How to properly adjust the bike seat

Takeaway

Experienced cyclists use the following rule of thumb to properly tune the stem on a mountain bike:

  • Rest your elbow on the edge of the front of the saddle;
  • Extend your hand with straight fingers towards the steering wheel;
  • Position the handlebars with your fingertips in the middle of the stem.

Otherwise, adjust the handlebar and saddle for yourself in such a way that it is you who, with your build and height, would be comfortable riding a bike.

Remember the rules applicable to different types of bikes and proper weight distribution.

Seating a cyclist on a saddle

The rider’s seating position is influenced by the seating position in three directions:

  • height relative to pedals;
  • horizontal tilt;
  • offset relative to the seat post.

Adjustment of the saddle of a bicycle must be made taking into account the individual data of the owner. Height determines the position of the legs while riding. If it is small, the legs will rise high, the pressure on the knee joint will increase. Fatigue in this case will appear faster, which will not allow using the bike to its full potential.

When the saddle is raised too high, the grip of the sole of the shoe with the pedals is impaired. This reduces the quality of control, does not allow you to quickly put your foot on the ground in the event of emergency braking or use it as a support during parking. Combined with the right handlebar height, this provides a comfortable fit.

The seat tilt distributes the load between the torso and arms. When leaning forward, most of the load falls on the arms. When the saddle is tilted back, pressure is distributed to the lower back and abdomen.

Sometimes it is possible to find the possibility of displacement of the seat relative to the fixing pin. This parameter is adjusted according to the length of the cyclist’s arms. The smaller it is, the closer the saddle should be to the handlebars. To ensure a correct fit, follow these steps:

  • loosen the fixing screw of the pin;
  • set the correct position;
  • securely fix the screw;
  • get behind the wheel to check the tuning accuracy.
properly, adjust, bike, seat

The seat can be moved when the height and horizontal adjustment is made.

Saddle height

The saddle height of a bicycle is the main parameter that determines the comfort of the fit. The following safety rules should be observed during configuration:

  • you should not push the pin above the set mark, since it can loosen and fall out while driving;
  • it is necessary to securely fix all fasteners;
  • the narrow end of the seat points in the direction of travel, it must be exactly opposite the frame.

To adjust the seat height, you need to:

  • loosen the eccentric or tightening nut;
  • grasping the saddle, pull out the pin or, on the contrary, press on it to lower it;
  • holding the seat with one hand, tighten the fixing elements with the other;
  • check the reliability of the fastening, if necessary tighten with a wrench.

There are several ways to align the saddle correctly:

  • numerical;
  • almost straight leg;
  • heel.

The first method is considered to be the simplest. To do this, measure the length of the leg from the groin to the foot with a centimeter or tape measure, and the result is multiplied by 1.09. Thus, with a leg length of 65 cm, the saddle height should be 71 cm.However, this method is not the most accurate, since it does not take into account human characteristics and personal feelings.

The second type of adjustment is based on the definition of leg bend. The correct position is when the leg, which is at the lowest point on the pedal, is almost straight. When the limb is stretched out in a straight line, the seat should be lowered to obtain a slight bend. If it is not possible to straighten the leg enough, the height is increased.

The heel method is applied as follows:

  • fix the bike;
  • set the heel on the pedal, and lower it to the lowest position;
  • the height of the seat is determined so that the leg is in a straight position.

The heel must be placed strictly in the center of the pedal, and the leg must be fully straightened.

Saddle tilt

It is necessary to adjust the saddle on the bicycle in the horizontal plane when the standard position is not convenient for the cyclist. It is generally accepted that the saddle is parallel to the road. Most often, this setting is needed for specific driving conditions. These include uneven sections of the road, when only tilting the seat back can reduce the load on the arms.

A properly adjusted saddle, taking into account the characteristics of the cyclist, will avoid premature fatigue in the legs and arms, as well as be comfortable and long in motion.

Height

A general rule of thumb for any type of bike when adjusting the saddle height is to keep the leg almost straight when the pedal is down.

Bend at the knee should be minimal, but do not allow the leg to be fully extended.

With this in mind, remember that the forefoot should be on the pedals, not the center or heel.

We also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the pedaling technique.

When adjusting the height, remember that the body should not wobble when pedaling.

If you have to waddle from side to side to rotate the pedal, lower the saddle 1-2 cm.

Another criterion is the position of the foot on the ground. With an optimal saddle height, you don’t have to roll over the bike unnecessarily to get one foot out of the way. If all three of the above factors apply to your bike, you have adjusted the saddle height.

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This position allows the cyclist to spend less effort while riding and gain speed faster.

If your knees are slightly bent at the bottom of the pedals, it will prevent joint pain and ensure a comfortable and long ride.

How to find out the distance between the ischial tubercles?

In adolescents, men and women, the pelvic bones have different widths and structures. Before adjusting the seat on your bike, you need to determine the distance between the ischial tubercles. For this, 2 methods are used. The first involves the use of sand or other soft material that retains its shape. Sit down and measure the distance between the two deepest points.

For the second method, you will need corrugated cardboard. You need to do the following:

  • a protective even layer is removed from the cardboard so that only a wavy surface remains;
  • then they put it on a hard, flat surface and sit on top;
  • press the buttocks tightly to the cardboard so that dents from the pelvis remain on it;
  • the recesses are circled with a marker and their center is marked;
  • the distance between the centers is the distance between the ischial tuberosities.

If the indicator is 10 cm, you should choose a seat with a width of 13-14 cm. If the distance between the bumps is 12 cm, the width of the product should be 3-4 cm wider. A saddle with a width of 14-14.5 cm is considered universal, which is suitable for adolescents, men and women.

Saddle

The first thing to set up before getting on the bike is the saddle. It is necessary to regulate:

  • Height;
  • Incline;
  • Departure in the horizontal plane.

over, depending on the person, type of bike and riding habits, these indicators will differ.

Position

If the saddle height is universal on all types of bicycles, then its position may differ.

Let’s discuss the tilt angle first. For normal riding, it is best to use a horizontal saddle position.

properly, adjust, bike, seat

This is especially true for men, because physiologically, the seat tilt can block blood circulation and pinch important organs.

In terms of seat types, there are special saddles for men with a notch in the center. They are usually narrower than the female variants. Therefore, consider this factor when choosing a bike.

Better to get a comfortable seat separate from the iron horse.

If you are climbing uphill, it is better to tilt the seat with the front part down. This will provide a more comfortable climb and reduce energy loss. When performing tricks, the saddle must be tilted back.

Many modern seats have rails in the design, with the help of which the saddle can be moved horizontally.

Before determining the optimal outreach, you need to understand the peculiarities of the rider’s landing on different types of bike.

On mountain bikes, the rider’s body should be tilted 45 degrees, and on road units, the rider “lays down” the body almost 90 degrees.

It is important to take this into account when adjusting the seat overhang. A combination of handlebar and seat adjustment provides the driver with a comfortable seating position, so don’t be content with just adjusting the saddle.

It is important to remember that if the seat is pushed too far back, the weight will shift towards the rear wheel.

This shift in the center of gravity relieves the front shock and can create the potential for an accident or rollover.

And too close a position will cause inconvenience when pedaling. In addition, in both cases, you will experience discomfort in the shoulders, neck and back.

Therefore, adjust the reach wisely based on your height, shape and riding habits.

Experiment! Set the saddle position and make several trips. If you feel uncomfortable, keep changing the settings.

As mentioned above, by combining handlebar and saddle settings, we achieve an optimal fit for the rider. And depending on the type of bike, it can be different.

The height of the handlebars determines the comfort and efficiency of the shock absorbers. If the handlebars are too high, the rider will sit almost upright.

This will shift the center of gravity towards the saddle and relieve stress on the handlebars, which will reduce the effectiveness of the front shock. Although for beginners it is better to raise the steering wheel slightly above the seat level.

On city bikes, the handlebars are flush with the saddle, while on road bikes the handlebars are lower. This is due to the position of the rider’s torso when riding.

Almost 90-degree tilt for low air resistance and high speed is achieved through the right combination of handlebar and saddle level.

How To Adjust Cycle Seat Properly | Bicycle Seat Fitting | Cycle Rider Roy

A general rule of thumb for mountain bikes is that the rider’s arms are bent at the elbows about 45 degrees.

This will ensure efficient shock absorbers and reduce hand vibration discomfort.

Saddle height

The height of the saddle must be chosen so that the heel of a slightly bent leg can reach the pedal in its lowest position. In this case, the upper surface of the toe can touch the lower surface of the same pedal. This can be clearly seen in the figure.

When the pedal is at its highest point, the thigh of the leg mounted on it should be horizontal or slightly tilted towards the ground.

By the way, please note that the seatpost must not be pulled very high out of the seat tube (above the special mark on the seatpost). It must remain inside the pipe for at least 10-15 centimeters, otherwise the pipe will simply break over time from constant heavy loads on its upper part. If the length of the pin is not enough. buy a longer one or choose a bike with a different frame.

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How to properly adjust the bike seat

A comfortable fit while riding a two-wheeled vehicle allows you to avoid premature fatigue, numbness of the hands, damage to the knee joints. A modern bike is customizable for the owner according to various parameters, which provides maximum comfort for any user. In the current article, we will consider how to properly adjust the seat on a bicycle for height, tilt and seating depth.

Correct bike seat height

The first step is to find the optimal position of the saddle in the vertical plane. The height is chosen depending on the height of the person and the riding style. Before the procedure, you need to consider safety aspects:

  • the seatpost does not protrude beyond the critical mark, otherwise the saddle may pop out during movement;
  • the seat must be firmly fixed at the selected height so that it does not shift down during the ride;
  • you must not install the saddle backwards to the front. the narrow side must necessarily look at the handlebars.

The adjustment itself is carried out according to the following general scheme:

  • The pipe into which the seat is inserted has a clamp, eccentric or clamping nut. They need to be slightly loosened.
  • While holding the seat, deepen or raise the seatpost higher.
  • Tighten the mount. Press down on the saddle with your hand to perform the first check for firm hold. If everything is in order, you can climb on the bike and jump a little, imitating movement on an uneven surface. the seat should not go down.

The correct seat height on a bicycle is determined by several methods:

  • mathematical calculation;
  • adjustment for a slightly bent leg;

The first method does not require much effort, but it is not 100% accurate. It can be applied for the first adjustment, followed by adjustment with the two remaining methods. The bottom line is as follows:

  • Measure the distance from the foot to the crotch.
  • Multiply the resulting value by 1.09.
  • The final figure indicates the distance from the pedal in the lowest position to the top of the seat.

The second option for determining the height is the most common and reliable:

  • Climb a bike with a support nearby.
  • Put your foot on the pedal and roll it to the bottom position.
  • In this position, the leg should be barely bent at the knee. If it does not reach the pedal, the height decreases; if it is too bent, it increases.

The third option, heel adjustment, involves a similar sequence of actions. The only difference is that you need to navigate by a fully extended leg:

  • Scroll the pedal to the bottom point and put your heel on it (the toe hangs down).
  • Adjust the height of the seat so that the leg is completely straight in this position. Accordingly, with the normal position of the foot on the pedal, the leg will be slightly bent.

The importance of tuning

There are three parameters for seat adjustment on a bicycle:

  • height above the pedals;
  • horizontal tilt;
  • offset relative to the steering wheel (closer, further).

Important! The main and most important is the height adjustment. If the saddle is too low, it leads to excessive bending of the legs, in turn, the muscles quickly fatigue, and the pedaling efficiency is low. In addition, the knee joint performs amplitude cyclical oscillations that are not characteristic of the body. If the rider pedals in a low position, it can be compared to constantly walking on bent legs.

A correctly adjusted seat position eliminates any negative effects of cycling on the body. The person will not get tired quickly, the legs will work normally, and in the event of an unexpected stop, it will be possible to quickly reach the ground. To ensure a proper fit, the setting must be combined with the height and tilt of the bike’s handlebars.

The horizontal tilt determines the level of stress on the arms and lower back. The standard position is parallel to the ground, however some cyclists need to tilt the seat 3-5mm to feel more comfortable in a two-wheeler.

Good to know! The offset of the saddle determines its distance from the handlebars. It all depends on the length of the arms: if it’s hard to reach the steering wheel, the seat moves closer and vice versa. On long trips, the parameter can be periodically adjusted based on the travel conditions.

In addition to the adjustments mentioned above, you need to take care of the comfort of the fifth point even at the stage of buying a bike. The optimum seat width is different for men and women. You can calculate the parameter by the ischial tubercles. To do this, you need to sit in the sand and measure the distance between the two deepest points.

With an indicator of 10 cm, a saddle with a width of 13-14 cm should be selected. If the distance between the grooves is 12 cm, then the seat should also be 3-4 cm wider. The universal saddle is 14-14.5 cm wide. it can be used by all riders without exception. However, maximum convenience is achieved by personal selection.

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Correct saddle adjustment on a bicycle

If you have already picked up and bought yourself a saddle, having studied the theory or our article, then it is time to move on to practice, namely, to correctly install the saddle on the bike. There are 3 parameters for which you need to set the saddle.

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Seatpost Height

Saddle longitudinal position

I would like to note that the initial installation of the saddle will be only approximate, in any case, you will have to learn everything in practice. That is, they put the saddle in a certain way, rode, remembered the sensations, edited the fit.

Seatpost Height

You’ve probably paid attention to other cyclists, or rather how they sit on their bike. The seatpost is lowered almost to the end, the knees work at a bend of about 90 degrees.

And it’s okay if they are representatives of stunt disciplines, because they need maximum control over the bike and the absence of obstacles in the form of a seatpost and saddle. But if a person just drives in this position, then at best his muscles get tired very quickly, at worst they suffer, and then knee joints begin to hurt.

To avoid this, we attach the saddle to the seatpost parallel to the ground, put the pedal in the lowest position, sit on the bike, put the heel on the pedal.

In this position, the leg at the knee joint should be fully extended. Accordingly, if this is not the case, then you need to raise the seatpost, but do not overdo it. After all, if you lift it too high, then you will shift from side to side on the saddle, in addition to everything, numbness of the tips of the fingers may begin.

When you press the front of your foot on the pedals, the knee should not be fully extended.

Having set the seat in height, we begin to play with the angle of inclination. Too much forward tilt of the tip of the saddle causes great discomfort. the load on the arms is seriously increased, and you will also constantly slide down. Accordingly, when the saddle is pulled back too far, it will press too much on the soft tissues of the perineum, which can lead to numbness. Therefore, the original saddle position must be parallel to the ground.

After riding the saddle set in this way, remember the sensations and make adjustments to the incline if something does not suit you. For example, the crotch has started to go numb, or you feel decent discomfort. tilt the tip of the saddle literally a couple of millimeters down and try to ride again. There are saddles with a bend in the middle of it. if set up correctly, they can be very comfortable.

Saddle longitudinal position

Many saddles have dots or rulers to help you remember the saddle position.

The saddle positioning technique is an imaginary straight line between the kneecap and the pedal axis. With this technique, we determine the correct longitudinal position of the saddle. To do this, you will need to set the pedals parallel to the ground, put your foot on the “front” pedal, see the position of the knee relative to the pedal axis in the mirror.

properly, adjust, bike, seat

You can ask a friend to take a photo and then analyze it.

You can attach a small weight (key, handle, etc.) to the rope, lean it against the kneecap and estimate the position relative to the pedal axis.

Saddle height

The saddle height of a bicycle is the main parameter that determines the comfort of the fit. The following safety rules should be observed during configuration:

  • you should not push the pin above the set mark, since it can loosen and fall out while driving;
  • it is necessary to securely fix all fasteners;
  • the narrow end of the seat points in the direction of travel, it must be exactly opposite the frame.

To adjust the seat height, you need to:

  • loosen the eccentric or tightening nut;
  • grasping the saddle, pull out the pin or, on the contrary, press on it to lower it;
  • holding the seat with one hand, tighten the fixing elements with the other;
  • check the reliability of the fastening, if necessary tighten with a wrench.

There are several ways to align the saddle correctly:

  • numerical;
  • almost straight leg;
  • heel.

How to Properly Adjust Your Saddle

The first method is considered to be the simplest. To do this, measure the length of the leg from the groin to the foot with a centimeter or tape measure, and the result is multiplied by 1.09. Thus, with a leg length of 65 cm, the saddle height should be 71 cm.However, this method is not the most accurate, since it does not take into account human characteristics and personal feelings.

The second type of adjustment is based on the definition of leg bend. The correct position is when the leg, which is at the lowest point on the pedal, is almost straight. When the limb is stretched out in a straight line, the seat should be lowered to obtain a slight bend. If it is not possible to straighten the leg enough, the height is increased.

The heel method is applied as follows:

  • fix the bike;
  • set the heel on the pedal, and lower it to the lowest position;
  • the height of the seat is determined so that the leg is in a straight position.

The heel must be placed strictly in the center of the pedal, and the leg must be fully straightened.