How to remove a bike fork with a shock absorber

Required tools

To replace the plug, a set of the following tools will become necessary:

  • Pliers.
  • Screwdriver.
  • Gas wrench.
  • Wrench.
  • Hexagon.
  • Small hammer.
  • Flat sharp object.

How to disassemble a bicycle suspension fork?

To disassemble the forks from bikes equipped with shock absorption, you will need to take several other steps.

First, you will need to remove the plug:

  • Dismantling the brake caliper, disc brake hydraulic lines, fenders. If a V-brake is installed, then it must also be dismantled, just like the speed sensor directed from the bike computer.
  • The bolts fixing the stem of the steering tube and the anchor of the fork must be removed.
  • The stem is neatly removed. This action is carried out with great care so as not to damage the hose.
  • Removing the spacer rings and guide cone (sleeve). A screwdriver is carefully inserted into the cuts, and the rings, one after the other, pry off.
  • The upper rolling ring with the upper bearing must be removed.
  • It is necessary to remove the steering tube from the glass.
  • By loosening the eccentric or unscrewing the fixing bolts, it will be possible to further remove the bearing with the removal of the lower rolling ring.
  • Removing the front wheel.
  • Plug removed.

After all mechanisms (bearings, cups, steering tube, rolling rings) have been removed, they must be cleaned of old grease with a rag. The parts will be treated with new grease during installation.

Now you can start disassembling the suspension fork itself:

  • The fork must be turned over and the bolts of its fastening must be unscrewed.
  • The legs of the fork must be freed from the pants and the oil seals must be removed.
  • Used grease should be removed from all visible and easily accessible surfaces of parts, including fork cuffs and pants themselves.
  • With little effort, the lower travel stops and stops of the stops themselves are pulled from the rods.
  • At each fork leg, it will be necessary to unscrew the adjustment. An adjustable wrench is useful for this.
  • The springs are removed along with the caps and elastomers, after which it is necessary to get the rods located in each leg.
  • It is necessary to remove the old grease coating from the surface of all parts of the fork.

Now you can start to renew the lubricant.

How to disassemble a bicycle fork

Maintenance: DIY bike front fork repair

The front shock absorber is fully responsible for how comfortable and comfortable your bike is controlled, whether, for example, there are any vibrations that give off in the wrist.

The main purpose of dismantling a bicycle fork is to clean, lubricate and refill with fresh oil. Due to the regular carrying out of such procedures, you can significantly increase the life of the part.

How to remove rust from MTB front shock absorber

  • Choose clothes that you won’t mind getting dirty, prepare old rags, cover your work surface with newspapers, working with oil is a dirty business;
  • Prepare the necessary tools;
  • Buy replacement oil.

How to disassemble?

Now we will consider the process of parsing the fork itself, in our case. the spring.

  • It is necessary to unscrew the lower mounting bolts and unscrew the bolt that controls the spring;
  • Remove the elastomer that limits the spring travel;
  • Unscrew the bolts and remove the pants to pull out the oil seals and drain the oil.

This concludes the process of disassembling a bicycle fork. It is important to carefully examine all the elements that appeared in front of you for cracks and deformations, lubricate the springs, and then carefully reassemble in the reverse order. Be careful on your first ride and gradually develop the fork.

As you can see, disassembling the plug is not the most difficult job, but carrying it out can extend its service life for some time. Bicycle spring fork repair, how to disassemble and lubricate. there is a lot of information about this on professional forums on the network.

remove, bike, fork, shock, absorber

When we say a bicycle fork, we often think of a front shock. But modern bike models are also equipped with a rear shock absorber, which also needs care.

How to remove and install the plug. step by step instructions

The first step is to get rid of the front wheel. To do this, turn the bike upside down. Release rim brakes by swinging out the clamping bow. With the discs, you can immediately start removing the wheel. Wings and other devices are immediately removed.

We put the bike in the usual position. Now you need to pull out the steering wheel and remove the plug from the glass:

Unscrew the steering pin fasteners or anchor bolt completely.

The steering wheel is carefully removed from the fork. You can immediately wipe the pipe with a soft cloth.

Use a thin sharp object (screwdriver or office knife) to pry the retaining metal washer over the glass.

Use the same tool to press out the gasket under the washer. As soon as the ring comes off the edge of the glass, gently pull it out with your hands.

Raise the frame and carefully pull the fork out from below. Why? To avoid damaging or losing bearings.

Next, you need to separate the crown from the stem. To do this, it is necessary to knock out the connecting ring on which the steering column bearing rests.

Carefully use a thin sharp object and a hammer to separate the ring from the edge of the fork. This completes the removal process.

How is the rear shock absorber?

The rear shock absorber is a spring (spring) and a damper. in fact, the device that dampens rolling and vibrations. It looks like an oil or air cartridge, depending on the type.

The rear shock absorber is responsible for minimizing stress on your spine while riding over rough terrain. The level and quality of the damper, as well as its price, depend precisely on its ability to damp. that is, to absorb.

The process of disassembling and removing the rear shock is similar to disassembling the front forks.

We turn the bike over, we begin to remove the wheel. We unscrew the threaded locking wheel and see that there is a rear sprocket. a ratchet or a cassette, depending on the type. Most likely you have cassette hubs.

READ  How to disassemble a rear sprocket on a bicycle

The main challenge is to carefully and carefully remove the sprocket and bushing. After that, you can safely remove the rear shock absorber.

However, if you remove the rear shock absorber not for the purpose of prevention, but for the purpose of repair, and you want, for example, to eliminate the squeak or rattle, then you are unlikely to find the reason and you will have to contact the service in any case.

Remember, you can always entrust the repair and maintenance of the front spring forks to a professional. They will help you disassemble and lubricate your bike forks. But, for example, the very maintenance of a bicycle’s front spring-loaded shock absorber is a process that is important to understand for anyone who cares about their two-wheeled vehicle.

DIY bike repair. video instructions will help you complete any task.

ebike fork replacement

Step-by-step instruction

Before proceeding with disassembly and removal, it is necessary to set the bike with the wheels upwards, while the position of the bike must be stable.

Now you can start disassembling:

  • To release the rim brakes, first of all, the clamping bow must be folded back.
  • Removing a wheel with brake discs.
  • Removing the wings.
  • The bike must be turned over and installed on wheels.
  • Removing the handlebar with a stem by releasing the side bolts.
  • Removing the steering tube by unscrewing the anchor bolt mounts.
  • Removing the steering tube from the fork. Additionally, it will be necessary to clean the tube with a rag.
  • The fixing metal washer, located above the glass, is removed with a screwdriver or a thin knife. You need to pry the part very carefully.
  • The sealing gasket under the washer is pressed out using the same tools (screwdriver, knife) until the ring moves away from the edge of the glass.
  • Removing the rings with your hands.
  • Lifting the frame, it is necessary to carefully remove the fork from the bottom so that you do not have to later collect the bearings all over the floor.
  • Using a hammer and a screwdriver, the connecting ring is carefully knocked out, on which the steering column bearing lies, after which the crown is separated from the stem.
  • Plug removed.

This step-by-step guide will only apply to shock-absorbing bike models.

After the plug is removed, you can start disassembling it:

  • Using a hex key, the lower mounting bolts are unscrewed and the bolt is unscrewed, which is responsible for fastening the spring.
  • Elastomer limiting the spring is being removed.
  • To remove the oil seals and drain the used oil, it is necessary to unscrew the bolts and remove the pants. You should carefully consider what exactly will flow out of them. water, dirt or oil.
  • Removing anthers from the pants (you need a screwdriver) and bashings, which are removed only by turning around the axial.
  • All parts and mechanisms are inspected for damage. cracks and deformation, followed by washing in kerosene.
  • Spring lubrication work is in progress. It is better to choose a thick lubricant.

After completing all these simple steps, you can start collecting the plug.

Taking care of your fork is the key to its health

Bicycle fork should be lubricated once a season, but with heavy use this procedure may be necessary more often. The process of lubricating a spring-elastomer fork is extremely simple: oil is poured with a syringe under the boot, then the fork is developed, and the remaining lubricant is removed with a soft cloth. Teflon grease is best applied to the feet near the oil seals (aerosol grease is increasingly being used).

Among the best lubricants, masters call silicone and transparent greases.

It is equally important to keep the forks clean: be sure to wipe the legs of the forks near the boots after each bike ride to avoid dirt getting into the oil and impairing the proper functioning of the bike.

Adjusting the bike fork begins with setting the sag, then rebound (if its adjustment is provided), under which the low-speed and high-speed compression will be adjusted. Experts note that the adjustment should be carried out in stages: you made one change. you checked the progress of the bike with a walk, only then change the next parameter. If you do not adhere to this recommendation, then the owner risks missing out on the difference in travel and lubricating the effect of the fork adjustment.

TIP! You need to start the fork adjustment process from the neutral position: half set rebound, compression arrows unscrewed completely counterclockwise.

How to assemble a bike fork?

The assembly of the plug takes place in the reverse order of the parsing process and it is impractical to describe it additionally. The main thing is to carefully follow the order of the described procedures.

How to assemble a bike fork?

The assembly of the plug takes place in the reverse order of the parsing process and it is impractical to describe it additionally. The main thing is to carefully follow the order of the described procedures.

Maintenance, its and frequency

A routine inspection helps prevent serious problems from occurring, but it is not enough to keep your bike performing well. It also requires constant care, which consists in:

  • cleaning and lubricating the feet in the oil seals (every 100–150 km);
  • disassembly and full lubrication of oil seals (after passing 500-1000 km);
  • oil change in oil forks (at least once a year).

It is recommended to lubricate the bicycle fork at least once a season, but if the vehicle is used intensively, this should be done more often.

  • Pour oil under the boot. use a syringe for this procedure.
  • Design a fork to spread the oil evenly.
  • Wipe off excess grease.

In addition to lubrication, maintenance also includes maintaining cleanliness. To prevent dust from entering the oil after the next trip, the legs of the fork in the area of ​​the anthers should be thoroughly wiped with a soft cloth.

Internal organization

Having disassembled the front and rear shock absorbers, it is easy to determine the internal arrangement of the parts, including the springs and the damper. Thanks to the springs while cycling, shock loads are reduced to nothing, even if the terrain is uneven and the speed of movement is off scale. Dampers, in turn, dampen vibrations, provide stability and stabilize the vehicle on the road.

Dampers are always found on mountain bikes and speed bikes designed for cycling. Such devices are necessary if travel includes passing a route with bumps and pits. For this reason, you will not see shock absorbers on road and road bikes. But if a cyclist wants to retrofit a two-wheeled bike, he can do-it-yourself front and rear forks.

Removing the fork from a bike?

To remove the fork from the bike for subsequent maintenance or complete replacement, it is necessary to turn the bike upside down, release the brake (if it is a rim brake) and remove the front wheel. At the second stage, the steering wheel with the stem is removed, then the steering tube.

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After that, we remove the plug, it is extremely important not to lose the balls from the bearings. Then the support tapered ring is removed from the fork stem (usually using a sharp measure, gently squeezing it from all sides)

Then we have a plug ready for service.

Individual users are advised to sort out even new, just purchased forks, explaining this by the need for individual debugging of the element.

How to disassemble a bicycle fork (using the example of a spring-electric fork) read below:

This completes the fork disassembly process and begins the process of caring for the parts received: a thorough inspection of the elements for damage, cracks and other things is necessary, thoroughly rinse with kerosene and lubricate the elements that need it

It is important to lubricate the springs with heavy grease for best fork performance.

How often do you need to inspect

When properly selected, set up and cared for, a bicycle fork significantly reduces the stress placed on your hands and arms while riding. In addition, if it is in good technical condition, it increases controllability and increases the life of the bearings (after all, in this case, they suffer from vibrations much less). And the bike frame will last much longer.

It is important to remember that without leaving the fork will quickly become unusable, and the price for a new one is quite high

Mandatory inspection of a bicycle fork includes the following:

  • Every 100-150 km. inspection, lubrication of the fork legs on the oil seals.
  • After 500-1000 km, you need to disassemble and lubricate the oil seals. It is imperative that the pants of the fork are inspected for cracks and damage.
  • If your type of plug is oil, then every year you need an oil change (or after overcoming 4-5 thousand kilometers).

But before parsing the plug, you need to decide what type it is.

Taking care of your fork is the key to its health

Bicycle fork should be lubricated once a season, but with heavy use this procedure may be necessary more often. The process of lubricating a spring-elastomer fork is extremely simple: oil is poured with a syringe under the boot, then the fork is developed, and the remaining lubricant is removed with a soft cloth. Teflon grease is best applied to the feet near the oil seals (aerosol grease is increasingly being used).

Among the best lubricants, masters call silicone and transparent greases.

It is equally important to keep the forks clean: be sure to wipe the legs of the forks near the boots after each bike ride to avoid dirt getting into the oil and impairing the proper functioning of the bike.

Adjusting the bike fork begins with setting the sag, then rebound (if its adjustment is provided), under which the low-speed and high-speed compression will be adjusted. Experts note that the adjustment should be carried out in stages: you made one change. you checked the progress of the bike with a walk, only then change the next parameter. If you do not adhere to this recommendation, then the owner risks missing out on the difference in travel and lubricating the effect of the fork adjustment.

TIP! You need to start the fork adjustment process from the neutral position: half set rebound, compression arrows unscrewed completely counterclockwise.

How to assemble a bike fork?

The assembly of the plug takes place in the reverse order of the parsing process and it is impractical to describe it additionally. The main thing is to carefully follow the order of the described procedures.

Bicycle fork: remove, disassemble, assemble, install

  • cleaning and lubricating the feet on the oil seals. every 100-150 km of the distance traveled;
  • inspection for cracks in the pants of the fork, lubrication of oil seals with disassembly. every 500-1000 km;
  • for oil forks. oil changes annually or after 4000-5000 km of travel.

Among the tools necessary for working with a bicycle fork are a screwdriver, pliers, a wrench, a small adjustable gas wrench; taking into account the specifics of working with oil, it is advised to stock up on rags or rags, in addition, work can be performed with gloves to protect hands from damage and pollution.

Bicycle fork maintenance and repair

With the advent of your two-wheeled friend, life is filled not only with bright moments of walks in the park or long trips out of town with friends, but also with routine bike care. One can hear objections: they say that qualified specialists who understand what and what is in a complex bicycle device should be engaged in repair and maintenance. But besides this, you need to understand that this vehicle will require constant care and attention. Well, do not run to the master every week to lubricate the fork or check the rear shock absorber? There are a lot of little things in bicycle maintenance, which are best done by yourself: not only reliably, but also cheaply.

How to replace a fork on a bicycle?

It is not recommended for an untrained and inexperienced user to carry out: if it is possible to cope with simple care, then it is better to leave such a procedure to a qualified specialist. As a last resort, carry out the replacement under the supervision of the master, following his recommendations.

Is it worth it to repair a bicycle fork yourself??

Of course, without the appropriate experience and skills in repairing bicycles, it is better not to take risks and turn to competent specialists. But over time, every cyclist who is more or less interested in his vehicle begins to understand the intricacies, remember the name of the parts and their functions, and feel the root of the problems. Therefore, over time, even such a difficult thing as repairing a plug can become an easy procedure.

Difficulties may arise due to the design features of the fork itself or its breakage.

As a rule, the owners are divided into two types: some prefer to ride a bike until all systems fail and it will be impossible to save such a patient, others carefully monitor the condition of the bike and prevent any breakdowns.

Removing the fork from a bike?

To remove the fork from the bike for subsequent maintenance or complete replacement, it is necessary to turn the bike upside down, release the brake (if it is a rim brake) and remove the front wheel. At the second stage, the steering wheel with the stem is removed, then the steering tube.

After that, we remove the plug, it is extremely important not to lose the balls from the bearings. Then the support tapered ring is removed from the fork stem (usually using a sharp measure, gently squeezing it from all sides). Then we have a plug ready for service.

Individual users are advised to sort out even new, just purchased forks, explaining this by the need for individual debugging of the element.

How to disassemble a bicycle fork (using the example of a spring-electric fork) read below:

    it is necessary to unscrew the lower mounting bolts using hexagons;

Preload spring force adjusting bolt.

This completes the fork disassembly process and begins the process of caring for the parts received: a thorough inspection of the elements for damage, cracks and other things is necessary, thoroughly rinse with kerosene and lubricate the elements that need it. It is important to lubricate the springs with heavy grease for best fork performance.

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Rear shock absorber: care features

Saying a shock absorber for a bicycle, 9 out of 10 people imagine a bicycle fork. They’re partly right, but a fork is a front shock, while a bike might also have a rear shock. A bike equipped with front and rear shock absorbers is called two-suspension.

If unforeseen difficulties arise with the shock absorber, for example, a creak or other extraneous sounds, then it will be quite difficult to find the cause on your own. As a trial option, it is advised to lubricate it with silicone aerosol, but if the creak persists, then the reason is most likely deeper, and the bike needs to be examined by a master.

  • It is more convenient to maintain and repair the plug using a special holder.
  • What cycling tools every self-respecting cyclist should have
  • Learn how to adjust shock absorbers on a bicycle from the article
remove, bike, fork, shock, absorber

How to remove a bicycle fork

To start servicing the bike part in question, you need to remove it from the vehicle. This work takes place in several stages:

  • Turn the bike over and remove the front wheel. If the vehicle has rim brakes, you will need to release the brake first.
  • Removable stem with stem and head tube.
  • The bicycle fork itself is removed, then the support conical ring must be removed from its rod.

Note: when removing the bicycle fork, you need to be careful not to lose the bearings, otherwise, they will have to be completely replaced. Professionals recommend removing and disassembling the part in question even from a new vehicle. you will need to adjust it individually.

It is not enough just to remove the bike fork; you will need to disassemble it for full service. To do this simply follow the step-by-step instructions:

  • using hexagons, the lower mounting bolts are unscrewed;
  • a special bolt is unscrewed, which regulates the spring force. At this stage, you need to pay attention to its adjustment;
  • gets the elastomer. this part limits the spring travel, but in some cases it can be cut;
  • the bolts are unscrewed and the pants of the bicycle fork are removed. This process is accompanied by the leakage of oil, dirt and water, so spread out either rags or newspapers;
  • the oil seals are removed from the pants. for this you need a screwdriver, and if necessary, get the bolsters, you just need to turn them around their axis.

Every part of the bicycle fork must be cleaned of dirt (it is more convenient to do this with the help of special cleaners or solvents) and inspected for damage. If cracks, chips or severe abrasions are noted, then the parts must be replaced.

Note: when examining the components of a bicycle fork, you will need to treat them with special grease, and it is advisable to use thick grease for the spring.

How to remove a mountain bike fork and headset

The assembly of the plug is carried out in the reverse order. there is nothing daunting in the process, you must strictly follow the sequence of actions.

Note: if you have to replace a bicycle fork assembly, then it is advisable to entrust this work to professionals, or to carry out the work yourself, but under the guidance of a master.

DIY bike fork repair

Many bike owners believe that the repair and maintenance of a vehicle should be done by professionals. But regular maintenance of some parts of the bike means doing work quite often, do you really have to ask for help every time? Professionals say that much of the maintenance and repair of a bicycle can be done with your own hands. this includes repairing a fork.

Regular fork maintenance

To avoid buying a new bicycle fork, you need to know the rules for caring for this part of the vehicle. Professionals recommend that you familiarize yourself with some of the nuances:

  • Lubricate your bike fork regularly. at least once a season. over, the process of processing a spring-elastomer fork is simple: the lubricant is applied under the boot with a syringe, and then (after the development of the fork) the excess material is removed with a rag. It is advisable to apply Teflon grease, which is sold in aerosols, to the fork leg oil seals.
  • If you have to choose a lubricant for a bicycle fork, then you should heed the advice of the masters. the best lubricants today include transparent greases and silicone.
  • It is important to keep the part of the bike in question clean. after each ride, it is necessary to wipe the legs of the forks near the anthers from dirt and dust.
  • Fork adjustments also need to be made frequently. First, the sag is set, and then the rebound (in the event that its adjustment is technologically provided at all). high-speed and low-speed compression will be adjusted for them.

Note: bike fork adjustment should be done in stages. after making each change, you need to check the stroke in action, and then proceed to the next change.

Bicycle fork maintenance

When correctly selected and adjusted, the fork relieves stress from the cyclist’s hands, improves vehicle handling, and reduces vibration, which extends the life of the bike frame and steering bearings. The cost of bicycle forks is quite high, but competent and regular maintenance of this part can extend the service life several times.

What actions must be taken for a bicycle fork:

  • after 5,000 km of travel in oil forks, you need to completely change the consumable;
  • after 100-150 km of travel, it is required to clean and lubricate the oil seals on the fork legs;
  • every 500-1,000 km you need to inspect the fork pants for cracks, chips and disassemble the oil seals to replace the lubricant.

To service the bike fork in comfort, you need to prepare:

  • small adjustable wrench;
  • pliers;
  • screwdrivers;
  • wrench;
  • rags and gloves. dirty work.

Rear shock absorber care

Most cyclists think of a fork when they mention a rear shock, and they are partially right. a bicycle fork is a front shock. But there are also such designs of a two-wheeled vehicle, which are equipped with two shock absorbers. the bicycle is called in this case two-suspension.

The rear shock absorber also needs regular maintenance. in particular, it needs to be lubricated at least once a season. Professionals recommend working with thick greases. they have a wide temperature range.

Note: If extraneous sounds appear in the rear shock absorber (for example, a creak when the bike is moving), then you can use aerosol lubricant. But if the sound does not disappear, then the master will be able to cope with this problem. you will need to carry out a full repair / replacement of the rear shock absorber.