How Fast To Ride A Bike

Keeping balance.

Transferring weight to the rear of the saddle while lifting is the problem of reducing the load on the front wheel, which can suddenly lift off the ground and cause somersaults. The bottom line is to shift your weight back while maintaining the load on the front wheel. To do this:

  • Tilt of the trunk forward.
  • Press on your hips.
  • Keep your elbows close to you and DO NOT strain your arms.
  • Keep your head upright.

By doing this, you lower your center of gravity and distribute the weight evenly throughout the bike. How much you need to bend forward depends on the lean angle and traction on the track. The more slippery the terrain and the steeper the climb, the lower you have to lean.

While this is uncomfortable, you can try Positioning your chin almost over the handlebars, straightening your back, and leaving your back of your body hanging in the air. It looks funny, but effective. Climbing uphill begins with determining how far to move backward and how far to lean forward. It takes practice. Over time, you will see how simple dexterous back and forth movements can help you overcome obstacles and climb steep hills.

Practice: Find a nice long stretch with different conditions. Choose a low gear (but not too low) that will allow you to go up. Experiment. First, shift your weight backward without leaning forward. Then lean forward. Practice on different climbs with different conditions.

How to ride a bike uphill

When biking uphill, you have to use all your cycling skills. The key to a successful lift is maintaining good balance, both forward-backward and sideways. It should also be borne in mind that the technique for climbing uphill on a road bike is different from the technique for climbing uphill on a mountain bike. The main difference is the presence or absence of sufficient adhesion.

Climbing the mountain by road bike.

If the lift occurs in good conditions, that is, with sufficient traction, then the most important thing is to use the energy of your muscles to the maximum benefit. Every novice cyclist usually tries to get up from the saddle and in this position so that whatever it was to reach the top, of course, if he has enough strength. But with the use of special techniques, he does not necessarily bring himself to exhaustion.

Stay in the saddle.

Stay in the saddle whenever possible and try to maintain a high cadence as THESE conditions provide maximum efficiency. Want to get to the top faster? Then, while pressing the pedal, try to move a little back along the saddle, and also lean forward. In this case, the arms should remain slightly bent. When pedaling, try to pull the steering wheel towards you from the same side from which you press the pedal. Using this technique, you additionally engage the gluteal muscles.

Psychological component.

After you have mastered the technique of cycling uphill, you should pay attention to the psychological component of this process. Most cyclists who have mastered the technique of uphill climbing, not only know when to stay in the saddle, and when to get off the saddle, but also how to force themselves to stay in the saddle if necessary, or vice versa, stand on the pedals longer.

Most professional cyclists try to focus on the little things while maintaining a sense of the big picture. They think about every turn of the pedal and ask themselves questions. “Did I press the pedal correctly that time?” “How did my body behave?” “Was it upright?” Thoughts like these help you distract yourself from the grueling climb and pedal relentlessly.

But what if the climb is too long? In addition to asking themselves questions, professional cyclists mentally divide the hill into sections and build an internal dialogue with this in mind. “All I have to do now is get to those stones. Excellent! Now I can ride so that the bike computer is exactly 56 km. Only 23 meters? It’s not difficult at all. ” Then imagine that you have already reached the top. The main thing is not to try to divide the distance into too large segments. After reaching each mark, praise yourself as if you had just won the Tour de France. Each section covered brings you closer to the summit, and therefore to the exciting downhill.

Pedaling technique.

As you approach a hill, you want to shift into the lowest gear and start attacking the hill vigorously. But it doesn’t work. It’s the same as the axle box on the car on the ice. You will have trouble keeping your balance on the bike and the tires will slip. Instead, try to find a gear low enough that you don’t have to maintain a high cadence or step on the pedals. The best gear can only be determined in practice. Then just maintain a stable and even pedaling pace. Pay attention to your pedaling technique.

Increased traction.

During the winter cold and snowfall, motorists put several sandbags or several tires in the trunk in order to thereby increase the load on the rear wheels. This is the first thing to do on the bike if the tire starts to slip due to low traction. To do this, simply shift your weight to the back of the saddle.

Simple and effective! Well maybe Not really.

Climbing the mountain by mountain bike.

Halfway uphill, the rear tire starts to slip and slip. Sitting in the saddle does NOT achieve results, but standing pedaling is also of little use. And you have to ride the bike in your hands. you again failed to take the top.

To climb an uphill mountain bike, you first need to provide adequate traction. On a road bike (read about climbing a road bike above), traction problems can occur when the weather gets worse. When climbing a mountain bike, traction is almost always poor. It will be extremely difficult to climb even the simplest hill because of stones, roots, mud and sand.

To learn how to take uphills on a mountain bike, you have to learn how to transfer power to the rear wheel and prevent it from slipping.

Optimal trajectory selection.

Finding the best trajectory will also help you overcome the incline faster. As a rule, beginner cyclists usually choose a direction so that most obstacles can be avoided. It seems logical, but it does not always work, since when you turn the steering wheel during Avoiding an obstacle, it is more difficult to maintain balance than if it were just to move over this obstacle.

Of course, you will have to understand in practice which obstacles you can move and which are better to go around. Obviously, huge stones and large wet roots cannot be overcome and it is better to go around them. But with small obstacles you can handle most of the time.

Once you have entered the track, you must constantly follow the route. We constantly move our gaze from the front tire of the bicycle to a distance of about five meters in front of us. Look out for large rocks, roots, sand. anything that can stop you moving forward. By determining the quality of the surface and whether you can drive on it. As you gain experience, you will find routes that most people would think that even mountain goats could not walk on them.

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Correct gear shifting

Having figured out how to adjust the rear derailleur on a bicycle, it is worthwhile to study the issue of the correct gear shifting on the VELOBIKE. The fact is that if you do not “click” the gear shift knob, but approach the issue of their choice responsibly, you will significantly extend the life of your bike.

Choosing the right gear

If you try to change the speed in a stationary position of the vehicle, it can lead to failure of the transmission. Before you start shifting, the pressure on the pedals will need to be released.

If you need to shift gears quickly, try to do so consistently, rather than jumping over them. The fact is that when you miss a few gears, it can break the views and the derailleur itself. In the same case, when this procedure is carried out sequentially, all units and parts of the transmission will NOT be damaged.

Chain transfer position

It is worth remembering the following rule: if you want to overcome a hill, shift the gear up before starting to climb it. By doing this, you will not only save your strength, but also save the transmission from damage. The same rule applies when descending from a hill.

Bicycle Speed ​​Shifter

A bicycle drivetrain is perhaps one of the most complex mechanical parts.

And of course the most important one, because it is he who sets the bike in motion, transmitting the efforts of the legs through the pedals, cranks, sprockets and the chain to the rear wheel.

  • Single speed
  • Multi-speed

With the first point, everything is simple, we have a classic composition of elements: a front rear sprocket, and a chain between them. The size of the gears (the number of teeth) will depend on the ratio with which the efforts of your legs are converted to transfer them to the rear wheel.

Often, manufacturers use average values ​​so that a cyclist on a single-speed bike feels confident on level areas, he has enough strength to conquer a slight rise and accelerate a little off the descent.

If the Ego ratio does not suit you, you can increase or decrease the number of teeth on one of the sprockets, thereby ensuring the optimal load.

But what is there, high-speed bicycles allow you to ride where it is difficult to climb on foot, as well as accelerate almost like a car (albeit for a short period of time).

Speed ​​bicycles are much more complex and require special training to handle.

Consider the composition of the transmission on a bicycle with speeds: chainrings, front derailleur, chain, rear stars, rear derailleur, and most importantly, the bike’s gear shift knobs.

In addition to the number of speeds, they are also distinguished by the design of the switching system: planetary (gears of different diameters are located inside the rear hub or the bottom bracket of the bicycle), or the classic multispeed, where all the nodes are visible outside.

Shifting when going uphill

Beginner cyclists are often frightened by the fact that it is absolutely impossible to switch uphill. But this is not the case! The rules for switching uphill are simple. If you need to slow down on the chainrings, then you should slow down the torque with the pedals, that is, make the shift as smooth as possible.

Slowing down the torque with the pedals when shifting the forward gears is necessary because the difference between the stars on the front transmission is usually about 10 teeth, and this requires a smooth shift. Therefore, when moving uphill (and just on flat terrain), you need to slow down the torque with the pedals, then a smooth and correct switching will occur.

If, while driving uphill, you need to switch the speed on the rear transmission, then on the contrary, you need to increase the torque with the pedals.

The only thing that you should definitely not do when going uphill is to increase the speed on the chainrings (switch from 1 to 2, as well as from 2 to 3), you can increase and decrease the speed on the rear stars when going uphill, you can completely calmly, and not afraid that something will happen to your bike.

To be honest, personal experience will teach you how to switch gears correctly, so ride, try, train, and then you will succeed!

And remember that proper gear shifting is not only a guarantee of the health of your bike, but also maximum riding productivity in any terrain.!

Optimal cycling gear range

Depending on the training of the cyclist or the terrain on which the bike rides, you use a certain set of ratios of front and rear sprockets, which leads to their accelerated wear.

If you never include at least 50% of the speeds on your bike, it is worth thinking about optimizing Not only their number, but also the gear ratio. For example, your bike has stars in front of them with a calculation of 22/32/42, and a cassette 12-32 in the back.

In this case, you most often include gears 22 and 32 in front, and only middle sprockets at the back. In this case, consider changing the cassette to a model with fewer teeth on the large side. For example, modification 11-28 or 11-25.

The same can be done with chainrings, but in addition to reducing their size, you can reduce the number of speeds, absorbed 1 or even 2 stars.

In addition to optimizing the load and more rational use of transmission parts, you slightly lower the weight of the bike;).

In the case of a lack of downshifts, it is worth installing a set of rear sprockets with an increased number of teeth on the larger side or reducing the size of the chainrings.

Types of speed switches

There are two main types of speed switches. external and internal shifting.

Chain placement on a speed bike

The position of the bicycle chain on certain gears also has some features, which affect the accuracy of shifting and the durability of transmission parts. Some very helpful tips: Never use the smallest sprocket in the front and the smallest in the back.

The same applies to the large star in front and the large star behind. If you neglect these recommendations, a so-called chain skew is created in the transmission, which will negatively affect not only its durability, but also the efficiency of the cyclist.

The fact is that with a strong misalignment of the chain, the links have a detrimental effect on the teeth of the front / rear sprockets, die or lick them to one side. Also, if the ratio of the stars is incorrectly selected, the connections between the pins and the chain links will be loosened, accelerating its wear.

Internal switching mechanism

On city bicycles, an internal gearshift mechanism is often used, which is hidden inside the rear planetary hub. Bicycles with a planetary hub have only one chainring and one rear chainring. The number of speeds / gears in the planetary bushings is most often from 3 to 7 The planetary hub has a rather complex internal structure.

Pluses of planetary bushings:
they withstand adverse weather and road conditions well, since the mechanism and all its parts are enclosed in a case and, as a result, are reliable and durable;
you can switch speeds, and not pedaling.

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Cons of planetary hubs:
– heavy weight;
– very difficult repairs, impossible in field conditions.

Finding the right combinations of views

Experienced cyclists choose the right chainring for a comfortable ride, depending on the bike model. The most common combination for city driving or paved road conditions is the tandem of the 4th and 8th rear sprocket.

If you are going to go on a country road or ride on rough terrain, you will need a combination of a leading star with a follower, starting with the 3rd and ending with the 6th. The same combination is useful if you want to add stress to yourself while driving on the highway.

However, uphill driving requires a combination of the small guide sprocket with the first to third driven ones. In this case, the forces transmitted to the pedals by the cyclist will be minimal, but you will have to rotate them more often.

Choosing the gear with the rear derailleur so that there is no heavy load on the legs

Share this article with your friends, and write your questions in the comments, we will be happy to advise!

How to properly switch gears on a bike

No matter how many speeds your bike has, you definitely need to know how to use them correctly in order to extend the life of the transmission components and the ride does NOT turn into a nightmare with a crackle or chain slip. It is important to remember a few rules that will help make gear shifting easy, and most importantly safe.

  • Study the transmission of your bike. you should know how many gears you have; how many stars are in front and how many behind; where to move the shift knobs to increase or decrease the load.
  • Pedaling is a prerequisite for speed shifting. It is not enough to simply press or return the handle, it is important to make one full turn of the front pedals so that the chain takes up the star of your choice in front or behind.
  • Gear changes will only occur when the pedal is not applied or the minimum load is applied. Even the most expensive derailleur will NOT be able to move the chain onto an adjacent sprocket if you press down on the pedals with all your might. Therefore, practice doing this among flat areas, and over time you will be able to change gears even in the most difficult conditions.
  • Monitor the technical condition of your bike’s shifting system. When the components are NOT worn out, lubricated in time, and the switches are adjusted, then the gear change occurs in an instant.
  • Remember, the main thing is to cycle as much as possible using the gear shift system. The developed muscle memory will allow you to change gears do not look at the transmission or indicators on the steering wheel with light finger movements without squeaks and other troubles.

Learning to Ride: Landing

We put our beauty on a bicycle with difficulty. Teenagers at this age are terribly insecure and NOT confident in themselves and their strengths.

She was capricious and claimed that she would never be able to go, that she had no sense of balance at all. In the end, through long persuasion, she agreed to study.

How to teach adults

It is more difficult for an adult to learn something new, even such seemingly nonsense as riding a bicycle, while for a child, learning to ride a bicycle is much easier. But in fact, this technique is not so simple, because you need not only to be able to keep balance and pedal, but also to enter the turns correctly, brake smoothly and correctly start. To learn how to ride a bike for the shortest possible time, you need to study the instructions below.

Keeping balance

At the first stage, it was quite difficult to learn how to keep balance. This is the hardest moment to get on your bike and lift both feet off the ground. In the beginning It didn’t work at all.

Then I began to hold the bike, and she tried to put both feet on the pedals. Here, too, you need a lot of patience, otherwise you will start to lose your temper and get angry that the child does not succeed, thereby destroying his desire to learn. Calmly, patiently we teach the child, then he will go on his own, without your help.

Teaching a child to ride with spaced wheels

It is already clear now that at that time it was necessary to buy a bicycle with rear wheels. Then there would be much less problems with training.

In theory, it would look like this:

  • First, the child rides on a two-wheeled bike and two additional wheels on the sides. They will not let the child fall in any direction.
  • Later the child gets used to it and one wheel is removed. At the same time, they are asked to try to ride so as not to stand on an additional wheel.
  • As soon as you feel that the child has already got used to it, the last wheel is removed and learning to ride on two wheels begins.

Teach a child to ride a bike (experience of friends)

I think that each of the parents faced this problem. there is nothing to do for the child during the holidays. It is good if there are grandparents in the village, Who will take your child for the summer, or there is an opportunity to take vouchers to health camps. And if not, your child will wander around the house, demanding attention, and you will NOT explain to him that you have a job. Or sit day and night at the computer, fighting monsters. Summer, there are no children in the courtyards, many have gone on vacation. The child has nothing to do.

I found a way out for myself and bought a bicycle for my child. I have a daughter, 13 years old. There was no one to ride. neither I nor my wife know how to ride a bicycle. So, more theoreticians than practitioners.

Balance while riding

After the first successes, another problem began. After driving a few meters, the balance was lost, panic began, the bike wagged, the daughter jumped off it, and again tried to ride.

How Fast To Ride A Bike

I held her on the side, then behind the wheel in front, then behind. This went on for a week. We went out for a drive in the evenings, 2-3 hours. But this week was worth a lot!

A week later, my child, to his own surprise, got on a bike and went on his own, without my support. For another week, we worked out the skills of driving with turns, turning, on uneven surfaces.

Now we ride constantly, we go for a walk on the school field, where she cuts circles for several hours. Riding a bike is useful (see the article “Is it useful to ride a bike”), all muscles tightened, the fullness left the hips. At first, the daughter complained that her legs hurt a little after riding, now the pains have gone and cycling is only a joy.

How to teach to ride a bike

Main page → Riding → How to teach to ride a bike

Choosing a bike

I asked everyone who could be, on the subject: how to choose a bicycle for a child, it turned out that there are much more pitfalls than when choosing an adult mountain bike (see the article “choosing a mountain bike“). I found out that it is necessary to choose a bike according to height, so that the feet touch the ground when the rider is sitting on the harness. The seat on bicycles is generally adjustable so it can be adjusted to the desired height.

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Main steps

By the way, we recommend:

To learn how to ride a bike in just a few hours, you need to do everything in the following sequence:

  • The height and tilt of the seat needs to be adjusted, and so does the steering wheel. It is important to “fit” the bike under yourself, taking the following rules: the legs on the pedals in the lower position are extended almost completely, the arms are extended, the body is tilted forward. Sitting on the saddle, it is important to reach with your feet, namely your toes, in the ground.
  • Try the brakes. Those who do not know how to teach how to ride a bike need to know that it is better for beginners to use the rear brake, since the front brake is more dangerous.
  • Work out the landing. You need to learn how to quickly and accurately sit on the bike and get off it the same way.
  • Practice keeping your balance. To learn to ride without falling, you first need to get used to the bike. Sit on the saddle and try to keep your balance, not budge. Legs just need to lift off the ground, keeping in the air.
  • Take a ride without pedals. The person who needs to be taught to ride a bike must ride, leaning on his feet and pushing them off the ground. No need to pedal right away. This way you will be able to feel the bike, learn how to operate it.
  • Drive across the plain. Now you can ride with the pedals. First, it is better to ride on flat terrain so as not to be intimidated by the speed. But it is important to pedal intensively, because if you go too slowly, the risk of falling increases.
  • Go down the hill. You need to look at the road and keep the speed at the same level. At this stage, you can try out the brake in action, improve your balance.
  • Learn to turn. You need to drive into a turn Not only with the steering wheel, but also by tilting the body.

What is gear shifting

The essence of speed switching is to drag the chain from one star to another. Various combinations of front and rear sprockets allow you to adjust the cyclist’s load. But first, let’s turn to the bike drivetrain.

The transmission is all the parts and assemblies of the bicycle, which provide the transfer of energy to the rotational movement of the rear wheel. The transmission consists of a carriage, a system of connecting rods, a chain, sprockets or cassette (or ratchet), front and rear derailleurs, as well as shifters (they are also sometimes referred to as a shifter).

Gear shifting occurs via shifters, which are located on the steering wheel. Rear derailleur shifter located on the steering wheel case, the chain is thrown between the rear stars, and using the front derailleur shifter (it is on the left on the steering wheel). between the front stars.

Most multi-speed bikes have three drive sprockets and six to eight driven sprockets. The front stars are considered small to large, and the rear stars, on the contrary, are large to small.

Types of speed switches

There are two main types of speed switches. external and internal shifting.

Switching speeds on a bike. How to set up speed switches. What is gear shifting for?

Riding on a flat road, uphill or downhill require different efforts from the cyclist. On a single speed bike, there are no options, since there is only one gear. And those who have experience climbing a mountain on a single-speed bike know how difficult it is. But in the case of a multi-speed bike, new possibilities appear. you can adjust the load. On a bike equipped with Multiple Gears, for example, it is much easier to ride uphill. Let’s figure out how the gearshift occurs.

Correct star combinations

You should choose speeds depending on the terrain and your physical capabilities, and so that the chain does NOT twist. You can make sure that there are distortions just by looking at the chain. If it moves parallel to the frames of the front derailleur, then the selected speed is optimal. Skew occurs when the chain is on the front large chainring and on the rear, also large.

Let’s see which sprocket combinations are applicable on a bicycle with three chainrings and eight chainrings. The main principle is simple: it is necessary that the combination of front and rear stars is always approximately in the same vertical plane.

The large chainring is matched with 4-8 rear chainrings. This combination is optimal when riding on a flat road.

The middle chainring is matched with the 3rd to 6th chainring. This combination is suitable if you are riding on a slightly rough road, or if you want to give yourself more physical activity while riding on a flat road.

The small chainring is matched with 1 to 3 rear sprockets for uphill climbing. In this case, much less effort is required from the cyclist when pedaling, but more frequent pedaling.

Incorrect combination of front and rear sprockets, leads to a strong misalignment of the chain, shortening the life of not only the chain, but also the derailleurs.

Internal switching mechanism

On city bicycles, an internal gearshift mechanism is often used, which is hidden inside the rear planetary hub. Bicycles with a planetary hub have only one chainring and one rear chainring. The number of speeds / gears in the planetary bushings is most often from 3 to 7 The planetary hub has a rather complex internal structure.

Pluses of planetary bushings:
they withstand adverse weather and road conditions well, since the mechanism and all its parts are enclosed in a case and, as a result, are reliable and durable;
you can switch speeds, and not pedaling.

Cons of planetary hubs:
heavy weight;
very difficult repairs, impossible in field conditions.

External switching mechanism

This type of derailleur is used on most multi-speed bikes, from city bikes (eg Forward Dortmund 28 2.0) to mountain bikes (eg Forward Apache 27.5 2.0 disc). Gear shifting is carried out using the front and rear derailleurs.

Front derailleur
The front derailleur transfers the chain between the chainrings. The derailleur design has a moving frame within which the bicycle chain runs. When changing the speeds of the Shifter, the frame moves and becomes over the desired star, which ensures the movement of the chain to this star.

Rear derailleur
The rear derailleur is a spring-return mechanism that moves the frame (or foot) with rollers fixed between them within the transverse axis. In one direction, the switch is moved with a cable, and in the opposite direction, with a return spring. When you move the switch, the chain passed through it is thrown from one rear sprocket to another, and the chain tensioner automatically removes the chain slack.

Pros of external switches:
simple construction
light weight
low price
a large number of gears

Cons of external switches:
strongly influenced by unfavorable external factors
the need for adjustment and maintenance
risk of breakage if the bike falls
it is impossible to change gears if the bike is stationary

How to switch gears correctly

Correct gear shifting allows you to ride easier and more comfortable with less effort, as well as increase the service life of all elements of the bicycle transmission. We have prepared several rules and recommendations on how to properly switch speeds on a bike: