Bicycle chain oil

How to lubricate a bicycle chain

Transmission care. this is what you most often have to do with your bike if you want it to last long and look great. But there are important tricks here.

Cleanliness is the key to health! This expression is true not only for organisms, but also for bicycle transmission. A terrible dream of your bike. black (like night) cassette, chain and system, completely covered with “plasticine” from old grease, dust and poplar fluff?

In such a favorable environment, steel-cutters usually start. evil microbes, imperceptibly devouring stars, chains and rollers :).

A well-groomed drivetrain should look “shiny”.

This is the most important and frequent thing you will do with your bike. Ideally, after every 100 km of travel in dry weather, give the transmission 3-5 minutes of time to clean, and lubricate it only when you hear the rustle of a dry chain when driving.

Chain lubrication. one of the most important steps in bike care. The used oil (lubricant) directly affects not only the quality of the transmission, but also the durability of the chain and sprockets on your bike. That is why today I will tell you how and with what you need to lubricate the chain, and how you cannot lubricate it. How is bicycle chain lubricant different from other oils? The bike chain is in motion, with its rollers constantly rubbing against the stars, as well as against the rollers of the rear derailleur. Chain roller friction (external friction). does not lead to “stretching” (increase in length) of the chain. The most intense friction occurs just inside the chain itself. Each link consists of four elements (2 plates, pin and roller). A total of about 110 such links in the chain.

How To Choose Bike Chain Lube And When To Use It

With its rollers, the new chain slides into the teeth of the new cassette. To understand where the lubricant is most needed in the chain, you need to understand what exactly is wearing out in it. Please note that the pins are firmly seated in the holes of the outer plates, which means there is no friction between them. There is friction between the inner link plates and the pins. It is here that the development of the pin takes place, the inner plates rub the grooves in it, which leads to the lengthening of the chain (they say: the chain is stretched). As a result, the rollers do not so accurately fall into the teeth of the stars, and wear them out. Rear derailleur rollers, usually made of plastic, also suffer. In addition, the clarity of gear changes is reduced, noise, clicks, chain slip and other undesirable phenomena occur. Thus, the most undesirable wear on the chain does not occur outside, but inside it.

The task of any chain lubricant is to penetrate inside, and stay there as long as possible: do not dry out, do not wash out with water, do not splash when the chain moves. But on the outside, the lubricant does more harm than good. coupled with dust, it turns into an abrasive paste that does its job perfectly.

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The chain must be kept dry on the outside and lubricated on the inside.

After you have applied liquid (!) Lubricant to each roller, you need to wipe the chain dry with a soft cloth. When riding, some of the lubricant still flows out and accumulates dust, so the chain, stars and rollers must be cleaned with a medium-length hard bristle brush. It is best to use special handy brushes for this, which can clean hard-to-reach places, such as derailleur rollers and the gap between the stars.

With regular cleaning, your transmission will not only look great, it will perform great and last much longer.

A brush alone will not be enough to bring a black “running” transmission back to normal, so you need a chain cleaner. It is also called a “grease remover” (grease remover, from the word de-greaser). This composition washes well stubborn grease with dirt. At worst, WD-40 will help out, but special cleaners work better. If a lot of sand or dirt has got into the chain (for example, after a serious “mud-kneading”), then the brushes are of little help: the chain should be washed. For this purpose, there is no better way than a special chain wash. It allows you to gently wash the bike chain even in the apartment.

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The new chain is lubricated when the links are assembled at the factory with a thick but very sticky lubricant. It will be enough for 300-400 km of driving, after which it will be difficult to put grease into the rollers.

Before the first ride, wipe off the sticky lubricant from the new chain with a soft cloth lightly dampened with solvent. Do not wash out the factory grease from the inside!

If you don’t wipe off the new chain, then very quickly the factory sticky grease will turn your transmission into black pieces of iron. By the way, for some reason, sellers do not talk about this, but this simple procedure will make it easier for you to maintain the transmission in a brilliant form (in every sense). Now let’s analyze the chain lubricants.

One of the most common mistakes. This is a chain lubrication with WD-40 aerosol and its analogues.

WD-40. it is a liquid with a high penetrating power, designed primarily to unblock acidified compounds and displace moisture. Yes, it contains a small amount of oil, but in essence WD-40 is carbonated kerosene, but not a lubricant. Wedeshku, Anyway (Hado) and other analogs are nevertheless good to use to dissolve old grease if you want to clean well running transmission elements. In this case, you need to spray the parts abundantly with a spray, putting a rag so that the composition does not get on the other parts, and wait a little. After that, clean with a brush, wipe dry and grease with a special liquid chain lubricant (about it below).

Engine oil as a chain lubricant is already better, but for now it’s a four-point. As the name suggests, this oil must work in motors, in a closed environment at high temperatures. Its outstanding motor properties are not needed at all in bicycles. Conversely, engine oil does not promise us well to penetrate the rollers, does not dry out for a long time, does not wash off and weakly attract dust. The same can be said about oil for sewing machines, as well as transformer, motorcycle, olive, massage and aromatic oils)) If you have excellent bicycle oils, it makes no sense to drip any other oil into the chain and think what will happen.

Having bought a jar of excellent bicycle chain oil for 100-200 UAH, you will present it to your grandchildren. Does it make sense to look for an alternative?

Only the chain should be lubricated in the bicycle transmission, and in no case the stars.

As mentioned above, the following qualities are important in a bicycle chain lubricant:

  • It is good to penetrate the videos;
  • Stay there for a long time, do not dry out and do not leak;
  • Attract as little dust as possible;
  • Resist being washed away by rain.

In principle, motorcycle chain oil will work for us, but it should also not spray out of the rollers when the chain rotates at high speed. Therefore, motorcycle oil is more expensive, and it has more packaging. Bicycle chain lubricants are divided into two main types.

How to lubricate your bicycle chain | Cycling Weekly

Dry grease. They are often made with Teflon and are designed to be used in dry or not very humid conditions. It has a good dustproof effect due to the large amount of Teflon in the composition. Well protects the chain from short-term moisture ingress. If you get caught in the rain, this smear will protect the chain from corrosion, but as soon as you get home it is better to clean the transmission, wipe it dry, lubricate the chain and wipe it dry again. According to many mechanics, dry weather grease is versatile and can be recommended as an everyday oil.

Wet and wet lubricant (Wet). It is made on the basis of synthetic silicone oils, sometimes with the addition of paraffin. The lubricant protects the chain very well against direct and prolonged exposure to moisture. Due to the high content of silicone, it works well in wet and dirty conditions, but is categorically not suitable for use in dry weather due to the high fat content of the composition. We recommend using this type of lubricant on rainy autumn days, early spring, when running marathons in bad weather, and especially in winter.

Ceramic lubricants deserve special attention. According to the manufacturers, they create a ceramic layer of increased strength on the rubbing parts, which is their service life.

Greases with thickeners are also interesting. When grease is applied to the roller, it is very fluid, after which the solvent evaporates from it, and it becomes thick. Thus, it stays inside longer. When lubricating, it is important to wipe off the lubricant from the outside of the chain in time.

The main types of grease packaging. bottle with tip and aerosol can. Despite the seeming primitiveness of the bottle, I still recommend it. With it, I apply lubricant directly to each roller, and it takes up less space in the backpack. An aerosol can be taken for a workshop where you need to quickly lubricate more than one chain in a day. Due to spraying, a lot of lubricant is sprayed by, and consumption increases. Also, if you are not used to spray, it is easy to stain rims, spokes, frame, brake rotors.

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Having bought a jar of excellent bicycle chain oil for 100-200 UAH, you will present it to your grandchildren. Does it make sense to look for an alternative?

To summarize, I advise you not to skimp on lubrication and choose a special oil for bicycle chains. It takes into account all the nuances of the operation of an open bicycle transmission. I recommend choosing a bottle with a spout. If you choose a spray, be sure to put a rag under the stream so that the grease does not get where it should not. You only need to lubricate the chain, and only inside the rollers, only when you begin to hear a dry rustle of the chain while driving. Wipe the chain dry after lubrication. Brush the chain, stars, rollers, avoiding the accumulation of dirt, sand, dust.

Why lubricate the chain?

There is a misconception that the chain should not be lubricated, but only cleaned. The design of the bicycle chain consists of plates, pins and rollers that are in constant rotation, which means friction and wear of metal parts occurs. Cyclists who do not lubricate the chain or do it rarely end up with a bike with poor shifting speeds, noise and grinding when moving. Also, the lack of lubrication in the chain leads to premature chain wear and breakage, and a worn chain, in turn, increases the wear of the rear and front chainrings of the bicycle.

How can and can not lubricate a bicycle chain?

After the chain is clean, the question arises, what is the best way to lubricate? What can not be used to lubricate the chain? You can lubricate the chain with any liquid lubricant, but the properties of the various lubricants should be taken into account. If you ask experienced cyclists, they will recommend special Teflon and wax cycling lubricants. Polytetrafluoroethylene or Teflon. material with a very low coefficient of friction, Teflon-based grease will perfectly lubricate and eliminate friction in the chain parts. During the first lubrication, the grease will penetrate into the chain links and the process of displacement of the remaining dirt inside the rollers will take place. After a few greases, all the dirt will be forced out by the grease and the chain will run smoothly and quietly. Wax bicycle lubricants should also be noted, which not only reliably lubricate, but also form a film on the surface of the chain that prevents the ingress and adhesion of dirt.

Manufacturers produce greases for dry weather, wet operating conditions and universal. There are also wax-ceramic, water-based ceramic, paraffin wax and others. Applying the correct lubricant under the correct operating conditions will improve the lubricating properties of the lubricant and protect the bike’s drivetrain. If you are not sure where you will be on your bike tomorrow, choose a universal lubricant.

How to lubricate a bicycle chain? Cleaning and lubricating the bike chain.

One of the most important parts of any bike. it’s a chain. The bike chain transfers the torque generated by the rider from the drive sprocket to the driven sprocket. The ability of the cyclist to develop speed, change gears and just pedal comfortably without unnecessary effort and sounds directly depends on the technical condition of the chain.

How and how to clean the chain?

Before lubricating the chain, it must be cleaned of dirt, old grease and other elements that interfere with the smooth and precise operation of the entire transmission of the bicycle. The best way to completely clean the chain, not only outside but also inside the rollers, is to remove it from the bike and dip it in a liquid bike chain cleaner. Suitable for very dirty and dried out chains. If dirt remains on the chain, you can use an aerosol chain cleaner. Spray the chain cleaner, wait 5-10 minutes and wipe off dirt and other substances that have come out with a cloth. Repeat cleaning if necessary until all dirt is removed.

Also, cyclists use brushes and chains. With the help of a chain chain, the process of cleaning a bicycle chain becomes very simple and effective, without removing the chain from the bicycle and getting the cyclist dirty. Riders also use solvents of various types as cleaning liquids, gasoline, kerosene, white spirit, household detergents and others. Disadvantages of these funds. harsh odors or poor cleaning efficiency.

It is recommended to clean the chain after every more or less long ride if dirt sticks to the chain are visible. Regular cleaning will prevent dirt from getting into the middle of the chain link, from where it is not easy to clean.

How to lubricate the chain? Lubrication intervals.

After choosing the lubricant suitable for you and cleaning the chain, you can start the process itself. A drop of lubricant is applied to each link of a clean, dry chain. on top of the roller. So that the grease gets into the middle of the roller of each chain link. After lubricating the entire chain, wipe off excess lubricant with a cloth. If the chain is not cleaned properly, grease and dirt may appear on the surface. Wipe off the dirt with a cloth and clean the chain thoroughly before the next lubrication. Timely lubrication and cleaning of the chain will ensure crisp gear shifting by both the front derailleur and the rear. It will also save the resource of the chain and transmission stars, which will significantly reduce the wear of transmission parts and their premature replacement.

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The chain must be lubricated every 100 km, after driving in the rain, when corrosion appears on the links, if there is noise from the chain.

Many people advise using ordinary motor oils, spindles, and sewing machine oil to lubricate the chain. These oils are designed to lubricate closed structures free from dirt, dust, sand and open areas. If you lubricate the chain with engine oil, dust and dirt will soon adhere to the chain, contaminating the entire transmission of the bike. Also, non-bicycle lubricants usually dry quickly or wash off with water, have a short mileage before the next lubrication procedure.

Choosing a chain lubricant

How and how to lubricate a bicycle chain when there is a wide range of lubricants on the market ?! You can understand them by classifying them by type:

  • Aerosol lubricants are lubricants designed to process moving materials (chains, switch hinges, cable exit points from shirts). Such lubricants are liquid oil in aerosol cans equipped with special tubes through which liquid is injected. Aerosol lubricant is good for lubricating hard-to-reach places, it is easy to use and safe when transported in a bag / backpack (oil cannot seep through the straw).

Using an aerosol can is not very effective, because most of the spray does not fall on the part, but on other parts located nearby. There is a possibility of flooding the brake discs or rims, and this, as you know, is completely undesirable.

As a rule, aerosol lubricants are used by bicycle mechanics in a workshop or by bicycle enthusiasts who perform maintenance in a home / garage environment. It is not very convenient to carry a half-liter container with you, especially if it is a short or long trip.

Myths about WD40. Rumor has it that WD40 is an alternative to bicycle lubricants. This is not true. WD40 can only be used as a flushing agent. It is a technical aerosol designed to displace water and dissolve rust in joints. It has minimal lubricity and is therefore not a bicycle chain lubricant.

  • Liquid lubricants are specialized liquid materials that are used to lubricate a bicycle chain. Such substances are usually retained in convenient bottle packs with or without a dispenser.

A distinction is made between two-component lubricants, which consist of a thick oil and a solvent. After applying such a lubricant to the chain, the solvent evaporates, and the thick oil remains in the chain joints.

Wet Weather Lubricant is another subtype of lubricant. Thickness is characteristic of such lubricants. They can be used in aggressive conditions and high humidity. Wet weather greases are protective, dirt-repellent and moisture-repellent. Low rinse off has excellent adhesive properties.

Why and how to lubricate a bicycle chain?

Lubricants are designed to reduce friction in mating parts. So, the bicycle chain, which is in constant motion, rubs against the system stars and cassettes, as well as against the rear derailleur rollers and against the front derailleur walls. All these mechanical processes lead to wear of the parts.

The bike owner should regularly carry out maintenance to keep his two-wheeled vehicle in good working order. Maintenance can be kept to a minimum. regular cleaning and lubrication of the chain. It is necessary to lubricate the bicycle chain so that it works evenly with special oils, and then excessive adhesion of dirt and rustling will bypass the cyclist.

How to lubricate a bicycle chain

Every advanced cyclist knows how to care for a bicycle chain. But novice cyclists do not know that not every liquid that smells like oil is able to favorably interact with a bicycle chain. How to lubricate a bicycle chain to protect it from early wear and negative consequences? To find the answer to the question posed is the purpose of the entry I have prepared.

Engine oil myths

Many probably more than once used machine (household) oil in a transparent tube, bought at the bazaar from the table for 4 UAH, to lubricate the bicycle chain. This is not the best way to care for your iron. Engine oil collects all dust and dirt, killing the stars and chain. Machine oil can be an old-fashioned way, but not for expensive modern mechanics, which require almost jewelry care.