How to properly wash and lubricate your bike
Timely cleaning and lubrication of bike parts prevents damage to a particular part.
With regular cleaning of the bike, lubrication of all moving parts, the bike will work more smoothly and will delight you even longer.
It is best to clean and lubricate your bike immediately after walking, this will help prolong the life of the bike components for a long time, and your bike will look much better.
It will take you from 20 to 40 minutes to clean the bike, depending on the availability of free time and desire.
The main rule for cleaning a bicycle: do not allow abundant water ingress into the grooves of the carriage and steering wheel, on the wheel hubs, in the shifters. Do not direct a stream of water there, because if it gets there, it will stay there for a long time and will not add anything good to your bike.
Take half a bucket of warm, or even better, hot water and drip a small amount of detergent or car shampoo into it. First of all, wash the frame with a rag or sponge.
Clean the chain The chain is an important part of the bike. The first step in cleaning it is to use hot water, for convenience, you can use rubber gloves.
A stiff bristled brush will be a great help when cleaning the chain, and if it is too large for some areas, you can use an old toothbrush.
Degrease the chain. The degreaser will help remove any small particles of dirt and dust from the chain that may have remained after brushing.
Wipe down the chain using a soft cloth. To identify sections of the chain that are still not cleaned, move the links up and down, left and right. These areas are usually hidden from view, and this is the best way to clean them.
Lubricate the chain. When the chain is clean and dry, go to chain lubrication. Use a pipette bottle to apply oil accurately and with minimal wastage.
Smear the entire chain to keep all links lubricated, then wipe off excess oil with a rag. You can use machine oil to lubricate the chain.
Wipe and lubricate the cables. Wipe the cable with a cloth dampened with a degreaser. Then apply the lubricant to a clean, lint-free cloth. Take a rag with grease, clamp the cable with it and stretch it along the entire length. As a result, the lubricant will fall evenly on the entire cable without gaps.
Clean the front derailleur. The front derailleur is usually hard to reach and often contains a lot of dry dirt or grass. As a result, it may not perform well. Use a hot soapy water brush to clean your derailleur, or use a small brush to get into any dirty spots on the front derailleur. Make sure that no water gets into the carriage! Take a thin strip of cloth and wipe the switch dry.
Clean the rear derailleur of any grass adhered, dried dirt stuck between the rear derailleur strip and the wheel, and do not forget about the inside of the derailleur.
Lubricate the rear derailleur wheel Apply a small amount of grease to the wheel. A lot of dirt sticks to it, and such a lubricant will be very useful. Be sure to wipe off excess grease with a rag, because the wheel should look dry on the outside.
Remove large debris from the rear sprockets. The stars themselves are made so that debris does not linger on them, but nevertheless there may be remnants of grass and dry dirt between the stars. Then take hot soapy water and scrub with a brush. Try to clean as deeply as possible, and if you wish, you can treat the sprockets with a degreaser. Wipe the bike sprockets with a narrow strip of cloth.
Pay particular attention to cleaning disc brakes. they cannot tolerate even a small amount of oil. It can completely disable them.
On the one hand, it may seem that washing your bike often is dangerous, because there is a danger of water getting into the bearings. However, on the other hand, the result will be exactly the same, in the absence of proper care, because dirt gets into the bearings. Therefore, wash regularly, and most importantly, lubricate your bike.
Quick 2 min Bike Drivetrain Cleaning & Lubrication: chain, cassette cogs, & more cycling
Once a month (if used frequently) lubricate the fork posts with synthetic or light oil where they enter the lower tubes. Wipe off excess oil with a cloth.
Do not lubricate the shock absorber and pivot of a full suspension bike.
After washing all parts, wipe the frame again with a damp cloth. You can use a shine polish if you want.
After washing, do not leave the bike wet, be sure to wipe the bike with a dry and clean cloth.
Bicycle lubrication | How and what should be lubricated in a bicycle
Bicycle lubrication | How and what should be lubricated in a bicycle
A bicycle, like any vehicle, requires care and repair, care and love. Bicycles consist of many moving parts that are constantly in operation, and as you know, friction of two or more different elements, without lubrication, against each other can lead to breakdown of mechanisms. Therefore, you should constantly check and lubricate the undercarriage of the bike.
What you need to lubricate your bike?
The chain is one of the most moving parts, it is constantly in operation, it is generally recommended to lubricate the chain after each trip, but few people do this. If you pedal and hear ringing, this is a signal that the chain needs to be lubricated. Do not under any circumstances lubricate the chain with thick grease, thick grease attracts dirt, dust, which entails a deterioration in the bike’s running characteristics. For lubrication, it is best to use a special chain lubricant, or silicone lubricant in aerosol cans, it is easy to apply and dust attracts less. Do not forget that it is better to change the chain every 1200. 1500 km.
Before lubricating the chain, it is better to clean it.
Axles of the brake levers (v-brake)
The brakes are constantly in operation and provide a stop, so the braking system must be monitored constantly. To lubricate the axles, slightly unscrew the clamping screws and lubricate them with aerosol grease. Forget-me-not tighten the screws. Apply the brake several times. Be careful when lubricating so that it does not get on the rim and brake pads.
The rollers are close to the ground and are constantly in contact with water, mud, etc. You can lubricate the rollers with a spray lubricant.
in order to lubricate the rear derailleur, place the bike on a rack and shift gears up and down, lubricate all moving parts of the rear derailleur.
Shift and brake cables.
It is very important to lubricate the cables as they provide precise shifting and effective braking. If not lubricated, they can become jammed in the cable jacket. To lubricate the cable, simply drop oil or aerosol grease at the cable inlet and outlet into the cable jacket and press on the brakes and switches.
If you have a regular bushing, and not a cartridge, then you should lubricate the bearings so that they do not burn out and do not jam. To lubricate the carriage, remove the connecting rods and unscrew the carriage nut. Take out the bearings, clean them and the cups, then put in grease and put everything back.
They should also be lubricated with grease, for this you will have to remove the wheel and unscrew the bushings, remove all the bearings (if you have loose ones), clean them and the cups, put the grease on the cups and the bearings on it.
Front suspension fork
If you have a conventional elastomer spring fork, just carefully pour oil under the boot with a syringe and work it out, remove the remaining oil with a rag.
How To Clean, Degrease and Lube a Bike Freewheel
If you have a double suspension, lubricate all bushings, bearings, hinges with oil.
Timely inspection and lubrication will prolong your friend’s life and ensure a safe and comfortable ride.
How to wash your bike?
In dry weather, such a need rarely arises, but after riding in mud and slush, the bike will definitely need to be cleaned. Can the bike be washed? If you do not pour water on it with buckets, then, of course, yes. Ideally, the washing process is best done outdoors or in a garage.
How can you wash your bike and what you need for this:
detergent (can be standard, for washing dishes).
If there is a lock on the bike chain, it is better to remove it and clean it separately so that dirt does not get into the rollers. It is worth starting washing from the lower pipe, since it is there that the largest layer of dirt is located. Then you need to walk over the rest of the frame. In places with difficult access (for example, a carriage assembly), you can wield an old toothbrush. Wheels can be removed and washed separately. During washing, it is worth avoiding vulnerable places of the led, for example, bearings, forks. Finally, wipe the bike dry with a dry cloth.
Bicycle care: 6 basic rules for washing, lubricating, storing your bike
Regular and proper care of any type of bike is a 100% guarantee of an increase in its useful life and an increase in the level of safety while riding. In addition to the neat appearance, do not forget about the brakes, shock absorbers, chains and other elements of this transport. Each stage of great care has its own nuances. Which ones? Read more about this in the article.
A nuance: most electric vehicles do not require as much care as a bicycle. It is enough to keep the device clean and recharge it on time.
Prevention of gear shifting systems
The switches must function flawlessly so that the climbs and descents on the bike go smoothly. The bicycle rear derailleur is lubricated as follows:
unscrew and disassemble the rear derailleur;
wipe and lubricate it (it is advisable to also lubricate the spring and washer);
The function of the switches also depends on the condition of the cables. Lubrication of the cables of any type of bicycle is carried out only from the inside of the shirts. If you do this outside, then dust will stick to them. To clean and lubricate the cables, you will need to unscrew them, loosen them and pull the shirts out of the slots on the frame. After the end of the procedure, return everything to its place.
The cables that run through the bike are responsible for the correct function of the speed switch. The correct operation of the switches depends on how tight / loose the cable is. During operation, the cables can stretch, which negatively affects the functioning of the switches. Accordingly, it is necessary to tighten or loosen the adjusting screw. The procedure is repeated until the correct operation of the switch is achieved.
A common question is: why do bike brakes squeak? There are several reasons depending on their type:
V-brake. if the pads are made of hard rubber, then the unpleasant squeak from them is quite strong. The wheel rim squeaks if it is very dirty or worn out and needs to be replaced. In addition, the pads must be strictly parallel to the rim, without skewing, otherwise annoying creaking cannot be avoided.
Disc. Rear and front disc brakes must be kept clean. The material from which the rotor is constructed is also important: the softer the steel, the quieter the brakes will be.
How can you lubricate disc brakes on a bicycle? The answer is nothing, otherwise they will not fulfill their purpose.
To eliminate the creaking of the brakes, you need:
regularly clean the rim. wipe it with thinner or gasoline to remove the rubber from the worn pads, which has adhered to the rim and increases the friction force;
How to care for shock absorbers?
In order for the bike to continue to ride successfully without any complaints from the rider, it is worth figuring out how to maintain the bike fork.
There are 2 types of service:
Intermediate. care for a pair of friction: legs and pants. They are protected by a rubber boot, but not 100% protected from dirt and water. Therefore, first of all, during intermediate maintenance, you need to remove the pants by unscrewing 2 bolts from the bottom of the fork, and clean them from the inside, then put new grease and reinstall them.
Complete. includes replacement of oil and seals in the damper. This is more complicated and requires a repair kit, bike tools and fork knowledge. If all this is not there, it is better to contact the workshop.
How to properly lubricate a bicycle fork? The process takes place in several stages: removing the plug from the mount; parsing it into its components; applying lubricant to active parts of the system; collecting and installing the plug back.
Another common question: what kind of oil should you put in your bike fork? Fork lubricants can be grease or liquid. Which one is right for a particular product? Better to focus on the manufacturer’s opinion. Experimenting with gear and machine oils can negatively affect the condition of the fork.
Bicycle chain maintenance
Cycle chain links constantly rubbing against each other need regular lubrication. But before doing this, you need to know how to properly clean, wash and generally care for the bike chain (for example, from the Discovery brand).
So, how to wash the chain of a two-wheeled friend. a bicycle:
Washing the bike chain in solvent. This method is best suited for chains with detachable links. chain locks. It is necessary to remove the bike chain from the transport and place it in a plastic bottle, after filling it with solvent. It remains only to thoroughly shake this cocktail, then remove the chain and rinse it under running water.
For him, you will need to purchase a special machine. a clinging machine. Their main plus is that the chain does not need to be dismantled for cleaning. The principle of operation of various models of machines is almost identical and boils down to the fact that you need to pour the cleaning agent into a special container, tuck the chain into the guide rollers, close the lid and turn the cycle completely several times until it is completely cleaned. At the end, all that remains is to drain the cleaning agent.
After getting it in shape, it’s time to lubricate the bike chain.
There are 3 ways to lubricate your bike chain:
To drip the links with a special tool, each separately (for this you need an oiler).
Apply an aerosol spray (you need to additionally purchase a can with it).
Dismantle the bike chain and boil it in a thick lubricant.
It is best to lubricate every 50-100 km of cycling or if you hear a specific rustling sound while riding.
For lubrication, you can use:
have convenient packaging, can be used with any model of bicycles, excess grease can be easily removed with a cloth
sold in bottles with a special spout that helps to conveniently apply lubricant, you can use an ordinary syringe to apply them
durable, resistant to temperature extremes, protect against corrosion
convenient and economical to use, repel dust and moisture
withstand high pressure, have good penetrating ability, contain antistatic agent
After all the links of the bike chain have been processed, it is worth eliminating the excess lubricant with a rag, otherwise dust will stick to the lubricated places.
How and where to store your bike?
A haven for your iron horse should be chosen carefully, for its own safety, integrity and preservation of operational qualities.
How to store a bike at home. 2 types:
Assembled. it is better to hang the led on the wall so that the wheels do not come into contact with the floor. If during such storage the pressure in the tires drops, then the wheels will not deform. It is better not to leave the bike bike in rooms without heating, since the rubber can crack.
Disassembled. the wheels and saddle must be removed from the bike. All this is packed in fabric or plastic bags to protect it from dust, and can also be hung on the wall. The saddle should also be kept warm to prevent deformation of the saddle cover.
How to store a bike in the stairwell? This place can only be chosen as a short-term shelter for the led, since even if the transport is equipped with a lock, there is a high probability of its theft by intruders. There is a lot of traffic in the entrances, so you should choose more secluded places for storage: a glazed balcony, a garage, a storage room.
Tip: if you want fewer storage problems, you should think about purchasing a compact electric unicycle, gyroboard or even an electric scooter. the latter folds elegantly, so that it can even be stored in a closet. And the newfangled electric rollers can be thrown onto the shoe rack.
And the last question. how to store your bike in winter? First you need to thoroughly wash it, clean and lubricate the chassis, chain, bushing. The led is sent for wintering only after it is completely dry and the grease is absorbed.
So, bike care is necessary and important. Without timely cleaning and lubrication of the chain, shock absorbers and other things, the bike can fail at the most crucial moment. Most of their described procedures are within the power of everyone, the exception is that if you need to disassemble the parts is large, you cannot do without the help of the masters. Cycling bikes do not like dirt and severe frosts, so the rider’s task is to organize suitable storage conditions for the bike, so that at the beginning of the season there is no need to repair the two-wheeled vehicle.