How to install spokes on a bicycle wheel

Stage one. Determining the Right Needle Length

It is very important to choose the correct length for your bicycle spokes. In this regard, much less problems arise with the front wheel. here the spokes on both sides have the same length. With the back, everything is much more complicated. Multiple speeds set on the rear wheel make centering difficult. The needles will have different lengths and angles. To determine the appropriate length, special calculators have been created that allow you to calculate the required parameters online.

Stage two: Installation

For successful wheel packing you will need:

  • Rim;
  • Knitting needles;
  • Sleeve;
  • Spoke key;
  • Screwdriver.

install, spokes, bicycle, wheel

If you have to re-spoke a wheel for the first time, then pay special attention that the holes on the rim are slightly offset (tilted) to the sides. The spokes from the right flange of the hub should be inserted into the holes that are offset to the right, and from the left flange to the left. Half of the spokes on each flange are leading. The other half is tail.

  • Leading spokes are those that point in the direction of rotation of the rim. As a rule, they are indicated by shades of blue.
  • The tail spokes are against the rotation of the wheel. Most often they are indicated by shades of red.

The first is the tail spoke, which must pass inside the flange. It should be inserted from the outside of the right flange and directed into the offset to the right of the rim bore, which is located next to the spool bore. The nipple must be closed a few turns so that the spoke cannot fall out. The next spoke should be directed into the hole of the same flange, the next spoke through three holes after the first installed.

The next step is to turn the bicycle wheel so that it is in front of the left flange of the hub. The second set of needles inserted will also be the tail needles. You need to turn the rim so that the spool is at the top. We pay attention to the very first installed spoke. if it is in the first hole after the spool, then the first spoke of the left flange should be located to the left, if the first spoke installed in the second hole after the spool, then the first spoke of the left flange should be located on the left.

When all the tail needles are in place, you can move on to the leading needles. We turn the bicycle wheel towards us with the right flange. The leading spokes are installed from the inside of the flange. They can be inserted into any hole. After that, turn the hub clockwise so that the leading spoke intersects with the three tail spoke. It is important that it crosses the first two from the outside, and the third from the inside. You may need to bend it slightly to install. There is nothing wrong with that. The rest of the leading spokes are installed in the same way.

What is the spacing

There are two most popular types of wheel lacing. radial and cross. Radial lacing is only used for assembling the front wheels, which will be equipped with rim brakes. The radial pattern has a significant drawback. a wheel with such a spoke is subjected to the highest load in the vertical direction. And, perhaps, the only advantage of this option can be called a pleasant-looking appearance.

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Far more versatile and functional is the cross lacing. Cross lacing may look less impressive, but it allows you to achieve the most adequate response to the braking and rotating forces from the hub. With this option, even the most serious load from braking and pedaling is transferred to the stretching of the spokes.

Mixed lacing is rarely used. This option is somewhere between the radial and cross methods.

Having decided on the type of spokes, you can safely begin the process of assembling the wheel. It is divided into several stages.

How to properly re-spoke a bicycle wheel

Wheel lacing is a problem that will sooner or later face any cyclist, regardless of the experience and skill level of cycling. Collecting a wheel only at first glance may seem like a daunting task. You should have patience and time. everything about everything will take at least an hour, or even two or three. By the way, self-assembly of wheels is also good because for yourself you will never cheat and, in order to save time and effort, skip some operations.

Stage three. Tension adjustment

The first step is to make an initial adjustment, which involves tightening all the nipples evenly. Be sure to make sure that all nipples are screwed in the same number of turns. the spokes must have the same tension. Typically, the lead spokes are curved close to the flange. Before starting the tensioning procedure, they must be bent by hand by pressing on each spoke near the flange.

The final tension should be applied after the initial adjustment has been completed. Correct tension will ensure that the wheel does not run out when driving, which is very important for comfortable movement.

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Summing up, we can safely say that wheel spokes are far from the most difficult procedure. If you are sure that you can handle the knitting, have sufficient patience, skills, knowledge and skills, then this procedure will not be a problem.

We tighten the knitting needles. read carefully.

Before tightening the spokes, screw all the nipples to the same depth. If you have short knitting needles, after tightening them, the threads should be visible in the same amount. If your spokes are long, then you need to set the outgoing end of the spoke to the level of the splines of the nipples. Further work on the tension of the spokes will be noticeably easier if the nipples are evenly wrapped.

Next, you need to follow these steps with the nipple: wrap it from the valve hole, turning each nipple one turn. Next, you need to check the spokes for slack. If the spoke is loose, you can make another turn. However, you must remember that you should not tighten the knitting needles too much. You can recall this if, after passing three-fourths of the wheel rim, you find the problem of twisting the nipple of the spokes. it will become very difficult to twist the nipple. This situation suggests that that very second turn was superfluous, so it is worthwhile to carry out a return turn of the nipples.

The next step, when stretching the spokes on a bicycle, will be the following: if there is such an opportunity, you need to install the assembled wheel on the machine, if not, then you can install the wheel on the bicycle. This is done in order to detect wheel irregularities. You need to take a closer look at the wheel and determine which unevenness is detected to the greatest extent. With a greater horizontal unevenness and displacement of the rim to the right by about four spokes, two of them look at the left flange, and two at the right flange, you need to turn the left nipples by a quarter of a turn, and loosen the right ones by a quarter. If the irregularities cannot be eliminated in this way, you need to find the place of the worst left irregularity, and tighten it.

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To correct vertical unevenness, you need to find the place of the rim that is farthest from the hub. This is necessary in order to tighten the spoke as much as possible in this area, thus the rim will move closer to the hub, and at the same time the wheel rigidity will increase. Another activity when stretching the spokes is the process of shrinking the spokes. To do this, you need to firmly press the knitting needles at the point of their intersection. Turn the wheel until you have shrunk all the spokes. When shrinking, the spokes emit characteristic sounds, which means that the spokes are shrinking successfully.

How to tension the spokes on a bicycle yourself

Tensioning the spokes of a bicycle wheel is a very time-consuming and rather difficult task. Before taking on such a painstaking task, you should familiarize yourself with the basic rules and recommendations for stretching the spokes. This article will address issues related to knitting needles. From the article, you will also learn how to tighten the spokes on a bicycle, how to adjust the spokes on a bicycle and how to change the spokes of a bicycle.

If you know how. do it, if you don’t know how. trust the professionals

In general, the process of stretching, adjusting and replacing the spokes is carried out by professional craftsmen in bicycle shops. These services are performed by professionals with extensive experience and specific skills. In such workshops, as a rule, the craftsmen have at hand a lot of specialized tools, various keys and machines, with the help of which the spokes are stretched.

If you are confident in your skills, you can perform all knitting procedures yourself. By doing this you can save money without having to pay for the tensioning of the spokes in the workshop. But the main thing here is not to deceive yourself, otherwise your self-confidence can sadly turn on the condition of the wheels of your bicycle. At the very least, you should be proficient with standard tools. Otherwise, you can make such a tension on the spokes, which forms the “eights” of the wheels, which can further form even more unpleasant consequences, for example, a puncture of the wheel. Therefore, before you start self-tensioning of the spokes on a bicycle, think a hundred times. it might be better to turn to professionals.?

Replacement tools

Prepare all the necessary tools in advance. You will need:

  • flat screwdriver;
  • shovel for tires;
  • key for knitting needles;
  • spare part;
  • circlip remover.

A short handle chain may be required. With its help, the block of stars is removed.

Replacing the spoke in a bicycle wheel yourself

An action as simple as changing a spoke on a bicycle sometimes raises questions and confusion. Replacement of bent and broken elements can be done independently at home without special skills and knowledge, experience in performing such work, expensive tools.

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Varieties of wheel spokes

There are 2 types of bicycle spokes:

  • straight form;
  • indirect form.
  • with single, double or triple joint;
  • aerodynamic elliptical;
  • aerodynamic with drop-shaped or flat profile.

There are 2 main types of knitting:

  • tangential (suitable for rear, disc wheels, reduces the risk of breakage due to uniform load distribution);
  • radial (more often used for the front wheels, since the load on them from the brakes and pedals is lower).

Also available in twisted needles and mixed.

Step-by-step instructions for replacing a part

First, determine how long the parts will be required. To do this, use special programs on the Internet. The Lexapskov calculator can be used to fit the correct size for the vehicle model. The program additionally indicates the type of lacing.

It is not necessary to contact the service center. Do-it-yourself repairs can be done both on the front and on the driving, rear wheel. It is impossible to ignore the breakdown, because during operation the bike will begin to shake, which will make the ride dangerous and increase the risk of vehicle breakdown. Before starting work, lubricate the threads on each element with oil or a special agent. This will make the rotation of the nipples easier.

To replace a damaged part, you will need to remove the tire from the wheel. You will also have to remove the rim tape to protect the camera from damage. Then the damaged element is pulled upwards. A spare part is inserted into the vacant hole. You will need to bend it to bring it to the ground. Under the influence of tension, it will straighten. Familiarize yourself with the knitting pattern first. The new element should fit in the same way as the already installed ones.

Install the nipple on top, screw it into the thread, tighten it. If you make an error at this stage, you will not be able to tighten the part. If several elements are broken, repeat the algorithm for each one. Align the eights and shrink.

If the components fly out regularly, more often from one side, overload is possible. Another reason for this phenomenon is overtightening, due to which the part has an excessively large load. To check whether the elements are overtightened, use a special device. a tensometer. You can find such a device in bicycle shops, service centers. If there is no way to get to the workshop (for example, on a bike trip), release each spoke, and then tighten them sequentially. Try to keep the tension even.

Problems also arise with a crooked rim. To align the figure eight, you have to create excess tension on one side. Because of this, the spokes begin to fly out regularly. In such situations, it is recommended to abandon the alignment of the “eights”.