Electric scooter for how long does the charge last?

How to properly charge an electric scooter battery?

Before the first charge, you need to study the instructions, which indicate the charging rules. Use only the standard charger that came with the scooter. If it breaks down, buy the same, always branded. This is especially important for lithium ion and lithium. polymer modifications, which, when overcharged, can overheat, swell and even explode, which can lead to a fire. It is clear that the characteristics of the charger purchased for replacement, in any case, must correspond to the standard one, this is important for all types of battery. Pay attention to the rated voltage, maximum charge current, and full charge shutdown circuitry and full charge indication. Any battery can be ditched by charging designed for a higher voltage, for example, if you connect a 48V charger to a 36V battery.

Before charging, check all elements of the electrical circuit for moisture. If moisture is present, it is wiped with a dry cloth, and then dried in a warm room. First, the charging is connected to the mains, the ignition of the “Mains” indicator is controlled, then the plug is connected to the socket on the scooter. If connected the other way around, in the event of a charging breakdown, the electric circuit of the scooter can be damaged.

The overcharge protection unit will automatically stop charging when fully charged, and the control indicator will light up. After that, it is recommended to turn off the charging, it is not advisable to leave it overnight. If no end-of-charge indicator is provided, turn off time-lapse charging. Charging time is indicated in the instructions.

Before installing the scooter for storage in the winter or in case of a break in operation for a period of more than 1 month, we recommend discharging the battery by 40-60%. After every 2 months of storage, it is necessary to recharge up to 40-60%, because the battery capacity gradually decreases due to the self-discharge process. For long-term storage, it is better to put a scooter with a lithium battery (or the battery itself) in a cold place, with a temperature of 1 10 degrees.

How to charge an electric scooter.

The electric scooter does not require constant maintenance and refueling. You just need to charge it on time, know the rules for charging, operating and storing a scooter and, in particular, a rechargeable battery (acb). The service life of the battery and the distance that the scooter can cover on a single battery charge depends on the correct observance of these rules.

This article will focus on the rules for charging an electric scooter. To understand what is at stake, let’s briefly consider the main parameters of the battery. We will also tell you about the rules for its operation and storage.

Main parameters and characteristics of the battery.

An electric vehicle battery performs the same function as a gas tank for an internal combustion engine vehicle. It stores electrical energy that powers the electric motor.

The main characteristics of the battery, which are indicated in the catalogs, are its nominal voltage and capacity, the more these parameters, the better. Both of these parameters affect the most important parameter of the battery. the energy (power) reserve. This parameter will determine how much you can travel without recharging.

The energy (power) reserve is measured in watt hours (Wh or Wh). For a powerful motor, the value of the energy reserve should be at least 400 Wh, and better. 450-500 Wh. For average. 250-300 Wh. For the weak. 180-200 Wh. For example, the popular model of the kugoo s3 scooter, with a medium-power motor (350 W), has a battery with a capacity of 8 Ah and a voltage of 36 V. This battery is charged for 4 hours.

The battery voltage is selected according to the motor voltage, it can be 24V, 36V, 48V or 60V. The most popular are batteries with a voltage of 36V, they are usually equipped with modifications with medium-power engines, weaker models are usually equipped with 24-volt batteries, and powerful ones with 48 or 60 volts.

Capacity is measured in ampere hours (Ah or Ah). Usually it varies between 7-10 Ah, the more powerful the engine, the greater the capacity.

The type of battery and the manufacturer are also important. They are of the following types:

Lithium modifications are better than lead ones in all characteristics, primarily in terms of weight, capacity, service life and service life. Lithium batteries, in turn, are divided into:

  • Lithium Polymer (LiPo). light weight, high charge and discharge currents, withstand 500-800 charge cycles, fire hazard in case of overcharge.
  • Lithium-ion (LiIon). light weight, 500-1000 charge cycles, dependent on ambient temperature, fire hazard in case of overcharge.
  • Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePo4). high charge and discharge currents, 1500-2000 cycles, 20% heavier and more expensive than ions and polymers. Not fire hazardous, resistant to mechanical deformation. Do not lose capacity at subzero temperatures.
electric, scooter, long, does, charge

Lithium batteries are protected from overcharging by electronic circuits located inside the battery and the charger, therefore, overcharging and, as a result, fire or explosion of LiPo or LiIon modifications is possible only in the event of a breakdown of these circuits. This is a very rare occurrence, but you need to know this, at least then, so as not to use non-standard chargers.

Each battery gradually degrades, as a result of which its real capacity decreases. This is a very slow process, but there always comes a point when the capacity decreases so much that the battery can no longer be used. In this case, it must be replaced. The service life depends on various factors, usually several years. Branded lithium batteries have a significantly longer service life, about 3-5 years. The manufacturer’s declared life is usually 3 years, but if the rules of charging, operation and storage are observed, they usually last longer. While cheap, they can last only a year or less.

How to increase battery life.

Battery life is usually around one to two hours and depends on many factors:

  • battery power reserve (Wh), i.e. from capacity (Ah) and voltage (V);
  • battery type. if you compare lithium and lead-acid versions with the same characteristics, then lithium will work longer without recharging;
  • workmanship, i.e. from the manufacturer;
  • average speed of movement;
  • terrain. with hilly terrain and frequent uphill climbs, the time is reduced;
  • driving style. sharp accelerations to maximum speed significantly reduce the battery life, sometimes by 2-3 times, while coasting increases the power reserve;
  • load weights. the greater the weight of the person and the transported cargo, the shorter the battery life;
  • battery life;
  • using the regenerative braking mode;
  • ambient temperature. in cold weather, battery life is usually reduced.

To roughly determine the distance that a scooter can cover on a fully charged brand lithium battery (power reserve), you need to divide the energy reserve in Wh by 10.

Example. If the lithium battery has a capacity of 10 Ah, at a voltage of 48 V, then its energy reserve will be 10×48 = 480 Wh. Accordingly, the power reserve in this case will be equal to 480/10 = 48 km. Please note that this is an approximate value that is influenced by all of the above factors. The real distance can be 40 or 55 km. If you started driving with an incomplete charge, of course, the driving distance will be shorter.

Better to keep track of the operating time and power reserve on different terrain and at different speeds. This will help you to more accurately know the capabilities of your battery and predict the power reserve in a given situation. At first, it is better not to travel to the limit distances close to the distance calculated by the formula, it is better to always have a reserve of charge. Otherwise, the battery may run out ahead of time. you will have to reach a section of the path, pushing off with your foot or walking.

Do not forget that additional electrical appliances, such as headlights, side lights and others, also consume current when switched on, which naturally reduces the power reserve.

If the engine and the controller support the regenerative braking mode. very good, in this case the operating time can be increased by recharging the battery with the braking energy. In this mode, when braking, the engine gives off energy to charge the battery. Plus, brake pads wear less.

To increase the power reserve, we recommend using energy sparingly, coasting if possible and avoiding sudden acceleration and deceleration. When planning a route in advance, it is better to avoid roads with long climbs. You need to get under way and gain the first acceleration by pushing off with one foot from the surface of the ground, with the other standing on the deck, as on a regular scooter. At a speed of about 5 km / h, the engine starts automatically, both feet are placed on the deck.

How to charge an electric scooter

The process of replenishing the battery capacity is quite simple. To complete the task, you must:

    Inspect the body of the device and find the charger connection socket. It is closed with a lid to prevent moisture and dust from entering the power supply contacts.

  • Insert the charging cord into the socket.
  • Connect the adapter to a regular 220V outlet.
  • Wait until the indicator on the scooter body shows a full charge: its color will change from red to green.
  • Disconnect the charger from the mains, unplug the cord from the electric scooter and tightly close the cover protecting the socket.
  • It is not recommended to leave the charging process overnight, since in some cases a breakdown of the controller may appear, which cuts off the power supply when the maximum battery capacity is reached. As a result, the battery will overcharge, which will negatively affect its properties.

    According to the operating rules, the electric scooter must not be charged for more than 24 hours. However, this figure is clearly overestimated. If you look at the technical specifications and find out how much the electric scooter charges, you will get a value within 2-8 hours. Accordingly, even the most capacious device will reach the maximum battery charge after 8 hours, the rest of the time, if the controller is broken, a recharge will occur.

    READ  How Long To Ride A Bicycle

    How to charge an electric scooter. detailed guide

    An electric scooter is an environmentally friendly mode of transport that allows you to move around the city without hindrance without spending extra money on fuel and car components. The power reserve of this type of personal vehicle is within 25 km, which, with intensive use, requires periodic recharging during the day. In the current article, we will consider how to charge an electric scooter, and how much range a full battery provides.

    How to properly charge an electric scooter

    Despite the apparent simplicity, the process of replenishing the battery capacity requires the user to follow certain rules and recommendations that ensure a long battery life without the need for early replacement.

    Maintenance of the electric scooter battery requires the following rules:

    • The battery should be charged only with a complete adapter or its equivalent with identical characteristics. Otherwise, there is a risk of damage to the battery.
    • Only the manufacturer’s battery should be used in the electric scooter.
    • Do not open or disassemble the battery to avoid electric shock and short circuits that could damage sensitive boards and sensors.
  • The battery should be charged as soon as possible after each ride. In addition, full discharge has a negative impact when the scooter is deactivated and no longer responds to the rider’s actions.
  • Used batteries must be disposed of in a special manner and must not be placed in containers with food waste. Failure to comply with disposal rules leads to serious environmental pollution.
  • Continuing the topic of how to charge an electric scooter, we will consider the conditions of its storage, which also have a significant impact on the operation of the battery:

    • The battery, like the transport itself, should not be exposed to extreme temperature values:.20 and 50 degrees Celsius. For example, do not leave the scooter in a closed car in direct sunlight or store it on your balcony during winter. It is also forbidden to leave electric vehicles near open flames. This can cause the unit to overheat or even ignite.
    • If the electric scooter is idle for a long time. more than 30 days, the battery capacity should be fully replenished and the device should be placed in a dry, cool place. In the future, it is required to charge the battery every 60 days to avoid its failure, after which the possibility of warranty repair is excluded.
    • The charging process should take place in a temperature range of 5 to 25 degrees.
  • The use of an electric scooter that does not have a housing protection against moisture ingress during rain is prohibited. Water can seep into electrical circuits, short-circuit, or damage the battery.
  • Even adhering to all the established rules and recommendations, the battery requires replacement after a certain period of operation or charge-discharge cycles. In this case, you will need to contact the manufacturer’s service center.

    How long does it take to charge an electric scooter?

    The range of an electric scooter depends on many factors. Despite the fact that in the technical characteristics of the device you can find the maximum distance traveled on a single charge, it should be borne in mind that these indicators are calculated when driving on a flat surface, with an optimal rider weight and speed.

    The duration of the autonomous operation of the electric scooter is influenced by:

    • The type of terrain that prevails at the site of use. Driving upward consumes more battery power than driving on a flat road. If descents predominate, then the motor-wheel can not be used at all, thereby significantly increasing the run distance.
    • Travel speed. Driving at top speed has a negative impact on the number of kilometers traveled on a single charge. Each electric scooter has its own optimal speed, which saves battery power (usually about 18 km / h).
    • Rider weight. A child will be able to travel further than an adult with a large body weight.

    In addition, the ambient temperature affects autonomous running. When it falls below zero, the battery life begins to gradually decrease, self-discharge appears. If the ride is performed at 20 degrees, then the distance may be halved or even more.

    On average, modern electric scooters are capable of traveling from 20 to 40 km on a single charge, which makes them an excellent way of getting around in a city and allows you to get to almost any point of it without using your usual transport. Also check out our top electric scooters.

    Charger selection

    If the original components are lost or out of order, find a replacement from the manufacturer. Those who choose cheaper analogs take risks.

    • It is not recommended to charge the scooter with a different charge, lower in voltage. At a lower voltage, a chronic under-charge will occur. This will affect overall battery performance.
    • To replenish the charge a little, using such a device as an emergency measure, you can.

    In addition to matching current and voltage, consider the connectors and plugs. Pay attention to quantity and shape.

    You may need to use adapters.

    Factors affecting charge and range

    In addition to the above aspects, it is necessary to note the connection of optional sources of energy consumption. These include headlights and side lights. It is not recommended to neglect their use if necessary, but remember that excessive enthusiasm or inattention will cause the battery to drain faster, you need to.

    How to charge an electric scooter?

    An electric scooter is an environmentally friendly, safe, compact and modern way of transportation, which is suitable not only for adults, but also for children. In addition to the listed advantages, it is incredibly easy to maintain. How to properly charge an electric scooter, what affects the charge, and how long the battery will last, you will find out right now.

    How to extend battery life

    In addition to the instructions in the instructions, there are several general rules that will help to extend the life of the battery, and therefore the scooter as a whole. Here are some guidelines for a longer device life.

    • Use only the original adapter originally supplied with the kit. Do not buy cheap counterparts from unverified manufacturers.
    • Do not overcharge the battery. Leaving the scooter recharging overnight is strictly not recommended. Charging a scooter takes from 2 to 8 hours depending on the size of the battery and the degree of its discharge. Longer nutrition will lead to a decrease in quality and its early breakdown.
    • Do not charge the scooter less than 80-85%. Insufficient or occasional recharging will also negatively affect the battery, dramatically reducing overall battery life.
    • Do not use the scooter in extreme temperatures. The maximum and minimum values ​​will be spelled out in your instruction manual, but on average, the temperature range lies in the range from 20 to 45 degrees Celsius.
    • Do not charge the scooter in cold or hot weather. The temperature should be comfortable, room temperature. In this case, the process will go as efficiently and smoothly as possible.
    • If you have not used the scooter for a long time (more than a month), the battery needs 100% energy replenishment.

    Scooter power problems

    It is no secret that breakdowns occur more often during operation. Of course, the battery itself may fail (the service life will end, or the breakdown will be sudden), but difficulties may also arise with the network socket. and this is serious. Such a breakdown will block access to power, which means that you will not be able to replenish the device’s energy supply for further movement. To prevent an incident, it is better to arrange some kind of technical inspections, because an electric scooter is a vehicle.

    Diagnostics should be carried out either in an official service center, or at certified craftsmen who are well versed in models and manufacturers. The recommended frequency of visits to the diagnostician will be indicated in the original instructions, do not forget to check with it for any questions regarding the vehicle.

    Is there a scooter with recharging on the go

    This question implies an answer that will lead you not to a specific make or model of a scooter, but to additional, mobile power sources.

    Powering from an external battery is not news for a long time, you probably have been using such devices for a long time to recharge smartphones or laptops. Similar batteries exist for transport.

    They become relevant in a number of cases.

    • The need for a battery arises in the fall or winter, when freezing temperatures affect the maximum possible mileage. If the end point of the route is more than 18 kilometers away from the original, it is better to play it safe.
    • And also it may be needed in conditions of multiple rises. Mountainous terrain depletes charge faster.
    • Another option is to change the rider. The range also depends on the weight of the user. If you put on weight or an adult used the scooter instead of a child, the battery may not be enough for the usual route.

    But back to the main question. is it possible to charge a scooter on the go? Unfortunately, many manufacturers focus on the fact that such actions have a detrimental effect on the system.

    A self-charging scooter is an expensive rarity, but no one forbids you to take a break and replenish the charge.

    The reason for these restrictions lies in the load on the motor. He is able to withstand either the load of movement or power. It is not recommended to combine these two processes.

    Main characteristics of akb.

    An electric vehicle battery performs the same function as a gas tank for an internal combustion engine vehicle. It stores electrical energy that powers the electric motor.

    The main characteristics of the battery, which are indicated in the catalogs, are its nominal voltage and capacity, the more these parameters, the better. Both of these parameters affect the most important parameter of the battery. the energy (power) reserve. This parameter will determine how much you can travel without recharging.

    The energy (power) reserve is measured in watt hours (Wh or Wh). If you want to travel long distances (40-50 km), select a value of this parameter not less than 450-500 Wh, and preferably more. For medium distances (up to 30 km), 300-350 Wh is suitable. For short distances. 180-200 Wh.

    The battery voltage is selected depending on the motor voltage, it can be 24V, 36V, 48V or 60V. The most popular are batteries with a voltage of 36V, they are usually equipped with modifications with medium-power engines, weaker models are usually equipped with 24-volt batteries, and powerful ones with 48 or 60 volts.

    Capacity is measured in ampere hours (Ah or Ah). Usually it varies between 7-10 Ah, the more powerful the engine, the greater the capacity.

    READ  DIY bike trailer for children

    The type of battery and the manufacturer are also important. They are of the following types:

    Lithium modifications are better than lead ones in all characteristics, primarily in terms of weight, capacity, service life and service life. Lithium batteries, in turn, are divided into:

    • Lithium Polymer (LiPo). light weight, high charge and discharge currents, withstand 500-800 charge cycles, fire hazard in case of overcharge.
    • Lithium-ion (LiIon). light weight, 500-1000 charge cycles, dependent on ambient temperature, fire hazard in case of overcharge.
    • Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePo4). high charge and discharge currents, 1500-2000 cycles, 20% heavier and more expensive than ions and polymers. Not fire hazardous, resistant to mechanical deformation. Do not lose capacity at subzero temperatures.

    Lithium batteries are protected from overcharging by electronic circuits located inside the battery and the charger, therefore, overcharging and, as a result, fire or explosion of LiPo or LiIon modifications is possible only in the event of a breakdown of these circuits. This is a very rare occurrence, but you need to know this, at least then, so as not to use charges from other electrical appliances.

    Each battery gradually degrades, as a result of which its real capacity decreases. This is a very slow process, but there always comes a point when the capacity decreases so much that the battery can no longer be used. In this case, it must be replaced. The service life depends on various factors, usually several years. Branded lithium batteries have a significantly longer service life, about 3-5 years. The manufacturer’s declared life is usually 3 years, but if the rules of charging, operation and storage are observed, they usually last longer. While cheap, they can last only a year or less.

    How many kilometers does the battery capacity last?

    The distance traveled on a single battery charge usually ranges from 20 to 50 km and depends on many factors:

    • battery power reserve (Wh), i.e. from capacity (Ah) and voltage (V);
    • terrain. with hilly terrain and frequent uphill climbs, the distance is reduced;
    • driving style. sharp accelerations to maximum speed significantly reduce the power reserve;
    • load weights. the more the weight of the person and the transported cargo, the less the scooter will travel;
    • battery type;
    • workmanship, i.e. from the manufacturer;
    • battery life;
    • ambient temperature. in cold weather the power reserve is reduced.

    To estimate the approximate distance that a scooter can cover on a fully charged lithium brand battery (power reserve), divide the energy reserve in Wh by 10. For a brand lead battery, the distance will be slightly lower. For a budget lithium or lead model from an unknown Chinese brand, the power reserve will also be lower. How much lower? It is not known, it all depends on the manufacturer, it can be much lower. Those. this formula only applies to branded lithium models.

    Example. If the lithium battery has a capacity of 8 Ah, at a voltage of 36 V, then its energy reserve will be 8×36 = 288 Wh. Accordingly, the power reserve in this case will be equal to 288/10 = 29 km. Please note that this is an approximate value that is influenced by all of the above factors. If you started driving with an incomplete charge, of course, the driving distance will be shorter.

    It is better to detect the power reserve yourself on different terrain and at different speeds. This will help you to more accurately know the capabilities of your battery and predict the power reserve in a given situation. At first, it is better not to travel to the limit distances close to the distance calculated by the formula, it is better to always have a reserve of charge. Otherwise, the battery may run out ahead of time. you will have to reach a section of the path, pushing off with your foot or walking.

    Also, it must be borne in mind that the capacity and energy reserve of any battery gradually decreases over time, which affects a gradual reduction in battery life and mileage on a single charge. This is a slow process, but nevertheless, after several years of operation, the capacity may decrease decently, as a result, the battery is worn out, and it must be replaced.

    How many years can a battery last without replacement? The answer to this question also depends on many factors, such as:

    • Battery Type. lead models lose capacity faster than lithium ones, the latter can also have a different electrochemical composition and a different service life;
    • manufacturer. branded models have a longer service life;
    • the number of charge / discharge cycles carried out during operation. the more cycles, the shorter the service life, for lithium models the number of cycles can be from 500 to 2000 (depending on the electrochemical composition and brand);
    • driving style. constant driving at maximum speed with a heavy load leads to premature degradation;
    • compliance with the charging rules. you need to charge only with proprietary charging at a temperature of 5 20 degrees;
    • operating temperature. in severe frost, the service life decreases, the ideal operating temperature is 20 degrees;
    • observance of storage rules. it is better to store lithium models charged by about 40-60%, at a temperature of 1 10 degrees, in this case the self-discharge is minimal.

    Do not forget that additional electrical appliances, such as headlights, side lights and others, also consume current when switched on, which naturally reduces the power reserve.

    If the engine and the controller support the regenerative braking mode. very good, in this case the range can be increased by recharging the battery with braking energy. In this mode, when braking, the engine gives off energy to charge the battery. Plus, brake pads wear less.

    To increase the power reserve, we recommend using energy sparingly, coasting if possible and avoiding sudden acceleration and deceleration. When planning a route in advance, it is better to avoid roads with long climbs. You need to get under way and gain the first acceleration by pushing off with one foot from the surface of the ground, with the other standing on the deck, as on a regular scooter. At a speed of about 5 km / h, the engine starts automatically, both feet are placed on the deck.

    How many kilometers does one electric scooter battery charge last?

    Electric scooters are becoming an increasingly popular form of private urban transport. Their popularity is due to their economy and ease of movement around the city. They do not need to be filled with expensive gasoline, it is enough just to charge the storage battery (acb), and you can hit the road.

    The scooters are very maneuverable, which allows you to easily bypass the traffic jams that arise in the city, you can turn onto the sidewalk, go around the traffic jam, then continue on the road. The light weight makes it easy to lift the scooter into your apartment for storage, i.e. it is not necessary to have a garage.

    Many people have a question: “how many km is one battery charge enough?” In this article we will answer this question, but to understand what is at stake, you need to know the main characteristics of akb.

    How to properly charge an electric scooter battery?

    Before the first charge, you need to study the instructions, which indicate the charging rules. Use only the standard charger that came with the scooter. If it breaks down, buy the same, always branded. This is especially important for lithium ion and lithium. polymer modifications, which, when overcharged, can overheat, swell and even explode, which can lead to a fire. It is clear that the characteristics of the charger purchased for replacement, in any case, must correspond to the standard one, this is important for all types of battery. Pay attention to the rated voltage, maximum charge current, and full charge shutdown circuitry and full charge indication. Any battery can be ditched by charging designed for a higher voltage, for example, if you connect a 48V charger to a 36V battery.

    Before charging, check all elements of the electrical circuit for moisture. If moisture is present, it is wiped with a dry cloth, and then dried in a warm room. First, the charging is connected to the mains, the ignition of the “Mains” indicator is controlled, then the plug is connected to the socket on the scooter. If connected the other way around, in the event of a charging breakdown, the electric circuit of the scooter can be damaged.

    How Long does an Electric Scooter Last- Riding a Bird into the City Plus 100 Sub Giveaway!

    The overcharge protection unit will automatically stop charging when fully charged, and the control indicator will light up. After that, it is recommended to turn off the charging, it is not advisable to leave it overnight. If no end-of-charge indicator is provided, turn off time-lapse charging. Charging time is indicated in the instructions.

    Before installing the scooter for storage in the winter or in case of a break in operation for a period of more than 1 month, we recommend discharging the battery by 40-60%. After every 2 months of storage, it is necessary to charge up to 40-60% before charging, because the battery capacity gradually decreases due to the self-discharge process. For long-term storage, it is better to put a scooter with a lithium battery (or the battery itself) in a cold place, with a temperature of 1 10 degrees.

    electric, scooter, long, does, charge

    How To Make Your Electric Scooter Battery Last Longer | 6 Easy Ways

    Why scooters with electric motors break down

    Having a choice, most buyers purchase a quality vehicle that is distinguished not only by attractive driving characteristics, but also by a reliable design. Leading manufacturers guarantee the durability of their products, however, any equipment can fail.

    Among the causes of malfunctions may be natural wear and tear of components, improper operation, as well as mechanical damage to the device that occurs in emergency situations. Sometimes the repair of an electric scooter can be done by hand, if its owner can determine the cause of the breakdown, and also has the necessary skills to eliminate it.

    Therefore, it is better to take advantage of the offers of service centers, where all the necessary equipment is available. If the electric vehicle has not yet expired the warranty period, then contacting professionals is mandatory.

    Electric scooter repair. popular faults and their elimination

    Over the years, electric scooters have turned from a toy for teenagers into a popular mode of transport for various categories of users. Today, on scooters equipped with electric motors, you can see not only schoolchildren and students, but also office workers who do not want to waste time in traffic jams.

    This type of electric transport has become an excellent choice for people living far from public transport stops, since the electric scooter can quickly be given a compact look and with it continue the trip by bus or trolleybus. There are a huge number of electric scooter models on sale from various manufacturers.

    Frequent faults

    Some damage to the electric scooter can be avoided if it is handled with care. The cause of many breakdowns is the neglect of the basic rules for the operation of electric vehicles.

    READ  How To Use Bicycle Gears

    Even if the manufacturers have taken care of protecting the electrical equipment of the device from moisture, you should not risk walking in the rain. Such trips may become an urgent need to replace the most important elements of the electric scooter.

    The following problems appear most often during operation:

    • loss of contacts at the junction of the elements of the device due to their oxidation. This happens when moisture gets in or condensation occurs during sudden temperature changes;
    • the battery is damaged. The main reasons may be improper operation, or the expired period of its work;
    • the control unit (controller) can fail when the device is overloaded, that is, the mismatch of its parameters with the power of the electrical equipment. There are also cases of factory defects.

    Among the malfunctions not related to electrical equipment, most often there is a need to repair or replace tires, repair the steering column or replace it due to a crack resulting from a fall. Sometimes, incorrect adjustment of the brakes causes them to malfunction.

    Solution of problems

    The battery malfunction is most easily determined. Typically, a defective battery will either not charge in the time it takes to charge, or it charges too quickly, but only lasts for a short time. Such a battery should be replaced with a new battery.

    However, poor contact often leads to malfunction of other elements of the controller, so it is better to immediately replace it with a new device. When choosing a new controller, it is necessary to match its parameters to the previously installed part. When replacing, the connection must be made according to the diagram printed on the controller.

    If the electric motor is out of order, then it is better to repair it in a workshop. Since modern electric scooters usually use a motor-wheel motor, it is really possible to replace it yourself.

    Tuning features

    There are many tuning elements that can make an electric scooter more comfortable, functional and beautiful. Often the device is supplemented with such useful elements:

    • additional rechargeable batteries and charging devices;
    • sound pneumatic signals;
    • additional buttons (for example, on the steering wheel);
    • trip mini-computers;
    • mud flaps;
    • backlight;
    • locks;
    • lighting lanterns;
    • holders for gadgets.

    It is not recommended to interfere with the electrical component of the scooter on your own if you do not have the appropriate knowledge.

    Pros and cons

    Progress does not stand still, and more modern and sophisticated electrical devices have replaced simple models of scooters. This technique is becoming more and more popular every year, since many people, in order to save money, try to change from cars to more budgetary modes of transport.

    Electric scooters, which are produced by many well-known manufacturers, have their own strengths and weaknesses, which should be taken into account if you want to acquire such a device.

    They have such positive qualities.

    These modern devices have few downsides.

    • This technique is often expensive.
    • Electrical models can be problematic and difficult to repair. In the event of a breakdown, the original spare part can be quite difficult to find.
    • Short run times can be a problem. This is especially true for low power devices.
    • In terms of speed indicators, electric scooters are inferior to mopeds. But this minus is relative, since 20-30 km / h in the city will be enough for a rider.
    • Electric scooters are sensitive to weather conditions. It is not recommended to use devices in cold weather, and they will not function in full force. rechargeable batteries are not designed for operation in winter or cold autumn.

    Safety

    When buying equipment, it must be borne in mind that it is equipped with a shortened base. Electric scooters are distinguished by a shifted center of gravity. The use of a technique with such features dramatically increases the risk of falling forward from it while braking. You can also fall off the electric scooter in other unforeseen situations, where you have to make decisions and act as quickly as possible.

    Some manufacturers, in order to reduce the risk of a rider falling, do not add front brakes to their designs. Thus, the user is deprived of the opportunity to brake sharply, which can lead to unpleasant consequences in dangerous situations.

    In addition to the risks associated with brakes, there are other problematic things that relate to the design features of a scooter with a motor. When the electric model hits an obstacle or when braking suddenly, the load applied to the steering rack increases. As a result, such events can lead to serious damage to the steering wheel and injury to the rider.

    When using such equipment, one must also bear in mind the danger of breakage of the fasteners of the saddle or folding mechanism. In order not to run into these troubles, one must always keep under control the technical condition of the scooter with a motor. It should be inspected before every departure from home.

    Particular attention is required to be paid to those elements that are most susceptible to rapid wear.

    There are many models of electric scooters. They differ according to different criteria.

    By battery power

    Different models of scooters with a motor are equipped with different batteries. The most common products are with lithium-ion batteries. There are also options with lithium polymer batteries. These varieties have a lot in common, but polymer elements are rarely used in scooters. they are not designed for shaking during operation.

    Designs equipped with lithium-ion batteries are more common than other options. Scooters with them have a relatively small mass, are durable and hold a charge for a long time. But this technique usually costs more. Lithium-ion batteries are not designed for low temperature environments.

    It is rare to find electric scooters with lead batteries on sale. These items are cheaper than the others. They can also serve at low temperature values ​​(albeit not very long), but the listed advantages are too few compared to the disadvantages.

    electric, scooter, long, does, charge

    Lead-acid batteries are too heavy, take a long time to charge (about 8-10 hours) and can withstand no more than 150-200 charging cycles.

    Speed

    On sale you can find models that accelerate to a maximum of 10 km / h. for an adult this may seem very little. A more suitable speed is considered to be from 15 to 30 km / h. At such speeds, it will be possible to ride both safely and comfortably.

    If you wish, you can pick up a more powerful version, accelerating to 50, 60, 70, 77, 90 and even 100 km / h. But these scooters are harder to drive, but they are almost always designed for a serious load from 120 to 150 kg.

    Other parameters

    It is desirable that the design of the scooter contains splash wings. They will protect the user from dirt that flies from under the wheels. It is worth choosing models in which the suspension comes with shock absorbers. this will make the ride much more comfortable. The on-board computer and reliable, folding handlebars will be useful.

    How to choose by parameters?

    If you want to buy a really good and rather powerful scooter with an electric motor, you should pay due attention to several basic criteria.

    Device and characteristics

    Before purchasing such an interesting type of transport, you need to understand its structure. The electric scooter itself is a traditional, simple model, but supplemented by a powerful frame, battery, electric motor, electronic controller. The braking systems in these devices can be different. Manufacturers produce models with disc, caliper or drum brakes.

    The device of modern electric scooters can also contain various useful additions. Due to the presence of such details, transport becomes more convenient and functional. Scooters with the following components are on sale:

    • a folding or stationary seat that allows you to travel long distances on a scooter in comfort;
    • necessary measuring instruments such as odometer, speedometer and the like;
    • light signaling, which can be represented by a headlight, brakes or a turn signal;
    • rearview mirror (like in cars);
    • roomy trunk with a basket, where it is possible to carry various cargo;
    • wheel suspension on shock absorbers, making the ride on the electric scooter more convenient and comfortable.

    The characteristics of scooters of different modifications and from different manufacturers may vary. Choosing such an “iron horse”, special attention should be paid to the main parameters.

    • Battery capacity. The power reserve of the device directly depends on this characteristic. The more capacious the battery is, the further you can go on the scooter. Devices for adult users usually have batteries with a minimum capacity of 10 Ah. Such a detail will allow you to cover a distance of about 35 km. But remember that the more capacious the battery, the longer it will take to inflate.
    • Maximum speed. These characteristics are related to the power level of the engine. In older devices, 500 W motors are often installed, and their speed can be 35-40 km / h. On sale you can find more powerful, faster specimens that can accelerate to 50 km / h.
    • Wheel diameter. This parameter is directly related to the level of cross-country ability and the speed of the electric scooter. The larger the diameter of the wheels, the more comfortable and fast the transport is. But large wheels are bad for the scooter‘s maneuverability. The optimal parameter is 8 inches.

    If you need to choose a device for driving on rough terrain, then a model with 8-12 inches wheels would be the ideal option. The quality of movement will also be affected by the number of wheels in the structure.

    The principle of operation of these vehicles cannot be called too intricate. Such a technique works due to the implementation of the accumulated electricity in the battery, that is, the electric motors of such devices with the indicators set by the controller are activated.

    The controller is responsible for determining a specific mode based on the distinctive characteristics of its internal hardware. The specified part can be activated not only with the command of the user. The main command is presented in the form of the position of the accelerator handle, and at the same time the necessary information from the tilt angle sensor to the road.

    Further, the torque of the electric motor is transmitted to the wheelbase. The wheels allow the device to move. Today, models that provide feedback are popular. Simply put, while driving from physical impact or downhill, when the wheels spin freely while coasting, the engine performs the same functions as the generator. it charges the battery (models with recuperation).

    The scheme of operation of such a technique is relatively simple and straightforward. It is better to familiarize yourself with it before you go shopping for an electric scooter.