Motor Vernor XC. DIY bicycle wheel hub bearings
How to put industrial bearings on the wheel hub of a Motor Vernor XC bicycle with your own hands?
In this article I will tell you how I solved this problem. By replacing loose balls with industrial bearings, I was prompted by constant problems with the rear wheel hub. Since the familiar turner was not nearby, I had to strain my imagination in order to solve such a problem as quickly and simply as possible. The reliability of the structure should also be decisive in the created structure, but this quality can be checked only after a long time. To implement the idea, I needed only one standard axle with a diameter of 10 mm with cones, two industrial bearings (outer diameter. 28 mm, inner. 12 mm) and a piece of thin-walled pipe with an outer diameter of 30 mm.
So, let’s begin. For a start, the installed bowls were pressed out of the rear wheel hub. The trailing edges turned out to be a little rolled inward and I had to work well with a file to achieve a flat surface. Then I took a piece of pipe and a special workpiece from a piece of a piston pin with a diameter of 28 mm, one end of which was turned a little on a taper.
This segment began to increase the pipe diameter up to 28 mm for the bearing.
After all these actions, he cut a piece of pipe to the desired length and processed the outer diameter on emery to 30 mm of this homemade bushing (hereinafter simply referred to as CB) from the side that will enter the wheel hub, leaving a small shoulder on the outside.
Next, I inserted the bearing into the CB and pressed the entire structure into the wheel hub and lightly tapped it, achieving a full landing of the CB into the wheel hub.
I did the same on the other side of the wheel. I inserted the axle, prepared in the manner described below, into the bushing, counterbalanced and checked the ease of movement and runout of the wheel.
Everything turned out to be just wonderful. I must admit that if deficiencies are identified, the SV may have to be done anew. Possible malfunctions include the lack of alignment of the bearing seats (the bushing was processed manually and the thickness may not be uniform), which can lead to wheel runout.
The axis left the same as it was. Only I had to modernize a little. For this, the cone on the side of the taper was ground on emery to a diameter that allows it to be inserted into the bearing.
Ultra-high accuracy is not required here and it will be sufficient if the modernized cone is freely (without loosening) inserted into the bearing.
Further, the assembly was carried out in the usual manner. You can watch the video here:
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We carry out repair of the bearing of the front bushing
After prolonged use of the bicycle, the bearing or axle, as well as the balls and cone, may need to be replaced.
You can easily replace the bearing. And changing the cups will take some effort.
It is very difficult to get cups exactly the same as those on the sleeve.
There is an option of purchasing a used cup, but of good quality. You can perform turning work and install your product.
Although you need to compare the price. It’s probably better to just get a new part.
And yet, if you are replacing balls, change them all with a set.
How to replace the bearing of the front hub with your own hands?
You just need to carefully read the provided article.
Removal and installation of the sleeve
Before proceeding with the repair, you need to remember the entire procedure that you perform.
No need to change parts to the other side. The cone and balls may not match in terms of production. The wheel will not rotate properly.
bearing-pro extractor demo
It is necessary to adjust the tightening of the bushing cone.
Install the wheel. Then shake it in different directions. Find wheel play. tighten the cone again.
Do this until you have removed all wheel play.
Check that the wheel turns normally.
Next, you need to install the boot, insert the eccentric, screw on the rotor, and install the wheel on your bike.
Replacing the bearing of the front hub on a bicycle with your own hands
This article will provide you with detailed instructions for replacing the bearing of the bicycle front hub by yourself.
Looking at the design of the front bike hub, you might think that replacing the bearing is a tricky task. However, it is not.
How to Operate the Front Hub Bearing
I propose to consider the maintenance schedule for the front bike hub.
It is necessary to carry out prevention in order to exclude damage.
With standard preventive maintenance, it is necessary to clean the product from dirt, sand, dust. The bushing and bearing must be rinsed with kerosene or solvent and lubricated. Thus, you will not need to buy a new part for a long time.
It is necessary to change the lubricant after 5000 km, however, depending on the condition of the roads on which you operate your bike and the brands of anthers and seals, it will be needed earlier.
Sometimes you may find play when driving. Or grinding, howling. The wheel does not spin well.
When you find at least one of these reasons, urgently repair or replace the part.
Removing and disassembling the pedals. Step-by-step instruction.
Removing this part from your bike is easy. How to do everything correctly, depending on what you want to replace or repair, read on.
DIY Bike Bearing Puller
The main secret in disassembly is that you will not have to unscrew the left and right pedals in the same way. On the right side, it is unscrewed as usual. counterclockwise. But on the left, you must twist clockwise, since the thread here is left. This was originally designed to hedge the crank pedaling off the crank as you move.
You will need a simple set of repair tools. Stock up on an adjustable wrench, an open-end wrench for 15. There is also a so-called parrot wrench, it will also come in handy. Various socket wrenches are also needed.
You have already disconnected the connecting rod and pedal, now you will be directly engaged in disassembly. To do this, we need to do:
1.At the end of the pedal there is a plug that must be removed. It can be pry off with a screwdriver or some other sharp instrument.
2.Use a socket wrench to unscrew the lock nut, now the washer can be easily removed.
Unscrewing the pedal bearing cone must be done very carefully. Care must be taken so that during this process you do not lose the balls from the bearing. When you release the axle from it, the pedal should be stationary. And at the same time, watch out for the axle, which should not accidentally fall out of the case.
Budget Bicycle Bearing Press. Don’t waste your money on a “Professional” bike bearing press!!!
4.Now we get the balls in the first bearing. Count them so you don’t get lost and put them off for a while.
The axle must be removed from the housing. Do this over some surface, as in the other bearing you may miss a few balls. The number of balls in both bearings must be the same. Try not to mix these small parts, as they got used to a particular bearing during operation.
Remove old grease from all surfaces of bicycle pedal parts: cups, balls, cone and axle. Use a rag. If this is not enough, the pollution is too strong, apply VD-40. After using it, wipe everything thoroughly dry.
7.Carefully inspect the details. You will see which ones are faulty. The tapered groove in the bicycle pedal bearings may be damaged. In this case, replace the worn bearing with a new one.
How bicycle pedals work
The design principle of the bike pedal is the same as that of the hub in the front wheel. Only knitting needles are not attached to it, but a special platform for a person’s leg. It is attached to the connecting rod by means of a thread on the axle. Now let’s take a closer look at how a bicycle pedal works.
Currently, all pedals on the bicycle market can be roughly divided into three main categories:
- so called platforms:
Let’s take a closer look at each category to figure out how easy it is to replace a bicycle pedal bearing:
The most widespread are, of course, classic pedal models. Old Soviet bicycles were of this type. Modern brands have undergone a major upgrade to improve cyclist convenience.
These pedals have proven to be very reliable. Service is quite simple for them. Inside the housing, an axle, bearing, rubber pad, reflector, nut and locknut are required. Sometimes not bulk bearings are used, but industrial ones. Often the body in these pedals is made entirely of plastic. In this case, they are a monolithic structure.
This type of pedal applies to almost all types and brands of bicycles. These are mountain bikes, and even highways, although they are not often found in them.
The big advantage of this design is the low weight, because they are often made of plastic. These are inexpensive and easy-to-maintain parts.
2.Such pedals look like a monolithic wide platform. Aluminum or magnesium is poured into a mold. Milling is sometimes used. Although the product is monolithic, the interior contains the same details as in the classic version. The difference is the presence of engaging pins. In this case, the sole does not slip on the pedal.
A positive quality of this type is increased strength. They are installed on almost all models. These are mountain, road and city bikes. They are not used in road bikes, as they have a decent weight.
Heavy weight and increased cost are disadvantages.
Mountain and road bikes have contact pedals. A distinctive feature of the above types is a special hook, with the help of which the shoes of professional cyclists are securely fixed on the pedals.
Naturally, such a complex design will be much more expensive than others. And you will have to purchase special shoes for such a device.
We have learned about all types of pedals, now it’s the turn of their disassembly for repair or replacement of spare parts, including the pedal bearing.
How to replace a bicycle pedal bearing yourself?
It may immediately seem that the breakdown is too serious to be dealt with without specialists. However, this is not at all the case. I will tell you in detail how to disassemble the pedal and replace the bearing if necessary.
The pedals do not differ too much on different models. Basically, they are almost the same. They come in different sizes, sometimes some brands have special hooks that are designed for specialized cycling shoes.
However, the main device. the bushing, in practice, is designed according to the same system. Read below about how to practically disassemble the pedals, make repairs, if necessary. You will learn how the pedals work, how to remove the bearings from them, and replace them.
We change the bearing of the bicycle pedal with our own hands
After reading this article, you can replace the bearing in your bicycle pedal on your own.
When the bike moves, you hear an unpleasant squeak, to pedal, you need a lot of effort, are they hard to spin? This means that you need to disassemble this unit and check if the pedal bearing is broken.
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Putting the pedal back
The other bearing cup is coated with a sufficiently thick layer of lubricant. Do not overdo it with quantity, but do not spare the lubricant. There must be enough of it to be able to attach the bearing balls without falling out.
Place balls from another bearing in a cup. It will be more convenient to do this with tweezers. As stated earlier, it is imperative not to mix the balls of the first and second bearings. Re-calculate carefully if all the details are present.
Position the axle carefully. Try not to rush now. This kind of care and accuracy is needed to avoid misalignment of the balls of bearing number two. At the same time, make sure that the axle stays in place, it may fall out.
Now, also carefully, and sparing no material, apply grease over the top of the number one bearing cup. Here you also lay out the balls that you previously got out of this first bearing.
The cone is wound on top of the axle, you need to adjust its tension. To do this, gradually tighten it and check for any axial play. In the bicycle pedal, it can be both longitudinal and transverse. Try to keep the tightening as low as possible. In this case, all backlashes will disappear. Try how the pedal rotates. She should move easily and freely.
The washer is put in place, the fixing nut is tightened, and the hole is closed with a plug.
You have successfully assembled the bicycle pedal, replaced the worn bearing, and lubricated all the components.
All that remains is to attach the updated pedals to the bike. Do not forget about the direction in which we fasten the pedals to the connecting rod. I remind you that the right one is clockwise, the left one is counter-clockwise.
Your bike is now updated and will not cause any problems on the road!