Do-it-yourself mountain bike service

Table of Contents

Bulkhead steering column, brake system and transmission

Moving on to the elements of the bike that provide clarity of control, movement and stop.

Repair tools and supplies

It is impossible to carry out bulkhead and repair work with your own hands without a set of tools. They can be conditionally divided into mandatory and special. The first ones will be needed one way or another for all types of repair work.

  • wrenches of different sizes movable adjustable wrench;
  • hexagons (select the appropriate dimensions);
  • flat and Phillips (will be needed more often) screwdrivers;
  • pliers for rough work;
  • paddles for wheel disassembly;
  • thin knitting needles;
  • clamps;
  • pump;
  • tire repair kit.

Additional tools are required for professional repair of mechanisms. For example, the bulkhead of the carriage or the system of transmission stars cannot be carried out only with a screwdriver or an ordinary wrench.

The professional bike repair kit includes:

  • crankset and carriage pullers;
  • cassette puller with whip;
  • crank puller;
  • release key for the chain;
  • key for adjusting the tension of the spokes;
  • scissors for cutting cables;
  • repair kit for bleeding hydraulic brakes;
  • chain washing machine;
  • oil dosimeter (for special parts) and measuring beaker.

The tool is purchased once and for all, it helps to improve the technical condition of a particular mechanism. Consumables play a role in maintaining the mechanism during operation, while they themselves become unusable. Bicycle consumables include:

  • various types of lubricants: water and dirt repellent for the chain and sprockets, for the suspension fork, thickened compounds for bearings;
  • cleaning products;
  • brake fluid (for hydraulics);
  • sealants;
  • cock;
  • brake pads;
  • cables and springs.

Timely renewal of consumables together with the use of the right tools guarantees 100% good condition of the mechanisms.

How to properly maintain your bike with your own hands

A simple, at first glance, bicycle hides a large number of interconnected mechanisms. The serviceability of each of them guarantees comfortable and safe trips, and the two-wheeled horse itself is used as a full-fledged transport.

Periodic maintenance of the bike is required to maintain excellent condition. How often you need to carry out cleaning, bulkhead and repair activities depends on many factors. These include the features of the model, the quality of the components, the duration of the trips and the riding style.

An easy way to troubleshoot, change parts and consumables in a timely manner is to go to a qualified workshop. In some cases, this is the only option to bring the large into a ready state. However, you can do most of the maintenance on your bike yourself. By spending time, the bike owner will gain invaluable experience and save a lot of money.

General rules for bike care

The first and most important rule when caring for a bicycle is to keep it clean and pay great attention to the lubrication of the rubbing mechanisms. A systematic approach to maintaining is great in working order, it is:

  • timely and thorough washing;
  • cleaning of dust from sensitive parts. bushings, carriage assembly, switches;
  • removal of waste grease and stains;
  • processing with special lubricating compositions;
  • timely removal of foci of corrosion;
  • ensuring the geometric integrity of the structure. carefully tightening all bolted connections.

It is very important to store your bike properly. In off-season, the bike is idle, and its condition will directly depend on the surrounding conditions. It is not recommended to keep it on the balcony during the cold season and in damp rooms. The area around the bike should be clean, and it is also a good idea to provide a small space. If you cannot create optimal storage conditions, you can disassemble it and place it in an airtight case.

The condition of the frame, wheels and mechanisms is negatively affected by the fall of the bicycle. Of course, with active skating, this is inevitable, and at home he can accidentally fall on his side or completely fall off the wall. However, flying is best kept to a minimum, handling the bike more carefully and choosing safer riding locations.

Actually, all of the above is general bicycle maintenance. This allows you to increase the life of all parts and maintain a decent appearance. But over time, you will have to delve into the details of the bike device and deeper.

Frame, wheel and suspension maintenance

We begin maintenance of individual fixed parts of the bike. The frame is the main component, without which the great does not exist in principle. The frame takes on all efforts both from the person and from all the constituent parts fixed on it.

Over time, fatigue builds up in the pipes and at the joints, which forces the frame to distort its shape. It should be noted that this is noticeable only after a very long cycle of use. Conditions that provoke distortion of the frame: riding in unintended conditions, frequent falls of the bike, inadequacy of the carrying capacity to the weight of the cyclist.

The frame is also vulnerable to corrosion. Chips and cuts in the paint cause intense oxidation of the metal. To prevent the development of rust, it is necessary to frequently inspect the frame, eliminate foci of corrosion with special compounds and, if necessary, prime and paint the problem area.

Serious damage (cracks and fractures) cannot be repaired with your own hands, here it is worth contacting the master.

Wheels are prone to deformation. Bending of the rim makes the ride uncomfortable and worsen the wheel’s condition. It is possible to timely eliminate the deformation of the figure eight or the egg by changing the tension of the spokes using a spoke wrench.

Wheel bending can be avoided by maintaining optimal tire pressure. Tubes and tires should be free of cuts and punctures, and the nipple should keep air tightly inside the tire. If a puncture is found on the way, you need to use a repair kit. special patches for sealing holes.

It is recommended to remove tires with the help of soft paddles. assemblies. They allow you to maintain the integrity of the rim cover, tube and flipper, as well as quickly dismantle the tire.

The central part of the wheel. the hub requires careful maintenance. Bushing maintenance features:

  • do not wash under strong water pressure;
  • periodically wipe off dust and apply clean lubricant;
  • when turning the wheel, open, replace the bearings and lubricate the internal cavities.

Front fork maintenance includes periodic replacement of lubricant, cleaning feet from dust and deposits, timely replacement of sealing parts. In some cases, when the softness of the shock absorber is not adjusted, it is necessary to replace the spring and / or damper. Maintaining mountain bike cushioning is critical as it plays a key role in ride comfort and frame health.

Some bicycles have a rear vibration damper in addition to the suspension fork. The requirements for caring for him are similar, except that more often you will have to wipe the anthers from dirt.

Steering column

There are two types of columns on bicycles. integrated with industrial bearings and semi-integrated with balls.

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Only timely lubrication is included in the service of the steering wheel with prom-bearings. With semi-integrated columns, everything is more complicated: over time, the loads inside it are redistributed, as a result of which the balls disintegrate. As a result, the steering wheel cranking or its difficult movement. Repair of a head with loose balls includes replacing them and thoroughly lubricating them. Also, it will not be superfluous to check the column for dirt. Work must be done before each season or as needed.

Brake system

Keeping the brakes in good working order is a guarantee of safety. The system should be checked as often as possible, on average twice a week. We check:

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  • worn out pads;
  • condition of the braking surface;
  • the integrity and tension of the cables;
  • lubrication of the moving assemblies of the caliper and handle;
  • line to air (for hydraulic brakes).

For effective braking, it is important to set the pads correctly: the clearance should be minimal, but not brake the wheel. Of course, there should be no distortion on the rim itself. The surface (rim or disc) must be wiped clean and not oiled or dirty.

Accuracy and braking speed depend on the tension and the general condition of the cables. Optimal Tension. Pads snap in and rebound instantly when the handle is pressed / released. The good condition of the shirt is of great importance. no cracks on the shell and winding stretch marks.

For hydraulic brakes, the line must be kept in working order. Poor performance is caused by the presence of air or contaminated fluid. The system is pumped using a special tool once a season. The fluid must comply with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • checking and replacing bearings in the carriage, lubricating the unit;
  • inspection of the integrity of the connecting rods;
  • cleaning and lubricating the bicycle chain;
  • checking and replacing stars on the cassette;
  • setting switches.

The carriage and connecting rods can only be dismantled using special pullers. Particular attention is paid to the condition of the connecting rod pair (there should be no cracks) and the condition of the bearings inside the carriage. Plentiful lubrication with a special formulation plays a key role.

Cleaning and lubricating the chain is necessary to reduce wear on expensive transmission components. cassettes. You can remove the chain manually with a lock or using a squeeze. It is necessary to maintain the transmission mechanism as needed, but it will not be superfluous to periodically wipe the surface of the stars and chains from dust.

Worn cassette sprockets can be replaced individually. To free the rear wheel axle from the system, you need a special puller with a chain whip to hold.

Switching speeds depends on the state of the switches: their settings and the state of the drive cable. Find detailed instructions on how to set the front and rear derailleur here.

Bicycle maintenance. keeping it clean, lubricating mechanisms, replacing worn parts and consumables. is an integral part of a cyclist’s life. Timely correction of all defects, careful handling and foresight allows you to get the most out of the bike and enjoy riding for many, many seasons.

What exactly is the maintenance of the bike?

Do-it-yourself bike maintenance should involve many operations on the bike. Indeed, this vehicle requires a lot of maintenance. First, after the first season of the bike’s operation, it is necessary to completely recycle the bike. The fact is that most of the parts wear out significantly during the first time the bike is running. That is why it is necessary to immediately disassemble the bike and eliminate all malfunctions in order for the vehicle to serve as long as possible. However, in order to sort out the bike, you need to understand very well its structure. over, mountain bikes and sports bikes require periodic speed adjustments, which is also a rather difficult procedure. Often there are also problems with the brake pads, which must be pumped from time to time so that the brakes do not let you down at the right time.

How to service your bike yourself?

Any bicycle, regardless of its model and brand, requires maintenance and repair. Of course, for this purpose, you can contact the service and receive such services. However, most cyclists prefer to do their own maintenance so as not to spend extra money. over, any bike requires a lot of maintenance, which may be needed in any situation. And it is not always possible for a breakdown to occur close to the service, so you need to have certain skills on how to repair your bike. In addition, bike maintenance has other functions such as bike customization, parts replacement and many other services.

Periodic bike maintenance

In order for your bike to serve you as long as possible and does not cause any questions or difficulties while riding, it is necessary to timely and regularly take care of many of its parts. First, the chain must be periodically cleaned and lubricated. In addition, a lot of attention should be paid to tires, or rather to the pressure inside them. Rinse your bike regularly. If you are not sure about. If you are able to wash your bike yourself, it is better to use the help of professionals and go to a car wash. Before every ride or ride, you should check your bike thoroughly. As a rule, faults are visible immediately.

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When starting to sort out a bicycle, you need to be prepared for the fact that every detail in it will require attention and sufficient knowledge about its structure.

The process of caring for a frame is, first of all, keeping it clean. That is why it is extremely important to completely clean the frame of foreign dirt and dust before rebuilding the bike in order to avoid problems with dirt particles getting into the working mechanisms.

TIP! Washing under running water with a soft sponge and soapy water is ideal for preparing the frame for bulkhead.

Inspecting the most delicate and damaged areas for cracks or chips is a necessary step to avoid future problems. Experienced cyclists advise that the following parts be especially carefully inspected: head tube, bottom bracket tube, rear suspension and rear triangle stays. If scuffs or chips of paint are found on the frame, then they must be quickly painted over: spray paint does an excellent job with this task.

Steering column

The nuances of the column bulkhead process directly depend on its type: if in integrated columns operating on industrial bearings, it is enough to carry out a timely lubricant change, then for a semi-integrated ball bearing column it is necessary to replace worn balls on time. A clear signal to replace a part is considered to be the characteristic creak of the head tube and difficulties with turning the wheel.

How to make a complete bike repair and maintenance

It is extremely important for the owner of the bicycle to know that his transport is constantly in good condition. The life and health of the owner may ultimately depend on how reliably the bike works, because suddenly the brakes fail suddenly can provoke an accident. It is possible and necessary to turn to professionals, but in the life of every cyclist there comes a moment when a critical mass of knowledge about the structure of a bicycle has been reached and you can do routine maintenance and minor repairs of the bike yourself. To make the bulkhead process as smooth as possible, and the bike only gets better, you should follow these tips.

Suspension

Bicycle repair is not complete without fork maintenance, namely, changing oil, oil seals, pistons or springs, as well as regularly cleaning the legs and anthers from road dirt. Experts note that in the process of caring for the suspension, it is extremely important not to damage the ring springs, which will serve as a kind of protection for the fork from foreign dirt and dust particles.

The suspension is a rather delicate mechanism and requires special attention, so the craftsmen do not recommend sorting or repairing it yourself. And if the owner himself can carry out the current care, then the bulkhead of the cartridges should be entrusted to a professional master.

Shifters and cables

Maintenance of shifters consists in regularly cleaning the mechanism and replacing the lubricant with a new one, and since this mechanism experiences low loads, it is enough to service it once a season. It is important to pay due attention not only to the shifter itself, but also to the cables, rubbing them with oil and guaranteeing a soft slide inside the mechanism.

Carriage

The design of the carriages, both integrated and cartridge, is considered virtually non-separable, but in practice, craftsmen sometimes disassemble them for routine maintenance. When rebuilding the carriages, it is important to remember the location of the parts: two cups of an industrial bearing must occupy the places strictly assigned to them.

  • Read more about the bike carriage device in our article.

Braking system: calipers, hydraulic lines, brake levers

Since brakes are a guarantee of traffic safety and preservation of the life of the cyclist, timely care of the braking system can be considered essential in the process of rebuilding a bicycle. It is carried out in three directions:

  • Bulkhead calipers, checking the condition of the pistons and replacing them, if necessary, with new ones. Difficulties in the work of calipers are noticeable to the naked eye: usually it is not strong enough and too long braking and the failure of the handle. Identifying the cause and eliminating it will solve all problems.
  • The design of the brake lever is primitive: the body, the handle and the piston. but there can also be difficulties here, for example, with o-rings. If necessary, the craftsmen replace both the pistons and the O-rings.
  • Bleeding brake fluid in the brake lines is a normal process for rebuilding a bicycle. Loss of homogeneity of the pumped liquid can lead to disruptions in the adequate operation of the braking system, and a timely replacement guarantees the safety of the cyclist and reliable operation of the entire brake system.
  • A reliable brake is the key to your safety. Learn how to adjust and tune your brakes. Discover.
  • Are your bike brakes squeaky? Find out how to get rid of this problem.
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How to know when to adjust the brakes?

Adjusting the brakes is simple. If you feel that the brakes are too smooth, ineffective, then it is worth tightening them. By the way, in most cases this can be done without getting off the bike: simply by unscrewing the adjusting bolt / wing on the brake lever.

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What minor repairs can be done by hand?

If your bike has V-brakes (rim) or mechanical disc brakes, you can adjust them yourself. This requires a hex (number 5) and a little patience. The essence of the operation is reduced to the tension of the cable, which reduces the distance from the shoe to the rim / brake rotor. The shorter the distance, the more effective the brakes. How exactly this is done is shown in the video. Watch from 3:07.

On singlespeeds and fixes, you can tension the chain yourself. For this operation, you need a key for 17 (sometimes 15). Use a wrench to loosen the nuts on the rear wheel axle, then slide this wheel back in the dropouts (while making sure that the wheel is level between the frame stays) and tighten the nuts.

For all these operations, it is worth having at home and carrying gloves with you. There are thin, fabric, but dense. This should save the manicure, and your hands will remain clean.

What types of bicycles are most likely to break?

Mountain bikes, of course, need more careful and frequent care. The most unpretentious. singlespeeds and fixes.

What is the best way to wash a bike and whether it is necessary to lubricate it later?

You can wash it in any way: on your own using a bucket and a rag, in the bathroom or at the car wash. But there is one caveat. If you wash your bike with pressurized water, you do not need to direct the jet to the brake rotors and calipers. After washing, wipe and lubricate the chain. After lubrication. turn the pedals and remove excess lubricant with a lint-free cloth.

Is it difficult to change the camera? How Dirty It Is?

You can change the camera. The operation is not very difficult, you just need to figure out how the wheel is attached. On mountain bikes and highways, as a rule, eccentrics are used, on other bikes. nuts: either for open-end wrenches or for hexagons.

do-it-yourself, mountain, bike, service

The front wheel can be removed simply: the mount and brakes (where available) are loosened. We take the wheel out of the fork or dropouts, arm ourselves with gloves and assemblies, try to release the tire cord (this is its solid frame) from one side. You don’t have to remove the tire completely, just one side is enough. Strength and perseverance, of course, will have to be applied, but physically it is not very difficult.

When one side of the tire is removed, you need to inspect the tire itself, the rim, the flipper (rubber band that protects the tube from the spokes) and the tube itself. If everything is in order with the rim, tire and flipper, and the camera has a puncture, breakdown, or it breaks at the junction with the nipple, then you can safely put a new one. The new tube should be pumped up a little (it is easier to refuel it) and inserted into the tire. The camera should be flat and not twisted. Do not forget about the nipple, which needs to be inserted into a special hole in the rim.

Further. all the same actions, but in reverse order. We put on the tire using the monitors (carefully, do not pinch the camera!), Inflate the wheel and put it in place.

The rear wheel is the same, but it is more difficult to remove it due to the chain (and on bicycles with a foot brake, you also need to release the brake shackle, which is bolted to the frame).

Here is a good video on this topic (on the merits of the question. from 1:44).

Is there a way to get to the house or workshop if the camera burst?

You can’t ride on flat tires, at all. The consequences can be dire. After such a ride, the tire will need to be changed, so-called eggs form on the rim. the wheel becomes oval (but rather it will burst or bend).

Transmission

It is the most difficult unit, so not every cyclist can cope with its maintenance on his own. It is necessary to regularly check the carriage assembly, while there should be no play at all.

Wheel hubs are one of the most vulnerable system components. To check them, you need to keep the bike in an upright position, while trying to swing the wheels perpendicular to the axis of motion. In this case, there should be no backlash. If it exists, the problem may lie in a worn bushing, bearings, or insufficient axle clamping. It will not be so difficult to cope with such breakdowns on your own. It is recommended to lubricate the bearings once a year, completely removing the remnants of old lubricants.

They are enough to carry out only the most basic bike care tasks. To independently disassemble any node, you will also need other tools. Among them, the most commonly used are: carriage puller; spoke key; sleeve wrench.

Also, every owner of such a two-wheeled vehicle cannot do without a repair kit and consumables. This includes camera patches, replacement cables, lubricants, solvents, fork oil. This is not the whole list of what you will have to arm yourself with to perform an independent inspection and repair of your two-wheeled friend.

In most cases, every cycling enthusiast is independently engaged in maintaining the performance of his vehicle, but this requires not only having certain knowledge, but also having a large set of tools at his disposal. This is not an easy matter, but this is the only way to gain invaluable experience, which will only accumulate over the years.

Service of the bike, depending on the model and accessories, is recommended to be carried out at intervals from 500 to 2000 km of run. At the end of the season, such a vehicle without fail requires a bulkhead of all units. This will maximize their performance.

Proper storage of the bike is also critical. If your bike is idle, it is best to take care of achieving optimal conditions. Moisture and cold can damage mechanisms, so leaving your bike on the balcony during the cold season is simply unacceptable. Otherwise, you will definitely encounter a number of malfunctions that will make themselves felt already on the first trip.

It is also worth checking the integrity of the cables and their tension. The braking speed also depends on this. When it comes to hydraulic brakes, you must also ensure that there is no air in the system. He, as well as pollution, are the main causes of poor performance.

Do-it-yourself bike maintenance

In the spring, when the ice rinks are covered with puddles and the trail is surrounded by the first thawed patches, it’s time to get your bike ready for the new season.

A simple, at first glance, bicycle hides a large number of interconnected mechanisms. The serviceability of each of them guarantees comfortable and safe trips, and the two-wheeled horse itself is used as a full-fledged transport.

do-it-yourself, mountain, bike, service

Periodic maintenance of the bike is required to maintain excellent condition. How often you need to carry out cleaning, bulkhead and repair activities depends on many factors. These include the features of the model, the quality of the components, the duration of the trips and the riding style.

An easy way to troubleshoot, change parts and consumables in a timely manner is to go to a qualified workshop. In some cases, this is the only option to bring the large into a ready state. However, you can do most of the maintenance on your bike yourself. By spending time, the bike owner will gain invaluable experience and save a lot of money.

Repair tools and supplies

It is impossible to carry out bulkhead and repair work with your own hands without a set of tools. They can be conditionally divided into mandatory and special. The first ones will be needed one way or another for all types of repair work.

  • wrenches of different sizes movable adjustable wrench;
  • hexagons (select the appropriate dimensions);
  • flat and Phillips (will be needed more often) screwdrivers;
  • pliers for rough work;
  • paddles for wheel disassembly;
  • thin knitting needles;
  • clamps;
  • pump;
  • tire repair kit.
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Cyclist’s repair case

Additional tools are required for professional repair of mechanisms. For example, the bulkhead of the carriage or the system of transmission stars cannot be carried out only with a screwdriver or an ordinary wrench.

The professional bike repair kit includes:

  • crankset and carriage pullers;
  • cassette puller with whip;
  • crank puller;
  • release key for the chain;
  • key for adjusting the tension of the spokes;
  • scissors for cutting cables;
  • repair kit for bleeding hydraulic brakes;
  • chain washing machine;
  • oil dosimeter (for special parts) and measuring beaker.

Cassette remover

The tool is purchased once and for all, it helps to improve the technical condition of a particular mechanism. Consumables play a role in maintaining the mechanism during operation, while they themselves become unusable. Bicycle consumables include:

  • various types of lubricants: water and dirt repellent for the chain and sprockets, for the suspension fork, thickened compounds for bearings;
  • cleaning products;
  • brake fluid (for hydraulics);
  • sealants;
  • cock;
  • brake pads;
  • cables and springs.

Timely renewal of consumables together with the use of the right tools guarantees 100% good condition of the mechanisms.

Bulkhead steering column, brake system and transmission

Moving on to the elements of the bike that provide clarity of control, movement and stop.

Brake system

Keeping the brakes in good working order is a guarantee of safety. The system should be checked as often as possible, on average twice a week. We check:

  • worn out pads;
  • condition of the braking surface;
  • the integrity and tension of the cables;
  • lubrication of the moving assemblies of the caliper and handle;
  • line to air (for hydraulic brakes).

For effective braking, it is important to set the pads correctly: the clearance should be minimal, but not brake the wheel. Of course, there should be no distortion on the rim itself. The surface (rim or disc) must be wiped clean and not oiled or dirty. rear disc brake clearance

Adjusted rear disc brake clearance

Accuracy and braking speed depend on the tension and the general condition of the cables. Optimal Tension. Pads snap in and rebound instantly when the handle is pressed / released. The good condition of the shirt is of great importance. no cracks on the shell and winding stretch marks.

For hydraulic brakes, the line must be kept in working order. Poor performance is caused by the presence of air or contaminated fluid. The system is pumped using a special tool once a season. The fluid must comply with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • checking and replacing bearings in the carriage, lubricating the unit;
  • inspection of the integrity of the connecting rods;
  • cleaning and lubricating the bicycle chain;
  • checking and replacing stars on the cassette;
  • setting switches.

The carriage and connecting rods can only be dismantled using special pullers. Particular attention is paid to the condition of the connecting rod pair (there should be no cracks) and the condition of the bearings inside the carriage. Plentiful lubrication with a special formulation plays a key role.

Cleaning and lubricating the chain is necessary to reduce wear on expensive transmission components. cassettes. You can remove the chain manually with a lock or using a squeeze. It is necessary to maintain the transmission mechanism as needed, but it will not be superfluous to periodically wipe the surface of the stars and chains from dust.

Release wrench for chain with screw

Worn cassette sprockets can be replaced individually. To free the rear wheel axle from the system, you need a special puller with a chain whip to hold.

Switching speeds depends on the state of the switches: their settings and the state of the drive cable. Find detailed instructions on how to set the front and rear derailleur here.

Bicycle maintenance. keeping it clean, lubricating mechanisms, replacing worn parts and consumables. is an integral part of a cyclist’s life. Timely correction of all defects, careful handling and foresight allows you to get the most out of the bike and enjoy riding for many, many seasons.

Steering column

There are two types of columns on bicycles. integrated with industrial bearings and semi-integrated with balls.

Semi-integrated steering column bearing assembly

Only timely lubrication is included in the service of the steering wheel with prom-bearings. With semi-integrated columns, everything is more complicated: over time, the loads inside it are redistributed, as a result of which the balls disintegrate. As a result, the steering wheel cranking or its difficult movement. Repair of a head with loose balls includes replacing them and thoroughly lubricating them. Also, it will not be superfluous to check the column for dirt. Work must be done before each season or as needed.

Frame, wheel and suspension maintenance

We begin maintenance of individual fixed parts of the bike. The frame is the main component, without which the great does not exist in principle. The frame takes on all efforts both from the person and from all the constituent parts fixed on it.

Over time, fatigue builds up in the pipes and at the joints, which forces the frame to distort its shape. It should be noted that this is noticeable only after a very long cycle of use. Conditions that provoke distortion of the frame: riding in inappropriate conditions, frequent falls of the bike, inadequacy of the carrying capacity to the weight of the cyclist. rusty bike chain?

The frame is also vulnerable to corrosion. Chips and cuts in the paint cause intense oxidation of the metal. To prevent the development of rust, it is necessary to frequently inspect the frame, eliminate foci of corrosion with special compounds and, if necessary, prime and paint the problem area.

Serious damage (cracks and fractures) cannot be repaired with your own hands, here it is worth contacting the master.

Wheels are prone to deformation. Bending of the rim makes the ride uncomfortable and worsen the wheel’s condition. It is possible to timely eliminate the deformation of the figure eight or the egg by changing the tension of the spokes using a spoke wrench.

Wheel bending can be avoided by maintaining optimal tire pressure. Tubes and tires should be free of cuts and punctures, and the nipple should keep air tightly inside the tire. If a puncture is found on the way, you need to use a repair kit. special patches for sealing holes.

It is recommended to remove tires with the help of soft paddles. assemblies. They allow you to maintain the integrity of the rim cover, tube and flipper, as well as quickly dismantle the tire.

Wheel disassembly paddles

The central part of the wheel. the hub requires careful maintenance. Bushing maintenance features:

  • do not wash under strong water pressure;
  • periodically wipe off dust and apply clean lubricant;
  • when turning the wheel, open, replace the bearings and lubricate the internal cavities.

Front fork maintenance includes periodic replacement of lubricant, cleaning feet from dust and deposits, timely replacement of sealing parts. In some cases, when the softness of the shock absorber is not adjusted, it is necessary to replace the spring and / or damper. Maintaining mountain bike cushioning is critical as it plays a key role in ride comfort and frame health.

Some bicycles have a rear vibration damper in addition to the suspension fork. The requirements for caring for him are similar, except that more often you will have to wipe the anthers from dirt.

General rules for bike care

The first and most important rule when caring for a bicycle is to keep it clean and pay great attention to the lubrication of the rubbing mechanisms. A systematic approach to maintaining is great in working order, it is:

  • timely and thorough washing;
  • cleaning of dust from sensitive parts. bushings, carriage assembly, switches;
  • removal of waste grease and stains;
  • processing with special lubricating compositions;
  • timely removal of foci of corrosion;
  • ensuring the geometric integrity of the structure. carefully tightening all bolted connections.
do-it-yourself, mountain, bike, service

It is very important to store your bike properly. In off-season, the bike is idle, and its condition will directly depend on the surrounding conditions. It is not recommended to keep it on the balcony during the cold season and in damp rooms. The area around the bike should be clean, and it is also a good idea to provide a small space. If you cannot create optimal storage conditions, you can disassemble it and place it in an airtight case.

The condition of the frame, wheels and mechanisms is negatively affected by the fall of the bicycle. Of course, with active skating, this is inevitable, and at home he can accidentally fall on his side or completely fall off the wall. However, flying is best kept to a minimum, handling the bike more carefully and choosing safer riding locations.

Actually, all of the above is general bicycle maintenance. This allows you to increase the life of all parts and maintain a decent appearance. But over time, you will have to delve into the details of the bike device and deeper.