How to lubricate different parts
Now let’s figure out which bike lubricants to use for various bike parts.
When the need for this procedure arises, the bike owner himself decides. Either he himself empirically sets the frequency or waits for the moment until the chain emits a characteristic chirping sound (a signal that it is time to lubricate). If the chain is dry on the way, this is not a reason for panic and for the fact that you need to immediately lubricate it. A couple of tens of kilometers will not affect the state of the great, but you cannot constantly drive with an unlubricated chain. There are 2 types of lubricants for the bike chain: wet and dry.
Dry Weather Lubricant is liquid and does not stick or attract dirt and sand. The bike chain should be lubricated approximately every 100 km. It is well washed off with water, therefore it is useless in spring and during autumn rains. During this period, a thicker bicycle lubricant is applied. for rainy weather. It is necessary to lubricate with such a composition every 150-200 km.
For a more effective cleaning and lubrication of the bike chain, a special device is used. a chain hoist. First, the chain is passed through a detergent composition (white spirit, kerosene can be used in this capacity). Next, the detergent is replaced in the reservoir with a lubricating composition and the bicycle lubrication is carried out directly. There are different types of chain washers on sale. It all depends on your financial capabilities.
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- Formulations with wax;
- Silicone lubricants.
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For more information on how to lubricate a bicycle chain, read our expert tips on how to properly lubricate a bicycle chain.
Preparing the bike
Many experienced cyclists believe that after every serious trip, and even more so before the scheduled lubrication of the main mechanisms, it is necessary to carry out a comprehensive cleaning of the bike from dirt. This significantly extends the service life of the two-wheeled friend’s defining assemblies and maintains an attractive appearance.
Nowadays, the market is overwhelmed with special products in the form of bicycle cleaning fluids. Most of them chew off dirt and clean bike parts in minutes, then rinse off easily.
However, it is not at all necessary to resort to additional costs for the purchase of cleaning fluids. The expected effect can be easily obtained using ordinary hot water and shampoo. Alternatively, you can use the mildest, low-salt dishwashing detergents.
Bicycle lubrication. Lubricate wheel, rear hub, fork, bike bearings
In order for the bike to serve faithfully to its owner for many decades, the bike owner must periodically lubricate all mechanisms. Primary attention must be paid to the chassis. parts that are directly responsible for the movement of a two-wheeled horse.
Liquid bike lubricants are sold packaged in oil bottles or small canisters. Examples of such lubricants are: spindle, industrial or automotive oil. It is best to lubricate them with brake levers, cables, brake lever axles, ratchet bearings, speed switches. It is not necessary to fill in too much liquid oil as dust and dirt adhere to it. In addition, oil on the tire can damage the rubber. Industrial oil can be used to lubricate a bicycle fork.
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The bike has several cables that transmit the force from the shifters and brake levers to the front and rear derailleurs, as well as to the disc brakes or V. brake. If dirt has accumulated between the jacket and the cable, or the surfaces are dry, the controls may become seized. This leads to untimely gear changes and even to the impossibility of emergency braking.
Lubricating the bike cables
To lubricate the cable entry and exit points from the jacket, apply a couple of drops of lubricant, and then operate the shifter lever or the brake handle. This allows you to lubricate evenly and to a considerable depth.
Front fork damping system
It is the presence of a shock absorber that allows the biker not to pay attention to obstacles and makes the bike passable. A good shock absorber resists the reaction of the support to the front wheel in a timely manner, so the fork must be kept in good condition.
How to lubricate shock absorbers
Normally, it is necessary to lubricate the fork legs after 150-200 kilometers, after 700 km (on average) the oil seals are disassembled and lubricated, and annually or after a run of 3-4 thousand km. the oil in the shock absorber is completely replaced.
It is better to show all the care of the fork in the video than to describe it in detail in text. For example, here you can see all the preventive maintenance operations for the front fork and shock absorbers: