How coffee affects the body. Composition
Coffee consists of many chemical compounds, each of which has its own, special effect. And if an adult, strengthened body is able to minimize negative influences, then a child’s one cannot always defend itself and reacts to everything more sharply.
- caffeine (less in arabica, more in robusta);
- amino acids;
- organic acids.
The most noticeable effect of these substances is, of course, caffeine:
- tones up, gives vigor;
- helps to concentrate, stimulates mental activity;
- improves mood;
- has an exciting effect on the nervous system;
- stimulates metabolism;
- accelerates the production of gastric juice;
- is a diuretic.
It would seem that there is nothing in this that can harm the child. Here are just the advantages overlap with serious disadvantages. For example, the ability of coffee to cheer up a child and make him more attentive for a while has a downside. After all, this is only a temporary effect, and after about 4 hours the nervous system is inhibited: the baby feels apathy, lethargy, unwillingness to do anything. And such a state overtakes a child in the midst of the day, when, on the contrary, he needs to be collected, energetic and maintain clarity of mind.
The stimulating effect on the central nervous system in itself does not pass without a trace, because in most children it is already very labile. And taking caffeine aggravates the situation, and children become more stubborn, irritable, capricious, their mood can change dramatically. Therefore, excessive consumption of caffeine does not have the best effect on behavior.
In addition, coffee acts on hormones. And this is undesirable, especially during puberty. The hormonal system during this period is actively forming, and any surges and surges can lead to a serious failure.
Coffee for children
Today, there are different opinions about the age at which children can be given coffee. Some experts believe that it is optimal to start from 14-15 years old, others. that from 10-12, others do not see anything wrong with this, even if the child is 6-7 years old, but under certain conditions. All opinions agree on only one thing: you need to be more careful with the drink and in no case overdo it. This is the case when it is better to give less or not give the product at all. To understand what the fears of doctors are connected with, you need to understand exactly what effect coffee has.
Consider the potential harm from childhood coffee consumption:
- As noted above, the effect on the nervous system, which is actively developing in childhood, is predominantly negative. The child becomes excitable, sleep disturbances.
- Caffeine stimulates the production of adrenaline. This, of course, energizes, but at the same time wears out the heart, as it begins to contract faster. And this is fraught with arrhythmia, increased blood pressure. The child at this time feels bad: he is dizzy, he may feel sick, vomit, in extremely severe cases, even a stroke is possible.
- Due to the significant increase in blood sugar levels when drinking coffee, problems with the pancreas may occur.
- Due to the diuretic effect, valuable substances, especially calcium, are washed out faster. This threatens with problems with the formation of bones and teeth. And they become fragile.
- Since caffeine speeds up the production of gastric juice, food is digested faster, and the child begins to feel hungry earlier. This leads to the fact that children have a quick snack on foods containing fast carbohydrates (sweets, chips, baked goods, etc.). Thus, the wrong eating habits are formed, which are then difficult to correct.
- Particular attention should be paid to the fact that it is dangerous to allow children to drink coffee on an empty stomach. Exposure to acids in coffee and the active production of gastric juice damage the gastric mucosa, thereby causing diseases (ulcers, gastritis).
- Tannins (tannins) in coffee can cause problems with bowel movements.
- Caffeine is addictive, and this process is even more pronounced in children than in adults. Frequent consumption of this aromatic drink gives pleasant feelings at first, but then they become weaker and weaker. In an attempt to induce similar sensations again, the child either begins to consume more caffeine, or looks for other substances that can replace it. Often they are alcohol, nicotine, etc.
- The main difficulty, both for the child himself and for his parents, is that it is very difficult to understand which dosage is safe, because the body is growing and constantly changing. And it is almost impossible to completely protect the crumbs from caffeine, because it is also found in other products that children love, and not just in coffee itself. There is a lot of it in the same cola, and together with other harmful components, the effect of this soda on the digestive system is many times more dangerous.
In addition, there are conditions in which it is strictly forbidden to give coffee to children. It:
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
- Cerebral palsy;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, acute and chronic;
- bone diseases and bad teeth;
- excessive nervous excitability; pathology of the central nervous system;
- increased fatigue.
At what age can children be given
Until the age of 5-7 years, you cannot give a child coffee, this will cause damage. From drinks it is recommended to give plain clean water, herbal tea, compote. Further, the opinions of experts diverge. Some believe that coffee should not be given until the age of 14-15, because it is fraught with more dangers than benefits, and the product itself is by no means necessary and obligatory.
Others do not see anything wrong with drinking the drink, but only under the strict supervision of adults. In their opinion, only excessive use is harmful, so the daily dose of caffeine is of paramount importance. And at this age, it is a maximum of 50 mg. This refers to the total amount received from all sources. So, at 7-10 years old, a child can drink weak coffee with milk once a month, at 11-14 years old. the same thing, but up to 4 times a month.
To prevent caffeine from causing sleep disturbances, it should be taken in the early morning, and on that day, other foods should be avoided where this substance is present.
14-15 years is the optimal age to get acquainted with coffee, according to many scientists. Hormonal storms are not so raging anymore, but the heart is still under strong enough stress, and the brain continues to form. This means that the coffee intake still needs to be dosed strictly. It’s good if your child is not particularly interested in the drink. Then it is better not to focus on it again. But if he wants to drink coffee because he imitates adults, you can offer him a drink based on chicory. It is very similar to coffee, but does not produce a negative effect on the body.
Above it was about the need to monitor the total amount of caffeine that the child uses. To do this, recall the main products that contain it:
- black coffee (prepared in a Turk, coffee machine). 65 mg;
- espresso. up to 284 mg;
- instant coffee. up to 48 mg;
- natural cocoa. up to 10 mg;
- Coca-Cola. up to 10.4 mg;
- milk chocolate. up to 25 mg;
- bitter chocolate. up to 77 mg;
- black tea. up to 28 mg;
- green tea. up to 18 mg.
Naturally, you can simply not give your child these products. Somewhere, however, he would try them anyway. And what is forbidden, as you know, invariably arouses increased interest. Therefore, it is better to gradually accustom the child to caffeine, but control this process. Explain what the restrictions are related to, and why it is better to drink a cup of high-quality natural coffee from time to time than to drink liters of cola or coffee from a vending machine every day.
So, in the article we have provided enough information for thought. Well, and the correct conclusions, we are sure, each parent will make independently.
At what age children can wear a mask
In a pandemic caused by the new coronavirus, wearing cloth masks is one of the methods of protection against infection. In addition, this accessory prevents the spread of the virus by an already infected person. But is this type of protection always effective and, most importantly, safe? As it turned out, no. For young children, a medical mask can be life-threatening.
When a mask can harm a child
WHO has given clear explanations of how and how long it costs to wear a protective disposable mask  After 2 hours of wearing, the accessory must be changed, as it itself becomes a breeding ground for pathogens and causes more harm than good. But now it’s not even about that.
Japanese specialists in the field of pediatrics drew public attention to the fact that for children under 2 years of age, wearing masks can be dangerous  The fact is that the airways in babies are narrower than in adults. As a result, any obstruction, including in the form of a medical bandage, can increase the load on the lungs and cause breathing difficulties, and in some cases even cause suffocation. The accessory is especially dangerous if the baby starts to vomit.
It is considered safe to wear protective bandages at the age when the child can already remove the accessory on his own if necessary, if he / she makes breathing difficult. Babies under 2 years old cannot do this, so they have a very high risk of suffocation 
How to protect children under 2 years old
Babies are less at risk of contracting coronavirus, and cases of severe disease in patients from this group are rare.  To avoid infection, it is important for children to follow the same rules as adults, but from wearing masks under the age of 2 years worth giving up. But in this case, parents should monitor the observance of the social distance between the child and other people, as well as regularly disinfect everything that the baby touches.
Do not forget that rinsing the nasal passages with saline or seawater-based products cleanses the nasal passages of viruses, bacteria and dust. Therefore, during a pandemic, this preventive measure is justified after visiting public places and contact with people.
For children over 2 years old and adults, wearing masks is safe, subject to WHO recommendations.
- World Health Organization. When and how should a mask be worn.
- Jack Guy and Yoko Wakatsuki, CNN, 2020. Masks are too dangerous for children under two, Japanese experts warn.
- UC Davis Health. Masks pose dangers for babies, toddlers.
- World Health Organization. Disease Caused by Coronavirus (COVID-19): Frequently Asked Questions.
fresh and relevant health information on our Telegram channel. Subscribe: https://t.me/foodandhealthru
Specialty: therapist, neurologist
Place of work: BUZ PA “Korsakov CRH”
Education: Oryol State University named after I.S. Turgenev
Diploma in General Medicine, Oryol State University
certificate in the specialty “Therapy”, Oryol State University
Diploma in Neurology, Oryol State University named after I.S. Turgenev
Deputy chief physician for organizational and methodological work in the BUZ PA “Korsakov CRH”
How long can you give a persimmon to a child?
Doctors recommend giving babies persimmon no earlier than a year. And then only if the baby has no health problems. It is better to wait until 2-3 years, when the gastrointestinal tract gets stronger. Western doctors allow mothers to give persimmon to babies at the age of 8-10 months. They advise preparing berry puree and introducing it into the children’s diet in small portions. You can also thermally process several slices of the fruit and add to the porridge. There is information that children can eat persimmons only from 10-12 years old. In this case, you will not need to worry about the occurrence of an allergic reaction and disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, since the child‘s body will finally get stronger. Do not eat more than 4-5 fruits per day so that intestinal obstruction does not occur. You will also be interested to know at what age you can start giving kiwi to your baby.
At what age can persimmon be given to children? From how many years or months? The harm and benefits of persimmon
Persimmon is a healthy tropical berry. It grows in hot countries, ripens in late autumn and is considered exotic in our country. That is why parents often ask the question: “How many months can you give your child persimmon?” Pediatricians advise to do this no earlier than 2 years old, but age is not the only limitation. But first things first.
Are persimmons allergenic for children?
Persimmon has a bright yellow color, therefore it is a strong allergen. Small children should be given it carefully, in small portions. Every time it is necessary to observe the reaction of the baby.
Allergy to persimmon in children: symptoms:
- temperature increase;
- change in complexion
If you notice these symptoms, seek medical attention right away to prevent the negative effects of the fetus on the fragile child’s body. An allergic reaction most often occurs in babies with reduced immunity. Symptoms may not appear immediately, so carefully monitor the condition of the crumbs.
Heat treatment of berries helps to reduce the risk of allergies. You can dry the fruit. This destroys the protein that provokes the allergic reaction. Oranges also cause severe allergies, so check out the information on how old you can give oranges to children.
Persimmon: benefits and harms for children
The taste of the fruit is quite specific, viscous and tart. Not everyone likes her. At the same time, persimmon has a rich vitamin composition, it contains a large number of useful components. First of all, persimmon is valued for vitamin C, which protects the body from infectious and colds. Berry pulp contains a lot of calcium, magnesium, zinc, iodine, manganese, fructose and glucose, organic acids.
How is persimmon useful for a child’s body? When used in moderation, it:
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- improves appetite;
- improves the work of the cardiovascular system;
- normalizes the work of the central nervous system. This is very important for hyperactive and highly excitable children;
- improves visual acuity;
- participates in the formation of bones and teeth;
- holds the chair.
Such a list of useful properties will impress any mother, so she will want to immediately feed her child with such a wonderful berry. You should not rush, because it brings not only benefits to the child’s body, but also harm.
Why children shouldn’t be persimmon?
Persimmon is a “heavy” food that is digested for a long time by a child’s, fragile stomach. If you do not follow the measure, then persimmon can provoke constipation. The yellow fruit is also a strong allergen. Another disadvantage of persimmon is the ability to “glue” the contents of the intestines. Because of this, obstruction occurs. If you do not seek help in time, it can turn into tragic consequences.
Is it possible for a persimmon for a one-year-old child: Komarovsky
Dr. Komarovsky does not recommend introducing children to exotic fruits at such an early age. Especially if the baby is somatically weakened, he has problems with the stomach and intestines. You should not rush, it is better to wait until 3, or even up to 6 years. The first time you need to give dried or heat-treated persimmon. As such, it rarely causes an allergic reaction.
How to choose a quality fruit?
For baby food, choose only well-ripened fruits. An unripe berry provokes malfunctions in the work of the digestive tract. For the first acquaintance of a child with persimmons, you should choose varieties with a minimum of m tannin. The variety “Korolek” is quite suitable. Train your baby to take an exotic berry little by little. a small slice at a time. If everything goes well, then after a month the amount of persimmon can be brought to a whole fruit. Pay attention to the color and shape of the fruit. The best choice would be a round persimmon and a bright orange color. The skin must be shiny and smooth, without damage to dark spots. The stalks and leaves must be dark. If you have purchased unripe fruits with a strong tart taste, place them in the freezer for a while. This will improve their taste.
Caution for children with allergies
A 2003 British study found that kiwi is a major hazard to allergy-prone toddlers. The risks of developing a reaction to this exotic fruit are especially high in children under 5 years of age.
Of the three hundred people who took part in the study, there were 80 children. The condition of two-thirds of children after the first sample of kiwi has worsened. Three babies even ended up in the hospital.
The symptoms of kiwi allergy were swelling of the tongue, dermatosis of the pharynx and shortness of breath, and in the most difficult cases, anaphylactic shock. Fortunately, no deaths were reported. On the basis of this study, allergists advise parents to be more careful with the introduction of kiwi into their children’s diet, treating this fruit as a highly allergenic product.
Harm of an exotic fruit for babies
Since kiwi is a fruit that does not grow in our latitudes, it should be tried very carefully in childhood.
First of all, the fetus is dangerous with the risk of allergies. According to all pediatricians, this fruit is contraindicated for infants under six months of age. To acquaint the toddler with such exoticism should be much later. But even if the time allowed by pediatricians is observed, kiwi should not be given to children with diseases of the digestive tract, hypotension, diarrhea and kidney disease.
At what age can you give kiwi to a child?
Fruits appear in the diet of infants in the first year of life after the introduction of vegetables and cereals into the children’s menu. Usually, the first fruit that a baby under one year old gets acquainted with is an apple. After that, parents want to give the crumbs and other fruits, knowing about their benefits for the growing body. At what age can you give a toddler a taste of such an exotic fruit as kiwi?
From how many months (years) should be introduced into the diet?
As we have already noted, kiwi, like other fruits, are not given to babies who are not yet six months old. At the age of 6 to 12 months, most pediatricians do not recommend giving kiwi for testing. One-year-old children who have not noticed a tendency to allergies can be given a small amount of kiwi. Then you should follow the reaction of the crumbs to the fruit.
But many doctors do not recommend the use of this exotic fruit even at the age of 1-3 years. If parents run the risk of introducing kiwi into the menu of kids of this age, then one or two plates of fruit or 1-2 teaspoons of kiwi puree are considered acceptable no more than 1 time per week.
From the age of 3, you can introduce your baby to kiwi without fear. The allowed amount of fruit is half of the fruit. They give it either whole after cleaning, or grind it into puree. You can also squeeze juice from kiwi and mix with any other juice. At the same time, three-year-old children should not get carried away with an exotic fruit. Give kiwi to toddlers 3 to 5 years old only once a week.
For children who are already 5 years old, doctors are allowed to eat a whole fruit a day, but they still do not recommend eating it more than one or two times a week.
You can make natural kiwi popsicles. See the recipe in the video of the “Family Kitchen” channel.
Despite its small size, kiwi is source of valuable vitamins as well as minerals. This fruit is especially rich in vitamin C and potassium. This exotic fruit is rich in B vitamins, beta-carotene, fiber, pectins, magnesium, retinol, vitamin D, organic acids and many other useful substances. By consuming kiwi regularly, you can:
- Increase resistance to infections and viruses.
- Improve heart function.
- Eliminate constipation and normalize digestion.
- Strengthen the vascular walls.
In addition, kiwi serves as an excellent prevention of kidney stones and cancers. Due to its low sugar content, this fruit can be consumed with diabetes. Such a large number of positive properties makes kiwi a necessary fruit in the children’s diet, if you follow the terms and rules for its introduction.
A well-known pediatrician advises against giving fruit complementary foods until the child has at least one tooth. On average, this happens at the age of 8 months, but even such children Komarovsky does not recommend giving such exotic things for our area as kiwi, along with mango and avocado. The popular doctor calls an ordinary apple the best choice for the first fruit feeding.
Tips for choosing a quality fruit
After pressing, evaluate the kiwi by its appearance:
- Ripe fruit will have a pleasant citrus-like scent.
- The fruit should be quite firm to the touch.
- A sweet, ripe kiwi will have a firm, smooth skin. over, the “hairiness” of the fruit is in no way connected with its quality, but depends on the variety.
- The color of the fruit is also determined by the degree of maturity and the variety.
- When pressing on the place of the stalk, the juice should not stand out.
You should not buy kiwi if its skin is dry and wrinkled, there are damp spots, cracks or traces of mold on the surface of the fruit. If you purchased an unripe kiwi, leave it to ripen at room temperature, away from the sun and heat.
To speed up ripening, put the fruit in a paper bag, where there is already a banana, pear or apple. Ripe kiwis are best kept refrigerated to prevent overripening.
- Children from 2 to 3 years old can be given weak black tea up to 4 times a week. Single serving of drink. 50 ml.
- For babies over 3 years old up to 6 years old, a single serving of a weak drink can be increased to 100 ml.
- For children over seven years old, tea may already be stronger (take a teaspoon of raw materials for 200 ml of boiling water). One serving at this age is 200 ml.
At what age can a child be given tea?
It is important for children to get enough drinks every day. And if parents know about the benefits of ordinary water, fresh juices, homemade compotes or fruit drinks, then such a popular drink as tea raises doubts. Let’s see if it is possible to give them a drink for a small child, at what age it is permissible to treat them to a baby and how best to prepare this drink for children.
Pros: a little about the benefits
Tea is considered a healthy drink, but all its positive properties will be more appreciated by adults than by babies:
- This drink invigorates and gives energy for a long time.
- Good for quenching thirst.
- Due to the content of tannins, it helps to reduce appetite and also eliminate diarrhea.
- Contains vitamins and valuable minerals, including a lot of vitamin C, magnesium, fluoride, zinc, B vitamins, manganese and potassium.
- Contains antioxidants to protect the body from harmful compounds.
- Normalizes fat metabolism.
- Relieves swelling and prevents the formation of stones in the organs of the excretory system.
Drinking tea in early childhood can have the following negative effects:
- Cause an allergic reaction.
- Provoke hyperactivity and increased excitability.
- Decrease sleep, insomnia and nightmares.
- Deteriorate heart function (increase heart rate).
- Poorly affect memory and attention.
- Provoke the appearance of anemia.
- Induce accumulation of uric acid salts.
- Bind calcium.
- Change the color of tooth enamel.
Adults will only notice these effects if consumed in excess every day, but a small amount of this drink can negatively affect the child.
Such tea supports the immune system, acts as source of vitamins (group B, vitamin A, vitamin C) and mineral compounds, as well as organic acids, resins and other useful substances. Tea with thyme is recommended to be prepared for children over 2 years of age for the treatment of ARVI, cough, runny nose, flu.
To brew it, add a teaspoon of the dried plant to the black tea infuser. This amount is enough for an average kettle. You can also use this tea as a prevention of colds, however, like any other herbal teas, you cannot drink it daily.
Tea made from ginger normalizes digestion, helps with nausea, headache, runny nose, colds. He is noted for the property of strengthening immunity and eliminating cough. For preparation, a piece of ginger root about 3-5 cm is peeled and cut or rubbed, after which it is poured with boiled water (0.5 l). the drink should be infused for 30-60 minutes. You can add sugar, honey, a slice of citrus to this tea.
From how many months can you enter into the diet?
Breastfeeding babies may only be given special tea intended for small children. The age at which you can start giving it to the baby is indicated on the package. Usually fennel tea is given from 1 month, chamomile and lime tea. from 4 months, and vitamin tea with berries and fruits, as well as mint and ginger. from 5-6 months. Tea is not recommended for newborns, and the introduction of any baby tea into the diet should first be discussed with a pediatrician.
Black tea is not recommended for babies younger than 2-3 years of age. After two years, the child can brew a weak drink and give it in limited quantities. Due to the high content of caffeine and tannin, acquaintance with green tea should be postponed until 10-11 years of age, or even postponed the sample of such a drink to a later period.
This tea is rich in vitamin C, therefore it is a wonderful prevention of colds. After preparing weak black tea, lower its temperature to 50 ° C, and then add a slice of lemon or a spoonful of lemon juice to the drink. You can sweeten it with honey or sugar.
How to brew?
The drink that the child will drink must be very weakly brewed. For 200 milliliters of boiled water, take half a teaspoon of tea leaves. Infuse the drink for a maximum of two to three minutes so that the concentration of active substances is low. After straining the tea, cool it to the desired temperature and offer it to the child.
English courses for children
If your child has already reached the age of 7, you can start learning English at any time. over, if at an early age you could resort to the help of a tutor or English teachers at a language school only occasionally, then from the age of seven you can enroll your child in full-fledged English courses.
You can study English in a group with other children even earlier. from the age of 3: many early childhood development centers offer this service. But before you enroll your kid in English courses for children, you should attend a trial lesson, think about whether your child will be able to get used to an unfamiliar environment, find out in what form the classes are held. Sometimes even the offer to color the picture can be perceived by the child as a task, and not as a fun game. And this means that interest in the lesson in particular and in the process of learning the language in general will be lost. When should the child be taken to English courses? This will depend on the nature of the courses. There are schools that offer fun classes, workshops, master classes and theater studios in English. In such a school, the kid will study with great pleasure from the age of 3.
If the school insists on the traditional school desk method, you should think about whether your child will be interested in such classes even at 10 years old.
From 3 to 5 years old
Most teachers and psychologists insist that this is the most optimal age to start in the world of the English language. over, in the process of learning the language, you can develop the child’s fine motor skills, attention, perseverance, imagination and many other skills.
The difference in development between a three-year-old and a five-year-old is enormous. And yet there are some common age characteristics, thanks to which, we have combined babies with an age difference of two years into one group:
A few words about learning English at an early age
Love for English. all ages are submissive. But still, many linguists and psychologists insist that it is better to learn a foreign language from childhood. Why and at what age it is worth starting to learn English with a child. we will tell you in more detail.
The heightened interest in learning foreign languages more and more often makes many parents ask the question “How old can you start learning English?” Someone began to study the language from the first grade of a general education school, someone seriously took up this occupation already at the institute, someone decided to add English to the collection of knowledge and skills for the sake of professional improvement. Many English courses are starting to offer the “English for Children 2 years and older” service. We have already talked about which way of learning the language is better for your child. Now let’s answer the question, at what age a child can be taught English.
The age at which children can learn English is a conventional concept. Each has his own, unambiguous answer to the question “From how old can children memorize foreign languages?” no, it cannot be. And yet, educators, linguists and psychologists are increasingly talking about the fact that there is an optimal age for learning English. But every psychologist, teacher, parent and any other researcher of the issue of learning English by children has a different age. The main thing that everyone focuses on is that the child should like the process of learning a language. Use fairy tales, counting rhymes in English, finger games and other interesting forms of language learning.
And yet, at what age can you take the first steps into the world of the English language??
From the first days of life
Of course, you will not be able to send your baby to an English school or courses at this age. over, even inviting a tutor is not a very good option. The child learns the world, comes into contact with it, recognizes the parents who are trying to create a special atmosphere around him. It is unlikely that you want to invite anyone to this cozy little world. Therefore, if you want to start learning English with a child from the first days of his life, rely only on your level of language proficiency. Lullabies in English are a great option for a child‘s first acquaintance with a foreign language.
From 5-7 years old
At what age can you start learning English for a child??
Learning English is best done in early childhood. But at what particular age can you take the first steps into the world of the English language??
From 1.5. 2 years old
In this case, you have a ghostly chance that some English school will take your tiny child for training. Some schools even recruit two-year-olds into groups. True, such classes, as a rule, are conducted in the presence of parents and have a number of other features. The main thing is to take into account the wishes of the child, use those forms of language learning that he likes.
|Arguments for”||Arguments against”|
|it is at this age that all the child‘s activities, the work of the brain centers are aimed at learning the language||there is a risk, with improper organization of the educational process, to form a negative emotional background in relation to language learning|
We recommend paying attention to the following English language courses for children in Kiev:
Green Country. In this school, you will be offered not only a standard English course, but also all kinds of creative studios, master classes, interest clubs in English.
- School cost: from 595 UAH. per month
- Address: Kiev, Shota Rustaveli street, 36, office. 19; Aleksandra Mishugi street, 2, Engineering lane, 4B
- Phone: (097) 233-39-29
Welcome Early English. One of the few schools that offers English courses for children from 1 year old. Love for the language is instilled from an early age with the help of an interesting and thought out to the smallest detail training program.
- School cost: from 480 UAH / month
- Address: Kiev, st. Sribnokilskaya 3-G, st. Dankevich, 14
- Phone: (044) 223-13-07
How to size a kids/youth bike.
ABC English Kids. A school that offers English courses for children from 4 years old, and can also provide the opportunity to prepare a child for school in early childhood development programs.
- School cost: from 300 UAH / month
- Address: Kiev, st. Ivana Mikitenko
- Phone: (099) 620-89-49
You can learn English with a child from any age. The question “From how old can children learn English?”. has long lost its relevance. The main thing is to learn a language in a fun, interesting and bright way. And then your restless child will be able to speak English as fluently as in his native language.
We will help you choose English courses in your city!
Rezidential Group CEO Sergei Ilyasaev answers:
In order to donate housing to a granddaughter, the owner must draw up a donation agreement (gift), which will serve as the basis for the transfer of real estate. Upon receiving an apartment as a gift, a minor must sign the donation agreement. In addition, her parents also need to sign a deed of gift and consent to the transaction. Then, for the transfer of ownership, the document must be registered with Rosreestr
Note that in some cases, it is better not to give real estate, but to bequeath it. The fact is that when donating housing, ownership is transferred to another person and the donor can no longer change his mind. And after writing the will, the owner of the apartment can change his mind countless times.
At what age a child can be presented with real estate?
Lawyer Anastasia Braicheva answers:
A child can own real estate from the very moment of birth (in fact, from the moment of receiving a birth certificate, since it is impossible to complete a transaction without documents). So you can donate an apartment to your granddaughter at any time, including now.
Until the age of 18, on behalf of the child, her legal representative will sign a donation agreement with you (as a rule, this is one of the parents, and in their absence, the guardian). He will also perform the actions necessary to register the transfer of rights. At the same time, from the moment of the 18th birthday, the child will be able to independently dispose of the apartment, and until that time, if it is necessary to dispose of housing, transactions will be concluded by legal representatives. By the way, this will additionally require the consent of the guardianship and guardianship authority.
There are cases when a child can become fully capable from the age of 16. This is called emancipation and is allowed if a minor over 16 years of age is employed under an employment contract or is engaged in entrepreneurial activity. The declaration of the child as fully capable occurs by a decision of the guardianship and guardianship authority, if the parents agree, or by a court decision, if there is no such consent.
If a minor is emancipated, he independently concludes transactions for the acquisition of real estate, including the possibility to sign a donation agreement.
The head of the RamblerCo project “RamblerCo” Nikolay Kosyak answers:
Russian legislation does not impose restrictions on the purchase or donation of real estate to a child. At the same time, the procedure for donating an apartment or share to a minor is practically no different from a similar process associated with adults.
Today, it is not uncommon for a donation to be made out by pensioners for the grandchildren. At the same time, a person can only dispose of his property independently from the age of 18. From 14 to 18 years old, children make transactions only with the written consent of their legal representatives. Children up to 14 years old are not allowed to transactions at all. they are made by parents or guardians. At the same time, any transactions involving the property of a minor are made in our country with the consent of the guardianship and guardianship authorities.
It is worth noting that the rights of the child owning real estate are well protected. Thus, as a result of the transaction, the child cannot be left homeless. In addition, when selling an apartment in which there is a child’s share, officials will make sure that the area and characteristics of the new housing where he is registered is no worse.
Andrey Likhachev, General Director of Olivia Law Firm, answers:
The law does not limit the legal capacity of children: just like adults, they can own real estate and other property from birth. The right of ownership of minors may arise when accepting an inheritance, in connection with participation in the privatization of municipal property, or from ordinary transactions. Until the child reaches the age of 14, transactions are made on his behalf by legal representatives and, and after and until the age of majority, large transactions can be made by children independently, but with the written consent of parents or guardians.
The donor needs to think carefully before entering into such a deal. Its consequence will be the transfer of ownership and, accordingly. loss of rights to the donated apartment by the donor. Subsequently, the donee will be able to freely dispose of this property, pledge it, sell it or donate it to third parties.
I want to give my granddaughter an apartment. She is now 17 years old. At what age can a child own real estate?
Igor Kalganov, founder and general director of 33 Elephants, answers:
In Russia, there are no restrictions on the age from which a person can own property, so you can donate an apartment even to a newborn, but you can fully dispose of property only from the age of 18.
If you are the sole owner of real estate, then in a simple written form, you can conclude a donation agreement with the granddaughter and her legal guardian, who must also sign the document. If the property is collectively owned, a notarial transaction will be required. Also, questions can be raised by the situation when other minor children are registered in the apartment that you are going to donate. This situation requires a more thorough analysis with a lawyer. Another important point: according to clause 18.1 of article 218 of the Tax Code, donation transactions with close relatives, which is for your granddaughter, are not subject to income tax.
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How does it work?
Analgin is a representative of the group of non-steroidal antipyretic analgesics. The main action of Analgin is to block the conduction of pain impulses, therefore this medicine is especially in demand for different types of pain. He also has a very strong antipyretic effect, but the anti-inflammatory effect of such a drug is not very significant. When compared with Analgin Nurofen or Paracetamol, the antipyretic and analgesic effect of Analgin will be higher.
The video explains why analgin should be used to eliminate or reduce pain of various origins.
Any form of Analgin can be used:
- With a headache.
- With neuralgia and radiculitis.
- For toothache.
- For joint or muscle pain.
- With shingles.
- With injuries.
- With myositis.
- With burns.
- For postoperative pain.
- For fever caused by ARVI, bronchitis, pneumonia, insect bite and other reasons.
The injectable form of the drug is often used for renal, intestinal or biliary colic, combined with drugs that have an antispasmodic effect (for example, with papaverine).
Composition and form of release
Analgin is available in different dosage forms:
- Rectal suppositories. They are represented by white bullet-shaped candles (cream or yellow tint or white bloom is possible), packed in blisters of 5 pieces. One pack contains 10 candles.
- Pills. They are often white and round. They are packaged in blisters or jars. One package can contain 10, 20, 30 and more tablets.
- Solution for injections. It is presented as a sterile 25% or 50% liquid, which is injected intramuscularly or into a vein. Such liquid Analgin is sold in ampoules with a capacity of 1 ml and 2 ml. One package contains 5 or 10 ampoules.
The active substance in any of the variants of the drug is sodium metamizole. 1 ml of the injection form of Analgin may contain 250 mg or 500 mg of such a compound. The dosage of the active ingredient in one tablet is 500 mg. One candle contains 100 or 250 mg of metamizole.
In tablet form, additional substances are calcium or magnesium stearate, povidone, talc, microcrystalline cellulose and other compounds that help create a hard tablet. In ampoules of Analgin, besides the active ingredient and sterile water, there are no other components. In addition to metamizole, solid fats are added to the candles.
Too high a dose of Analgin can lead to nausea, abdominal pain, shortness of breath, vomiting, drowsiness, tinnitus. The patient’s temperature and blood pressure may drop sharply, the pulse becomes more frequent, and the volume of urine decreases. In case of serious poisoning, impaired consciousness, acute disruption of the liver and kidneys, convulsions, hemorrhages and other negative symptoms are possible.
If the drug was taken in a very high dosage inside, vomiting should be provoked, and after washing the stomach, give drugs from the group of sorbents and laxatives. Drinking plenty of fluids is also recommended. In case of a severe overdose, the child is hospitalized, cramps and other acute disorders are eliminated, and hemodialysis is also prescribed.
When you can’t give your child
Treatment with Analgin is contraindicated in case of intolerance to its active compound. In addition, this drug is not prescribed if a blood test showed inhibition of hematopoiesis processes, as well as in hepatic or renal failure.
In no case should Analgin be used for severe abdominal pain, if the child has not yet been diagnosed. This is often a symptom of a serious illness, so the elimination of pain can “blur” the clinical picture and interfere with timely treatment.
Analgin should be given very carefully with low blood pressure, trauma, allergic diseases and bronchial asthma. If, while taking Analgin, the child has a fever, bleeding, oropharyngeal mucosa inflamed or blood test values change, treatment is stopped immediately.
Instructions for use
- Due to the negative effect on the gastrointestinal mucosa, tablets are advised to drink either with meals or immediately after meals. The medicine is taken 2 or 3 times during the day so that there is a break of at least 4 hours between doses.
- Before the introduction of suppositories, an enema is recommended so that the medicine works more effectively. If the child does not have problems with bowel movements, the suppository can be placed immediately after the baby has naturally evacuated. The candle is carefully inserted into the rectum, after which the little patient should stay in bed for at least half an hour.
- Injection Analgin for children under one year old is injected only into the muscle. The drug should not be injected intradermally or subcutaneously, as this can lead to local irritation and inflammation of the skin.
- Analgin is injected into a vein only in medical institutions, controlling breathing, blood pressure and pulse of the child. The solution during such injections should flow slowly (maximum 1 ml per minute), and the child must be lying.
- Intramuscular injections can also be given at home. The medicine is injected into the thigh or shoulder where the muscles are closest to the surface of the body. Injection into the gluteus muscles is not recommended due to the high risk of getting under the skin.
- The use of Analgin should be short-lived. If the medicine is used for pain, then the treatment lasts up to 5 days, and when using the drug as an antipyretic, it is recommended to limit yourself to 3 days of therapy. If a longer admission is necessary, the child is assigned a blood test.
The dosage of the tablet and injectable form of Analgin for children under 8 years old is best calculated by weight. The child’s weight in kilograms is multiplied by 5-10 mg. This is how the daily dose is determined, which is divided into 2 or 3 doses. In this case, single dosages should not exceed the following recommendations:
Over the age of 14, you can give from 250 to 500 mg of Analgin at one time.
Analgin suppositories are prescribed in the following dosage:
From 100 to 200 mg (1-2 suppositories 100 mg per day)
From 200 to 400 mg (2-3 suppositories of 100 mg or 1 suppository of 250 mg)