At what age can a colonoscopy be done??
There is no specific age, which is a contraindication to carrying out medical and diagnostic manipulation. If stable alarming symptoms are detected, there are no age-related contraindications for colonoscopy.
So, the examination can be carried out for newborns in special neonatal intensive care units, for children from one to three years old in the presence of atypical signs of various diseases.
Colonoscopy is the only minimally invasive method that will reliably determine the final diagnosis. If uncertainty or doubts remain, you can resort to magnetic resonance imaging, virtual colonoscopy using a computer scanner.
Preparing the child
Preparing a child for a colonoscopy is no different from the peculiarities of preparing an adult. Preparations for the study should begin 3 days before the onset of the procedure. Usually, young children are much more successful than children over 10 years of age.
It is important to observe the following main points:
- Compliance with a slag-free diet. all food should be steam, semi-liquid, easily digested and excreted from the body (more details on how to eat before colonoscopy);
- On the last day before the study, you should switch to a strict diet. it is better if the diet consists of vegetable broths, crackers, jelly;
- The day before the study, auxiliary laxatives are taken: Flit-soda, Duphalac syrup.
If you have a complicated clinical history and diseases that require constant use of drugs, you should tell your doctor about this. It is important that all drugs are safe at the time of anesthesia.
How long does the procedure take under anesthesia?
The total duration of the manipulation varies from 30 to 60 minutes. It all depends on the goals of diagnosis, the need for simultaneous treatment and other clinical aspects.
If the manipulation is scheduled for the afternoon or evening, then in the morning you can feed the child with porridge, give a crouton and tea. In the evening on the eve of the manipulation, the intestines are cleansed with microclysters or Duphalac syrup is given. On the morning of the procedure, repeat the cleansing manipulation.
Regardless of the time of the procedure, the last intake of laxatives should be 5-6 hours in advance. Last meal of any semi-liquid food 4 hours before the study.
Before manipulation, it is necessary to distract the child with interesting activities, reading, drawing. Also, it is important to adjust it psychologically by playing the upcoming procedure for some important task or game.
The main indications for the study of children
There should be good reasons for the appointment of colonoscopic examination of the intestine in children. First, the procedure involves general anesthesia or sedation. Secondly, at an early age, the intestines and organs of the child’s gastrointestinal tract complete their formation, which may be accompanied by some disorders.
The following symptoms and diseases are considered the main prescriptions for the procedure in children:
- Suspicion of a congenital anomaly in the development of various parts of the intestine;
- Internal bleeding (stable indices of occult blood in the feces without signs of dysbiosis, smearing spotting during bowel movements);
- Ultrasound imaging of polyps and other tumor-like neoplasms;
- Complaints of pain during bowel movements;
- Suspected Crohn’s disease;
- Atypical discharge from the anus (mucous component, pus, liquid translucent exudate).
Endoscopic examination allows you to give a detailed assessment of the state of the intestine in children, including the state of the distal parts of the organ.
In addition to diagnostics, during a colonoscopy, you can:
- determine the localization of the tumor,
- take a biopsy specimen for histology,
- eliminate polyps in the intestines of the child and other pathological growths on the mucous membrane.
Imperfection of the Rules
The current traffic rules were inherited by Belarus from the USSR, and much of them is outdated, and much is not provided for.
For example, the Rules do not mention such types of transport as electric bicycles and electric scooters, although they are capable of developing a decent speed and there are more of them on the streets of cities every year. People on roller skates, skateboards, hoverboards, segways, electric unicycle are considered pedestrians, and according to the Rules they must ride on pedestrian paths, not cycle paths.
Also on the streets you can see signs that are not in the Rules. For example, a pedestrian crossing sign with a cyclist silhouette added to a human figure:
The legal force of such a road sign today is the same as that of street graffiti, that is, no 9.
In Minsk you can find “bike rides”, which are complemented by green markings with a bicycle pattern. there is no such markings in the traffic rules either.
What cyclists shouldn’t do
According to the traffic rules of Belarus, cyclists cannot:
Watch 4-year-old Ben learn to ride a bike in 5 minutes!!!
- Use faulty bicycles (handlebars, brakes), and in the dark. bicycles without working lights.
- Children under 14 years of age ride on the carriageway unaccompanied by an adult.
- Ride the motorway.
- Driving drunk or under the influence of drugs.
- Driving under the influence of drugs that reduce alertness and responsiveness, when sick or tired, if this could threaten road safety.
- Use your phone while driving if you cannot do it hands-free.
- Ride in snow or ice.
- Drive without holding the wheel or feet on the pedals.
- Turn left or make a U-turn on a road with tram lines or two or more lanes.
- Carry passengers. Children under 7 years old on an additional specially equipped seat. you can.
- Carry loads that interfere with bike control or stick out more than half a meter to the sides, forward or backward.
- Towing a bicycle or bicycle. Exception. industrial bike trailers.
How the bike should be equipped
The bike must have good brakes, steering and sound signal. bell or beep. A rearview mirror and reflectors should also be installed: white at the front, red at the rear, and orange at each side. You can ride in the dark or in fog, but the lights on the bike must be lit: in the front. with white light, in the back. with red. If the lights do not work, you will have to dismount, that is, get off the bike and carry it alongside you 2.
Cycling lane markings are applied directly to the asphalt and show you where to cycle:
The “footpath” is also drawn on the asphalt and shows where to walk:
There are places in the city where you can walk and bike. It is denoted like this:
Many sidewalks in Minsk have a lane marked with a “bicycle path” markings. over, such areas are often marked with signs that are not in the current Rules. These are:
It turns out that such a lane is an ordinary sidewalk 5.where pedestrians have an advantage, and cyclists can ride along it only without interfering with pedestrians.
Updated on 08/04/2019: Perhaps, according to Chapter 1, Clause 4 of the SDA RB, such signs are agreed with the traffic police and they may have legal force. It is not clear from the text of the document.
It is not surprising that they are confusing for road users, and conflicts between cyclists and pedestrians occur quite often in such places.
The place where the cycle path crosses the carriageway looks like this:
The intersection of a cycle path with footpaths or sidewalks:
Road signs and markings
There are several road signs in the current Regulations related to the regulation of cyclists’ traffic.
The sign “Cycle path” means that you can only ride here on bike 3. Sometimes you can walk along the cycle path, but only if there is no sidewalk or footpath nearby. At the same time, a pedestrian should not interfere with cyclists.
“Walking path”. only pedestrians can walk 4. but if there is no cycle path nearby. you can also ride a bike, but without disturbing pedestrians.
The Crossing Cycle Path sign warns drivers or pedestrians that there is a cycle path ahead and that extreme caution is required.
If there is a sign “Bicycle traffic prohibited” along the carriageway, then you cannot go there, regardless of whether there are obstacles on the sidewalk or bike path or not.
Passing intersections and crossing the carriageway
You cannot ride a bike on a pedestrian crossing 6. You must stop, get off your bike and cross the road by rolling your bike next to you.
You can cross the carriageway only if there are markings on the road that indicate the intersection with cycle path 7. If there is no traffic light at this point, then in most cases cars go first, then you (except when the car turns right or left).
Do I need a helmet?
The use of a bicycle helmet and other protective equipment is not mentioned in the traffic rules, which means that you do not have to wear a helmet. Some cyclists use helmets at will, but this phenomenon cannot be called widespread in Belarus yet.
Experienced cyclists (and we completely agree with them) recommend wearing not only a helmet, but also a reflective vest, flickers or reflectors if you are planning a trip in the dark or, for example, in fog. These are simple safety measures that can keep your health or even your life.
Got off the bike. became a pedestrian
As soon as you get off your bike, you become a pedestrian and must behave like a respectable pedestrian. walk along the sidewalk or footpath, and if not, along the side of the road. If there is nothing but a bike path, then you should not disturb those who ride a bike on it.
When there is no sidewalk, pedestrian or bicycle path at all or it is impossible to walk along them, you can ride your bicycle along the edge of the roadway towards traffic 8.
What to cook?
Sour cream is often added to curd dishes for a child, for example, they stir curd with it or pour a small amount of casserole or cheesecakes. Also, sour cream can be added to cereals and soups. In addition, this dairy product is often used as an ingredient in vegetable or fruit salads. It is also added to boiled, stewed or baked vegetables, for example, they cook zucchini for a child, stewed in it.
No less often it is included in meat dishes, for example, a child is offered meatballs in sour cream sauce. Turkey or chicken cooked in such a sauce will be soft and tender. Stewed rabbit in sour cream is no less tasty. Sour cream sauce complements fish dishes well.
See how you can make delicious sour cream cookies for crumbs:
Watch the video in which the pediatrician Smirnova L.A. talks about when you can start introducing sour cream and cheese into the diet:
- Some children are allergic to lactose and other substances in the composition.
- Due to the presence of saturated fat, such a product is not recommended in early childhood, as it will be difficult to digest. Even if you give the baby high-quality sour cream, but at the same time it will be with a high percentage of fats, there is a high probability of nausea, colic, diarrhea.
- Fatty sour cream can provoke metabolic disorders, as well as problems in the functioning of the endocrine glands, gallbladder and liver.
- Excessive use threatens overweight and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- Store product may contain ingredients that are harmful to children‘s health.
- Stale sour cream can cause intestinal infections. If the baby has eaten an expired product, he may have symptoms such as vomiting, thinned frequent stools, painful abdominal cramps. If they appear, you should immediately call a doctor.
How often and how much to give?
Sour cream in childhood is recommended to be included in the menu no more than two to three times a week. To begin with, you should limit yourself to a teaspoon of such a dairy product at a time. But you should not rush to increase a single dose, because this product, although useful, is high in calories.
Features of the introduction to complementary foods
At what age to give?
Most pediatricians advise against giving such a dairy product to either infants or a one-year-old child. According to doctors, a child’s body cannot cope with the digestion of even the most low-fat sour cream in a year.
Sour cream should be introduced into the children‘s diet no earlier than 2 years of age. If the child has a tendency to allergic reactions, it is advised to postpone the acquaintance for up to 3 years. Up to 2-3 years of age, it can be replaced with low-fat yogurt, as well as low-fat cream for baby food.
At 2-2.5 years old, sour cream in the child’s menu should be low-fat (10%), and at the age of 2.5 to 3.5 years, the baby is given low-fat sour cream (up to 15%). It is advised to start giving a product with a fat content of 15 to 25% not earlier than 3 and a half years, and more fatty species should not be given to children at all.
At what age can a child be given sour cream?
Sour cream is a favorite product of many adults and appears on the table of our compatriots quite often. It is added to baked goods, served with cheese cakes and other dishes, and even eaten separately. And when there is a baby in the family who goes to the common table, the mother is interested in how many months it is permissible to give sour cream to children, what is useful and not harmful to such a product, as well as in what quantity and how often she can be treated to babies.
How to cook at home?
Mothers who have learned how to make cottage cheese from milk for babies are also thinking about making sour cream on their own. It is quite easy to do this if you have baby cream and a special starter culture. Having mixed these two components at room temperature, you need to wait for the cream to sour, and then leave them in the cold for 1-2 days. You can also ferment the cream in a yogurt maker.
For more information about the use of fermented milk products, see the program “Living Healthy”.
At what age can you give beans to a child?
Bean dishes are often present on the table of our compatriots, therefore, when a baby appears in the family who begins to try vegetable complementary foods, mothers are interested in whether it can be given to a baby, is it useful for children and how to prepare it for a children’s menu.
Red beans are even healthier than peas. this is what the program “Living Healthy” says. See the next video for more details.
How to enter?
The best option to introduce the kid to green beans is the inclusion of a small amount of this young vegetable in vegetable puree or vegetable puree soup. So the baby will gradually get used to the green beans, and his digestive tract can easily digest them.
A little later, your child can make green beans puree. To do this, the vegetable is washed and soaked in water for 10-15 minutes. Then the water is drained, the pods are poured with a large volume of clean water, brought to a boil and cooked until soft, without covering with a lid. For the first time, the crumb is treated with half a spoonful of mashed potatoes. If the baby does not react to this product with tummy pains, changes in stool and other negative symptoms, the volume of the dish is gradually increased.
To cook mature beans for a three-year-old, its grains are washed and poured with water for at least 3-4 hours. Cooking such a product involves the use of a significant amount of water and strong boiling. You do not need to cover the pot with a lid, and it is advised to add salt at the end of cooking (before making mashed potatoes from it).
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What is harmful?
Dishes from ripe beans are digested in the body of a child during the first years of life with difficulty, therefore, their early introduction into a child’s diet can cause increased gas formation and constipation.
Eating too large a portion will lead to the same problems, so dishes with this type of legumes are recommended to be consumed in small quantities.
When to introduce into complementary foods?
Young beans appear in the infant’s diet along with other vegetable supplements. Such a green vegetable can be offered to a baby at 7-8 months by boiling a mono-component puree from it or adding a small amount of it young to other vegetables (by making a multi-component puree). Also, green beans can be found in ready-made mashed potatoes.
Dry beans are not recommended for at least 2 years. For a child of 2-3 years of age, this type of legumes in a mature form should be grinded and not given as a separate dish, but included in soups or other dishes with several ingredients. Only three-year-olds and older children are advised to cook it as a separate dish. In this case, the volume of a portion should not exceed 100 g.
As for the frequency of consumption, dishes from it should be offered no more than 2 times a week. Pediatricians, including the popular doctor Komarovsky, advise giving canned beans to a child at least 3 years old.
Nutritional value of squid
The main benefit of squid lies in their unique biochemical composition. This product consists of almost 83% water and 17% of easily digestible protein, which is much healthier than meat. Seafood is free of fats and carbohydrates, which is why it is often eaten by people on a diet.
- vitamins of group A, B, E and D;
- minerals. iodine, iron, fluorine, manganese, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, copper, cobalt;
- polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega 3 and Omega 6.
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Squid are superior to many types of fish in terms of cobalt content. This mineral element, in combination with phosphorus and iron, normalizes the level of hemoglobin in the blood, relieves irritability, fatigue and mood swings.
Introduction of squid into baby food
When you can feed your child with seafood. pediatricians recommend that parents take their time and introduce such complementary foods only after 2-3 years.
- In the first complementary feeding, a child of 2-3 years old can be given a small piece of squid without spices. subject to good tolerance, the portion is gradually increased.
- For the first time, the baby should eat the product only in boiled form.
- For 3-4 days after eating squid, new products should not appear in the children’s menu.
- In the case when the child does not have allergies, the maximum daily dose for children 3-7 years old is 50 g for older children. up to 100 g.
- Seafood dishes can be added to complementary foods no more than 1-2 times throughout the week.
It should be borne in mind that all seafood is a food that most often causes allergies or individual intolerances. Nausea, vomiting, upset stools, painful abdominal cramps after eating squid are the main signs that you need to give up the dish for a while.
At what age can squid children
Squid is seafood with a delicate and pleasant taste that is widely used in cooking. Juicy squid meat goes well with vegetables, mushrooms and meat, it is stuffed, used for making soups, salads and snacks. The benefits of seafood lie not only in exquisite taste, but also in a huge amount of easily digestible protein. Before giving squid to children, it must be borne in mind that these products have certain age restrictions and a high risk of an allergic reaction.
Useful properties of squid for children
To answer at what age you can start giving squids to babies, you need to take into account that seafood is source of important vitamins, micro- and macroelements, proteins and acids.
- Strengthens the skeleton, prevents the development of rickets in infants.
- Improves the condition of tooth enamel, prevents caries and other dental diseases.
- Normalizes hemoglobin in the blood, improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system, strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
- Stimulates the work of the central nervous system, memory and thinking, accelerates the regeneration of nerve cells.
- Improves the quality and acuity of vision.
- Improves oxygenation of the brain and other internal organs.
- Stimulates metabolism and accelerates the natural elimination of harmful waste products from the body.
- Eliminates the appearance of acne, makes the skin clearer, strengthens nails and hair.
Squids can be given to children of different ages, because they contain an increased amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids and iodine. This combination ensures the full functioning of the thyroid gland and the entire endocrine system.
How to cook squid properly
After defrosting, you can start cooking:
- Clean defrosted carcasses of chitinous films and entrails.
- Dip the carcasses in boiling water for a few seconds, remove with a slotted spoon and peel under running cold water. thanks to this, it can be easily removed.
- Rinse thoroughly and dip in boiling salted water.
- Boil for no more than 2-3 minutes. as soon as the carcasses turn white, they can be removed.
The boiled version can be used to prepare many other dishes. salads, snacks.
How to choose and store squid correctly, see the detailed video review:
The price is influenced by many factors. from the conditions of the club to additional services (photo and video filming). On average, it can go up to 20,000 rubles. In this
Finding out how old you can jump with a parachute is very important in order to understand when to start training. However, you need to know that not everyone is allowed to jump, even with a strong desire and available opportunities. There are certain contraindications to such extreme hobbies:
- chronic and acute diseases;
- malfunctions of the cardiovascular system;
- diseases of the middle ear;
- myopia is strong;
- mental disorders;
- injuries to the legs, pelvis, or spine.
People with high blood pressure, pregnant women and small children are not allowed to jump.
The parachute will open
All modern structures are reliable, durable and equipped with a reserve parachute. If necessary, the instructor will help open and activate the second parachute, but this is usually not required.
Masters who make jumps in tandem with beginners have a quick reaction to such situations and experience in opening reserves, otherwise it is impossible to obtain a license.
Masters making jumps in tandem with beginners have a quick reaction to such situations and experience in opening reserves, otherwise it is impossible to obtain a license.
What you need to know?
Attention! The weight range for jumping is 45 to 95 kg. If your weight is outside these limits, then you will not be allowed to jump.!
I go to the parachute club and when I am going to make an extreme jump, you should know that:
- The jump will take place only if the weather conditions are completely satisfactory to the instructors. Your plans for a particular day or time may not come true.
- There are no restrictions on the time of year. you can jump in any season.
- The minimum weight for a jump is 45 kg, the maximum is 95. If you are not in this range, then you will not be able to make the jump.
- The optimal height of the first jump is 800-900 m.
- The sink rate is mainly 5 m / s.
- When landing, there is a very high risk of injury, so the first jump is best done in tandem with an instructor.
- You should be prepared for the fact that there will be a terrible fear immediately before the jump, but a great desire and courage will give you unforgettable emotions in the future.
It is important to choose the right parachute club
There are two rules to remember, the first is to choose a popular club, preferably on a recommendation. The second rule is that you don’t need to save. Good fuel, airplanes, equipment and instructors. all this costs a lot of money, so the jump cannot be cheap. If the offered price is very low, it means that they are saving on something, but this saving can cost life.
The club must be chosen according to the following rules:
- the establishment must have a good history;
- it is important to be interested in every detail (jump height, type of parachute, presence of PPKU), from what age you can jump with a parachute with an instructor;
- no need to save on the club;
- it’s important to take preparation seriously.
The management of many clubs offers to undergo express training, that is, in a concise and accelerated form. This option is suitable for jumping from an 800-meter height. If you plan to deploy the parachute at an altitude of 3 km and above, then it is better to enroll in a special school, and not be content with the usual instructions.
Answers to the most pressing questions
There is absolutely no need to drink for courage, the effect of alcohol increases at altitude. At best, a person does not receive the necessary impressions and pleasure in such a state. Another option is severe overexcitation and deterioration, possibly fainting.
With a runny nose, it is better to refuse to fly, you can damage the eardrums and nasal sinuses. The first flight, of course, should be in tandem with an instructor. If you are wondering how old you can jump with a parachute with an instructor, then this should be clarified directly at the club.
From how old can you jump with a parachute?
Each parachute club that has an official registration and legally conducts its activities is obliged to prescribe age restrictions for clients in its special documentation. Most establishments in Russia allow jumping from the age of 14.
The child must have a medical certificate confirming his fitness for this kind of sport, as well as written permission from the parents. This permission, as well as the presence of parents, is mandatory until the teenager turns 18. As for jumping with an instructor, there are clubs in Russia that allow children from the age of 9 to do this. accurate information should be obtained from the club of your choice.
When to start?
The question of how many years you can ride a bike provides a number of clarifications:
- Which bike do you mean: child or adult?
- Which zone are you going to move in?
If we are talking about at what age a child can be put behind the wheel of a bicycle for the first time, then it is reasonable to follow the advice of pediatricians and child psychologists, who recommend doing this when the baby learns to walk and is strong enough to sit and hold on to the wheel on his own.
At 1-1.5 years old, you can try to put the baby on a three-wheeled bicycle and show the baby how to pedal, brake, turn. It is even better to start acquaintance with the technique with a balance bike, which will help in muscle training, develop a quick reaction, and teach the simplest control skills.
By 2.5-3 years old, you can transplant a child on a tricycle. At first, the baby will need to be supported by the back, guided. Then everything will go according to an individual scenario and will depend on the physical development of the child, the frequency of cycling and parental patience. By the age of 5-6, and sometimes even earlier, you can teach a cub to a two-wheeled bicycle. It is only important to remember that the dimensions of the vehicle must correspond to the growth of the baby. With a child height of 1 meter, the wheel diameter should be 12 inches. Each additional 15 cm of height gives an extra 4 inches in diameter.
How old can you ride a bike?
Cyclists not only enjoy riding an iron horse themselves, but are in a hurry to introduce their children to this activity. The sooner the child learns the skills of riding, the sooner it will be possible to get out on family cycling trips. True, the issue of the child’s safety on the road comes to the fore.
On the roadway!
But the question of how old you can ride a bike on the roads is no longer regulated by parents, but by the rules of the road. Age restrictions apply here strictly.
For children under 7 years old, it is permissible to move along:
- bike paths;
- pedestrian areas.
Cyclists from 7 to 14 years old must move in:
- bike paths;
- bike paths;
- areas for pedestrians.
After 14 years, teenagers can travel by:
- bike paths;
- bicycle lanes;
- bike paths;
It is important to remember, however, that cycle paths remain a priority. Driving on the sidewalk after 7 years is only possible when the other permitted areas are absent or heavily congested. But it is allowed to transport preschoolers in a special bicycle seat or accompany a small driver sitting on a separate bicycle by adults on the sidewalk.
And, of course, their parents are an example to follow, as always. Obey the traffic rules carefully. and the child will follow you.
How old can you ride a bike??
Cycling is fun and physical. Therefore, the question of the age at which children can start skating is very relevant. It is necessary to carefully observe all safety standards and at the same time not to deprive the kids of the joy of free movement.
Travel by road
But driving a bike, even a 2-wheeled one, of a sports class, on the yard or sidewalk is one thing. And it is quite another matter when the child drives out onto the roadway. Here it is not the will of the parents (or rather, not she alone) that is acting, but the inexorable rules of the road. They instruct children under 7 to travel only:
- on sidewalks;
- special dedicated tracks;
- pedestrian areas and other places where motor vehicles do not run.
Riding under the age of 14 is also permitted on cycle paths. And starting from the age of 14, it is allowed to ride both on the sides of the roads and on the cycle lanes allocated on them. But, regardless of the specific age, the absolute priority is still assigned to cycle paths. All other options are provided by the rules only in the case when for some reason they cannot be used. If preschoolers ride in a separate seat, driven by adults, or someone of the age accompanies them, then you can ride along the sidewalk.
It should be remembered that cyclists are full road users, regardless of age. Therefore, they can be held liable for all violations committed. The only difference is that the parents pay fines and compensations for the little rider. There are even special “bike” insurance policies. Judicial practice also shows that cyclists can be found guilty and obliged to compensate for the damage. Before, in the USSR, it was forbidden to ride a bicycle without a license and without license plates.
Now there is no such limitation. But another rule has appeared: to go either along the bike paths or along the roadway. In the second case, it is allowed to move only in the direction of the stream, and not against it.
Obviously, this requires a certain level of skill and response. Not all children by the age of 7-11 are sufficiently prepared purely from a psychophysiological point of view, and it is impossible to guarantee their safe travel on the road.
That is why the rules of the road say unambiguously: you cannot drive a bicycle on the roads (on their carriageways) until you reach the age of 14. Traffic rules do not establish any prescriptions for the qualities of the bike used itself. But all the same, for your own peace of mind and to avoid many problems, under the age of 14, you should only be allowed to use bicycles of a special children’s design. Attempts to use “adult” models too early will only lead to great danger, and sometimes directly to great disaster.
And one more subtlety: the rules of the road are constantly changing, and you will have to get acquainted with their fresh edition at least once every six months.
First of all, you need to answer the question at what point you can put a child behind the wheel, in general. Pediatricians, educators and psychologists believe that this process should not be forced. The correct guideline will be that the little person has mastered full-fledged walking and has become physically stronger. Then he is already able to sit on the bicycle seat and hold the handlebars. The first “rudder tests” can be made as early as 12-18 months.
Of course, there is no question of free skating. They just put the baby on a 3-wheeled bike and demonstrate:
- how to pedal;
- how to stop;
- how to turn aside.
Recommendation: it is better to start mastering wheeled transport with balance bikes. They will allow:
- train the necessary muscle groups;
- to strengthen the reaction to what is happening and give it the necessary forms;
- master basic bike driving skills.
At the age of 2.5-3 years, a child can ride a bicycle almost fully. Of course, it must be a tricycle with the proverbial parental handle. It is impractical to use a bike of too complex construction.
You will have to spend time supporting the baby with your hands and even directing his movement. But it will be rewarded a hundredfold. Later, everything will go on strictly individually.
The time to move to the next stage is determined by:
- physical and mental development of the child;
- his general fitness;
- specifically riding skills;
- the frequency of cycling;
- the ability of parents to pay attention.
Usually, riding a tricycle ends at 5-6 years old. With good physical development, it is possible to transfer children to a 2-wheel bike even earlier. It should be borne in mind that the rapid development of a young organism will force them to often change bicycles at this time. When the height reaches 1 m, the diameter of the wheel should be 12 inches.
Then a simple rule applies: for every 0.15 m of height, add 4 inches at once.
Riding an electric bike
Riding a motorized bike is a very special “world”, and the legal requirements are much stricter here than in relation to ordinary cyclists. The electric bike is quite heavy and develops very high, almost car speeds. If the motor is relatively weak (up to 0.25 kW), and the speed does not exceed 25 km / h, you can ride on such a vehicle from the age of 14. If the bike is supplied with an engine more powerful than 0.25 kW and / or falls into the category “from 25 to 50 km / h”, the bar rises already to 16 years. Important: vehicles with several driving modes at once are classified according to the most powerful of them.
It should be borne in mind that road safety inspectors have no time to carry out a deep examination on the road of where what power is. Therefore, it is necessary from the very beginning to focus on the most stringent age restrictions. over, it will be calmer for the parents themselves. As for powerful (from 250 W) bicycles, you will have to obtain a driver’s license to drive them. It is issued traditionally, as for motorists or motorcyclists: with training at a driving school, with a medical commission, with passing exams. This implies not only the ability to drive, but also a thorough knowledge of the official laws.
For how to teach a child to ride a bike, see the next video.