How to pump up the wheels of a bicycle with a machine pump

The emergence

Initially, all vehicles had wooden wheels. And only at the end of the 19th century, a certain John Dunlop came up with the idea that inflatable rubber wheels are much more practical and more convenient. Therefore, he developed special protectors for his son’s bicycle, inside of which there was air. Periodically, the wheels required pumping, for which the nipple was invented. This is how a new word appeared in the history of transport development.

These parts began to be used not only for bicycle, but also for automobile wheels. Over time, varieties of these wonderful nuts appeared. We will talk about them.

How to Pump Up a Bike Tyre. Inflate or Blow Up a Bicycle Tire. Very Easy

Car He’s a Schroeder nipple. As the name suggests, this spool valve can be used on both bicycle and car wheels. over, the car spool makes the task of pumping up the wheels much easier. the auto pump tube fits perfectly to the cap. Spool diameter as standard. 8 mm. Used mainly on mountain bikes and downhills.
Bicycle nipple It is also called Presta. The most popular among his fellows. Such a spool valve is better at keeping the tire pressure, better designed. However, it is almost impossible to use an auto pump with it; you must have either a special nozzle or a pump designed for bicycles. Yes, and this type must be handled with the utmost care: the Presta bicycle spool is equipped with a very fragile valve that is easy to break even when pumping the chambers. Therefore, manufacturers often make it screw-in. Diameter. 6 mm.
Dunlop Something in between the other two types of spool valve. Outdated model. Fits only on children’s bicycles and retro bikes. The diameter of the hole is the same as that of the automotive counterpart. 8 mm.

In everyday life, the cyclist pays attention to the bicycle nipples only when the wheels need to be inflated. Therefore, special attention must be paid to the correct handling of the spool valve and pump.

Bicycle nipple

The nipple, in essence, is a nut, the essence of which boils down to the ability to inflate the wheels. And, oddly enough, it is he who is that indisputable link between the cyclist and the motorist. Why? The roots of this story go back to the 19th century.

How to inflate a wheel?

Automotive nipple If this sample of technical thought is installed on your iron horse, then it will not be difficult to inflate a tire either in the garage or on the road (if required). The fact is that the valve on such a device is universal and you can use any pump that is at hand for it.

What are we doing. The auto nipple is equipped with a special cap that keeps the pressure in the tires. It must be unscrewed and put in a conspicuous place. Now we install the pump head and fix it with a clamp (the clamp is parallel to the nipple). Now we gently blow air into the tire. The wheel rim always indicates how much pressure is acceptable for a given bike. Try not to go beyond these symbols, watch the pressure gauge on the pump. Done! We release the clamp, remove the pump and twist the cap into place. Everything, you can go further.

Presta This spool is fitted on all sports bikes. It is slightly smaller in diameter than an auto-nipple, but its length is much longer. from 42 to 80 mm versus 40. The main feature of the Presta is that the valve stem is on the outside, not on the inside. And a special nut is also attached to the cap, which additionally retains air in the tires. You should be aware that to pump air you will need either a bicycle pump or an auto pump with a special hole. Standard entrance will no longer work.

How to inflate a wheel. We start, as always, by unscrewing the cap and putting it in the touch zone (so as not to lose it). Now you need to unscrew the lock nut. And here you need to make a reservation: there is no need to completely remove it from the rod. It is enough to simply release the rod. It’s easy to check. press the valve with your finger and if air comes out of the wheel, then the job is done. Well, then the process is absolutely similar to the previous one, the car nipple: we install the pump, fix the clamp and, in portions, following the monometer, we supply air to the tire. Made by!

Dunlop Surprisingly, this type of valve looks very similar to an autonipple, but functionally. to Presta. Dunlop is practically not found on modern bicycles, but if you are a happy owner of a retro bike, then you need to pump up the wheel following the instructions for the Presta nipple.

  • Try not to lose the cap when inflating your tires. This small piece protects the nipple from dirt and prevents the tires from going down.

Important parameters

  • Models should be equipped with a foldable T-handle to make the appliance comfortable.
  • Required attribute. attachment to the frame. It should be comfortable and always at hand.
  • Buy devices with a pressure gauge that regulate the air pressure in the wheels.
  • Choose instruments with multiple attachments to accommodate the pump with different types of tires. Such a bicycle pump can be used to inflate car tires.
  • For the convenience of pumping the wheels, you will need a footrest.

How to pump up a bike with a car pump?

Most modern bike models are equipped with a car or Schrader nipple, which allows you to directly inflate the camera at regular gas stations.

Algorithm for pumping simple wheels with a car nipple

How to inflate a chamber without a pump

Not everyone knows that a standard chamber can be pumped without using a pump. Of course, to achieve optimal tire pressure, a constant flow of air will be required, but the minimum acceptable values ​​are quite achievable. Let’s consider several ways:

  • Inflating tires with a vacuum cleaner. Many models of the vacuum cleaner have a blowing mode, when activated, the air is not drawn in, but blown out. This function should be used to inflate the wheels. A flexible hose can be used to connect the device to the nipple. The more airtight this connection is, the more acceptable pressure indicators can be achieved, therefore, for greater sealing, any available means are used: clamps, rubber gaskets, pieces of fabric.
  • Compressor from bottles. You can also pump up the bike using two simple plastic bottles, one of which will act as a rod, and the other as a cylinder. First of all, you need to cut off the bottom of the bottle and use a thin hose to connect its neck to the outlet of the chamber. Then insert a second bottle into this structure and start pumping air into the hose through the cylinder. In order for the junction of the neck and the hose to be airtight, you need to coat it with a sealant or put a suitable rubber lining.
  • Inflating tires by mouth. This method will help out if the wheels are flat, and there is nothing in your arsenal for pumping them up. By removing the nipple, the bicycle wheel can be inflated like a balloon. However, this is not so easy to do, in addition, there is a risk of releasing all the air during the tightening of the nipple.

Although it is possible to inflate the tires of a bicycle without using a pump, this compact and easy-to-use device is best kept at your own disposal. Correctly pumped wheels are the key to a comfortable ride without unpleasant surprises in the form of broken tires or punctures.

Affecta Sport provides a wheel inflation service free of charge within the framework of any of the offered bicycle repair services.

Electric pumps

12-volt air compressors designed for car tires are also compatible with bicycle tires. A portable car starter battery can be used to power these units. Even custom 12-volt homemade electrical circuits, which are primarily made for bicycle lighting, can sometimes be used to power these pumps if they have a cigarette lighter socket.

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12-volt air compressor pumping up to 100 PSI

The main advantage of electric pumps is that the latest models take up less space than hand or foot versions. In fact, there will be plenty of space in the electric pump basket. This makes them suitable for use on well-equipped e-bikes.

Pressure control

It is important not only to know how to use a bicycle pump, but also to be able to control changes in air pressure. This can be done in several ways:

  • Using a pressure gauge, tracking the movement of the arrow.
  • If the pressure gauge is not connected to the pump, then periodically you will have to disconnect it and insert a measuring device into the nipple.
  • Feel the tire, while assessing its hardness.

The latter option must be performed even when using a pressure gauge. After all, the pressure in the pump during inflation may increase, and air will not enter the chamber at the same time. Accordingly, the readings of the pressure gauge will not correspond to reality and the wheel, as a result, will not be well inflated.

How to pump up a bicycle wheel with a hand pump: an algorithm of actions

Road bikes and some hybrid bikes are equipped with Presta thin nipple wheels. Such tires require extreme care in handling, as well as a special small volume pump, or an adapter for pumping bicycle wheels.

Inflation process

Every cyclist should know how to use a bicycle pump and be able to apply this knowledge in practice. To cope with this task, you need to perform a number of simple steps:

How To: Pump Up Your Bike Tires

  • Scroll the wheel until the nipple is at the bottom. This is if the bike is in an upright position. In the event that the transport is lying or the wheel is dismantled, then the location of the nipple does not matter.
  • Unscrew the cap.
  • Bleeding air from the tire, while holding the tongue from the nipple.
  • We insert the outlet pipe from the pump, and then turn the valve to the maximum level.
  • Install the pump in a vertical position.
  • We take the rod, lower and raise it with smooth movements, thus pumping air into the chamber.

How to pump up a bike with a car pump?

Most modern bike models are equipped with a car or Schrader nipple, which allows you to directly inflate the camera at regular gas stations.

Algorithm for pumping simple wheels with a car nipple

  • Release the nipple and insert the compressor connection
  • When using a universal pump, the jumper must be installed with its large end outward in the “auto nipple” position.
  • Close the front cover and connect the pump
  • In the process, monitor the pressure you need
  • How to inflate a bicycle wheel with a thin nipple Presta at a gas station
  • First of all, you need to install a special adapter at the output end of the tire.
  • Connect the compressor
  • When using a universal pump, the jumper must be put outward with the thin end
  • Pump several times until the required pressure is reached.

Methods of “pumpless” pumping of chambers

Is it possible to pump bicycle tubes without a pump? It is unlikely to reach the recommended pressure, since a regular supply of air under pressure is required, but you can reach the minimum values. Consider several methods of pumping the chambers that you can resort to without using a pump:

A vacuum cleaner. Many models are equipped with a blowing mode, when switched to which, air is blown out. A thin hose can be used to connect the wheel nipple. The result directly depends on the tightness of the connection between the hose and the nipple. Here you can use rubber pads, clamps and even rags.

Bottle pump. You will need two plastic bottles. One of them will serve as a cylinder, the other as a rod. Cut off the bottom of the first bottle and connect its neck through a thin hose to the chamber outlet. Next, insert the second bottle into it and pump air through the cylinder into the hose with progressive movements. For tightness, coat the connection of the neck and the hose with sealant or lay a rubber strip. You cannot create high pressure, but you can ride N-th distance on a bicycle.

A schematic representation of a bottle pump: 1. “rod”, 2. cylinder, 3. neck of the cylinder, 4. hose

The third way is to remove the nipple and inflate like a balloon. The method is fraught with difficulties in removing and installing it in its rightful place. It will be especially difficult to install back, since during this time all the air can be released.

An alternative tire pumping option is the bicycle air fork pump. It will take a long time to work, since this pump is designed for small volumes.

Despite the fact that a resourceful person will find a way out of any situation, it is recommended to have a special pump for inflating tires. Moderately inflated bicycle cameras are a guarantee of comfortable trips without unpleasant surprises in the form of a burst camera or damage to wheels.

Meanwhile, cyclists feel too little or too much pressure much more acutely. When the wheel is not inflated to the desired value, you have to apply more effort when driving. the contact area of ​​the tire with the surface increases. If the wheel is pumped too much, this is also not good, as it can lead to a defect in the camera or its explosion.

The tire pressure is checked with a pressure gauge. Usually, the pressure that is recommended for your bike or tires is indicated in the technical data sheet of the two-wheeled vehicle, or directly on the tire itself on the side (more often indicated in bars. bar, or pounds per square inch. PSI).

Pumps

A bicycle pump is a must have for every cyclist. There are several main types:

  • Bicycle hand pump;
  • Floor standing (known as car pumps);
  • Pumps with CO2 cylinders;
  • Forklift for shock absorbers or the so-called high pressure pump.

The owners of those bikes, in which the nipple on the tire fits the hoses of car compressors, are most fortunate. But when pumping the wheels in this way or using a compressor at a gas station, you need to constantly monitor the pressure gauge readings and pump with a series of short presses. the power of the car compressors will be enough to quickly pump a bicycle tire.

However, regardless of the type of nipple and the ability to use a car compressor, all cyclists are advised to have at least a hand pump with them on the road. They are small, compact, lightweight (made of plastic, aluminum or carbon), affordable and easy to use. They have mounts for mounting on a frame, and can also be carried in a. backpack or bag. On the market you can find a hand pump with a pressure gauge that is compatible with different types of nipple.

How to pump up a bicycle wheel with a hand pump

Meanwhile, cyclists feel too little or too much pressure much more acutely. When the wheel is not inflated to the desired value, you have to apply more effort when driving. the contact area of ​​the tire with the surface increases. If the wheel is pumped too much, this is also not good, as it can lead to a defect in the camera or its explosion.

The tire pressure is checked with a pressure gauge. Usually, the pressure that is recommended for your bike or tires is indicated in the technical data sheet of the two-wheeled vehicle, or directly on the tire itself on the side (more often indicated in bars. bar, or pounds per square inch. PSI).

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Third method. Woods valve

The third type of valve is the English Woods valves, or the name Dunlo is also found. These valves are most commonly used in Asia and Europe. Woods valves are larger than Schrader valves, but the mechanism and principle of operation are the same as in Presta valves.

Second method. Presta valve

French valve (Presta) or the Sclaverand name is commonly found on high-performance road bikes. Compared to the Schrader valve, this one is longer and narrower in diameter, and also have an external stem, which is covered with a cap, instead of being surrounded by a core.

Valve opening. To open the Presta valve, you need to unscrew the dust cap. Then you need to slightly loosen the brass cap on the valve stem, it will not be able to come out completely, and you will have to lift it up a little. If you want to check if the cap is loose, you just need to press the valve stem, and if you hear that the air comes out in sharp gusts, then this is a sign that you can stop.

Calculate the recommended tire pressure on your bike. This is, as a rule, a raised mark, which is located on the sidewall of the tire. Most often, these readings are written in bars or PSI. Do not let the pressure go to the bottom, as well as to the highest, which exceeds the maximum.

Inflate tires. Open the Presta valve by unscrewing the dust cap and loosening the smaller brass cap.

pump, wheels, bicycle, machine
  • Secure the pump to the valve. If the lever is near the nozzle, make sure it is in the open position (parallel to the nozzle) when you insert it into the valve; snap the lever all the way down (perpendicular to the nozzle) when it is inside the valve. Monitor PSI level when pumping.
  • Turn the lever up to remove the pump and screw the brass cap back in until it stops.
  • Replace dust cap.

To deflate a tire with a Presta valve, open the brass cap and push the spring-loaded valve stem until all the air is exhausted.

pump, wheels, bicycle, machine

Find the right pump

A common mistake cyclists make before inflating their wheels is choosing the wrong nozzle on the nipple. They try to put a nozzle on the machine nipple and vice versa. they try to put a nipple for the machine nipple on the machine nipple.

There are 2 types of nipples used in the production of bicycle tubes. a wide and flat at the end “shredder”, which is also used in car cameras, and a thin high nipple “Presta” with a lock nut. It often happens that even at the tire service they cannot help with pumping the wheels through the presta nipple. this requires a special adapter, which the tire service may not have.

Modern bicycle pumps are designed in such a way that they have a design that allows you to change the type of nipple nozzle in half a minute. This design is available for both portable pumps and large floor pumps with a hose.

How to pump up a bicycle wheel with a hand pump

Meanwhile, cyclists feel too little or too much pressure much more acutely. When the wheel is not inflated to the desired value, you have to apply more effort when driving. the contact area of ​​the tire with the surface increases. If the wheel is pumped too much, this is also not good, as it can lead to a defect in the camera or its explosion.

The tire pressure is checked with a pressure gauge. Usually, the pressure that is recommended for your bike or tires is indicated in the technical data sheet of the two-wheeled vehicle, or directly on the tire itself on the side (usually indicated in bars. bar, or pounds per square inch. PSI).

Pumps

A bicycle pump is a must have for every cyclist. There are several main types:

  • Bicycle hand pump;
  • Floor standing (known as car pumps);
  • Pumps with CO2 cylinders;
  • Forklift for shock absorbers or the so-called high pressure pump.

Most of all, the owners of those bikes are fortunate in which the nipple on the tire fits the hoses of the car compressors. But when pumping the wheels in this way or using a compressor at a gas station, you need to constantly monitor the pressure gauge readings and pump with a series of short presses. the power of the car compressors will be enough to quickly pump a bicycle tire.

However, regardless of the type of nipple and the ability to use a car compressor, all cyclists are advised to have at least a hand pump with them on the road. They are small, compact, lightweight (made of plastic, aluminum or carbon), affordable and easy to use. They have mounts for mounting on a frame, and can also be carried in a. backpack or bag. On the market you can find a hand pump with a pressure gauge that is compatible with different types of nipple.

How to pump with a hand pump?

To pump a bicycle wheel with a hand pump, you will have to stock up on time and effort. Due to the small air chamber of this type of apparatus, it is necessary to perform 200-300 strokes, depending on the volume of the chamber. In this sense, double-acting hand pumps are effective, which pump air both when the piston moves down and when the piston moves up.

Remember, the right pressure is the key to a pleasant bike ride. After all, the speed, and ride comfort, and the mechanical condition of your bike as a whole depend on this. Check your wheels periodically to keep your ride safe.

How to pump up a wheel with a bicycle pump

Hey! My name is Darina, I am an illustrator and graphic designer, recently I was fond of cycling around the city and now I am writing about my experience in It’s my! Bike. When I was 10 years old, I rode a bicycle in the country. it was my only and favorite transport to fly through the fields and get to friends, dash away from a scary abandoned house or quickly drive home under an owl ooh in the dark. Probably like many. After that, for 12 years, I almost never used a bicycle (but secretly dreamed of going to the market and to work with a wicker basket and in a skirt). in the center I was scared to drive next to cars, and on the sidewalks it was unbearably slow. Everything changed when I fell in love, and my friend, and now my husband, gave me a blue road bike and for the first week accompanied me on all my routes. in the morning to work, in the evening for salsa, on weekends to explore the markets and bike paths, because I was alone it’s so scary to drive next to the humming cars! When I got used to it and felt right on the road, just like the driver of the car, I realized that there is no better transport, and now I talk about how life changes when you ride a bike (go to the nearest park for lunch from work, overtake the traffic jam. get Pavlova’s posture, improve concentration). In addition, I was so impressed by Copenhagen, which has more bicycles than pigeons, that I would like it to be the same in Russia. Every day I choose a bike and tell you why.

When I ride my bike, it rarely happens to me that the wheels are flat and I need to pump them up: every morning I go out with a pump to the yard where my bike lives and check the elasticity of the wheels. I check them ingenuously. I feel the tire around the entire circumference and if it bends somewhere, then you need to tone it up.

Pumping a wheel with a hand pump is not difficult, and even mischievous. you immediately remember how in the country before you drive away for the whole day you quickly and quickly pump up your bike and fly out of the yard with a bullet.

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I spin the wheel so that the nipple (the very process on the wheel) is on the side. Almost all modern pumps have two holes. a larger and a smaller one for two types of nipples, I think you will see which one suits you.

I unscrew the nipple cap, put the pump on it, lower the pump lever down and fill the tire with air (almost morning exercises are obtained, especially if you swing not only with my hands, but with my whole body weight). Now we snap the lever back, remove the pump and tighten the cap on the nipple. Finally you can rush on business.

I try to find a balance in this matter. if I don’t finish it, then it’s hard to drive, and I’m angry that the wheel is almost dragging on the asphalt, I have to apply a lot of effort, and the wheel is rubbing. If you are pumping, then the tire may burst from the glass or jumping onto the curb. There is no ideal recipe, as in luck, with inflating the wheels, but on the side of the wheels is written the maximum to which you can pump the tires. Most pumps have a pressure gauge and it is better to choose a pump with it, because there you will see exactly how much more you need to pump up the wheel for an easy ride.

Pumps with a pressure gauge are available on the It’s my! Bike website

How to inflate a wheel without a pump?

What to do? Take advantage of modern developments and pump up the chamber not with air, but with carbon dioxide, CO2.

How to do it? It is very easy and simple: to take a special pump, which does not even look like a pump, but is an ordinary compact small can with CO2 pumped into it under pressure and an adapter for a Schrader valve (car type) or Presta (bicycle nipple).

In general terms, the option looks like this:

But there are different interpretations on the topic: with larger cans, more beautiful design, and so on.

After all, a CO2 cartridge is just carbon dioxide pressurized into a compact container. There is no fundamental difference in what you pump into the tire of your bike, there is no difference. air from the environment, nitrogen or CO2.

At the same time, the tire inflation rate is simply phenomenal. Five to ten seconds. and the tire is inflated! In the example, of course, a small road camera is used, but from the practice of using such a device, it can be argued that even a medium-sized cylinder of 16 grams can easily be enough to inflate a 26 “wheel of a country bicycle with a fairly wide tire and a spacious chamber to a pressure of more than 3.5 atmospheres.

And a 25-gram can is enough, most likely, already for one tire of a newfangled fat bike, especially since the pressure there needs very little. Probably seen such bicycles with very thick tires.

How much does such a set cost??

As we said earlier, with an adapter and a balloon. But we advise you to purchase more advanced options, with a pressure control valve. with its help, having pumped up the required pressure, you will not waste the leftovers and will be able to use them in the future at the next puncture (the main thing is, do not forget to take a spare cylinder on your next trip).

It’s also nice if the adapter is threaded. All pressure will go to the chamber and not to the environment.

The cans themselves also cost different amounts of money. As you can see, three cartridges for 16 grams of C02 will cost around 350 rubles. For 25 grams. 750 rubles for three cartridges in a set. Provided that you still need to manage to pierce three times during the cycling season, these pressure stores will last for a long time.

If you want to take it to a more advanced level, here are a few features that can help make your device more comfortable to use:

Pressure gauge. So that you know how much CO2 has gone into the tire (the thing is certainly handy, especially when you first get to know the device).

A shroud or sleeve to protect your hand and fingers from the hypothermic fitting. Even frost will appear on the metal when the device is in operation. You can get cold burns (frostbite). However, you can work with the device with gloves.

How to get rid of a bulky pump on long trips or how to inflate a wheel without a pump?

A pump for long bike rides is a very important thing, and cyclists taught by their own bitter experience know that it is even irreplaceable! Who will help if a wheel puncture occurs on a bike trip or just far from home? And in general, what to do in this case?

Experienced cyclists or cyclists who are not accustomed to winding circles around the house will give you the following tips if you ask them to:

Take self-adhesive patches with you. 2. Take a spare wheel tube with you if you are going on a bike trip for several days, with an overnight stay.

Repairs with patches can be done without removing the wheel. it is enough to identify the puncture and disassemble the tire, pull out the tube and reach the hole to fix the problem. However, do not forget to bring a set of hex keys and an open-end wrench in your backpack to help you remove the wheel. if you need to replace the camera with a new one.

Take the pump with you. But there are some problems here. The first is that, as a rule, powerful bicycle pumps, although not very large compared to car foot analogs, are nevertheless not quite convenient for transportation.

Especially considering that you will have to use them, at best, twice a season, the rest of the time the device will lie in ballast in a backpack or hang on the frame of your bike, and this is extra weight, the competent distribution of which in long exhausting trips literally on weight of gold.

The second problem is diametrically opposite. Compact hand-held bicycle pumps are really small and lightweight. But you will damn everything in the world while you pump a tire that has deflated to zero with such a pump. Perhaps you can catch up with the atmosphere, but then everything will be very, very difficult. It’s just a hell of a job pumping a tire with such a pump. Whoever tried it will understand. In general, a half measure and in some cases will not be suitable for full use.

Instructions for use again:

Connect the bottle to the pump adapter. 2. Screw / slide the pump head onto the nipple. 3. Press down the trigger (if equipped with a valve) or press it against the nipple. 4. Monitor tire inflation. It should be well fenced, and the camera should not bite anywhere between the tire bead and the rim, otherwise you will have a sudden and very unpleasant surprise in the form of a strong BAM!

P. S. By the way, some manufacturers recommend not driving on carbon dioxide for a long time. It passes through the rubber faster and escapes from the chamber. Option is to deflate it and pump air.

P. P. S. Perhaps, in the case of carbon dioxide, tubeless tires on a bicycle will help. The rubber is thicker there, which means there will be less pressure etching, and it is definitely more difficult to puncture on a tubeless. Not bad as an option!