How To Adjust The Handlebar Height On A Bicycle

Instructions

1 These steps are easiest to do on a stationary bike where you can sit quietly without moving, but they work for a regular bike as well. Sit on the bike in the position in which you normally ride. Place both feet on the pedals and twist them so that one leg is straight. Place the heel of your straightened leg on the pedal. In this position, your leg should be fully extended.

2 Obviously, if you cannot reach the pedal, the seat is too high. Although most often, it is made very low. When your seat is secured too low, you put too much stress on your knees, which can simply be avoided. Raise the seat and place your heel on the pedal with your leg straight (not bent at the knee). If you use the machine in the gym, make notes that the number is associated with height. For a street bike, consider marking the height so you can return the seat to its original height if someone uses your bike.

3 Once the adjustment is complete, perform an additional test by placing the arch of the foot on the pedal. In this position, your leg should only bend slightly at the knee. If the knee bends too much in this position, then the knee will rise too high at the above point. This can also put too much stress on the leg, and the legs will get tired faster than they should.

4 You should repeat these steps on your street bike as well, but of course you will need to stop and get off the bike and adjust the seat until you reach your ideal height. Put the instep of the arch of your foot on the pedal, when you ride, the leg should be slightly bent at the knee when it is fully extended.

5 Note that when you first learn to ride a real bike, you will feel more insecure if the seat is too high. Psychologically, a person feels more confident closer to the ground. When you eat for the first time, you are NOT eating too fast or too far, so it’s okay if the seat is lowered a little lower. The same can be said for mountain bikes and other bikes.

  • 6 These instructions are for people who have been cycling for a long time, quickly and under normal circumstances. Sitting too low is like squatting, and we all know how knees hurt afterwards. By setting the altitude according to these instructions, you will reduce the risk of injury, and this will allow you to go faster and further, and do not get up. Cycling will become more efficient. Good luck!
  • Seating a cyclist on a saddle.

    First of all, let’s define how we sit. The main body weight is distributed between the two ischial tubercles (ischial bones). they are the supports for the body, and not soft tissues, as many believe. Just if the seat is too narrow, then the entire body weight will not be in the ischial bones, but on soft tissues. In this case, the blood vessels in the perineum will be squeezed, the blood supply will be disrupted, and you will get a lot of unpleasant sensations after a few kilometers of the trip. In this illustration, the red arrows show the seat and bumps that account for approximately 70-75% of the load.

    In the figure below, the red circles show the areas for the support of the ischial tuberosities. Note that they must be long enough to provide a slight back and forth movement when riding. The sides of the spout should NOT protrude and the spout should be sufficiently long and thin.

    Rotating the pedals on a seat that is too wide will rub the crotch and inner thighs, which will not add pleasure on a long trip, especially in hot summer.

    If you are going to ride a bike slowly and imposingly across the park with a friend or friend, then a wide seat will suit you

    Very often they are installed on urban models. If you are going to make long and long trips on your Iron Horse, pay attention to the narrower saddle. They are almost always installed on mountain or high-speed models.

    Separately, I would like to dwell on the women’s seat. The fact is that the pelvic bones of women are, according to the constitution, wider than that of men. If in adolescents and men it is on average 90.120 mm, then in the beautiful half of humanity it is 130-132 mm. Differences in the structure of the male and female pelvis are also shown in the following figure.

    So NOT every girl or woman will be able to ride on a narrow male seat for a long time. On such a trip, it will create discomfort, and in the worst case, it can come to pain. On average, the classic women’s seat is wider than the men’s seat, they have a shorter nose, for a comfortable ride in a skirt, and more original colors.

    Soft or hard. Saddle adjustment

    First of all, you need to adjust the height, angle of inclination and distance of the saddle to the physiological characteristics of the passenger.

    Many different methods have been developed to determine the correct saddle height. The most common and accessible to the average person is the heel method. To determine the saddle height using this technique, the following manipulations must be performed:

    • Place your foot in the shoe with your heel on the pedal. The pedal must be in the down position and parallel to the floor.
    • Set the height of the seat so that in the sitting position the leg standing on the pedal is almost completely straightened at the knee, but at the same time the pelvis takes a horizontal position without distortion
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    Correct distance from saddle to pedals

    That is, if the leg does not reach the pedal, then the saddle must be lowered, and vice versa, if it is strongly bent at the knee, it must be raised. The bicycle seat height adjustment is adjusted after loosening the seat bolt.

    It is imperative to remember that on the seatpost of any bike there is a mark for the maximum possible saddle extension, above which you should not raise the seat, as this is fraught with breakdowns for the bike and possible injuries for the passenger.

    Seat tilt. Usually the seat is installed either parallel to the ground, or slightly raising the front or back of it up, depending on the individual characteristics of the cyclist. It should be borne in mind that if the saddle is strongly upward in front of its end, then the passenger will roll back when moving, therefore, in order to maintain balance, he will have to use his arms and press.

    As a result of such a trip, pain in the muscles of the arms and abdomen may occur. Conversely, if you lift the rear of the saddle, the passenger will begin to roll forward onto the bike frame, which will also increase the load on the arms and add the possibility of unpleasant sensations in the crotch.

    Correct bike saddle position

    Adjust the distance of the saddle from the handlebar as follows:

    • It is necessary to loosen the seatpost
    • Move the bike saddle forward or backward so that the Knee joint is exactly over the pedal axis. The pedal must be in a position parallel to the ground.
    • Locking seatpost

    Correct adjustment of the saddle in height, angle and distance is very important, since the wrong and NOT suitable position for the rider has a significant impact on both the speed and well-being of the cyclist.

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    So, when adjusting the saddle, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the passenger’s anatomy.

    But the riding style should also be taken into account, for example, when driving at high speed, a lower saddle position will be justified than when driving on a quiet highway.

    Soft seat

    A big mistake is made by a person buying a soft saddle for a road or touring bike. For a mountain bike, the “pillow” is also NOT suitable. In general, any bike you will be pedaling for a long time or quickly should not be fitted with a gel, finger-pressed seat. These seats are usually bought by inexperienced cyclists, because they are convenient for short trips.

    On a soft saddle at first you feel comfortable, but after an hour of travel, clothes begin to get wet from sweat and the skin of the crotch becomes numb.

    How to find out the distance between the ischial tubercles?

    We offer you two options:

    The first method is shown in the figure to the right. Sit on something soft that retains its shape or in sand and measure the distance between the very points of the stoves.

    Or the second way, shown in the picture below:

    • Take a sheet of corrugated cardboard or just a thick, but not very rigid, packing cardboard. You can take a piece of cardboard and peel off the top even layer, so that the top layer with the wave remains.
    • Lay it on a flat, hard surface and sit on it
    • Press your ass tightly to the chair so that dents remain on the cardboard.
    • Circle the dents and find the center in them
    • Measure the distance between the centers. this will be the distance between the hillocks.

    The fifth picture just shows how much you need to add centimeters to the width for which type of ride.

    There are also special devices that allow you to quickly and easily measure the distance between the ischial tubercles, both mechanical and electronic.

    The principle of operation is the same as described above. The cyclist sits on a special soft cushion of the device. It crumples, and the material of the pillow holds its shape for a while. A special ruler measures the distance between the maximum indentations remaining from the ischial tubercles.

    In electronic it is even easier. The biker sits directly on the measurement area on the device and the desired distance is displayed on the display.

    The most universal saddle width, comfortable for men and women (especially if a husband and wife use the same bike), according to many experts, is 140-145 mm.

    As you can see from the picture above, the width of the saddle, as well as the ratio of the height of the saddle to the handlebar, fundamentally affect the fit of the cyclist and, accordingly, the style of riding from racing to walking.

    Check that the seat cover is not slippery, otherwise you will constantly fidget on it during the trip.

    Gel pad

    There are many bicycle seat gel covers on sale now. But such innovations need to be taken critically. Logically speaking: a soft pad on a bicycle saddle is needed by the same people who put “pillows” instead of a seat, that is, unhurried cyclists.

    Excessive padding on the saddle when the gel boot is attached to the saddle increases side swing. Ducks not only interferes with pedaling, but also leads to chafing of the skin of the thighs.

    The thick gel pad comes in handy when you need to convert a narrow men’s saddle into a wide women’s saddle

    How comfortable should a bicycle seat be?

    You need to understand that a bicycle saddle is not a chair or a stool. The saddle only takes up a fraction of the rider’s weight. The remaining load is on the pedals and steering wheel. The exception is soft, spring-loaded saddles with a short nose. They are found on walking, folding models or exercise bikes. They are just as comfortable to sit on as a chair (wide shape provides a straight fit), but are NOT designed for sporty riding. Saddles should cushion shock, shock and vibration. To do this, manufacturers come up with various tricks. For example, a riding saddle has a thick layer of soft cushioning material. Some models have springs, special frames made of various alloys (titanium and magnesium, chrome vanadium steel) are also well cushioned, elastomers are used in the places where the frame is attached to the saddle.

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    What coverage to choose?

    The surface should be smooth, but not slippery and, if possible, breathable. Expensive seats are made of soft natural leather that breathes and gradually takes the shape of the crotch.

    Why adjust your bike saddle

    The bike seat can be adjusted in three directions:

    • Height above pedal level;
    • The angle of inclination in the horizontal plane;
    • Bias.

    Let’s consider what the correct adjustment of each parameter gives.

    The height determines the position of the legs when driving and the efficiency of pedaling. The lowered saddle contributes to strong bending of the legs, their rapid fatigue and a number of pedaling efficiency. Too much height will impair the grip of the shoe and the handling.

    The position of the saddle corresponding to the height eliminates all negative consequences, makes it possible to rotate the pedals for a long time without significant fatigue and loss of energy, and will allow you to quickly reach the ground with your foot in parking lots and in emergency situations. And when combined with the adjusted handlebar position, the seat height will ensure the rider is properly seated.

    The horizontal tilt determines the load on the body parts. The forward position will increase the stress on the arms and move the body towards the handlebars. The tilted seat back will raise the upper body, shifting the force center towards the lower back and abdomen.

    On some bicycles, the saddle also adjusts horizontally to the center of the seatpost. When choosing the right position, the length of the arms plays an important role. If it’s hard to reach the steering wheel, the seat cushion moves forward a little. With constant hand fatigue, it is worth moving back. On long mountain bike rides, this parameter can be adjusted several times depending on the riding conditions.

    Correct tuning rests on three pillars: comfort, efficiency and reduced steering fatigue.

    How to find out the distance between the ischial tubercles?

    We offer you two options:

    The first method is shown in the figure to the right. Sit on something soft that retains its shape or in sand and measure the distance between the very points of the stoves.

    Or the second way, shown in the picture below:

    • Take a sheet of corrugated cardboard or just a thick, but not very rigid, packing cardboard. You can take a piece of cardboard and peel off the top even layer, so that the top layer with the wave remains.
    • Lay it on a flat, hard surface and sit on it
    • Press your ass tightly to the chair so that dents remain on the cardboard.
    • Circle the dents and find the center in them
    • Measure the distance between the centers. this will be the distance between the hillocks.

    The fifth picture just shows how much you need to add centimeters to the width for which type of ride.

    There are also special devices that allow you to quickly and easily measure the distance between the ischial tubercles, both mechanical and electronic.

    The principle of operation is the same as described above. The cyclist sits on a special soft cushion of the device. It crumples, and the material of the pillow holds its shape for a while. A special ruler measures the distance between the maximum indentations remaining from the ischial tubercles.

    In electronic it is even easier. The biker sits directly on the measurement area on the device and the desired distance is displayed on the display.

    The most universal saddle width, comfortable for men and women (especially if a husband and wife use the same bike), according to many experts, is 140-145 mm.

    As you can see from the picture above, the width of the saddle, as well as the ratio of the height of the saddle to the handlebar, fundamentally affect the fit of the cyclist and, accordingly, the style of riding from racing to walking.

    Check that the seat cover is not slippery, otherwise you will constantly fidget on it during the trip.

    Grips

    An important point when adjusting the steering wheel is the position of the grips and brake levers. On long journeys, some drivers rub their thumb on the shifters.

    To avoid discomfort, loosen the devices on the steering wheel and move them to a convenient distance for you, if the design of the steering wheel allows this.

    But do not overdo it, so that in a critical situation you can quickly press the brake, and not waste precious seconds.

    Keep in mind that the closer your hands are to the center of the steering wheel, the more difficult it is to operate the unit. Therefore, we place devices at a reasonable distance.

    Finally, I would like to note that in order to customize the bike for yourself, you need to make two or three “sorties”. This will help to ensure that the stated positions are correct.

    With tips for customizing your bike:

    Saddle displacement back and forth, or what should be the distance between the handlebars and the saddle

    It’s great when the bike saddle mount allows you to move it closer to or further from the handlebars. This is usually done with special screws under the seat.

    Often such fastenings are also called rail fasteners. This is due to the fact that the saddle can be moved along the guides like on rails using the fastening screws.

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    It is considered correct to adjust the seat so that, with horizontally located cranks, the knee of the front leg is above the pedal axis plus or minus 1-2 centimeters, depending on individual characteristics. There is another guideline: the distance between the toe of the seat and the stem of the handlebars is the distance from the elbow to the tips of the elongated middle finger (plus or minus a couple of centimeters, taking into account the individual characteristics of the cyclist).

    There is a little nuance when driving off-road. If you move the saddle just 2-3 cm back, you can press harder on the pedals.

    We’ve covered basic questions about adjusting a bicycle saddle.

    Horizontal adjustment

    The handlebar seat adjustment allows you to adjust the position according to the length of the arms. Correct centering has a positive effect on bike speed and handling.

    The work should be performed in the following sequence:

    • Loosen the screw securing the pin to the seat.
    • Move the seat.
    • Lock the mount.
    • Sit on the bike and check the knee position. It should be located strictly vertically with the pedal axis. The foot is checked on the pedal at the lowest point. If knee protrudes noticeably forward, re-adjust.

    This type of setting is only done after adjusting the height.

    The combination of correctly set parameters of the saddle, taking into account the physiological characteristics of the cyclist, will help to avoid excessive fatigue of the arms and legs, will allow you to be in motion for as long as possible and will have a positive effect on the comfort of control.

    Fitting and adjusting a bicycle seat

    You choose a bike and naturally want to ride it in comfort. One of the most important elements of a comfortable ride is the seat. Agree, if it is uncomfortable to sit on a bike, then on what trip can you speak at all? This is NOT a trip, but a complete mockery of the body.

    We will focus on a few points regarding the choice and correct setting of the seat (also called a saddle), which you need to pay attention to when choosing a bike.

    It can appear beautiful and comfortable when viewed from photos on the Internet or when viewed from the outside. But, most importantly, you need to sit on it. And not just sit down, but sit down and twist the pedals, or even better, ride, carefully listening to your feelings, both in the whole body and in the place where you sit.

    Take your time trying on the seat. A one minute landing and a long ride make the same difference as a passionate kiss and a long family life. If you (and your butt) feel comfortable on it, then this is your saddle. If not, you can ignore all the other elements of this bike. it is no longer yours. Well, or right away, look for a new saddle for yourself and change the installed one. In doing so, please note that even an excellent and expensive saddle that is incorrectly installed will not create any comfort. Therefore, before you sit on it. Adjust the seat correctly.

    How to do this we will now and consider.

    Seat height adjustment

    Height is the most important parameter that each cyclist sets independently, taking into account height and riding habits. Before we start adjusting the height, let’s take a look at a number of safety aspects:

    • The seat post must not be extended beyond the maximum mark;
    • The saddle must be firmly fixed in this position;
    • The front end should be facing in the direction of travel.

    General setup scheme:

    • Loosen the eccentric or clamping nut.
    • While holding the seat, gently pull out or strangle the pin.
    • Don’t let her go, tighten the mount.
    • Check the fixing strength with a few light blows.

    There are several ways to set the saddle level:

    • Numerical calculation;
    • Almost straight leg method;
    • “Heel method”.

    The first option is the easiest way to set the seat height above the carriage. With the help of a measuring tape or tape measure, the height is changed from the sole to the groin. This value is then multiplied by 1.09. For example, the leg height was 65 cm, which means that the bicycle seat should be located above the pedals at the level of 71 cm.It should be noted that this method is approximate and NOT suitable for those who rely only on their own feelings.

    The second method of setting the height is to determine the bend of the leg. An almost straightened leg at the lowest point is characteristic of the correct position. The leg is completely straight. the seat post goes down into the tube. The leg is bent strongly. lift the saddle up. Increase the height gradually, especially for the first time.

    The straight heel method is the opposite of the previous one, but it also allows you to set the level of the saddle. Setting sequence:

    How To Adjust The Handlebar Height On A Bicycle
    • Secure the bike firmly or ask someone to hold the handlebars.
    • Sit down and put your heel on the pedal at the lowest point.
    • Adjust the height so that the leg is absolutely straight.

    The heel must be firmly fixed in the center of the pedal. Both legs Must be extended in the lower positions. If the heels DO NOT reach and you have to bend down, the saddle should be lowered. On the contrary, if the leg is even slightly bent at the knee, raise.

    Saddle

    The first thing to set up before getting on the bike is the saddle. It is necessary to regulate:

    • Height;
    • Incline;
    • Departure in the horizontal plane.

    Moreover, depending on the person, type of bike and riding habits, these indicators will differ.

    How to adjust a saddle on a bicycle