Bicycle tire under the microscope
It is clear that the skeleton of a bicycle without rubber (puncture, burst) is not a means of transportation, but iron, which will have to be dragged to the house. This is why it is important to choose the “shoes” for your bike carefully. Bicycle tires are handling, performance of assigned tasks, behavior of the car in different conditions on different surfaces. To avoid stressful situations due to a “punctured wheel”, we will study this rubber product in more detail.
Bicycle tire. bike shoes
Bicycles are maneuverable, economical, environmentally friendly transport, very useful for maintaining fitness and health. Of course, if it is expertly selected, assembled from quality blocks and parts, it will meet your needs. The most important place in the design is occupied by the wheel, the rubber component of which, as a rule, is the weakest link. How to choose tires for a bicycle, what factors to consider when choosing. let’s figure it out in more detail.
How to Choose Mountain Bike Tires. Simple 6 Step Guide
In a bicycle, a lot depends on rubber. Therefore, when choosing, the main thing is not budget, driving style, brand, but technology, materials, build quality. The tire is made of synthetic rubber and is applied in several layers to the carcass. This advanced technology is called “compound”. Rubber today can be natural and artificial, natural. more durable.
The compound contains silicon. Rubber turns out to be of different hardness, you can measure it with a durometer: the higher the number, the harder the composition. Experts advise placing soft rubber that sticks to the road on the front wheel, hard and less prone to abrasion on the rear.
- bead ring (bead cable).
The edges of the tire are reinforced with kevlar threads (less often aramid), in some models. steel rings (clincher). Kevlar and aramid are more expensive materials, they differ in that such products can be compactly folded, they weigh less. There are no differences in the quality of skiing. The side cable is needed for a secure fit on the rim. If it is damaged, the “caprock” can be thrown away. The advantage of the steel edging is that it costs half the price, the disadvantage is that the steel cable can fluff up and the wires will pierce the camera.
Popular brands. quality assurance
Ranking the best bicycle tires is almost impossible. Because there are a hundred varieties of these very bikes in wheel diameter, direction, type, season, for each model there are dozens of sizes and offers from different manufacturers. If you do not delve into specifics (highway, children’s, winter.), but tell about the best models of leading brands. the task is feasible.
Bicycle tires are made by many different companies. The Russian market has its own leaders among experienced consumers of these products. Let’s listen to their opinion, study several brands of popular manufacturers.
Why is a three-dimensional drawing made on the tire? The tread pattern is responsible for traction, noise level, drainage efficiency, and affects speed performance. The protector has two zones:
- central. works directly with the coating;
- shoulder. provides grip when cornering.
Large sparse teeth have more resistance to translational movement, better grip. Fine patterns work better on asphalt and slide on dirt. There are additional cogs (transition zone), this adds control when cornering, but reduces speed.
For different tasks and disciplines, completely different “patterns” have been developed:
- Slik (road). practically without a pattern, for dry hard surfaces, with paths for water drainage.
- Semi-slick. central zone without a pattern with a water drainage groove, shoulder. lugs. Smooth dry roads, forest trails. Suitable for cross country.
- Racing. several rows of small holds. On the asphalt they wear out quickly.
- Urban (crossover). high lugs, bright running track in the center. Driving on asphalt and dry primer.
- Polyvalent. powerful, maximum grip. Rough terrain, urban asphalt, parks.
- Mountain bike. aggressive ledges “stick” to the track, speed is not their strong point. For rough terrain only, on the asphalt are erased.
- Freeride and downhill. large overhangs, reinforced construction. For downhill descents only. Heavy, resistant.
- Mud (gravel). ledges are large and far from each other so that the dirt does not get clogged. Thin so that they sink into the mud to the main surface where negative tread will provide traction. They put on mountain models, not for asphalt.
- Winter. soft compound and spikes to brake and turn around on icy roads.
- Tubeless folding. put on special rims (high), sealant with glue. Tubeless cycling shoes are repaired when punctured without removing from the rim.
This parameter depends on the size of the wheel. The wheel diameter in inches is always indicated in the vehicle data sheet. Traditionally, different types of bikes have diameters (in inches):
- highway driver. 27-28;
- mountain. 26;
- hybrids. 28;
- niners. 29;
- BMX. 20.
However, the width can vary. Diameter and width are indicated in inches on the side, for example. 26 x 2.3.
How to choose a bicycle tire and not be mistaken with the size?
There is one way for all types of bikes. We write off the size from the sides of the old tires and, according to the written down, buy new ones. Diameter and width of bicycle tires:
- 12 inches. for children’s bicycles, bicycle strollers, strollers for the youngest children. Their widths are from 1.75 “to 2.25” or 47mm. 57mm.
- 14, 16, 18 inches. for children’s bicycles. Width from 1.75 “to 2.25” or 47mm. 57mm.
- 20 inches. for teens and folding bicycles. Width from 1.75 “to 2.25” or 47mm. 57mm.
- 24 inches. for teenage bicycles. The most popular sizes are from 1.90 “to 2.40” in width, in millimeters from 49mm to 62mm. On-road models can be from 1.35 “to 1.75” in millimeters from 35mm to 47mm.
- 26, 27.5, 29 inches. MTB, cross, niner, fat bikes, city and road bike models. Mountain tires, cross-country tires, 29ers. width from 1.90 “to 2.60” in millimeters from 49mm to 65mm. Urban road. from 1.35 “to 1.75” in millimeters from 35mm to 47mm. Fatbikes have tires ranging from 3.00 to 4.70 inches, in millimeters from 76mm to 119mm.
- 28 inches. road and city models. Width ranges from 1.35 “to 1.75” in millimeters from 35 mm to 47 mm.
- 27-inch, 700C. road models. The width can be from 18 to 25 millimeters.
We have listed the most popular and common width sizes. If we did not mention the size of your tires, do not judge strictly.
Choose winter bike tires narrower or wider?
Bicycle tires are narrower, suitable for very snowy weather or when the thaw begins, then they behave better when riding on “porridge”. Otherwise, better tires with wider tread. The tire is wider. better contact with the road, more confident maneuvers and the whole ride.
Many points have already been considered by us, now it remains to decide on which large ones, intended for different purposes, you need to put the corresponding bicycle tires.
How to choose tires for a mountain bike?
Designed so that mountain bikes are designed for difficult sections of the path on dirt roads, mountain slopes, rough terrain. If you are using the bike in even about this direction, then you need tires with deep tread, which have good grip properties. If the bike is mountain, and you only have to ride on hard, good roads, then a pronounced tread will not be effective. Comfortable, with the best speed qualities, will be bicycle tires with a smooth road tread.
How to choose winter bike tires?
The bicycle tire industry takes the very best from the automotive industry. Previously, bicycles were similar to cars in the 80s. Rubber is better on a car with two sandbags in the trunk. Now is the age of innovation and technological modernization. So it is with bicycle tires. They are spiked and non-spiked.
Non-studded tires have a tread, which is popularly called “Velcro”. Many sipes on the ice act like suction cups and thus keep the road. But these bike tires are more suitable in non-snowy weather. Therefore, these bike tires are suitable for dry, frosty weather and thaw.
Studded tires. the situation is also similar to tires. Many studs are located along the edges along the bead of the tire and several rows in the center. Depending on the tread pattern, the center studs can be symmetrical or asymmetrical.
Double-row. they do not differ much from non-studded Velcro, so they don’t really save on ice. We believe that overpaying for such a tire is not worth it. A two-row one is cheaper than a multi-row one, but you don’t need to save either. Better to just refrain from traveling when the weather is indignant.
Multi-row studded bicycle tire suitable for all winter weather. All manufacturers of multi-row studded tires recommend running in a new stud so that all studs are seated. Different manufacturers recommend differently: on average. 50 kilometers. Has a lot of advantages and disadvantages.
- Greater weight compared to summer counterparts. Everything is clear here. the thorns are quite weighty.
- Thorns sometimes fall out, so you need to install new ones.
- In dry weather, rolling is worse.
- Willingness to always move forward. Having installed such tires. you are always ready for battle.
- Your safety. sudden ice will not make you nervous, spikes will do their job.
- In snowy weather, the spikes bite into the hard surface under the snow, so you drive without slipping.
So, the disadvantages and advantages are roughly equal, but all the disadvantages can be called far-fetched and partly inappropriate. Heavy weight. yes, a studded winter bicycle tire has more weight. But when choosing slopes for winter, few people pursue the goal of high speeds, and if you take into account the resistance of the snow, then the extra kilogram will not be noticeable at all. Loss of thorns is not a problem, replaceable ones are on sale. Dropped out. replaced with a new one and again on the road. Worse roll. in winter there is no need to rush, the main thing is health, whole arms and legs.
How to choose tires for your city bike?
Urban bike tires differ from mountain ones in that they are narrower. A shallow or completely bald protector (slick) is what you need for a city.
How to choose a bicycle tire?
Bicycle tires are a very important part to pay close attention to. A lot depends on this. First of all. your life.
There are several types of people who use a bicycle in their life. Everyone has their own requirements for the bike. We will try to tell you how to choose a bicycle tire for someone who just wants to change to a bicycle or simply cannot make a choice. So. the requirements of different people for bicycle tires:
- People who use a bicycle as a public transport always keep the bike in good condition, because no one wants to roll it home. If trips are mainly in the urban cycle, then on asphalt roads, the best option would be to choose a bicycle tire with a road (smoother) tread. Semi-slickers are perfect for such conditions. When choosing tires for everyday use, a budget bike will not work, but the middle class is what you need. The advantages and disadvantages of such tires:
- The indisputable plus is the quality. These tires are made of high quality compound (synthetic rubber, stabilizers, plasticizers). All components are matched to specific types of bicycles and specific areas of operation.
- Steel cord is both an advantage and a disadvantage. In the specifications, the number of cords is indicated as “TPI”. The average level of bicycle tires has 20. 30 threads. Advantage. it gives strength and tire and withstands loads. The minus of the steel cord is that it can rust or it can be broken by impact. The tire in this place may remain intact, or it may blow out a bump.
- The weight. Of course, the weight of the tire will be greater than that of premium counterparts, but not so much as not to use them. And the weight of the products is of enormous importance only for athletes. Bicycle tires with anti-puncture layer can weigh more than one kilogram.
- Professionals or people who cannot imagine their life without a bicycle do not stop riding in winter. There is nothing to surprise them, such cyclists have tried and understood everything for a long time. But those planning this lifestyle need to choose both winter bicycle tires and summer bicycle tires. If the bike is part of your life, then you need the best bike tires. High-quality tires are not a cheap pleasure, but their service life is on average 20-25 thousand kilometers. It depends on the pressure in the tires, the place of use, your weight. Manufacturers Schwalbe, Mitas Rubena, Michelin are the undisputed leaders in the production of bicycle tires. All the best is concentrated in the highest quality bicycle tires:
- Highest quality compound. The detail is maximally sharpened for your needs. If you need rolling tires either for soil or dirt. the manufacturers have provided everything.
- Strength in bicycle tires can be up to 60 steel cord and up to 200 Kevlar. The advantage of Kevlar options in lightness and elasticity.
- The greatest motor resource.
- Their only drawback is cost. Products of this class are not inferior to car tires.
How to find tires for your road bike?
Road bikers have thin, sleek tires. Width is only 18 millimeters to 25 millimeters. The tread is like a spider web, shallow. If the road surface is perfect, then slicks are welcome.
How to choose bicycle tires
Using unsuitable bike tires can significantly impair the performance of your bike. But a good choice of rubber can make the bike just “take off”.
The wheels of regular bicycles for adults come in diameters of 26, 27.5, 28 and 29 inches. Folding urban and some extreme models can be equipped with 20 or 24 inch wheels. The tire diameter is always written on the tire. For example, 26×2.1 means 26 “in diameter and 2.1″ thick. Note: 28 and 29 ” tires require the same 28 ” rim, but 26 and 27.5 require 26 and 27.5 ” rims, respectively. On road bikes, the wheel diameter is indicated as 700 or 700s. These are the same 28 inches, only in millimeters.
The thicker the tire, the better it softens bumps and adheres better to the surface, but also the greater its weight and the more difficult the bike rides on good asphalt due to the increased area of adhesion to the surface. That is, for speed, they choose a tire that is narrower, and for cross-country ability or comfort, a wider one.
The width of the tire also depends on the bike frame. Road bikes are fitted with tires up to 32mm thick and mountain bikes up to 2.3 inches. The same tire model can be produced in different thicknesses. If your bike is not a pure asphalt bike, then do not take the rubber “close to” the frame. Leave a gap for dirt on mountain and cyclocross or fenders on city bikes.
Slick, or completely smooth rubber, is used only for driving on flat asphalt. Typical Representatives: Schwalbe Kojak, Rubena Cobra and Michelin Wild Run.
Semi-slick are quite versatile tires that allow you to ride on uncomplicated terrain. Soft types of rubber, from which semi-slick are made, quickly grind on the asphalt. Typical Representatives: Continental Speed King 2 Race and Schwalbe Sammy Slick.
The use of road rubber is asphalt. It is tougher and therefore wears out longer. Usually has some puncture protection. Typicals: Continental Town Ride, Schwalbe Land Cruiser and the most popular Schwalbe Marathon series.
Rubber with a developed tread (in common use. “evil rubber”) behaves well in mud, sand, snow, but on the asphalt they go very badly and, moreover, make a lot of noise. Typical representatives: Continental Mud King and Michelin Country AT. A compromise option is the alignment of the tread teeth, forming a semblance of a central track. Such rubber is good both in mud and on asphalt. Typical Representatives: Schwalbe Smart Sam and Schwalbe Black Jack.
Balloon bike tires are tires that can function at low pressure, which makes them surprisingly comfortable. They are used for city driving or for tourism, since the tread of such tires does not have developed lugs. Typical Representative: Schwalbe Big Apple.
Often, the same tire model is produced in two versions. regular, with steel cord (a mesh of steel wire or Kevlar threads that makes up the tire carcass), or folding (folding) with Kevlar cord. Folding is more expensive and easier.
TPI (Threads Per Inch) is the density of the cords in the tire. Less dense cords (from 30 to 60 TPI) make tires softer and lighter, denser (90. 150 TPI) are used in more wear-resistant, hard tires.
Compound is a term for the composition of rubber. Engineers can mix two or three different rubber grades into a single tire (dual and triple compound, respectively) to combine optimal cornering grip with good roll-off on the center track. Each manufacturer has its own formula and compound technology.
Weight is an extremely important characteristic of a tire, because the wheels are constantly spun by the cyclist, and the easier it is to do this, the less effort is spent on it. But the lighter the tires, the more expensive they are and, as a rule, the easier it is to break through. The higher the anti-puncture properties, the more difficult it is to puncture the tire. Tires of the highest grades are not punctured even with pushpins. Simple tires in the conditions of Ukrainian littered roadsides can be punctured quite often. However, you have to pay for anti-puncture with weight. Good anti-puncture tires weigh 2 kg per set. Truly, such tires are needed only in some areas where thorns grow, and for trucker cyclists.
Reflective elements are often used on modern rubber to increase the range of visibility at night. Most often this is a side strip, but there is also an inscription itself. the name of the rubber. These tires are marked with the letters R, RT or Reflex.
Fatbike and cruiser bikes can have thicker tires. Wider tires are inflated with less pressure than narrow ones, which means that the wider the tire, the more comfortable and passable it is, but it rolls harder and worse on smooth asphalt.
How to choose bicycle tires
When choosing a bicycle tire (bicycle tire), Honor should consider the following factors:
The main types of bicycle tires.
Citizens who know the usual routes in a city with good tracks should opt for tires with a tread pattern called “slick” or “semi-slick”.
The slick (in the picture on the right, road slick and for street slick slightly more raised around the edges) is a smooth tread that is ideal for driving on dry, clean roads. The advantages of the model include good speed, no vibration when driving. But care should be taken when braking hard on a wet road or on a muddy highway.
Semi-slick (the image of this type of bike tires is below) is a combination tread. In the center there are finely relief or smooth teeth, along the edges, on the contrary, large or medium. The advantage of semi-slick is their versatility. They are ideal for driving on smooth surfaces, as well as for “country cross” and light off-road.
Gravel and mud tires (image on the right) have a powerful reinforced tread pattern like tall but sparse teeth. It is this type of bicycle tire that guarantees the safety of the cyclist in the most critical road conditions. You should be aware that such tires are less suitable for driving on asphalt, because will impede the usual movement and will quickly lead to rubber wear.
Winter bicycle tires are simply irreplaceable for movement in conditions when the tracks are covered with snow, ice and even liquid mud. We are talking about bicycle tires with narrow rubber and certainly a pronounced rare tread. It is this kind of coverage that will make it possible to drive smoothly on both knurled and loose snow. It is worth paying attention to winter tires with studded treads (picture on the right). It is a complete analogue of automobiles and allows you to drive on icy roads, fully controlling the safety of movement. Tires with a fairly frequent and most pronounced tread are indispensable for universal travel. These are routes that combine smooth asphalt and extremely rough terrain. Ideal tire option: maximum convergence of the tread studs in the center of the bike. Clincher tires with smooth road tread are usually companions to happy owners of imported road bikes. Small ribbed bumps of road tread tires. 100% option for cycling marathons, for riding on smooth asphalt or knurled dirt road. Cycling tubes have been around since the early days of the cycling industry. They are a kind of duet of a tire with a camera, closed into a single system. The scope of use of bicycle tubes is sports road bicycles. The system has several disadvantages. Usually it is glued to the rim of the wheel, but on a broken track, the bike tube can peel off and fly off the rim, and this is a direct path to injury to the cyclist. In addition, the bicycle tube is very difficult to restore in the event of a puncture.
Well, some practical tips for novice cyclists:
1.When inflating the wheels of the bike, keep the course to the level of the road surface, and only then to your weight.
Lovers of sandy, mud or small-gravel roads should record the average or minimum pressure (it is marked on the tire). Fans of ideal road surfaces should focus on the maximum allowable pressure. With a significant reduction in the contact area of the bicycle tire with the road, it is really much easier to ride a bicycle.
To extremals, with a chic braking “skid”, our advice is that last year’s snow. It’s easier for them to switch from an “iron horse. a bicycle” to a clumsy tank.
You should be aware that the right bicycle tires require seriousness and are the guarantor of excellent mood and safety on the roads.
The right choice of bicycle tires (tires) makes your two-wheeled friend reliable and fast-winged.
Kevlar tires, advantages and disadvantages
- Easier to board. due to the fact that the tire is softer, as a result, it is easier to board;
- Low weight. will make it possible to save on tire weight in the range of 50-100 grams;
- compact. it can be folded several times, which makes it possible to take it with you and it will take up a minimum of space (especially important for cyclists and for long trips);
How to choose a tire for your bike
Tires are different depending on the functions assigned to them
There are several types of bicycle tires. The choice of tire will depend on the location you will be driving it. Conventionally, they can be divided into tires for the forest and for the city. Those that will be used within the city, in turn, are conventionally divided into those that will be used for riding in fitness mode (muscle training), in extreme riding (with jumps and other increased loads on the wheels) and also tires for road bikes will be included here There can be walking and racing in the forest. The most powerful forest tire used for mountain riding.
Before getting behind the wheel of a bike, you need to decide on the driving style, bike class and season. Winter cycling is also possible. No problem. The main thing here is to switch from summer tires to winter tires, which are more intended for these purposes. As you can imagine, winter and summer tires will be different from each other. Let’s look at these differences.
- When choosing bicycle tires, you need to know about the complete structure of a bicycle wheel in order to make your wheels even better.
- Cycling cameras are also different, which you will need in the mountains, some on normal roads, read about it here
So, what are bicycle tires. let’s look at this question. To better understand the topic. It consists of a frame, on the sides of which there are bead rods, and rubber or compound is already on top. Rubber is made from rubber, as a result of the technological process, where various additives are added to it to improve its strength properties.
Instead of rubber, they can also use a compound that is superior to rubber in its properties. They are better at rolling. Run your finger over the splint and see what it is made of. Rubber. rubber and it stretches, the compound does not stretch.
The fabric base gives the tire its shape and it consists of several layers of fibers stretched between the core beads.
Winter bike tires
If you are an avid cyclist and want to ride all year round despite the season, then in winter you will need to purchase special winter studded tires that can make cycling safe, both on snow and on ice. Unlike conventional tires, studded tires have a number of features, namely:
- The presence of special thorns;
- Coarser and taller tread pattern;
- The rubber is much softer;
- High wear resistance;
- Resistant to punctures;
- Large weight;
- High price.
Winter tires have spikes on their surface, which also consist of two components: the shell and the spike itself. Inexpensive tires have a steel spike. And expensive ones. the shell is made of stainless steel, and the spike has a pointed shape and is made of wear-resistant material, for example, tungsten carbide (like Schwalbe), or it can be made of various aluminum alloys for lighter weight. In addition to the spike, the winter tire has a peculiar high tread, which allows you to feel confident even in snowy weather.
Winter tires have a small feature before starting to use them. you need to roll them in first. To do this, it is recommended to inflate the tires to the minimum allowable pressure (indicated on the sidewall of the tire) and ride at low pressure up to 50-80 km. This is done in order to allow the thorns to fall into place and in the correct position, which will ultimately save them from being pulled out. It is also not recommended to brake sharply in order to avoid pulling out or losing the thorns (the loss of several thorns is not terrible).
The efficiency of winter studded tires can be felt by riding on low tire pressure. High pressure will prevent all studs, but only a small part of them, from contacting the road surface. It is also recommended that winter tires are not used at temperatures above 5.
If you want to try what a winter tire is and don’t want or can’t get it, you can make it yourself. This lesson is long and requires a little patience and perseverance. First you need to choose a tire. the best option would be a tire with a rough tread in several rows. You will also need self-tapping screws with a length of 13-15 mm, which we will screw in from the inside of the tire, but first you need to punch holes for the screws with an awl. It is advisable to screw in the screws in three rows. on the sides and in the center for reliable grip. When screwing in the screws, you need to make sure that they go strictly evenly, and not to the side or somehow. Outside, the ends of the self-tapping screw need to be ground off so that about 2 mm remains. After the screws have been screwed in, it is advisable to take an unnecessary old camera and glue the tire from the inside with it, which will make it possible to protect the new camera from punctures with screw caps. Well, that’s all the tire is ready.
- How to protect the wheel from punctures with anti-puncture tape for a bicycle or use anti-puncture tires? You decide.
- You can store unnecessary wheels in winter in special covers for bicycle wheels.
Bike tire sizes
We decided on the structure. Further, the tires change depending on the size. Its diameter and width are important to us here. For mountain bikes, the tire diameter is 26 inches. And the width of the tire is from 1.8 to 2.4 inches. If your bike is used for freeriding or downhill, then you already need a more powerful bike tire and its width will vary from 2.5 to 3 inches, reducing the likelihood of falling when landing while performing jumps, for example.
On road bikes, the wheel diameter is usually expressed as 700 with a width of 18 to 23 mm. these are the narrowest tires. For long trips, tires with a width of 25-28 mm are better suited. BMX bikes are typically 20 inches in diameter.
Niners or bicycles with large 29-inch wheels are also gaining momentum lately. The question of which wheels are better than 26 or 29 inches is quite controversial. It all depends, I think, primarily on the dimensions of the cyclist himself.
Division by type of tires
On what surfaces you are going to ride will depend on your choice of type of tires. The type of tires depends mainly on their tread. this is the external pattern on the rubber in the form of spikes. The larger the tread, the better the grip will be provided. A balance must be found here between speed and traction. Wherever you ride, everyone needs a sharp protector, if it is worn out, the bike can become uncontrollable and then they will need to be replaced. Change tires in time, proper bike care will help you save it better.
|You can ride on ordinary asphalt roads. so-called slicks are most suitable here. They have a smooth surface, which will provide you with sufficient traction on asphalt or other hard surfaces and, as a result, more speed.|
|Half-slick, something between slicks and the next
Semi-slickers are more suitable for concrete, asphalt or gravel surfaces and are used on road or mountain bikes. Cyclocross tires are also used for the road bike. Semi-slick is an intermediate option between slicks and treads turned inside out.
|Gravel tires, off-road
Treads turned inside out are more suitable for you if you like to drive on off-road, where there are many holes and potholes.
|Studded bike tires, for riding in mud
For off-road driving, gravel or mud bike tires may be suitable. They have a specific tread designed to throw dirt off the wheel. But such tires are not suitable for asphalt, as they will quickly wear out on it. However, they will provide the cyclist with the highest level of safety.
|Winter tires with studded tread
In winter, you must use a special type of tires specially designed for this. They have narrow rubber with a pronounced tread. Such tires are not afraid of ice, snow or mud. Often in the winter, rubber with a studded tread is used.
In addition, I would like to say that the tires for mountain bikes are different for the rear and front wheels. This is because the wheels have different functions. The front wheel serves as a cornering function, and the rear wheel is larger for giving more power. In this regard, it is necessary to monitor the correct installation of the tires on the rims, it depends on the direction of rotation of the wheel. But in my case, disc brakes will not allow the wheel to be put in the wrong way. And I do the replacement of tires right at the place of purchase. But if this is not the case, then you need to ask the seller how it will be more correct.
Comparative characteristics of winter and summer bicycle tires
- The first parameter is the tread height. Winter tires have a higher tread for better grip on snow.
- The second difference is the tread pattern. Winter tires have a thinner tread than summer tires.
- The average weight of a summer tire will be much less than that of a winter tire.
- Absolutely different rubber hardness. So summer tires can be of different hardness, and in most cases winter tires are all soft.
- Different fiber composition for summer and winter tires. So the summer composition will be much more frequent, and if you turn the tire inside out (look at it from the inside), you can clearly see.
Tire wear is now happening much more slowly than it used to be, say 20 years ago. As time goes on, tire manufacturing technologies are changing. A bicycle tire is now a complex design.
- It is much easier to pierce (this applies to small glasses and other things);
- Less resistant to twisting;
- Higher cost. due to a more complex production process. costs more than steel.
Kevlar is a synthetic fiber. In order for the tire to be rigid, it is equipped with Kevlar threads (in other words, cord) with diagonal weaving. To understand exactly how reliable it is and whether it has an advantage over steel, for example, the strength of Kevlar exceeds the strength of steel by as much as five times, which already speaks volumes. At the same time, Kevlar tires have a flexible cord. Kevlar tires are usually chosen by those who value the weight of the bike (for example, athletes).
If we talk about the advisability of using these tires, then they need to be used where the wheel is experiencing the greatest load, as an example. cycling.
At the end of the article, I would like to say that winter tires have their own differences and it is simply necessary to purchase them, because this is safety and you should never save on this.
Which tires to choose for different riding styles
I decided to write this post because I regularly get questions about the choice of bicycle tires for different types of bikes and riding styles.
I do not pursue the goal of assessing the entire range of rubber on the market, so I will simply describe what I have used and continue to use personally. I will only touch on the styles that I ride myself. cross-country, tourism and highway. Don’t be surprised that I have tried so many tires, this is my weakness.
I will say right away that good tires are expensive, and sometimes very expensive. I have moved away from fetishism, but nevertheless, I buy tires that cost 30-40 euros, because I consider it an effective investment of money. Lightweight, rolling and durable rubber gives the bike much more than an XTR derailleur or titanium bolts.
Mountain bike tires
Of all the variety of rubber choices, I prefer two firms. Schwalbe and Continental. In the MTB segment, I choose Schwalbe. The price is not the cheapest, but it is fully justified by the driving qualities, I recommend to readers only from my own experience.
Schwalbe Racing Ralph. one of my all-time favorite tires, great combination of rowing and rolling tread pattern.
When Schwalbe first released this model, it was a hit. This tire is for those who need a versatile option for forest, soil and asphalt.
These tires are available in 26 “, 27.5” and 29 “sizes.
There is a variant of the same rubber with the Evolution index. Compared to Performance, it is almost 100 grams lighter, has a more advanced compound (rubber composition) and is considered racing. But it also costs almost twice as much.
Schwalbe Rocket Ron is another Schwalb hit following Racing Ralph. The difference is a slightly more aggressive tread and less weight. This tire is already on the verge of fetishism, because the lightweight construction can compromise reliability.
But how does this rubber roll. For those who use a mountain bike for its intended purpose (trails, forest), then put Rocket Ron in front, and Racing Ralph back. a very rolling combination.
These tires are available in 26 “, 27.5” and 29 “sizes.
Also, as in the previous case, the Evolution index means a more racing version. And by the way, my friend Ron Evolution, who rides the Rocket, claims that this version is much more puncture-proof, and he hasn’t pierced it yet.
Schwalbe Nobby Nic Performance. I had this option on a bike that I loved to ride through forests and mud. It does not roll as well as the previous two, but the rowing is excellent. A wonderful balance between coasting and traction for those who value the latter.
These tires are available in 26 “, 27.5” and 29 “sizes.
Whether you are racing in the mountains, in the woods or wherever it is important to cling to the ground, this is your choice for the front wheel. Back I recommend Rocket Ron. I advise you to set both Nobby Nic for real off-road, where you need to cling and row. Great rubber for your conditions.
Basically, I put these tires in two combinations. universal, for mixed riding (asphalt, dirt, trails):
- Rocket Ron forward, Racing Ralph backward
Mostly off-road, difficult trails, often wet mud:
- Nobby Nic forward, Rocket Ron backward
Continental Race King. so that I would not be suspected of being a hidden Schwalbe sales agent, I will write about this tire. She and I traveled many thousands of kilometers before I switched to Schwalbe.
It also rolls very well without losing grip. Continental generally makes very good-quality rubber, and it is no worse than their main competitor.
For those who use MTB more on asphalt and hard ground, I definitely recommend semi-slick. This is a type of rubber in which the treadmill has no tread, but has lugs on the sides. This allows you to quickly roll on hard surface, and not get stuck in the sand, raking side tracks.
Schwalbe Hurricane. good tires, reliable and rolling. Typical half slick, also worked well on my bike.
Schwalbe Ice Spiker is a winter studded bicycle tire. For those who ride in winter, a must-have accessory. I can’t call myself a winter cyclist, but I spent a couple of seasons on these tires. The only downside is the heavy weight, but that’s okay for a four-row stud. Pros. good roll-off at close to maximum pressure and excellent grip.
All models shown are also available in size 29 ″.
Hybrid & Touring Tires
Continental Tour Ride. If your hybrid acts as a versatile car and you often ride on the ground, then I can recommend this rubber. For your little money, this is just a wonderful choice.
A rolling tire that won’t let you down in the forest. The width is enough to ride in the same place as a mountain bike, if you know how, of course. I drove about 5000 km on it and was satisfied.
Great for traveling, last year I rode it in Italy. super.
Schwalbe Marathon Plus. I personally have not ridden these tires, but among cyclists, especially in the west, they are considered almost cult. Many round-the-world trips were carried out on one set of this rubber.
People write about a tread resource of several tens of thousands of kilometers, and this is taking into account the load on the trunk. I must say that the weight of this tire is almost 900g, which, of course, is too much, but you can forget about cuts and punctures.
Such rubber is put on long journeys when a high speed of movement is not planned. If you have several months ahead of you, then problem-free tires are very important.
Road bike tires
If in the mtb segment I’m a Schwalbe fan, then on asphalt my clear favorite is Continental.
The Continental Grand Prix 4000 is a must-have tire on any road bike. Lightweight, highly puncture-proof and highly durable racing rubber.
At the moment, 8,000 km have already been driven on the highway, and the tread is only slightly worn out on the rear wheel. Not a bad investment in my opinion.
Continental Grand Prix 4 Season. my acquaintance with the highway began with this tire. 4 season is the so-called training rubber with greater strength.
I put it on a hybrid before owning my road bike yet. Compared to conventional hybrid tires, it rolled just fine. 4 season 28mm wide I can recommend to those road lovers who ride on bad asphalt roads, the tire holds just colossal loads.
There were a dozen more different tires that I did not like or quickly deteriorated, but I will not write about them, as it may have been cases of marriage.
Also, here are some tips for cycling tires:
Combine different treads, it is not necessary to put the same rubber on both wheels. For example, I used this scheme. I put the rowing Nobby Nic forward, and the rolling Racing Ralph backward.
That’s right. we put a tire forward with a more pronounced tread, for better handling. As a percentage, the front wheel is unloaded, so even an aggressive lug pattern does not impede rolling too much.
Be sure to observe the direction of travel of the wheel, which is indicated by the arrow on the sidewall of the tire. If this is not done, the specially designed tread pattern will not work. Instead, get a non-rowing and non-rolling tire. When there are no arrows, it means that the tread is symmetrical and the direction does not matter.
Watch for tread wear. The back side always wears out faster, especially with heavy cyclists or when driving with a load on the rack. It makes sense to change the tires in places, in this case the total resource of the pair increases.
If this is not done, then on the back side not only the tread wears out, but also the structure of the cord is broken. Because of this, the tire often begins to puncture, it loses its perfectly round shape, hernias are possible, etc.
Hopefully now when you upgrade your bike tires, you won’t have any questions about which to choose. Each of the tires presented here has a good price / performance ratio.
You shouldn’t be surprised that I’ve tried so many rubber options in my cycling practice. I had two wheelsets for almost every bike with separate sets of tires for different conditions.
How the bike behaves depends on the correct choice of tires, and therefore I highly recommend not to spend money on cheap tires. In my opinion, the are fully justified.
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Shop Talk: How To Choose Your Wheel Size
The type of surface you ride
Choose your bike tires to match the surface you are riding on. Do you like to drive over rough terrain, terrain? Your option is tires with protectors (spikes). The more aggressive the conditions in which you will ride, the more difficult the pattern on the tire should be, the larger the diameter of the studs. This combination will better cling to the ground and prevent the bike from slipping and sliding.
Do you like speed? Driving on the highway? The ideal option is tires without protectors and patterns at all, as they will “eat up” your speed, as well as strength and energy. Usually these are lightweight, which has a positive effect on high-speed driving.
There are winter bicycle tires. Their main distinguishing feature is the presence of aluminum cores in the spikes. again, for improved traction with the soil, ice in particular.
The main distinguishing feature of winter bicycle tires is the presence of aluminum cores in the studs
Tire fitting recommendations
Get some paddles. this will facilitate the installation process (these tools will also be useful in your arsenal of cycling things). After mounting, inflate the wheel to 1 atmosphere, then align the tire on the rim. If you do not do this, there is a high probability that the tire will sit unevenly and will go “eight”.
After. pump up to 2 atmospheres and leave it for a day. After that. add pressure already up to what you need.
The hero of the following video tells more about how to properly pump up a bicycle camera:
Bicycle tires are always marked on the sidewall with a minimum of 2 parameters. These dimensions usually indicate:
- either in inches (for example 29 x 2.10);
- either in millimeters (622 x 52).
The first value in our example indicates the diameter of the tire (usually this is the rim diameter), the second indicates the width-height of the profile. The higher the second value, the wider your chosen tire will be.
The easiest way to choose a tire for a bicycle is to look at the parameters on the old one, and choose a new one in accordance with them. But you can also vary, but only the width. For example, replace 1.5 “tires with 2.2” rubber. This is real. The main thing is to match the bore diameter to the rim.
Tip: When buying wider bicycle tires, pay attention to the brakes. If you have rims, the tire may not fit in there. Tires that are too wide sometimes do not even fit into the forks. The other side of the coin is tires that are too narrow. Such bicycles (for example, mountain bicycles), if incorrectly installed on turns, can fly off.
Vary the width of the tire over a small range. And always buy them according to the diameter.
When buying a bicycle tire, pay attention to its diameter and width.
When size matters: how to choose bike tires
There are many types and manufacturers of bicycle tires today. How to choose them?
Why are some tires more expensive than others? What is the reason? The price is formed not only by the brand-manufacturer, but also by the following factors:
- The weight. The lighter and more technologically advanced a tire, the more expensive it is. The most expensive tires. professional models for competitions with the minimum weight and the maximum number of technological solutions.
- The size. The larger the tire, the more material and time it takes to manufacture it. And accordingly, the cost increases.
- Cord type. (the rim inside the tire, giving it rigidity). There are 2 types of cord. steel and Kevlar. Steel. heavy, not compact, cannot be crumpled (crushing can damage the structure). Kevlar. lightweight, compact, 20-30% more expensive.
Bicycle tires with Kevlar cord are more expensive but lighter
Do not store your bike with flat tires. the tire will quickly deteriorate. Do not store your bike in direct sunlight. the tire may dry out and begin to crack. Ideal: store in a medium humidity room at room temperature and pressure in 1 atmosphere chambers.
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How to find out your tire size?
All manufacturers indicate the required parameters on the side. Brand rubber may contain additional information such as model, allowable pressure and protective layers.
Over time, this layer may wear off, or not at all. In this case, you should be aware that manufacturers adhere to the standard ETRTO labeling.
Example: The bus says 37-622 (28 x 1 5/8 x 1 3/8. 700 x 35C), where:
- 37-622-dimensions in millimeters are responsible for the tire. These numbers play a major role when choosing a tire.
- 28 ″ 1 5/8 ″ x 1 3/8 ″. is indicated in inches and is responsible for the outer diameter and width of the tire.
- 700 X 35C. these numbers correspond to the French designation system. 700 is the outer diameter. The letters are responsible for the width. The narrowest is indicated by the letter A, and the widest is indicated by D.
- A widespread German brand that manufactures various tires.
- It gained popularity not only for the abundance of models, but also for a pleasant price category.
- Produce products for various types of transport.
- Customers note the high quality of the product, good grip and quiet, fast driving.
The main types of tires
- Often referred to as “bald protector”. Instead of a tread, tires are decorated with decorative notches.
- Such a surface is completely silent and is suitable for walking on a flat road.
- They roll well and do not generate vibrations.
Do I need to buy the same tires for the back and front?
It is allowed to use the same tires if the bike is used for normal city riding. This allows you to get double the speed and roll forward.
For athletes, such a technique is unacceptable, since the ability to control braking and acceleration is lost.
- Tires with high tread teeth, but no metal studs. They are made with studs more than 1 cm high.The location of the studs is thought out so that snow or mud does not get clogged into the wheel.
That is why they are used in extreme winter conditions, as well as in the environment of passable swamps and mud. It is not recommended to use these tires on normal roads. Also, you cannot go out on the ice, for this you need special rubber with spikes.
- Protectors with metal spikes. The studded surface is great for riding on ice. Recommended for use during ice and freezing temperatures, when the snow begins to melt, and then freezes sharply, forming a crust of ice.
The pins are made of pobeditovy alloys, with pointed or blunt edges. Sharp edges are for ice and simple edges are for dirt.
- It holds the title of one of the best brands in the world.
- The company produces models for all possible cases and price category. That is why, when choosing tires, you should give preference to this company.
- During its existence, the company introduced innovations in the process of creating tires, which later became an example for other manufacturers.
- Kenda is now located in six major cities producing parts for bicycles, motorcycles, ATVs and other equipment.
- Taiwanese firm, founded in 1967.
- The quality of the tires is particularly durable.
- The only negative is a small assortment.
- Products allow you to minimize rolling resistance, keep the bike on turns, suitable for installation on front and rear wheels.
How to choose bicycle tires. parameters