Choose one of the chain drive maintenance strategies
After reading the material on how to choose a mountain bike chain, you will understand that not all of them have the same resource. There are Shimano, SRAM and KMC, which are enough for 1,500 km when riding 50% dirt / 50% asphalt, and there are Campagnolo, which roll back up to 7,000 km in the same conditions.
You can use one of three basic cycling modes:
A new chain slips
It would be nice to replace the cassette. If the previous chain did not jump over the stars, then you can leave everything as it is. the “novye” will roll in and the smoothness of the course will be restored. Depending on the degree of “stretching” of the teeth, running-in will take from 50 to 150 km.
Attention! Remember to inspect the system sprockets and ratchets. Please note that leaving everything as it is, the chain resource in km will be lower.
How to control stretch.
Transmission wear due to incorrect gear shifting
Not every bicycle owner knows how to use it correctly. skills come with experience, but while it is being developed, the risk of transmission malfunctions increases dramatically. Remember the basic rules:
- When counting the stars at the front, start with the smallest.
- On the rear cassette, the opposite principle works. the counting starts from the largest star.
- When changing gears, combine the combination of large chainrings in the front and small ones in the back.
- You may have noticed that there are fewer sprockets on the front cassette. It is easy to conclude that there are several rear sprockets at once per one front sprocket. Consider this moment when changing gears.
Only by learning how to properly shift gears on a bicycle, you can avoid excessive distortion of the snake, which provokes wear and tear of parts at a rapid pace.
Old bike chain slips
She stretched out to a critical level. If you want to be sure. purchase one of the control devices and estimate the degree of elongation:
- Special chain gauge. The meter is simple and convenient.
- Calipers. From the point of view of accuracy, this tool is preferable to the caliber.
- Roulette. The most inaccurate device.
Pedaling: what are the problems and what are the causes
If a malfunction occurs for the first time, it can be difficult to determine what exactly it is. Signs of a pedaling problem:
- The wheel is not spinning or is not spinning enough;
- The bike chain slips while riding;
- Increase in freewheel.
In general, the reasons why the pedals on the bike are spinning are as follows:
- Bicycle sprocket cranks are worn. There is no need to undergo a technical inspection to establish this reason: the problem is obvious. When worn, the cranks on the sprocket appear worn and worn. A similar problem can arise from natural causes: the bike is simply old enough and already worn out. Or, while riding, the cyclist exerts too much force by applying excessive pressure on the pedals.
- Why does the rear sprocket spin on a bike? The reason may also lie in the lack of regular technical inspection and insufficient washing: perhaps the sprocket on the bike is simply dirty.
- Chain problem, which is one of the most common. The reason, as in the case of the wear of the sprocket cranks, may lie in the old age of the bike and not in regular maintenance. Perhaps the chain just needs washing and sufficient lubrication;
- Rear ratchet problems can be due to several reasons. Many are guilty of using too much oil or grease that is too thick. This could cause the ratchet to malfunction. It can also be caused by dirt and dust mixed with oil, or a broken bearing.
Bicycle chain slips under load. how to eliminate scrolling?
Why pedals on a bike? Most cycling enthusiasts face a similar problem. But even if you are a beginner and only recently purchased a bike, you should definitely know what the problem is, how to avoid it and what to do in such a situation.
How to prevent the chain from slipping on a speed bike under pedal load
If you did not touch the chain tension screw on the rear derailleur, and the mechanism itself works properly and accurately, there is no reason to go into its settings. An Intervention Has Occurred. Explore How Shimano Shifting Adjustments Are Made On A Mountain Bike.
How to know when to adjust the brakes?
Adjusting the brakes is simple. If you feel that the brakes are too smooth, ineffective, then it is worth tightening them. By the way, in most cases this can be done without getting off the bike: simply by unscrewing the adjusting bolt / wing on the brake lever.
Is there a way to get to the house or workshop if the camera burst?
You can’t ride on flat tires, at all. The consequences can be dire. After such a ride, the tire will need to be changed, so-called eggs form on the rim. the wheel becomes oval (but rather it will burst or bend).
What minor repairs can be done by hand?
If your bike has V-brakes (rim) or mechanical disc brakes, you can adjust them yourself. This requires a hex (number 5) and a little patience. The essence of the operation is reduced to the tension of the cable, which reduces the distance from the shoe to the rim / brake rotor. The shorter the distance, the more effective the brakes. How exactly this is done is shown in the video. Watch from 3:07.
On singlespeeds and fixes, you can tension the chain yourself. For this operation, you need a key for 17 (sometimes 15). Use a wrench to loosen the nuts on the rear wheel axle, then slide this wheel back in the dropouts (while making sure that the wheel is level between the frame stays) and tighten the nuts.
For all these operations, it is worth having at home and carrying gloves with you. There are thin, fabric, but dense. This should save the manicure, and your hands will remain clean.
Is it difficult to change the camera? How Dirty It Is?
You can change the camera. The operation is not very difficult, you just need to figure out how the wheel is attached. On mountain bikes and highways, as a rule, eccentrics are used, on other bikes. nuts: either for open-end wrenches or for hexagons.
The front wheel can be removed simply: the mount and brakes (where available) are loosened. We take out the wheel from the fork or dropouts, arm ourselves with gloves and assemblies, try to release the tire cord (this is its solid frame) from one side. You don’t have to remove the tire completely, just one side is enough. Strength and perseverance, of course, will have to be applied, but physically it is not very difficult.
When one side of the tire is removed, you need to inspect the tire itself, the rim, the flipper (rubber band that protects the tube from the spokes) and the tube itself. If everything is in order with the rim, tire and flipper, and the camera has a puncture, breakdown, or it breaks at the junction with the nipple, then you can safely put a new one. A new tube should be pumped up a bit (it’s easier to refuel this way) and inserted into the tire. The camera should be flat and not twisted. Do not forget about the nipple, which needs to be inserted into a special hole in the rim.
Further. all the same actions, but in reverse order. We put on the tire with the help of assemblies (carefully, do not pinch the camera!), Inflate the wheel and put it in place.
The rear wheel is the same, but it is more difficult to remove it due to the chain (and on bicycles with a foot brake, you also need to release the brake shackle, which is bolted to the frame).
Here is a good video on this topic (on the merits of the question. from 1:44).
Are there traditionally scarce spare parts that are better to buy in bulk / keep in stock??
Which pump is better to have?
It is more convenient to carry a compact pump. The best option is a pump that pumps in both directions. A pressure gauge is desirable. There are also inflator pumps on the market that, using charged cartridges, will quickly inflate a wheel.
Owners of singles (23-35 tires), fixes, road bikes, as well as hybrids should think about buying a floor pump for their home. The recommended tire pressures for these bicycles are high, so a regular pump won’t help in this situation.
DIY bike repair: 14 tips for beginners
Elementary tips to help you carry out emergency repairs with bicycles with your own hands everywhere: in the field, in the forest, in your own apartment.
It is difficult and scary to communicate with riders with a high level of knowledge. First, a lot is not clear. Secondly, there is a chance that they will be laughed at. And practice shows: you can ride a bike around the city for years without even having a normal pump, not to mention the skills of replacing the camera and adjusting the brakes.
But we all understand: sooner or later “the music will finish playing”: you will have to go through and you will have to “patch”, or wash the chain, or simply raise the saddle height / adjust the steering wheel / tighten the brake cables. What is needed for this? And in general, how to maintain a bike at an elementary level?
All about this. further: in the form of a question-answer.
Bicycle lubrication | How and what should be lubricated in a bicycle
Bicycle lubrication | How and what should be lubricated in a bicycle
A bicycle, like any vehicle, requires care and repair, care and love. Bicycles consist of many moving parts that are constantly in operation, and as you know, friction of two or more different elements, without lubrication, against each other can lead to breakdown of mechanisms. Therefore, you should constantly check and lubricate the undercarriage of the bike.
What you need to lubricate your bike?
The chain is one of the most moving parts, it is constantly in operation, it is generally recommended to lubricate the chain after each trip, but few people do this. If you pedal and hear ringing, this is a signal that the chain needs to be lubricated. Do not under any circumstances lubricate the chain with thick grease, thick grease attracts dirt, dust, which entails a deterioration in the bike’s running characteristics. For lubrication, it is best to use a special chain lubricant, or silicone lubricant in aerosol cans, it is easy to apply and dust attracts less. Do not forget that it is better to change the chain every 1200. 1500 km.
Before lubricating the chain, it is better to clean it.
Axles of the brake levers (v-brake)
The brakes are constantly in operation and provide a stop, therefore the braking system must be constantly monitored. To lubricate the axles, slightly unscrew the clamping screws and lubricate them with aerosol grease. Forget-me-not tighten the screws. Apply the brake several times. Be careful when lubricating so that it does not get on the rim and brake pads.
The rollers are close to the ground and are constantly in contact with water, mud, etc. You can lubricate the rollers with a spray lubricant.
in order to lubricate the rear derailleur, place the bike on a rack and shift gears up and down, lubricate all moving parts of the rear derailleur.
Shift and brake cables.
It is very important to lubricate the cables as they provide precise shifting and effective braking. If not lubricated, they can become jammed in the cable jacket. To lubricate the cable, simply drop oil or aerosol grease at the cable inlet and outlet into the cable jacket and press on the brakes and switches.
If you have a regular bushing, and not a cartridge, then you should lubricate the bearings so that they do not burn out and do not jam. To lubricate the carriage, remove the connecting rods and unscrew the carriage nut. Take out the bearings, clean them and the cups, then put in grease and put everything back.
They should also be lubricated with grease, for this you will have to remove the wheel and unscrew the bushings, remove all the bearings (if you have loose ones), clean them and the cups, put the grease on the cups and the bearings on it.
Front suspension fork
If you have a conventional elastomer spring fork, just carefully pour oil under the boot with a syringe and work it out, remove the remaining oil with a rag.
If you have a double suspension, lubricate all bushings, bearings, hinges with oil.
Timely inspection and lubrication will prolong your friend’s life and ensure a safe and comfortable ride.
How to care for shock absorbers?
In order for the bike to continue to ride successfully without any complaints from the rider, it is worth figuring out how to maintain the bike fork.
There are 2 types of service:
Intermediate. care for a pair of friction: “legs” and “pants”. They are protected by a rubber boot, but not 100% protected from dirt and water. Therefore, first of all, during intermediate maintenance, you need to remove the “pants” by unscrewing 2 bolts from the bottom of the fork, and clean them from the inside, then put new grease and reinstall them.
Complete. includes replacement of oil and seals in the damper. This is more complicated and requires a repair kit, bike tools and fork knowledge. If all this is not there, it is better to contact the workshop.
How to properly lubricate a bicycle fork? The process takes place in several stages: removing the plug from the mount; parsing it into its components; applying lubricant to active parts of the system; collecting and installing the plug back.
Another common question: what kind of oil should you put in your bike fork? Fork lubricants can be grease or liquid. Which one is right for a particular product? Better to focus on the manufacturer’s opinion. Experimenting with gear and machine oils can negatively affect the condition of the fork.
Prevention of gear shifting systems
The switches must function flawlessly so that the climbs and descents of the bike go smoothly. The bicycle rear derailleur is lubricated as follows:
unscrew and disassemble the rear derailleur;
wipe and lubricate it (it is advisable to also lubricate the spring and washer);
The function of the switches also depends on the condition of the cables. Lubrication of the cables of any type of bicycle is carried out only from the inside of the “shirts”. If you do this outside, then dust will stick to them. To clean and lubricate the cables, you will need to unscrew them, loosen them and pull the “shirts” out of the slots on the frame. After the end of the procedure, return everything to its place.
The cables that go through the bike are responsible for the correct function of the speed switch. The correct operation of the switches depends on how tight / loose the cable is. During operation, the cables can stretch, which negatively affects the functioning of the switches. Accordingly, it is necessary to tighten or loosen the adjusting screw. The procedure is repeated until the correct operation of the switch is achieved.
Bicycle care: 6 basic rules for washing, lubricating, storing your bike
Regular and proper care of any type of bike is a 100% guarantee of an increase in its useful life and an increase in the level of safety while riding. In addition to the neat appearance, do not forget about the brakes, shock absorbers, chains and other elements of this transport. Each stage of great care has its own nuances. Which ones? Read more about this in the article.
A nuance: most electric vehicles do not require as much care as a bicycle. It is enough to keep the device clean and recharge it on time.
Bicycle chain maintenance
Cycle chain links constantly rubbing against each other need regular lubrication. But before doing this, you need to know how to properly clean, wash and generally care for the bike chain (for example, from the Discovery brand).
How To Clean, Degrease and Lube a Bike Freewheel
So, how to wash the chain of a two-wheeled “friend”. a bicycle:
Washing the bike chain in solvent. This method is best suited for chains with detachable links. chain locks. It is necessary to remove the bike chain from the transport and place it in a plastic bottle, after filling it with solvent. It remains only to thoroughly shake this “cocktail”, then remove the chain and rinse it under running water.
For him, you will need to purchase a special machine. a clinging machine. Their main plus is that the chain does not need to be dismantled for cleaning. The principle of operation of various models of machines is almost identical and boils down to the fact that you need to pour the cleaning agent into a special container, tuck the chain into the guide rollers, close the lid and turn the cycle completely several times until it is completely cleaned. At the end, all that remains is to drain the cleaning agent.
After getting it in shape, it’s time to lubricate the bike chain.
There are 3 ways to lubricate your bike chain:
To drip the links with a special tool, each separately (for this you need an oiler).
Apply an aerosol spray (you need to additionally purchase a can with it).
Dismantle the bike chain and boil it in a thick lubricant.
It is best to lubricate every 50-100 km of cycling or if you hear a specific rustling sound while riding.
Quick 2 min Bike Drivetrain Cleaning & Lubrication: chain, cassette cogs, & more cycling
For lubrication, you can use:
have convenient packaging, can be used with any model of bicycles, excess grease can be easily removed with a cloth
sold in bottles with a special spout that helps to conveniently apply lubricant, you can use an ordinary syringe to apply them
durable, resistant to temperature extremes, protect against corrosion
convenient and economical to use, repel dust and moisture
withstand high pressure, have good penetrating ability, contain antistatic
After all the links of the bike chain have been processed, it is worth eliminating the excess lubricant with a rag, otherwise dust will stick to the lubricated places.
How to wash your bike?
In dry weather, such a need rarely arises, but after riding in mud and slush, the bike will definitely need to be cleaned. Can the bike be washed? If you do not pour water on it with buckets, then, of course, yes. Ideally, the washing process is best done outdoors or in a garage.
How can you wash your bike and what you need for this:
detergent (can be standard, for washing dishes).
If there is a lock on the bike chain, it is better to remove it and clean it separately so that dirt does not get into the rollers. It is worth starting washing from the lower pipe, since it is there that the largest layer of dirt is located. Then you need to walk over the rest of the frame. In places with difficult access (for example, a carriage assembly), you can wield an old toothbrush. The wheels can be removed and washed separately. During washing, you should avoid “vulnerable” places of the led, for example, bearings, forks. Finally, wipe the bike dry with a dry cloth.
A common question is: why do bike brakes squeak? There are several reasons depending on their type:
V-brake. if the pads are made of hard rubber, then the unpleasant squeak from them is quite strong. The wheel rim squeaks if it is very dirty or worn out and needs to be replaced. In addition, the pads must be strictly parallel to the rim, without skewing, otherwise annoying creaking cannot be avoided.
Disc. Rear and front disc brakes must be kept clean. The material from which the rotor is constructed is also important: the softer the steel, the quieter the brakes will be.
How can you lubricate disc brakes on a bicycle? The answer is nothing, otherwise they will not fulfill their purpose.
To eliminate the creaking of the brakes, you need:
regularly clean the rim. wipe it with thinner or gasoline to remove the rubber from the worn out pads, which has adhered to the rim and increases the friction force;
How and where to store your bike?
A haven for your “iron horse” should be chosen carefully, for its own safety, integrity and preservation of operational qualities.
How to store a bike at home. 2 types:
Assembled. it is better to hang the led on the wall so that the wheels do not come into contact with the floor. If during such storage the pressure in the tires drops, then the wheels will not deform. In rooms without heating, it is better not to leave the bike bike, since the rubber can crack.
Disassembled. the wheels and saddle must be removed from the bike. All this is packed in fabric or plastic bags to protect it from dust, and can also be hung on the wall. The saddle should also be kept warm to prevent deformation of the saddle cover.
How to store a bike in the stairwell? This place can only be chosen as a short-term shelter for the led, since even if the transport is equipped with a lock, there is a high probability of its theft by intruders. There is a lot of traffic in the entrances, so you should choose more “secluded” places for storage: a glazed balcony, a garage, a storage room.
Tip: if you want less storage problems, you should think about purchasing a compact electric unicycle, gyroboard or even an electric scooter. the latter folds elegantly, so that it can even be stored in a closet. And the newfangled electric rollers can be thrown onto the shoe rack.
And the last question. how to store your bike in winter? First you need to wash it thoroughly, clean and lubricate the chassis, chain, bushing. The led is sent for wintering only after it is completely dry and the grease is absorbed.
So, bike care is necessary and important. Without timely cleaning and lubrication of the chain, shock absorbers and other things, the bike can fail at the most crucial moment. Most of their described procedures are within the power of everyone, the exception is that if you need to disassemble the parts is large, you cannot do without the help of masters. Bikes do not like dirt and severe frosts, so the rider’s task is to organize suitable storage conditions for the bike, so that at the beginning of the season you do not have to repair the two-wheeled vehicle.