Flickr

Is it possible to carry children on the trunk of a bicycle?

Guest of the Morning program. Good Mood Studio. Senior Inspector of the Agitation and Propaganda Department of the UGAI GUVD of the Minsk City Executive Committee. Veronika Romankova.

As for the transportation of children? You can carry them on the frame, on the trunk?

Veronika Romankova, senior inspector of the agitation and propaganda department of the UGAI GUVD of the Minsk City Executive Committee: Let’s just say. In principle, it is forbidden to transport certain goods on a bicycle. But there are bicycles that are equipped with special restraints, in which it is allowed to transport very young children, minors.

But this is nowhere, let’s say, is prohibited, but, in any case, it is in compliance with traffic rules.

The main thing is safety: personal, others. And the State traffic inspectorate, of course, is always watching this.

Bicycle hijacking. Which lock to choose and how to fasten it correctly so as not to be stolen

Two-wheeled transport is the best helper in the warm season. And in order not to lose your iron horse, think about how to protect it from theft? First you need to decide which lock to choose.

Now there is a varied selection of bike locks against theft. They come in different types: ropes, chains and U-shaped. All types have their own advantages and disadvantages. The main difference between the locks is their weight.

Maxim Smoke: At the time of the theft of a bicycle, a cable lock will not be difficult for a person with a pair of wire cutters or pliers to have a bite in two minutes. The chain will have to try more time, you will have to saw it.

The most important thing is that when you fasten your bike in order to be as calm as possible for its safety, fasten not only to the frame, but at the same time it is best to grab part of the wheel. like this. You put the lock through both the wheel and the frame.

In addition to locks, there are bike alarms and GPS trackers that can be hidden in the frame. In case of theft, contact the law enforcement agencies. If you know the serial number of your bike, have documents and photographs of the iron horse on it, this will greatly facilitate the search. But it’s much easier to prevent theft.

Alexander Bezborodov, deputy head of the department of protection and law and order of the Pervomaisky district police department of Minsk: Do not leave your bicycles unattended, do not store them on the staircase and in the vestibules. Also, when visiting trade and catering facilities, do not leave bicycles not in specially equipped places and without using locking devices. The most effective means for the safety of bicycles is the application of a special pin-code with the entry into the information base of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

How To Take Your Kids On a Bicycle Ride | EMBN’s Guide To Carrying Your Child When Cycling

Maxim Smoke: The main mistake is made when the bike is not properly tied to the post or to the bike parking: when the bike is not fastened to the frame, but to the wheel, or to some part of the bike that can be removed. If you leave your bike somewhere strapped on, then leave it somewhere under the cameras in a crowded place.

Don’t lose sight of your iron friend.

Viewing Document Contents Appendix 1

At what age is a cyclist allowed to ride on the road??

Where is it allowed to ride a cyclist who has not reached the age of allowed to ride on the road?

In the yard and on special playgrounds.

How a cyclist should inform other road users about the intention to make a right turn?

Stretch the right arm or bend the left arm at the elbow.

Is the cyclist allowed to carry passengers on a trunk or frame?

Only a child under 7 years old on an additional seat.

Can cyclists ride parallel to each other?

It is possible if the road with one lane.

Duties of the cyclist, rules for cycling. Repetition for pedestrians and passengers

Duties of the cyclist, rules for cycling. Repetition for pedestrians and passengers

Education of a disciplined pedestrian, cyclist driver;

Development of the ability to solve assigned tasks.

Provide useful knowledge to young citizens,

Develop the need to comply with traffic rules;

Viewing the content of the document Synopsis

Duties of a cyclist, rules for cycling. Repetition for pedestrians and passengers

Education of a disciplined pedestrian, cyclist driver;

Development of the ability to solve assigned tasks.

Provide useful knowledge to young citizens,

Develop the need to comply with traffic rules;

Teaching methods: explanatory and illustrative.

Forms of organizing educational activities: individual, group.

Handouts: (Cards numbered 1, 2, 3 (according to the number of students), cards “Yes”, “Not” (one set per desk), cards with test work for each student.

This horse does not eat oats, Instead of legs. two wheels. Sit astride and race on it! Only better to steer. (Bicycle)

Two wheels in a row, Their legs are twisted, And on top of it, the owner is crocheted. (Bicycle)

I only keep on walking, And if I do, I will fall. (Bicycle)

That’s right, the topic of today’s lesson is the Young Cyclist Rules. On it we will learn what bicycles are, repeat the Traffic Rules for cyclists on the road.

Roads and streets have strict laws, their own alphabet is the Traffic Rules, which must be observed by drivers and pedestrians. Not knowing the language of the roads can lead to trouble, to a traffic accident. And in order that this does not happen to you, we will remember Traffic Laws.

READ  What Are Bike Speeds For?

I suggest you remember the Traffic Rules for pedestrians. I will read the questions, and you raise the card with the number of the correct answer.

Which part of the street is pedestrianized?

1) Mostovaya;2) Sidewalk; 3) Cycle path.

Where pedestrians should walk in the absence of sidewalk?

1) On the right side of the curb; 2) On the right side of the road;3) On the left side, towards traffic.

How a pedestrian should walk on the sidewalk?

1) Sticking to the right side; 2) Sticking to the left; 3) Sticking to the middle.

The bus stopped at a stop, you got off. How do you cross the road correctly if there is no island in the middle??

1) Behind the bus; 2) In front of the bus; 3) Only after the bus departs.

Whom pedestrians obey if the intersection is regulated by traffic lights and a traffic controller?

1) Traffic signals; 2) Signals of the traffic controller; 3) It depends on the situation.

This is how pedestrians should behave. Well done!

Reading out questions starting with words “Do you believe that”. You sit in pairs. after consulting for 15 seconds, at the signal, raise the cards with the answer “Yes” or “Not”.

Are cyclists forbidden to ride without holding the wheel with at least one hand? (Yes)

Are cyclists prohibited from transporting passengers (except for a child under the age of 7 in an extra seat equipped with reliable footrests)? (Yes)

Leonardo da Vinci was the first inventor of the bicycle? (Yes)

Should the cyclist move in the dark with his headlights or flashlight on? (Yes)

Do cyclists need to wear a helmet when driving outside the city? (Not)

Today we will have the opportunity to make sure that your answers are correct.

Speech by a pre-prepared student.

The first inventor of the bicycle was Leonardo da Vinci.

Bicycles are very popular in China as a means of transportation.

The first bike paths appeared in France.

The longest bike is 22 meters long.

The double-decker bike was built in England.

In Cuba, during the carnival, a giant bicycle was demonstrated with a length of 4.5 meters and a height of 2.38 meters.

The first road signs were black and white.

Conversation using a presentation. The materials used for the conversation [1]

Before choosing a bike, decide where you are going to ride it. There are several types of bicycles: road, road (sports), mountain, trial bike.

Road is the best choice for daily commuting. Their construction is pretty simple.

Road (sports). intended only for roads with good coverage. Such a bike has a very good speed, it can accelerate to 10 km / h.

Mountain. main destination for cross-country riding.

A trial is overcoming obstacles and performing various stunts on a bicycle. It differs markedly from the others. Small frame, no saddle, wide curved handlebars, large pedals.

A person must be at least 14 years old to ride a bicycle while driving on roads, and a moped must be at least 16 years old.

Once you get behind the wheel of a bicycle, you become a driver. Always be extremely careful, careful, and if there is an opportunity to go in a safer place, choose it.

Tips and Tricks for Cycling with Baby

Outside the city and along the road there is a roadside, pull over it and move along the roadside.

In some cities, cycle paths are marked for cyclists. They are marked with a stripe on the asphalt and marked with a sign “Bicycle lane”.

Drive without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand;

Carry passengers, except for a child under the age of 7, on an additional seat equipped with reliable footrests

Carry cargo that protrudes more than 0.5 m in length or width beyond the dimensions, or cargo that interferes with management;

Drive on the road if there is a cycle path nearby;

Turn left or make a U-turn onto a road with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane when driving in a given direction.

Columns during movement should be divided into groups of 10 people. The distance between them should be 80. 100 meters.

Turn to the right. extend your right arm to the side or your left arm bent at the elbow. The driver of the car can use the signals with direction indicators or with his hand. Remember them. While driving, pay attention to the directions of vehicles moving near you.

Turn left. In the yard or in the area of ​​the sign “Living sector” before turning to the left, you need to stretch out to the side a straight left arm or a right arm bent at the elbow.

Braking. before you slow down, if you want to stop or brake, you need to give the appropriate signal. raise your left or right hand up.

Before turning, approach the edge of the carriageway as much to the right as possible.

Give a turn signal well in advance of the turn.

Look around and stop beeping just before performing the maneuver.

Always stop before “zebra”, to let pedestrians pass.

If you need to turn left, you need to get to the pedestrian crossing, get off the bike and cross the road, observing the Pedestrian Safety Rules.

When leaving the yard, visibility is usually impaired (there is no full view of the surrounding area). Therefore, the driver needs to slow down to make sure the traffic is safe. Following the sidewalk is the roadway. Slow down again, look around and make sure the road is clear and safe to leave.

Remember you can always get off your bike and become a pedestrian.

Drive on sidewalks only if you do not interfere with pedestrians.

We already know that overtaking is prohibited. What to do if there is an obstacle on the way.

“The safest thing to do in this case is to get off the bike, go to the sidewalk and walk around the obstacle. If you are driving outside the city, you can avoid the obstacle on the side of the road.

The cyclist, like the driver of the car, must respect pedestrians and let them pass.

Rotating beacons are installed on the roof of the car and signal that their passengers have a special task.

In this case, other drivers, having noticed such a car, must give way to it.

Crossing railway tracks. (Slides 9, 10)

It is allowed to cross the railway only in special places. Before crossing, you should get off the bike and cross the paths on foot, rolling the bike next to.

Before the crossings, road signs, traffic lights, a barrier are installed, there may be a crossing officer.

Passing through the railroad track is prohibited by the red traffic light. Simultaneously with the signal of the traffic light, a sound signal can be given.

If you find yourself in front of an unregulated crossing, get off the bike, look around and, making sure that the train is not moving without stopping, cross the tracks.

Drivers and pedestrians must comply with the requirements of signals and orders of the traffic controller, even if they contradict traffic signals, traffic signs or markings.

If your arms are extended to the sides or lowered, and you are facing his right or left side, you are allowed to go straight or turn right;

If your arms are extended to the sides or lowered, and you are facing his right or left side, you are allowed to go straight or turn right;

If the traffic controller stretches his hand forward, then everyone to his left can move in any direction. Those who stand on the side of the chest can only go to the right.

An outstretched hand indicates that all road users must stop.

Consolidation of the studied material.

To consolidate the studied material, it is proposed to perform the test (slide 12 with marked correct answers).

At what age is a cyclist allowed to ride on the road??

Where is it allowed to ride a cyclist who has not reached the age of allowed to ride on the road?

In the yard and on special playgrounds.

How a cyclist should inform other road users about the intention to make a right turn?

Stretch the right arm or bend the left arm at the elbow.

Is the cyclist allowed to carry passengers on a trunk or frame?

Only a child under 7 years old on an additional seat.

Can cyclists ride parallel to each other?

It is possible if the road with one lane.

In the lesson, we got acquainted with the rules of the road for cyclists. They are set out in detail in the Traffic Rules of the Russian Federation, paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 6,8, 13, 15, 17, 24.

Creative work. Prepare drawings on the topic: “The road and we”

Young Cyclist’s Assistant / Beginner Cyclist’s Guide to the Rules of the Road LTD “GreenArtVideo”, 64s.

Everyone should know the road rules: Educational games with preschoolers and schoolchildren / Avt.sost. M. S. Kogan 4th ed Novosibirsk: Sib.univ.izd-vo, 2008 256 p.

View presentation content Presentation2

Traffic Laws

At what age is a cyclist allowed to ride on the road??

  • From 12 years old
  • From 16 years old
  • From 14 years old

Where is it allowed to ride a cyclist who has not reached the age of allowed to ride on the road?

  • On the bike path.
  • By the side
  • In the yard and on special playgrounds.

How a cyclist should inform other road users about the intention to make a right turn?

  • By voice.
  • Reach out and wave your right hand.
  • Stretch the right arm or bend the left arm at the elbow.

Is the cyclist allowed to carry passengers on a trunk or frame?

  • Yes
  • Not
  • Only a child under 7 years old on an additional seat.

Can cyclists ride parallel to each other?

  • It is possible if the road with one lane.
  • It is forbidden in any situations.
  • Can.

Lesson outline plan. Cycling and health.

by Pedagogy of additional education for children and adults

Municipal budgetary institution of additional education Station of young technicians

Stupino urban district, Moscow region

student of professional retraining courses Professional retraining course Pedagogy of additional education for children and adults

Lesson topic. Cycling and health.

The date of the. April 25, 2018

The composition of the study group is 10 people, boys 6 people, girls 4 people, age 10-12 years

1.Training :. actualization of knowledge, skills and abilities on the studied topic, new concepts; formation of a healthy lifestyle;. formation of knowledge, ideas about the safe movement of cyclists on the road;. broadening the outlook of pupils about vehicles;. repetition of safety rules for working with scissors. 2. Development :. development of the ability to analyze, compare, justify; development of dexterity, attention, endurance; development of a healthy personality;. development, accuracy, logical thinking. 3.Education:. fostering a sense of involvement in traffic and responsibility for their behavior on the road;. discipline;. culture of behavior on the street;. instilling interest in the subject under study and a healthy lifestyle;. fostering independence, hard work.

Form of training lesson conversation, story

Foma of the organization of work, individual-group

Teaching methods : combination of monologue and dialogical presentation of material with the formulation of creative tasks, partly search, reproductive

Teaching Methods : informative, explanatory Teaching Methods : listening, participating in a discussion, observing Parenting methods : conversation, the inclusion of students in active teaching and educational activities

Material and technical equipment of the lesson

traffic posters, student test cards, magnetic bike mockup

Greetings from students. A mood for a good work atmosphere.

Updating supporting knowledge, skills and abilities

activate basic knowledge, abilities, skills.

b) Composition of basic knowledge: bicycle, cyclists c) Teaching methods: conversation, riddles, story d) Teaching methods: listening, guessing riddles.

conduct a quiz on traffic rules in the form of testing.

Updating supporting knowledge, skills and abilities

Hello guys! Now I will ask you riddles, and you will determine the topic of our lesson. So…

Riddle: My birthday. They gave me a horse. What a wonderful! Blue-blue. You need to ride carefully, You can hold on to the horns, It’s a pity that there is no mane What kind of horse ? (Bicycle)

Teacher:. Three brothers. one in front, two behind, they run, and they cannot catch up with one. Students:

Right. What is health? Why does a person need it?

Health is a state of complete physical and mental well-being, and not just the absence of disease.

Every person from early childhood should take care of their health. Health allows us to live interestingly and study better. Therefore, you are taught to lead a healthy lifestyle. What is it?

For example: Cycling brings tremendous benefits to our body. And today we will talk about cycling and health.

During a bike ride, the muscles of the legs are strengthened, and their endurance increases, the activity of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems improves. When we take long cycling trips in the fresh air, we make our lungs work at full strength. At the same time, the blood is enriched

READ  Bicycle engine mount kit

oxygen, which goes to the cells of the brain and other vital organs. Cycling is a great way to harden and boost immunity.

Even for the eyes, cycling is very beneficial. looking into the distance and focusing on objects that are far away, we train the eye muscle, thereby reducing the risk of myopia.

Riding a bicycle, we get a huge boost of vivacity, the mood, the general emotional state of a person improves. At the same time, the nervous system is strengthened, everyday worries and anxieties go away, stress is relieved.

Cycling is as beneficial as running, but also more enjoyable. Cycling machines can be found in any gym, but cycling in the woods, in the park or outside the city is incomparable pleasure.!

But in order for cycling to be beneficial, and not harm our health, it is necessary to follow some rules:

Do not skate intensively immediately after eating.

Some people may experience pain in their knees when cycling frequently due to prolonged stress. To prevent these problems from developing into a rather serious disease, you need to combine skiing with rest, not to load your joints with work. In addition, feasible loads on the knee joints can be ensured by correct adjustment of the seat and handlebar height.

A guide to carrying your child on a bicycle

Before the trip, you need to do a few squats to warm up the joints.

When cycling, it is important to drink enough fluids to stay hydrated, which is also bad for your joints. You need to drink still, preferably mineral water, which restores the salt balance.

Falling off the bike can cause injury.

Be extremely careful and attentive on busy streets!

Regularly check the condition of the bike: the brakes are working well, the tires are inflated, the nuts and bolts are tightened, the chain is not slack. Your safety depends on the technical serviceability of the bike.!

Choose the most convenient time for training and make it a part of your life. Seize the moment and ride your bike!

But don’t forget that everything is fine in moderation, including cycling. Physical education to the poem by S. Mikhalkov Bicycle (read and shown by the teacher). I roll on two wheels, roll on two pedals. (walking in place ) I hold on to the wheel, I look ahead. (stretch your arms forward) I know: the turn is coming soon. (hands to the side) I was prompted by a road sign: The highway descends into a ravine. (sat down) Rolling idle, in plain sight of pedestrians. (circular motion with hands)

III. Formation of new knowledge, abilities, skills Teacher:. You are wonderful cyclists. But it is not enough to know how to ride a bike, you need to know the rules of riding. What are the rules for safe cycling?? Pupils :. You can ride only in the courtyard of the house, in parks and squares specially designated for riding The bike must be technically sound, you can not ride without using your hands Drive onto the carriageway, the bike must be transferred across the road, and not run over. You can’t ride two in a row. Teacher:. You guys are right. Here are a few more rules that cyclists need to know. Teacher:. Guys, let’s not forget that a bicycle is also a vehicle, which means that the traffic rules stipulate that the minimum age for driving a bicycle on public roads is 14 full years must:. Check the technical condition of the vehicle, in particular the steering and braking system. The bike should only be driven in the rightmost lane. It is allowed to drive on sidewalks and pedestrian paths if it does not interfere with pedestrians.The rules also state that transporting children under the age of 7 is allowed if there is an additional special seat equipped with reliable footrests. It is prohibited:

Driving in the event of a brake and steering malfunction.

Carry a load that protrudes beyond the dimensions of the bike, interfering with control, by more than 0.5 m.

Drive without holding the wheel with at least one hand.

Towing bicycles, as well as bicycles, except for towing a trailer intended for use with a bicycle.

Turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for driving in a given direction.

Drive on the road when there is a cycle path nearby.

To drive a vehicle in a state of intoxication (alcoholic, narcotic or otherwise), under the influence of drugs that impair the reaction and attention, in a painful or tired state that endangers traffic safety.

Drive on the road at night without the front white light on.

Further, when turning right or left, the driver must give way to pedestrians crossing the carriageway on which he is turning, as well as cyclists crossing it on a cycle track (a cyclist moving straight takes advantage).

At an unregulated intersection of a cycle path with a road located outside the intersection, bicycle drivers must give way to vehicles moving along this road.

If the traffic signal is in the form of a bicycle silhouette, then its effect applies only to cyclists. For cyclists, a green flashing signal permits movement and informs that its duration will expire and the prohibition signal will soon be switched on.

Passing intersections. show the direction of the turn with your hand before turning. It is also worth noting that the same rules apply for cyclists as for motorists.

Note: don’t forget your bike helmet. It protects the head from damage from falls.

IV. Application of knowledge, formation of skills and abilities Quiz

What are the rules for the person riding the bike??

A. Rules for drivers B. Rules for pedestrians Rules for motorcyclists

A. The person driving the wheelchair B. Person driving any vehicle B. Person driving the bicycle

At what age is it allowed to ride a bike on public roads?

A. At least 10 years old B. At least 14 years old At least 16 years old

What goods are prohibited to carry on a bicycle and a moped?

A. Any cargo B. Loads that interfere with control or protrude more than 0.5 in length and width beyond the dimensions Cargoes weighing more than 10 kg 5. Is it allowed to carry passengers on a bicycle?

A. Permitted B. Forbidden It is allowed to transport children under 7 years old on a specially equipped seat

V. Making a magnetic bike Prepared in advance: cut-off ring of a tin can 30 mm wide, tin plate 20 mm wide, wooden boss (to be inserted into the center of the wheel), thin cardboard, copper wire, drawing paper, magnet, glue, paints, plasticine, plywood, writing paper. Independent work and ongoing frontal instruction of the teacher Repetition of safety rules when working with scissors, glue Teacher: We cut out a circle from thin cardboard, 10 mm larger in diameter than the ring. Cut this extra part of the circle into petals and bend them at right angles. We will get a cup, in the center of which we glue a wooden boss. We make a bicycle saddle from a strip of tin 20 mm wide. Bend it in the form of the letter P. Bend the lower ends of the strip in the form of two shelves. Make a hole in the middle of the saddle. We will pass a copper wire through them, the boss and the cup. It should fit tightly. Bend it so that you get the pedals. Cut out the figure of a cyclist, a clown from drawing paper (paint it). At the bottom, it should have a bend with which the clown is glued to the saddle of the bike. Cut the legs out of thinner paper. For mobility, some of them are made in the form of an accordion. The pedals go through the cyclist’s shoes. And so that the legs do not slip, we wind narrow strips of paper with glue on the end of the pedals. We’ll need sleeves rolled up of thin wire and put on the pedals and glue the legs to the body of the clown. The clown must be in an upright position all the time, so we smear the saddle shelves with plasticine, it will serve as a counterweight. There is a magnet under the pad. When we start to move with a magnet, the bike starts to move and makes turns.

Students:. The heart and blood vessels are trained and strengthened, the general endurance of the body is trained.The amount of air inhaled increases (the lungs work at 100), due to the fact that you are in the fresh air, each organ (including the brain) receives nutrients with the blood. the metabolism is getting better The muscles of the legs are trained and strengthened The vestibular apparatus and such an important quality as coordination are perfectly trained Looking into the distance. prevention of visual impairment (when reading Focus all the time on a close object. This is one of the reasons for the development of myopia) How do you want to eat after a bike ride? Appetite appears. a sign of an active metabolism. the body’s ability to resist infections (immunity) increases. Teacher:

Statistics say that those who regularly spend their free time cycling, 70% less flu and colds in winter. According to unofficial sources, cycling helps to cure diseases associated with speech defects, from stuttering.

Remember cycling lays the foundation for future health. (Teacher distributes bicycle handouts to students) Teacher:

This reminder will always remind you of the rules of cycling.

Memo for cyclists Bicycle drivers, your bike. vehicle! Two-wheeled friend is reliable, Just know: where, what, how you can! Before you start the journey with him, Do not forget to check Brakes, wheels serviceability, Reflector at the back is red. You can ride on a friend, There. Where is the path for him? Saddle the bike. Only from the age of fourteen! Carrying passengers, Cargo with long dimensions, And riding without both hands are forbidden for you here! Forbidden definitely will help without a doubt!

Vi. Homework Memorize the memo

Assignment to students by reflecting on their activities.

Physical education, a minute, gave mobility to our lesson, and the manufacture of a magnetic bicycle, contributed to the development of motor skills of students.

The tasks and goals set during the lesson were completed and achieved.

Obukhova L. A., Lemyaskina N. A. School of Doctors of Nature, or 135 health lessons (grades 1-4). Ed. 2nd, rev. And add M.: VAKO, 2005.

Kazakova O.V., Sboeva N.A. M.: VAKO, 2004.

Rybin A. L. Cyclists about safe road traffic M.: Transport, 1991.

K.P. Nefedova Transport. What is he? A guide for teachers, parents M.: Publishing house GNOM and D, 2003.

Fundamentals of life safety. Lesson plans. Grade 3 / Comp. G.N. Shevchenko. Volgograd: Teacher, 2004.

Is it allowed to carry children on a bicycle

Preschool age, Parenting

Website for kindergarten, for kindergarten teachers and parents

For parents of preschoolers

Cycling with your child

Preparing the bike for transporting children

Modern bicycles have long been a reliable and convenient means of transporting children, so it’s always helpful to read some of the tips for parent cycling. We offer answers to several of the most pressing questions of mothers of preschool children related to the choice of a bicycle seat and other accessories for a comfortable and safe bike ride with a child who does not yet know how to ride independently.

Do I need a bike rack when transporting a child?

According to the rules of the road, it is forbidden to transport children on the trunk, but such a thing can be a useful acquisition for those who are serious about cycling safety. Sometimes a trunk can come in handy for attaching a child seat to it. By law, it is not allowed to carry passengers on a bicycle, except for a child under 7 years of age in an additional seat equipped with reliable footrests.

The most reliable trunk is considered to be a model made of titanium, and recommended for extreme sports and mountain biking enthusiasts. But in ordinary city life, expensive titanium trunks are unlikely to justify the financial costs of buying them, so usually parents buy models made of lightweight aluminum. Such a rack can be easily screwed on using special holes in the bike structure. Another variety. console roof racks. are not suitable for transporting children. As they are attached to the seat tube and can support a maximum weight of ten kilograms.

The purchase of a trunk for a child will be required if the parents have chosen to purchase a bicycle seat with attachment directly to the trunk. But many models of modern bicycle seats are universal, so they usually include a lock in their design for attaching to the seat tube of the frame. The use of a rack when installing a bicycle seat is quite justified, since such a combination gives the carriage of a small passenger more stability and significantly increases safety when moving a bicycle.

READ  How To Attach A Child Seat To A Bicycle

Is it possible to carry a child weighing 25 kilograms in a bicycle seat?

There are age restrictions for transporting children on a bicycle: the driver of a bicycle vehicle does not have the right to drive a child who is already seven years old. But some children weigh 25 kilograms even at the age of six, so manufacturers of children‘s bicycle seats pay attention to the fact that the design of a plastic seat can support a child weighing up to 22 kilograms. The reason for the weight limitation is the load capacity of the lock that secures the bike seat to the seat tube.

Which bike is better for transporting a child to kindergarten?

Some parents begin to think about the possible transportation of their child to kindergarten even before buying a child seat and the bike itself. Sellers offer to buy only expensive professional bicycles for the intended transportation of children. But price shouldn’t be the determining factor. First of all, you need to pay attention to the wheels of the bicycle: if they include double rims in their design, then such a model can easily withstand a heavy load. Therefore, such bicycles are more suitable for trips to the country with a child on their back.

What brand of universal bicycle seat can I choose for transporting a child?

Cycling with children is a common practice in the life of Europeans, especially residents of Sweden and Denmark. The products of European, in particular Scandinavian, manufacturers meet the basic requirements of modern parents-cyclists. It is better to buy high-quality bicycle seats from manufacturers that care about the safety of passengers and have included special mechanisms and improvements in the design of the child seat to achieve maximum safety:

  • High quality plastic used for the body of the child seat. Such a chair will be able to withstand shocks and not burst under stress and vibration.
  • Large maximum child weight. up to 22 kg. (Some low-quality bike seats allow you to carry a baby weighing up to 15 kg).
  • High back with comfortable recess in the head area. The child can lean back and sleep in a chair without removing the helmet, which is mandatory when transporting a child on a bicycle.
  • Lack of special handles for which the child must hold on while riding. Comfortable, high-quality seats for children do not need to make an effort to keep themselves in a safe position on the bike.
  • Intelligent universal lock system for attaching the child seat to the seat tube, as well as a duplicate that allows you to easily unfasten the child seat and transfer it to the second parent’s bike.
  • Wide and soft seat belts should be equipped with a rather complex closing mechanism so that a small child does not accidentally unfasten the latches.
  • A good universal bicycle seat is always equipped with reliable shock absorbers, otherwise a poor-quality seat will lead to serious problems in the formation of a child’s skeleton. Immediately you need to pay attention to the fact that a bicycle seat for a one-year-old child should be equipped with the maximum hope of a shock absorption system.
  • The safety harness on the footrests of the bike seat is another aspect to look out for. If the seat does not include locks on the footrests, then such a model will not be able to protect the legs of an active preschooler from possible hitting the wheels and interfering with the ride.

Where is it safer and more comfortable to place a child seat on a bicycle? Front frame or rear trunk?

Many modern bicycles are not designed for front-mounted child safety seats. This position for a small passenger can create inconvenience when pedaling. Although manufacturers try to minimize possible discomfort when driving with a front child seat. The seat back is made lower, which leads to the fact that the child’s side protection disappears in the event of a possible fall of the bicycle. While some parents prefer pedaling, letting the child see not the cyclist’s back, but the wide line of the horizon with great views ahead.

In their opinion, when the bike falls, it will not make much difference, although it should be borne in mind that with poor-quality seat belts, the belt buckle may break or open. In this case, the baby sitting behind the parent’s back will suffer less, being protected by the body of an adult, and the child strapped to the front seat may fly out of the chair and get seriously injured.

An additional disadvantage of installing the bike seat in front of the rider is that it is quite difficult for an adult to maintain the upright position required to ride a bike with a child seat attached to the frame. This means that long trips with a child will have to be abandoned, which does not happen when installing a bicycle seat behind a cyclist.

General safety advice when cycling with a child

  • Buy a safety helmet for your child. Teach your toddler that wearing a helmet is a prerequisite for cycling with parents.
  • Choose quiet, unpolluted streets with flat paths to reduce possible shaking and stress on the child’s spine.
  • In groves, parks, pay attention to tree branches. They should be higher than the baby’s head so as not to cause traumatic injury.
  • Take the time to bring a small purse with a bandage and antiseptic. It can come in handy in case of injuries and possible falls.

Riding a bike with your toddler behind you is not a high-speed race, so stick to a gentle and calm manner of riding, slowing down at the sight of a knot or bumps on the road.

Is the bicycle a vehicle and what type it belongs to??

When we talk about transport, we represent the image of a car, trolleybus, bus or some other vehicle, but the bicycle, as a rule, is not taken seriously by us. Quite often on the roads you can see cyclists hugging the curbs for their safety. The article will discuss whether a bicycle is considered a means of transport, and if so, what type it belongs to.

Vehicle definition

According to the definition of the traffic rules, transport includes devices for transporting people, as well as cargo and equipment installed in transport. This is stated in paragraph 1.2 of the code of the road. That is, the main function of a vehicle is transportation. The classification implies several types:

  • rail;
  • wheeled;
  • crawler.

According to the rules of the road, a bicycle is also a wheeled mechanical type of vehicle, set in motion by the force of the muscles of a person sitting on it, or by means of an electric motor, which has a maximum power during prolonged movement of no more than 0.25 kW and turns off at a speed of more than 25 km. / h.

A cyclist is considered a bicycle driver, he is obliged to comply with the rules of the road and be responsible for non-compliance with them and for traffic safety. This is especially true for those cyclists who ride on the highway.

Having entered the carriageway, the cyclist becomes a full participant in road traffic just like the driver of cars or public transport. However, not all bicycle riders are conscious people, despite the fact that they are already quite mature. Only persons over the age of 14 are allowed to use the motorway. Very often cyclists and older ones behave on the road like pedestrians.

It should always be remembered that when dismounting from a bicycle, a person obeys the general rules for pedestrians, and while riding a bicycle. the rules for car drivers.

Duties of the cyclist

The cyclist is obliged to equip his bike with headlights. The front is attached white, the back is red, like a car. Equip the wheels at the rear, front and sides with reflectors so that in the dark other drivers understand who is driving in front. Also, the bike must have a handlebar, braking system and sound signal in perfect condition. To transport passengers, there must be a special seat attached to the trunk or frame. This applies to the transportation of preschool children.

A cyclist is obliged to move along the motorway along the extreme right lane if a cycle path is not provided for on this section. If it is, then it is allowed to move only along it. On the highway, the cyclist moves in the same direction of travel as other vehicles, and not in the opposite direction.

Bicycle columns must move in one row, the maximum number is 10 people. If the group of athletes is larger, it is necessary to divide into 2, 3 or more columns depending on the number of cyclists. The distance between the columns must be at least 80 meters for sufficient space for vehicles to maneuver.

The bicycle does not have turn signals, but nevertheless, the person driving this transport is obliged to give signals indicating his intentions. If he wants to make a turn to the left, then he shows it with the help of his left hand extended in that direction, if to the right, then his right. When the cyclist wants to stop, he must extend one arm high up.

Cyclists are allowed to move on the sidewalks only if a preschool passenger or those accompanying the convoy of schoolchildren are being transported. If the cyclist interferes with the movement of pedestrians, then he must continue his journey, dismounted to the ground like a pedestrian. He will be able to sit behind the wheel of a bicycle again on freer sections of the path.

It is obliged to move, following the directions of road signs specially provided for cyclists, as well as follow the instructions of road signs that are provided for any road user. On unregulated pedestrian crossings, the cyclist lets pedestrians pass in the same way as if he was driving a car.

To cross an intersection, a cyclist must make a reference point at a special signal of a bicycle traffic light. If there is none, then there is a reference point for a general.

Traffic fines

Since the person driving the bicycle is the driver of the vehicle, especially if he is driving on the road, then fines and penalties are imposed if the rules and laws are violated. The Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (Code of Administrative Offenses) says what exactly the fine is charged for.

  • any offense by a cyclist is fined 800 rubles;
  • if the rule is violated in a state of drug or alcohol intoxication, then the fine is already from 900 to 1600 rubles;
  • when interfering with the movement of vehicles, a fine is charged in the amount of 800 rubles;
  • in case of harm to human health. a fine from 900 to 2000 rubles, depending on the severity of the damage caused.

Prohibitions and offenses

Along with the obligations, there are also prohibitions that are provided for in paragraph 24.8 of the SDA. It lists what is strictly prohibited for a cyclist.

  • Let go of the handlebars when driving anywhere. This applies to motorways, sidewalks and special bike paths.
  • Transportation of cargo that does not correspond in size to the permissible standards. The load should not protrude more than half a meter to either side.
  • Carriage of passengers on a bicycle that does not have special equipment.
  • Cycling along the pedestrian crossing. It is necessary to dismount.
  • Move without a special helmet or with the locks unbuttoned.
  • Make a U-turn or turn to the left on tram lines and on a road where several lanes are indicated.
  • It is forbidden to tow anything other than trailers.
  • Driving while intoxicated with alcohol or drugs.
  • Driving after taking intoxicants or strong medications.
  • Drive on the motorway if there is a cycle path nearby.
  • Drive on the side of the road or along median lanes.
  • Transfer the driving of a bicycle to another person who has traveled a long distance without rest, who is drunk, under narcotic intoxication or who takes strong medications.
  • Communicate on the phone without a headset while driving.

Road signs for the bike driver

There are three main bicycle signs, of which two are prescriptive and one prohibiting:

  • crossing a cycle path with a pedestrian and others is a prescriptive sign;
  • a bicycle path sign is also prescriptive;
  • sign prohibited from cycling. prohibiting.

And there are also general signs that a cyclist needs to take into account, such as:

  • Movement Prohibition;
  • road up;
  • road only for cars;
  • pedestrian area or footpath.

Considering all the rules and regulations for cyclists, you can enjoy your ride, combining business with pleasure.

Cycling is not only a sustainable way to get around, but also a physical training.

In the next video, you will find traffic rules for cyclists.