Cycling around the city
By purchasing a bicycle and successfully riding it around the yards and the nearest park, sooner or later other needs for movement appear. For example, a resident of a large city, tired of traffic jams, has a desire to try cycling to work. Someone dreams of cycling out of the city, but in order to get to the train station, you have to travel some distance around the city.
There are two ways to cycle around the city. The cyclist, unlike other road users, has the ability to instantly switch from the state of a pedestrian to the driver of a vehicle. This unique opportunity should be used.
As a pedestrian, you can only move along the sidewalks or along the paths of the park. The carriageways are crossed by elevated or underground pedestrian crossings, moving on foot next to the bicycle. When riding on sidewalks, the cyclist is in relative safety, in which case only a minimum knowledge of the Rules of the Road is required. If the age of the cyclist has not reached 14 years old, then in this case the pedestrian method of riding is the only possible.
Problems with pedestrian riding are mainly the need to jump from curbs and back at every intersection and entrance to the courtyard. If these jumps have to be made every hundred meters, this style of movement quickly tires.
Danger when driving on sidewalks usually comes from unpredictable pedestrians.
For example, children, elderly or drunk. In this case, the pedestrian can instantly find himself on the trajectory of the cyclist. In addition, under the wheels there may also be a baby doll stroller or a casually thrown out bottle.
Another hazard when driving on sidewalks is a vehicle entering or exiting a courtyard. If you follow the Rules of the Road, then the car, when entering the adjacent territory, must let through all pedestrians and cyclists moving on the sidewalk. But this rule is not always observed. In addition, the driver may not notice the cyclist because of a parked car, tree, or, in principle, may not count on the speed of the object moving along the sidewalk at a speed of 15-20 km / h.
Thus, when driving up the pedestrian path to the entrance to the courtyard, you should slow down and make sure that there are no cars.
Another danger is the suddenly opened door of a parked car. Drivers develop an instinct over time to look back and make sure there are no moving vehicles before opening the door. But passengers may not have such an instinct.
When approaching a parked car, you should go around it at a distance of an open door.
In addition, we must not forget that the bicycle is on the sidewalk in violation of the Traffic Rules, which clearly prohibit the movement of vehicles here (clause 9.9 of the SDA). From the point of view of the Rules, a bicycle on the sidewalk is no different from a car. There is a certain contradiction in this. where, then, to ride cyclists under 14 years old? Therefore, you should always remember that when driving on the sidewalk, the advantage always remains with the pedestrian.
However, traffic police officers, as a rule, do not pay attention to cyclists riding on the sidewalk. Because in some cases the sidewalk is the only safe place for a cyclist.
In this case, a bicycle is a real vehicle (but without an engine).
In this case, the cyclist must comply with the Traffic Rules, that is, drive only on the carriageway, follow road markings, traffic signals, etc.
Only cyclists who have reached the age of 14 and who have the skills of confident bicycle control can ride as a vehicle driver.
Here jumping skills or trick riding skills are unlikely to come in handy, but the ability to ride in a straight path (especially at low speed) will come in handy. The ability to clearly keep the chosen trajectory allows you to be more predictable for other road users and, as a result, to ensure a safer movement.
There is such a thing as the maximum safe speed of the driver. It applies not only to car drivers, but also to cyclists. While the driver is driving at a speed not exceeding his “safe” speed, he is able to notice all the details of the road situation that surround him and have time to make the right decision. When this speed threshold is exceeded, the ability to control the environment is markedly reduced. In this case, the driver may not notice a pedestrian crossing the carriageway, a road sign requiring you to give way or a road obstacle.
A person who has just learned to ride a bicycle has a safe speed of about 8-12 km / h. Of course, he can go faster, but all his attention will be focused on keeping his balance. Thus, it is possible to enter the carriageway only if the cyclist is able to move at a speed of 25-30 km / h and at the same time fully control the traffic situation. Otherwise, it is better not to rush and start training on park paths, in yards and on sidewalks. that is, as a pedestrian.
The growing popularity of cycling tourism and the problem of urban congestion are making the bicycle, previously considered a transport for teenagers, to become more and more popular among adults. That is, among cyclists, there are more and more people who learned to ride as a child, and now they are re-mastering this type of transport after a long break. It turns out that many novice cyclists have a driver’s license and years of experience in driving a car. Advice to those who know how to drive a car well, and have not been driving a bicycle for many years: a street or an intersection looks completely different from the cab of a car and while driving a bicycle. This fact must be taken into account.
As practice shows, if you ride in compliance with all the rules, behave predictably and adequately on the road and do not create unreasonable obstacles to anyone, then the overwhelming majority of drivers will treat the cyclist with respect, and the ride will become quite comfortable and safe. You should also not neglect the well-known rule of “three de”. give way to the fool.
According to the Rules of the Road, when driving on the carriageway, the driver of any vehicle and, in particular, a bicycle, is obliged to give turn signals and braking signals.
There are usually no direction indicators on a bicycle, so these signals are given by hand. The hand signal should start well before the start of the maneuver and can be finished immediately before the turn (clause 8.2 of the SDA).
To indicate a turn, you must extend your hand in the appropriate direction (clause 8.1 of the SDA).
The arm bent at the elbow denotes a turn in the opposite direction. Cyclists do not usually use this signal: it is intended for drivers of cars who have faulty direction indicators.
Braking is indicated by a raised hand (any). The braking signal must also be given in advance, a couple of seconds before the start of the braking itself, since it is rather difficult to brake and give a signal at the same time. In practice, the braking signal is given only if a car or another cyclist is behind the cyclist, and for him the maneuver may be unexpected.
Turn signals and braking signals must be given very clearly and clearly.
All city streets can be divided into 3 groups:
- main streets (without traffic lights);
- busy streets;
- streets without heavy traffic.
Of course, this division is conditional. the same street can be clogged with cars in the morning and completely empty during the day.
It is better not to ride a bicycle on main streets (for example, the Moscow Ring Road or the third transport ring). because of the high average speed of traffic, it is much more difficult not to interfere when avoiding obstacles or exits from the main road. Interchanges are often designed so that the adjoining road flows into the main road on the right. That is, a cyclist in the far right lane may suddenly find himself between two animated streams of cars.
If there is a sidewalk along the highway, it is better to move along it. Usually, the sidewalk along the main streets is separated from the carriageway by protective barriers, and it is much safer to drive along it. Otherwise, it’s better to look for another route.
On other types of roads, you can ride a bike, guided by the Rules of the road.
How To Ride In A City | Bike Riding Tips For Busy And Urban Streets
The most important rule of thumb when driving on city streets is to drive confidently and predictably. That is, all the intentions of the cyclist must be clear to all other road users. To do this, you need to know well the generally accepted rules of the road.
There are several common misconceptions regarding safety when driving on city streets:
- As slow as possible. This is only true if you are driving on an empty road. When driving in traffic, the safest speed is the traffic speed. When driving on the right edge of the carriageway, you should adhere to the speed at which cars in the right lane travel. Usually the average speed in the far right lane is lower than in the rest. many are parking or preparing to turn right. Thus, driving at a speed of 25-30 km / h, you can minimize interference with other road users. If the speed is reduced to 10-15 km / h, then for the drivers the cyclist will be close to the pedestrian who has entered the carriageway. This situation can arise, for example, when driving uphill. In this case, you should leave the carriageway and go to the sidewalk.
- As close to the curb as possible. Previously, in traffic rules, a cyclist was allowed to ride no further than 1 meter from the edge of the carriageway. In recent years, this requirement has been practically impracticable. the edge of the roadway is often completely packed with parked cars. In this regard, in the new edition of the Rules, this paragraph has undergone changes. now the cyclist must ride “as far as possible to the right” (paragraph 24.2 of the SDA). Indeed, in many cases, you should ride your bike as close to the right edge of the carriageway as possible. But there are exceptions to this rule. Sometimes it is safer to drive in the middle of the right lane. Just remember that in order not to interfere with anyone, you need to move fast enough. A common situation is when a cyclist rides along the street, hugging the side of the road, and at this time a car leaves the adjacent territory. The driver looks to the left, does not see the cars and continues driving. The cyclist could go unnoticed due to limited visibility (for example, a parked car or a tree).
In this situation, it is safer to drive in the middle of the right lane, then the driver leaving the adjacent territory has more chances to notice the cyclist and give him way. However, he may not give in (for example, by incorrectly assessing his speed of movement). you must always be ready for this. You should also not drive constantly in the middle of the right lane. the bike will interfere with the movement of cars. It makes sense to rebuild to the center of the right lane only when driving through intersections or exits from adjacent territories and only if the right lane is free.
While driving, one should avoid sudden changes of lanes and movements across the road. If it becomes necessary to move to the left (for example, when driving around an obstacle on the roadway, a parked car or an open hatch), then in advance (50-100 meters) give a left turn signal with your hand and slowly start changing lanes, looking back (or in the rear mirror species). It is too risky to start changing lanes just in front of an obstacle. In this regard, while driving, you should not look at the front wheel of your bike, but at the place where the bike will be in 5-10 seconds.
Often you have to drive down the street, the right lane of which is densely packed with parked cars. In this case, you need to drive about a meter from these cars, since a meter is the approximate distance of an open door. Otherwise, you may not have time to brake when the driver’s door is suddenly opened.
If the right lane is crowded with parked cars loosely and there are gaps of 100-200 meters between them, then it is better to go straight without driving into them. it is safer. Any maneuver on the road is potentially dangerous, and if possible, it is better to adhere to the most straightforward trajectory of movement.
If you plan to ride at dusk and in the dark, then you need to make your bike visible to car drivers. Usually bicycles are equipped with reflectors (white at the front, red at the back, yellow or orange on the sides). By themselves, they do not shine, but they make the bike visible in the light of car headlights. If you only move around the courtyards in the dark, then there will be enough reflectors, but if you have to go out onto roads, it is better to install a white headlight and a red taillight on your bike.
You need to turn on the lights on your bike as soon as it gets dark. Twilight is a dangerous time. It seems that it is still light, but in fact, many small objects are already difficult to see. You shouldn’t save batteries at the expense of safety. When driving through busy intersections, it does not hurt to turn on the headlight during daylight hours. this way the vehicle becomes more noticeable to all other road users.
The traffic rules clearly state that it is forbidden to ride a bicycle without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand, because otherwise the bicycle loses the brakes: the brake levers on the bicycles are on the handlebars, and the foot brake may not be enough for emergency braking. In addition, any minor unevenness on the road can lead to a complete loss of control of the bike.
You cannot “hang on the wheel”. for a car, although there is such a temptation. an air stream forms behind a moving car, in which you can go a little faster. The danger of such riding is that the distance between the bike and the car is insufficient. If the driver suddenly applies emergency braking, the collision will not be easy to avoid. It is also possible that the driver misses an obstacle between the wheels (pit, stone or other foreign object). If the proper distance is not observed, you may not have time to react to the sudden appearance of an obstacle from under the wheels.
(Being in an aerodynamic shadow or air bag of another cyclist (motorcycle or any other moving object) means getting close enough to him that he takes all the main resistance to the air flow. Since air resistance has the strongest effect on the speed of the cyclist, this is based on many tactics for cycling racing. Alternatively, the term “riding on a wheel” is used.)
You cannot ride on the streets in a low seating position, despite the fact that it provides better aerodynamics. The driver of any vehicle should be looking forward at the road, not at his front wheel. A low seating position is only good for races when the organizers of the competition are obliged to provide a clear road.
When stopping in front of traffic lights, you should not approach the car driving in front closer than 1.5-2 meters. Especially if he stopped on the rise. The vehicle may roll back before driving. In addition, an inexperienced driver may mistakenly engage reverse gear instead of first gear.
The small size of the bike is one of its advantages, especially when driving in traffic. But don’t overuse this advantage. Sometimes it is tempting to go around the cars on the right in front of the traffic lights in the queue: there may be a distance between the right side of the cars and the sidewalk for a cyclist to pass. But only as long as the cars are stationary. When the flow begins to move even at low speed, there is a danger of pressing the cyclist to the sidewalk. In these conditions, the ability to jump on a curb can help out, but it is better not to get into such situations. It is especially dangerous to be near the starboard side of a truck or bus: from the cab of a large car, the cyclist is not visible at all. If a long queue of cars has accumulated at the crossroads, then the cyclist should cross onto the sidewalk and drive a couple of hundred meters as a pedestrian.
When driving on the road, do not use the player’s headphones. The driver must control the environment around him, and hearing is a very important channel for obtaining information. As a last resort, you can leave one ear free. Do not use a cell phone while driving.
It is also important to understand that you should not teach drivers to comply with traffic rules, risking their health and life. Despite the blatant injustice and ignorance that often occur on the roads, proving something with your body is too unequal and, moreover, it is absolutely useless.
If a traffic light or a traffic controller is installed in front of the intersection, then the order of travel is determined by the signals of this traffic light or traffic controller (clause 13.3 of the SDA).
If there is no traffic light or it does not work (off or flashing yellow), then the intersection is called unregulated, and the order of passage is determined by priority signs: vehicles on the secondary road must give way to those on the main road.
Do not forget that a working traffic light cancels the actions of the priority signs installed at the intersection.
If there is no traffic light or priority signs, then the roads are considered equivalent, and at such intersections the rule of interference from the right works: the one who has another vehicle on the right gives way (clause 13.9 of the SDA).
The world of crossroads is complex and diverse. There are intersections where the main road changes direction. Sometimes there are tram lines at intersections. How to pass these intersections is described in detail in the traffic rules.
Knowing the priorities of crossing intersections will help you overcome them quickly and confidently without interfering with other road users. However, you should not insist on your advantage: you need to go first only if it is obvious that they really give way to you.
You need to drive through intersections quickly, confidently and do not forget to give a turn signal if necessary.
Turning to the right is usually easy. Most often, turning to the right is allowed only from the right lane, where the cyclist is moving. The most important thing here is to drive to the middle of the right lane in advance so as not to turn right at the same time as the car. Otherwise, he may push the bike to the side of the road.
The most unpleasant thing is to be to the right of a truck (especially with a trailer) or a bus making a right turn. Do not forget that the bike is absolutely invisible from the truck cabin. It is better to skip trucks and buses ahead and follow them at the turn.
Almost everyone knows that if a traffic light with an additional section with an arrow is installed at an intersection, then you can turn only when the signal of this section is on.
Unfortunately, even among car drivers, not everyone knows that if the red signal of the main traffic light is on at the same time as the arrow, then you can turn, but it is imperative to give way to those who are driving straight (clause 13.5 of the SDA).
Driving straight through the intersection is also usually easy. As a rule, you can drive straight from any lane, including the right-hand bike lane. You just need to drive to the middle of the right lane in advance and develop a sufficiently high speed so that the driver of the car driving behind, when turning right, does not start overtaking.
The situation is complicated if at the intersection from the right lane you can only turn right, while you cannot go straight (at such intersections above each lane there are corresponding prescriptive signs (5.8.2), and there are special markings on the road). When the green light is on for the cyclist, he will not be able to go straight: in front of him there will be cars willing to turn right and waiting for the arrow in the additional section of the traffic light. When this arrow lights up, driving straight ahead will also be impossible. the main traffic light at this time will turn red.
But if there is an opportunity to rebuild in advance and take a place between the first and second rows, then you can drive through this intersection in the forward direction safely and almost without breaking the rules (the instruction to move as far to the right as possible will be violated). But at the same time, between the first and second rows, you can safely wait for the green traffic light, without disturbing those who turn right along the arrow.
Immediately after passing this intersection, you should again change to the rightmost lane. No one will prevent this, since all cars that were to the right turned right. Just in case, you should still give a turn signal with your right hand and turn around, making sure that the right lane is free.
If it is not possible to rebuild in advance (for example, due to an excessively dense traffic flow), then it is easier to pass directly to become a pedestrian for a while, using the appropriate overground or underground passage.
You should also switch to pedestrian mode at those intersections where a right turn is allowed from several rows at once. To drive straight through such an intersection, you will need to rebuild not into the second, but into the third row. A cyclist should no longer do this. At least because later from the third row it is much more difficult to return to the far right.
This is a rather difficult maneuver that can only be performed by self-confident cyclists. When there is no such confidence, it is better to enter pedestrian mode.
If the road has one lane in each direction, turning left by bike is easier. Before turning, you should drive into the middle of the right lane in advance so as not to intersect with a car wishing to drive straight through the intersection.
Do not forget that it is imperative to skip traffic moving in the opposite direction. This should be done at the intersection itself, and not in front of it. That is, turning left on a bicycle is performed in three stages:
- Before reaching a few tens of meters before the crossroads, the cyclist shows with his left hand a turn signal to the left and rebuilds to the middle of the lane.
- After waiting for a permitting traffic light, the cyclist once again shows a left turn signal and drives straight to the intersection. If traffic is moving in the opposite lane, then you need to stop in the middle of the intersection in such a way as not to interfere with cars and let all oncoming traffic pass. It is best to stop and wait a little further from the center of the car’s turning trajectory. that is, after the turn, you will be immediately pressed to the edge of the right lane. You should not be afraid of a car standing nearby, which also gives way to everyone oncoming. You should not move far from the center line or be at a large angle to it: the bike will interfere with those who drive along this lane.
- After waiting for the moment when there is no one in the oncoming lane, the cyclist turns left and exits the intersection. It is quite normal if you have to leave the intersection at a yellow or even red traffic light. this is allowed by the rules (clause 13.7 of the SDA). Leaving the intersection should be done quickly, but without fuss. If there is a delay and the cars have already started moving, which turned on the green light, there is no need to be alarmed. Firstly, cars are obliged to give way and let the maneuver finish (clause 13.8 of the SDA), and secondly, at the time of waiting for a traffic light signal, the bike was clearly visible to all drivers.
If the road is multi-lane, then you can turn left only by changing to the leftmost lane. And this is difficult to do on a bicycle. it will interfere with those who ride straight. Therefore, turning the bike to the left in such a situation is clearly prohibited by the Traffic Rules (clause 24.3 of the SDA).
An exception to this rule can be made only at a T-junction, when you cannot go straight. If you manage to rebuild in advance between the first and second rows, you can safely turn left. Otherwise, it’s better to switch to pedestrian mode.
A roundabout intersection, with its seeming simplicity, is fraught with several unobvious difficulties, therefore, safe passage of such intersections on a bicycle is not always possible.
Entering a roundabout is straightforward. it’s a normal right turn. It is worth noting that if priority signs are not installed in front of such an intersection, then the vehicle that enters the intersection has the advantage. That is, cars on the circle give way to those who enter it. Having entered the circle, the cyclist continues to move along the right lane, as usual.
It is not difficult to leave such a circle. it is also a normal turn to the right.
Driving in a circle without taking the nearest exit is the same as driving straight ahead at an intersection. You just need to remember to give way to those who enter the circle and leave in advance in the middle of their lane so as not to intersect with the car leaving the circle.
Difficulties can arise precisely when trying to drive in a circle straight. According to the traffic rules, the entrance to the roundabout can be carried out from any lane, including from the right bicycle lane. Almost all car drivers know this. But the fact that you can leave the circle only from the extreme right (outer) row, not everyone knows. This creates dangerous situations.
The cyclist tries to drive straight in a circle, but those wishing to turn right from the second row do not allow this. The situation is especially dangerous if the configuration of the intersection is such that cars can pass it at high speed. It is often difficult to drive a circle on the right lane even by car. Changing lanes between the first and second rows will not help either: after all, someday a cyclist will have to return to the outer row, and there is no certainty that this can be done without creating an emergency.
Thus, if the configuration of the intersection is such that the drivers are forced to reduce the speed to 20-30 km / h, then the cyclist can safely cross it. If there is a congestion of cars at the intersection, then the safest solution is to go to the sidewalk and become a pedestrian.
If there are tram tracks on the street along which the cyclist moves, then you should also know all the relevant points of the Road Traffic Regulations. The tram must make way for you in three cases:
- if he leaves the depot;
- if a prohibiting traffic light is on for him, and a permitting signal for a cyclist;
- if he is on a secondary road and the cyclist is on the main.
In all other cases, the tram has the advantage, that is, it starts moving first.
There are some peculiarities when driving through intersections with tram lines. If the traffic light allows both the tram and the cyclist to move, then the latter must give way to the tram.
Another peculiarity concerns the left turn at an intersection with tram lines in the middle. In this case, a left turn on a bicycle can only be made in pedestrian mode (clause 24.3 of the SDA), since following the rules, it is allowed to turn left only from tram tracks. You shouldn’t go out on the path on a bicycle, as you will have to cross the rails at an acute angle, and in this situation there is a very high risk of falling.
Do not forget that crossing the rails on a bicycle is best at right angles. Especially in wet weather.
Riding a bicycle as a vehicle is not a bad practice for future car drivers. It is best to acquire initial cycling skills in courtyards (cars drive there, but at a low speed) and on quiet streets. As you gain experience, you can move to busy streets.
In addition, looking at the road from the side of the cyclist later helps to better notice them and treat them with special respect while in the car.
Features of the movement of young cyclists
- Cyclists between the ages of 7 and 14 are permitted to move along sidewalks, cycle paths, bicycle paths and pedestrian paths and at the border of pedestrian zones. It should be noted that “schoolchildren cyclists” are prohibited from driving on the carriageway, roadside and cycle lanes.
- Cyclists under the age of 7 are allowed to move only together with pedestrians (on pedestrian, bike paths, sidewalks and pedestrian areas).
While driving on pedestrian paths, sidewalks, pedestrian areas and roadsides, the cyclist must not interfere with the movement of other persons. If necessary, the cyclist is obliged to get off the bike, continuing to move as a pedestrian.
First of all, the cyclist is obliged to carefully monitor the health of the vehicle.
Namely. check all the most important parts of the bike (handlebars, serviceable brakes), check if it is equipped with other important parts for driving on the track:
- reflectors (back, front, and sides);
- lanterns that work at night;
- a good call to give a sound signal.
The cyclist must highlight his bicycle on the roadway so that both the vehicle and the driver himself are clearly visible from the side to all other road users.
Where to go?
Which side should cyclists move on? This is a rather controversial issue among bicycle riders: some argue that you need to move in the direction of travel, some prefer to ride “against the grain”, others do not think about such a question at all. Who is right?
Traffic rules clearly and clearly defined the correct position of the bike: along the way with other vehicles, but to the right. For example, on the side of the road or in the right lane in case of multi-lane traffic.
Also, the traffic rules determined that riding cyclists over 14 years old is possible in descending order:
- Cycle paths, cycle paths, or cyclists’ lane.
- On the carriageway along its right edge.
- By the side.
- On a footpath or sidewalk.
It is worth noting that all the following points in the above list are applicable in the absence of the previous ones. For example, you can move along the side of the road only if there is no cycle lane or path, and also if there is no possibility of driving the carriageway (on the right edge).
In addition, there are a few exceptions:
- It is allowed to ride on the carriageway if the width of the load or bicycle exceeds 1 meter.
- It is allowed to move on the carriageway also if the movement is carried out in columns.
In some cases, in the event of a breakdown or injury, the cyclist has to walk along the roads on foot. I wonder which side of the street you will be driving on when driving a broken bike?
In this case, it should be remembered that when moving on the carriageway outside settlements, pedestrians must follow the movement of other vehicles. However, people who ride a bicycle must walk in the direction of other vehicles.
When choosing a route, a bicycle driver should give preference to roads with low traffic and less intensive traffic, making the ride easier, safer, and helps to avoid unwanted accidents.
For a cyclist, distance is the distance in length between other vehicles and him.
Side spacing is the width distance. Safe and comfortable road riding requires maintaining distance and spacing so that, in the event of a dangerous situation, the cyclist can turn to the side.
In the event of a reduction in the distance with the vehicle in front, you need to slow down the pace, or vice versa. to accelerate if the distance decreases with the vehicle coming from behind.
In the case of parallel movement, you should not snuggle too close to parked or passing vehicles, and there are good reasons for this:
- There is a chance to fall on the car as a result of bumps on the road.
- The car may offend the cyclist in any way.
- The door of a stationary vehicle may open suddenly.
So, mindfulness is the key to safe cycling. In this case, you should carefully monitor what is happening on the sides and in front.
The road is movement, so the environment can change every second. It is useful to purchase a special rear-view mirror and fix it on the steering wheel, thanks to which it will be possible to follow the road also from behind.
According to traffic rules, moving in sync with the flow of cars is the safest option for each vehicle.
But on the road, you should develop and maintain a fairly high speed, at least 20 km / h.
It is necessary to adhere to this speed limit, as driving too slow can interfere with cars, as they have to maneuver around the cyclist.
This is especially true for narrower roads, where passing with oncoming and associated vehicles is difficult.
It is worth noting that high speed is only justified if all other vehicles are moving fast.
Which side of the road should cyclists move on??
The only problem is the lack of the required number of special bike paths, for example, there may be only one or two in a city with a population of over one million. There is only one option left. movement on a par with cars on roads and highways.
For safe movement, every cyclist must strictly adhere to traffic rules, in which, among other things, it is written in black and white on which side of the road the cyclist should ride.
How To Ride Safely On The Road | Ridesmart
Riding an unprepared bike is ridiculous and extremely dangerous, so it is important to determine how and where the cyclist should ride and what to be guided by.
Not everyone understands that a bicycle is equated with a car, therefore, on the road, a cyclist will need to follow the general traffic rules on the road (concerning non-motorized vehicles).
Along with all other road users. motorists, motorcyclists, horse-drawn transport drivers and pedestrians. cyclists must not only know, but also strictly adhere to all traffic rules that are relevant for 2021.
Consider what important factors need to be considered for the safe movement of cyclists.
Cyclists are prohibited from:
- Drive on the roads in the village if there is a cycle path. It is indicated by a round sign with a white bicycle on a blue background.
- Turn left or make a U-turn on a tramway road.
- Bicycle traffic is prohibited on motorways.
- It is forbidden to tow bicycles (you cannot use couplings, cables and other tricks and devices).
Traffic rules (SDA) for cyclists, or how to ride a bike on the roads according to the rules
and more cyclists appear on our roads and off-road, since the weather in summer is favorable for this. The bicycle is becoming a popular means of transport, both for movement and for maintaining optimal physical shape.
Cycling does not require a driver’s license, as most other vehicles do. Therefore, often, most cyclists, despite the fact that they are drivers of two-wheeled vehicles, have a very poor understanding of traffic rules and ride on the roads unprepared.
But cycling for adults, with the exception of some types of cycling, involves movement on roads and streets.
A little dry information from traffic rules about terms.
“Bicycle”. a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, as a rule, by the muscular energy of the persons on this vehicle.
“Driver”. a person who drives any vehicle.
A “cyclist” is a person who drives a bicycle.
“Pedestrian”. a person who is outside a vehicle on the road or on a pedestrian or bicycle path and does not work for them. Persons driving a bicycle are equated with pedestrians.
“Cycle path”. structurally separated from the carriageway and sidewalk element of the road (or a separate road), intended for the movement of cyclists and marked with sign 4.4.1.
“Lane for cyclists”. a lane of the carriageway intended for traffic on bicycles and mopeds, separated from the rest of the carriageway by horizontal markings and marked with sign 5.14.2.
Answers to basic questions, based on the definitions presented in the traffic rules.
Question: Is a bicycle a vehicle?
Yes, a bicycle is a vehicle.
Question: Is the cyclist a driver?
Yes, a cyclist is a driver, so all the requirements of the rules required for vehicle drivers to comply apply equally to cyclists.
Question: When a person with a bicycle can be a pedestrian?
If you get off the bike and roll the bike next to you, then in accordance with the traffic rules, you are already a pedestrian.
General rules for cyclists as for any vehicle driver.
The bicycle, as a vehicle, must be in good working order.
In conditions of insufficient visibility, in the dark, in tunnels on a moving bicycle, headlights or lanterns should be lit. Thus, in these conditions, for cycling, light reflectors alone are not enough, there must be lighting devices.
A cyclist while driving on the carriageway is obliged to inform other road users with certain signs if he is going to make any maneuver.
Before starting a movement, turning, changing lanes and stopping, it is necessary to give signals with direction indicators, if any, and if they are not, then by hand. When performing various maneuvers, the cyclist should not interfere with other road users.
This is not noted in the traffic rules, but for the safety of both the cyclist and other road users, it seems that it is necessary that the person on the bike be clearly visible. Therefore, it is necessary that he was in bright, noticeable clothes, and in the dark, reflective elements should be placed on his clothes.
In accordance with traffic rules, the speed limit for a cyclist is the same as for other vehicles. In the city it is not allowed to exceed the speed of 60 km / h, in courtyards and residential areas. 20 km / h. At the same time, a cyclist can only reach speeds above 25 km / h with his own efforts.
Traffic rules for cyclists are set out in a separate chapter No. 24.
Who can ride a bike and where
If you are over 14 years old, then you must ride the cycle paths, cycle paths, or cyclist lane. That is, traffic on other elements of the road is prohibited by the rules, in particular on the sidewalk. But there are exceptions to this rule.
Question: Is it possible to ride a bicycle on the road?
If you are a cyclist under the age of 14, then you are prohibited from driving on the carriageway.
If you are over 14 years old, you can, as an exception, drive along the edge of the carriageway when:
There is no lane for cyclists, bicycle or bicycle paths, or traffic on them is impossible.
When the width of the bike or trailer is more than 1 meter.
When cyclists move in a column.
Question: Is it okay to cycle on the sidewalk or footpath?
Yes, if your age is from 7 to 14 years old, then you can only cycle on pedestrian, bicycle and bicycle paths, sidewalks, and also within pedestrian zones.
Yes, if the rider is less than 7 years old. Cyclists of this age can only ride on pedestrian and cycle paths (on the pedestrian side), sidewalks, and also within pedestrian areas.
Question: Where can children from 7 to 14 years old ride a bike??
Children between the ages of 7 and 14 can only ride a bicycle on bicycle, pedestrian and bicycle paths, sidewalks, and within pedestrian areas.
Question: Where can children under 7 years of age ride a bike??
Children under 7 years of age should only ride bicycles on sidewalks, walking and cycling paths (on the pedestrian side), and within pedestrian areas. That is, they should only move on a section of the road intended for pedestrian traffic.
Thus, cyclists under the age of 14 are prohibited from driving on the side of the road and on the carriageway.
If a cyclist, moving on a pedestrian path, sidewalk, sidewalk or within pedestrian zones, interferes with the movement of others, then he must get off the bike and become a pedestrian, that is, roll the bike next to him.
Driving on the carriageway
Those cyclists who are allowed to move on the carriageway, in accordance with the traffic rules, must move along its edge in the direction of the traffic flow.
But moving along the edge does not mean that it is necessary to move close to the side of the road. You need to leave a small space on the asphalt between you and the side of the road for maneuver. Danger can be caused by undercutting drivers who turn right and opening doors of cars parked on the side of the road.
Question: On which side of the road should the cyclist move or how to properly ride the bike on the road?
The cyclist must move along the right edge of the carriageway in the direction of traffic (clause 24.2 of the SDA).
Apparently, the frequency of this issue arises due to the fact that pedestrians, in the absence of other possibilities of traffic rules, are allowed to move even along the edge of the carriageway (of course, movement along the edge of the carriageway for pedestrians is a significant danger, therefore it is not recommended), but pedestrians should move towards traffic.
If the cyclist gets off the bike and rolls it next to him, then in accordance with the traffic rules, he becomes a pedestrian and, accordingly, must move along the edge of the carriageway towards the movement of vehicles.
There are bans in traffic rules that apply only to drivers of two-wheeled vehicles.
Question: Can a cyclist ride a bike without holding the handlebars?
It is prohibited to operate the bike without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand.
Question: Is it possible for a cyclist to cross the road at a pedestrian crossing.
Not. A cyclist cannot cross the road at a pedestrian crossing.
The cyclist is prohibited from:
traffic on highways;
transport children under 7 years old if there are no specially equipped places for their transportation;
turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in a given direction;
cross the road at pedestrian crossings. In this case, the cyclist has no advantage over vehicles. That is, the road cannot be crossed by bicycle, you must dismount, i.e. get off the bike and roll it alongside. In this case, you become a pedestrian and use at a pedestrian crossing when crossing the road all the advantages over car drivers that pedestrians have when moving along a pedestrian crossing.
Rules for cycling on the carriageway
The best places for cycling in the city are, of course, parks and squares, as well as specially designated bike paths. But “we do not have Europe”: there are so few such places in any city with a population of over one million that they can be counted on one hand. Willy or not, but cyclists have to move along the carriageway. Traffic regulations allow only cyclists over the age of 14 to ride the carriageway with cars. Children younger on bicycles are prohibited from leaving the sidewalks, pedestrian and courtyard areas, special bike paths. What else do the traffic rules say about cyclists, and what are the unofficial, developed by life itself, rules for cycling on the road. further. The most complete overview!
Where is it prescribed to dismount and ride a bike nearby?
When crossing the carriageway on a pedestrian crossing, traffic rules require the cyclist to dismount and ride a bike nearby. If the cyclist did not cross, but crossed the pedestrian crossing, and an accident occurred, then he will be considered the culprit of this accident.
The second time the rules oblige a cyclist to dismount and ride alongside is when on a sidewalk, shoulder or pedestrian zone, he interferes with or endangers pedestrians. For example, in places where it is very crowded and crowded.
Terms and concepts
A bicycle, from the point of view of traffic rules, also refers to vehicles, and a cyclist riding it refers to drivers. But: when he drives a bicycle next to him, he automatically becomes a pedestrian again. A bicycle is a vehicle that is propelled by the muscular force of the driver’s legs, but may also have an electric motor with a power not exceeding 0.25 kW.
Only a space that is structurally separated from the carriageway for cars and from the sidewalk, indicated by the corresponding round signs (4.5.2. 4.5.7), is recognized as a cycle path. This is a separate element of the road, which can also have intersections with the carriageway and sidewalks. The edge of the asphalt behind the extreme continuous lane marked on the right edge of the carriageway is not considered a cycle path.
It happens, however, that this part of the road is marked with a square sign 5.14.2. This is a recent innovation in road traffic regulations. the so-called “cyclist lane”. It is designed for the movement of bicycles, mopeds and scooters.
Rules written specifically for cyclists
Since a bicycle is a vehicle and must move on the carriageway in the same direction as cars, the same rules apply to it. A cyclist must, together with cars, stop at a red traffic light, let pedestrians crossing the carriageway on a zebra crossing, etc. In addition, there is a list of requirements that apply specifically to cyclists when they move on the carriageway. Namely:
- you cannot go on the road with faulty brakes, steering wheel, sound signal (or without it at all);
- it is impossible not only to ride a bicycle against the direction of the movement of cars, but also to drive it alongside (in this case, the cyclist must still follow in the same direction with the general traffic flow);
- it is prohibited to drive on roads of the “motorway” category;
- it is forbidden to let go of the steering wheel and drive “without hands”;
- it is prohibited to carry a passenger on a bicycle while driving on the roadway (exceptions: a tandem bicycle; a special seat for a child under 7 years old);
- it is prohibited to carry cargo on a bicycle that protrudes beyond its dimensions of length or width by more than half a meter, or interferes with the control of the bicycle;
- it is forbidden to turn left or turn around if the road has more than one lane in one direction and (or) if there are tram tracks on it;
- you cannot tow another bike or other vehicle;
- it is forbidden to enter under the road sign 3.9: “The movement of bicycles is prohibited”.
Before turning or changing lanes, the cyclist is obliged to notify other road users in advance about this maneuver. Signals are given by hand. The left hand outstretched to the side corresponds to the left turn signal, and the right hand outstretched to the right turn signal. The rules DO NOT oblige to put on a special bicycle helmet when driving on the roadway. Anyway, bye.
The current picture from the old book: the cyclist informs about his change of lane.
Mandatory use of lighting devices and reflective elements
For driving in the dark or in conditions of insufficient visibility (in fog, for example), the bicycle must be equipped with the following lighting devices:
- white front headlight,
- red headlight (or reflector of the same color) at the rear,
- red or orange reflectors (reflectors). on each side of the bike.
As for the reflective vest, its use in the dark is not mandatory for cyclists, but the recommended rules. Those. the rules do not prescribe the cyclist to put on such a vest, but only advise him to put it on, or use reflective elements. flickers. on ordinary clothes.
As already mentioned at the beginning, cyclists under the age of 14 are prohibited from entering the carriageway, and its side as well. And cyclists under 7 years old are not allowed to ride on bike paths either. They are instructed to ride only in pedestrian zones, parks and courtyards.
Safe driving on the road. in the hands of the cyclist
The rules are rules, but the cyclist himself can make his trips along the city streets as safe as possible for himself and those around him. To do this, you need to monitor the good technical condition of your “two-wheeled friend”. Be collected and attentive on the road, react quickly to changes in the situation.
Maintain the speed that is optimal for a particular traffic flow, maintain a distance and lateral interval, do not risk trying to “slip through”. It has long been known that it is safest to drive at approximately the same speed as your own traffic flow. Driving too slowly will interfere with vehicles as they are forced to maneuver around the cyclist. This is especially problematic on narrow road sections, where passing with passing and oncoming vehicles is difficult. However, high speed will be optimal only if all other vehicles are also moving quickly.
It is necessary to ensure good visibility of the bike and yourself for other road users. If possible, wear bright clothes. Remember to give hand signals when making turns and changing lanes. When driving onto sidewalks, curbs and exits from them, the wheel must be set straight, at a right angle. So that it does not slip and the bike is not “carried away” to the side, followed by a fall. Before entering the curb, the steering wheel must be slightly pulled up with your hands. Otherwise, if the curb is high enough, a fall will be inevitable.
When choosing routes for a trip, it is better, if possible, to lay them on urban roads with low traffic and low average vehicle speeds. It is possible, but not worth it, to drive often or a lot on streets with heavy traffic. Where cars travel at a high average speed, which the cyclist is unable to maintain; on wide multi-lane roads with interchanges and overpasses. In those places where cars are constantly rushing at a speed of 60. 80 km / h and more, even in the extreme right lane, great with its maximum 30. 40 km / h is completely inappropriate and even dangerous.
Of course, an experienced cyclist will ride everywhere, but the safety of such trips will no longer be so high. And the exhaust gases will have to be inhaled much more.
There is no need to huddle to the side of the road or drive along it, bouncing on bumps, so that hurrying motorists do not waste time on detouring the bike. Yes, you need to drive as far to the right as possible, but at the same time make sure that there is normal asphalt under the wheels. The cyclist is also a full participant in the movement.
over, there is such a psychological moment. the driver of the car will always try to infiltrate at speed between the cyclist who is strongly “pressing towards the edge” and the occupied second lane. As a result, on a narrow road with heavy traffic, it becomes simply dangerous to push too hard to the edge. Since the cars will literally pass the cyclist very tightly, without slowing down. It is better to take a position that is understandable for everyone on the road, “with a margin” from its edge, so that motorists do not have harmful desires. But, of course, if a whole cavalcade of cars is already accumulating behind a cyclist who is not traveling fast, then you need to pull over and let those in need.
If the trip is planned for a long enough. to the other end of the city, then it will not be superfluous to look into the current weather forecast. And if necessary. take with you “just in case” a light cellophane raincoat.
You cannot leave your bike unattended, even for a couple of minutes. A cable lock costs a penny, does not interfere with trips at all, and you can use them to fasten your bike to the parking lot, or to some kind of railings, post, etc. a matter of a few seconds. over: if the bike is supposed to be regularly left for a long time (for several hours), then it is better to buy a metal U-shaped lock at all. It cannot be broken with pliers, but sawing with a hacksaw much longer than a cable lock.