Average speed depending on the type of bike
Let’s see what speed can be expected on average using different types of bicycles.
- road bicycles. These models are the simplest: large, rather heavy, usually not involving gear shifting. They are intended mainly for city traffic and highways with good coverage. Their speed is low: you should not expect to exceed the mark of 13-15 km / h even on a beautiful flat surface.
- city bicycles. They are also often called walking. They are already much more functional than the road ones. Light weight, comfortable, functional design and the ability to switch speeds provide an average speed of 12-17 km / h in the city and about 20 km / h on the highway
- on road bikes it is easy to develop and maintain an average speed of 28-33 km / h
- MTB bicycles (mountain). When riding a mountain bike on a highway, you can usually reach an average speed of 25 km / h. If you change tires for those intended for driving on asphalt, the speed increases by 3-4 km / h. In rough terrain, the speed is usually between 10 and 15 km / h
- hybrid. This bike is something in between road and mountain bike types. Speed on the highway. about 25-28 km / h, off-road. about 10 km / h
The bike is a rocket. New speed record
Not a bicycle anymore, but not a rocket yet. A new speed record on a jet bike was set by the Frenchman François Gissy. 333 km / h. Let’s take a look at these breathtaking footage:
Average speed depending on terrain
Usually, there are three types of terrain that are most relevant to the cyclist:
- city or urban-type settlement
- rugged terrain
Of course, it is difficult to develop high speed in the city: there are many road users. The cyclist usually only has to move along the roads, pressing against their right side, in the general stream of cars. You have to be doubly careful not to accidentally fall under the wheels.
The average speed also depends on how often intersections with traffic lights are found on the way, as well as on the degree of traffic congestion. Traffic jams are not scary for a cyclist, but often it becomes necessary to maneuver among cars. But in small cities with not very dense traffic, it is already easier to accelerate.
Depending on all these conditions, the average speed of a cyclist in urban conditions ranges from 10 to 15-17 km / h. If the city can boast of the presence of bicycle paths, then it increases to 15-17 km / h. Provided, of course, that they are used for their intended purpose, and pedestrians do not move along them.
On the highway, the average speed increases due to the absence of traffic lights and pedestrian crossings. It depends on the quality of the road surface and the type of bike. Small, city-specific models are unlikely to exceed the 20 km / h mark. But if we take into account ordinary universal bicycles, then we can talk about an average speed of 20-25 km / h. On the road, you can accelerate to 28-32 km / h, but only experienced cyclists with excellent physical fitness can maintain a higher speed.
Rough terrain is a rather abstract concept. It can include both off-road rather comfortable for driving, and valleys teeming with ravines. Therefore, the difference between the minimum and maximum speed limits is large: from 5 to 15 km / h.
Two-wheeled gallop: what speed can you develop on a bicycle?
Bicycle speed is an ambiguous value. As with a car, it depends on the terrain conditions, the type of bike and the skill of the cyclist. Therefore, when talking about average speed, it is difficult to determine a specific number with absolute certainty. But to find out how many kilometers you can cover per hour in a city or highway, using one or another type of iron horse, you can easily.
The absolute speed record was set by the athlete Fred Rompelberg in 1995. On his sports bike, he reached 268 km / h.
Other record results include the achievements of athletes in the first half of the 20th century: for example, in 1937, one of them developed a speed of 139 km / h, and the other in 1942 broke this record, accelerating to 175 km / h.
Maximum recorded speed on downhill slopes is 212 km / h.
It is possible to talk about the average speed of the bike only with reservations. In addition to the type of terrain and type of bike, there are many factors that affect speed. This is the level of physical fitness of the cyclist, and many technical details: for example, the diameter and mass of the wheels, geometric design features, air resistance, etc. There is only a rough idea of what average speed can be maintained in a city or on a highway, on a mountain bike or an ordinary city bike.
Choose flat routes
There are many alternative routes for your commute. If you have a choice, avoid the hills, don’t drive up and down. While downhill skiing can be fun, driving up and down hills will disrupt your steady pace. Then on your trip you won’t be without sweat.
Avoid strenuous driving
Typically, each pedal rotation can be thought of as one step when climbing stairs. an easy step. This applies to the entire cycling journey: move calmly. Using low gears will allow you to pedal faster with less effort.
Most e-bike models have at least four electric modes (gears or speeds), from OFF (or neutral) when no electric assistant is in use, to SPORT, which provides maximum assistance.
To avoid sweating on the road, consider using one less gear than you would normally use.
Selecting a lower gear will reduce the stress on the pedals, minimizing your effort. Thus, the risk of perspiration is reduced.
Note that in a lower gear, the electric bike will start faster the moment you pedal. Use this high-speed mode with caution and learn to start on less congested roads before trying it on a busy city street.
Slow down five minutes before arrival
It is good practice to slow down a few minutes before arriving at your destination. These few minutes will allow your body to begin to cool down and gradually reduce the level of effort as you get closer to getting off the electric bike.
During the trip, as with any other sports activity, your body will go through several stages of physical condition. warm-up (the first few minutes of each trip), steady state (most of the trip) and a cooling phase (the last few minutes before arrival).
If you take this into account in advance, you will be able to synchronize your actions with what your body requires of you, and you will sweat less or not sweat at all. For example, you can drive a couple of extra laps around the parking lot upon arrival to spread out the cooling phase.
If it’s a hot summer day outside, remember to end your ride and unload your bike while in the shade.
Use a rear rack or cargo basket
It’s better to let your e-bike carry your luggage than carry it on your back. If you need to bring a change of clothes, an office briefcase or a gym bag, pack it neatly on the back of your bike.
There are many easy-to-fit rear racks or front baskets. Make sure your model has this accessory.
Some of us, myself included, are big fans of backpacks. Backpacks are a great way to carry your stuff while traveling. The backpack frees your hands. Carrying a backpack is generally less tiring compared to carrying a bag.
I completely trust this logic of my travels. However, using a basket or rear rack while commuting to and from work may be your best bet.
The simple reason is that having a backpack on your shoulders, in addition to stressing your back, is more likely to leave a sweat stain on your back and possibly on your shoulders as well as on your armpits when you arrive.
In addition, any strap or strap that pulls the garment towards the upper body will wrinkle the garment, restrict the flow of air along the torso, preventing sweat from evaporating.
Thus, it will make you sweat more. If you still want to carry the backpack with you on your trip, remove it and pack it in the basket or on the rear rack.
How to avoid sweating while riding an electric bike? On the way.
How to avoid sweating while riding an electric bike? How to get to your destination well-rested and not tired? What to look out for during your trip?
How to avoid sweating while riding an electric bike? Try to drive at a constant pace, do not overspeed. Use the pedals, avoiding maximum effort in a mode where you can ride without sweating. Take flat routes and drink plenty of water while riding. Use a rear rack, not a backpack. Observe the position of the body closer to the vertical than the sporty one. Upon arrival, it is advisable to quickly restore normal body temperature.
Assuming that you are already well prepared for the ride, let’s take a look at some tips for cycling to minimize sweating. What to do and what not to do during your trip.
Bike and train, or bike and bus can be a good combination
If you feel like your trip might be taking too long, fear not. There is a good chance that you will be able to combine bike and bus, or bike and train or metro, instead of cycling the entire distance.
While an electric bike will significantly reduce your pedaling effort, it makes sense to start small and gradually increase your distances.
If you’re just starting out, 5 miles (8 km) is easy and simple to drive. Doing 10-15 miles (25 km) one way is reasonable. And for more than 20 miles (30 km), you probably need a little training.
If you expect to be using different modes of transportation, see if it makes sense to consider a folding bike, which is easier to transport on both the train and the bus.
Drink water while riding
Take a bottle of water or green tea with you on the road. The longer you ride, the more water your body will need to stay hydrated.
If your body becomes dehydrated to a certain level, it will begin to release water, burning fat. And it will have a stronger odor than the discharge of pure water in the form of sweat.
How to properly shift gears on a bike
A very common question that clients ask me is “How do I use the derailleurs on my bike?” Today we will understand this issue.
Our main task when changing gears is not to drive with a large skew of the chain. For example, like this:
The photo shows the wrong choice of gears 3. 1. When the chain is on the largest stars in front and behind, thereby forming a large angle, or vice versa, when the chain is on the smallest stars.
We must ride with a straight chain. this will increase the life of your bike chain and reduce the likelihood of it breaking.
You can remember a simple rule that will allow you to never make mistakes when changing gears on a bicycle:
When using outer chainrings, use 3 to 5 outer chainrings in the cassette (depending on the number of speeds on it). And when using the middle chainring at the front, also use the middle chainring in the cassette. And then your chain will thank you!
3 star is the biggest star on a bike
Since this star is extreme, it corresponds to the extreme stars on the ratchet / cassette. These are stars with numbers: 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5.
On the left photo the 5th speed is turned on, and on the right the 10th. This is the recommended sprocket range for a large bike sprocket.
3-speed star system
These systems are most commonly found on mountain and hybrid bikes. All 3 stars on the system (stars that are in front) correspond to a set of stars (cassette) that is in the back (on the wheel).
For this example, consider the number of rear sprockets on a 30 speed bike. With a different number of stars (6, 7, 8 and 9 speeds, the situation is similar).
2 star. the middle star on the system
This star corresponds to the middle stars on the cassette / ratchet. Usually these are stars with numbers on the shifter: 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, or all the central stars on the cassette.
On the left photo, the 4th speed is turned on, and on the right, the 8th. This is the recommended star range for the average leading star.
1 star is the smallest on the system
With the first sprocket, it is recommended to use extreme runs on the cassette / ratchet, which are usually indicated by numbers on the derailleur: 1, 2, 3, 4. In this case, the chain line will be as straight as possible.
In the left photo, the chain is at the first speed, and on the right at the 5th speed. This is an approximate gear range that can be used with a small chainring to avoid excessive bending of the chain.
2-speed star system
As for bicycles that have 2 stars on the front, like most road bikes. It’s easier here than with the triple system. We only need to divide the number of stars on our cassette / ratchet by 2 and use half the speeds at the back with a small star and the other half with a large.
1-speed bike system
When there is only one chainring on the front of the bike, there are no rules for which chainring to use, you can use them all. But keep in mind that frequent use of extreme sprockets can reduce the chain resource. But the good news is that these transmissions are unlikely to be used by cyclists often.
Most often, when there is one chainring, the rear cassette has a maximum number of stars. 9, 10, 11 or even 12 speeds.
This gear shifting method is suitable for mountain, road, hybrid and gravel bikes that have 18, 21, 24, 27, 30 and 33 speeds.
By changing the speeds on the bike according to this scheme, we significantly extend the life of our chain, and therefore the cassette with the system, and save our money.!
Checking internet speed via 2ip.ru
If you want to fully verify the speed of your Internet, you can use another 2ip site. But be aware, both sites presented may be slightly wrong, so count the average after checking the speed.
- We go to the site 2ip.ru
- On the left side of the screen, click on the “Internet connection speed” button in the “Tests” field.
- On the page that opens, check if your location and Internet provider are indicated. If all the data match, click on the blue button “Test”.
- Wait a few seconds while the program counts the internet speed.
- After verification, a page will open in which your IP, provider, site, ping and time of the event will be written. Slightly below the green numbers indicate the speed of your Internet.
As already mentioned, both services are checked in their own way and at different times. If the Speedtest had 2 MG / sec, and 2ip 1 MG / sec, then the average checking speed will be 1.5 MG.
Checking internet speed via 2ip
(Official site 2ip.ru)
How to check Internet speed on a computer with Windows XP, 7, 8, 10
Checking internet speed through Speedtest.net
The most convenient and more accurate site for checking Internet speed is speedtest.net
But before you start checking, find out the Internet speed declared by the provider, most often they indicate the speed “up”, for example, up to 100 Mb / sec. It should be said right away that this is a lie, you rarely find the Internet that can reach a speed of 100 MG / second, (although Rostelecom gives out even more than the speed declared under the contract.
Bike Gears: 8 Things You Need To Know | Cycling Weekly
In this case, the declared speed is 50Mb, and as you can see in the screenshot, the receiving speed is really higher), but our task will be to check if there is at least 2-3 Mb / s, which will be enough to play music or video more or less quickly.
- We go to the website speedtest.net
- Click on the button “Start Test” or if you have an English version of the site “Begin Test”.
- After pressing the button, the Internet speed test will start. You do not need to do anything, the program will check itself. It is advisable to disable all processes that load the Internet, as they can affect the bottom line. The verification process will take from a few seconds to a minute.
- In the end, you will see ping (Ping), (a little about Ping itself. Ping (from the English ping) refers to the response time of an Internet connection: namely, how quickly a client computer, having sent a request, receives a response from the server. Ping is measured in milliseconds (ms, ms), and of course, the smaller the Ping, the better. The ideal value is up to 40 ms, the higher is already a bad Ping, which leads to “Freeze” of network applications). Download Speed and Upload Speed. The main thing is to find out the speed of receiving, if it is 5 Mb / second, then this speed should be enough. Our task is to compare the real speed of the Internet with the declared provider. If they do not match even closely, then you need to urgently contact the provider, or change it to another.
Checking internet speed via Speedtest
(Official site speedtest.net)
Check internet speed
Many computer users are often faced with low internet speeds. If you have connected a high-speed Internet, and it repeatedly or constantly freezes, then the first reason for this may be the provider. Also, viruses, browser, and computer problems can affect the speed of the Internet.
Before deciding what to do to increase the speed of the Internet, you first need to find out its speed at the moment. In this article, we will tell you how to check the Internet speed on a computer with Windows 7, and with other operating systems, so that later you can fully express your claim to the provider.
Checking Internet speed via Yandex
- We go to the Yandex service.
- Press the button “Measure”
Checking internet speed via Yandex
(Official site yandex.ru)
Now you know how to check internet speed on your computer. If you want to always know the current Internet speed, you can download a special program to your computer. But such programs have a drawback. they slow down the computer and the Internet connection a little. Therefore, it’s up to you whether you need such a program on your computer or not.!
Chain placement on a speed bike
The position of the bicycle chain on certain gears also has some peculiarities that affect the accuracy of gear changes and the durability of the transmission parts. Some very helpful tips: never use the smallest sprocket in the front and the smallest in the back. The same applies to the large star in front and the large star behind. If you neglect these recommendations, a so-called chain skew is created in the transmission, which will negatively affect not only its durability, but also the efficiency of the cyclist. The fact is that with a strong misalignment of the chain, the links have a detrimental effect on the teeth of the front / rear sprockets, bending or licking them to one side. Also, if the ratio of the stars is incorrectly selected, the connections between the pins and the links of the chain will be loosened, accelerating its wear. As for the efficiency, it decreases through an increase in friction between the transmission elements, although not significantly.
Bicycle Gear Shifting
Most modern bicycles are equipped with high-speed transmissions and it can be very difficult for beginners to figure out how to properly change gears on their bikes. In catching up, our mentality forces us to read the instructions only after the device is broken. In this article we will look at the basic rules and recommendations for shifting gears, as well as touch on the topic of caring for the shifting system and start with the basics. the device of the gear shifting system on a bicycle.
Cycling Gears Explained // Cycling Made Simple
How to properly switch gears on a bike
No matter how many speeds your bike has, you definitely need to know how to use them correctly in order to extend the life of the transmission components and the ride does not turn into a nightmare with crackling or slipping of the chain. It is important to remember a few rules that will help make gear shifting easy, and most importantly safe.
- Study the transmission of your bike. you should know how many gears you have in total; how many stars are in front and how many are behind; where to move the shift knobs to increase or decrease the load.
- Pedaling is a prerequisite for speed shifting. It is not enough to simply push or turn the crank, it is important to make one full revolution of the front pedals so that the chain takes up the sprocket of your choice in front or behind.
- Gear changes will only occur when the pedals are not being applied, or when the pedals are under minimum load. Even the most expensive derailleur will not be able to move the chain onto an adjacent sprocket if you are not pedaling with all your might. Therefore, practice doing this among flat areas, and over time you will be able to change gears even in the most difficult conditions.
- Monitor the technical condition of your bike’s shifting system. When the components are not worn out, lubricated in time, and the switches are adjusted, then the gear change occurs in an instant.
- Remember, the main thing is to cycle as much as possible using the gearshift system. The developed muscle memory will allow you to change gears in spite of the transmission or indicators on the steering wheel with light finger movements without squeaks and other troubles.
Bicycle Speed Shifter
- single speed
With the first point, everything is simple, we have a classic composition of elements: a front rear sprocket, and a chain between them. The size of the gears (the number of teeth) will determine the ratio with which the efforts of your legs are converted to transfer them to the rear wheel. Often, manufacturers use averages to help the rider on a single speed bike feel confident on level ground, have the strength to tackle a slight incline and accelerate a little off the descent. If the ratio does not suit him, you can increase or decrease the number of teeth on one of the sprockets, thereby ensuring the optimal load.
Multi-speed transmissions feature a much wider gear range available to the rider in one or more finger motions. Having a choice of speeds makes it possible to make the ride more dynamic, faster and more interesting. But what is there, high-speed bicycles allow you to ride where it is difficult to climb on foot, as well as accelerate almost like a car (albeit for a short period of time). Bicycles with speeds are much more complex and require special training to handle.
Consider the composition of the transmission on a bicycle with speeds: chainring, front derailleur, chain, rear derailleur, rear derailleur, and most importantly, the bike‘s gear shift knobs. Also worth mentioning are tiny but very important elements like cables and shirts (wires in top-end versions) that transfer your finger movements to the gearshifts. In addition to the number of speeds, they are also distinguished by the structure of the switching system: planetary (gears of different diameters are located inside the rear hub or the bottom bracket of the bicycle), or the classic multispeed, where all the nodes are visible to the outside.
Optimal cycling gear range
Depending on the training of the cyclist or the terrain on which the bike rides, you use a specific set of ratios of front and rear sprockets, which leads to accelerated wear. If you never include at least 50% of the speeds on your bike, it is worth thinking about optimizing not only their number, but also the gear ratio. For example, your bike has 22/32/42 chainrings and a 12-32 cassette at the back. In this case, you most often include gears 22 and 32 in front, and only middle sprockets at the back. In this case, consider changing the cassette to a model with fewer teeth on the large side. For example, modification 11-28 or 11-25. In this case, instead of 3 sprockets at the back, you will use at least 5-6, because the load between adjacent gears will not be as noticeable as on the 11-32 version.
You can do the same with chainrings, but in addition to making them smaller, you can reduce the number of speeds by removing 1 or even 2 stars. In addition to optimizing the load and more rational use of transmission parts, you will slightly reduce the weight of the bike;). In the case of a lack of low gears, it is worth installing a set of rear sprockets with an increased number of teeth on the larger side or reducing the size of the chainrings.
An ordinary untrained person, not in a hurry, on a city highway can move at a speed of about 12-15 km per hour, if the Honor has both descents and ascents of the road. This value is taken as the average speed of the bike.
A slightly exercising person on a bicycle with certain conveniences (for example, toe clips, a gear derailleur, good brakes) are able to move faster. at a speed of 30 km / h.
There are not only speed records for cycling, but also world records for keeping speed. In 2005, on the famous cycle track in Krylatskoye, the representative of the Czech Republic O. Sosenka kept the achieved speed (49.7 km / h) on the bike for 60 minutes. He was unable to maintain the 50 km / h value due to the fact that his bike had only one gear and a rather high saddle. Such a record is difficult in terms of wear and tear.
On good roads, you can safely maintain a high speed of 60-70 km / h on a 9 km descent, even on heavy mountain bikes. It turns out that these values should be taken as the maximum speed for ordinary amateur cyclists.
Records. World record for cycling speed
The absolute speed record for cycling was set in 1995. Its value is 268.8 km / h. This was accomplished by Dutchman Fred Rompelberg. The record was important and valuable not only for the cyclist, since he turned 50 that year.
How it all began?
Cyclist Jose Meifret set the world speed record on a bicycle (204.73 km / h) in 1962 in Friedberg (Germany). And it all started even earlier. Since the inception of the bike, many attempts have been made to achieve maximum riding speed.
Perhaps it is worth talking about the most significant and important records in the history of the development of this sport, and of transport itself.
In 1899, Charles Murphy, after training for about 2 months, decided to set the speed record for driving on Long Island by rail. To do this, it was necessary to attach one carriage to a steam locomotive and equip it with a cap so that the cyclist could hide from the wind. At first, due to the mistake of Murphy himself, he lagged behind the train, but then he nevertheless caught up with him. Thus, in June 1899, a record for the maximum speed was set. It was 100.2 km / h.
The next bicycle speed record was only set in 1937. This happened in Los Angeles (California). Record holder Albert Marquet moved behind the car, which was also equipped with a fabric frame for the cyclist to move inside it. His record was. 139 km / h.
Within 5 years, in 1942, a new record was set (again in California). And in this case, the car in front was a racing car, and the bike was improved. At that time, the record holder Alf Letourne had the highest speed on a bicycle.
The record was recorded at around 175 km / h. But the world achievements did not end there.
Cycling speed record. Maximum speed
What is the maximum speed a person can reach while cycling? There are many records achieved in different conditions, in different situations and at different times.
Mountain bike speed record
Descents from the mountain can also be under different conditions: on an ice surface and on a dirt surface. Therefore, the records are separated.
On a winter track on a mountain bike, with excellent transport equipment (excellent bike aerodynamics, aerodynamic equipment), the speed record on a bicycle is firmly held by the athlete Eric Baron. In 2000, in the Alps (April 12), he accelerated his bike to 222 km / h.
Two years later, on the slope of the Sierra Negro, the same athlete took 3rd place, after his own previous second, literally “drove” about 400 meters down the gravel. It was a real hell for the cyclist: at the end of this terrible interval, the maximum speed of the bike reached 210.4 kilometers per hour, and his bike literally exploded.
There is no limit to human and technical capabilities. A person will always strive to conquer new heights.
Which bike is faster?
The fastest, among the serial copies, is considered the road type of bicycles, since it is maximally sharpened for fast riding. But you must remember the golden rule. not a bicycle rides, but a cyclist. The physical fitness of the rider plays a very important role, and if she is lame, you can easily be overtaken by your grandfather in the rusty “Ukraine”.
What is the average bike speed?
Your average speed can be easily calculated without special equipment or complex mathematical calculations. The simplest way is to track exactly one hour and see how much distance you can cover. The result will be your average speed. But to be precise, the average speed is the ratio of the distance traveled by the cyclist to the time spent on the trip.
The current record holder (since June 7, 2015) with the highest average speed is Bradley Wiggins from Great Britain. He traveled 54.526 km in 1 hour on a special indoor velodrome, where there is no headwind, and the surface has the same topography and quality.
As for ordinary cyclists, they are able to maintain an average speed at the level of:
- 30-35 km / h on a road bike;
- 18-20 km / h average speed of a bicycle in the city;
- 10-15 km / h average speed of a mountain bike.
Bike speed. average and maximum
Bicycle speed is probably the most important parameter that interests anyone who embarks on a bike trail. Often buyers use this indicator even when choosing a bike. But it is very difficult to give a clear explanation of what the speed of a particular bicycle is. there are too many factors influencing this definition.
Even if you ask a seasoned cyclist or professional athlete, you are more likely to get an answer consisting of vague personal data. After all, this parameter depends on many conditions. The type of bike (its weight, level of equipment), coverage, wind speed and direction, weight, height and physical fitness of the rider are important. And most importantly, what speed of the bike are you interested in? Average, maximum, or maybe current? Let’s take it all apart.
Cycling speed record
A person, such a creature, reaching a certain record, he always wants to improve it. Cycling speed records are no exception. They are trying to beat them in absolutely various ways. from the use of non-standard technical solutions to the bicycle itself, to the use of doping by cyclists.
Let’s highlight the most outstanding speed records that cyclists have achieved:
- maximum speed on a flat plane in an aerodynamic capsule. 133.28 km / h;
- 222 km / h when cycling from the mountain;
- the maximum speed in the air of a special vehicle is 268 km / h;
- 333 km / h on a jet bike;
How is bike speed measured??
In the beginning, analogue devices were used, which are driven by the movement of a bicycle and have the principle of operation of an automobile speedometer. But with the evolution of digital technology, special electronic devices (bicycle computers) have appeared. And with the development of modern smartphones, it became possible to measure the speed of a bicycle using tracker applications. Which one is better?
A bike computer is the most accurate method for determining speed. The bike computer calculates the speed of your bike using the circumference of the wheel and the number of wheel rotations in a certain period of time. the error is minimal. The disadvantage of this device is the lack of sufficient memory to store your results. The bike computer is a compact bike speed diagnostic tool that does not require charging, takes up little space and weighs very little.
Smartphone and GPS tracker application. allows you to measure not only speed indicators, but also the values of the height difference. An important function is the ability to record the route, on it the speed differences in different sections will be marked. You can also rate your route and share it with your friends. Minus. slightly blurry output data as signal is lost.
What is the current bike speed?
Everything is simple here. this is an indicator of the speed of movement of the bike at the time of riding it. All.
How to raise your maximum or average speeds?
It is unlikely that you want to break the speed record on a bicycle, set by some Olympic champion, but you can improve your personal achievements by applying a few useful tips:
- Use the smoothest and thinnest tires possible, they have less rolling resistance;
- Increase the air pressure in the chambers to the maximum mark (you can find it on the side of the tires);
- The quality of your equipment plays a big role. If you want to achieve outstanding results, you need a quality bike. First of all. light and roll the wheels;
- Get rid of or minimize suspension shock absorption, because it eats up the lion’s share of your strength;
- Reduce drag. get as low and comfortable as possible;
- Wear special cycling clothing, it does not hinder movement, it removes moisture and temperature well from your body, as a result, making you more productive;
- Exercise constantly. It is regular cycling that will increase your speed performance, gradually climbing higher and higher;
By the city
In most cities of our country, the cycling infrastructure is very bad (painted with paint directly on the sidewalk “bike paths” do not count), in connection with which cyclists have to move along highways in the general flow of cars. This significantly reduces the average speed of a cyclist, which is due to the presence of a large number of constraining factors. traffic lights, pedestrian crossings, intersections, curbs and vehicles. Taking into account these points, the average speed of driving in the city varies from 10 to 17 km / h, depending on the traffic situation.
In addition to the reasons discussed, the speed of the bike is influenced by several more important factors, the knowledge of which will help to achieve the fastest possible ride.
The influence of the frame on the speed of the bike is determined in large part by its weight. The lighter the construction, the higher speed qualities the bike shows. The lightest materials used to make bicycle frames are titanium and aluminum. Therefore, if you want to drive at high speeds, this factor must be taken into account.
You also need to pay attention to the number of attachments and their weight. If the goal is to maximize the speed of the bike, then accessories such as the footrest and fenders are best removed.
The overall hardness of the bike also affects acceleration, and the softness of a single or double suspension bike can be difficult to accelerate and a general drop in average speed.
Cadence is the number of pedaling revolutions per minute. Ideally, it should be between 60 and 90 revolutions. This riding technique allows you to quickly accelerate the bike and maintain a high speed throughout the entire path. A common mistake for beginners is jerking, in which pedaling alternates with coasting. As a result, the speed of the bike is noticeably reduced and the cyclist has to overcome the cadence threshold again and again in order to accelerate the bike.
Relationship between cyclist training and speed
One of the determining factors that have the most direct impact on vehicle speed is the biker’s fitness level and endurance limit. So, when overcoming average distances not exceeding 10 km, an amateur cyclist of an average level of training is able to reach speeds of up to 18 km / h. Children from 12 to 14 years old can move at about the same speed. However, it is very difficult to maintain this mode throughout the entire route.
A poorly prepared person is able to drive at the same speed only in the complete absence of cross and head wind and in conditions of an absolutely flat road.
Well-trained cyclists who have been cycling for more than one year are able to accelerate to 22-25 km / h and maintain this speed throughout the entire distance. As for the most experienced bikers, behind whom there are more than one thousand kilometers left, they can reach speeds of up to 30 km / h. over, moving in this mode, these people are able to cover distances of up to 100 km without stopping. However, only experienced cyclists can travel such distances, and the average cyclist who rides several times a week is limited to shorter distances and is unable to travel such a distance at high speed.
Professional athletes are capable of developing much higher speeds, striking the imagination of the layman and delighting the fans. So, in 1984, a speed record of 51.151 km / h was set on a track in Mexico City, Mexico. Its author was an athlete from Italy F. Moser, who later confessed to the use of doping drugs that were not prohibited at the time the record was set.
The maximum result of movement in a straight line is the speed of 41.654 km / h, developed by the American cyclist L. Armstrong in 2005 at the Tour de France international cycling race. The record was set on a road bike, and on descents the speed exceeded 90 km / h.
By the way, the Frenchman E. Baron set the record when descending the mountain on a mountain bike, his speed was 222 km / h. The place of its establishment was a run-in ice track located in a ski resort in the French Alps.
The athlete was dressed in a special aerodynamic spacesuit and rode a reinforced bike. When descending on a gravel surface, which was the slope of the Nicaraguan Sierra Negro volcano, the same athlete set another speed record, but for dry descents, which was 210.4 km / h.
Unfortunately, this “trick” was not done without injuries: literally 400 meters after the start, the bicycle frame was literally torn in half due to extreme loads, while the athlete himself escaped with a fracture of the hip, dislocation of the neck and numerous bruises. The Baron was saved by a protective suit and helmet, which took the most dangerous blows.
Of the unusual records that have nothing to do with traditional cycling, it should be noted the achievement of the 26-year-old Dutchman S. Bowyer, who overcame the 200-meter segment of the distance at a speed of 133.78 km / h. The experiment was carried out with the participation of students from the University of Delft and Amsterdam, who designed and installed a lightweight aerodynamic fairing made of carbon fibers on the bike.
The design of the bicycle was also unusual: the pedals were located in front, and the athlete himself practically lay on his back during movement. The record was set in 2013 and has not been broken to date.
However, the most unusual speed record is considered to be a record set in artificial conditions, namely in an air bag. The experiment was carried out on the site of a dried-up salt lake in American Utah in 1995, and the Dutch cyclist F. Rompelberg was its participant. A racing car was launched in front of the athlete, which took on the resistance of oncoming streams.
At the same time, the cyclist was in a so-called air bag, which helped him to accelerate the bike to 268.83 km / h. The record is also valid and has not yet been broken.
Crosswinds and headwinds have a big impact on the speed of the bike. So, with a strong wind in the face, it is unlikely that it will be possible to accelerate more than 15 km / h, but with a passing one, you can easily overcome up to 30 km in an hour. Of course, we are talking about a flat paved road, since when driving on rough terrain, the speed will be at least 5 km / h less than the road speed. Bicycles with blades instead of spokes are particularly affected by crosswinds.
Friction of parts
Very often, it is not possible to achieve a high speed of movement due to excessive friction in the transmission units. It occurs due to heavy dirt on the chain and bearings and does not allow the bike to move as quickly as possible. To remove dirt, you need to use special detergents and do not forget about the lubrication of the cleaned units. By the way, according to experts, with a lack of lubrication, the bike can lose up to 15% of its speed.
It is also necessary to monitor the condition of the bushings and carriage and, if signs of the slightest wear appear, immediately change them to new ones.
In addition to the “eights”, the diameter of the wheels also has a certain effect on the speed of the bicycle. So, bikes with large wheels have much better roll, much less rolling resistance.
In addition, on large wheels it is easier to overcome various obstacles, which ultimately also affects the final speed of the bike. The fastest is the wheel size 26 “-29”.
On a dirt road
Unpaved roads mean rough terrain, which can be characterized by the presence of ravines, off-road, steep descents and long ascents, therefore, it is impossible to give an unambiguous assessment of the bike’s speed in such conditions. The speed mode can change every 100 meters and cannot be predicted, therefore, in this case, only averaged data can be given.
So, when driving on a relatively flat dumped dirt road, the speed of a mountain bike can reach 15 km / h, for a road bike it will be at least 5 km / h lower. When storming mountain passes, both mountain and road bicycles are capable of covering from 14 to 20 km in an hour.