How To Properly Inflate A Bicycle Wheel With A Hand Pump

Bicycle tire pressure

properly, inflate, bicycle, wheel

A bicycle is a fairly thoughtful and reliable device. But if used improperly, even the highest quality elements and systems can fail faster than it would have happened naturally. Last but not least, this concerns the wheels. For example, how much the pressure in the chambers of the bike corresponds to a certain norm will depend not only on the comfort during the rides, but also on the service life of the tires.

What are the problems

If you constantly ride on wheels with less than optimal pressure, then most likely, cracks have already formed on the side walls of your tires. This usually leads to their premature erasure. Excessively high pressure increases the risk that the tire will simply burst at the most inopportune moment.

What pressure should be in the bike?

Many cyclists ask this question quite often. All well-known tire manufacturers indicate the size of the recommended pressure on the side of the tire. Most often, this figure is in the range from 35 to 60 psi (from 2.38 to 4.08 atmospheres).

The exact answer to this question depends on many factors. First of all, this is the expected area on which you plan to ride and the “profile” of the bike. High pressure is preferable if you are driving on asphalt, as it gives excellent roll, and low pressure provides strong traction on rough terrain. Riding style and weight of the cyclist also matter.

Units

Typically, tire manufacturers indicate the limits in which the cyclist can vary the inflation of the wheels. In our country, pressure is usually measured in atmospheres (at).

This value is approximately equal to a unit like Bar, which is common in Europe. On American tires and products intended for the American market, the permissible pressure is indicated in Psi.

Average values

A certain average rate of pressure in the tires of a road bike designed for riding on good, flat roads is 6.46. 9.18 atmospheres.

For a mountain bike, this figure varies from 2.38 to 4.08 atmospheres. For off-road driving, the optimal pressure will be from 2.38 to 3.26 atmospheres.

As for the variation within the “limits of what is permitted”, in summer it is advisable to adhere to the lower limit so that the air in the chambers, heating and expanding, does not damage it. In winter, on the contrary, the tube inflated to the upper border will allow the treads on the tires to adhere more tightly to the surface. The pressure in the chambers must also be correlated with the weight of the rider. Experts believe that about 1% should be added to the average value, based on each kilo of cyclist weight over 50.

A common mistake many novice cyclists make is excessive pressure in mountain tires or insufficient pressure in the wheels of a road bike. There are factors to look out for when looking for the ideal tire pressure:

Cyclist weight

The performance of a tire at a given pressure depends on the rider’s weight. For example, a 66kg cyclist might find a pressure of 2.38 atmospheres per square inch for a 26×2 tire. 25 inches is too high and the grip is not good enough. Conversely, a 113kg rider may find that their tires are under-inflated and therefore bend and deflate.

An approximate relationship between tire pressure and rider weight is shown below for inflating 50 mm (2 in) mountain bike tires.

Cyclist weight (kg) Pressure (atmospheres):

  • 50 kg. 2.38-2.59 atmospheres
  • 63 kg. 2.52-2.72 atmospheres
  • 77 kg. 2.72-2.93 atmospheres
  • 91 kg. 2.86-3.06 atmospheres
  • 105 kg. 3.06-3.27 atmospheres
  • 118 kg. 3.2-3.4 atmospheres

Tire volume and pressure

Tire volume and pressure are inextricably linked. The volume of the tires determines how a certain pressure appears to you. For example, a 700x25mm tire inflated to 2.38 atmospheres per square inch will be nearly flat, while a 26×3 tire. 8 inches inflated to the same 2.38 atmospheres will feel solid to the touch. the wheel will bounce on uneven surfaces, not absorb them.

By the way, we recommend:

Much depends on the area. If you ride mostly on rocky tracks, it is better to inflate the tires a little more in order to avoid tire deflection and damage to the side.

  • Primer, potholes. pump to medium (as shown on the tire) or slightly less.
  • Asphalt, rolled paths. pump almost to maximum.

Your riding style is just as important as the terrain you are driving. The more aggressive the driving style, the more the wheels need to be inflated. Are you trying to choose the flattest sections of the track, bypassing bumps, or do you like to drive forward with indomitable energy? Do you like to keep the wheels on the surface or do you like to bounce on the bike, overcoming obstacles?

Rim width plays an important role in determining the lowest possible pressure without compromising efficiency. A wide rim holds the tire better than a narrow one. It allows you to use lower tire pressure without sagging.

The design of a tire affects how it behaves at a given pressure, in about the same way as the weight of a cyclist. High TPI tires are more flexible. TPI is the amount of nylon fibers per square inch of tire base. Low TPI tires have better puncture and tear resistance but are heavier. A higher TPI value provides better traction, offering a smoother, softer ride and lighter construction. Typically, TPI values ​​range from 24 to 130.

Air pressure for different types of tires

If you have a half slick, the low pressure negates its benefits. The meaning of the semi-slick is that thanks to the semicircular profile of the tire, it rolls on a hard surface with a smooth part of the tread. And if the tire is poorly inflated, then it will be flattened, and your half-slick will paddle with its lugs even on asphalt. Therefore, in this type of tire we pump close to the maximum pressure.

Standard cross country tires, width 2. 1-2. 3 inches requires a working pressure of 3-4 bar. Such rubber does not have very pronounced lugs, it is the most versatile tire for those who ride in forests.

Tires for more extreme riding are 2.3 “and wider, and grip is very important here. The pressure is calculated experimentally so that the tire does not break through on drops and hard descents.

How much to pump in tires in winter

If you ride a bike in cold weather, then it must be borne in mind that in the cold the pressure drops a little, so at home pump it about 20% above normal so that everything on the street comes into balance.

Additional tips for choosing the right pressure

When choosing the right tire pressure for your bike, you should also pay attention to factors such as:

  • The surface you are rolling on. So, when driving on rough terrain, soil or sand, it is enough to inflate the tires just above the minimum value, so the grip will be better. When driving on asphalt and flat surface, it is better to choose a value close to the maximum. this will improve the roll.
  • Your bike type. We recommend using different pressures depending on your bike type. For a mountain bike, this value should be lower than for a sports road bike, for example. The principle here is that the narrower the tire, the higher the pressure in it should be. And vice versa.
  • Outside temperature. In the heat, it is better not to pump the wheels to the maximum, because the air in the chamber heats up and the pressure rises additionally. And in winter, even when riding on snow, the pressure should be at least average to achieve maximum tread grip.

You can find the most optimal tire pressure only after riding the bike for a long time and determining your riding style (whether you get up on obstacles from the saddle, which roads you drive more often, what size of tires you use, etc.). The examples given in this article are approximate, use them as guidelines, not as a guide to action. In fact, finding a middle ground is quite simple, you just need to devote half an hour. Experts advise you to pay attention to this issue, if you are a beginner, then most likely you have not even thought about it.

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How to pump up a bike with a hand pump

Meanwhile, cyclists feel too little or too much pressure. When the wheel is not inflated to the desired value, more effort has to be applied when driving. the contact area of ​​the tire with the surface increases. If the wheel is pumped too much, this is also not good, as it can lead to a defect in the camera or its explosion.

The tire pressure is checked with a pressure gauge. Usually, the pressure that is recommended for your bike or tires is indicated in the technical data sheet of the two-wheeled vehicle, or directly on the tire itself on the side (more often indicated in bars. bar, or pounds per square inch. PSI).

Pumps

A bicycle pump is a must have for every cyclist. There are several main types:

  • Manual bicycle pump;
  • Floor standing (known as car pumps);
  • Pumps with CO2 cylinders;
  • Fork for shock absorbers or the so-called high pressure pump.

The owners of those bikes are most fortunate in which the nipple on the tire fits the hoses of car compressors. But when pumping the wheels in this way or using a compressor at a gas station, you need to constantly monitor the pressure gauge readings and pump with a series of short clicks. the power of the car compressors is enough to quickly pump up a bicycle tire.

However, regardless of the type of nipple and the ability to use a car compressor, all cyclists are advised to have at least a hand pump with them on the road. They are small, compact, lightweight (made of plastic, aluminum or carbon), affordable and easy to use. They have mounts for mounting on a frame, can also be carried in a. backpack or bag. On the market you can find a hand pump with a pressure gauge that is compatible with different types of nipple.

How to pump with a hand pump?

  • Choose a location where you can move freely around the bike. Position it in such a way that it has support and you have access to the nipple;
  • Unscrew the cap from the nipple, and completely release the air from the tire;
  • Connect the hose head of the hand pump (if it has a hose) or the head itself to the nipple. Even if your hand pump has a pressure gauge, it is important to calculate how many strokes need to be made to achieve the optimum pressure level. This is necessary in order to, if necessary, inflate a bicycle wheel without a pressure gauge. During the inflation process, check the pressure from time to time. The optimum level for inflation is considered to be 5-6% below the value indicated on the wheel;

To pump a bicycle wheel with a hand pump, you will have to stock up on time and energy. Due to the small air chamber of this type of apparatus, it is necessary to perform 200-300 strokes, depending on the volume of the chamber. In this sense, double-acting hand pumps are effective, which pump air both when the piston moves down and when the piston moves up.

Remember, choosing the right pressure is the key to a pleasant bike ride. After all, the speed, and ride comfort, and the mechanical state of your bike as a whole depend on this. Check your wheels periodically to keep your ride safe.

How to inflate a bicycle wheel with a hand pump?

A bicycle pump is an essential piece of equipment in every cyclist’s arsenal. Its presence allows you to solve the issue of tire pressure on your own, and not to drive the bike to a gas station or service.

Hand pumps on the market are usually divided into 2 categories: conventional and equipped with a pressure gauge. a special recording device. The latter allow, when pumping, to be guided by the pressure values ​​in the wheels, and not “by eye”, constantly checking the hardness of the tire. For riding on asphalt roads, the recommended pressure is 3.5 atm., For driving on the ground. 2.8 atm.

How to pump up a bicycle wheel with a hand pump: an algorithm of actions

  • Place the wheel with the nipple down
  • While holding the nipple tongue, unscrew the protective cap and release all air
  • Insert the pump outlet into the nipple and unscrew the valve.
  • Putting the device vertically and smoothly moving the stem, pump air into the chamber

Road bikes and some hybrid bikes are equipped with Presta thin nipple wheels. Such tires require extreme care in handling, as well as a special small volume pump, or an adapter for inflating bicycle wheels.

How to pump up a bike with a car pump?

Most modern bike models are equipped with a car or Schrader nipple that allows you to directly inflate the camera at regular gas stations.

Algorithm for pumping simple wheels with a car nipple

How to inflate a chamber without a pump

Not everyone knows that a standard chamber can be pumped without using a pump. Of course, to achieve optimal tire pressures, a constant flow of air will be required, but the minimum acceptable values ​​are quite achievable. Let’s consider several ways:

    Inflating tires with a vacuum cleaner. Many models of the vacuum cleaner have a blowing mode, when activated, air is not drawn in, but blown out. This function should be used to inflate the wheels. A flexible hose can be used to connect the device to the nipple. The more airtight this connection is, the more acceptable pressure indicators can be achieved, therefore, for greater sealing, any available means are used: clamps, rubber gaskets, pieces of fabric.

Although it is possible to inflate the tires of a bicycle without using a pump, this compact and easy-to-use device is best kept at your own disposal. Correctly pumped wheels are a guarantee of a comfortable ride without unpleasant surprises in the form of burst tires or punctures.

Affecta Sport provides a wheel inflation service free of charge within any of the offered bike repair services.

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The device and principle of operation of the bicycle pump

The bike pump consists of two heads used to connect to one of two nipples. Schrader or Presta.

  • Devices are manually operated by a piston.
  • When the piston goes up, it draws in air from the external environment through the holes in the housing.
  • Moving downward, it directs air from the pump to the bicycle chamber.

Purpose and functions

The purpose of bicycle pumps is to inflate bicycle wheels and shock absorbers.

  • regulation of pressure supply using a pressure gauge;
  • fastening the device to the frame using a special device;
  • Convenient wheel pumping with a long hose and T-shaped handle;
  • protection of the pump head from dust, dirt with a dust cover;
  • efficient work in the dark thanks to the LED flashlight.

How to choose a bicycle pump

  • Choose the type of construction depending on the functionality of the product. Portable and handheld models are needed in the field, they are compact, so you can take them with you.

But the disadvantage of such products will be the low efficiency of wheel inflation, fragility. Stationary bicycle pumps are used to inflate wheels at home or in a garage, but they are not transportable.

The advantages of pneumatic models are fast operation, but a high price is set for these types of devices.

  • Pay attention to the type of nipple. For mountain and road bikes choose SV (“Presta”), for racing bikes you need AV (“Shrander”), DV (“Dunlop”). standard bicycle nipple.
  • Take into account the maximum pressure of the device, on which the inflation speed of the wheels depends. 100-200 psi (6-8 atmospheres). characteristic of bicycles for racing and walking. Road models require more power. 120-160 psi (8-11 atmospheres).
  • Consider what material the body is made of. The steel casing is usually found in stationary pumps. These products are durable, heavy and will not corrode.

Aluminum body structures are anti-corrosive, but not as strong as steel. Lightweight and compact plastic cases are used in the manufacture of hand pumps.

  • Pay attention to the type of power supply of the electric pump: 12 V. from the battery, 220 V. from the mains.
  • Pay attention to the operating mode of the devices.

Important parameters

  • Models should be equipped with a foldable T-handle for easy handling.
  • Mandatory attribute. attachment to the frame. It should be comfortable and always at hand.
  • Buy devices with a pressure gauge that regulate the air pressure in the wheels.
  • Choose instruments with multiple attachments to accommodate the pump with different types of tires. Such a bicycle pump can be used to inflate car tires.
  • For the convenience of inflating the wheels, you need a footrest.

The best bicycle pumps with a hose

Such designs are equipped with a long convenient hose for inflating the wheels. The best products should have a folding T-shaped handle with a rubber insert, a linear pressure gauge, attachment to the frame.

Technical specifications :

Benefits:

  • efficiency;
  • functionality;
  • strength, wear resistance;
  • made of heat-resistant aluminum;
  • complete with the necessary accessories.

Minuses:

  • weight of structures;
  • difficulty in transportation.

The best bicycle pumps with a pressure gauge

Rating:

  • The most convenient BETO with a bicycle pressure gauge. a high-quality and powerful product in a compact size.
  • The most reliable bicycle pump is the Giyo GP-91 with a pressure gauge. Product with high-strength aluminum housing. The model is lightweight, equipped with a pressure gauge. The device is used by professional racers.
  • The most functional bicycle pump with pressure gauge SKS Airkompressor 12.0 black. a device with a built-in pressure gauge, a valve for all types of nipples.
  • The Bikemate bicycle pump with a pressure gauge is a product with a shock-resistant body, high efficiency. The model is reliable in operation. Warranty provided.

Models are ideal for wheel inflation. The best products are made from durable and wear-resistant aluminum. The devices are equipped with a T-shaped handle, a lever for fixing the device on the nipple.

With the built-in pressure gauge, you can accurately track the pressure in the wheels. The principle of operation of the pressure gauge is based on balancing the measured pressure by the force of elastic deformation of a tubular spring or two-plate diaphragm.

Characteristics:

  • Size. 20-25 cm;
  • weight. 150-160 grams;
  • made of aluminum;
  • pressure. from 120 to 130 psi;
  • set for mounting on a bicycle;
  • equipped with a built-in pressure gauge.

Pros:

  • made of aluminum;
  • built-in pressure gauge (pressure adjustment);
  • convenient equipment (fasteners to the frame);
  • high efficiency;
  • reliability, durability.

Minuses:

  • expensive constructions.

Best Battery Bike Pumps

Rating:

  • The most durable battery device Verkut Specialist VL-1000 is an electric bicycle pump equipped with a camera mount and a high-precision pressure gauge. Equipped with LED flashlight.
  • The most wear-resistant bicycle pump BestWay. a model that fits different types of valves, the volume of the working chamber is 2 liters.
  • The most durable pump 12 V Intex 66626 is a functional device, equipped with 3 adapters. Complies with technical quality standards.

Such bicycle pumps are powered by a built-in battery, which ensures the operation of the device for 2-3 hours. The device is equipped with a linear high-precision pressure gauge, which is located along the pump hose.

Characteristics:

  • size. from 20 to 25 cm;
  • weight. 145-150 grams;
  • material (aluminum);
  • pressure. 120-130 psi;
  • nozzles (3-5);
  • equipped with a bike mount kit;
  • there is a built-in pressure gauge;
  • the battery is charged for 2-3 hours.

Pros:

  • strength, wear resistance;
  • convenient equipment (mounting on the frame);
  • functionality;
  • efficiency;
  • equipped with a handle, attachment to the frame.

Minuses:

  • dependence on electricity;
  • large dimensions of most models.

The best aluminum bike pumps

Rating:

  • The most reliable BBB Traveler trekking is a great combination of mini pump and floor pump. The product is equipped with a footrest, pressure gauge, bolts for mounting on the frame. The model is functional and durable.
  • The most wear-resistant bicycle pump Giyo GP-09. a model made of aluminum with a standard handle.
  • The most compact pump Green Cycle GCP-76C. a bicycle pump in an aluminum casing is suitable for two types of nipples: bicycle and car. The product is equipped with a frame mount.
  • The most efficient bike pump BBB WindRush L alu. suitable for different types of nipples. The device is equipped with a nozzle with a lock, made of durable aluminum.

These pumps are lightweight, robust, and highly resistant to environmental influences. Aluminum with high anti-corrosion properties retains its technical properties at temperature extremes.

Models are equipped with a comfortable T-shaped handle, folding leg rest. Accessories: frame mount and stainless steel bolts.

Characteristics:

  • dimensions. from 17-20 cm;
  • weigh about 200 grams;
  • pressure. 115-120 psi;
  • type. telescopic;
  • material (aluminum);
  • equipped with a bike mount kit;
  • there is a built-in pressure gauge;
  • T-shaped handle;
  • folding leg rest;
  • accessories: bolts, frame mount.

Pros:

2) high power;

3) fast wheel inflation;

4) equipped with a comfortable grip and folding leg rest;

5) there is a built-in pressure gauge;

6) the stability of structures;

7) strength and anti-corrosion properties;

8) resistance to temperature changes;

9) many accessories.

Minuses:

  • powerful products made of high quality aluminum are expensive;
  • there are large-sized models that are poorly transported.

The best high pressure bike pumps

Rating:

  • The most reliable high pressure pump TOPEAK Shock n Roll. universal pump for shock absorbers and wheels with a dedicated switch.

The valve is compatible with bicycle and auto nipples. The product is made of aluminum, there is a pressure gauge, a pressure release button.

  • The most convenient Cycledesign for air shock absorbers is a Schrader valve compatible model equipped with a pressure control valve. Pressure indicator. 300 psi.
  • The most functional bike pump Giyo GS-02D is a high pressure product, suitable for air forks and rear shock absorbers.

This type of pump is used to pump up air plugs that cannot be pumped with a conventional pump. Products with a small chamber volume, so bicycle wheels will take longer to inflate than a conventional pump.

Characteristics:

  • size (folded). 23-25 ​​cm;
  • weight. 140-150 grams;
  • pressure. 250-300 psi;
  • material (aluminum with plastic);
  • with pressure indicator;
  • number of nozzles (3-5);
  • Schroeder valve compatibility;
  • equipped with a pressure gauge;
  • with tilt valve.

Benefits:

  • the body is made of durable and wear-resistant aluminum;
  • quick pumping up of bicycle air forks;
  • equipped with a pressure gauge;
  • with valve and tilt adjustment;
  • with pressure indicator;
  • suitable for inflating bicycle wheels.

Minuses:

  • large-sized devices;
  • structures are difficult to transport;
  • low functionality, used as a bicycle accessory.

The best gas bike pumps

Rating:

  • The most functional gas pump Pedros EGO SPORT is a compressed gas mini-pump, which comes with a frame mount. Product weight. 170 grams. The product is durable, not subject to mechanical damage.
  • Most the inflator’s smallest device is a variable gas pump. The valve is compatible with bicycle and car nipples.
  • The most functional cycle pump with gas cylinder in pedal axle CrankPump CO2. functional model with high power. High performance device with ergonomic design.

This type of pump is also called pneumatic.

The principle of operation of the devices: the wheel is inflated using a gas cylinder. Models are equipped with a built-in pressure gauge, gas volume adjustment function, T-shaped handle, bike mount.

Characteristics:

  • dimensions. from 17 to 20 cm (folded);
  • weight. 125 grams;
  • material (plastic);
  • pressure. 120 psi;
  • gas volume supply adjustment;
  • valve compatibility with bicycle and car nipples;
  • there is a set for mounting on a bicycle;
  • with built-in pressure gauge;
  • equipped with a double inflation system.

Pros:

  • reliability;
  • functionality;
  • ergonomics;
  • effective work.

Minuses:

  • high cost and expensive service;
  • limited use of one cylinder.

Best Small Bike Pumps

Rating:

  • The most functional device GIUO GP-040S is a hand pump with a linear pressure gauge, with which you can inflate wheels of different diameters. The body is made of aluminum.
  • The most durable AAP FATTY SM AUTHOR. telescopic pump with a valve that keeps the holes free from contamination.
  • The most wear-resistant BBB WindGun S alu 250mm (BMP-57). a product with a lightweight aluminum body, built-in pressure gauge.

Aluminum compact bicycle pumps with plastic casing are reliable and durable. The best models are equipped with a double inflation system, which speeds up the process in half.

Telescopic pumps are considered the most compact. Minus designs. the accumulation of dust, moisture and dirt.

Characteristics:

  • size. 17-20 cm;
  • weight. 125-130 grams;
  • pressure. 120 psi;
  • number of nozzles (2-3);
  • material (aluminum with plastic);
  • set for mounting on a bicycle;
  • with pressure gauge.

Benefits:

  • compactness;
  • lightweight products;
  • easy to carry, transportable;
  • reliability, durability.

Minuses:

  • when inflating, the wheel must be kept suspended;
  • small working chamber;
  • when the pressure increases, the wheel becomes difficult to swing;
  • fragility.

The best floor-standing bicycle pumps

Rating:

  • The most functional Torpeak Joeblow Max HP Floor Pump is a floor-standing type of construction that is made of durable steel and plastic. Pressure. 150 psi. Device dimensions: 12.7 by 24 by 67.5 cm.Weight. 1.39 kg.
  • The most wear-resistant Giyo GF-32 is a floor pump made of aluminum with a durable plastic base. Built-in pressure gauge, universal valve, ergonomic handle. Works at pressures up to 160 psi.
  • The most compact Cannondale AIRPORT NITRO is a floor-standing type of construction. The model is equipped with a comfortable handle, pressure gauge.

The devices work on the principle of automobile pumps, with their help you can easily pump a wheel. Models are large, so you can’t take them with you. The best designs are equipped with a pressure gauge, long hose.

The bicycle pump quickly pumps air, with a large chamber. The devices are stable because they provide a fixed contact in the ground, reliable and functional. Suitable for garage use.

Characteristics:

  • Size. 20-25 cm;
  • weighs from 130 to 140 grams;
  • pressure. 150-160 psi;
  • manometer type. dial;
  • number of nozzles (3-5);
  • steel, plastic products;
  • with a wide handle;
  • equipped with a bike mount kit;
  • with pressure gauge.

Pros:

  • ease of use and transportation;
  • structural stability;
  • equipped with a pressure gauge;
  • large chamber, which allows you to quickly inflate the wheels;
  • functionality (suitable for home and garage);
  • high pressure, there are no problems when pumping the wheel;
  • durability and reliability.

Minuses:

  • non-compact size, weight of the structure;
  • non-transportability.

The product is made of durable steel. The connection head fits a variety of valves. Large working chamber, comfortable grip, leg locking function.

The best bike pumps from the outlet

Rating:

Electric bicycle pump models operate on a battery that charges within two to three hours, equipped with a large working chamber, an extension hose with a pressure gauge.

Characteristics:

  • size. 18-22 cm;
  • weight. 130-135 grams;
  • pressure. 120-130 psi;
  • number of nozzles (3-4);
  • battery charging time. 2-3 hours;
  • material (plastic, aluminum);
  • with pressure gauge.

Pros:

  • reliability, durability;
  • made of wear-resistant materials;
  • with a convenient pressure gauge;
  • equipped with a long hose;
  • fast inflation of wheels;
  • continuous work for 7-8 minutes;
  • equipped with a bike holder.

Minuses:

  • will not work without recharging;
  • are expensive.

Best Portable Bike Pumps

Rating:

  • Crank Brothers’ most functional miniature pump. compact unit with aluminum body and universal valve.
  • The lightest Neko NK-46L is an aluminum bicycle pump with a durable body. Suitable for city and mountain bikes. The product is equipped with a comfortable handle.
  • The most convenient bicycle pump Giyo GP-77. the body is made of high quality plastic. The material is equipped with an ergonomic T-shaped handle, fastening to the frame. The product is compatible with different types of valves.

Such products are made of aluminum and plastic. Models with a small working chamber, but easy to use, lightweight and transportable.

Characteristics:

  • folded size. 17-19 cm;
  • weight. 115-120 grams;
  • pressure. up to 120 psi;
  • number of nozzles (3-5);
  • material (aluminum, plastic);
  • with pressure gauge.

Pros:

  • portability, compactness;
  • ease;
  • transportability;
  • suitable for home use;
  • equipped with a pressure gauge;
  • made of wear-resistant materials.

Minuses:

  • low power;
  • slow inflating of bicycle pumps.

The best telescopic bike pumps

Rating:

  • Bianchi’s most portable device is a product that can be taken on a tourist trip and cycling. Compact device made of aluminum.
  • The most reliable bicycle pump SKS Mountain Ranger Pro Tele is a telescopic pump with a classic hose that connects to any type of hard-to-reach nipple. Ergonomic product design. Affordable cost, warranty provided.
  • The lightest SKS BANDIT with dust protection. an ultra-light plastic telescopic pump. Double head for different types of valves. Combination of technical parameters and model cost.

Such a pump differs from a conventional compact one with a large working chamber, more air is forced into the wheel at a time. The fewer movements we make, the higher the efficiency.

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Characteristics:

  • folded size. 20-22 cm;
  • weight. 125-135 grams;
  • model type. telescopic;
  • pressure. 120-125 psi;
  • number of nozzles (2-5);
  • material (aluminum);
  • frame mount;
  • with pressure gauge.

Pros:

  • large working chamber;
  • efficiency;
  • compactness and lightness;
  • transportability;
  • functionality;
  • the structure is easily expanded.

Minuses:

  • expensive devices.

The best universal bike pumps

Rating:

  • The most comfortable bicycle pump Beto universal. a model with high efficiency, equipped with a durable mount and convenient accessories.
  • The most durable pump COMPACT 59/63 cm universal. a model with an ergonomic design, convenient equipment and good performance.
  • The smallest X-Alpine SKS bicycle pump is a robust silver pump with an ergonomic and comfortable handle. Pressure. 8 atmospheres, weight. 152 grams.

Consider the type of device you are purchasing. For stationary use, large-sized floor-standing models are suitable, for cycling and tourist travel, it is better to save compact devices.

The products are equipped with two nipple heads for bicycle and car nipples, with two modes of operation. for high pressure and large volume. Designs are equipped with a pressure release button, a switch.

Characteristics:

  • folded size. 20-25 cm;
  • weight. 2-3 kilograms;
  • pressure. 200 psi;
  • type. telescopic;
  • two operating modes;
  • two heads for bicycle and car nipples;
  • material (aluminum body);
  • pressure release button;
  • with pressure gauge.

Pros:

  • Suitable for wheels, rear and front shock absorbers;
  • made of wear-resistant aluminum;
  • functionality (several modes of operation);
  • durability, reliability;
  • easy to use.

Minuses:

  • large dimensions;
  • high price.

Inflation process

Every cyclist should know how to use a bicycle pump and be able to apply this knowledge in practice. To cope with this task, you need to perform a number of simple steps:

  • Scroll the wheel until the nipple is at the bottom. This is if the bike is in an upright position. In the event that the transport is lying or the wheel is dismantled, then the location of the nipple does not matter.
  • Unscrew the cap.
  • We deflate the tire, while holding the tongue from the nipple.
  • We insert the outlet pipe from the pump, and then turn the valve to the maximum level.
  • Install the pump in a vertical position.
  • We take the stem, lower and raise it with smooth movements, thus pumping air into the chamber.

Pressure control

It is important not only to know how to use a bicycle pump, but also to be able to control changes in air pressure. This can be done in several ways:

  • Using a pressure gauge, tracking the movement of the arrow.
  • If the pressure gauge is not connected to the pump, then periodically you will have to disconnect it and insert a measuring device into the nipple.
  • Feel the tire, while assessing its hardness.

The latter option must be performed even when using a pressure gauge. After all, the pressure in the pump during inflation may increase, and air will not enter the chamber at the same time. Accordingly, the readings of the pressure gauge will not correspond to reality and the wheel, as a result, will not be well inflated.

Assortment of nipples

Bicycles can be fitted with a variety of nipple options, of which not all will be suitable for conventional manual bicycle pumps. Automotive nipples and Dunlop are the most common. Thin wheels are often fitted with Presta valve elements. When working with such a valve, you need to be careful and clean. Such specimens are often found on road bikes and hybrids. Here it will be possible to bring the air pressure back to normal using a special pump, which is designed for a small volume. The use of a conventional pump will be possible due to a special adapter.

Riding a bicycle with flat tires is not permitted. It is not even worth thinking about such an option here. So that you do not have to drive your two-wheeled friend to the nearest place for inflating the wheels, you must always have a pump at hand and be able to use it.

How to pump up a bicycle wheel with a hand pump

Meanwhile, cyclists feel too little or too much pressure. When the wheel is not inflated to the desired value, more effort has to be applied when driving. the contact area of ​​the tire with the surface increases. If the wheel is pumped too much, this is also not good, as it can lead to a defect in the camera or its explosion.

The tire pressure is checked with a pressure gauge. Usually, the pressure that is recommended for your bike or tires is indicated in the technical data sheet of the two-wheeled vehicle, or directly on the tire itself on the side (usually indicated in bars. bar, or pounds per square inch. PSI).

Pumps

A bicycle pump is a must have for every cyclist. There are several main types:

  • Manual bicycle pump;
  • Floor standing (known as car pumps);
  • Pumps with CO2 cylinders;
  • Fork for shock absorbers or the so-called high pressure pump.

The owners of those bikes are most fortunate in which the nipple on the tire fits the hoses of car compressors. But when pumping the wheels in this way or using a compressor at a gas station, you need to constantly monitor the pressure gauge readings and pump with a series of short clicks. the power of the car compressors is enough to quickly pump up a bicycle tire.

However, regardless of the type of nipple and the ability to use a car compressor, all cyclists are advised to have at least a hand pump with them on the road. They are small, compact, lightweight (made of plastic, aluminum or carbon), affordable and easy to use. They have mounts for mounting on a frame, can also be carried in a. backpack or bag. On the market you can find a hand pump with a pressure gauge that is compatible with different types of nipple.

How to pump with a hand pump?

  • Choose a location where you can move freely around the bike. Position it in such a way that it has support and you have access to the nipple;
  • Unscrew the cap from the nipple, and completely release the air from the tire;
  • Connect the hose head of the hand pump (if it has a hose) or the head itself to the nipple. Even if your hand pump has a pressure gauge, it is important to calculate how many strokes need to be made to achieve the optimum pressure level. This is necessary in order to, if necessary, inflate a bicycle wheel without a pressure gauge. During the inflation process, check the pressure from time to time. The optimum level for inflation is considered to be 5-6% below the value indicated on the wheel;
  • Screw on the nipple cap. Loose cap can contribute to premature deflation of tires.

To pump a bicycle wheel with a hand pump, you will have to stock up on time and energy. Due to the small air chamber of this type of apparatus, it is necessary to perform 200-300 strokes, depending on the volume of the chamber. In this sense, double-acting hand pumps are effective, which pump air both when the piston moves down and when the piston moves up.

Remember, choosing the right pressure is the key to a pleasant bike ride. After all, the speed, and ride comfort, and the mechanical state of your bike as a whole depend on this. Check your wheels periodically to keep your ride safe.

Pumping a bicycle wheel with a hand pump. How to inflate a flat tire with a hand pump?

Probably every cyclist at least once in his life faced such a problem as a deflated camera. And according to the law of meanness, this trouble most often lies in wait for us somewhere on the road, away from home and the service center. Therefore, the cyclist must definitely master the skills of inflating the wheel, especially since there is nothing complicated about it.

Despite the fact that in the modern world there are many methods for inflating a bicycle wheel, most cyclists prefer a hand pump, because it is always at hand and can help out in case of unexpected wheel damage. Therefore, in this material we will consider this particular type of wheel inflation.

Optimal tire pressure parameters

The pressure level in the tires is an indicator that every cyclist must follow without fail. After all, the number of atmospheres directly affects the speed of movement and the quality of wheel adhesion to the road surface.

The middle scale looks like this:

  • Moving on asphalt. from 2 to 3.5 atmospheres
  • Driving on a dirt road. from 2.5 to 2.8 atmospheres

In order to determine the level of pressure in the tire, you can simply carefully feel the wheel around the entire diameter. If you don’t feel any flexing, then everything is fine. But it is better to carry out this procedure using a special pressure gauge, which is usually built into a hand pump. The second method guarantees you more accurate results and is suitable for all types of bikes.

Experienced cyclists know very well that an under-inflated wheel can lead to a number of unpleasant consequences. It:

  • Low level of maneuverability
  • High risk of punctures and other damage
  • Significant power costs when crossing difficult terrain

But if the wheels of your bike, on the contrary, are too inflated, you may encounter difficulties such as:

  • Poor adhesion of the wheel to the road surface
  • High degree of danger of emergencies

But if the required pressure level is observed in the tires, the most comfortable ride awaits you, which will bring extremely positive emotions.

We pump the wheel with a hand pump

A hand pump is a must-have accessory for every cyclist. After all, if a puncture of a wheel caught you on the road, only this device will help to solve the problem, and not to hitchhike to the nearest service center.

The hand pump is of two types:

Of course, experts recommend purchasing the second option, since in addition to tire inflation, you can check the atmospheric pressure at any time.

The process of inflating the wheel in stages is as follows:

  • Roll the wheel until the nipple points down.
  • While holding the nipple tongue, deflate the wheel.
  • Install the pump connection
  • Turn the valve all the way
  • Smoothly moving the rod, blow air into the tire

As you can see, the algorithm of actions is quite simple and, guided by such simple rules, you can easily pump up a flat tire. Remember that driving on a flat tire is simply unacceptable. And the point is not only that such a trip will be less comfortable and will give few positive impressions. A wheel with insufficient atmospheric pressure is a direct threat to your safety. Therefore, do not take risks and carefully monitor the condition of your bicycle tires. You can find everything you need to inflate your tires in the section “Bicycle pumps”.

The rear wheel has a more complex structural principle than the front wheel, so the main thing is to master the skill of assembling and disassembling it. If you succeed, then the front wheel will definitely not have any problems.

According to the rules of the metro, transportation of a bicycle in its usual form is prohibited. After all, you cannot carry large hand luggage in the metro, which will prevent passengers from getting on and off the car.

What are the advantages of this device is clear to everyone, but the installation process can cause some difficulties.

Cycling lovers living in Russia cannot enjoy their hobby all year round and with the arrival of the winter period they are forced to find a worthy storage place for their two-wheeled friend.

Pumping a bicycle wheel with a hand pump

No matter how many new ways to quickly inflate bicycle wheels appear, users of this transport are still interested in how to inflate a bicycle wheel with a hand pump. After all, it is this device that is included in the mandatory kit of the cyclist and can restore the transport’s ability to move. But you need not only to have a manual device for pumping air at hand, but also to be able to use it.

A hand pump is included in a must-have kit for a cyclist and will help to quickly restore the ability to move.

In general, such manual devices are divided into two types. The difference between them lies in the presence / absence of a device for measuring the pressure level inside the tire. a pressure gauge. It is better to buy a model with a pressure gauge if such a device is not lying around in your home. To make it easier to inflate bicycle tires in the future, you can calculate how many inlets you need to make to obtain optimal pressure. In this case, you can even do without a pressure gauge, but you will need to be careful and focused at each pumping, and this is not very convenient.

Inflation process

Every cyclist should know how to use a bicycle pump and be able to apply this knowledge in practice. To cope with this task, you need to perform a number of simple steps:

  • Scroll the wheel until the nipple is at the bottom. This is if the bike is in an upright position. In the event that the transport is lying or the wheel is dismantled, then the location of the nipple does not matter.
  • Unscrew the cap.
  • We deflate the tire, while holding the tongue from the nipple.
  • We insert the outlet pipe from the pump, and then turn the valve to the maximum level.
  • Install the pump in a vertical position.
  • We take the stem, lower and raise it with smooth movements, thus pumping air into the chamber.

Pressure control

Bicycle pressure gauge

It is important not only to know how to use a bicycle pump, but also to be able to control changes in air pressure. This can be done in several ways:

  • Using a pressure gauge, tracking the movement of the arrow.
  • If the pressure gauge is not connected to the pump, then periodically you will have to disconnect it and insert a measuring device into the nipple.
  • Feel the tire, while assessing its hardness.

The latter option must be performed even when using a pressure gauge. After all, the pressure in the pump during inflation may increase, and air will not enter the chamber at the same time. Accordingly, the readings of the pressure gauge will not correspond to reality and the wheel, as a result, will not be well inflated.

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Assortment of nipples

Bicycles can be fitted with a variety of nipple options, of which not all will be suitable for conventional manual bicycle pumps. Automotive nipples and Dunlop are the most common. Thin wheels are often fitted with Presta valve elements. When working with such a valve, you need to be careful and clean. Such specimens are often found on road bikes and hybrids. Here it will be possible to bring the air pressure back to normal using a special pump, which is designed for a small volume. The use of a conventional pump will be possible due to a special adapter.

Riding a bicycle with flat tires is not permitted. It is not even worth thinking about such an option here. So that you do not have to drive your two-wheeled friend to the nearest place for inflating the wheels, you must always have a pump at hand and be able to use it.

How to choose a wheel motor for an e-bike. What factors to pay attention to when choosing. Advantages and disadvantages of varieties of motor-wheel motors.

Replacing the bearing of the rear wheel of a bicycle will not cause you any difficulties if you understand all the nuances and features of servicing this part. The condition of the bearings, their timely maintenance and replacement is the key to safe driving.

How to remove and reinstall the front wheel of a bicycle. The sequence of dismantling and installing the front wheel.

How to properly inflate your bike wheels

Driving on flat tires is fraught with many consequences: from deterioration in maneuverability and a decrease in speed dynamics due to an increase in the tire contact area with the ground, to punctures and wheel damage. In addition, excessive pressure promises a deterioration in grip and the risk of a camera breakdown. We will tell you how to inflate the tires of a bicycle, what are the nuances of using a hand pump and whether it is possible to do without special devices.

How to inflate a bicycle wheel with a hand pump?

A bicycle pump is an essential piece of equipment in every cyclist’s arsenal. Its presence allows you to solve the issue of tire pressure on your own, and not to drive the bike to a gas station or service.

Hand pumps on the market are usually divided into 2 categories: conventional and equipped with a pressure gauge. a special recording device. The latter allow, when pumping, to be guided by the pressure values ​​in the wheels, and not “by eye”, constantly checking the hardness of the tire. For riding on asphalt roads, the recommended pressure is 3.5 atm., For driving on the ground. 2.8 atm.

How to pump up a bicycle wheel with a hand pump: an algorithm of actions

  • Place the wheel with the nipple down
  • While holding the nipple tongue, unscrew the protective cap and release all air
  • Insert the pump outlet into the nipple and unscrew the valve.
  • Putting the device vertically and smoothly moving the stem, pump air into the chamber

Road bikes and some hybrid bikes are equipped with Presta thin nipple wheels. Such tires require extreme care in handling, as well as a special small volume pump, or an adapter for inflating bicycle wheels.

How to pump up a bike with a car pump?

Most modern bike models are equipped with a car or Schrader nipple that allows you to directly inflate the camera at regular gas stations.

Algorithm for pumping simple wheels with a car nipple

  • Release the nipple and insert the compressor connection
  • When using a universal pump, the jumper must be installed with its large end outward in the “auto nipple” position.
  • Close the front cover and connect the pump
  • In the process, monitor the pressure you need
  • How to inflate a bicycle wheel with a thin nipple Presta at a gas station
  • First of all, you need to install a special adapter at the output end of the tire.
  • Connect the compressor
  • When using a universal pump, the jumper must be put outward with the thin end
  • Pump several times until the required pressure is reached.

How to inflate a chamber without a pump

Not everyone knows that a standard chamber can be pumped without using a pump. Of course, to achieve optimal tire pressures, a constant flow of air will be required, but the minimum acceptable values ​​are quite achievable. Let’s consider several ways:

  • Inflating tires with a vacuum cleaner. Many models of the vacuum cleaner have a blowing mode, when activated, air is not drawn in, but blown out. This function should be used to inflate the wheels. A flexible hose can be used to connect the device to the nipple. The more airtight this connection is, the more acceptable pressure indicators can be achieved, therefore, for greater sealing, any available means are used: clamps, rubber gaskets, pieces of fabric.
  • Compressor from bottles. You can also pump up your bike with two simple plastic bottles, one of which will act as a rod and the other as a cylinder. First of all, you need to cut off the bottom of the bottle and use a thin hose to connect its neck to the chamber outlet. Then insert a second bottle into this structure and start pumping air into the hose through the cylinder. In order for the junction of the neck and the hose to be airtight, you need to coat it with a sealant or put a suitable rubber lining.
  • Inflating tires by mouth. This method will help out if the wheels are flat and there is nothing in your arsenal to pump them up. By removing the nipple, you can inflate the bicycle wheel like a balloon. However, this is not so easy to do, in addition, there is a risk of releasing all the air during the tightening of the nipple.

Although it is possible to inflate the tires of a bicycle without using a pump, this compact and easy-to-use device is best kept at your own disposal. Correctly pumped wheels are a guarantee of a comfortable ride without unpleasant surprises in the form of burst tires or punctures.

Affecta Sport provides a wheel inflation service free of charge within any of the offered bike repair services.

You can inflate a bicycle wheel without a traditional pump. How to get rid of a bulky pump on long trips or how to inflate a wheel without a pump?

A pump for long bike rides is a very important thing, and cyclists taught by their own bitter experience know that it is even irreplaceable! Who will help if a wheel puncture occurs on a bike trip or just far from home? And in general, what to do in this case?

Experienced cyclists or cyclists who are not accustomed to winding circles around the house will give you the following tips if you ask them to:

Take self-adhesive patches with you. 2. Take a spare wheel tube with you if you are going on a bike trip for several days, with an overnight stay.

Two life hacks:

Repairs with patches can be done without removing the wheel. it is enough to identify the puncture and disassemble the tire, pull out the tube and reach the hole to fix the problem.However, do not forget to bring a set of hexagons and an open-end wrench in your backpack to help you remove the wheel. if you need to replace the camera with a new one.

Take the pump with you. But there are some problems here. The first is that, as a rule, powerful bicycle pumps, although not very large compared to car foot analogs, are nevertheless not quite convenient for transportation.

Especially considering that you will have to use them, at best, twice a season, the rest of the time the device will lie in ballast in a backpack or hang on the frame of your bike, and this is extra weight, the competent distribution of which on long exhausting trips literally on weight of gold.

The second problem is diametrically opposite. Compact hand-held bicycle pumps are really small and lightweight. But you will damn everything in the world while you pump a tire that has deflated to zero with such a pump. Perhaps you can catch up with the atmosphere, but then everything will be very, very difficult. It’s just a hell of a job pumping a tire with such a pump. Whoever tried it will understand. In general, a half-measure and in some cases not suitable for full use.

How to inflate a wheel without a pump?

What to do? Take advantage of modern developments and pump up the chamber not with air, but with carbon dioxide, CO2.

How to do it? It is very easy and simple: to take a special pump, which does not look like a pump either, but is an ordinary compact small can with CO2 pumped into it under pressure and an adapter for a Schrader valve (car type) or Presta (bicycle nipple).

In general terms, the option looks like this:

But there are different interpretations on the topic: with larger cans, more beautiful design, and so on.

After all, a CO2 cartridge is simply carbon dioxide pressurized into a compact container. There is no fundamental difference in what you pump into the tire of your bicycle. there is no air, nitrogen or CO2.

At the same time, the tire inflation rate is simply phenomenal. Five to ten seconds. and the tire is inflated! In the example, of course, a small road camera was used, but from the practice of using such a device, it can be argued that even a medium-sized cylinder of 16 grams can easily be enough to inflate a 26 ″ wheel of a country bike with a fairly wide tire and a capacious camera to a pressure of more than 3.5 atmospheres.

And a 25-gram can is enough, most likely, already for one tire of a newfangled fat bike, especially since the pressure there needs very little. Probably seen such bicycles with very thick tires.

How much does such a set cost?

As we said earlier, with an adapter and a balloon. But we advise you to purchase more advanced options, with a pressure control valve. with its help, having pumped up the required pressure, you will not waste the leftovers and can use them in the future at the next puncture (the main thing is, do not forget to take a spare cylinder on your next trip).

It’s also good if the adapter is threaded. All pressure will go to the chamber and not to the environment.

The cans themselves also cost different amounts of money. As you can see, three cartridges for 16 grams of C02 will cost around 350 rubles. For 25 grams. 750 rubles for three cartridges in a set. Provided that you still need to manage to pierce three times during the cycling season, these pressure stores will last for a long time.

If you want to take it to a more advanced level, here are a few features that can help make your device more comfortable to use:

Pressure gauge. So that you know how much CO2 went into the tire (the thing is certainly handy, especially when you first get to know the device).

A shroud or sleeve to protect your hand and fingers from the hypothermic fitting. Even frost will appear on the metal when the device is in operation. You can get cold burns (frostbite). However, you can work with the device with gloves.

Instructions for use again:

Connect the bottle to the pump adapter. 2. Screw / slide the pump head onto the nipple. 3. Press down the trigger (if equipped with a valve) or press it against the nipple. 4. Monitor tire inflation. It should be well fenced, and the camera should not bite anywhere between the tire bead and the rim, otherwise you will have a sudden and very unpleasant surprise in the form of a strong BAM!

P. S. By the way, some manufacturers recommend not driving for a long time on carbon dioxide. It passes through the rubber faster and escapes from the chamber. Option is to deflate it and pump air.

P. P. S. Perhaps, in the case of carbon dioxide, tubeless tires on a bicycle will help. The rubber is thicker there, which means there will be less pressure etching, and it is definitely more difficult to puncture on a tubeless. Not bad as an option!

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