How to properly adjust the bike for yourself

Road and Road Bike Settings

A common method for determining the optimal saddle height is “standing leg position”. We determine by the algorithm:

If it is too bent or barely touches the pedal, then the saddle height increases or decreases, respectively. Why is it necessary to ensure the correct position of the feet when pedaling? First of all, muscle and knee fatigue will decrease, which will allow you to cover distances without interruption. The torque efficiency will also be higher due to the greater “leverage” of force. True, you should not bring your leg to perfectly straightened, otherwise it will be difficult to pedal.

In the case of road bikes, the braking performance of the rear pedals will also decrease. The range of heights should vary between the “min” and “max” marks. A seatpost that is pulled past the safety mark can be tricky when traveling!

The optimum saddle position is parallel to the ground. If desired, the cyclist can tilt it forward to the frame or backward, if the bike model allows it. It is worth noting that for road and road bikes it is better to keep a straight position.

The handlebar height adjustment is calculated relative to the installed saddle. For a city bike, it should be at the level of the saddle. This does not mean that it cannot be installed higher or lower, but first you should ride with such a height, and only then, if necessary, adjust it for yourself. The arms must be bent, but not too much, otherwise it will be inconvenient to control the bike.

A different setting is required by a high-speed road bike, where a strictly specified fit is needed. The body of the cyclist on the road bike deflects approximately 90 degrees relative to the legs. This means that the handlebars should be below the saddle, averaging a few inches.

The amount of removal is of great importance. Too much removal of the steering wheel from the front tube of the frame will make you literally cling to the handles, which will cause the whole body to involuntarily strain. In addition, visibility will deteriorate, since the head will be directed more towards the floor than forward.

A short stem is also bad: straightening the body or bending the spine. As a result, unreasonably high loads, fatigue, low riding efficiency. The size of the steering stem on adjustable structures is selected exclusively on an individual basis, especially on sport bikes for competitions! If the stem is stationary and not suitable for optimal fit, it should be replaced.

Important points for setting up your bike

Daily cycling trips give a lot of positive emotions, allow you to keep all muscles in good shape, and have a beneficial effect on the work of all body systems. Traveling on a bike means speed and convenience, because you don’t need to get stuck in a traffic jam, and the route will be much straighter than for a car. over, cycling trips will be much cheaper than public transport and, moreover, a personal car.

All of the above advantages are manifested in all their glory if the two-wheeled servant provides 100% comfort and safety to its owner, that is, it is well regulated in all respects. You can ask a specialist for help in setting up, but it is not free, and the master himself may be busy or absent. A simpler and more efficient option is to set up your bike yourself. It will not take much time, no difficulties will arise, and invaluable experience will be gained.

Adjustments include adjustments to the positions of the saddle, handlebar, suspension fork and handbrake. We will learn more about how to consistently bring your two-wheeled transport to the desired form.

properly, adjust, bike, yourself

How to customize MTB for yourself

Adjusting a mountain bike differs from adjusting a road bike or city bike due to its specific fit. On the slope of the body, it occupies something in between. within 45 degrees relative to the frame and legs. A properly tuned saddle and handlebar will allow not only not to get tired when pedaling, but also to withstand prolonged vibrations from off-road driving.

Adjustable saddle height and angle. The height is selected according to the same principle as on “asphalt” bikes. The slight difference is that, in addition to the straight leg, the forefoot should reach the ground well without tilting the frame further. If the leg in the lower position is almost straight, and the feet fully reach the floor, then it is necessary to increase the height by 1. 1.5 cm.

Since the body of a cyclist on MTB has a medium slope, the stem should be adjusted accordingly. On adjustable models, the length is chosen in such a way that when moving the hands do not take on all the vibration. Otherwise, rapid fatigue will ensue, impairing ride quality and handling. How do you achieve the optimal rudder position: height and distance from the frame? Yes, each cyclist will need an individual fit, but there are universal recommendations:

  • arms half bent at the elbows;
  • the entire length of the handles is accessible to the palms;
  • the body is relaxed, the shoulders are not tucked.
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When riding mountain bikes, the angle of the saddle is important, as well as the horizontal position. We approach this aspect more carefully: no more than 3. 5 degrees in one direction or another. Excessive leaning back will cause fatigue of the abdominal muscles and hips, and forward. an unstable position of the pelvis and, as a result, additional fatigue. Visually, the angle should be barely noticeable. Why tilt the saddle from a parallel position at all?

Due to small changes in angle, a more accurate fit is achieved, especially if the stem cannot change in length. Also, the tilt of the saddle provides for the anatomical features of a particular person. The seat slides with a special bolt located underneath. It is not worth spinning too much, but after setting the desired position, you need to tighten it tightly. Additional saddle adjustment. horizontal movement. The most comfortable position will be when the center of the knees of the seated cyclist is on a vertical line with the pedal axes.

Setting up an MTB bike includes adjusting the stiffness and stroke length of the suspension fork. The stiffer the structure, the fewer shocks it will soften when driving. There are several ways to adjust the plug:

  • Preload: tension or release of the spring, one-time change in stiffness;
  • Rebound: setting the degree of vibration damping when changing the type of road surface;
  • Extension control: allows you to change the stroke of the shock absorber, thereby selecting the optimal conditions for the road. The function also allows you to block the fork if the bike passes from mountain trails to flat asphalt. This includes an additional function. blocking in a clearly defined position.

A properly “honed” shock absorber means not only the absence of discomfort from potholes and stones, but also the preservation of the geometry of the bike and extends its service life.

V-brake and disc brake adjustment

Setting up the brakes with your own hands takes a couple of minutes, but it will help you avoid troubles in the future. Precisely adjusted braking system will give the shortest possible stopping distance and will not allow the pads to wear out prematurely.

  • firmly fixed body on the fork (or bolt for “pliers”);
  • cable tension;
  • the distance of the pads from the rim is 2.5. 3 mm;
  • instant actuation and rebound of the pads from the rim when the handle is released;
  • the surface of the cartridge pads must fully adhere to the rim.

A common problem with poor V-brake performance is under-tensioned cable and improperly positioned pads. On a caliper brake, they may be unevenly pressed against the wheel rim. Solution of problems:

  • We release the cable, then with force we stretch it a little further. A few treatments will be enough to restore normal tension. You do not need to overdo it: either the mechanism will be damaged, or the cable will be pulled over, and the brakes will not work at all.
  • Align the brake pads parallel to the wheel rim. Sometimes the problem lies not in the brake at all, but in the G8. The defect is not pleasant, but you can quickly fix it yourself.
  • The centering of the caliper brake is achieved by maximum fastening to the bolt and a uniform release position. Place it strictly in the center so that the force of the handle and cable is equally distributed between the pads.

Disc brake adjustment consists in pulling the cable and setting the distance between the shoe and the disc surface. The free clearances here are up to 0.4 mm, much less than on the V-brake. Because of this, braking and increased wear often occur.

The position of the shoe is adjusted using the adjusting screw on the body. It is almost impossible to determine the optimal distance by eye, so we run the bike and check the brakes in different positions of the handle after each adjustment.

The settings of all the described parameters are simply necessary so that trips bring only joy and do not cause inconvenience, and the bike itself requires maintenance as little as possible.

Important points for setting up your bike

Daily cycling trips give a lot of positive emotions, allow you to keep all muscles in good shape, and have a beneficial effect on the work of all body systems. Traveling on a bike means speed and convenience, because you don’t need to get stuck in a traffic jam, and the route will be much straighter than for a car. over, cycling trips will be much cheaper than public transport and, moreover, a personal car.

All of the above advantages are manifested in all their glory if the two-wheeled servant provides 100% comfort and safety to its owner, that is, it is well regulated in all respects. You can ask a specialist for help in setting up, but it is not free, and the master himself may be busy or absent. A simpler and more efficient option is to set up your bike yourself. It will not take much time, no difficulties will arise, and invaluable experience will be gained.

Adjustments include adjustments to the positions of the saddle, handlebar, suspension fork and handbrake. We will learn more about how to consistently bring your two-wheeled transport to the desired form.

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Gear Shift Setting

The shifter, or derailer, is an essential part of a bicycle drivetrain, which is used to change the gear ratio and obtain the optimal cadence. Shifting occurs when the chain is laterally displaced using a bounce, which directs it to the desired star of the system or cassette. This is a rather vulnerable and delicate mechanism, so proper tuning is required for the front and rear derailleurs to operate quickly and smoothly.

Bicycle drivetrain

Debugging takes place in two stages. First you need to adjust the rear derailleur, and only then proceed to the front. During adjustment, the following adjustments are used:

  • Limiting screws for low and high gears. They are designed to prevent chain breakdown from the extreme stars, and are marked with the appropriate letters. H and L.
  • Nut or screw securing the cable.
  • Drum for cable tension.
  • Chain tension adjuster.

Bicycle rear derailleur

The rear crossover is set up as follows:

  • The first step is to reduce the cable tension as much as possible by tightening the adjusting thumbs to the stop. At the front, the chain is installed on the largest chainring, and at the back. on the smallest.
  • The end of the cable is released by unscrewing the fixing nut or screw.
  • After the cable is released, the highest gear limiter is adjusted with screw H. Rotating the screw causes the derailer frame to move. As a result, the frame and the smallest star of the cassette should be in the same plane.
  • Having obtained the desired position, you should fix and tighten the cable, and then use the switches to move the chain to the smallest front and largest rear sprocket. This is followed by a similar process, only now the adjusting screw marked L rotates.
  • Now you need to adjust the clearance between the chain tensioner roller and the sprockets. This is done with the appropriate adjusting screw. Bringing the gears to the lowest gear position (smallest front and largest rear sprocket), set the correct roller position. The distance between it and the sprocket should be approximately 3-5 mm.
  • Debugging of gear shifting is done by changing the tension of the cable. If the cable is pulled too tight, then the derailleur jumps to small stars with difficulty and must be loosened. Insufficient tension results in slow downshifts. The change in tension is regulated by rotating the drums. Achieve quick and clear operation of the switches.

After the rear derailleur is set, the front derailleur needs to be adjusted. This process is a lot like debugging a rear crossover, but easier. As in the previous case, you must first set the limiters correctly. Low gear is tuned first. The chain is installed on the smallest front and largest rear sprocket, then the cable is disconnected.

When pedaling, the chain should not touch the frame and pass at a minimum distance from its inner part. This position is achieved with the adjusting screw L. Then tension and fix the cable again. The chain now moves to the largest front gear and the smallest rear gear. If it touches the outer side of the frame, then you need to change the gap by turning the screw marked H. In order to achieve the necessary smoothness of gear shifting, a thumbscrew is used to regulate the cable tension.

Front derailleur

Extension length and position

Adjusting the brakes

The brake is another critical element that cycling is impossible without, although some daredevils try to do it. If you want to ride the streets without putting your life in danger, you cannot do without regular inspection and adjustment of this system.

Quick, Easy & Proper Bike Setup for Spinning ® / Indoor Cycling

Mountain bikes usually have three types of brakes: rim brakes, also known as V-breaks, and disc brakes, either mechanical or hydraulic. The mechanism of operation of each of these types has its own characteristics, so their setting has certain specifics. Let’s consider the adjustment process using rim brakes as an example, since they are the most common and popular.

V-breaks use the wheel rim as a working surface. During braking, the cable is stretched, and both pads are simultaneously pressed against the rim. The cables stretch over time, so they need to be tightened periodically. Pads are subject to wear and should be replaced in time.

Rim brakes

Before proceeding with the adjustment of the brakes, it is necessary to release the end of the cable from the retainer on the lever. To give the block the correct position, it is necessary to loosen the nut that secures it to the lever. When you press the brake, the pads are set in such a way that they are pressed against the rim with their entire surface. The pads and the tire must never touch.

At the same time, the edge of the pad should not go beyond the border of the rim, otherwise it will wear off unevenly, and a protrusion will appear on it. Now the position needs to be fixed with the fastening nuts.

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Rim brake diagram

The next item in our program will be setting the levers. The purpose of this procedure is to simultaneously press the pads against the rim. The levers should be adjusted using special screws that are located near the place of their attachment to the fork. By pressing the handbrake, we determine which of the pads comes into contact with the rim earlier than the other. Now, by manipulating the screws, you need to adjust the springs and achieve simultaneous touch.

How To Perform A Basic Bike Fit

How to adjust the bike

Brake levers and shifters

Recently, a whole article was published on our website about adjusting brake levers on a mountain bike. The most important thing is to turn the knobs to a convenient angle and brake with one finger. This is the key to safe and comfortable braking. The shifter shouldn’t be in the way of your thumb, but it shouldn’t be too far from the handlebars to reach for it. The brakes and shifters are the main controls of the bike and are definitely worth taking the time to set up.!

How to install brake levers and shifters

Pedals

Who has priority when crossing the intersection with the cycle path?

  • Motorcycle driver
  • Cyclist

What wheels should be

Check the spoke tension. If the spokes are loose, and there is no spoke wrench at hand, then you should not take the pliers and try to repair them wildly, for example. Here it is worth contacting a specialized workshop. Check rim runout, usually 2mm rim runout is not critical, especially if you use disc brakes.

The tires must be inflated. The average recommended pressure is 3-3.5 atmospheres. It is necessary to inflate according to the recommended parameters. they can be found on the sidewall of the tire. for asphalt and hard ground. For rough terrain and soft ground. less. This will allow your bike to roll in the first case and cling to the ground and bumps in the second. Remember. using low pressure you risk the opportunity to pierce the chamber.

  • What brakes are better than disc or rim, whether it is necessary to change the rims to discs?

You will drive for a long time! How to quickly customize your bike

After losing the car in an underground casino, we took this mountain bike from the cleaner. The technologist of the production of the bicycle company Forward helped us quickly customize it for ourselves.

Saddle
2. Steering wheel
3. Removal of the steering wheel
4. Brake levers
5. Shifters
6. Suspension fork

Handlebar and stem

If you are accustomed to racing, set the stem with minimal lift. “This will lower the center of gravity, which will increase the maneuverability of the bike,” says Aleksey Tyulenev. “A raised stem, on the other hand, reduces maneuverability, but makes the ride more comfortable by straightening the landing.” Choose the height of the steering wheel according to the same principle (the higher. the more comfortable, the lower. the more maneuverability).

Are the Rules violated in the situations depicted??

  • Only in the first picture
  • Only in the second picture
  • Both are broken
  • Both are not broken

Tires and tire pressure

Tires should be selected based on the surface you are driving on. If you mainly ride in the city, then you hardly need a heavy mud rubber with a large projector. In this case, replacing tires with lighter and more rolling ones will noticeably facilitate your riding and increase comfort.

If you often punch wheels on rocks or curbs, you may be inflating the wheels too little. Increasing pressure will increase resistance to breakouts and improve roll-off on a flat road. Wheels that are too inflated will be very hard and any unevenness will cause discomfort.

Cycling on sidewalks and footpaths:

  • Permitted
  • Is prohibited
  • Allowed only under adult supervision.

Saddle

Sit down, put your foot on the pedal and put it down. Adjust the saddle so that the knee is almost unbent in this position (while you should not touch the lower pedal with your toe, but confidently, with the widest part of your foot). “Every time you turn the pedals, your knee needs to be relaxed, otherwise you’ll get tired quickly,” explains our consultant. There is one rule in adjusting the saddle according to the level of inclination (forward. backward): you must sit confidently (without rolling while pedaling) and preferably with ischial tubercles, so as not to disrupt the blood flow.