Drawing up a protocol of an accident by traffic police officers.
It is worth paying special attention when drawing up documents for:
- It is indicated that the accident happened due to a hole in the road,
- The dimensions of the pit are indicated,
- The protocol should indicate the absence of fences and warning signs, if they were not.,
- Describe the damage to the machine in as much detail as possible and indicate even possible (hidden) defects.
- See that clause 10.1 of the traffic rules does not apply to you:
“The driver must drive the vehicle at a speed not exceeding the established limit, taking into account the traffic intensity, characteristics and condition of the vehicle and cargo, road and meteorological conditions, in particular visibility in the direction of travel.”
If still applied, appeal within 10 days!
It is important to measure the hole in accordance with GOST R 50597 93
Not all holes on the road are compensated for car repairs!
“Limiting sizes of individual subsidences, potholes, etc. should not exceed “:
- length 15 cm,
- width. 60 cm,
- depth. 5 cm.
This is why this data is so important. (Clause 3.1.2 R 50597-93 “Highways and streets. Requirements for the operational state, permissible under the conditions for ensuring road safety”).
Documents for filing a claim for an accident. hole in the road.
- The statement of claim itself,
- Expert opinion on damage,
- All expense receipts associated with the case,
- A copy of the vehicle passport,
- A copy of the plaintiff’s passport.
He destroyed his mountain bike! video evidence
Does OSAGO work in case of an accident due to a pothole on the road?
NO, OSAGO compensates only for your liability to other road users. If in an accident you are found guilty, then according to the policy, compensation will be paid to those injured in the accident. Repair your car at your own expense.
Who to recover from if you hit a wheel in a pit?
You got into a hole in the road and damaged your car. To make a claim, you need to establish the owner of the road (most often this is the administration of a city or settlement)!
In the case of an open hatch, you need to look for someone responsible for this well (water utility, management company).
To find the person responsible for the road, ask the traffic police inspectors or contact the traffic supervision. The traffic police sends information about the incident to the traffic police, and there is drawn up an act on the inadequate condition of the road, indicating the responsible organization.
He got into a hole in the road and damaged the car. step by step action plan.
How OSAGO works in case of an accident due to the fault of road workers?
What to do when the wheel is punctured. For novice drivers, a punctured wheel can be a real challenge.
For experienced motorists, a puncture of a wheel is a trifle that will not be scared. But for novice drivers, a punctured wheel can be a real challenge. We will tell you how to behave now, together and with the procedure.
As soon as you find that the wheel is lowering, you should stop the car in a safe area, be sure to turn on the alarm and put up an emergency stop sign. When choosing a place to stop, it is worth calculating the space to the side of the car, which is necessary for work. It is undesirable to stop in the middle of the road. Whatever condition your wheel is in, you can drive ten to twenty metro to the safe zone. If trouble caught you in the dark, a reflective vest will not be superfluous.
Once you’ve prepared, the most logical thing to do with a punctured wheel is to replace it. If you have a reliable wheel, then you should immediately put it on and go to the nearest tire service to repair the broken wheel. If you don’t have a spare wheel with you, but if you have a compressor or pump, you can try to inflate the wheel to get to the nearest tire shop. To do this, it is worth finding a place where the air comes out. You can start with a valve (a common cause of a wheel deflating is a faulty valve). It is checked simply: the protective cap is unscrewed and poured with water. If air bubbles appear, then there is a leak here.
You can try to fix the problem by unscrewing the spool and screwing in a new one, or try screwing it back in. The latter will not fix the problem, but will help you drive to the nearest service car station. If the valve is tight, but the wheel is deflated, then you have a puncture. You can also search for a puncture site with water. pour water on the tires and look for air bubbles. True, often in search of a puncture site, you can find the reason. a protruding nail, a self-tapping screw or something else. In this case, do not take the item out of the tire, as it partially seals the hole.
If, nevertheless, there is a puncture in the car, but there is no foreign object, and also there is no spare wheel, then there is one “folk” method that can temporarily help you. You can screw a self-tapping screw into the detected hole (puncture). Of course, this method is not reliable, because it does not provide the wheel with complete tightness, but it will definitely help you get to the repair center.
We repair ourselves on site
Let’s consider a method of repairing on our own using the example of using special materials that should be carried in a car by every motorist. The first method is aerosol liquid sealants. To repair the car, it is worth removing a foreign object from the puncture site, pour the sealant inside the wheel through the valve, turn it to distribute the liquid inside the entire tire, and then pump up the wheel and make a short 2-3-kilometer trip so that the sealant is evenly distributed.
The second is a tourniquet made of raw rubber. The required harnesses are usually sold complete with an abrasive awl (needed to widen the hole in the tire), a needle (needed to install the harness) and adhesive (to fix and seal the flow). The harness is installed as follows: the detected hole is expanded with an awl, after the harness is inserted into the eye of the needle and glue is applied to it. Then we insert the needle with a tourniquet into the hole in the tire and pull it out sharply. The tourniquet should remain in the hole and the needle should come out. If done correctly, it should work. After these operations, you just have to cut the end of the harness flush with the tire surface and inflate the wheel.
Repair kit. fast and inexpensive solution
Most likely, you have tubeless tires on your wheels. If this is the case, then you should take care of purchasing a repair kit in advance, which will easily help with a punctured tire. At the moment, there is a large selection of repair kits for tubeless tires on sale. The minimum set includes:
- special glue;
- rubber bands;
- puncture cleaning tool;
- a tool for inserting harnesses into the puncture itself;
- liquid sealant;
- spare wheel.
The presence of such a kit in your trunk will undoubtedly help save time and effort for wheel repair, and this is a very significant thing, especially on a long trip along an unfamiliar highway, when you can wait for help for several hours, and passing cars are in no hurry to stop. The cost of repairing the 1st puncture with a repair kit will not exceed 20 rubles for you. You will spend a little time to perform this fairly easy procedure. just a few minutes.
Where to go if a punctured wheel?
Usually, if a car gets into a hole and gets a tire breakdown, the driver repairs the damage himself, not even knowing that the organization responsible for the road condition can pay for it. You can get compensation for damage.
According to GOST, a pit is considered emergency if it meets at least one of the conditions:
- the length of the pit exceeds 15 cm;
- width. not less than 60 cm;
- depth. more than 15 cm.
The basis for the claim for payment is the absence of barriers or hazard warning signs.
Here’s what to do if you hit a wheel in a hole! First you need to turn on the hazard warning lights and put up an emergency sign. You can wear a reflective vest if available. Then call the traffic police to fix the accident. They will draw up a road survey report and give the driver a document confirming the fact of the accident. It contains complete information about defects on a section of the roadway.
Nowadays, almost everyone uses video recorders. It is better if the record of hitting the pothole is saved. It is helpful to photograph any damage that the vehicle has sustained as a result of hitting a pothole. These materials will come in handy if a lawsuit ensues. It is easy to prove that the damage (for example, discs and suspension) is caused precisely by the poor quality of the roadway.
Make a copy of the document issued by the traffic police in order to show it to the road services if necessary. The details and address of the organization that is responsible for the state of the track on the site are in the traffic police. At your request, they will be provided.
It is also possible to appeal to the prosecutor’s office. To do this, you must draw up a statement. In a statement, the driver demands to hold the road organization accountable for the poor quality of the road. The organization, which is the indirect culprit of the accident, is fined 300,000 rubles.
The car owner must then turn to independent experts to conduct a damage assessment. It is important to notify the road organization of the date of the assessment procedures. If she ignores this action and her representatives do not appear for examination, it will not matter for the car owner. The main thing is to get an expert opinion.
At the last stage, collect the necessary documents and send a letter to the travel company with an offer to compensate for damage on a voluntary basis. If, after a month, the road workers still do not admit their guilt or simply ignore the driver’s requests, this will be a reason to go to court. From the defendant organization, you can recover the payment of material and non-pecuniary damage. You can also demand compensation for damage caused by the downtime of the car (if the driver used the car to earn money).
Who to sue if you hit a wheel on the road
Initially, it is necessary to establish an organization that serves the section of the road that caused the accident. This information is possessed by representatives of the traffic police, who carry out the registration of the accident.
The traffic police representative writes out the protocol of the road organization, referring to Article 12.34 of the Administrative Offenses Code, and the judge applies a fine specified by law.
Article 12.34 of the Administrative Code provides for sanctions for non-compliance with the requirements established for road safety during construction, repair and maintenance of the roadway, as well as crossings on railways or other structures.
Also, sanctions are imposed for failure to take measures to timely eliminate obstacles in traffic on the roads, for failure to temporarily restrict or stop traffic on certain road sections when their use threatens road safety.
These actions imply the application of administrative fines to officials responsible for the condition of the roadbed, crossings or other structures on the roads, in the amount of 20 thousand to 30 thousand rubles; and to legal entities. in the amount of two hundred thousand to three hundred thousand rubles.
However, the driver should find out the details of the institution responsible for the condition of the roadway, and not the very fact of the application of penalties.
How to get compensation for damage?
First, identify the company responsible for the condition of the track section. This information is given in the traffic police. The police officer will write out a report of the incident, on the basis of which the judge will appoint the amount of the fine. You can contact the defendant company directly with a proposal to voluntarily pay the fine. If the proper reaction does not follow, appeal to the court will be the only possible way to resolve the conflict.
The date of the trial is appointed by the clerk. He will also receive written notifications to both parties to the conflict about the date. In court, you can defend your own interests personally or with the help of a lawyer. If the issue is resolved in favor of the injured party, all court costs will be paid by the defendant.
What to do if a wheel is punctured?
You find that you have flattened the wheel. What would be the most logical action to take in this situation? Get out the jack, balloon, spare wheel (stowaway), after taking out all the things from the trunk, put on gloves and put on the spare wheel. Then put the punctured dirty wheel in the car and go to the nearest tire service. Right?
Our recommendation is to try inflating the wheel first. Almost all modern tires are tubeless, and in case of hitting small sharp objects. nails, screws, etc descend rather slowly (now we are not talking about serious punctures or cuts). Most likely, you will have some time in stock to get to the tire service. Therefore, when you see that the wheel has flattened, first try to pump it up and, controlling the condition of the wheel, move towards the tire fitting.
Thus, you will avoid the dirty work of removing the wheel, the spare tire will remain clean, and you will not need to put a soiled punctured wheel in the trunk. In addition, not every driver will be able to properly install the jack and remove the wheel. To put a spare tire, you need to have a certain qualification, and often physical strength. Yes, and the car must have a jack, a balloon, plus an inflated (preferably) spare wheel.
And one more thing: if, when examining a flat tire, you find a nail, screw or other object in it, do not rush to take it out. If this is done, then it will be almost impossible to pump up such a wheel. the air will quickly go out into the hole that has formed.
And of course, we recommend having an electric compressor in the car, or a simple mechanical foot pump. whoever likes what.
Many car enthusiasts carry a special sealant in their car for repairing wheels. It not only seals the puncture site, but also creates a certain pressure in the tire. There are liquid sealants, there are aerosol ones. Each type has its own characteristics of use, described in the instructions. Sealants are suitable for both tube and tubeless tire repairs. They will help if two wheels are punctured (and one spare wheel will be useless here) or in the case when, even after pumping, the air comes out too quickly. Will not help if damage has occurred on the sidewall of the tire. It must be borne in mind that when using some sealants, the wheel balancing changes. therefore, then it will definitely have to be disassembled and all the filled composition removed from there.
If, approaching the car, you see severe damage, for example, from a knife, you will have to put a spare wheel or a stowaway wheel (a temporary wheel used in such cases) in the same place with the help of a jack and then go to the tire service. This cannot be eliminated on our own. In general, it is believed that after a lateral cut the tire should be thrown away. there is a risk that it may burst even after repair. Although many tire fitters disagree with this. Therefore, here everyone decides for himself.
I Broke a Spoke. Now What? | Shop Talk Live from Sea Otter
You can stock up on self-tapping screws. if the wheel is damaged on the road, and there is no sharp object in it, you can simply screw a self-tapping screw into the punctured place with a screwdriver. This will help prolong the life of the wheel and allow you to drive to the tire changer. Remember that this only works when the hole in the tire is not too big. What’s wrong with this method? It is not always possible to screw a self-tapping screw into the same hole at the same angle. As a result, there may be two holes in the tire, which will complicate subsequent repairs in a car service.
This method will not work for owners of wheels with cameras. Here you will either have to disassemble the wheel and replace the camera completely, or patch it up. In the general case, vulcanizers are used for this. devices for installing pieces of raw rubber on holes. The patches are sintered to the wheel under the influence of high temperature. Such equipment is available in car services, but in the field this method is hardly applicable.
Those with arms growing out of the right place may be advised to purchase an on-the-go tire repair kit. It includes a tourniquet for filling the puncture and an awl, which resembles a file in texture. Sometimes a special sealant is also included here. to use it, you just need to unscrew the nipple, connect the can with the wheel and inject a small amount of the composition, after which the puncture will be filled with sealant. The main disadvantage is that you need to visually find the defect, which is sometimes difficult. In addition, in the field, it is often difficult to remove an object that has pierced the wheel and is firmly stuck in it.
Cases when holes appear at speed are very dangerous, as because of this the driver may not cope with control. In this case, the pressure in the wheel can drop sharply. On long journeys, try to inspect the wheels more often to avoid accidents on the road. If there are any minor damages, it is better to fix them immediately.
If, while driving, you feel that the tire is damaged, first try to firmly hold the steering wheel in the correct position. When the pressure drops in the tire, there is a great risk of losing control. the car begins to pull strongly to the side. The steering wheel can simply knock out of hand. It is important to stop as quickly as possible, as when driving on a flat tire, the tire will jam and most likely damage the disc. However, the speed must be reduced smoothly, without sudden braking. Most often, cars of motorists who ignore this rule enter.
If you managed to somehow patch the hole on your own, or simply pump up the wheel, or put on a spare tire, you must immediately go to the nearest tire service. It is better to drive slowly in such a situation. On the dock, in principle, it is forbidden to drive fast, the maximum speed must be written on the side of the tire. When driving on a damaged wheel, it will not be superfluous to periodically stop, measure the pressure in the tire and, if necessary, pump up the tire.
What about especially unlucky drivers who have 2, 3 or even all 4 wheels punctured (pierced) at once? In this case, the most correct way to repair a car is to dismantle damaged wheels using a jack (jacks). They will have to be taken to the tire service. You can, however, try to fix them in the field, but after that, carefully and, we repeat, slowly go straight to a car service or tire service.
How to choose a tricycle with a handle
When choosing a tricycle with a handle for your child, there are many different factors to consider. You will have to devote more than one day to this, you have to view and read the characteristics of several dozen models.
- Height. The bike is selected according to the child’s height. It is not advised to choose a model “for growth”. The child will not be able to reach the pedals or the steering wheel for a long time and he will not understand the very principle of controlling such transport. It is not convenient if the baby’s legs dangle without reaching the footrest.
- Reliability. All parts of the bike must be strong. Better if the axle and frame are metal.
Avoid buying a bike with large plastic body parts.
- Wheels. It is better to choose rubberized bicycle wheels, which are much softer and quieter on the go. There are models in which the wheels can be inflated with a conventional car pump. Try to avoid plastic wheels that wear out very quickly or can burst. An innovative technology has been developed to fill the wheels with soft propylene material to protect them from puncture and deflation.
- A pen. Special attention should be paid to studying the capabilities of the control stick. Check for a comfortable grip. It is better if you can hold on with both hands. Give preference to an adjustable handle with several positions. It should be strong, metal with separate plastic or rubberized pads.
Attention: The lifting capacity of the handle needs to be checked. In some cases, it is not enough even to raise the bike to ride on the curb.
- Awning. Some people think that the awning is an unnecessary detail. But here it is important to pay attention to its varieties. Choose adjustable visors. In more expensive models, the awning looks like on a stroller, and in the open position completely covers the child from the rain.
- Seat. It is very important to choose a comfortable, non-rigid seat. Pay attention to the material it is made of. The plastic seat must have anti-slip rubberized inserts. If the seat has a cover, check that it is securely fastened to avoid shifting while driving.
- Safety. It is imperative to study the safety measures provided in the bike. Almost all have seat belts. Check the reliability of the carabiners and the ability to adjust the size of the strap.
- Bumper. When considering a bumper or safety rim, take an interest in the possibility of opening it freely to seat your child. In some models, this bumper can be adjusted in height.
- Brakes and blocking. Bicycle brakes are a must. Better if they are installed on both rear wheels. The steering wheel lock will protect you from sudden turning of the wheel while driving. A very convenient pedal lock option. If the child is not yet able to rotate them, this will prevent a possible blow to the leg while moving. Locked pedals can serve as a footrest. Many bicycles have footrests, but not all of them can fold down when not in use.
Caution: Both pedals and footrests must be anti-slip.
- Game elements. For kids, all kinds of game elements will not be superfluous. Look for a bike with sound signals, light effects. This will keep the child from getting bored while walking. Moms should take care of the availability of roomy bags and baskets.
Children’s three-wheeled scooters: all about choosing the best toy for your child
What are Schwinn bikes? Read this article.
Does your child need a pedal car? http://klubmama.ru/sovety-roditelyam/detskie-veshhi/mashiny-na-pedalyax.html
Popular models of tricycles with a handle
Let us dwell separately on the main characteristics of the most popular models of tricycles with a handle.
How I got out
I did not start sawing the stem with a hacksaw, although it is possible that I will do it later. I had a carry-over from HVZ Sputnik lying around in the storeroom. I installed it on the bike along the way, putting the steering wheel of a ram. What feelings do I have from a ram on such a bike, read this article.
Summing up, I want to say that this procedure is not difficult, but not pleasant. Therefore, to reduce the possibility of the wedge getting stuck in the bike fork, you can do the following things:
- Follow instructions for minimum possible stemming depth.
- Tighten the central bolt of the stem, not “from all the foolishness”.
- Insert stem deeper into the fork stem than the minimum recommended length.
How to raise the handlebars on a kid’s bike?
Most toddler bikes are designed to adjust the handlebars not only in height but also in tilt. This allows you to configure the bike in such a way that riding occurs in the most comfortable and safe position for the child.
Usually, the handlebars on a kid’s bike can be lifted up by loosening the center lock nut. If the child assumes a crouched position during landing, it is necessary to move the control higher. When the baby hits the steering wheel with his knees, it is enough to change its inclination.
What tools may be needed to adjust the steering wheel?
Users who are trying to figure out how to raise the handlebars on a bicycle may need the following:
- set of hex keys;
- tension limiters that will not allow thread stripping (especially useful when working with components made of lightweight materials);
- (to work with old type steering columns);
- for servicing specific stems, torxes. keys with a star-shaped head will be indispensable.
Tricycles with handle
There are a large number of models from different manufacturers of children’s bicycles. First, you should familiarize yourself with their general characteristics.
The bike has a simple design. It is a reliable, stable and easy form of transport. There are several main types of bicycles for children:
For the smallest riders, a tricycle with a handle is suitable, which is also called a “cycle stroller” because it combines the functionality of both vehicles. These are quite popular and practical models.
They have a larger front wheel to which the pedals are attached and two smaller rear wheels. The resemblance to a stroller is given by the presence of a deep seat with a backrest, seat belts, an awning and a basket.
A small child, sitting on a bicycle, is not able to pedal for a long time and therefore the parents play the main role in movement. A handle attached to the back allows you to control the bike like a sidecar, pushing it in front of you and controlling the direction of travel.
The children’s tricycle is equipped with many different optional accessories that, if not needed, can be easily removed. It is a multifunctional mode of transport that can be freely transformed.
Once your child learns to sit confidently, it is better to use a bicycle rather than a bulky stroller for walking in warm weather. These handle-type kids tricycles are recommended for children from six months to four years old. During this period, the kid will be able to learn how to pedal, control the steering wheel, master the basic driving skills and subsequently change to a two-wheeled model without any problems.