1, 2, 3. bicycle frame. Bicycle frames are made of special steel alloys, aluminum, titanium, and carbon.
4, 5. knitting needles. One of the most fragile parts of a bicycle. Typically, the knitting needles are crosswise or radially.
the stem determines the position in which the cyclist will sit. A higher or lower stem is a walking or racing fit, respectively. The stem can be adjusted.
road steering wheel. Handlebars are also curved and straight.
verb or seatpost. The height of the verb, like the stem of the rudder, affects the riding position of the biker. There are aluminum, carbon fiber, steel, shock-absorbing.
saddle. Choosing the right saddle for road bikes and street bikes is most important. The shape of the saddle is narrow, wide, the relief, its springiness, directly affect the comfort of the cyclist on the road.
rear derailleur. Throws the chain onto different cassette stars. Requires constant supervision and respect.
There are 3 types of brakes:
- brake drum brakes
- V-brake system, clamping the wheel rim when braking
- disc brakes, which brake by compressing a disc mounted on a wheel hub
wheel hub. One of the most important parts of a bicycle. The hub mechanism rotates the wheel and holds the spokes. In fact, the hub assumes the entire weight of the bike and cyclist while riding. The selection of the hub is carried out depending on the type of brakes, the number of spokes and the type of load on the bike.
the shifters are responsible for controlling your bike and include the shifter and brake levers
trunk. Not the most popular part of the bike among modern cyclists. Certainly useful for touring and walking bicycles, as things that are carried by the cyclist are often attached to the trunk. The trunk, if desired, can be detached or, on the contrary, put on the bike.
the carriage, the intermediate shaft through which the chain drive passes, which drives the wheel of the bicycle into rotation
the chain is considered the most complex mechanism on a bicycle. The chain is very vulnerable and requires constant maintenance, cleaning and lubrication. The chain must be monitored and replaced if worn.
18, 19. rim brakes and rims. The strength of the wheel rim affects the overall strength and durability of the wheel, the diameter of the rim is different for different types of bike and directly affects the speed of the bike
There are two main types of pedals 1) Toe Clips. This is a common pedaling platform found on most bicycles. 2) Contact pedals. pedals that require special shoes that are attached in a special way to the pedal. At the same time, the speed and technique of the cyclist are significantly increased due to the easier transfer of leg force to the pedal.
cassette, consists of a set of sprockets onto which the bicycle chain is thrown.
22, 23. bicycle tire. The type of tire affects the bike‘s stability on a given surface and speed. Special types of tires are used for each type of bike from mountain to road. The width of the tires is important, the density of the rubber from which they are made and the tread relief (slick, semi-slick, spike). On road bikes, very narrow tires are used, which increase speed, but reduce the stability of the bike when riding.
nipple. It is used to keep air in the bicycle chamber. There are low and high (bicycle) nipples.
Bicycle parts and equipment
Pedals, the most common type of pedals is walking. They are designed for relaxed cycling.
Helmets. Needless to say, a bicycle helmet is important. an element of cyclist protection. When choosing a helmet, you need to remember that it should fit snugly to the entire surface of the head, should be comfortable for you, and also do not forget about ventilation holes.
Bicycle pumps, can be plastic and aluminum, one-way and two-way. You will also find an electronic bicycle pump in sales.
By the type of shock absorbers, the following types of suspension forks are distinguished:
Tires. There are a huge number of varieties of tires, distinguishing criteria, which, for example, are both their size and tread pattern.
Saddles. Saddles can be either female or male.
Locks as a means of protecting the bike from theft.
Cassette. Depending on the level and retaining lid, the cassette consists of 7, 8, 9, and also 10 stars.
2018 RadRover Full Fender Installation | Rad Tech
Monoblocks (shifters). are one of the foundations of the gearshift system.
Rims play a key role in the correct operation, practicality and durability of the bike, because both the durability of the wheel and the speed of the bike itself depend on their strength.
Switches. Types of gearshift mechanisms: internal, external and combined.
Frame. In addition to the fact that the frames are distinguished by production materials, they can also be foldable, making them for children’s and city bicycles.
Ratchet, is a free wheeling mechanism of the driving (rear) wheel.
Brakes, bicycles have hand and foot brakes. In turn, hand brakes are subdivided into rim, disc, roller.
Rudder stem. a part that connects the horizontal tube of the rudder with the vertical steering pin.
Seatpost. A device that is a tube inserted into the seat tube of the frame. Accordingly, a saddle is fixed on such a device.
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Mountain bike owners try to avoid fenders, but unwillingness to ride in dirty clothes takes over. Therefore, from time to time, the question of how to install fenders on a mountain bike is gaining relevance. The fenders can be placed on both wheels. If wide models, in your opinion, will spoil the appearance of your mountain bike, then you can install a shield, which must be fixed under the lower tube of the frame in the area of the front wheel. For the rear wheels, such flaps are not produced.
Quick release short wings
Made of plastic, they are attached to the frame with a special clip. The distance between the wing and the tire is 10. 20 cm. Because of this, the level of protection is much worse and the dirt flies in all directions. The quick-release short fenders are insensitive to clogging with mud between the fender and the tire, and are quickly removed when transporting the bike. But, with them, the cyclist will be covered in mud. If the height is too high, such wings become a meaningless accessory that does not fulfill its main function. The plastic mount on my fender came off pretty quickly. Also not a hot option
In most cases, the installation of protective elements is carried out according to the general scheme, which looks as follows:
- We unfold the package with upgrade elements and a set of necessary fasteners.
- We fix the rods on the protective elements.
- We collect them.
- When working with the front element, unscrew the white reflector and fix the first fixture under its bolt. Two clamps will have to be fitted onto separate bolts with large washers.
- When working with the rear wing, it is necessary to bend the plate and secure it in four places. The fastening of the two clamps is carried out in the same way as described in the previous paragraph. For the third mount, you need a six-bolt. It must be strung on a tube and plate. The last fixture is at the bottom of the pipe on which the saddle is attached.
- Fenders installed may require adjustment. Its meaning is to adjust the clamps and mountings in such a way that there is no friction between the wing and the wheel.
- Now you can tighten the bolts to the maximum level.
Sports fenders are usually made of plastic and have a maximum of two attachment points. Mounting the mudguards on a bike can be done at home and even in the field. The types of rear bog attachment can be as follows:
Does your bike need this kind of protection??
Fenders are installed not only to protect clothing from dirt, but also to protect components from excessive clogging.
Mudguard MTB Review | HOW-To Video & Installation
Many mechanics and advanced riders oppose the installation of mudguards on sports bikes. Despite the fact that they will to some extent protect the rider from dirt on the back, this is still an extra knot, which means extra weight and additional problems with maintenance. Therefore, the decision to install the mudguards for the bike will be up to you.
Types of wings and their effectiveness
Decide on the size
Bicycle mudguards are selected depending on:
- wheel size;
- tire width;
- frame type.
Most of the fenders are universal, that is, they can be simultaneously installed on wheels 24/26 / 27.5 / 28/29. Retractable wings are also found in nature, but as practice shows, this design is not very successful. The wider the wheels, the wider the bog, and the wider the bog, the better the protection. The standard width is about 60 mm. Fatbikes are usually not protected.
There are also several options for attaching fenders to a bicycle. Rear:
- Seatpost / tube.
- On a dedicated lintel on the frame and bow. Suitable only for frames that support this feature.
- Using the eccentric seat clamp.
- On the stem with a spacer nut.
- On a gorilla or a crown of a fork and an arc. For rigid forks only.
- Fork legs with straps.
Bicycle mounts on the wall: types, tips for choosing and installing
Today, the bicycle has gone beyond the scope of an alternative means of transportation and has become a full-fledged vehicle on which you can travel long distances. Together with the question of using a bicycle, the question arises of storing it with minimal damage to free space and comfort. In this article, you will get acquainted with information about wall mounts for a vehicle, with their varieties, installation features and tips for their installation.
This method of securing a bicycle is considered the most common, but not the most practical. In this case, the bike must be suspended with the wheels downward and the frame components are installed parallel to the wall surface. From the point of view of comfort, this option is advantageous. the bike does not take up much space and becomes a full-fledged part of the interior. In addition, it is very easy to remove a bicycle from a parallel state. This option is also suitable for attaching several bike units at once.
Many bike owners do not pay any attention to such a factor as the height of the mount, which is a serious oversight. A bike that is too low is likely to constantly interfere with household members with its steering wheel, pedals or wheels (especially in tight spaces). If the bike is secured too high, there is a chance that if it falls, it will severely damage the flooring, furniture, or even harm your health.
For example, placing a bicycle handlebar, pedals, or chain at eye and head level can cause serious injury to both yourself and your family. Especially often, such situations occur at night, when a person is poorly oriented in space and may stumble upon everyday things. Try to adjust the height so that the piercing elements of your two-wheeled friend are above or below eye level.
Mount the unit at a height where it will be more convenient for you to remove it, and where it will not interfere with nearby furniture.
The weight of your two-wheeled friend affects both the type of mount and the ability to mount it on a wall of a particular material.
The weight of a bike primarily depends on the material used for the frame components. Today, 4 materials are most actively used.
- Low carbon steel. Not so long ago, it was the most common material in the manufacture of mountain and road bicycles. The very first bicycles were made precisely from steel frames. all thanks to the strength and reliability of this alloy. The disadvantage of this material is its large weight, as well as the susceptibility of steel to corrosive processes.
- Chrome-molybdenum steel. This material began to be actively used 20-30 years after the release of the first bicycles. It was much lighter than mild steel, but much more expensive. Today it is mainly used to make professional road bikes.
- Aluminum. Today the most popular material for making modern bicycles. It differs in a not particularly high cost (depending on the brand), low weight and good reliability.
- Carbon. Carbon frames are considered premium in the cycling market today. They are distinguished by simply fantastic strength and relatively low weight. Unfortunately, carbon fiber models are very expensive and cannot be refurbished at the slightest damage.
If we correlate the material for making a bicycle with the material of the walls, then it becomes clear that steel options are more suitable for stone and wooden walls, but it is better not to attach anything heavier than carbon or aluminum to drywall walls.
The approximate weight of a bike can also be determined by its type. For example, road or road bikes typically weigh between 6.8 and 8 kg, mountain bikes typically weigh between 9 and 14 kg, and city bikes rarely weigh 10 kg.
Today, there are several types of bicycle racks, depending on the option chosen (vertical, perpendicular or under the ceiling), materials of manufacture and placement conditions. As a rule, bicycle racks are installed in apartments with a lack of free space or in houses where there are no special parking lots or storage rooms.
Hooks are considered the most common bike rack options. They allow you to save as much space as possible in the room. This type of fastening is the cheapest, and its installation will take only a few minutes. Standard mechanical hooks can carry up to 25 kg, which is about 2 times the weight of a conventional steel mountain bike. Bracket type hooks, depending on the material of manufacture, can withstand up to 40 kg of weight.
To install the hooks, the bike owner will need the device itself, dowels, as well as elongated self-tapping screws on which it should be attached. As a rule, they should come with the purchased hooks.
There are several types of hooks depending on the type of attachment. In the case of vertical suspension, this can be a device for ceiling installation or hooks for vertical suspension. For horizontal attachment. single wall hooks, double hooks on the frame, and wall brackets with rubberized bike holders.
If we consider the materials for making bicycle hooks, then there are plastic and metal hooks.
It is worth stopping your choice on metal hooks. they are more reliable, stronger and last longer.
Many cyclists prefer to place their bike on the balcony. In their opinion, there it takes up as little space as possible and does not get in the way under the hands. The problem here is that the bike, if stored for a long time in a room with high humidity and cold, can simply break. Here we are talking about both the damage of the rubber itself, which can simply crack from frost (in non-inflated wheels), and the corrosion of metal components.
Winter sun rays can also pose a danger, which can spoil your rubber. for this it is advised to buy special protective covers.
Installation of a bicycle unit on a balcony is possible only if it is glazed, well insulated and not subject to drafts.
It is not uncommon for cyclists to encounter errors when attaching their two-wheeled friend to the wall. The most typical of them will be discussed below.