How to customize the bike for yourself correctly?
Setting up your bike properly begins before you buy it. Ideal proportions for both men and women are one to two inches between frame and crotch when standing over the frame and one to two inches between the ground and tire when holding the bike by the frame. The thickness of the sole of the shoe matters when adjusting the height of the bike. Wear shoes with the same thickness of the sole as when you fitted them. If you buy a bike on the Internet, below we will describe how to make the right choice.
Steering wheel. Usually, if the bike is not the cheapest category, there are marks on the handlebar itself, on which you can turn the handlebar along the longitudinal axis. The angle of rotation depends on the proportions of the cyclist and the length of his body. The more stretched the torso, the greater the steering angle should be set. Exceeding the angle is highly discouraged: this way your hands will be twisted and injuries cannot be avoided.
The brake levers must be installed in such a way that the maximum force can be exerted even with one finger of the hand. When fully pressed, the brake lever should not rest on the fingers remaining on the handlebar grip. If it rests, you should tighten the brake cable if you have rim brakes, or pump up more pressure in the hydraulic brakes. Leave some free play in the brake lever. Keep your fingers on the brake lever unhindered. If, when trying to raise the index finger on the brake lever, it rests against it, then the handle should be moved further away from the grip and change the angle relative to the ground so that the finger quickly falls on it. This is very important and will allow you to avoid unpleasant situations when you cannot brake in time. The speed switch on the steering wheel should not rest on your fingers, your fingers should stretch a little towards the switch. this will avoid chafing and discomfort during active driving.
Saddle. As a rule, the rider at first always feels discomfort in the area of the “fifth point” with a run of 10-15 km. If the seat is adjusted correctly, the discomfort disappears. However, even at the setup stage, you can feel whether it is comfortable to sit, whether there are any unpleasant sensations. Setting the correct saddle height is achieved with the help of a friend 🙂 Ask him to hold the bike upright while you are sitting on it. Place your foot on the pedal in the lowest position. In this case, the leg should be almost completely straightened, by about 80-90%. This adjustment will help prevent knee pain. Saddle adjustment. one of the most important bike adjustments. Many novice cyclists suffer from knee pain, which can even lead to arthritis. Treat saddle height adjustments responsibly. You must not touch the ground with both feet when sitting in the seat.
The position of the saddle in relation to the handlebars. Here, too, you cannot do without a friend 🙂 Sit on the bike and make sure that the bottom of the kneecap coincides with the transition from the foot to the lower leg. When pedaling, your shins should be tilted slightly forward. In the vast majority of cases, the saddle is installed strictly horizontally. Pay attention to the elbows as you sit down, they should be bent slightly to damp the bumps in the road. Saddle tuning is not important for disciplines such as Downhill, BMX, Trial and Dirt Jumping.
Removal of the steering wheel. The comfort of the back and hands largely depends on it. The stem length and stem angle determine the height of the rudder and its tilt relative to the ground. Where without a friend. here he will also come to your aid 🙂 Sit on the seat, firmly grasp the steering wheel with your hands. If you have to stretch, straighten your elbows, then you need a shorter stem. In this position, vibration while driving will tire your arms and back.
Adjustable stems allow you to change the angle of the rudder. A stem that is not suitable in length should be replaced with a more suitable stem. Optimal back angle. 45 °, with such a fit, the head will take the correct position, the neck will not swell, and the hands will be devoid of excessive stress, it will be easy to control the brake levers and speed switches.
How to customize your bike?
Buying a new bike is undoubtedly important. However, it is equally important to adjust it exactly to your body proportions. Correct bike setup guarantees a comfortable bike ride, avoids injuries, chafing and even reduces the likelihood of accidents. Let’s try to dwell on bike adjustment and consider this important issue in more detail.
At first glance, what can be difficult to adjust? Set the saddle to the desired height and go! Only after one or two kilometers you can feel discomfort in the back, neck, hands, knees, and this is fraught with the loss of the most important thing. health. The main criterion for tuning a bike is rider comfort. And try everything that will be described below only to your proportions. These recommendations are averaged because different types of bikes require different adjustments.
How to choose a bike on the Internet?
It’s not difficult at all! There is a lot of information on the Internet, with tables in which the “size” is indicated. Plus, every bike comes with information on choosing a frame height for every rider’s height.
How to measure the distance from the crotch to the floor?
- Take a large photo album or book, wear whatever shoes you are going to ride. sole thickness is just as important
- Go to the wall, place the book between your legs so that its spine is right under your crotch, in a horizontal position (like a future saddle)
- Lean the spine against the wall and mark with a pencil. this will be the height from the crotch to the ground
Most likely, you will not be able to adjust the bike the first time, so experiment and remember. Try to change the height of the saddle, the position of the handlebars in the stem, raise the handlebars. At the same time, remember all the pains that arise after making the changes. If your back hurts. then the steering wheel is very low, if the knees. saddle incorrectly adjusted.
Try not to make drastic changes and ride the modified configuration long enough to know for sure if the ride is more comfortable and if the changes are not inconvenient.
As a result, you will find the optimal solution for adjusting the fit and even long trips will not cause any discomfort. Have a nice ride!
Adjusting the height of the steering wheel
The most efficient way to make cycling more comfortable. adjust the stem and handlebar height. Often, a bike with a handlebar that cannot be adjusted in height is less controllable and not comfortable enough. Cyclists experiment with saddle heights, tire pressures, and suspension settings, but not everyone is aware of the benefits of setting the height of the handlebars correctly. Read our detailed guide on how to adjust the handlebar height yourself. The height of the handlebars is measured relative to the height of the saddle. So, riders often set the handlebars lower than the saddle, on the contrary, lovers of comfortable riding try to raise the handlebars higher.
Note that a low handlebar lowers the bike’s center of gravity. You put more stress on the front wheel, you increase traction. In addition, the low position of the handlebars more evenly distributes the rider’s weight between the wheels, which is especially important during uphill climbs. These features are even more noticeable on bikes with large wheels (29er).
But it is worth making a reservation: too low a position of the steering wheel impairs control over the bike. Luckily, you can easily experiment with handlebar heights on your own for free. We bring you a detailed guide to adjusting the height of the handlebars on modern mountain and road bikes using a threadless stem. If your stem is bolted to the fork stem. then most likely you have just such a system, which we will discuss below.
We have described in detail all the actions on the photos.
Time: 15 minutes Skill Assessment: Easy Cost: Free
Tools you need to adjust the handlebar height:
The easiest way to adjust the handlebar height. this is the use of special spacer rings, which are usually found on every bike.
This bike is equipped with two rings and a tapered ring for increased handlebar height. If you want to set the stem lower. the tapered ring can be replaced with a short spacer.
Spacer rings are usually fitted on all bikes (20mm to 30mm) so that stem and handlebar heights can be quickly changed by simply moving the rings above or below the stem. Bolts used are standard, hex head.
Start by locking the wheel of your bike. and then loosen the stem-to-fork bolts.
Remove the steering column cover. Typically a 5mm or 4mm wrench.
How to properly install the handlebars on your bike
Before I tell you how the height adjustment of the bicycle handlebars is carried out. it is necessary to close the question with a saddle, which I did not have time to do in the previous part: bicycle saddle (seat) height adjustment.
Mountain Bike Tuning: Centering the Handlebars
On the steering wheel, as a rule, there are special centering marks, which are either hidden in the place of its attachment to the stem of the steering wheel, or look symmetrically. If you see one of them, or if they are not centered (rarely, but there is such a factory defect), you need to center the steering wheel yourself using a tape measure. We release the corresponding clamps, fix them, tighten them back.
Mountain Bike Adjustment: Saddle Angle
Traditionally, the saddle is set horizontally in relation to Mother Earth. If you strongly lift the nose of the saddle up, you will noticeably fall back, if, on the contrary, you will constantly slide.
In any of the options, the ride is uncomfortable, and some part of your body will certainly get tired, so let’s stop at a horizontal position. However, tuning a mountain bike in this regard is a personal matter, and here a lot depends on the bodybuilding of the cyclist.
How to set up your bike handlebars
Adjusting the seat angle, as well as the distance to the handlebars, is done by loosening the corresponding bolts / nuts at the place where the bike seat is attached to the seat post.
Mountain Bike Tuning: Adjusting Saddle Offset Horizontal
Although the field of action in this case is usually limited to a couple of centimeters, it is still not worth neglecting them. The basic rule of thumb here is that the horizontal position of the saddle is set in such a way that the gap between the elbow and the fingertips is approximately equal to the distance from the front edge of the saddle to the stem of the handlebars.
Bicycle handlebar height adjustment
It should be immediately noted here that the height adjustment of the handlebars is not on every bike provides a wide range of options. For example, on bikes with threadless steering columns, the height of the bicycle’s handlebars increases / decreases from force by several centimeters, and even then by installing / removing additional distance (spacer) rings.
As you can see, these same spacer rings are located under the stem. If the height of the latter needs to be reduced, the rings are simply removed and installed over the stem. Of course, it doesn’t look very aesthetically pleasing, but what can you do. If the handlebar needs to be positioned even lower, you can flip the stem upside down so that it points down instead of up. In general, in such cases, the correct fit on the bike is achieved mainly by manipulating the saddle and choosing the size of the bike frame.
However, in many cases it is still possible to achieve the desired result in the range of 25-40mm. Adjustment of the handlebar on the bike in the desired direction is done by loosening the bolt on the stem.
How else can you adjust the height of your bike’s handlebars? As you noticed, lowering the steering wheel is much easier than raising it, but in the latter case there are several more or less simple solutions to the problem. The simplest of these is the installation of an adjustable stem, in which you can change the angle of inclination. It should be borne in mind that the longer the stem, the higher the handlebar can be raised.
The last thing that comes to mind about this is replacing the straight rudder (if you have this type installed) with a riser. The latter is not only higher than the straight line by a couple of centimeters, but is also more convenient to handle.
The height of the seat and handlebars of the bike depending on the purpose of the trip
Correct bike handlebar height determined by the type of fit you intend to use while riding.
So, if the adjustment of the height of the bicycle handlebars is done incorrectly, the following troubles can await you: if the handlebars are raised higher than it should be, it will be difficult to pedal uphill. If the height of the handlebars of the bike is too low, it will be difficult to control the traffic situation and control. Naturally, the latter does not apply to road bikes with a sporty fit.
In general, the following norms are most often found:
- for driving on roads, the steering wheel on a bicycle is adjusted so that the rider’s back is at an angle of about 30-40 degrees in relation to the ground
- for light sports and long tourist trips, the inclination of the hull ranges from 60-90 and 45-60 degrees, respectively
- for children and the elderly, the seat and handlebars of the bicycle are adjusted so that the tilt of the body is within 60-90 degrees
How to adjust the steering wheel without thread?
To install a handlebar without threads, you must follow these instructions:
Loosening of the central bolt; Removing two bolts, one perpendicular to the frame, the other on the handlebars. Determining the height of the bike and setting it with rings. Fixing the central bolt. Tightening the two hex bolts
Adjusting and adjusting the handlebars on a bicycle
Correct handlebar position allows the rider to enjoy a comfortable ride and get the full bang for the buck. We know very well how to adjust the bike seat, but do you know how important it is to adjust the handlebars for a comfortable ride?
How easy and hassle-free to adjust the threaded handlebar?
Adjusting the threaded handlebars includes the following steps: Fixing the front wheel of the bicycle; Lightening of the upper bolt and untwisting of the threaded part; Raise the handlebars a little, and grease the stem of the handlebars; Then you decide for yourself what height you want to set the steering wheel; Tighten the nut at the base of the frame, then tighten the fixing bolt until it stops.
Bicycle handlebar height adjustment
When pre-setting the height of the handlebar, you need to take into account: For comfortable road cycling, it should be set so that the person’s back is at an angle of 30. We recommend placing the handlebar below the saddle, controlling the controls at a higher speed. for simple walks and fitness. 45. that is, the steering wheel can be installed above the seat, for the most comfortable ride, and ensuring yourself the absence of back pain. for elderly people and children. 60. 90 for road bikes. the handlebars are adjusted below the saddle, so the cyclist is better for picking up and maintaining speed; for mountain and hybrid bikes. flush with the seat, preferably with the elbows bent, this saves the danger and helps not to feel the curves of the roads. The steering wheel is also adjusted to align with the bushing. alignment with the wheel. The adjustment of the handlebars in the center of the bushing is performed so that the arms and shoulders of the cyclist should be in a straight position, if under the kut you will quickly get tired. To align the handlebars with the wheel, proceed as follows: stand in front of the bike, clamp the front wheel and first loosen the mount and center the handlebars. Also, after adjusting the steering position, make sure you can actually reach the brakes and gear changes. In case, changing the height of the steering wheel is a little uncomfortable for you, try to change the height of the seat.
What do you need to wrap the handlebars with? Everything you need to know about handlebar tape.
For a more comfortable ride, cyclists need to wrap the handlebars. To do this, you can use all sorts of materials, for example leather, rubber, some kind of plastic matter, and so on. Bicycle Handlebar Wrapping Instructions: Reinforce the brakes; start winding the left lever clockwise, and the right one, respectively, counterclockwise. Remember. we start wrapping from the bottom; Secure the winding with foil or simply tape (the foil can be supplied with the wrapping) Put the caps on the edges of the steering ends.
Correct fit on the bike is the key to a comfortable ride!
So, you have purchased a bike. We are sincerely glad and congratulations! This is a really necessary and useful acquisition. Now all that remains is to configure it correctly for a comfortable ride.
Setting up your bike for a proper fit involves manipulating the saddle and handlebars. Saddle adjustments include adjusting the height, tilt and offset, and you can adjust the handlebars by adjusting the stem length, stem angle, stem lift, and stem width and shape.
The fit will depend on which bike you purchased: walking, racing or touring. Each type has different bike settings, takes into account the peculiarities of the ride and provides the most appropriate body position to minimize the load on the back and legs.
A walking seating position on a bicycle implies an almost flat, perpendicular to the ground, back due to the lowered saddle and raised handlebars. With this fit, there is no particular stress on the muscles of the arms, legs and back, and the head is in a comfortable position for contemplating the surroundings and landscapes. But this position brings certain inconveniences that experienced cyclists know about, and beginners will only have to get to know them. This landing is not designed for long distances. In addition, trips over bumps and pits will negatively affect the spine.
The racing position involves supporting the bulk of the body with the arms through the raised saddle and lowered handlebars. As a rule, the saddle is 5-10 cm higher than the handlebars. This position is typical for road bikes and requires some physical preparation and flexibility of the back. At the same time, the position of the legs and the load on the muscles are so balanced that they contribute to a long and fast ride.
Touring bike seating effectively combines the benefits of walking and racing seating. In this case, the back angle is approximately 45 ° in relation to the ground. The bicycle seat is located, as a rule, at the level of the handlebars or slightly below it. During a tourist landing, part of the cyclist’s weight is distributed to the arms, but most of it falls on the “fifth point”. For tourism, the landing should not be too low, since in this case, during a long ride, the neck and lower back will ache, and you will not be able to look around and enjoy the views at all. But too high a seating position is also not suitable, because in this case, the leg muscles will quickly get tired.
The saddle is essential for a proper fit on any ride and on any bike. A properly selected bicycle seat is a guarantee of a comfortable and, most importantly, a long ride. It often happens that a saddle that was sold with a bike is not comfortable. It’s easy enough to find out: after driving 25-30 km, you will feel obvious discomfort.
As you know, due to the difference in anatomy, women need a saddle slightly wider than men. The most common saddle width, according to experts, is 14.3 cm suitable for most people. In any case, absolutely all saddles are uncomfortable. This comes from a lack of practice to such loads. The discomfort should go away on its own after a week of training. If this does not happen, then pay attention to the saddle itself.
Saddle adjustment includes high-low, front-back, and up-down tilt. Setting the saddle too low can lead to problems with the knee joint, the most complex joint in the human body.
Correct saddle height implies a near-extended foot on the pedal in its lowest position, with the cyclist sitting on the saddle, holding the handlebars, and the foot on the pedal with the heel.
The saddle should be mounted almost parallel to the ground, but this is a fairly individual setting.
Adjusting the saddle back and forth according to the rules directly depends on the position of the knee over the axis of the pedal at the same height of the pedals. But, for example, athletes often use this setting to shift the center of gravity.
Even with completely correct bike settings, much of the correct fit is still up to the rider. When riding, special attention should be paid to the position of the head. It should not be too tilted, and to relax the neck muscles, periodically turn your head left and right. When riding a bicycle, it is necessary to exclude unnecessary movements, because they waste a lot of energy, and therefore set up the bicycle so as not to leave the saddle forward or backward, and also not to ride it left and right. To relieve tension in your back and legs, periodically shift up and out of the saddle.
Hand position is also an important aspect in long-term riding. For better aerodynamics and a proper fit, keep your elbows bent along your body. And before hitting bumps in the road, try to relax them for better shock absorption.
You can always find out these and other rules for boarding and adjusting the bike at our bike rental and repair points.
And remember, the correct fit on the bike is the key to a comfortable ride and pleasure from a walk.
It depends on the person and the type of bike. For example, on road models, the height of the handlebars should be slightly below seat level. Due to this, air resistance is reduced, and the athlete picks up the maximum speed faster and holds it longer. In this case, the cyclist’s body is located almost horizontally.
On mountain bikes, which are the most popular and versatile bikes, the saddle and handlebars should be at the same level. In this case, the human body should be tilted 45-50, and the arms should be slightly bent at the elbows. This position is less traumatic and allows you to overcome the unevenness of the roadway as comfortably as possible.
How To Fit Your Handlebars | Mountain Bike Set Up
On city bikes designed for quiet walking in city parks, the handlebars should be slightly higher than the saddle level. But an excessively high position should not be allowed so that the cyclist does not sit upright. With such a landing, the perineum is subjected to a serious load, and this often turns into sexual dysfunction or hemorrhoids.
In one of our articles, we talked in detail about the prevention of hemorrhoids when cycling.
Having decided if you need to adjust the handlebars on your bike, you can get to work. But before that, it is worth determining what type of steering wheel is installed on your “iron horse”.
Adjusting the threadless handlebar
To adjust the handlebar on a threaded bike, you must first loosen the center hex bolt. Then remove the 2 bolts perpendicular to the bike frame and located on the handlebars on the cyclist’s side. This will allow you to remove the handlebars from the stem.
Putting on the steering wheel, you need to fix the central bolt. Do not tighten it, otherwise you will not be able to turn the steering wheel. Also beware of damage to fragile parts.
After that, you can start tightening the two hex bolts securing the handlebar to the stem. But before that, carefully check that the steering wheel is clearly perpendicular to the wheel. After tightening the bolts, ride your bike. If you feel the handlebars are loose a little, loosen the side bolts and tighten the center hex bolt slightly. Then fix the side mounts.
Threaded handlebar adjustment
It is distinguished by the presence of a fixing nut at the junction of the stem of the rudder with the frame. There is also a hex lock bolt on the top of the stem. You will need a hex wrench and a wrench to adjust.
Simply loosen the top bolt. you do not need to unscrew it completely. Then you need to unscrew the threaded connection, represented by the nut at the base of the stem.
The steering wheel can then be lifted. If the bike has already been used for more than one year, the handlebars may have become stuck. Therefore, it is worth moving it. Try not to jerk the reach too much, as you risk damaging the hoses and wires coming from the steering wheel. It is better to bring the bike to a table or other hill in advance, so that after dismantling, immediately put the handlebars on it.
Then it is worth washing the stem and lubricating it with anti-seize lubricant. It should be applied 2 cm below the stem. This will prevent the pipe from getting stuck in the frame during installation. Having chosen the optimal height for you, you can install it in the reverse order. Tighten the fixing nut at the base of the frame first and then the hex lock bolt.
Why do you need to adjust the steering wheel?
- Energy consumption;
Many novice cyclists complain of neck, back and arm pain after an hour’s ride. The reason for this is precisely the incorrect adjustment of the handlebars on the bicycle. The optimal angle of inclination of the body and an even distribution of the load between the arms and buttocks (they account for most of the body weight) allows you to preserve muscles and joints.
In addition, an excessively vertical position in combination with improper sitting constricts the vessels in the groin area, which in the future can create problems for both men and women.
The correct fit, which is achieved by adjusting the handlebars on the bike in conjunction with the saddle, allows you to maintain strength for as long as possible. At the same time, muscles are less susceptible to fatigue, and the cyclist will be able to travel more distance.
Bicycle handlebar adjustment
Many people know how important it is to adjust the saddle. Sometimes elementary intuition prompts this, because it is extremely inconvenient to ride too low or high. But when adjusting a saddle, many people forget how important it is to adjust the handlebars on a bicycle.
Adjusting the handlebars on a bicycle is a trifle, and this work does not take much time. However, the little things are often the most important. Customize your bike, take care of your health and enjoy cycling in comfort. Good “pokatushek”!