How to lubricate a mountain bike fork

Withdrawal rules

A fork is a multicomponent element. Attached to it are the speed sensor, brake caliper, hydraulic line, fender, V-brake.

In order to remove it, you must sequentially perform the following steps:

  • remove the bolts that hold the stem on the rudder tube;
  • dismantle the anchor bolt;
  • dismantle the steering wheel with a stem (this must be done with the utmost care, since there is a danger of damaging the hydraulic line);
  • dismantle the spacer rings;
  • remove the guide sleeve;
  • remove the lower part of the handlebar from the retaining glass;
  • remove the bearing;
  • carefully remove the rolling ring.

After that, the eccentric is loosened and the wheel itself is removed.

The bike owner must have a complete set of screwdrivers. For example, to remove a guide sleeve, you need the most compact of them. Only with it can you pry the sleeve in the cutting area.

It is recommended to lay out all the dismantled elements in sequence. as they were removed. A tried and tested trick is to photograph every stage of the work. This will allow rewiring without error.

How to properly lubricate a mountain bike?

A bicycle is one of such human mechanical inventions, in which there are elements that interact with each other by rolling some surfaces relative to others (wheel hubs, main carriage), by means of a chain transmission and by entering one smaller cylindrical surface into another. this is the damping mechanism front fork.

Despite the fact that bearings significantly reduce friction, proper lubrication of all these elements is necessary: ​​friction is reduced, movement is facilitated. This increases the life of the parts. However, it is important to know how to lubricate your bike properly.

The better the bike, the better the factory lubricant, the longer it lasts. These mountain bike models include, for example, Merida, GT. For example, it is known that the 2009 GT Avalanche 2.0 can freely gain 10,000 km without any lubrication of the bushings and carriages, while there is no damage to the bearings. Of course, this does not mean that you should not give a damn about the maintenance of the bike.

In the event that you buy an Auchan bike, it will be correct to open all the units that need lubrication immediately after purchase, check them and lubricate them again. Sometimes you need to replace something right away, for example, the rear bushing and bearings of the main carriage.

Probably it is not necessary to additionally indicate that only a thoroughly washed and, most importantly, dried bike should be lubricated.

Basic MTB Fork Maintenance You Should Be Doing | Mountain Bike Maintenance

So which parts of the bike need lubrication and how is it done?

lubricate, mountain, bike, fork

The ride comfort depends on the regular lubrication of the bicycle chain. the chain does not buzz, it switches easily and freely. As a rule, the need for lubrication arises if the chain begins to rustle, rattle, and it is also difficult to shift gears. This can be felt after intensive driving in rain and muddy weather, after the chain is dry.

How and how to lubricate a bicycle fork?

Every part of the bike has its own functional meaning. The fork is designed to smooth out shocks and minimize stress on the arms. By fulfilling the amortization task, it extends the useful life of the frame. The fork is a fairly strong part, but it needs periodic preventive measures. This article explains how to lubricate a bicycle front fork.

Wire ropes

The bike has several cables that transmit the force from the shifters and brake levers to the front and rear derailleurs, as well as to the disc brakes or V. brake. If dirt has accumulated between the jacket and the cable, or the surfaces are dry, the controls may become seized. This leads to untimely gear changes and even to the impossibility of emergency braking.

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To lubricate the cable entry and exit points from the jacket, apply a couple of drops of lubricant, and then operate the shifter lever or the brake handle. This allows you to lubricate evenly and to a considerable depth.

Front fork damping system

It is the presence of a shock absorber that allows the biker not to pay attention to obstacles and makes the bike passable. A good shock absorber resists the reaction of the support to the front wheel in a timely manner, so the fork must be kept in good condition.

Normally, it is necessary to lubricate the fork legs after 150-200 kilometers, after 700 km (on average) the oil seals are disassembled and lubricated, and annually or after a run of 3-4 thousand km. the oil in the shock absorber is completely replaced.

It is better to show all the care of the fork in the video than to describe it in detail in text. For example, here you can see all the preventive maintenance operations for the front fork and shock absorbers:

How to lubricate a bicycle chain

  • increase the chain tension by moving it to the corresponding large sprockets;
  • carefully clean the chain from dirt, you can use a rag by pressing it against the free section of the bicycle chain and turning the pedal;
  • then we lubricate the chain, it is better to apply the lubricant over the top point of the roller (if the bike is standing with its wheels up). Make sure one drop falls on each link.
  • When the whole chain is lubricated, you need to intensively turn the pedals in the opposite direction for a minute. idling of the chain, and then, choosing an average speed, turn the bicycle chain in the forward direction.
  • At the final stage, you need to remove all excess oil from the outside with a soft clean rag, since the main action of the lubricant is to work on the inner joints of the links, and from the outside, ordinary grease clings to dust, poplar fluff and contaminates the rollers and rear sprockets with its deposits. So don’t be afraid to rub the chain properly.

In addition to lubrication, you need to monitor the mileage of the chain. On average, it needs to be replaced after every 1500. 2000 km for the following reasons:

  • it starts to sag;
  • fuzzy gear shifting;
  • the extended chain damages the cassette sprockets on the rear wheel.

Also, the question often arises about how often to lubricate the chain.?

There are no uniform standards. It all depends on the feelings of the bike owner:

  • if resistance or crunch appears in the circuit;
  • after driving through dust and sand;
  • after any walk that exceeds 3-5 hours.

Some people lubricate the chain after 100 km of run, regardless of operating conditions. Probably this decision is the most correct, as it teaches you to regular maintenance.

How to assemble and put the plug back

The process of assembling and installing a bicycle suspension fork is carried out in the reverse order. The only thing that you should carefully and carefully perform this operation in order to avoid incorrect installation of components. After you have installed the assembled fork back on the bike, secured the stem, be sure to check that there is no play in the steering tube in the frame glass. If they are observed, then be sure to eliminate them before the trip.

After you set everything up and start riding, the first time there will be an abundant release of grease through the cuffs of the bike fork pants. Don’t worry, this is normal. Over time, excess oil will be squeezed out, and this process will stop. During this period, do not be lazy, and do not forget to wash off excess lubricant after each trip.

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How to remove a bicycle fork

Below you will find detailed instructions for dismantling the front suspension fork with explanatory pictures.

  • First of all, we carry out preparatory work, namely, we unscrew everything that is attached to the plug. In our case, this is the brake caliper, as well as the front disc brake hose, which is clamped to the fork legs. If you have V-brakes installed, then dismantle them. This also applies to the speed sensor from the bike computer, front fender, etc.
  • Unscrew the bolts securing the stem to the steering tube, and then unscrew the bicycle fork anchor bolt.
  • Carefully remove the steering wheel together with the stem and lower it down. At this stage, you should act carefully so as not to damage the hydraulic lines or accidentally hitting the metal parts of the steering wheel on the frame, so as not to scratch the latter.
  • Remove the spacer rings and the guide sleeve (cone). To do this, carefully pry it with a small flat screwdriver in the area of ​​the cut. Then we take out the upper rolling ring and the upper bearing. All these actions are illustrated by the pictures below.
  • All operations have been completed and now you can carefully remove the steering tube from the glass. After that, it remains for us to get the bearing, the lower rolling ring and remove the front wheel. To do this, we loosen the eccentric or unscrew the fixing bolts (depending on the type of attachment). This completes the process of removing the bike fork.

Withdrawal rules

A fork is a multicomponent element. Attached to it are the speed sensor, brake caliper, hydraulic line, fender, V-brake.

In order to remove it, you must sequentially perform the following steps:

  • remove the bolts that hold the stem on the rudder tube;
  • dismantle the anchor bolt;
  • dismantle the steering wheel with a stem (this must be done with the utmost care, since there is a danger of damaging the hydraulic line);
  • dismantle the spacer rings;
  • remove the guide sleeve;
  • remove the lower part of the handlebar from the retaining glass;
  • remove the bearing;
  • carefully remove the rolling ring.

After that, the eccentric is loosened and the wheel itself is removed.

The bike owner must have a complete set of screwdrivers. For example, to remove a guide sleeve, you need the most compact of them. Only with it can you pry the sleeve in the cutting area.

It is recommended to lay out all the dismantled elements in sequence. as they were removed. A tried and tested trick is to photograph every stage of the work. This will allow the reverse assembly to be carried out without error.

How and how to lubricate a bicycle fork?

Every part of the bike has its own functional meaning. The fork is designed to smooth out shocks and minimize stress on the arms. By fulfilling the amortization task, it extends the useful life of the frame. The fork is a fairly strong part, but it needs periodic preventive measures. This article explains how to lubricate a bicycle front fork.

Chain tensioning mechanism

Rear derailleur rollers. They are often clogged with grease and dirt deposits that have thickened around the perimeter. They must be removed carefully, for example with a flat head screwdriver.

It is necessary to apply a dotted liquid lubricant on the roller axles to avoid squeaking and tight rotation. Only lubricated, they are able to keep the chain taut.

About the types of lubricants

Greases with an increased m of any element. such as lithium or calcium.

Lithium greased. such as Litol-24, it is good to lubricate the bearing axles, the carriage. It is lithium that gives the lubricant a specific slip, and it exhibits antifriction properties. In addition, lubricants with the addition of lithium do not thicken in frost up to 50 degrees and do not liquefy even at midday temperature in the desert, since they are capable of not changing their properties when heated to 150 degrees. The negative side is a fairly high water solubility, therefore, the lubrication points must be sealed with sealed anthers. In addition, this lubricant is not recommended to be applied to aluminum surfaces.

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Calcium greases are greases and work well for a long time. An example of such a lubricant is Uniol. Unlike lithium, they have high adhesion, or adhesion to the surface, and hold for a long time. In addition, they help to resist corrosion in wet conditions. These lubricants are yellow or greenish. It is very important that they do not react with aluminum, unlike lithium greases. Therefore, their price is high and they can be used to lubricate expensive bikes.

Aerosols are a special type of lubricant. which can contain several components, for example Teflon. Their advantage is the ability to penetrate into hidden cavities and hard-to-reach places, including due to adhesion and surface tension. Their predecessor is kerosene, which has a truly unmatched enveloping ability, even able to get out of the vessel. With the help of such lubricants, it is possible to process cables, all types of threads, especially when loosening heavy and stuck connections. Examples of such lubricants are LM 40, LM 47 and others.

Perhaps the most famous quick-acting aerosol lubricant is the well-known WD-40. Among other things, it creates a hydrophobic layer and displaces water.

Lubricants with m silicone. Easy to apply, dust and water repellent.

Wax lubricants: on the chain, for example, the coating can last for several months under dry conditions. But the wax is subsequently capable of falling off itself in the form of scales and flakes. If the bike is operated in water, mud, fords are crossed or riding occurs in spring or autumn, then you need to choose another lubricant, because the wax is not fluid and cannot effectively penetrate into the chain connections.

A bicycle is not an easy machine. Before you lubricate your bike, you need to know that, in addition to the places for lubrication, there are areas where lubrication is completely undesirable. These include wheel tires (accidental ingress of grease on large areas can lead to skidding and the impossibility of emergency braking), rims (in the case of using tick-type brakes), as well as brake discs and pads. In addition, if oil gets on the rubber chamber, it can begin to corrode the rubber, which will lead to its rupture for a considerable length.

Algorithm for removing the plug

To remove the front fork of an e-bike:

  • Unscrew all components attached to the fork: brake caliper, speed sensor, V-brake or disc brake hose, fender, etc.
  • Remove the bolts holding the stem to the rudder tube. Unscrew the anchor bolt.
  • Taking care not to hit the brake hose, remove and lower the stem.
  • Remove the spacer rings and the guide sleeve by carefully prying it in the cutting area with a compact screwdriver. Remove the top rolling ring and bearing.
  • Carefully remove the rudder tube from the glass. Remove bearing and rolling ring underneath. Remove the bicycle wheel by unscrewing the fasteners or loosening the eccentric.

Output

At the end of the article, we want to remind you that saving on service and careless attitude to the condition of the components of your bike entails serious financial losses. New pieces of iron cost incomparably more than regular maintenance, do not forget this!

Main run carriage

We can say that this is the main axis of the bicycle. It is from her that an impulse is distributed to other elements. Therefore, the speed, ease, and comfort of the stroke depend on the state of the carriage. The carriage elements are:

lubricate, mountain, bike, fork

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A different, thick grease is put into the carriage, not the kind that drips onto the chain or cables.