Without brakes: how to ride a bike on dirt roads
Departure from the Ukrainian asphalt to the ground will not shock you. But just in case, learn how to cycle on dirt roads to be ready for anything.
Keep the pace
Switch to a faster gear and keep pace. High speed will prevent you from sliding on wet and too muddy sections of the track. But before entering the turns of the brake. Do it smoothly and softly.
Take all the things you need
Ira Ryan, a seasoned cyclist and partner at Breadwinner Cycles in Portland, Oregon, states:
The necessary things are:
- Spare cameras. 2 pcs;
- A set of patches (patches)
- Multifunctional chain pulling tool (details here)
- Spare links for the chain;
- Several hundred hryvnias in cash.
The latter is needed in case the bike breakdown is so serious that it cannot be repaired in the field. The amount of money should be enough for the trucker to be able to get you to your village.
Squeeze the steering wheel hard. you will be shaken hard. Bend your arms and knees slightly. in this state, they reduce the body’s susceptibility to vibration, which it may experience while riding on the ground. And in general, when riding a bike, try to sit correctly.
The more aggressive the ride, the lower the saddle should be Position the handlebars
Sit in the saddle in heavily rain-washed areas
The seat guarantees the load on the rear wheel. In the latter, grip with the surface is always higher than that of the front. This will also protect you from slipping and falling; you will always have time to substitute your foot in the event of a slip or blockage of the bike.
Take your feet off the pedals when driving in a puddle. risks falling face down in the mud
Bicycle and accessories
Ride the ground on a designated bike. Usually these are mountainous. They are equipped with a shock absorber in front of it (sometimes also a rear one), they have a long wheelbase and a low-positioned bottom bracket (this improves handling).
To increase ride comfort, put wider tires on the wheels, under pressure in them. this will absorb vibrations.
Look around sometimes
Jim Cummins, founder of the Dirty Kanza 200 gravel road race, advises:
Also enter the turns carefully, smoothly turning the steering wheel. Also rotate your hips slightly and lean in the desired direction. This will prevent slipping when cornering.
8. Tire pressure
Underneath the tire pressure. this will absorb vibration when driving on uneven surfaces. If you are afraid of a puncture (it is more likely at low pressure), then do the opposite. inflate the tires to the stated maximum: prickly objects will spring and bounce off the rubber. The limit for most bicycle tires is 90-100 psi.
Low tire pressure Reduces vibration but increases the chance of puncture
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The most important and obvious thing is that before getting on a bike in the city, you must read the traffic rules for cyclists. In 2020, a new edition was released with some clarifications. The full text can be read, for example, here.
The bicycle moves along the road. this is the main rule, which is violated most often. The sidewalk is for pedestrians, the lawn is not for bicycles.
If there are bike paths, follow them. But their presence is more of a myth and a dream, even the network of bike paths does NOT cover the entire city and is NOT interconnected everywhere.
Clause 24.2 of the SDA determines the place of the bike in the traffic flow. it is useful to remember these numbers and their trump card in case of aggression from motorists.
But rules and common sense DO NOT equate a bicycle with a car. In an ideal world, you can count on some condescension from other road users. But in reality, such a position of the bicycle in the world of roads requires the utmost concentration and vigilant attention from the cyclist.
“Always, always look left and right, even if you are driving into a green light! Because there are pedestrians and strange drivers, and there can always be an unexpected obstacle. The main principles are concentration and attention, “says Andrey Shmygun, master of sports in cycling, cyclist with 20 years of experience, organizer of the Grand Tour Masters.
Do’s and don’ts for a cyclist in the city
It remains to deal with the points causing ambiguous interpretation and controversy.
- With children, if a child rides his bike or sits with you in a bicycle seat, you can and even need to ride on the sidewalk. This is spelled out in the same paragraph 24.2.
- You cannot ride on the sidewalk, but if you happen to be there, you will have to dismount and walk in the same stream with people, Biking next to you.
- You need to cross the zebra on foot only if the bike was moving along the sidewalk. then the carriageway intersects on a common basis with pedestrians. If the bike, as it should be, rode along the roadway, then you do not need to dismount when crossing the zebra.
- Turning left on the bike is prohibited. This is true, because such a maneuver is quite dangerous. So they can legally return to the left only along the zebra crossing. dismounting and crossing the roadway along it.
- According to the rules of the edition of the traffic rules for cyclists, as early as 2015, it is allowed to ride on dedicated lanes for public transport. This is relevant, for example, for Moscow, where such stripes have recently appeared. But we must remember that on weekends the priority of public transport ends. ordinary cars can also go there.
If an accident occurs
If we are talking about breakdowns, then you can try to fix it yourself. for this it is useful to carry with you two special bicycle spoons and a spare camera, plus a set of hex keys.
If the bike collides with a car, you need to do everything the same thing that cars do: call the traffic police or traffic police.
Cycling in the city
It’s a little more complicated here.
- In the city, you cannot develop speeds above the permitted 25 km / h.
- The workout can be disrupted by Forced stops at traffic lights and zebras.
- Driving on highways, ring roads, such as the Moscow Ring Road, is excluded.
- If training is not fast driving, then training, that is, in fact, just driving, in the city you can follow the rules described above.
But a long workout and especially a tempo workout in a city is impossible. It will be difficult to work out the strength elements there, such as lifts and intervals. Therefore, there remains one option. to go out of town.
It’s best to just ride in the city, and train outside the city.
“I do NOT advise anyone to train in the city, because there are a lot of obstacles, traffic lights and intersections, inadequate pedestrians. You have to get into the car, bike in the trunk, and drive out of town as far as possible so that nothing interferes with your workout. This is the best solution, ”advises Andrey Shmygun.
For cycling training, as well as for normal riding, it is best to:
- Wear bright outfit of acid colors.
- Wear a helmet, be sure! At training speeds of 30-50 km / h, it is necessary.
- Wear sunglasses. not for toughness, but for protection from dust, wind, midges.
- Take with you a repair kit with a spare camera.
- Take water with you.
- Have a detachable wing that can be worn in case of rain.
“You also have to remember to drink and eat in training and not take on too much. overwork leads to a decrease in attention, and this very often provokes accidents, rather ridiculous, but dangerous,” warns the participant of the world championships at the Olympic distance and the “half” Ironman, co-owner, head, coach of the sports club and RedLava Team Inna Tsyganok.
Clothing, equipment and special signs on a bicycle
There are both mandatory and unwritten requirements for what should be on a cyclist and a bicycle.
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- Clothing. Always bright, acidic, “poisonous” colors: orange, light green, red. Cycling shorts are not necessarily color-matched. but the outerwear should be visible.
Helmet. According to the rules, adult cyclists do not need to wear a helmet. So whether or not to wear it for driving in the city is everyone’s personal choice. But for security reasons, it still wears better.
Reflectors. The thing is also NOT necessary, but necessary in the dark, in bad weather, in fog.
How to ride a bike in the city: rules and life hacks
The bicycle has long been a full participant in the road traffic in the city. They ride bicycles to work, on vacation, do workouts and just ride for pleasure.
In this article, together with experienced cyclists, we will tell you how to safely ride a bike in the city and how to exercise properly.
How to give signs to motorists correctly
Cyclists must warn in their maneuvers, and this can only be done by hand. turn signals in bicycles comments.
- If you are going to turn to the right, extend your right straight or bent arm at the elbow to the side to the right.
- If you are going to turn to the left, extend your left straight arm or your arm bent at the elbow to the left.
- If you stop, raise your hand up.
The signal is given to the maneuver and stops immediately in front of it. you need to turn, firmly holding the steering wheel with both hands.
Cycling behavior in a group
When training takes place in a group, the cyclist needs attention and concentration, as well as strict adherence to the coach’s words.
“It is important to strictly follow the instructions of the coach when riding in a group. And in the group, the first one always thinks about those who are behind, and not so that they drove up to a traffic light, sees there flashing yellow and thinks. I will pass. The others behind will NOT be in time “. reminds Inna Tsyganok.
There are several additional signals and rules for driving in a group:
- If the first person sees a hatch or a hole on the road, he must give a hand signal to Avoid the obstacle.
- Before any new obstacle on the road. a traffic jam, a car. a signal “Attention!” given by hand upwards. It is needed to warn about braking.
- Sharp wagging should not be allowed.
- Brakes, especially at high speed, with only two hands, use both the rear and front brakes.
- In the event of a breakdown, first give a signal to the group, and then brakes.
How to ride a bike on the road and stay healthy
Cycling, with the exception of Certain Specialty Cycling Sports, involves driving on roads and streets. Actually, the bike was created for this.
We live in Kirovo-Chepetsk, so cyclists will NOT wait for bike paths, in the foreseeable future.
Cycling on sidewalks is prohibited by the Traffic Regulations (which many motorists and cyclists have never heard of) and is extremely inconvenient. Pedestrians, curbs, broken glass.
On roads and streets. from year to year increasing traffic intensity.
Where can the poor cyclist go??
Actually, there are only two options.
The first is to ride specialized mountain bikes on empty country roads and paths when it is NOT too wet or swept by snow. But these places will have to be reached by public roads.
The second is to ride any bike on any road, taking care of your own safety.
The road is a place of increased danger. How not to become a victim or the culprit of an accident?
Passive safety first.
Of course, the bike is completely intact. The chain and sprockets are NOT worn out, the brakes are in order, the bushings rotate without constriction and play. Brake and derailleur cables are NOT loose, cable jackets are clean inside. The handlebars (grips) do NOT turn. All bolts and nuts are tight. Tires meet the road surface and are properly inflated.
A bright red lantern is fixed on the back of a bicycle or on clothes or a backpack, in front there is a bright headlight with white light, and orange reflectors are on the spokes. With the slightest deterioration in visibility, including lights, DO NOT hesitate.
You have a comfortable fit. It makes no sense to ride a road bike in the lower grip around the city. visibility decreases, and aerodynamics in the city is clearly not in the foreground.
You are dressed in specialized cycling clothes of bright colors. both comfortable and on the road you can be seen a mile away. Recommended colors are lemon, yellow, orange, red, etc. And in the dark, reflective stripes shine on your clothes. front, side, back.
On the head. a bicycle helmet. On the face. Sports glasses. A midge or grain of sand in the eye on the road is dangerous.
In addition to your visibility, bright cycling clothes and bicycle helmets tell motorists that you are on the road for a long time. Just changing clothes from regular to cycling increases the lateral spacing from cars overtaking on the left by half a meter. And that’s what you need.
And now. About active safety.
Needless to say, since you go out on the road, then you have studied the Rules of the road.
You know that, according to the Rules, in addition to the general duties established for vehicle drivers, a cyclist must also fulfill the following:
[Quote = SDA]
24.2. Bicycles Must only move in the rightmost lane in one row as far to the right as possible. Driving on the side of the road is allowed if it does NOT interfere with pedestrians.
24.3. Bicycle and moped drivers are prohibited:
drive, and not hold the steering wheel with at least one hand;
move along the road if there is a cycle path nearby;
turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tramway traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in a given direction. [/ quote]
But, the Rules. Rules, and there are unwritten laws. One of them is DDD. Give way to the fool. Anyone you are a hundred times right, but if you find yourself in a hospital bed with your rightness, it will NOT be easier for you.
Try to see the situation on the road and anticipate its development.
Still a significant part of the drivers believe that because they drive the car, and you. On a bicycle (fool, poor people), insofar as they have an advantage over you, regardless of what is indicated in the traffic rules. Some people still remember the paragraph in the old edition of the Rules, which instructed cyclists to move NOT further than 1m from the right shoulder.
Still others believe that since they are traveling on business, and your childhood is playing on a bicycle, then you have no place on the roads.
These people with low culture, and not possessing knowledge of traffic rules or openly violating them, can be recognized by impatient signals behind your back or by rude behavior on the road.
For all of us. For cyclists, motorists, motorcyclists, and tractor drivers. You have to understand: on the road we are all equal, as in a bath. Regardless of what. on what, why, and at what speed we are moving. We are all road users.
Another task for you is to be predictable on the road for other road users. What does it mean? This means. no jerking left and right, sudden braking, rebuilding, jumping onto curbs and jumping off with him. We see a hole on the road. we designate the direction of the turn with our hand and smoothly, in advance, shift to the side for its Detour, then we smoothly return back.
Most often, pits, cracks, heaps of sand and debris stretch along the asphalt along the side of the road. If you drive, and not hugging the side of the road, but having moved closer to the middle of the right lane in advance, then there will be much less reason for swinging when Avoiding obstacles.
This will be called. possibly to the right. In winter, this possibly right-hand track will be the track from the right wheel of cars. Pits, sand, snow along the roadside do not give you the opportunity to move further to the right.
What will a reasonable, traffic-enforcing car driver do in a situation when he drives up to you from behind, and you have nowhere to go to your right? What will be the signals to drive you off the road? Or will he try to squeeze into a narrow gap between you and the oncoming car, thereby creating a dangerous or even emergency situation for your life? Not at all. He will wait for oncoming cars to pass, when the solid white dividing strip ends, and then calmly overtake you. Your task is in this extremely common situation. Drive in a straight line and stay calm. At the same time, looking back. not all drivers are reasonable.
A few more common emergencies.
1. The car overtakes the cyclist on the left and immediately turns to the right, into the passage, or into the intersected street, substituting its right side. There are two outcomes. Either a collision, or you brakes from the heart and flies over the front wheel. And here how lucky you are. in the car, under the car, or undershoot. Clearly, the culprit is the driver. How to avoid it? There is only one way out. do not drive around the city at your usual speed.
2. The cyclist moves as far to the right as possible in the right lane. Parked cars on the roadside. When the cyclist is level with the car, the driver or rear passenger opens the door and meets the cyclist in the cabin. It is clear who is to blame. But what to do? I saw a car standing on the side of the road. show with your hand the turn signal to the left and rebuild, so that the interval from the bike to the car was one and a half meters. B take your time, again.
3. A frequent situation on the Chepetsk. Kirov highway. The cyclist is driving in the right lane. There is no one behind. Cars are moving towards them in their lane. Suddenly one of them drives into the oncoming lane for itself, in your opinion, and tries to overtake the cars in front. You are bright and noticeable, like a clown in the arena, but your presence on the road is ignored by the driver of the overtaking car. Frontal attack. Ram. You can feel like Gastello kamikaze resistance. Or a tank demolition dog. But without being awarded the title of Hero.
You can only be saved by jumping to the side of the road. What else can you counter suicidal behavior??
To the topic. After pulling over to the side of the road, try NOT to fall, stand in sand or mud, you need to stop smoothly. DO NOT try to drive back into the carriageway immediately. During this time, there may appear behind the car. In addition, the carriageway is often higher than the shoulder. without jumping, you will fall on your left side.
Many points are left out of scope, but in order for you to be in order on the bike, in one word it is better than Kozma Prutkov NOT to say: “Be careful!”.
Traffic rules (SDA) for cyclists, or how to ride a bike on the roads according to the rules
More and more cyclists appear on our roads and off-road, since the weather in summer is favorable for this. The bicycle is becoming a popular means of transport, both for movement and for maintaining optimal physical shape.
Cycling does NOT require a driver’s license as most other vehicles do. Therefore, often, most cyclists, despite the fact that they are drivers of two-wheeled vehicles, have very little understanding of traffic rules and ride on the roads unprepared.
But cycling for adults, with the exception of some types of cycling, involves movement on roads and streets.
Consider traffic rules for cyclists.
A little dry information from traffic rules in terms of.
“A bike”. A vehicle, other than a wheelchair, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, as a rule, by the muscular energy of the persons in this vehicle.
“Driver”. Person driving any vehicle.
A “cyclist” is a person who drives a bicycle.
“A pedestrian”. A person who is outside the vehicle on the road or on a pedestrian or bicycle path and does NOT work on them. Persons driving a bicycle are equated with pedestrians.
“Bike Lane”. An element of the road (or a separate road), structurally separated from the carriageway and sidewalk, intended for the movement of cyclists and marked with sign 4.4.1.
Cyclist Lane. Lane of the carriageway intended for traffic on bicycles and mopeds, Separated from the rest of the carriageway by horizontal markings and marked with sign 5.14.2.
Answers to basic questions, Based on the definitions presented in the traffic rules.
Question: Is a bicycle a vehicle?
Yes, a bicycle is a vehicle.
Question: Is the cyclist a driver?
Yes, a cyclist is a driver, so all the requirements of the rules required for vehicle drivers to apply apply to cyclists to the same extent.
Question: When a person with a bicycle can be a pedestrian?
If you get off the bike and roll the bike next to you, then in accordance with the traffic rules, you are already a pedestrian.
General rules for cyclists as for any vehicle driver.
The bicycle, as a vehicle, must be in good working order.
In conditions of poor visibility, in the dark, in tunnels on a moving bicycle Headlights or lanterns must be on. Thus, in THESE conditions, light reflectors alone are not enough for cycling, there must be lighting devices.
The cyclist while driving on the carriageway is obliged to inform the second road users with certain signs if he is going to perform any maneuver.
Before starting a movement, turning, changing lanes and stopping, it is necessary to give signals with direction indicators, if any, and if they are not, then by hand. When performing various maneuvers, the cyclist must NOT interfere with other road users.
This is not noted in the traffic rules, but for the safety of both the cyclist and other road users, apparently, it is necessary that the person on the bike be clearly visible. Therefore, it is necessary that he was in bright, noticeable clothes, and in the dark, reflective elements should be located on his clothes.
In accordance with traffic rules, the cyclist’s permitted speed is the same as for other vehicles. The city is not allowed to exceed the speed of 60 km / h, in courtyards and residential areas. 20 km / h. At the same time, a cyclist can only reach speeds above 25 km / h with his own efforts.
Traffic rules for cyclists Set out in a separate chapter No. 24.
Who can ride a bike and where
If you are over 14 years old, then you must ride the cycle path, cycle path, or cyclist lane. That is, traffic on the second elements of the road is prohibited by the rules, in particular. On the sidewalk. But there are exceptions to this rule.
Question: Is it possible to ride a bike on the road?
If you are a cyclist under the age of 14, then you are prohibited from driving on the carriageway.
If you are over 14 years old, you can, as an exception, drive along the edge of the carriageway when:
There is no lane for the movement of cyclists, a cycle or bicycle path, or traffic on them is impossible.
When the width of the bike or trailer is more than 1 meter.
When cyclists move in a column.
Question: Is it okay to cycle on a sidewalk or footpath?
Yes, if your age is from 7 to 14 years old, then you can only cycle on pedestrian, bicycle and bicycle paths, sidewalks, and also within pedestrian zones.
Yes, if the rider is under 7 years old. Cyclists of this age can only ride on pedestrian and cycle paths (on the pedestrian side), sidewalks, and also within pedestrian areas.
Question: Where can children from 7 to 14 years old ride a bike??
Children between the ages of 7 and 14 can only ride a bicycle on bicycle, pedestrian and bicycle paths, sidewalks, and within pedestrian areas.
Question: Where can children under 7 ride a bike??
Children under 7 years of age should only ride bicycles on sidewalks, pedestrian and bicycle paths (on the pedestrian side), and within pedestrian areas. That is, they should only move on a section of the road intended for pedestrian traffic.
Thus, cyclists under the age of 14 are prohibited from driving on the side of the road and the carriageway.
If a cyclist, moving on a pedestrian path, sidewalk, shoulder or within pedestrian zones, interferes with the movement of others, then he must get off the bike and become a pedestrian, that is, roll the bike next to him.
Driving on the carriageway
Those cyclists who are allowed to move on the carriageway, in accordance with the traffic rules, must move along its edge in the direction of the traffic flow.
But moving along the edge This does not mean that it is necessary to move close to the side of the road. You need to leave a small space on the asphalt between you and the side of the road for maneuver. Danger can be presented by undercutting drivers who turn right and opening doors of cars parked on the side of the road.
Question: On which side of the road should the cyclist move or how to properly ride the bike on the road?
The cyclist must move along the right edge of the carriageway in the direction of traffic (clause 24.2 of the SDA).
Apparently, the frequency of occurrence of this issue is related to the fact that pedestrians, in the absence of other possibilities of traffic rules, are allowed to move even along the edge of the carriageway (of course, movement along the edge of the carriageway for pedestrians is a Significant danger, therefore it is not recommended), but pedestrians should move towards traffic.
If the cyclist gets off the bike and rolls it next to him, then in agreement with the traffic rules, he becomes a pedestrian and, accordingly, must move along the edge of the carriageway towards the movement of vehicles.
There are bans in traffic rules that apply only to drivers of two-wheeled vehicles.
Question: Can a cyclist ride a bike without holding the handlebars?
Do NOT hold the wheel with at least one hand to operate the bike.
Question: Is it possible for a cyclist to cross the road at a pedestrian crossing.
No. The cyclist cannot be crossing the road at the pedestrian crossing.
The cyclist is prohibited from:
transports children under 7 years old if there are specially equipped places for their transportation;
turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tramway traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in a given direction;
crossed the road at pedestrian crossings. In this case, the cyclist does not have an advantage over vehicles. That is, the road cannot be crossed by bicycle, you must dismount, i.e. Get off the bike and roll it alongside. In this case, you become a pedestrian and, at a pedestrian crossing when crossing a road, use all the advantages over car drivers, which are in pedestrians when moving along a pedestrian crossing.
The basis of proper road driving is pedaling. The main parameter when driving is cadence. this is the cadence. Depending on it and on the load, the effect of riding and the recommended techniques change.
- The cadence must be stable. the guarantee of a long and pleasant ride is a stable load. It is both good for the body and effective;
- It is advisable to know the ideal cadence. it is easy to catch it in practice, studying the state of the body for about 10 trips;
- DO NOT slow down your cadence when changing inclines. including accelerating downhill. Fortunately, most modern bicycles are equipped with speeds;
- The pedals must be rotated, not trampled. That is, the load should be in all positions, not just on the “comfortable” quarter of the circle;
- For any discomfort in the body, it is better to slow down or stop altogether.
Correct cycling technique
After the first question of a novice cyclist about how to ride a bike in general, not everyone asks how to ride a bike correctly. However, over the years and bumps, the understanding will come that your skills should be improved. Let’s take a look at the basics of cycling. How to position and how to pedal, how to drive bumps and what not to do in any case.
Note that, first of all, we are always talking about security. The speed and efficiency of efforts are the lot of sports training, amateurs and beginners should always think about their health and the serviceability of their bike.
Let’s start by choosing and setting up a bike. Here are the sizes and combinations of parts depends on how the body, arms and legs of the bike are located. Landing is the base of how a person drives. If sitting is uncomfortable, no amount of skills and training will help, but real health problems will arise. knees, back and arms.
Some bike parameters require constant checking, rather than a one-time adjustment for a long time.
As much as you would not like to “sit down and ride”, the first thing you need to do before riding a bike is to check the pressure in the wheels. Depending on the intensity of skiing and, most importantly, the upcoming track, even on identical tires, the pressure should be changed.
- Smooth asphalt. wheels can be pumped to maximum, but not pumped. Over-pumped wheels wear out quickly and can burst at the most inopportune moment;
- Rough terrain. medium pumping, wheels Must bend visibly and “portray a snail”.
Separately, it is worth noting the shock absorber settings, usually on a mountain bike this is only the front one. On asphalt, the fork can be locked to save energy; when descending a mountain, make it harder so as not to roll over.
In addition, before a ride, you should always check the performance of all bicycle components. brakes and switches.
Everyone sets up the saddle as comfortable, but there are two main ways to get on the bike. The first, sporty, looks like “standard and above”. The leg should be extended and all muscles should be involved in pedaling. The second is for walking, when the leg is NOT fully extended, and you can easily get off the bike. Such a fit allows you to feel comfortable at any speed and in any conditions, usually typical for choppers and walking models in which the rider is close to the road.
Defining a “standard” is not difficult. This is usually done using the heel rule. Sitting comfortably on the seat, the cyclist should rest against the pedal with his heel, and do not stretch or bend the leg.
The point of particular danger is the first trips with the contact pedals, especially on public roads. The clip-on pedals maximize the use of muscle forces, but also block the movement of the feet. Then. contact pedals topic for a separate discussion.
Frame dimensions and position
They say a lot about choosing a frame by height, and we must not forget that just “taking a ride” on someone else’s bike can hammer your knees in a day or walk with a sore back for several months. Choosing the right frame and using the right fit when driving on the road.
Pay particular attention to the steering wheel. Highlighted by a sporty fit with low handlebars in the style of “ram’s horns”. It is for professionals and for driving on the highway. The main thing in a sporty landing is aerodynamics, everything is sacrificed for speed.
Standard fit with both legs and arms. standard for MTB, XC and rough terrain. straight handlebars allow for safe handling. The main thing in the grip here is that the grips should be of such a diameter that the handlebars are completely covered and not too thick. Separately, the steering wheel is chosen in width. it should be convenient for the hands when resting on them. otherwise the muscles of the arms and shoulders will quickly get tired and there may even be a TUNNEL syndrome, which suffers a lot of people sitting at the computer.
The cycling technique is supported by a few basic tips:
- Make full use of the shock absorbers’ capabilities. not all obstacles need to be avoided;
- DO NOT forget about gear shifting;
- Monitor the state of the body;
- It slows down gradually: stop pedaling in advance, and do not block the wheels, gently press the brake levers to slow down;
- To be able to fall. sadly enough, everyone has to fall, and if you know how to do it. at least group up and wear a helmet;
- Move very carefully around the city. it is necessary to follow the road, as the cyclist becomes a full-fledged participant in the road traffic, and must follow the rules for driving on public roads.
Correct pedaling technique
A bicycle allows a person to improve his physical fitness, build muscle and just keep himself in good shape. Therefore, it is important to know the basic rules of cycling technique, which will make it possible to fully enjoy the ride.
- Short article:
- How to ride a bike, the right fit
- Correct pedaling technique
- Pedaling types
- Types of bike landing
- Pedaling technique
Correct pedaling technique
In addition to the correct fit, you need to learn the basic principles of pedaling, which is very important when riding a bicycle, so it is worth remembering once and for all a few basic rules of cycling and always adhere to them, as this makes it possible NOT to expose the body to unnecessary stress and maintain the health of the knees.
If it’s too easy to drive, then switch immediately and vice versa. This is a guarantee of the correct load on the cyclist’s legs while making it possible to use the maximum number of muscle groups. NOT adhering to the rules of gear shifting can lead to serious health problems.
So, let’s take a look at how to pedal a bicycle correctly (circular pedaling technique):
- Breathing. breathing rate should be at the same level, try to Watch it. Breathing should be carried out only with the nose, since when driving, the dust rises up and it must be filtered by the nose;
- The pedals must be turned, and not put pressure on them, which will ensure the maximum waste of energy by the body. This will ensure proper and uninterrupted Circular Rotation. You need to rotate the pedals constantly, continuously and at the same speed. Pedaling on the contact pedals, which transmit the maximum energy to the cyclist when pedaling, will allow you to acquire the skill of proper cycling the fastest. This is achieved by applying pressure to the pedal in all zones. i.e. Provides downward pressure and upward pulling motion.
How to ride a bike, the right fit
Among the many rules, the most basic is, of course, the correct fit on the bike. It consists in the following:
Correct fit on the bike
- The size of the bike is correctly selected and corresponds to the height;
- The height of the seatpost should be adjusted exactly to your height. You can find the desired level by placing the heel of your foot on the platform of the pedal while it should be almost completely straightened at the knee. This is a very important point, since it makes it possible NOT to overload the Knee joint while riding and as a result of which fatigue decreases;
- Correct handlebar width. Here you already need to decide on your own preferences, as well as the width of the shoulders;
- The stem length is selected using special calculators, which allow you to select the stem of the desired length. Everything here rests on the length of the arms and the comfortable position of the body of the bicycle frame;
- Seat Angle. Seat must be mounted horizontally. No need to scrape or lower the nose of the saddle, as this will compress the pelvic arteries and lead to disruption of blood flow, as a result of which numbness in the perineum and pelvis will be felt.
- The length and width of the saddle. determined by the width of the ischial bones, a properly selected saddle will allow you to get comfort from riding at any distance.
- Every cyclist must know and follow the rules of cycling
There are 2 types of pedaling:
- Standard. pedaling while sitting in the saddle;
- Reception “dancer”. pedaling is carried out while standing on the pedals. Standing pedaling has to be done, for example, by riders during a competition. It is used to increase speed or to overcome certain obstacles, for example, to drive up a mountain as quickly as possible. Standing cycling is done by distributing most of the weight to the front wheel by tilting the body close to the handlebars. Distribute this weight to each pedal in turn. This takes a lot of energy and effort.
Types of bike landing
Many people wonder how to ride a bike properly. I will say right away it all depends on what kind of bike you ride. There are two types of landing:
- Sports. designed for high-speed driving. The hull position is close to horizontal to improve aerodynamics and efficiency. This position makes it possible to transfer all the energy of the leg muscles to the bicycle pedal. The technique of mountain biking, as well as on a road, implies this type of landing.
- Walking. designed for walking bicycles (hybrids, city and others). The position of the body is close to vertical. Saddle width is wider than sport fit.
At the end of the article, I would like to say that compliance with all of the above rules for pedaling, landing, rational use of pedaling types depending on the road section or obstacle and the correct landing is the key to the success of any cyclist.
For more information on bicycle pedals, clip-on and folding pedals, and more, if you need to repair or disassemble or remove the pedals, read this article.
Your pedals are spinning or the chain flies, find out why this link //velosipedinfo.ru/prokruchivayutsya-pedali-na-velosipede.
If you are a little familiar with English, then be sure to look more.
Features of movement for different age categories
The requirements of the traffic rules are very specific and understandable in terms of the question of at what age people driving a bicycle are allowed to move on the territory of the carriageway.
Where can you ride?
Cycling is not possible on all roads. You can read about whether it is allowed to move on 2-wheeled vehicles on highways, public highways in the section of traffic rules No. 24. In particular, it is indicated here that according to the age category of the cyclist, he can move on sidewalks, shoulders, carriageways, pedestrian zones, designated cycle paths.
If the movement of the cyclist creates difficulties for the second road users on the sidewalk, pedestrian zone or path, shoulder, he must dismount and drive the vehicle NOT as a driver.
Several roads today have dedicated lanes for cyclists and moped drivers. Other vehicles must not drive along them. If there is a dedicated and signposted lane for public transport, cyclists also have the right to move within it, and not interfere with minibuses, buses and trolleybuses. This requirement must be strictly observed. Within Special Cycling Areas, equipped with appropriate signs, drivers of two-wheeled vehicles have the right of priority.
Pedestrians in such sections do not have the right of priority, but they can cross the road outside specially marked places. It is forbidden to move around the bicycle zones at a speed exceeding 20 km / h.
What is prohibited for this category of drivers?
There are a number of requirements that are recommended to be followed. Let’s figure out what cyclists shouldn’t do.
- Drive the vehicle while intoxicated or after taking medications that affect the driver’s reaction speed. You cannot drive yourself, transfer the right to drive to a second person who drank alcohol.
- Move without lighting devices. It is mandatory for cyclists to use low beam or daytime running lights during the day and headlights at night. In fact, 90% of two-wheeled vehicles without a motor are not equipped with a set of lighting equipment. His absence may be a prerequisite for interest from traffic police officers and a reason for a fine.
- Drive instead of holding the steering wheel with 1 or 2 hands.
- To transport bulky goods protruding from each side by more than 0.5 m.And also you cannot transport objects that interfere with the management of the bike.
- Carry out the transportation of passengers outside the regular seats for their boarding, as well as in the absence of child seats with seat belts.
- Crossed pedestrian crossings as a driver along with the flow of people.
- Make a U-turn, turn left (except for single-lane roads and bicycle zones).
- Towing trailers, the design of which was not initially provided for in the standard equipment of the vehicle.
All these violations directly entail penalties. The decision on their imposition is made by the traffic police.
From how many years can you ride a bike on the road and what rules must be followed?
- Who is considered a cyclist?
- Features of movement for different age categories
- Where can you ride?
- What rules cyclists must follow?
- What is prohibited for this category of drivers?
- Penalties for breaking the rules
Eco-friendly two-wheeled vehicles are increasingly being chosen by urban dwellers as an alternative to cars, motorcycles and scooters. But few people know how old you can ride a bike on the road. Meanwhile, every day, thousands of people travel on the highway, without even having studied the requirements of the traffic rules. Can a child at the age of 7 or 14 move on the roads equally with adults? Until what age is it prohibited to ride on the road? Where can you ride a bike with two or three wheels, with a trailer or an electric motor?
It can be difficult to act in the legal field on the road without studying such information. In addition, when a dangerous or emergency situation arises in a dispute with representatives of the traffic police, it is important to know whether the rules have been violated. Understanding exactly how to proceed will help the study of traffic rules regarding cyclists.
Signaling when maneuvering
The cyclist gives them with gestures. When maneuvering, it is important to make sure that there is NO interference with other road users. There are several applicable signals.
- Braking designation. Left or right arm raised and extended upward.
- U-turn or turn left. It corresponds to the left hand laid out to the side. This is the most common gesture. And also let’s say a gesture in which the right hand is extended to the side at shoulder level, bent at the elbow.
- Right turn. It corresponds to a gesture with an outstretched right hand to the side. This is an easy option. And you can also use the left arm bent at the elbow and raised up to indicate a maneuver.
It is worth considering that it is recommended to demonstrate your intentions to perform a maneuver or braking in advance, before any actions are taken. Experienced cyclists recommend avoiding heavy braking and loss of road control at this moment.
7-14 years old
The passage of school-age children is carried out exclusively off the side of the road, cycle lanes, you cannot cross the boundaries of the carriageway. Persons who have reached the age of 7 can independently move on paths for pedestrians, bicycle routes, bike paths and sidewalks, provided that the safety of those who are near them is ensured. Accompanying persons can travel in the same place as their wards.
What rules cyclists must follow?
The main guide for cyclists is section 24 of the SDA. However, it is a mistake to believe that they are not subject to the requirements for drivers and vehicles. In the case of a cyclist, only the rules for pedestrians who are NOT going to go anywhere will be superfluous. Among the mandatory requirements that must be met, there are several points.
Compliance with the rules of passage of pedestrian crossings
The bike rider must stop in front of a pedestrian crossing at a regulated or unregulated intersection. In this case, road users traveling on foot have the right of priority. If the cyclist dismounts, the same rules apply as for other pedestrians.
Monitoring the technical serviceability of the vehicle
A bicycle is equated to other vehicles, therefore, according to clause 2.3 of the SDA, before leaving, its driver (cyclist) must check the correct operation of the hitch in the presence of a trailer, steering column, brake system, headlights and parking lights on electric vehicles.