Do I need to lubricate a new bike chain

How to properly lubricate a mountain bike?

A bicycle is one of such human mechanical inventions, in which there are elements that interact with each other by rolling some surfaces relative to others (wheel hubs, main carriage), by means of a chain transmission and by entering one smaller cylindrical surface into another. this is the damping mechanism front fork.

Despite the fact that bearings significantly reduce friction, proper lubrication of all these elements is necessary: ​​friction is reduced, movement is facilitated. This increases the life of the parts. However, it is important to know how to lubricate your bike properly.

The better the bike, the better the factory lubricant, the longer it lasts. These mountain bike models include, for example, Merida, GT. For example, it is known that the 2009 GT Avalanche 2.0 can freely gain 10,000 km without any lubrication of the bushings and carriages, while there is no damage to the bearings. Of course, this does not mean that you should not give a damn about the maintenance of the bike.

In the event that you buy an Auchan bike, it will be correct to open all the units that need lubrication immediately after purchase, check them and lubricate them again. Sometimes you need to replace something right away, for example, the rear bushing and bearings of the main carriage.

Probably it is not necessary to additionally indicate that only a thoroughly washed and, most importantly, dried bike should be lubricated.

So which parts of the bike need lubrication and how is it done?

The ride comfort depends on the regular lubrication of the bicycle chain. the chain does not buzz, it switches easily and freely. As a rule, the need for lubrication arises if the chain begins to rustle, rattle, and it is also difficult to shift gears. This can be felt after intensive driving in rain and muddy weather, after the chain is dry.

Chain tensioning mechanism

Rear derailleur rollers. They are often clogged with grease and dirt deposits that have thickened around the perimeter. They must be removed carefully, for example with a flat head screwdriver.

It is necessary to apply a dotted liquid lubricant on the roller axles to avoid squeaking and tight rotation. Only lubricated, they are able to keep the chain taut.

Wheel axle bearings

If the grease has dried out, then there is resistance to the wheel movement, an increased noise level, and when the bearing is destroyed, a backlash occurs in the wheel, and even wheel jamming can occur. The bearing lubrication scheme is identical to that of the carriage bearings.

Wire ropes

The bike has several cables that transmit the force from the shifters and brake levers to the front and rear derailleurs, as well as to the disc brakes or V. brake. If dirt has accumulated between the jacket and the cable, or the surfaces are dry, the controls may become seized. This leads to untimely gear changes and even to the impossibility of emergency braking.

To lubricate the cable entry and exit points from the jacket, apply a couple of drops of lubricant, and then operate the shifter lever or the brake handle. This allows you to lubricate evenly and to a considerable depth.

Front and rear derailleurs

The continuity of the cycle depends on the clarity and consistency of their actions. Sometimes, especially when going uphill, switching should be done immediately after the afterburner, in order to change gears not in tension, but in free speed. This often takes a fraction of a second, and the switches must be flawlessly engaged so that the upward climb does not get bogged down.

Switches are ideally disassembled for lubrication. information about maintenance and lubrication can be found here:

How to lubricate a bicycle chain

  • increase the chain tension by moving it to the corresponding large sprockets;
  • carefully clean the chain from dirt, you can use a rag by pressing it against the free section of the bicycle chain and turning the pedal;
  • then we lubricate the chain, it is better to apply the lubricant over the top point of the roller (if the bike is standing with its wheels up). Make sure one drop falls on each link.
  • When the whole chain is lubricated, you need to intensively turn the pedals in the opposite direction for a minute. idling of the chain, and then, choosing an average speed, turn the bicycle chain in the forward direction.
  • At the final stage, you need to remove all excess oil from the outside with a soft clean rag, since the main action of the lubricant is to work on the inner joints of the links, and from the outside, ordinary grease clings to dust, poplar fluff and contaminates the rollers and rear sprockets with its deposits. So don’t be afraid to rub the chain properly.

In addition to lubrication, you need to monitor the mileage of the chain. On average, it needs to be replaced after every 1500. 2000 km for the following reasons:

Also, the question often arises about how often to lubricate the chain.?

There are no uniform standards. It all depends on the feelings of the bike owner:

  • if resistance or crunch appears in the circuit;
  • after driving through dust and sand;
  • after any walk that exceeds 3-5 hours.

Some people lubricate the chain after 100 km of run, regardless of operating conditions. Probably this decision is the most correct, as it teaches you to regular maintenance.

Main run carriage

We can say that this is the main axis of the bicycle. It is from her that an impulse is distributed to other elements. Therefore, the speed, ease, and comfort of the stroke depend on the state of the carriage. The carriage elements are:

  • cups,
  • actual axis,
  • bearings.

A different, thick grease is put into the carriage, not the kind that drips onto the chain or cables.

Can the bike chain be lubricated

  • Machine engine oil. Not recommended, it is watery, the chain dries quickly.
  • Litol or grease. It is impossible to apply directly: practically nothing gets into the friction points, it will quickly collect all the dirt from the road.
  • WD-40. No, it’s a great degreaser, but not a lubricant. In the composition. white spirit and some light oils. The solvent transports the oils to sour spots where they loosen rust and other deposits. In fact, they can only wash the bike chain.

Ask a Mechanic: Properly Lubing a New Chain

How to lubricate a bicycle chain at home?

A proven method: cook in solid oil or lithium. Previously, when such an assortment of lubricants was not present on the shelves, a trouble-free technique was used.

In a metal container, thick oil was heated (best of all in a water bath). The chain was immersed in boiling water and boiled there for up to half an hour. During this time, the slurry penetrated into the thinnest gaps between the link plates.

After removing and hardening the lubricant, all excess was removed from the surface with a clean rag. Naturally, this method did not guarantee against traces of oil on the legs (when touched), but from the point of view of the quality of processing. the option competes with expensive specialized formulations.

READ  How to make a bicycle basket with your own hands

It is pointless to apply these lubricants in a thick form (at normal temperature). It will not penetrate critical points: bushings, gaps between plates.

But to the question: is it possible to lubricate a bicycle chain with engine oil ?, the answer is no. Such a lubricant can only work under sterile crankcase conditions.

When water gets in, it turns into an emulsion, and road dust will completely make an abrasive paste out of it. Engine oil is generally not compatible with bike mechanics.

How to choose a lubricant for a bicycle chain. video

Graphite Bike Lubricant

  • 50% Gasoline Galosh.
  • 50% graphite auto-lubrication.

It is more convenient to mix directly in a 20 ml syringe. According to the experience of enthusiastic specialists, this amount is enough for about 4 treatments.

Use of paraffin

Among the disadvantages. this processing option is very short-lived. You need to repeat it every 50 km. mileage. The material is inexpensive, but the procedure takes time.

Chain cleaning methods

Before lubricating the bike chain, it must be cleaned of dirt and old oil. To do this, you can use a special machine, with which cleaning is done anywhere, even in the forest or on the highway.

If this is not done, even the highest quality composition of the new oil will instantly mix with the remnants of moisture and abrasive dirt.

If you are not a supporter of advanced technologies, you can use the artisanal method. The rinsing tray is made from a plastic bottle in a few minutes.

And finally, the old grandfather’s way, proven for decades. True, you will have to dismantle the chain using a split lock.

It is a link equipped with elongated pins and a locking leaf spring. Outer plates with eccentric pin holes are used on modern products.

Once removed, you can immerse the chain in a plastic bottle filled with detergent (previously used exclusively with kerosene). Then the cocktail is shaken vigorously like a shaker.

All contaminants are removed mechanically while remaining in the liquid. The process is repeated several times, with the change of the washing liquid.

Of course, no one canceled the bath and the toothbrush. over, it is necessary to wash the bicycle chain and sprocket.

Is it necessary: ​​why lubricate a bicycle chain

At least, so that it does not creak or, in an intermediate version, does not chirp. As a maximum, a drop of oil in the friction unit (link) increases its wear resistance. As a result, the chain runs longer. In addition, you are unlikely to be able to accurately adjust the rear derailleur on a dry drive.

Digging deeper, the cycle life is determined not only by the lubricating qualities of a petrochemical product, but also by its ability to repel sand and dirt from the metal. Therefore, it is completely indifferent to what you will lubricate the bicycle chain at home or at a service station.

For your information. The chain has an allowable degree of elongation at which it causes minimal damage to the stars. To determine the critical stretch, buy a Caliber or use a caliper (adjust it to 119 mm and measure the inner dimension: if it is more than 120.6 mm, change it). The cassette wears out faster than chainrings and can withstand no more than 2-3 timely chain changes.

For dry weather

A bottle labeled DRY will do, but not any. If resource is a priority, choose Teflon, silicone or graphite bike lubricants. Their common disadvantage is that they dirty everything around. For those who love cleanliness, it is best to lubricate their bike chain with wax. But she also has a major drawback. she has unimportant lubricating characteristics.

Advice. Do not buy drugs in aerosol cans. It is consumed quickly, about 50% of the volume flies past the chain.

For wet weather conditions

It is best to lubricate the bike chain with heavy grease before it rains. It is delivered in a liquid state to the gap between the pin and the roller and thickens after a while. Crafting recipe:

  • Find vehicle compound 58 for propeller shafts or marine consistency for hubs.
  • Mix with gasoline Galosha (alternative. fuel for lighters) in a 1: 1 ratio.
  • Pour the mixture into a vial of nasal drops or fill into a syringe.

Do I need to lubricate the new chain?

New chains come with the lubricant already applied to them. This lubricant was originally more of a retarder or rust inhibitor than a lubricant and manufacturers recommended removing it before installing the chain. Now, it is not only a rust inhibitor, but also a really good lubricant and manufacturers recommend leaving the lubricant on the chain. Sometimes a new chain has a little excess lubricant, you need to remove the excess lubricant, so it won’t collect a lot of dirt on the chain, but be careful not to remove too much.

Types of bicycle lubricants

First step. choosing the right oil. There are two types of lubricant designed for bicycles: wet oils and dry oils.

There are also automotive oils and general utility oils, and none of them work well for bicycles. As an example, oils for general utility use WD-40. This light alcohol based oil is designed to eliminate minor squeaks as well as lubricate non-moving parts. However, it is too light for a bicycle chain, which also leaves a waxy coating on the chain, leading to faster chain wear.

Engine oil, on the other hand, is too thick to penetrate all small and inaccessible areas of the bike chain in a proper manner. In addition, the engine oil is too sticky and collects a lot of dirt, which also causes chain wear. So take my advice and use oils made for bicycles.

How to apply machine oil?

The best way to use chain lubricant is to put one drop of oil in each rivet / bushing (metal cylinder in the middle of the chain) while you pedal backwards. It takes about 3.5 crank rotations to go through the entire chain. If the bike is on a stand, it is best to set all gears in motion and allow the oil to reach all the nooks and crannies of the chain (be careful, if you put too much oil on the chain, it will spray all over the bike as it travels) After running through all the mechanisms, use a rag to wipe off any excess grease. If you are using dry lubricant, leave the bike alone for a few hours until the oil is completely dry.

Drip and aerosol lubrication

There are two ways you can apply the lubricant. You can use either aerosol lubricant or drip lubricant. Both are a similar product, but for chain lubrication I recommend using a drip lubricant instead of a spray lubricant. Drip lubrication allows oil to more easily penetrate each chain link without lubricating other parts of the bike.

In aerosol lubrication, it is difficult to control the amount of oil being sprayed and the spray is very easy to come into contact with other parts of the bike, such as the brakes or the rotor on the rear wheel.

Aerosol lubricants are useful for other objects, but I would recommend paying special attention to where the spray can be used.

Wet environment oils

This oil is thick enough to stay on the chain and thin enough to penetrate all the small moving parts, and will remain damp (feels like) while everything is being cleaned or washed. This oil cleans, lubricates and protects the chain from corrosion.

The best place to use this type of lubricant is in dirty or humid conditions where there is not a lot of dust. Be careful, though, because there are some wet oils that work well for moving parts of the bike, but are too thick to lubricate the bike chain.

READ  How to choose a bike for heavy weight

Phil Wood Tenaciou and Finish Line Cross Country are examples of such thick oils. The downside to using wet engine oils is that they stay wet on the chain and pick up a lot of dirt and debris that remains on all metal fragments and slowly wear out the chain drive as you drive. As the chain collects more dirt, the drive will break down faster. Therefore, it is really important to use wet engine oil only when the conditions call for it.

Some really good wet machine oils to recommend are Tri Flow and DuMonde Tech. I would recommend wet oils for cyclists who either do not lubricate their bike chain often, or for those who ride in wet or muddy climates, because this lubricant will stay on the chain longer.

Dry oils

Dry oil on the other hand is an alcohol based lubricant that dries on the chain and leaves a waxy layer that protects and lubricates the chain. Most dry oils take about 3-4 hours to dry and should be used well before traveling. The main advantage of dry lubrication is that it does not collect a lot of dirt.

On the reverse side, dry engine oils soften quickly, especially in wet or dirty conditions. On top of that, some dry engine oils leave a coating on the chain that is extremely difficult to remove. Pro Link and Boshield T9 are recommended for cyclists interested in dry lubrication. Both of these lubricants are excellent and will not leave any coating on the chain. The oil is great for mountain and road bikes. In dry conditions, this lubricant works great because it does not collect all the dust and dirt on the chain and as long as there is no excess moisture, the lubricant remains intact.

How often to use the lubricant?

The hardest question. how often you should lubricate the chain. Even at the expert level, this is not agreed. However, over-lubrication of the chain can damage the chain as well as lack of lubrication. The best answer regarding the frequency of using the oil. chain lubrication when required. It can be a week for some riders or 2-3 months for others. It depends on the conditions of the trip, the type of lubricant used and the number of trips made. If the chain makes squeaking noises, then be sure it’s time to lubricate it.

How to lubricate a bicycle chain

  • Does not attract dust.
  • Keeps the chain clean.
  • Penetrates into the smallest crevices, while not flowing out of them.
  • Does not wash out with a stream of water.

There is no such composition in nature. There are dry summer weather products that rain off in no time, and wet lubricants that smear clothes and attract dust. Therefore, when choosing, it is completely indifferent which brand of bike is better and how high it is in the rating.

Can the bike chain be lubricated

  • Machine engine oil. Not recommended, it is watery, the chain dries quickly.
  • Litol or grease. It is impossible to apply directly: practically nothing gets into the friction points, it will quickly collect all the dirt from the road.
  • WD-40. No, it’s a great degreaser, but not a lubricant. In the composition. white spirit and some light oils. The solvent transports the oils to sour spots where they loosen rust and other deposits. In fact, they can only wash the bike chain.

Homemade recipes: how to make your own chain lubricant

It is not necessary to use proprietary chemicals. No matter how colorfully the label is painted and the composition of some special formula is chewed in the same detail, the drug is hardly different from home analogues.

Of course, the company may have superiority in the resource by 5-10 km, but why this conversation if the amount of money is at stake, which is more than enough for one more chain. For a budget bike like Stels or Forward with cheap components, buying branded lubricants is also not a reason.

For dry weather

A bottle labeled DRY will do, but not any. If resource is a priority, choose Teflon, silicone or graphite bike lubricants. Their common disadvantage is that they dirty everything around. For those who love cleanliness, it is best to lubricate their bike chain with wax. But she also has a major drawback. she has unimportant lubricating characteristics.

Advice. Do not buy drugs in aerosol cans. It is consumed quickly, about 50% of the volume flies past the chain.

Is it necessary: ​​why lubricate a bicycle chain

At least, so that it does not creak or, in an intermediate version, does not chirp. As a maximum, a drop of oil in the friction unit (link) increases its wear resistance. As a result, the chain runs longer. In addition, you are unlikely to be able to accurately adjust the rear derailleur on a dry drive.

Digging deeper, the cycle life is determined not only by the lubricating qualities of a petrochemical product, but also by its ability to repel sand and dirt from the metal. Therefore, it is completely indifferent to what you will lubricate the bicycle chain at home or at a service station.

For your information. The chain has an allowable degree of elongation at which it causes minimal damage to the stars. To determine the critical stretch, buy a Caliber or use a caliper (adjust it to 119 mm and measure the inner dimension: if it is more than 120.6 mm, change it). The cassette wears out faster than chainrings and can withstand no more than 2-3 timely chain changes.

Graphite Bike Lubricant

  • 50% Gasoline Galosh.
  • 50% graphite auto-lubrication.

It is more convenient to mix directly in a 20 ml syringe. According to the experience of enthusiastic specialists, this amount is enough for about 4 treatments.

Paraffin lubricant

There are two ways to push the substance into the joints of the links:

  • Boil the chains in molten paraffin.
  • Dilute with kerosene in a ratio of 1: 2. 100 g of paraffin to 200 g of kerosene (better than aviation) and leave to stand for three days (during this time the paraffin clots will completely dissolve).

Adherents of the method extract paraffin from candles or buy it at a pharmacy. Before application, the material is ground on a grater. Practice shows that the average service life is about 500 km. In terms of costs, it is much cheaper than the Squirt analogue known in the cycling environment.

How can you lubricate a bicycle chain?

How to lubricate a bicycle chain is a matter of taste. It should be noted that WD40 and TF2 are not lubricants. Yes, it is convenient to carry these products with you in small cans and use when the chain starts to whistle along the way, but this is not a lubricant, but just a rinse / cleaner, which also has some lubricating effect, but not for a long time. There are many manufacturers of bicycle lubricants, everyone can choose something for their needs and budget. For example, Muc-Off Teflon chain lubricant. Under no circumstances use thick lubricants such as Litol, Solidol, etc. Excess dirt will stick to them and even in dry weather the whole chain will be in the sand, which will have a bad effect on its resource.

Lubricating the chain is not difficult. You have already wiped the chain with a rag, it is dry and completely clean. Now you take the oil can in your left hand, place it with the neck against the chain, and with the other hand slowly rotate the pedals back, pouring out a little oil along the entire length of the chain. If the oil is not in a small bottle, you can use a syringe. A few turns is enough. After that, make another 20-30 turns in the opposite direction so that the oil spreads over the links, then use a rag to remove excess grease from the surface of the chain. That’s all, the chain is lubricated. This procedure takes no more than 5 minutes of time and can be carried out every day after a trip in dirty conditions.

READ  40 minutes on a bike how many calories

Despite the apparent simplicity of the design, it consists of many elements:

New Bike Chain: Packing Grease or Re-Lube Before Use?

  • Outer and inner plates that are subject to tensile forces. At the mating points, the metal continually rubs against each other.
  • The rollers maintain the required distance between the plates, friction also occurs at the ends.
  • Bushings (glasses) act as plain bearings: of course, you cannot do without lubrication.
  • The pins (called pins) are constantly rotating. Their durability depends on the quality (and availability) of the lubricant.

How often do you need to lubricate your bike chain??

The frequency of maintenance of the chain is not directly related to the time intervals. The nodes wear out depending on the mileage, as well as the intensity of use.

For example, if you spend most of your run on a flat track, you can increase the distance. And if the bike is used off-road, or rough terrain with frequent climbs, the service interval is shortened.

For normal operating conditions, the range from grease to grease is 100-150 km. In severe conditions, or when operating in sports mode, it will be correct to lubricate the chain after 50-70 km.

Important! If you hear squeaks when pedaling, extraordinary maintenance should be done.

In addition, the need to apply an antifriction compound can be determined visually:

  • residues of lubricant in the form of lumps are visible on the links, the layer is uneven, there are traces of rust;
  • if you fold the chain in a loop and set it vertically (3-4 links), it is fixed in this position (well-lubricated links will fall down);
  • the links creak, when winding on the chain they linger at the top point.

And, of course, the chain drive must be serviced after riding in rain, mud, and snow.

As a rule, special formulations are used, or a grease that is resistant to water procedures. We will talk about this later, first we will analyze the procedure for carrying out the work.

Before lubricating the bike chain, it must be cleaned of dirt and old oil. To do this, you can use a special machine, with which cleaning is done anywhere, even in the forest or on the highway.

If this is not done, even the highest quality composition of the new oil will instantly mix with the remnants of moisture and abrasive dirt.

If you are not a supporter of advanced technologies, you can use the artisanal method. The rinsing tray is made from a plastic bottle in a few minutes.

And finally, the old grandfather’s way, proven for decades. True, you will have to dismantle the chain using a split lock.

It is a link equipped with elongated pins and a locking leaf spring. Outer plates with eccentric pin holes are used on modern products.

Once removed, you can immerse the chain in a plastic bottle filled with detergent (previously used exclusively with kerosene). Then the cocktail is shaken vigorously like a shaker.

How To Correctly Lubricate A Bike Chain | Mountain Bike Maintenance Skills

All contaminants are removed mechanically while remaining in the liquid. The process is repeated several times, with the change of the washing liquid.

Of course, no one canceled the bath and the toothbrush. over, it is necessary to wash the bicycle chain and sprocket.

For cleaning, special penetrating compounds are used, but ordinary kerosene or a solvent can be used. Sometimes the question is asked: can a bicycle chain be lubricated with sunflower oil? You cannot lubricate, but you can rinse.

precisely, it is necessary to prepare a mixture of water, detergent and any oil, including sunflower oil. Such a composition washes away dirt particles between the link plates well. Of course, after applying water, the links are thoroughly dried, after which the bicycle chain is lubricated.

need, lubricate, bike, chain

The gear shift is placed in a position where the tension is minimal. The roller of the gearshift mechanism is lowered into a glass of liquid, and several turns of the pedal sprocket are made. Then we lubricate the chain with oil, which in a small amount should be in the stock of every traveler.

Of course, this is not a complete service. But it will help not to spoil the drive after mud baths, far from civilization. You can argue as much as you like which lubricant is better, but in the described situation, ordinary lithol or solid oil will do. over, some 20-30 years ago, nothing else was used.

Information: To the question of how to lubricate a mountain bike chain. In this case, it is more important to choose the interval, rather than the type of lubrication. All modern tools are more likely to protect your clothes than a chain. And if you drive off-road in a traveling form, then the best remedy is grease compounds for cars.

Can I lubricate my bike chain with silicone grease??

If you are a supporter of modern materials, and you are not embarrassed by the high cost, consider a few examples of advanced formulations for bike bikers.

Important: Even if you are using the most expensive brands, the rinsing of the links before application is carried out as usual.

Silicone materials. They are full-fledged antifriction compounds that reduce not only friction, but also the noise of the drive.

Another positive property is that a thin layer of silicone does not stain clothes. Of course, no water (in the form of drops) penetrates into the chain. However, a trip through puddles leads to complete flushing after 20-50 km. The cost is average, you can afford to use it after every difficult trip.

  • Teflon bicycle chain lubricant is expensive. In addition, it dries for a long time after application, this must be taken into account if you want to use it on a long journey. If the layer is large enough, you are not afraid of rain or snow. However, the service life of such trains is not too long: no more than 100 km. The cleanliness of the clothes is guaranteed (after drying).
  • Graphite compositions have practically no drawbacks. Except that you can get dirty about them.

Excellent adhesion, relative moisture resistance, inability to absorb road dust. And, of course, anti-friction properties, which the newfangled silicones with Teflons never dreamed of. The price is quite affordable, at the same level as lithol.

If you have not decided what kind of lubricant to lubricate the chain on a bicycle, we offer a popular method available to everyone.

In fact, this technique is more about conservation than lubrication. Nevertheless, the anti-friction properties of paraffin are so high that the chains treated with it last much longer.

The solid composition is melted in a water bath, a bicycle chain is placed in it, the brew is cooked for at least an hour. Paraffin coats the outer part and penetrates into the spaces between the links.

The chain is hot removed and hung vertically. Excess paraffin flows down, leaving a thinnest protective layer on the surface.

The only drawback is that this treatment is short-lived (especially in winter), so it should be repeated every 50 km. The problem is compensated by the penny cost of the material.

need, lubricate, bike, chain

Naturally, thorough rinsing is required before the initial application. Re-application can be done immediately. Practically no debris and moisture get inside.

The method and type of lubrication can be selected based on the thickness of the wallet and the availability of free time. One rule is out of the question: A bicycle chain won’t last long without lubrication.