Cycling speeds how to use 24

How to use bike gears

cycling, speeds

Many people today prefer multi-speed bikes over single-speed bikes. And this is not surprising, because they make it easier to drive through various hills. And if you have purchased one of these bicycles, we suggest reading our article, which will help you understand the gears.

Learning to understand how and when to change gears

It’s not so easy to immediately understand when to switch. But over time, this knowledge will come. Until then, keep on reading our guide to help you for sure.

If you are just getting on the bike and starting to ride, choose a low gear. Often the first cadences you make are the hardest because you need to pick up the optimal speed. Each time you start driving, change the gear to one of the lower gears to get back to speed faster and easier.

Also do this when you need to completely stop the bike and then start pedaling again. For example, you stopped at a traffic light, and then you need to quickly go further.

When you know you will stop shortly, it is also a good idea to downshift to make it easier to get started next time. Especially if you need to leave some difficult place.

As your speed increases, don’t be afraid to upshift. After all, when you go fast, you will realize that pedaling becomes too easy. And this means that you need to increase the gear. this will help you move more efficiently and faster. In fact, the process will look like this: You change gear and notice that pedaling has become more difficult, but your speed is getting higher.

If for your trips you have chosen a flat terrain (for example, city streets with small hills), then use the so-called medium gears. That is, do not let yourself go too easy or difficult. let there be balance. This is very convenient because it allows you to develop the necessary speed and cope well with bumpy roads. For example, you have an eighteen-speed bike. Use the second in front and third in the back for a comfortable and optimal ride.

Remember to downshift when approaching high hills. This is important because without such a transition, you can simply get stuck. After all, it is almost impossible to ride a bicycle up a hill in very high gear if you are not a professional. Therefore, reduce gears to the point where you find it easy to climb a hill.

Note: At first you may find climbing a hill very strange and slow. And besides, it is not very convenient. But if you learn to keep your balance, everything will be fine. You will get used to it and will be able to climb hills of different heights without much effort.

Likewise, shift into high gears if you are going to descend on a flat road. If you want to develop a tremendous speed downhill, then engage a high gear. But remember that with such a high-speed movement, you need to be very careful, since if you move incorrectly, you can damage yourself.

When changing from one gear to another, do it carefully so as not to damage your joints. Sure, getting the best out of your bike is fun and challenging, but always be on the safe side. You don’t need to pedal too hard if you don’t want your joints to undergo a lot of stress. Otherwise, over time, you will get painful sensations, and even the most real problems with joints.

And in no case choose gears in which the chain can become crossed. What does this mean? And the fact that when changing gears, you can see that the chain is sometimes located in a diagonal position. This is not a problem if you change gears correctly. But if you admit cases when the chain runs either along the largest or the smallest stars in front and behind, then you can rest assured that it will wear out in the shortest possible time.

How to find out the number of gears

First you need to figure out what gears your bike has. With the help of our advice, you can easily do this:

  • Count the number of gears at the base of the pedals. To get the hang of changing gears on your iron horse, you need it to be equipped with sprockets. It is very easy to check their availability. It is enough to look at the pedals, in the center of which there will be one or more rings with teeth on the outside, which enter the chain. These are called chainrings. And it is them that need to be counted.

Most bicycles have 1 to 3 chainrings.

  • See how many sprockets there are on the rear wheel. After you have examined the pedals, you need to look at the rear wheel. You will see a chain running from the front sprockets, one row of different rings located in the center of the wheel. These rings will be the rear sprockets.

Count their number. And if your bike has gears, there will be more rear sprockets than front sprockets. Some bicycles have up to 10 pieces.

  • Finally, to figure out how many gears your bike has, you need to multiply the resulting 2 values. That is, multiply the number of front sprockets by the number of rear sprockets. The final figure is the number of gears on your iron horse.

For example: You have 3 stars in the front and 6 in the back. It turns out that the bike has 18 gears (3×18). In another way, they can be called speeds, because we are talking about the fact that the bike is high-speed.

Another point: if your bike has only one sprocket on both sides, then it only has 1 gear (1×1). That is, it has a so-called fixed gear. And if your bike is like that, then you will not be able to switch gears on it, because it is one-speed.

How to use gears correctly

It takes a little practice to master gear shifting. We advise you to heed our recommendations and do everything as follows:

  • Remember what the right and left switches are responsible for. If you want to shift into reverse gear, then use the right switch. And vice versa. This is very convenient and will help you to quickly bring the switching process to automaticity. Also know how these mechanisms work. The derailleur moves the chain from side to side to catch the new gear. This applies to forward gear. As for the rear, it has its own switch, which, thanks to the handle, also moves from side to side.
  • If you want to pedal easier, then downshift. Yes, you can change gears on your bike to make it ride easier or harder on a wide variety of terrains. And if, for example, you need to drive and make a minimum of effort, then a low gear will help to do this. You will start pedaling quickly and easily, but the bike will go slower.

There are 2 methods of downshifting:

  • switch to a smaller sprocket in front;
  • switch to big star in the back.
  • If you want to drive better, but also harder, change to a higher speed. This can be done in a similar way to the situation described above, only the other way around. You shift into a high gear, which means that you will go faster, pedal less often, but it will be harder for you to do it.

7 Ways To Improve Your Average Speed On A Road Bike

There are 2 methods of shifting up a gear here too:

  • switch to large star in front;
  • switch to smaller star at the back.
  • Learn to shift gears on the road. That is, practice. She will help you thoroughly understand this issue. You just start changing gears and learn how to do everything correctly in one trip! At the same time, study on a flat road, where it will be safe for you. It is advisable to choose a park or something similar.

Remember that you will hear clicking sounds as you shift gears. And this does not mean that some detail has broken. This will indicate that you are doing everything right. Distinctive sounds inform you that the gear has been changed. And do not forget that you only need to change gears while driving. Because the chain can only catch new stars when it is taut. And she stays in this position only during pedaling.

Additional Tips

When you encounter strong winds en route, select a lower gear. Yes, you will move a little slower, however, it will be easier for you to overcome the wind for a long time.

The difference in size between the front and rear sprocket determines how hard you need to pedal to drive. For example, if both the sprocket and the sprocket have the same dimensions, then with each pedal rotation the rear sprocket will rotate 1 time. On the other hand, if you prefer a large chainring at the front and a small chainring at the rear, then the rear wheel can rotate several times at any pressure on the pedal. This will give you the opportunity to gain excellent speed, but it will require more effort.

If you see an elevation, always change gear in advance. No need to press gears in a hurry just before lifting. this increases the risk of injury.

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When going uphill, do not use the lowest gear.

And most importantly, don’t be afraid to master the bike with all its mechanisms. Once you learn to understand the gears, driving it will become much more enjoyable and convenient.

How Many Speeds Do I Need On My Bike?

How to properly shift gears on a bike?

Along with brakes, gear shifting is one of the main mechanical functions of your bike. Choosing the right gear in a given section will not only improve your speed, but also make the ride more comfortable and conserve your energy on long journeys. These rules are largely irrelevant for planetary gearshift systems that can be shifted on the spot.

There are a few simple rules we recommend for beginner cyclists: 1) Shift gears only while driving, while pedaling and driving the transmission. 2) The chain must not be too tight when shifting gears. In this case, transmission breakdowns up to the chain breakage are possible. 3) It is not recommended to switch to several gears at once. Depends on the level of the switch itself and the general condition of the transmission, but in any case, beginners are advised to switch the gear in sequence. 4) Try not to skew the chain if your bike has a front derailleur. on this later in the article.

Below is a diagram to guide you when shifting gears if your bike has a front derailleur.

For the convenience of the cyclist, some rear derailleurs are marked with the correspondence of the position of the rear derailleur to the position of the chainring to avoid chain distortion.

Chain misalignment can adversely affect gear shifting and can lead to rapid wear on the bike’s drivetrain. In fact, if the bike has 3 stars in front and 9 in the back, although it says that the bike has a total of 27 speeds, it is not recommended to use all speeds in a row. What’s more, in today’s bicycle industry, bigger doesn’t always mean better or faster.

The current trend for bicycle equipment manufacturers is to aim for a similar gear range with fewer sprockets. So, for example, a modern transmission with one chainring at the front and 12 at the rear completely covers the range with 3 stars at the front and 9 at the rear, not to mention the outdated groups with 6-8 stars on the rear wheel. As a rule, with fewer stars, the transmission is more convenient to operate, maintain, adjust and has less weight.

Remember one rule: there is NO perfect gear, switch! Too often we see people putting too much energy into their pedals when they climb a steep incline on a small star in the back, as if trying to break cranks, or how quickly the legs of cyclists who ride downhill in a gear that are too light get out. Your goal while riding should be to maintain rhythm (the speed at which your pedals go through a full revolution) as much as possible. The cadence is called cadence. You need to monitor it and maintain it in the range of 80-100 rpm. This is necessary not only in order to maintain the drivetrain, but also for the health of your own knees. We recommend switching frequently to improve efficiency while riding.

Adjusting the transfer quality

It is a key operation in the process of how to adjust the rear speed range of both road and mountain bikes. The process technology is simple: the smallest sprockets are installed in the front and rear; by rotating the adjusting drum, they ensure that the transfer is triggered clearly and instantly:

  • in case of insufficient tension of the cable, the switch poorly (slowly) switches to lower gears (large sprockets). it is necessary to turn the drum counterclockwise;
  • with excessive tension. the derailer stays in the same position (it does not go well into the upper gears. small asterisks), emitting a clatter (metal clanks) during operation (the drum must be turned clockwise).

Adjusting the transfer quality

The answer to the question of how to adjust the smoothness of gear shifting on a bicycle is quite simple. By rotating the adjusting drum, a dead zone is found, in which the movement of the dereiler, both from upper to lower gears, and vice versa, will occur instantly and without delays. By twisting the drum, the switch will move more efficiently from small to large stars. When spinning the drum, the exact opposite dynamics is observed.

For your information. After adjusting the transmission, you should check the quality of functioning of the components under load. Most likely, you will need to adjust the cable tension using an adjusting drum!

Types of speed switches

There are two main types of speed derailleurs. external and internal shifting.

Operation of the transmission: how to correctly switch speeds on a bicycle in various conditions

Maintaining cruising cadence when driving on flat, flat areas or pedaling confidently and effortlessly on rough terrain. the transmission unit of a modern bicycle is able to maintain the gear ratio most suitable for an athlete.

Experts give the following recommendations on how to properly switch speeds on a bicycle:

  • change gear only while driving;
  • switch to the required sprocket only under conditions when the minimum load acts on the chain (it is advisable to reproduce this process at a high cadence);
  • do not change gear when overcoming ups / downs (suitable stars must be selected in advance);
  • in muddy, sandy and slippery areas, move in higher gears (deliberately increase torque to avoid loss of traction).

For your information. When driving on asphalt areas, due to the physiology of the knee joints, the cadence should be kept at 80-110 rpm. In some cases, it is allowed to reduce the cadence to 60 rpm.

With the correct implementation of the sequence of actions in the process of how to adjust the gear shifting on a bicycle, the following requirement should be attributed to the main limitations of the gear selection process. to exclude the skew of the chain, which significantly reduces its service life. You can avoid the latter, using the example of a 24-speed system, as follows:

  • a small sprocket (1) is installed at the front, at the rear: 1. 4;
  • front. middle (2), back: 4. 6 (7);
  • front. large (3), back: 6. 8.

Which gear to choose

There is such a thing as “cadence”. the cadence of a bicycle. It is measured in revolutions per minute. Due to the physiology of the human knee joint, the normal cadence is 80-110 rpm. With a slower rotation, the fluid in the knee joint is more viscous and it is harder for the joint to perform its functions, and with a faster rotation, the joint becomes unnecessarily stressed. It should also be remembered that stress is harmful for the knee joint, and the more the joint is tense, the more friction it has.

Based on the foregoing, it follows that the choice of gear is to keep the cadence at the level of 80-110 rpm, while with constant pedal effort and the less effort the better. It is clear that the tension of the legs will be great uphill, but on a flat road you can pick up gears in which you will not need to strain at all, and the pedals will turn under the weight of the legs.

You should not start from high gears right away. You should start moving at light speeds, warm up the muscles, spin the pedals to a normal cadence and then start switching speeds up.

How to properly shift gears on a bike?

Shifting gears on a bicycle is easy. It is enough to adhere to a few simple rules and then your riding style will be more efficient and comfortable. And your shifters will last longer, saving you money 🙂

Gear shifting during ascent

If you understand that you are changing gears as needed. it means that you have already missed the optimal moment to switch. This means that you will not keep the required rhythm and inertia of movement. Be more careful next time. Never shift gears with heavy pedaling, which will lead to rapid component wear.

The most common mistake is rarely using the front derailleur. Shift the rear to a comfortable sprocket and operate the front derailleur. You will feel how much faster you find the right gear, because the effect of one shift on the front sprocket can be compared to the effect of shifting to two sprockets of the rear cassette, and much less time is spent!

It becomes possible to quickly gain the desired speed with a single switch. Then, when you get into the rhythm of the movement, you have the chance to use the rear derailleur to fine-tune the gear.

Remember: first select the correct forward gear, and only then use the rear derailleur to adjust the gear!

Tips for caring for your gearshift system

Many bikers agree that the bike is alive. But don’t let him show character. This is especially true of the gearshift system: if the speeds are changed without your participation or do not change at all when you want it. this does not always mean that the components are worn out or broken, most likely the problem is dirt or grass that has fallen into the transfer, in the chain or sprockets. Be sure to clean and lubricate the chain, sprockets and derailleur. this kind of care contributes to smoother and more accurate shifting, and therefore a comfortable ride.

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It is very important to feel the bike well, then you will hear any extraneous sound. For example, an extraneous “metallic sound” can occur due to the chain being stretched. This quickly leads to component wear. Change the chain at least!. once a season.

Do not allow the chain to be strongly skewed (guideline according to indicators 3×1; 1×7, 8, 9), strive to ensure that the chain runs as straight as possible.

Shifting speeds during descent

You need to select the desired gear while approaching the descent. on the very descent you will not have time for this. You will need to keep an eye on maneuvering and controlling the bike, not shifting gears.

As you move, evaluate the terrain in terms of choosing the most optimal gear. Change gears on the bike just like on a car: there is an optimal gear for each speed.

  • When you’re rolling through mud and roots, upshifting will help you pedal less often and stay in the saddle. It also reduces the likelihood of getting stuck.
  • Try to maintain an even pace of pedaling.
  • Before driving up a steep hill, when you need to switch from medium to small, accelerate before shifting so that the pedals are spinning almost idle, and only then change the gear. In this case, the transition from one speed to another will be smoother.
  • In winter or in unfavorable conditions, it is advisable that the entire cable be covered with a jacket. the speeds will switch noticeably slower, but uninterrupted.
  • Calculate gear changes in advance. Already during the descent, you need to evaluate the steepness of the next climb and decide which gear you need to switch to.
  • The main thing. choose the right time to change gears. During DH races, it is better to shift before exiting the counter-slope. this will help you quickly pick up speed after it, rather than search for a feverishly needed gear.
  • Be careful when shifting while pedaling: 9-speed cassette chains are thin enough to break under heavy load.
  • On XC, it is advisable to calculate gear changes when approaching an uphill, this will help you maintain the desired pace.
  • If, while climbing, you realize that you have chosen the wrong speed, wait for at least a small area of ​​level ground to switch to the desired speed, otherwise you may damage the chain or sprockets.
  • During bikercross races, the chain wears out very quickly due to the need to accelerate sharply. Sometimes in such modes, the chain is changed up to 4 times a season. Biker cross races are very fast, there is no time to think about the safety of the chain.
  • If you are concerned about chain wear, avoid shifting under load while racing. You will switch anyway, but the chain will not wear as much as, for example, during a switch at the starting jerk.
  • Calculate gear changes in advance when driving on a slope and watch the pedaling force when shifting.

How to properly shift gears on a bike?

Gear shifting is one of the main mechanical functions of your bike. Choosing the right gear for a particular section of the road will not only increase your efficiency, but also make the trip more comfortable and save energy on long routes.

The recommendations below are not relevant for planetary gearshift systems that can also be shifted on the spot.

There are a few simple rules that we recommend you follow:

1) Shift gears only while driving, while you pedal and drive the transmission.

2) When changing gear, the chain must not be too tight. In this case, transmission breakdowns are possible until the chain breaks.

3) We do not recommend jumping over several gears at once. It all depends on the level of the switch itself and the general state of the transmission, but in any case, we advise beginners to shift gears consistently.

4) Try not to skew the chain if your bike has a front derailleur.

Below is a diagram to guide you when shifting gears if your bike has a front derailleur.

For the convenience of the cyclist, some rear derailleurs are marked with the correspondence of the position of the rear derailleur to the position of the chainring to avoid chain distortion.

Chain misalignment can adversely affect gear shifting and can lead to rapid wear on the bike’s drivetrain. In fact, if the bike has 3 stars in the front and 9 in the back, this means that you can choose any of the 27 speeds. But it is not recommended to use all speeds in a row. Remember the phrase by the artist Charles Monroe Schultz: “Life is like a bicycle with ten gears. We all have programs that we don’t use. ” What’s more, in today’s bicycle industry, bigger doesn’t always mean better or faster.

There is a tendency among modern bicycle equipment manufacturers to provide a bike with a large gear range with a small number of sprockets. So, for example, a modern transmission with one chainring at the front and 12 at the rear completely covers the range with 3 stars at the front and 9 at the rear, not to mention the outdated groups with 6-8 stars on the rear wheel. As a rule, with fewer sprockets, the transmission is more convenient to operate, maintain and adjust, and also has less weight.

Remember one rule: there is NO perfect gear, switch! We often see people spend too much energy climbing a steep incline on a small rear sprocket, as if trying to break the cranks. Or the rapid flashing of the feet of cyclists riding downhill in too light gear. Your goal while riding should be to maintain rhythm (the speed at which your pedals go through a full revolution) as much as possible. The cadence is called cadence. You need to monitor it and maintain it in a certain range. For professionals, it starts at 80 rpm. This is necessary not only in order to maintain the drivetrain, but also for the health of your own knees. We recommend switching frequently to improve efficiency while riding.

Why bike speeds are needed

In cars, gear shifting is necessary to reduce engine load and save fuel when driving conditions change.

Gear shifting in a bicycle transmission serves the same purpose: to reduce pedaling effort and reduce cyclist fatigue. If you ride slowly several times a week along a standard route, then the load on your muscles is more or less uniform and there is no particular need to change gears. However, if you are driving on tough, rough terrain at high speed or enjoying long rides, it is extremely important to keep an eye on choosing the right gear. To determine the desired transmission, you need to know about such a concept as cadence.

Cadence is the number of revolutions of the pedals performed by the cyclist in one minute. For example, they say: “cadence 90”. This implies driving at a pace of 90 pedals per minute. There are also such concepts as high, low and optimal cadence:

Low cadence. you do a low RPM but still pedal effort. It is unsafe to ride at this pace for a long time due to the enormous stress on the heart and joints.!

High cadence. you pedal very quickly. The load on the legs is small, but there is little sense from such a ride. it is not very pleasant to move at a snail’s speed.

The optimal cadence is the pedaling tempo that is convenient for you personally, allows you to drive far and for a long time without getting tired. You ride for pleasure, but at the same time your muscles and joints are not overloaded and train endurance. For an amateur, the optimal cadence is 60-70 at the beginning of the season, and after a couple of months of continuous riding, you can pedal with a cadence of about 90-100. Athletes who do regular training are able to maintain an optimal cadence greater than 100.

Changing gears makes it easier for you to maintain a constant cadence all the way, whether you are driving uphill, with a headwind, or racing on smooth asphalt. The cyclist must constantly monitor the maintenance of the cadence. To do this, it is convenient to use a cycling computer with the ability to calculate cadence.

How to properly shift gears on a bike

The bicycle appeared as a fast means of transportation, but was designed for hardy riders and was far from comfortable. On the first “balance bikes” the rider sat on the frame and kicked off the road with his feet, even such familiar things as pedals and a saddle did not appear immediately. Modern models, among other amenities, have a transmission that allows, if necessary, to change the effort on the pedals. Next, we will look at the design and explain the switching principle of the most common type of transmission. chain transmission. It is popular due to the relative simplicity of the device and ease of maintenance.

Most beginners, when choosing their first bike, focus on the number of speeds, believing that the more gears, the faster the bike goes. But the speed of the bike is more dependent on the pedal effort than the number of gears. A regular road bike with a single gear is just as fast as a high-speed road bike. So why do you need a lot of gears on a bike? We are going to answer this question and also find out important related points.

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How to find out how many speeds a bike has

Nowadays, almost every bicycle is equipped with a gear shifting system. Usually there are 6 to 33 gears. For road or mountain bikes, 18-27 gears are a reasonable norm. Often even city or road bikes also have gear shifters, for this type of bike 6-7 speeds are enough.

To determine the number of gears, you need to multiply the number of front and rear sprockets. For example, on the cranks of a bicycle there are 3 stars and on the cassette of the rear wheel you see 7 stars, such a bicycle has 21 gears. gears, up to 33, are needed in rare cases and require more careful handling and also significantly complicates and increases the cost of bike transmission.

Having considered the concept of optimal cadence, let’s move on to studying gear shifting techniques.

How to properly switch gears on a bike

We have already understood why it is important to maintain a constant cadence. But moving, for example, on the ground is much harder than on asphalt and so that the cadence on the ground does not decrease, the gear should be lowered on the ground. You need to know that shifting to one gear on the driving sprocket changes the effort on the pedals 2-3 times faster than if you shifted to one gear on the driven stars. Changing the chainrings drastically changes the load on the drivetrain and your muscles, so they are changed much less frequently than the rear sprockets.

The guide sprockets set the basic pedaling pace and must be shifted when driving conditions change rapidly. The small guide sprocket is designed for uphill driving and engages well before starting the climb. The largest sprocket is designed for high speed performance on quality surfaces or for descents. Usually there is a third star in the front in the middle, for standard driving conditions. Rear sprockets are needed to fine tune pedaling effort.

If you see a patch of sticky ground or a rise in front of you, you need to move to the smaller guide star in advance. You can do this just before the climb, and if the climb is small, you can lower the gear in advance and, by increasing the cadence, accelerate to pass the climb by inertia.

On descent, you can switch to a large guide sprocket for better acceleration.

Gear shifters are quite delicate mechanisms; if used incorrectly, they wear out quickly. You need to know some simple rules to keep your bike’s drivetrain working properly:

A strong diagonal skew of the chain is harmful and contributes to the rapid wear of the chain, and also requires expensive repairs with the replacement of sprockets. How to correctly combine combinations of asterisks is shown in the figure below. The larger the chainring, the smaller the chainring at the rear should be used with it. The two smallest chainrings should be used with the largest chainring. The two largest sprockets are designed to be paired with a small sprocket in front.

While shifting gears, you continue to pedal, but you should not apply too much pressure on the pedals. If you are shifting the front drive sprocket, then generally reduce pedal effort to avoid jerking. Do not click gears. this will damage the switches. A simple rule of thumb: you can shift up to one gear in one turn of the pedals. Some equipment allows you to change several gears at once, but for a beginner, it is difficult to switch correctly in this way.

The professional shifts gears silently. Hear one light click when switching. great, you did everything right. If the gear changes with multiple crunching, sharp crackling, then one of two things: you are shifting incorrectly, or you have a worn out misaligned transmission.

The more gears your bike has, the more carefully you should monitor the cleanliness and condition of the sprockets and chain. The limitation on physical dimensions forces designers on bicycles with a large number of gears to use thinner sprockets, chains and some other parts. All gaps in multistage transmissions are smaller, and parts are more compact, therefore, the sensitivity of such a design to contamination is higher, and wear is faster.

In the end, I would like to say that if you are going to buy a speed bike, then you just need to learn how to use the gear derailleurs correctly. Indeed, when skating, you apply physical effort, and the correct technique not only gives you pleasure from the process, but also safely strengthens your body, increases your endurance. Gain experience and gear shifting will take place on a subconscious level, and you will stop wasting energy.

This article provides basic knowledge of manual transmissions. Material generally not applicable to planetary hub systems and other automatic bicycle transmissions.

Choosing the right combination

In order for the chain, like other parts of the transmission to serve as long as possible, it is highly desirable that the chain does not warp. Skew occurs when you select a large chainring and a large rear chainring. The front derailleur frames and the chain should be as parallel as possible. this is one of the main rules for shifting speeds on a bicycle. When driving on a flat road, choose a combination of a large chainring and a fourth to eighth rear chainring. If you need more load, or the terrain has become slightly rough, your choice is the middle front gear and the third through sixth rear gears. Climbing uphill will be as comfortable as possible with the small chainring and with the first to third rear sprockets. When riding up, it is better to switch only between the rear sprockets.

In fact, how to choose the right gear on a bike depends on many more factors, from weather conditions to tire pressure and, of course, the level of cyclist fatigue. But this experience only comes with time. It is better to start rolling with low gears to warm up the muscles. Large gears and low driving speeds are bad for joints. Too high a cadence will quickly cause fatigue. If the switches stop working or the circuit jumps over the stars, this means that the system needs to be configured by a specialist.

Basic rules for shifting gears on a bicycle

Most modern bikes. apart from road singlespeeds designed for park riding, of course. have multiple speeds. Novice riders, and even some experienced cyclists, are very frivolous about throwing a chain between the gears, believing that this is not a special science. In fact, shifting gears incorrectly not only affects ride efficiency, but more importantly, accelerates chain wear. How to properly shift gears on a bicycle so that the ride is comfortable and the life of the bike is long and without breakdowns?

It is especially important to switch gears correctly on rough terrain. Only in this case will you be able to use the resources of the bike at full capacity, while spending a minimum of effort.

The main rules for switching speeds on a bicycle:

  • To avoid breaking the chain and damaging the switches, only change the speed while driving.
  • Switch sequentially, do not “jump” over several speeds at once. First, wait for the clear work of the previous transmission.
  • If you have to go uphill, switch a little ahead of time, not during the climb itself. Changing the speed right in the middle of the hill will lead to a loss of pedaling rhythm, and the chain is under serious stress at this time.
  • The same rule for changing the speed on a bicycle applies before descending. When driving downhill at high speed, it is better to follow the road and control the brakes.
  • Any change in the ground. dirt, sand, difficult ground, grass. loads the chain, you cannot switch speeds at this time.
  • When planning to change speeds, make sure there is a reserve of speed and do not pedal too hard when shifting.

And the last rule of competent gear shifting on a bicycle is that the chain throwing should be smooth, and the process itself should occur without unnecessary sounds. If you hear grinding, knocking, metal scratching, then it’s time to examine the entire system and make sure that the chain is not stretched and does not need to be replaced. The clarity of gear shifting will depend on the serviceability of the mechanisms, the absence of contamination, and the correct setting of all mechanisms. And if everything is in order with this, then over time, you will learn to choose the optimal speed almost intuitively, switch smoothly and as quickly as possible.