At what level is the handlebars of the bicycle

Butterfly

The butterfly steering wheel, aka “marching”, performs the same functions as the “drop”, but is focused not on high-speed, but on prolonged riding. 4-5 positions for the hands and the ability to turn the pipe in the stem upwards gives a comfortable fit, and minimal fatigue of the cyclist during a long ride in an upright body position. Often the handlebars are installed in several positions.

Models that are not very cheap are still very popular in Europe, where long trips are the norm.

“Mustaches” are simplified versions of “butterflies”, which in terms of use are close to the standard raised ones. Such handlebars can be seen on classic Soviet bicycles. The curved tube makes it easy to grab a comfortable and high handlebar, the handles of which are turned towards the cyclist.

level, handlebars, bicycle

The design allows for a lower body position, and the absence of sharp or uncomfortable corners creates multiple grip points, minimizing rider fatigue.

Racing models that are in the same plane and form a more convenient analogue of a straight steering wheel with additional horns. Three grips targeting standard and tilted body positions make these models popular with road and track athletes.

In turn, on off-road and in extreme situations, such a steering wheel can be dangerous. the location of the hands along the pipe, and the switches already on the “horns” minimize shock absorption.

Lubrication of bearings in cups

The cups connect the steering column to the glass in the frame and require periodic maintenance. Regular bearings will need lubrication, industrial bearings do not need lubrication.

A signal of problems with the mechanism may be a backlash in the crown or if the column squeaks when cornering and under load.

Repair and service

In mountain models, the structure is simplified as much as possible in terms of maintenance, and there will be no difficulties in order to remove the steering wheel or fix it on another level. All this is done with a stem and bolt connection.

Removing the steering wheel is easy enough, as well as fixing it back. The main thing is to make sure that there is no backlash. The handlebars must not move vertically or bend to the sides.

Two actions are routine maintenance: changing the height and lubricating the bearings.

The column is responsible for changing the height of the steering wheel, you can raise the steering wheel up to its length, and lower the retainer wedge until it stops. The main thing is to carefully assemble the entire mechanism after the changes. You can read more about setting the steering wheel height here.

How to choose a bicycle handlebar and what it can be

Over the years of development of bicycles, the handlebar has changed little. the mount on the column, handles, over time, hinged controls and a number of accessories have appeared. Structurally, the steering wheel has practically not changed. It’s still the same pipe, fixed on the axis. Nevertheless, almost a dozen types of rudders are now distinguished. A lot depends on the steering wheel. First of all, the quality of the bike handling and the rider’s comfort.

A drop

This handlebar is sometimes referred to as a “touring” wheel because of its initial appearance on the respective bikes. One of the most popular models of this type is the Japanese-made Nitto Noodle, which is the culmination of more than fifty years of evolution in various touring designs. Droplet analogs can be seen on most mainstream road bikes and fixed gears.

This design provides the biker with several different grips at once, dramatically reducing arm muscle fatigue and allowing you to ride in a “sporty style” without any problems, tilting the body for acceleration and using the force of the arms to pedal.

Raised

Perhaps the most common type of rudder. First of all, all “classics” and modern hybrids are equipped with them. Such models are a pipe bent in the central part so that the grip seats are higher than the stem. In some cases, such a steering wheel is welded from several pipes, and it is distinguished by a large height or width.

Raised handlebars are used for straight boarding, so they can be found on touring bikes. At the same time, BMX handlebars are also raised, which are specially designed for use with very heavy loads. in sports versions, jumpers appear on the central part, dramatically increasing the rigidity and reliability of the device.

In addition, handlebars of extra-budget bicycles can be considered “raised” when all elements of the handlebars are performed as a single element, without using a separate stem and column. Such designs can be seen on inexpensive Forward bikes and some Soviet models.

Steering wheel selection

So, what to look for when choosing the right handlebar for your bike:

  • Hand positions. As can be seen from the listing of the various models, hand position is very important for the riding style (the ability to stretch out when tilting the body, step on the pedals off-road). In addition, duration is important, since changing the position of the hands over time is very important.
  • Body Position. The grip is an extension of the tilt and position of the body. For example, with a mountain rudder it is almost impossible to bend over to improve aerodynamics, and it is difficult to shift the focus on off-road to the “drop”.
  • Mounting type. the de facto standard is a bolted stem, but it can be of several diameters. For mining it is 25.4 mm, for road models. 25 and 31.8 mm.
  • The diameter of the steering wheel itself. grips and accessories are attached to it, which may not fit either. Usually correlated with bolt diameter and is 23.8 and 22.2 mm.
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K-Speed Diablo Clip-On Handlebar Installation on Royal Enfield Continental GT 650

Types of rudders

Each handlebar for a bicycle belongs to one type or another, and each type is designed (and used) in certain models of bicycles and solves its own problems. For example, for mountain bikes, first of all, reliability and ease of dismantling are important, and in long journeys on road bikes. several different grip positions, which reduce the load on the cyclist’s arms.

We do not cover exotic options here, such as several types of BMX models or compact folding handlebars. The steering wheel device and its components will be discussed in more detail in the article about the steering column of a bicycle.

These types are very arbitrary, since border models can be attributed to both one and the other form.

Clips tape

Opinions differ as to whether it is worth putting separate pieces of tape on the clips or not. If you want everything to work out neatly, we advise you to overlay these separate pieces. Can be wound without them. But usually only venerable “motorists” succeed in this.

  • These “separate” pieces of tape are often pre-assembled / included in the kit. If not, you can cut them off yourself.

Overlap

Each new turn must overlap /. a third of the previous turn. Pull the tape evenly. so that the thickness and width are the same (taking into account the situation when the steering wheel begins to bend during the ride. the tape is elastic, you will succeed). Make sure that the luggage is free of wrinkles and gaps between turns.

Shake

Remove the waxed strip from the tape and start winding. We apply the adhesive side to the bottom of the steering wheel. so that the tape protrudes 1-1.5 cm beyond the edge of the ram. Next. turns: applied slightly obliquely.

11. The final touch

Slide the shifter covers back into place (riding position).

How to wrap a road bike handlebar: photo video

How to wrap a road bike handlebar is a simple science. But it will help breathe new life into the old “start-highway” (if there is no money and the desire to spend money on pumped-up components).

A high-quality winding “eats up” vibrations, prevents hands from slipping, is pleasant to the touch. And a bike with a new-beautiful winding looks “more cheerful”. How to wrap a road bike handlebar so that you don’t have to buy a new tape and / or go to the master later?

  • the tape itself;
  • degreaser;
  • napkin;
  • scissors;
  • insulating tape.

Required Tools and Components for Road Bike Handlebar Wrapping

  • All photos. road.cc

How to wrap a road bike handlebar near the shifters

When you reach the lever of the shifter, wind around its base, pressing the piece of tape about which we wrote in paragraph 2 with your fingers. It didn’t work the first time. it doesn’t matter: everyone gets the first pancake, even the editorial staff of BikeMe. Especially from the BikeMe editorial board. Unwind and let’s start again.

How to wrap a road bike handlebar. setting the stage

Soil is the rudder itself. Slide the shifter covers forward to reveal the lever clamps. Then remove (unscrew) the end caps from the handlebar. Remove the winding and use a spray to clean (and degrease with a grease agent) the bar (steering wheel) itself from glue, winding residues.

Then, using electrical tape, attach the cables to the handlebar (insert into the grooves, if there are any in the handlebars). Cut two pieces of electrical tape (10 centimeters long), glue them to the stem (it will be clear why later).

City bike landing

In the city, people drive calmly, measuredly, unhurriedly. They do not overcome obstacles on the ground, do not pass speed standards, do not seek to overcome a long distance. The characteristic difference between the landing on a city bike is a straight back and a high position of the hands on the handlebars. In this case, the angle between the body and the ground is almost 90 °.

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Thus, to ride a city bike, the handlebars must be raised above the seat by at least 10 cm, and the saddle height is adjusted using a universal method. It is advisable to set the position of the seat horizontally. Correct leg position when riding a city bike. slightly bent at the knee joint at the bottom of the pedal travel.

Frame size

The dimensions indicated by the manufacturer may confuse you, since under different dimensions completely different dimensions of the frame can be hidden. Somewhere more height and a shorter stem, somewhere a short frame, but a long stem and a saddle shifted back.

The main rules to consider when choosing the size of the frame:

  • The main criterion is the height of the frame.
  • When your feet are on the ground, you should not touch the frame with your groin. Otherwise, not only will you get discomfort from the ride, but you can also “catch” an injury.

“Universal”

This is the easiest, “yard” way to calculate the correct saddle height for a bicycle.

  • Sit on your bike and lean against a wall or any post;
  • Place your heel on the pedal and set the latter to the lowest point of the stroke;
  • The leg should be slightly bent at the knee joint;
  • Most often, this height is quite enough for measured skiing in the city. If you are planning a long-distance trip, it may be better to lower the saddle slightly.

Knees

Knee pain can occur when the saddle is too low or, conversely, too high. Knee problems also occur if the clip is not properly adjusted. Some riders find that looser buckling cures this problem.

Handlebar height

The height of the handlebars directly affects the ride comfort. The height depends on the lift height, on the angle of inclination of the stem, on the shape of the rudder.

Some riders prefer to place the handlebars at the level of the saddle, while others lower the handlebars a little lower in order to get a more streamlined position. For beginners, it is advisable to raise the handlebars above the saddle for an upright position.

[icons icon = “alert” color = “# 37acf6 ″ size =” 15 ″] Important: The position of the handlebars must be such that the required fork load is maintained for cross-country driving. If you sit upright, the shock absorber will have too little load to perform its functions.

Pressure control

Your tires, shock absorber and rear suspension create a good “cushion” between your body and the ground. Fitting them correctly is critical for maximum comfort. Large, wide tires can run at lower pressures than narrow ones. Also wide, low profile tires spin faster and are more comfortable.

The optimal choice for an initial inflation of 2.1 ” tires for mid-weight riders is 2.4 ATM, for thin and light riders. 2 ATM, for heavy riders. 2.7 ATM.

Fork pressure may vary by brand and model. It is recommended to start with the pressure at which the shock is compressed by 1/4 or 1/3 when you are sitting on the bike. Over time, you will find out the compression level for different types of riding and will be able to fine-tune the fork.

What is the height of the handlebars for the bike?

Saddle

The comfort of the saddle is influenced by the outer material and lining. You must be able to move freely in the saddle, and various embroidered graphics do not contribute to this.

Don’t assume that the more padding, the more comfortable the ride. Thin saddles filled only where needed are often more comfortable than large padded saddles, which quickly irritate the fifth point.

Please note that there are male and female models that take into account the physiology of the riders. Women’s make it a little wider.

Handlebar “mustache”

“Mustaches” are simplified versions of “butterflies”, which in terms of use are close to the standard raised ones. Such handlebars can be seen on classic Soviet bicycles. The curved tube makes it easy to grab a comfortable and high handlebar, the handles of which are turned towards the cyclist.

The design allows for a lower body position, and the absence of sharp or uncomfortable corners creates multiple grip points, minimizing rider fatigue.

Bicycle grips and handlebars

Bicycle grips are the rubber (sometimes foam) ends of the handlebars that the cyclist holds onto while riding.

All models differ in weight, material, quality of the outer and inner coating and the place for a certain number of fingers. The main purpose is to firmly fix the hands on the steering wheel in all weather conditions.

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Grips made of soft rubber are more comfortable on the hands, do not chafe the skin, but their service life is shorter than hard ones. Hard rubber handlebars last a very long time, but they are able to rub the palm bumps and the bases of the fingers when driving for a long time.

Bullhorn steering wheel

This type of rudder follows the curve of the buffalo horns. The name confirms this. Convenient in that it is similar to a straight rudder with horns, but does not require additional components (namely horns). Therefore, it is lighter than its counterpart with installed horns. In addition, a variety of removable “horns”, wraps and grips, rest attachments with elbow rests will help you upgrade your existing handlebars quickly and inexpensively.

Butterfly steering wheel

The butterfly steering wheel, aka “marching”, performs the same functions as the “ram”, but is focused not on high-speed, but on long-term riding. 4-5 positions for the hands and the ability to turn the pipe in the stem upwards gives a comfortable fit, and minimal fatigue of the cyclist during a long ride in an upright position of the body.

Handlebar for BMX

These handlebars are used only for BMX bikes designed for jumping and stunts. These bikes are small in size with very low saddle levels. The high vertical handlebar is designed to straighten the athlete’s position. The crossbar acts as an amplifier.

How to choose a bicycle handlebar?

So, what to look for when choosing the right handlebar for your bike:

How To Set Up Your Bike’s Seat And Handlebars

  • Hand positions. As can be seen from the listing of the various models, hand position is very important for the riding style (the ability to stretch out when tilting the body, step on the pedals off-road). In addition, duration is important, since changing the position of the hands over time is very important.
  • Body Position. The grip is an extension of the tilt and position of the body. For example, with a mountain rudder it is almost impossible to bend over to improve aerodynamics, and it is difficult to shift the focus on off-road to the “drop”.
  • Mounting type. the de facto standard is a bolted stem, but it can be of several diameters. For mining it is 25.4 mm, for road models. 25 and 31.8 mm.
  • The diameter of the steering wheel itself. grips and accessories are attached to it, which may not fit either. Usually correlated with bolt diameter and is 23.8 and 22.2 mm.

Note that the easiest choice of a bicycle handlebar is to choose one that suits your riding style. A straight steering wheel is suitable for cross-country tasks, a ram steering wheel for a highway. You will be able to understand whether you need a butterfly or bullhorn steering wheel when you have driven several thousand of your first kilometers.

An important point. do not rush to change the type of handlebars that are installed by default on the bike. You risk ruining the landing. This can only be done under the strict supervision of an experienced cyclist.

And the last thing about bicycle handlebars is the materials they are made from. They are:

  • Aluminum
  • Steel
  • Carbon fiber (carbon fiber)
  • Titanium

Carbon is a lightweight and durable material, but such a handlebar is expensive. Aluminum is the best option in terms of price and quality. Steel-titanium. for an amateur for the corresponding bicycles.

Bicycle steering

A bicycle handlebar is more than just a piece that you can use to control your direction of travel. A bicycle handlebar also helps maintain balance and takes some of the rider’s weight. In addition, the handlebar is a real control center of the bike.

A basket, bike computer, reflectors, signals and many other additional elements can be attached to the handlebars. On sports bicycles, speed switches and brake levers are attached to the handlebars.

The variety of bicycle handlebars today is quite large, the handlebars differ in the materials from which they are made, in shape and size.

What are bike handlebars?