- Universal set of bicycle tools or hex wrenches.
- Adjustable torque wrench or Torx wrench, especially when working with carbon or lightweight materials.
- Zipp, Ritchey and Syncros stem bars require Torx wrenches instead of hex wrenches, so T20 or T25 Torx wrenches may be required.
Steering Column Spacer Rings Adjustment
The first and easiest way to adjust the height of the rudder is to reposition the steering column rings.
The headset rings slide over the bike fork stem and help adjust the handlebar and stem height. Typically the standard spacer size is 20 to 30 mm. They can be freely rearranged along the entire stem length. The extension bolts are screwed in according to the general scheme (unscrewed counterclockwise, screwed clockwise).
1. First, secure the wheels of the bike firmly, then loosen the clamps on the back of the stem. Now is the time to lubricate the bolt securing the steering column cover a little to make it easier to slide. Unscrew the top cover fixing bolt (it goes into the star nut of the steering column armature) and set the cover aside. 3. Disconnect the steering column and stem from each other.
4. Now it’s time to decide how high you would like to raise or lower the steering wheel. Depending on the decision made, add or, conversely, remove the required number of rings from the lower part of the steering column located under the stem. 5. Then insert the steering column back into the stem mount, and the released rings, which were previously located under the stem, ceased to be on the upper part of the fork stem above the stem. Make sure that the distance between the top edge of the ring and the fork stem is at least 3-5 millimeters, otherwise it will NOT work Securely fix the steering column without play. 6. Next, replace the steering column cover and tighten the bolt, but not too much to avoid backlash. Thus, you pre-fix the structure. 7. Then align the stem so that it is flush with the front wheel and at right angles to the handlebars. This step requires patience, but it will allow you to adjust the position of the handlebars to the top tube of the bike frame. 8. Now that the stem is in the correct position for the front wheel, gradually and alternately tighten the stem bolts using a torque wrench, typically 5. 8 Nm. 9. It’s time to check your stem settings. To do this, use a simple trick. Apply the front brake with one hand and place the other on the steering column, then turn the steering wheel slightly back and forth. Feel the fork stem moving inside the steering column? If yes, loosen the steering column fasteners and tighten the bolt on its cover more firmly, then tighten the fasteners again.
Repeat these steps until all signs of free play in the steering column disappear, and the steering wheel will not turn freely. Tightening the bolts too tightly can make it difficult to turn the steering wheel. If nothing comes out and your steering column is hard to adjust, it may be time to replace it. Test the new handlebar height
How to adjust the height of the bike handlebars?
- Required tools
- Steering Column Spacer Rings Adjustment
- Expand stem
- Bicycle steering column maintenance.
Often times, the factory-set handlebar height is universal and not tailored to the individual. Cyclists often experiment with saddle height, tire pressure, handlebar tilt and suspension settings, but few are aware of the benefits of handlebar height adjustment. The height of the rudder is sometimes called the position of the seat to the rudder, that is, the interval by which the seat is above or below the rudder.
In professional riders, this interval is usually significant, with the handlebars below the saddle, and in amateur cyclists it is. Simply put, a lower handlebar height lowers the center of gravity. By placing more weight on the front wheel, you increase traction. In addition, the low handlebar height provides a more centered rider position between the wheels, improving bike handling, especially when going uphill. This effect is more noticeable off-road, mainly with 29-inch wheels.
A too low handlebar position can make it difficult to control the bike, so a limit is set. Fortunately, experimenting with steering position is easy and mostly free. This manual is suitable for owners of modern bikes with adjustable stem and headset. If a bicycle stem is bolted to the steering column, it is most likely adjustable.
- Time required: 15 minutes
- Difficulty level: easy
- Cost: Free
If rearranging the rings did NOT fully satisfy your needs, we recommend that you resort to another trick. You can turn the stem in the opposite direction. In mountain bikes, this part is returned mainly upward, that is, by expanding the stem, you will change the height of the handlebar. The procedure is the same as before, but in this case the steering wheel is removed from the steering column.
11. Place the bike on a level surface and firmly fix its wheels. Remember at what angle the steering wheel and brake lever were located.
Remove the bolts connecting the handlebar to the stem. Remove the front stem cover and set it aside in a safe place. 12. Carefully put the steering wheel to one side, then follow the procedure for rearranging the lantern rings outlined in paragraphs 1-4.13. Disconnect the stem from the bike body, turn it upside down and insert it back into the fork stem. 14. Refit the handlebar, keeping the same angle of the brake lever and the handlebar itself. Secure the front stem cover with the manufacturer’s recommended torque (typically 4. 8 Nm). Make sure all bolts are evenly tightened and the spacing of the stem fasteners is the same everywhere. If the gaps are uneven, the functionality of the steering wheel will be impaired.
Now follow the procedure for the heavy steering column and stem, set out in paragraphs 3-7.
So it’s time to test the new rudder height in action. Adjusting the height of the rudder for a specific person Takes some time. But the result is worth the effort. If the setup was successful, you will unleash the full potential of your bike.
When adjusting the steering wheel, it is important to follow a certain sequence of actions and understand which tools you need to use.
To adjust the threaded head tube, you need a hexagon and a nut wrench, then you need to do the following:
- Loosen the bolt at the top of the stem;
- We unscrew the connection along the thread at the base, now it can be raised, and with even more vigorous loosening of the nuts and completely remove it;
- You can lubricate the steering wheel, and then, set it to the desired height, re-fix all the nuts and the upper bolt, which is unscrewed only with a hexagon.
The released steering wheel is easily adjustable in height and must be fixed after it has been installed in the position chosen for the most comfortable ride.
This setting only applies to screw connections.
But when you need to start setting up threadless glasses, which must also be adjusted in height, you will need a hex key and a regular wrench to unscrew the nuts. When these tools are prepared, the sequence of further actions is as follows:
- The bolt is loosened with a hexagon, which is located in the center of the stem;
- Then one or two side bolts are unscrewed;
- The bolts are completely removed and the handlebar with the extension is removed from the fork stem;
- Height adjustable with spacer rings. Add x. increasing the height, absorb. decreasing it. In general, it should be noted that there are very few options for increasing the height of the rudder for a threadless connection.
After finishing work Returning the bike control device to its original place and fixing the bolts. It is important in this case that the cables that lead to the brake systems and gearshift switches, and not get mixed up. It is also very important when adjusting that the steering wheel is perpendicular to the VELOBIKE wheel does not dangle. All bolts must be tightened without undue overdoing, but carefully.
Bicycle handlebar device
Indeed, with an incorrectly adjusted steering wheel height, a trip, especially over long distances, becomes extremely UNcomfortable. The back begins to ache, my arms ache, and discomfort appears in the neck. Fatigue sets in more quickly, so a properly adjusted handlebar combined with a normal riding position is the key to a pleasant ride. Before starting work on adjusting the height of the rudder, you need to understand its device:
- The handlebar itself, which is represented as a crossbar, can be straight, specially curved, but it is always what we hold in our hands when driving a bicycle;
- Small “adapter pipe”, connecting the handlebar and the fork stem is called the stem;
- A steering column consisting of two cups, bearings, rings. Thanks to this design, the steering wheel can rotate freely in the head tube;
- Finally, the glass itself, which is part of the frame. Its purpose is to contain the entire steering structure described above.
This is a general diagram of a modern bicycle’s handlebars. There are different diameters for mounting THESE components to each other, and they also differ in stem and head tube length. You can also distinguish the steering device by the steering columns, which are of two types:
- Threaded, the upper part of such a column is occupied by threads and the steering tube is fastened with a lock nut;
- Threadless, both cups of this column are pressed into a glass and bearings are placed in them.
All of these design features make it easier to control the bike and make it easier to adjust settings with them. But they complicate the maintenance of VELOBIKE, since they cannot be called simple devices.
How to adjust the handlebar height on a bike
A modern bike requires customization after purchase. Usually, first of all, pay attention to the saddle and set its required Required height. It is believed that the steering wheel is initially installed as needed, already at the factory assembly. But this is not entirely true and you need to be able to adjust it for yourself. However, fans of bicycle reels often do not know how to adjust the handlebars on a bicycle and turn to bicycle repair shops for help, although they may well do this themselves.
- Bicycle handlebar device
- Steering wheel position options
Steering wheel position options
I must say that VELOBIKE with threadless columns have very small parameters in order to adjust the height, only a few centimeters. In this sense, bicycles with threaded columns are more preferred. But there are some norms in the position of the steering wheel for a particular type of ride:
- For the elderly and children, adjust it so that when driving, the slope is 60. 90 degrees;
- For long trips, the slope should be either 60. 90 or 40. 45 degrees;
- If cycling mainly occurs on flat, asphalt roads, then here the body should be located in relation to the ground at 30. 40 degrees.
Based on THESE parameters, it is necessary to set the steering wheel in the correct position so that the trip leaves a pleasant experience every time. But in the adjustment, a lot depends on what type of bike you have and your own height. Knowing these parameters, you can easily adjust so that the trip is as comfortable as possible:
- In mountain VELOBIKE, the body should be tilted about 40 degrees, so the handlebars are level with the saddle;
- In the case of city bikes, the handlebars should be slightly higher than the saddle, but so that the back is not vertical. Otherwise, with such a ride, the owner of a two-wheeler after a while will face problems with knees, back, hemorrhoids, etc.
Setting up a two-wheeled vehicle control is an important task, as without it a normal ride is impossible.
Steering gear plays an important role in bicycle design. Without it, VELOBIKE management is impossible. The device of this design cannot be called simple, and the presence of bearings requires periodic disassembly, maintenance and lubrication. It is also important to properly tune this elevation control. Since the convenience of cycling will depend on this. The head tube height adjustment will depend on the height of the rider and the type of BIKE itself. You can perform the necessary procedures for adjusting the height yourself if you understand the design of the steering system.
Direction of adjustment
In what directions is the steering wheel adjusted? First of all, it is the height of the steering wheel. It determines the angle at which the cyclist’s body and his arms will be while riding. In turn, the tension of various muscle groups, the speed of their fatigue and, accordingly, the general state of the athlete’s body depend on the angle of inclination.
As already indicated, the rudders are often raised when riding “for rest” and lowered to reduce wind resistance in speed runs. In addition, the low simple role is the most reliable in the case of sports disciplines BMX, Trial, Downhill and the like. Actually, the handlebar height parameter is selected individually, depending on the riding style.
The “zero” position for adjustment selects the level of the bicycle saddle. The handlebar is considered high above the saddle, and low. below. Of course, all such measurements are very arbitrary, and several iterations and changes are required for the height configuration to be ideal.
How to adjust the handlebars on a bike
In fact, head tube height and direction play a significant role in riding comfort and energy efficiency. So, a high handlebar is usually chosen for recreational riding, and low models. for sports purposes. both on high-speed bikes and trial bikes.
Threadless column is the de facto standard for modern mountain bikes (you can read more about the steering column here). The mechanism here is somewhat more complicated and heavier, and the rudder is attached to the pipe using an additional element. the stem. In threaded devices, all these three components are one, which is the prerequisite for lighter weight and more reliability. The height in this case is set NOT by the position of the pipe, but by the addition of Special spacer rings on the pipe freed from extension.
Actually, the change is made as follows:
- Unscrew the anchor bolt with a hexagon (“cover” on the top of the pipe).
- We unscrew the pulling bolts of the stem, with which it is attached to the steering tube.
- Gently trying to remove the steering wheel along with the stem.
- Add spacer rings to the pipe (or remove them to reduce the total length of the structure).
- Installing the takeaway back.
- We tighten the tightening bolts first, then the anchor. The main thing is NOT to tighten the steering wheel too much, this can damage the parts.
The direction of the stem (and therefore the handlebars) should be carefully adjusted and aligned with the front wheel as it is very easy to move the structure during operations. To correct the direction, it is enough to slightly loosen the bolts on which the stem is held, and, having set the correct direction, tighten them.
Tilt angle and extension
In addition to the height, the rudder can be adjusted according to other parameters. This primarily applies to threadless speakers, as they are designed for modular change and fine tuning. Threaded versions are almost always solid and are not adapted to additional adjustments to the height.
The angle of inclination is easily changed using the hexagon. By loosening the stem bolts, the rudder tube can be “rotated” to the desired position. This is especially often required when working with raised and complex tourist rudders, since the position of the hands can be changed for each condition.
A separate issue is takeaway. Actually, in such a process as adjustment, it is a key element for threadless steering assembly. Offsets are very different:
- Vertical to increase the height;
- Horizontal to compensate for the length of the frame;
- Corner for easy installation of additional gadgets and auxiliary accessories.
The only thing to remember is that stems come in a variety of types and sizes and may NOT match the accessories you have.
Next, we’ll show you how to raise or lower the steering wheel by configuring the steering column position. However, auxiliary methods of increasing and decreasing the height are also possible:
- A sharp angle stem will help raise the handlebars.
- On a BMX bike, many handlebar options are themselves quite high, i.e. The head tube increases the height of the grip point.
However, most often they refer to the simple and provided on almost all bike models. Before starting it, you should pay attention to what type of steering column you have on your bike. The whole process of work depends on it.
The type of threaded mount is found on specialized professional bicycles, as it has less weight compared to a threadless mount, but it is most often seen on bicycles of the lower price segment and old Soviet models.
In this case, the head tube is placed inside the column and tightened with nuts, connecting to the steering gear. Everything is simple and reliable, however, it can be a little dirty. the lower part of the pipe usually collects lubricant from the mechanism.
So, the steps to change the height of the steering wheel in steps:
- Loosens the retaining nut (it “covers” the head tube at the very bottom, above the frame).
- If necessary, do the same for the head tube lock nut.
- We raise the pipe to the desired height. An extension cord may be needed to raise the bar higher than usual.
- We tighten the fastening nut first and then the lock nut.
It’s done, fixing the steering wheel was not so difficult!
Adjusting the handlebars of a bicycle is a simple operation that allows you to dramatically increase riding comfort, and with your own hands, without resorting to mechanics or “professional friends”, bring your own bike to mind. The correct handlebar height, tilt and other characteristics, no doubt, should be selected based on the rider’s own experience and comfort.
How to raise the handlebars on a mountain bike
The height and direction of the bicycle head tube provide comfort while using the vehicle. It is believed that the High setting of the rudder should be used in cases where a calm ride / walk is expected, but setting the rudder lower is useful for those who are used to overcome wind resistance and reach some peaks.
This type of headset mounting can be found in professional bicycle models, as it greatly facilitates the entire structure of the vehicle. Surprisingly, it was the threaded steering column that was equipped with all the old (Soviet) type bicycles.
The design is very simple. the steering tube is located inside the column, tightened with nuts, and thus connects to the steering gear. It is this simplicity that allows you to change the height of the bicycle handlebars in literally a matter of minutes:
- Loosens the retaining nut (located at the very bottom of the pipe, directly above the frame).
- If necessary, loosen the lock nut on the head tube.
- We raise the pipe to the required height (in some cases, it may be necessary to install an additional pipe. a kind of steering wheel extension).
- We tighten the fastening nut first, then the lock.
What is the adjustment of the bicycle handlebar
There are several ways to adjust a bicycle handlebar:
- By the height of the handlebar. this value depends on what slope the cyclist’s torso and his arms will be at while riding;
- The angle of inclination of the handlebars. this is the angle at which the handlebars are set / adjusted, which muscle groups will work during the ride, how quickly fatigue will come to the cyclist.
How to properly adjust the handlebars in the directions shown? Everything is strictly individual. a lot depends on the style of riding a two-wheeled vehicle:
- If the cyclist just enjoys a leisurely walk, overcomes distances without time pressure, then the steering wheel of the vehicle rises, its angle of inclination becomes small;
- If a cyclist goes in for sports, he has to overcome various distances for a while and demonstrate his speed capabilities, then the handlebar will lower, and its angle of inclination will increase.
How to determine the location of the steering wheel? The “starting” point is the bicycle saddle. if the handlebar is located above it in level, then the latter is adjusted to increase, and if the handlebar is located below the level of the saddle, accordingly, the adjustment was low.
How to change the height of the steering wheel
As a rule, the height of the bicycle handlebars is adjusted using the Special settings on the steering column. they are present in almost all models of two-wheeled vehicles. But first, you need to understand what type of steering column is installed on your specific bike:
In general, this type of headset is standard on mountain bikes. This mechanism is somewhat heavier and more complex than the previous type of bicycle headset, therefore the process of increasing the height of the handlebars will be somewhat more difficult. The handlebar is attached to the tube on mountain bikes using an additional element. a stem, which is used when the height of the handlebar changes.
You can change the height of the steering wheel with a threadless column as follows:
- Unscrew the anchor bolt with a hexagon (a kind of cover at the top of the pipe).
- Unscrew the tightening bolts that secure the stem to the head tube.
- Remove the steering wheel with the stem. this should be done slowly and very carefully.
- Add staging rings to the pipe, or remove unnecessary ones. it all depends on whether you need to change the height of the steering wheel in the direction of decreasing or increasing.
- Set the stem to its original place.
- Tighten the tightening bolt first, then the anchor bolt.
Please note: withit is necessary to tighten the bolts when changing the height of the handlebar on a threadless column carefully. on such bicycles, with a strong tightening, the parts become unusable. After completing the procedure for adjusting the height of the handlebar on a mountain bike, it is imperative to adjust the level of the handlebar in relation to the front wheel of the vehicle. it is very easy to shift the structure. If it is necessary to slightly correct the position of the rudder, then the anchor bolt and the mounting bolt are slightly unscrewed, the rudder is straightened to the desired position, and then the bolts are tightened again.
Additional steering wheel adjustments
As a rule, additional handlebar settings are present only on bicycles with a threadless column. this is just in mountain models.
The first thing that can be adjusted is the steering angle. This is done using a hexagon. they simply loosen the bolts on the stem, which makes it possible to scroll the steering tube to the required position. This adjustment is necessary for a mountain bike with highly raised, complex handlebars. the position of the cyclist’s hands will need to be changed quite often.
The stem deserves a separate mention. it is a key element of the handlebars with a threadless column. There are several types of removal:
- Vertical stem. it increases the height of the handlebars of a mountain bike;
- Horizontal stem. allows you to compensate for the length of the frame when adjusting the steering wheel;
- Corner stems. they help to place various body kits, gadgets on the vehicle.
Saddle tilt adjustment
Most people prefer a horizontal saddle position, but some like to have the front up or down.
Saddles have different attachment mechanisms in which the angle of inclination changes in different ways. Self-adjustment of the tilt angle is made using the corresponding screws on the seatpost mount. Single or double bolt design possible.
In the case of a single-bolt fastener, adjustment is made by loosening the screw and then tightening it.
In the second case, it is necessary to simultaneously tighten one bolt evenly and loosen the other.
To check the height of the saddle, sit on it, place one heel on the pedal and crank the crank arm until the pedal is in the lowest position.
The saddle is properly seated if your heel touches the pedal in the down position while sitting on it. If the heel does NOT reach the pedal, or, conversely, the leg is not fully extended, then the saddle height must be adjusted.
To change the height of the saddle, loosen the bolt or eccentric clamping the seatpost in the frame and move the post up or down.
Saddle Longitudinal Offset Adjustment
Most saddles can be adjusted forward / backward for optimal positioning of the cyclist to the handlebars.
Sit on the bike and check your knee position. It should be located strictly vertically with the pedal axis. At this point, the foot should be on the pedal at the lowest point. If knee protrudes noticeably forward, readjust.
This type of setting is only done after adjusting the height.
If you are adjusting the saddle longitudinal offset yourself, be sure the clamp is holding the saddle rails straight and not touching bends. Check that the clamp bolts are tightened to the recommended torque.
Threadless steering column
The height of the steering wheel is changed by installing Special adjusting rings under the stem or on the steering column tube. This adjustment must be carried out by qualified personnel.
How to properly adjust the saddle and handlebar heights?
The saddle setting determines the fit, handling and ride efficiency. Let’s take a look at how to properly adjust the saddle for a comfortable fit.
Steering wheel adjustment
The length of the stem affects a comfortable ride: with a short stem, the landing is more vertical (for recreational riding), with a long one. more horizontal (for sports riding).
Forward bicycles are equipped with a threaded or threadless steering column. Some bike models have an adjustable stem.
Threaded steering column
The handlebar height is changed by adjusting the stem height. To do this, loosen the mounting bolt located on the upper side of the stem. Raise / lower the stem, set the Required height so that the rudder is set in a plane strictly perpendicular to the plane of the front wheel.
After that, it is necessary to tighten the fastening bolt with the recommended torque.
Adjustment of control mechanisms
In most cases, steering wheel controls are represented by switches and brake levers. You can adjust the angle of their installation and the distance from the center of the steering wheel.
Please note that you should be comfortable pressing the brake levers with 1-2 fingers, do not absorb your hands from the steering wheel, and shift the shifters. If this is not the case, then it is worth changing the angle of inclination of the brake levers and shifters for yourself.
Landing on a road bike
Now let’s talk about the correct fit on road bikes. how it should be?
It is advisable to install the saddle at such a distance that the leg is slightly bent at an angle (109-degree method or universal). Set the saddle horizontally, and while riding, listen to your feelings. you may want to slightly raise or tilt your nose. Highway driving assumes smooth and measured driving at a constant speed.
As a rule, on such a path you rarely encounter bumps and holes, so the steering wheel greatly underestimates the point, for agility in handling, there is. The most optimal handlebar height on a road bike is when the angle between shoulder and torso is approximately 90 °.
Adventurer’s place. Correct riding position: riding position diagram
Correct riding position is one of the main factors for successful riding. The rider’s well-being, and his safety, and endurance, and, of course, the amount of pleasure received from the trip depends on it. In this article we will look at all the factors that affect the correct fit, as well as teach you how to properly sit on different types of bicycles.
This material is especially important to you if you, as a parent, are trying to teach your child to ride a bike. As they say, it’s easy to teach. it’s hard to retrain!
So, let’s find out how to properly sit on a bicycle while riding, so as not to overload the knees and spine.
Correct fit depending on the position of the steering wheel
Handlebar geometry has a large impact on weight distribution when riding. For a correct fit on a city bike, the height of the handlebar plays a significant role, and it is set, as in the case of the saddle position, individually.
- Raising the handlebars high will put less stress on your hands, but you will also lose dexterity when handling. This option is not suitable for mountain biking, but ideal for riding in the city or on the highway;
- If you lower the steering wheel low, your hands will get tired more, but the control will be as sharp as possible. This option is preferred for mountain or stunt bikes.
- Pay attention to the correct fit of the hands on the handlebar: the elbows are slightly bent (up to 140 °) and spread apart. The wrists are NOT twisted, and do not look back, down, or forward.
How to properly fit and adjust a saddle on a bicycle
Cycling is designed to tone all muscle groups, lift your spirits and improve your quality of life. An important role is played by the technical condition of all components of the bike and its setting. Individual fit for the cyclist is carried out according to several parameters, in particular, the position of the saddle.
The saddle setting determines the fit, handling and ride efficiency. Consider how to properly adjust the saddle so that it is both comfortable and not tired after long trips.
Seat adjustment horizontally
Correct alignment also provides the most favorable travel conditions.
The setting is carried out in the following order:
- The screw that holds the seat is loosened.
- The seat moves.
- Fixation of the structure is carried out.
- Get on your bike and check your knee position.
Such adjustment is carried out only after setting the required height. Correct setting of all parameters in accordance with physiological characteristics avoids excessive stress on arms and legs.
Now adjust the saddle step by step correctly.
Scott Thompson, Principal Consultant for Global Cycling Teams, describes how to customize your saddle at home. When it comes to fine tuning, he notes: “As with any tuning method, there are many different variables that can adjust your saddle height specifically. These may include rider flexibility, abnormal leg length or posture, which may result from scoliosis, pelvic instability or flat feet. “.
As a rule, for those who have just bought a bike and have never ridden, we start with the rider’s leg length along the seam, while he stands in a stance “feet shoulder width apart”, without boots.
You will need a building level (I think everyone has one among the tools). Walk sideways to the wall. Place a level between the legs and tighten slightly to simulate the pressure of the seat while driving. Now, keeping this position, align the level (the air bubble should be exactly in the middle between the marks).
Let’s think about the fact that we are looking strange now.
With a felt-tip pen on the wall, mark the height at which the rebuilt level turned out to be (if you want to declare yourself, use a red marker, but if you are in the living room, it is better to use a pencil))). Lower the perpendicular to the floor from this point. Using a tape measure, measure the length of this segment.
Then subtract 10 cm from this length. This will be a good starting point for a bike landing. So, if the length of your leg along the seam turned out to be 76.9 cm, then subtracting 10 cm we get a saddle height of 66.9 cm.Everything is simple.
It is necessary to postpone this distance on the bike. Measurement starts from the middle of the carriage, and the final point should be in the middle of the rail above the seat tube line (see KatrinkA).
This variation of the 109% method was developed on the basis of the athlete Lemond’s own observations.
The changes made are characterized by the following features:
- The distance between the perineum and the feet is used as a basis.
- Sizing required 88.3%.
City bike landing
In the city, people drive calmly, measuredly, unhurriedly. They DO NOT overcome obstacles on the ground, and do not pass the speed standards, and do not seek to overcome a long distance. The characteristic difference between the seating position on a city bike is a straight back and a high position of the hands on the handlebars. In this case, the angle between the body and the ground is almost 90 °.
Thus, to ride a city bike, the handlebars must be raised above the seat by at least 10 cm, and the saddle height is adjusted using a universal method. It is advisable to set the seat position horizontally. Correct leg position when riding a city bike. slightly bent at the knee joint at the bottom of the pedal travel.
Correct fit on the bike is the key to a comfortable ride!
So, you have purchased a bike. We are sincerely glad and congratulations! This is a really necessary and useful acquisition. Now all that remains is to configure it correctly for a comfortable ride.
Setting up your bike for proper fit involves manipulating the saddle and handlebars. Saddle adjustments include adjusting the saddle height, tilt, and offset, and you can adjust the handlebars by adjusting the stem length and angle, stem lift, and handlebar width and shape.
The fit of the bike you bought will also depend on whether it is walking, racing or touring. Each type differs in the settings of the bike, takes into account the peculiarities of the ride and provides for the most acceptable body position to minimize the load on the back and legs.
A walking seating position on a bicycle implies an almost flat, perpendicular to the ground, back due to the lowering of the saddle and the raised handlebars. With such a landing, there is a special load on the muscles of the arms, legs and back, and the head is in a comfortable position for contemplating the surroundings and landscapes. But this position brings certain inconveniences that experienced cyclists know, and beginners will only have to get to know them. This landing is not designed for long distances. In addition, trips over bumps and pits will negatively affect the spine.
The racing position involves supporting the bulk of the body with the arms by raising the saddle and lowering the handlebars. As a rule, the saddle is 5-10 cm higher than the handlebars. This position is typical for road bikes and requires some physical preparation and flexibility of the back. At the same time, the position of the legs and the load on the muscles are so balanced that they contribute to a long and fast ride.
Touring bike seating effectively combines the benefits of walking and racing seating. In this case, the back angle is approximately 45 ° with respect to the ground. The bicycle seat is located, as a rule, at the level of the handlebars or slightly below it. During a tourist landing, part of the cyclist’s weight is distributed to the arms, but most of it falls on the “fifth point”. For tourism, the seating position should not be too low, since in this case, during a long ride, the neck and lower back will ache, and you will NOT be able to look around and enjoy the views at all. But too high a seating position is also not suitable, because in this case the leg muscles will get tired quickly enough.
The saddle is an important factor for a proper fit on any ride and on any bicycle. A properly selected bicycle seat is a guarantee of a comfortable and, most importantly, a long ride. It often happens that a saddle that was sold with a bike is NOT comfortable. It’s easy enough to find out: after driving 25-30 km, you will feel obvious discomfort.
As you know, due to the difference in anatomy, women need a saddle slightly wider than men. The most common saddle width, according to experts, suitable for most people is 14.3 cm. In any case, absolutely all saddles are uncomfortable. This comes from a lack of practice to such loads. The discomfort should go away on its own after a week of training. If this does not happen, then pay attention to the saddle itself.
Saddle adjustment includes high-low, front-back, and up-down tilt. Setting the saddle too low can lead to problems with the knee joint, the most complex joint in the human body.
Correct saddle height implies an almost straight foot on the pedal in its lowest position, with the cyclist sitting on the saddle, holding the handlebars, and the foot on the pedal with the heel.
The saddle should be mounted almost parallel to the ground, but this is a fairly individual setting.
Adjusting the saddle back and forth according to the rules directly depends on the position of the knee over the axis of the pedal at the same height of the pedals. But, for example, athletes often use this setting to shift the center of gravity.
Even with completely correct bike settings, much of the correct fit is still up to the rider. When riding, special attention should be paid to the position of the head. It should not be too tilted, and to relax the neck muscles periodically turn your head left and right. When riding a bicycle, it is necessary to exclude unnecessary movements, because they waste a lot of energy, and then adjust the bicycle so that you do not move out of the saddle forward or backward, and also do not ride it left and right. To relieve tension in your back and legs, periodically shift up and out of the saddle.
Hand position is an important aspect in long-distance riding. For better aerodynamics and a proper fit, keep your elbows bent along your body. And before impacts with bumps in the road, try to Relax them for better shock absorption.
You can always find out these and other rules for boarding and adjusting the bike at our bike rental and repair points.
And remember, the correct riding position is the key to a comfortable ride and pleasure from a walk.
Adjusting the bike and preparing for the ride
I. Adjusting the bike for height
Saddle adjustment. The saddle is adjustable in three directions.
The height of the saddle should be such that the foot can freely reach the pedal with the heel in its lower position. It is advisable to adjust the saddle in the shoe in which you will ride. If the saddle is set too low (the cyclist sitting in the saddle reaches the ground with his feet). The muscles of the legs will tire faster, since the legs will not straighten and the muscles can “forget”. Only representatives of extreme sports lower the saddle low. It is not recommended to mount the saddle too high. First, the foot will not reach the pedal. There is a danger of overloading the muscles of the back, as the cyclist will twist when pedaling. Secondly, the landing will be too high and it will be difficult for you to maintain balance when starting and getting off the bike. In order to set the saddle to the required height, you need to Unscrew the bolt in the seatpost assembly of the frame (or Unscrew the eccentric). You will have a saddle with a seatpost attached to it. (Generally, the seat post moves freely in the seat tube, but it also happens to get stuck (due to rust, etc.). In this case, grease can be used. After pulling out the seat post, be sure to wipe remaining grease).
So, you find the right position (pay attention to the risks on the seatpost. You cannot push it higher than the inscription), and Fix the seatpost by tightening a bolt or an eccentric.
As a rule, the saddle is installed horizontally to the ground, although many find other positions for themselves. If the toe of the saddle (the front of the saddle) is too raised. There may be a feeling of falling back when driving, if, on the contrary, you are too inclined, you slide forward. Both are inconvenient to ride, so we recommend that you mount the saddle in a horizontal position.
In order to adjust the position of the saddle, it is necessary to loosen the saddle clamping mechanism in the seatpost. Unscrew the relevant bolt / nuts, position in a comfortable position and secure by tightening the bolt / nuts. (for classic fastening, box or open-end wrenches are needed to loosen the two nuts; to adjust the bolted saddle, you need to use a hex wrench to loosen the bolt tightening).
3. Forward-backward adjustment (offset)
The back and forth adjustment of the saddle is usually limited to a few centimeters. But there are rules here too. Experienced bikers give this advice: the horizontal position of the saddle should be adjusted so that the distance from the elbow to the fingertips is no more than from the toe of the saddle to the stem. In order to adjust the position of the saddle, you must do the same as p. 2
After every seat tilt level adjustment or adjustment “back and forth”, check if you have tightened the seatpost lock well. Bicycle Saddles “love” loosen, and if you ride with the saddle in a weakened position for a long time, the special notches can wear off, and the saddle will no longer “twist” no effort.
1. Height adjustment
The height of the handlebars depends on the position in which you are going to ride. If the steering wheel is raised too high, it becomes difficult to move uphill, if the steering wheel is lowered too low, it is more difficult to control the road situation. When riding on roads with car traffic, it is recommended that the cyclist’s back is at an angle of approximately 30 “to the vertical. For fitness, light walks, 45 body tilt is recommended”.60 “/ 60”.90 “. For the elderly, children, the recommended incline of the body is 60 “-90”.
For road bikes, the rider’s riding position should be lower.
But not all bicycles have wide enough handlebar adjustments. On bicycles with threadless steering columns, the handlebars can be raised only a few millimeters, installed additional spacer (distance) rings. To reduce the height of the rudder, you can only set the stem in the second type. However, many bicycles have a stem design that allows the height of the handlebars to be adjusted between 25-35mm. In order to raise or lower the handlebars, loosen the stem bolt with a hex wrench. Set the desired stand and tighten the stem bolt.
2. Centering the steering wheel
There are rudder center marks on the steering wheel. The handlebar is usually installed correctly if these marks are hidden where the handlebars are attached. However (very rarely) it happens that these markings are incorrect. If you find a manufacturer’s oversight by eye, you will have to center the steering wheel with a tape measure.
3. Centering the front wheel to the steering wheel.
Slightly loosened the handlebar fasteners, put the front wheel between the legs (the bike facing you) and center it perpendicular to the handlebar.
II. Serviceability check before departure
1. Checking the adjustment of the brake system
Spin both wheels with the brakes released. The brake pads must be 1 to 3 mm from the rim and must be close to the rim. They must NOT touch the tire or be below the rim.
Press and release the brake levers several times. They should NOT rest against the handlebars (fall through) and should NOT be west, that is, with difficulty returning to their original position. The brake levers must NOT be too soft or too tight.
2. Check for backlash and NOT tightened bolts
Make sure the handlebars are firmly attached to the stem and the steering column has no play
Check the reliability of the fastening of both wheels in the forks (believe me, not the most pleasant sensation when, for example, the front wheel jumps out and rolls forward of you!).
Check that the seat post is securely in the frame tube and the seat in the seat clamp.
3. Adjust the gear selectors
4. Check tire pressure and condition of tires
The recommended pressure is marked on the sidewall of the tire. DO NOT inflate tires above maximum pressure. High pressure corresponds to driving on hard, dry surfaces. Low pressure is suitable when driving on snow, dry sand, slippery and muddy roads. It is best to inflate the tires with a pump with a pressure gauge. If there is no pressure gauge, then you can roughly estimate the amount by which the tire deflects under the weight of the cyclist. It should be within one centimeter.
Check the condition of the tires, and in case of severe wear, replace with new ones. Worn tires. Common cause of unexpected camera punctures.
If you plan to ride in the dark, check the health of the lights and reflectors and the battery level.