How to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle

How to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle

In recent years, Author bicycles have been quite popular. http://mighty-sport.ru/. This clearly indicates that more and more consumers are beginning to appreciate high quality and reliability.

However, even if you have purchased a bike with the best performance, you still need to properly and promptly take care of it. And, in particular, it is extremely important to know how to properly lubricate all the nodes of your iron horse.

Below we will talk about how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle. over, it should be noted right away that this process should be taken very seriously. After all, each node of the mechanism requires a special approach. And this is all the more true if we are talking about those units that are considered hydraulic by definition. namely, these units include the shock absorbers and brakes of the mechanism. Experts recommend using only those oils recommended by the manufacturers of such bicycles for the care of shock absorbers. otherwise, you can make a mistake, which will be quite expensive.!

The amount of oil used should be calculated in such a way that your vehicle does not experience the so-called oil hunger, but also does not bathe in grease. After all, if oil flows out of the components of the mechanism, this will not only violate the aesthetics of its appearance, but also lead to other, much more serious, consequences.

Now let’s talk about what kind of lubricants are best used for caring for bicycle assemblies. The main types of oils are:

Aerosol. These are oils offered to manufacturers in special cans. over, despite the fact that they are able to penetrate into the most inaccessible places, aerosol oils are not suitable for caring for shock absorbers. it is much more expedient to use them for the chain of your iron horse.

Liquid. Such oils, offered to the consumer in oil bottles, are considered more suitable for lubricating shock absorbers, because the shape of the bottle ensures high accuracy of application. Remember, however, that many liquid lubricants tend to thicken and harden strongly at low temperatures.

Thick (consistent). They are supplied in special jars or tubes and are perfect for taking care of the shock absorbers of the vehicles in question.

How to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle

The most popular and cheapest shock absorber is spring-elastomeric. This shock absorber is very simple in design: a polymer rod is inserted inside the steel spring, which dampens vibrations.

The second type is oil-spring, more modern and reliable. Due to its relative cheapness and simplicity of design, it has become one of the most common in cycling.

And the third type is oil-air. It uses a compressed air cylinder instead of a spring. Due to the complexity of the design, it is better to repair them in specialized workshops, where they know exactly how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle.

lubricate, shock, absorbers, bicycle

A poorly lubricated and misaligned mechanism can not only make an unpleasant sound, but also make it difficult to control the bike, spoiling all the enjoyment of sports. The ideal option is to externally clean the bike fork after every ride, and at least once a season to lubricate the internal parts of the mechanism. The easiest way is to take the bike to a workshop, whose master knows exactly what to do, but experienced cyclists can try it themselves.

Springs and Elastomer Springs can be lubricated without disassembling the fork. For this, the grease is drawn into a syringe and poured under the boot. After that, the bike should be rocked and the excess oil removed with a napkin. But!

This is a quick, hiking option used when it is not possible to disassemble the bike even partially. According to the rules, you should first unscrew the mounting bolts from the bottom, then unscrew the Preload bolt, get the elastomer and the spring, unscrew the mounting bolts and remove the pants, that is, the part of the bicycle fork to which the wheel is attached. This is where the most dirt is located and it is this part that most often needs repair.

Anthers are taken from the last part (they can be easily picked up with a screwdriver).

All parts must be cleaned of road dirt and oil residues. Masters recommend using exclusively branded lubricant or taking universal Teflon. After that, you should lubricate the parts, and assemble the plug back.

Maintenance of the oil spring design is also simple. If the open oil bath method is used, then the oil is simply drained and the parts cleaned. This system is perhaps the easiest to maintain, and inspection and minor repairs can be performed even at home. Things are a little more complicated with a closed oil bath. The oil in this design is in the capsule and changes along with the entire capsule.

In contrast to the first option, a closed oil bath often requires more maintenance.

The most whimsical service is considered to be an oil-air shock absorber. To clean and lubricate it, you must:

  • Unscrew and clean the shock absorber. This will prevent debris from entering the air chamber;
  • Open valves and relieve pressure. If done correctly, the mechanism will be easy to compress and unclench;
  • Further, the mounting parts are removed from the shock absorber, and the air chamber itself is disassembled;
  • Then the oil seal should be removed. If any parts are damaged, it’s time to replace them or perform other repairs. If everything is intact, then old grease and mechanical impurities are removed, and you can start assembling the bicycle fork;
  • Fork oil is poured onto the shock absorber body, placed vertically. Gaskets and seals are installed in place. The air chamber is pushed all the way so that no air escapes from it. It is better to add a little more oil, and only then screw it back to the shock absorber body;
  • Next, the shock absorber is inflated to the desired pressure and installed in place.

Motorists have a saying: The car loves affection, cleanliness and lubrication. The same can be said for a bicycle, although it requires much less maintenance. If you know how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle, then this procedure will not seem long or laborious at all, and the iron horse runs without repair for more than one season.

How to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle

The most popular and cheapest shock absorber is spring-elastomeric. This shock absorber is very simple in design: a polymer rod is inserted inside the steel spring, which dampens vibrations.

The second type is oil-spring, more modern and reliable. Due to its relative cheapness and simplicity of design, it has become one of the most common in cycling.

And the third type is oil-air. It uses a compressed air cylinder instead of a spring. Due to the complexity of the design, it is better to repair them in specialized workshops, where they know exactly how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle.

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Lubrication of shock absorbers

A poorly oiled and misaligned mechanism can not only make an unpleasant sound, but can also make it difficult to control the bike, spoiling all the enjoyment of sports. The ideal option is to externally clean the bike fork after every ride, and at least once a season to lubricate the internal parts of the mechanism. The easiest way is to take the bike to a workshop, whose master knows exactly what to do, but experienced cyclists can try it themselves.

Springs and Elastomer Springs can be lubricated without disassembling the bike fork. For this, the grease is drawn into a syringe and poured under the boot. After that, the bike should be rocked and excess oil removed with a napkin. But! This is a quick, hiking option used when the bike cannot be disassembled even partially. According to the rules, you should first unscrew the mounting bolts from the bottom, then unscrew the Preload bolt, get the elastomer and the spring, unscrew the mounting bolts and remove the pants, that is, the part of the bicycle fork to which the wheel is attached. This is where the most dirt is found and it is this part that most often needs repairs. Anthers are taken from the last part (they can be easily picked up with a screwdriver).

Maintenance of the oil spring design is also simple. If the open oil bath method is used, then the oil is simply drained and the parts cleaned. This system is perhaps the easiest to maintain, and inspection and minor repairs can be performed even at home. Things are a little more complicated with a closed oil bath. The oil in this design is in the capsule and changes with the entire capsule. In contrast to the first option, a closed oil bath often requires more maintenance.

The most whimsical service is considered to be an oil-air shock absorber. To clean and lubricate it, you must:

  • Unscrew and clean the shock absorber. This will prevent debris from entering the air chamber;
  • Open valves and relieve pressure. If done correctly, the mechanism will be easy to compress and unclench;
  • Further, the mounting parts are removed from the shock absorber, and the air chamber itself is disassembled;
  • Then the oil seal should be removed. If any parts are damaged, it’s time to replace them or perform other repairs. If everything is intact, then old grease and mechanical impurities are removed, and you can start assembling the bicycle fork;
  • Fork oil is poured onto the shock absorber body, placed vertically. Gaskets and seals are installed in place. The air chamber is pushed all the way so that no air escapes from it. It is better to add a little more oil, and only then screw it back to the shock absorber body;
  • Next, the shock absorber is inflated to the desired pressure and installed in place.

Motorists have a saying: The car loves affection, cleanliness and lubrication. The same can be said for a bicycle, although it requires much less maintenance. If you know how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle, then this procedure will not seem long or laborious at all, and the iron horse runs without repair for more than one season.

How and how to properly lubricate the front fork of a bicycle?

There are various options for how to lubricate a bicycle spring fork. Litol grease is well suited for these purposes. 24. It is designed for use in a wide temperature range (from 50 to 150 ° C), does not thicken and confidently copes with its tasks. It is undesirable to pour liquid oils into the fork pants in order to avoid them dripping, the mechanism running dry, the jerky functioning of the spring and other problems in the operation of the shock absorber.

In general, the choice of bicycle lubricants is very wide, but they can all be divided into 3 groups:

  • Thick (consistent). Reliable and durable formulations that work well over a wide temperature range. But they are not easy to apply and attract dust. The thick formulations are ideal for machining bearings, arm bushings and other slow rotating components. Popular greases. petroleum jelly, lithium, graphite and calcium formulations.
  • Liquid. Easy-to-apply products, easily poured even into unassembled units. Surplus of such funds can be easily wiped off. But liquid lubricants change viscosity when the temperature changes and easily drain from surfaces. Bicycle forks are lubricated with industrial oil.
  • Two-component. These products are composed of a thick oil and a solvent. They are convenient when processing prefabricated mechanisms. Popular types of 2-component lubricants are silicone, teflon and wax. The latter requires more frequent updates.

Now let’s look at how to lubricate an e-bike plug by disassembling it. It is necessary to apply generous grease to the spring, ramming the composition between its rings. Excess grease will flow out through the stem bore and packing box. Additionally, you need to apply a lubricant to the grooves of the cuffs and pants. All rubbing elements must be lubricated with a thin layer. At the end of the lubrication process, it remains to assemble and install the fork back.

Assembly and installation of the fork after lubrication

To assemble and put the plug back, you need to perform the above steps in reverse order:

  • Install 2 stems on legs and springs. Lock the adjustments on the fork legs.
  • Place the stops and stops located at the bottom on the rods.
  • Install the oil seals. Fix the pants on the legs of the fork. Tighten the bolts.
  • Put on the assembled fork. Fix the stem and other dismantled elements.
  • If there are rudder tube backlashes, eliminate them.

After inserting the lubricated fork back into the cuffs of her pants, lubricant will leak out, and this is normal. Gradually, excess lubricant will come out, and its release will stop. But for some time after lubrication, you will have to wipe off the excess of the applied composition after each rental.

Lubrication of shock absorbers

A poorly oiled and misaligned mechanism can not only make an unpleasant sound, but can also make it difficult to control the bike, spoiling all the enjoyment of sports. The ideal option is to externally clean the bike fork after every ride, and at least once a season to lubricate the internal parts of the mechanism. The easiest way is to take the bike to a workshop, whose master knows exactly what to do, but experienced cyclists can try it themselves.

Springs and Elastomer Springs can be lubricated without disassembling the bike fork. For this, the grease is drawn into a syringe and poured under the boot. After that, the bike should be rocked and excess oil removed with a napkin. But! This is a quick, hiking option used when the bike cannot be disassembled even partially. According to the rules, you should first unscrew the mounting bolts from the bottom, then unscrew the Preload bolt, get the elastomer and the spring, unscrew the mounting bolts and remove the pants, that is, the part of the bicycle fork to which the wheel is attached. This is where the most dirt is found and it is this part that most often needs repairs. Anthers are taken from the last part (they can be easily picked up with a screwdriver).

Maintenance of the oil spring design is also simple. If the open oil bath method is used, then the oil is simply drained and the parts cleaned. This system is perhaps the easiest to maintain, and inspection and minor repairs can be performed even at home. Things are a little more complicated with a closed oil bath. The oil in this design is in the capsule and changes with the entire capsule. In contrast to the first option, a closed oil bath often requires more maintenance.

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The most whimsical service is considered to be an oil-air shock absorber. To clean and lubricate it, you must:

  • Unscrew and clean the shock absorber. This will prevent debris from entering the air chamber;
  • Open valves and relieve pressure. If done correctly, the mechanism will be easy to compress and unclench;
  • Further, the mounting parts are removed from the shock absorber, and the air chamber itself is disassembled;
  • Then the oil seal should be removed. If any parts are damaged, it’s time to replace them or perform other repairs. If everything is intact, then old grease and mechanical impurities are removed, and you can start assembling the bicycle fork;
  • Fork oil is poured onto the shock absorber body, placed vertically. Gaskets and seals are installed in place. The air chamber is pushed all the way so that no air escapes from it. It is better to add a little more oil, and only then screw it back to the shock absorber body;
  • Next, the shock absorber is inflated to the desired pressure and installed in place.

Motorists have a saying: The car loves affection, cleanliness and lubrication. The same can be said for a bicycle, although it requires much less maintenance. If you know how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle, then this procedure will not seem long or laborious at all, and the iron horse runs without repair for more than one season.

How and how can you lubricate a bicycle suspension fork

I use Litol-24 grease to lubricate all of the bike’s front fork assemblies, including both the shock absorber and the head tube bearings. It is believed that it negatively affects aluminum parts when moisture gets in. But using it for five seasons, no negative consequences were noticed. The advantages of this grease include good temperature resistance. It does not thicken both in severe frost up to 50 C, and in extreme heat (up to 150 C).

Many people advise pouring liquid machine oils, sewing machine oil, and others into their forks. Personally, in my experience, there was a deterioration in the performance of the fork shock absorber (jerks were observed during compression and rebound of the spring). And if liquid oils worked better, manufacturers would have filled them in initially, which they do not.

We figured out how to lubricate a bicycle fork. Next, let’s look at how to do this. We apply grease to the spring with excess (we ram the lubricant between the spring rings), the excess will come out through the hole under the stem and, if there is an excess in the pants, it will be squeezed out through the stuffing box seals (but you shouldn’t overdo it either). We also apply grease to the grooves of the cuffs and add forks to the pants. We lubricate all rubbing parts with a thin layer.

Before installing the plug into the glass, do not forget to lubricate the bearings, rings and cups.

This completes the lubrication process and you can go back to assembling and installing the bicycle fork.

How to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle

The most popular and cheapest shock absorber is spring-elastomeric. This shock absorber is very simple in design: a polymer rod is inserted inside the steel spring, which dampens vibrations.

The second type is oil-spring, more modern and reliable. Due to its relative cheapness and simplicity of design, it has become one of the most common in cycling.

And the third type is oil-air. It uses a compressed air cylinder instead of a spring. Due to the complexity of the design, it is better to repair them in specialized workshops, where they know exactly how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle.

CHEAP Mountain bike spring shock to DNM 165mm suspension strut.

As you may have noticed, removing, disassembling and lubricating a mountain or city bike suspension fork at home is not that difficult. The main thing is to treat this process responsibly and do everything consistently. The better you take care of your iron horse, the longer it will delight you with its trouble-free work.

Fork maintenance intervals

The frequency of changing the lubricant of a bicycle fork depends not least on the road surface on which you are riding. If there is an abundance of dust, mud, sand and other abrasive material on your routes, then the frequency of service should be increased. Here are the average figures after which maintenance should be performed.

Approximately every 700-800 km, the oil seals should be disassembled and lubricated, and every 4000-5000 km the entire fork is moved and lubricated.

lubricate, shock, absorbers, bicycle

How to disassemble a bicycle suspension fork

After we have removed the suspension fork from the bike, old used grease should be removed from all of the above components, namely the bearings, cups and raceways, as well as the steering tube and other areas. It’s not worth applying a new one yet, we will add it back to the glass at the stage of installing the plug.

How to make your mountain bike coil suspension move freely

Next, let’s start disassembling the shock absorber for further lubrication replacement.

  • Turn the fork over and unscrew the mounting bolts.
  • We remove the pants from the legs of the fork. If necessary, remove the oil seals.
  • We remove used lubricant from all accessible surfaces. This procedure can be left for later and performed after complete disassembly, but it is preferable to do it right away in order to avoid oily marks on clothes, tools, etc. Do not forget to remove dirt and grease from the cuffs of the bicycle fork, as well as from the inside of the pants themselves.
  • Then remove the lower travel stops and stop stops. To do this, we apply a little effort and pull them off the rods.
  • We unscrew the adjustments on each of the fork legs. They are unscrewed using a special key, which, unfortunately, we did not have. Therefore, we had to make our own self-made key for these cases. We will attach a photo below, suddenly someone will come in handy. We take out the springs with caps and elastomers, as well as two rods (one from each leg).
  • Removing old grease from all fork surfaces.

How to Make Your Fork Super Plush!

This completes the process of disassembling the bicycle fork shock absorber. Next, apply new grease. What can be used as a lubricant, we will consider below.

How to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle

The most popular and cheapest shock absorber is spring-elastomeric. This shock absorber is very simple in design: a polymer rod is inserted inside the steel spring, which dampens vibrations.

The second type is oil-spring, more modern and reliable. Due to its relative cheapness and simplicity of design, it has become one of the most common in cycling.

And the third type is oil-air. It uses a compressed air cylinder instead of a spring. Due to the complexity of the design, it is better to repair them in specialized workshops, where they know exactly how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle.

As you may have noticed, removing, disassembling and lubricating a mountain or city bike suspension fork at home is not that difficult. The main thing is to treat this process responsibly and do everything consistently. The better you take care of your iron horse, the longer it will delight you with its trouble-free work.

Main run carriage

We can say that this is the main axis of the bicycle. It is from her that an impulse is distributed to other elements. Therefore, the speed, ease, and comfort of the stroke depend on the state of the carriage. The carriage elements are:

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A different, thick grease is put into the carriage, not the kind that drips onto the chain or cables.

Lubrication of shock absorbers

A poorly oiled and misaligned mechanism can not only make an unpleasant sound, but can also make it difficult to control the bike, spoiling all the enjoyment of sports. The ideal option is to externally clean the bike fork after every ride, and at least once a season to lubricate the internal parts of the mechanism. The easiest way is to take the bike to a workshop, whose master knows exactly what to do, but experienced cyclists can try it themselves.

Springs and Elastomer Springs can be lubricated without disassembling the bike fork. For this, the grease is drawn into a syringe and poured under the boot. After that, the bike should be rocked and excess oil removed with a napkin. But! This is a quick, hiking option used when the bike cannot be disassembled even partially. According to the rules, you should first unscrew the mounting bolts from the bottom, then unscrew the Preload bolt, get the elastomer and the spring, unscrew the mounting bolts and remove the pants, that is, the part of the bicycle fork to which the wheel is attached. This is where the most dirt is found and it is this part that most often needs repairs. Anthers are taken from the last part (they can be easily picked up with a screwdriver).

Maintenance of the oil spring design is also simple. If the open oil bath method is used, then the oil is simply drained and the parts cleaned. This system is perhaps the easiest to maintain, and inspection and minor repairs can be performed even at home. Things are a little more complicated with a closed oil bath. The oil in this design is in the capsule and changes with the entire capsule. In contrast to the first option, a closed oil bath often requires more maintenance.

The most whimsical service is considered to be an oil-air shock absorber. To clean and lubricate it, you must:

  • Unscrew and clean the shock absorber. This will prevent debris from entering the air chamber;
  • Open valves and relieve pressure. If done correctly, the mechanism will be easy to compress and unclench;
  • Further, the mounting parts are removed from the shock absorber, and the air chamber itself is disassembled;
  • Then the oil seal should be removed. If any parts are damaged, it’s time to replace them or perform other repairs. If everything is intact, then old grease and mechanical impurities are removed, and you can start assembling the bicycle fork;
  • Fork oil is poured onto the shock absorber body, placed vertically. Gaskets and seals are installed in place. The air chamber is pushed all the way so that no air escapes from it. It is better to add a little more oil, and only then screw it back to the shock absorber body;
  • Next, the shock absorber is inflated to the desired pressure and installed in place.

Motorists have a saying: The car loves affection, cleanliness and lubrication. The same can be said for a bicycle, although it requires much less maintenance. If you know how to lubricate shock absorbers on a bicycle, then this procedure will not seem long or laborious at all, and the iron horse runs without repair for more than one season.

Front and rear derailleurs

The continuity of the cycle depends on the clarity and consistency of their actions. Sometimes, especially when going uphill, switching should be done immediately after the afterburner, in order to change gears not in tension, but in free speed. This often takes a fraction of a second, and the switches must be flawlessly engaged so that the upward climb does not get bogged down.

Switches are ideally disassembled for lubrication. information about maintenance and lubrication can be found here:

lubricate, shock, absorbers, bicycle

How to lubricate the carriage

Lubrication of the carriage on a bicycle is done by simply placing grease in the cups and on the surface of the bearings, on the bushing, and by distributing them evenly. In addition, before lubricating the carriage, it is advisable to thoroughly wash the bearings and all cavities, the surface of the bushing, for example, with kerosene. It is flushing that will subsequently make it possible to properly lubricate the carriage.

How to lubricate your bike

Best suited for this purpose is the widely sold vadashka. spray WD-40. This grease has a long, thin tube spray nozzle that allows you to get to the most difficult to reach connections on your bike.

You can, of course, use regular oil in the old fashioned way, but avoid using lithol. It has the awful tendency to collect all the dirt and dust you can find.

How to properly lubricate your bike

You can start from any part of the bike. whichever is more convenient for you. Need lubrication:

  • cassettes and stars. To do this, it is enough to lubricate the chain and turn the pedals several times.
  • brake system. Apply the brakes fully and lubricate the cable and pivot. Do not forget about the points of entry of the cable into the shirt. If you are using v-brakes, take extra care not to oil the rim. Otherwise, the brakes will have to be thrown out. For v-brake, only the joints of the brake levers with the axle are lubricated.
  • front and rear derailleur. All moving parts must be lubricated in them. Try to move them to one side and the other, so you can see which parts are moving. Do not forget to lubricate the rollers at the rear derailleur by splashing oil on the axles along which they rotate (see the article Adjusting the rear derailleur).

After completing the lubrication procedure, be sure to rotate the pedals, press the brake levers several times, shift gears up and down. Then take a close look at the bike. If oil appears anywhere, it must be thoroughly wiped off. After that, the mountain bike is ready to conquer any road and off-road again.

How and how to lubricate the bike?

Everyone knows that mountain bike mechanisms, like any others, need lubrication. But when it comes to this procedure, a lot of questions arise: how to lubricate, when to lubricate, how and where to lubricate.

The first thing to remember is that you can only lubricate if there is no dirt on the bike. After water procedures (is it possible to wash the bike), let your iron horse dry for several hours and only then start lubricating.

When to lubricate

In order for the equipment to serve for a long time, it is enough to carry out the lubrication procedure a couple of times per season. at the beginning and at the end. But if you went through an extreme load with your bike, after which a thorough wash is required, do not be too lazy to lubricate it again.

The text was prepared by Roman Borisov. Published: 28 May, 2020. Categories: Repair and maintenance.

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