A bicycle is a vehicle on the road

Highlights of the road rules for bicycles

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Is a bicycle defined as a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, that is propelled by the muscular power of the person on it? (SDA clause 1.10). A cyclist, according to the Rules, qualifies as a bicycle driver and a road user, and therefore must know and comply with: the requirements of the Rules relating to them, traffic signals, signs and markings.

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Is a bicycle a vehicle but not a motor vehicle? Therefore, when a cyclist moves, he is subject to traffic rules related only to the vehicle.?

Below, the main points of traffic rules for cyclists are given, however, for a complete knowledge of behavior on the road, it is necessary to study all the points of traffic rules relating to non-motorized vehicles.

If a person does not ride a bicycle, but rolls it, then he is considered a pedestrian, not a cyclist (SDA clause 1.10). In this case, the cyclist is subject to the rights and obligations of pedestrians (traffic rules clause 4) At the same time, the Rules stipulate only one difference between a dismounted cyclist and a pedestrian: when moving on the carriageway, pedestrians must move? Along the edge of the carriageway towards the movement of vehicles ?, but persons driving the bike must follow? Along the edge of the carriageway in one row? (SDA p. 4.1-4.2).

A person who is at least 14 years old is allowed to ride a bike while moving on the road (traffic rules clause 6.1).

The bike must have serviceable brakes, steering wheel and sound signal, be equipped with reflectors:

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  • ahead? a retroreflector and a lantern or headlamp (for driving in the dark and in conditions of insufficient visibility) of white color;
  • on both sides ? an orange reflector;
  • behind? retroreflector or red lantern (“Requirements for drivers of mopeds and bicycles”, p. 6).

Bicycles should only move along the extreme right lane of the carriageway, as far as possible to the right, in one row (SDA clause 11.14). Driving on the side of the road is allowed if it does not interfere with pedestrians.

If there are cycle paths, cyclists must move along them. If the cycle path crosses the road outside the intersection, cyclists are obliged to give way to other vehicles that move along the road (SDA clause 6.6).

The movement of bicycles (as well as any other vehicles) on sidewalks and footpaths is prohibited (SDA clause 11.3), but in practice, cyclists on the sidewalk are treated quite leniently.

Columns of cyclists when moving along the carriageway must be divided into groups (up to 10 cyclists in a group) with a movement distance between groups of 80-100 m (traffic rules clause 6.4). Cyclists, moving in groups, must ride one after the other so as not to interfere with other road users.

While driving on the carriageway, before starting, stopping, rearranging, turning or turning, cyclists are required to give warning signals, namely:

  • turn or rearrangement to the right: outstretched right arm, or outstretched and bent at the elbow with the left.
  • turn or change lane to the left: outstretched left arm, or outstretched and bent at the elbow right.
  • stop: raised hand (any).

However, it is not recommended to use alternative methods (where the arm is bent). drivers may not understand.

It is also recommended to give a left turn signal when bending around a motor vehicle (s) parked at the right edge of the lane.

When riding in a group, another sign is used, not intended for motorists, but for cyclists riding behind.

  • pits on the right: lowered right hand.
  • pits on the left: left hand lowered down.

It is necessary to give a signal with a hand in advance and stop immediately before the start of the maneuver (SDA clause 9.4). When riding in a group, the leader gives the signs first, the members of the group repeat them immediately.

  • ride without holding the steering wheel, take your feet off the pedals (steps);
  • while driving, hold on to another vehicle;
  • carry passengers, except for a child under the age of 7, on an additional seat equipped with secure fixed footrests;
  • to carry cargo that protrudes more than 0.4 m in length or width beyond the dimensions, interferes with driving a vehicle and creates obstacles to other road users;
  • move along sidewalks and footpaths (except for children under 7 years old on children’s bicycles under the supervision of adults);
  • turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tramway traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in a given direction. Consequently, to make a left turn, you need to: a) drive straight through the intersection, turn around in the right lane of the road to be crossed, and, at a permitting traffic light, go straight through the intersection again; or b) get off the bike and cross the road at a pedestrian crossing;
  • move on highways;
  • move on roads for cars, as well as on the carriageway, if there is a cycle path nearby;
  • drive on the road in the dark (and / or in conditions of insufficient visibility) without the headlights and reflectors turned on;
  • towing bicycles, as well as bicycles, except for towing a trailer intended for use with a bicycle.

Additional requirements

For cyclists, local executive authorities may establish a card in which information about the driver is entered and which in this case bicycle drivers must have with them.

At intersections, the usual priority rules apply. So, a car moving along a secondary road must give way to a bicycle moving along the main road (traffic rules clause 10, clause 16). At an unregulated intersection of equivalent roads, a roadless vehicle that has no obstacle on the right has an advantage, that is, at such an intersection, a car approaching from the left must give way to a cyclist.

But at an unregulated intersection of a cycle path with a road located outside the intersection, bicycle drivers must give way to all vehicles moving along this road (SDA clause 6).

At regulated intersections, cyclists must obey the signals of special bicycle traffic lights, and if they are not there? signals of conventional traffic lights (not pedestrian).

A car turning right must allow a cyclist moving next to him on the same road straight ahead.

When turning, it should also be borne in mind that the turn must be carried out in such a way that when leaving the intersection of carriageways, the vehicle does not end up on the side of oncoming traffic. When turning right, the vehicle should move as close as possible to the right edge of the carriageway.

Passage of pedestrian crossings

At regulated pedestrian crossings, cyclists must obey the signals of bicycle or public transport traffic lights, as well as traffic regulators.

At unregulated pedestrian crossings, cyclists, like all other drivers, must give way to pedestrians (traffic rules p. 18). You should also give way to pedestrians walking to or from a tram stopped at a stop (from the side of the door), if the tram tracks go along the carriageway.

Cyclists are not allowed to cross the road at a pedestrian crossing, nor are they allowed to turn around at a pedestrian crossing; in this case, you need to get off the bike and cross the road as a pedestrian.

Traffic rules for cyclists

The cyclist must know and follow the requirements of the rules relating to him, so I recommend that all cycling enthusiasts study this article. In addition, even if you do not have a bicycle, you also need to study the traffic rules for cyclists, so that in the event of an accident involving a bicycle driver, you can immediately determine the violation of the rules and clearly indicate this to the traffic police officer.

It would seem that the answer to the question “what is a bicycle?” even a small child knows, but we are interested in the formulation of the concept of a bicycle from paragraph 1.2. traffic rules:

“Bicycle”. a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has two or more wheels and is propelled by the muscular power of the people on it.

At this point, we are interested in the phrase “vehicle“, tk. it is she who emphasizes that all points of the road traffic rules relating to vehicles apply to bicycles.

How to load a bicycle in your car

The second concept that should be considered within the framework of this article is a pedestrian:

“Pedestrian”. a person who is outside the vehicle on the road and does not work on it. Persons moving in wheelchairs without an engine, driving a bicycle, moped, or motorcycle are equated to pedestrians. pulling sleds, trolleys, baby or wheelchairs.

Please note that the bike driver is not a pedestrian. However, the person driving the bicycle is a pedestrian. Bicycle owners have an interesting opportunity to become a pedestrian if necessary. You should not forget about her.

Traffic regulations for bicycles

A quick look at the rules of the road may seem that traffic rules for cyclists are concentrated exclusively in the 24th section of the rules “24. Additional requirements for the movement of bicycles, mopeds, horse-drawn carts, as well as for driving animals. ” However, in reality, everything is completely different.

In the rules of the road, there are several types of road users to which a specific paragraph of the rules may apply. Most often it is a motor vehicle. vehicle and driver. A bicycle is not a power-driven vehicle, but all points related to drivers and vehicles apply to cyclists.

Attention! The pedestrian clauses in the rules do not apply to bicycle riders. They only apply to riders.

Most of the traffic rules apply to cyclists, including a special section 24. I will not analyze and explain absolutely all traffic rules for cyclists in this article. The interested reader can do this on his own. I will focus only on those points of the rules that are most often violated by bicycle drivers.

Technical condition of the bike

2.3. The driver of the vehicle is obliged:

2.3.1. Before leaving, check and, on the way, ensure the good technical condition of the vehicle in accordance with the Basic Provisions for the Admission of Vehicles to Operation and the duties of officials to ensure road safety (hereinafter. the Basic Provisions).

It is prohibited to drive in the event of a malfunction of the working brake system, steering, coupling device (as part of a road train), unlit (missing) headlights and rear parking lights at night or in conditions of insufficient visibility, a wiper that does not work on the driver’s side during rain or snow.

So, the rules of the road prohibit the movement of a bicycle that has malfunctions in the service braking system or steering. Accordingly, those who like to reduce the weight of the bike by removing the brakes, etc. are violators of traffic rules. The punishments for them are provided for by the Code of Administrative Offenses and will be discussed at the end of this article.

8.1. Before starting a movement, changing lanes, turning (turning) and stopping, the driver is obliged to give signals with direction indicators of the appropriate direction, and if they are absent or faulty. with his hand. When performing the maneuver, there must be no danger to traffic, as well as interference with other road users.

The signal of the left turn (turn) corresponds to the left arm extended to the side or the right arm extended to the side and bent at the elbow at a right angle upward. The signal of the right turn corresponds to the right arm extended to the side or the left arm extended to the side and bent at the elbow at a right angle upward. The braking signal is given by the raised left or right hand.

The bicycle rider must give turn signals before driving, changing lanes, turning and stopping. Since bicycles are not equipped with direction indicators, signals must be given by hand. Accordingly, the left hand extended to the side corresponds to the left turn signal, and the right hand extended to the right turn signal.

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Turn signals must be given well in advance of the turn. You can return your hand to the steering wheel just before turning.

Where can you go by bike?

9.5. Vehicles, the speed of which must not exceed 40 km / h, or which, for technical reasons, cannot reach such a speed, must move in the extreme right lane, except when bypassing, overtaking or changing lanes before turning left, making a U-turn or stopping in permitted cases on the left side roads.

9.9. The movement of vehicles on dividing lanes and shoulders, sidewalks and footpaths is prohibited (except for the cases stipulated in paragraphs 12.1, 24.2 of the Rules).

24.2. Bicycles, mopeds, horse-drawn carts (sledges), riding and pack animals should move only in one row as far to the right as possible. Driving on the side of the road is allowed if it does not interfere with pedestrians.

Most often, for technical reasons, bicycles cannot reach a speed of 40 km / h, so they must move along the right-hand lane of the carriageway in one row as far to the right as possible.

In addition, bicycles can move along the side of the road. However, bicycles are prohibited on the sidewalks. If you want to move on the sidewalk, then you need to get off the bike and thereby equate yourself with a pedestrian.

Bicycle riders must let pedestrians pass

14.1. The driver of a vehicle approaching an unregulated pedestrian crossing (the concepts of a regulated and unregulated pedestrian crossing are similar to the concepts of a regulated and unregulated intersection, established in paragraph 13.3. Of the Rules), must slow down or stop before the crossing in order to let pedestrians crossing the carriageway or entering it to make the transition.

A bicycle is just like any other vehicle. must slow down or stop before crossing to let pedestrians pass.

Bicycle lights

In the dark, the headlights or lanterns should be on on the bike, and in the daytime, the dipped headlights or daytime running lights:

19.1. At night and in conditions of insufficient visibility, regardless of the lighting of the road, as well as in tunnels, the following lighting devices must be switched on on a moving vehicle:

on all motor vehicles and mopeds. high or low beam headlights, on bicycles. headlights or lanterns, on horse-drawn carts. lanterns (if any);

19.5. During daylight hours on all moving vehicles for the purpose of their identification, dipped headlights or daytime running lights must be switched on.

Age to ride a bike 24.1. Driving a bicycle, horse-drawn carriage (sleds), being a driver of pack animals, riding animals or a herd while driving on the road is allowed to persons not younger than 14 years old, and a moped. not younger than 16 years old.

Clause 24.1 permits persons at least 14 years of age to drive a bicycle while driving on the road. As for off-road driving, persons of any age can participate in it. Let me remind you that sidewalks and shoulders are roads, so people under 14 cannot move along them.

Bans for bike riders

24.3. Bicycle and moped drivers are prohibited from:

  • drive without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand;
  • carry passengers other than a child under the age of 7 on an additional seat equipped
  • reliable footrests;
  • to carry cargo that protrudes more than 0.5 m in length or width beyond the dimensions, or cargo that interferes with management;
  • move along the road if there is a cycle path nearby;
  • turn left or make a U-turn on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in a given direction;
  • drive on the road without a buttoned motorcycle helmet (for moped drivers).

It is prohibited to tow bicycles and mopeds, as well as bicycles and mopeds, except for towing a trailer intended for use with a bicycle or moped.

From this list, the following points should be noted:

Bicycle riders are prohibited from turning left and turning on roads with more than one lane in a given direction. Those. turning left in the city is forbidden for cyclists almost everywhere.

The following solution can be suggested. The bicycle rider leaves his vehicle and becomes a pedestrian. Then he crosses the intersection in the required direction. After that, he gets back on the bike and continues to move on the road / shoulder.

Towing by bicycles and mopeds, as well as bicycles and mopeds is prohibited. I have repeatedly witnessed a violation of this paragraph of the rules.

I don’t think it’s worth reminding that in the event of an accident involving a car, a bicycle helmet can save your life. Common rule violations by bicycle drivers

The most common violations of the rules by bicycle drivers are oncoming traffic and cycling on a pedestrian crossing. Perhaps the drivers of such vehicles simply do not know that they have become drivers, and in their hearts continue to remain pedestrians.

Both of these maneuvers are extremely dangerous, but this is especially true when a cyclist crosses the road at a pedestrian crossing. Very often in such situations, children die, and car drivers are not to blame (they should only let pedestrians pass, which cyclists do not belong to).

In addition, given the fact that a bicycle can reach speeds of up to 30 km / h without any problems, cyclists appear on the roadway very quickly and unexpectedly. When driving in the warm season, it is necessary to closely monitor the movement of cyclists on the road and adjacent territories.

Fines for violation of traffic rules by bicycle drivers

To begin with, I would like to note that, unlike the current traffic rules, in Chapter 12 of the Code of Administrative Offenses, a bicycle is not considered as a vehicle. This is evidenced by Note 1 to Article 12.1:

A vehicle in this article should be understood as a motor vehicle with an engine displacement of more than 50 cubic centimeters and a maximum design speed of more than 50 kilometers per hour, as well as trailers to it, subject to state registration, and in other articles of this chapter also tractors, other self-propelled road vehicles construction and other machines, trams, trolleybuses.

According to this note, cyclists cannot be subject to the provisions of the articles of Chapter 12 relating to vehicles.

Nevertheless, a special article of the Code of Administrative Offenses is intended for cyclists, which provides for fines for violating the rules:

Article 12.29. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other person participating in the process of traffic

Violation of the Road Traffic Rules by a person driving a moped, bicycle, or a driver or other person directly involved in the road traffic process (with the exception of the persons specified in part 1 of this article, as well as the driver of a power-driven vehicle). shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of eight hundred rubles.

Violation of the traffic rules by persons specified in part 2 of this article, committed in a state of intoxication. shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.

Thus, almost any violation of traffic rules committed by a cyclist should be punished with a fine of 800 rubles. The only exception is a violation committed while intoxicated. It is punishable by a fine in the amount of 1,000. 1,500 rubles.

However, there is another article in the Code of Administrative Offenses, which also applies to cyclists:

Article 12.30. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other road user, resulting in interference with the movement of vehicles or causing minor or moderate harm to the health of the victim

Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or other road user (except for a driver of a vehicle), which caused interference in the movement of vehicles. shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand rubles.

Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or other road user (except for the driver of a vehicle), which, through negligence, has caused minor or moderate harm to the health of the victim. shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.

According to article 12.30, if a cyclist interferes with the movement of vehicles, he will receive a fine of 1,000 rubles (instead of 800, discussed above).

Well, the most severe punishment for a cyclist is a fine of 1,000. 1,500 rubles, which can be imposed in the event of minor or moderate harm to the health of another road user. To get this fine, you need to try hard (at very high speed, do not share the road with a pedestrian).

So the fines for bicycle drivers currently cannot be compared with the fines for car drivers (30,000 rubles for driving while intoxicated). In addition, the advantage of cyclists on the road lies in the fact that they are rarely fined for violating traffic rules. And this, in turn, leads to the fact that most cyclists behave unpredictably on the road, provoking the occurrence of dangerous situations.

This concludes the consideration of the features of traffic rules for cyclists. I remind you once again that every cyclist needs to read the full version of the traffic rules at least once.

What is a bike?

It would seem that the answer to the question “what is a bicycle?” even a small child knows, but we are interested in the wording of the concept of a bicycle from paragraph 1.2 of the traffic rules:

“Bicycle”. a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is generally propelled by the muscular energy of the persons on the vehicle, in particular by pedals or handles, and may also have an electric motor with a rated maximum power in continuous duty not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically disconnected at a speed of more than 25 km / h.

At this point, we are primarily interested in the phrase “vehicle”, tk. it is she who emphasizes that all points of the road traffic rules relating to vehicles also apply to bicycles.

I would also like to draw your attention to the fact that in 2021 bicycles may have a low power electric motor (up to 0.25 kW), which automatically shuts off at a speed of 25 km / h.

bicycle, vehicle, road

The second concept that should be considered within the framework of this article. a pedestrian:

“A pedestrian”. a person who is outside the vehicle on the road or on a pedestrian or bicycle path and does not work for them. Persons moving in wheelchairs, driving a bicycle, moped, motorcycle, carrying a sled, trolley, baby or wheelchair, as well as using roller skates, scooters and other similar means for movement are equated with pedestrians.

Please note that the bike driver is not a pedestrian while driving. However, the person riding the bicycle is a pedestrian.

In this regard, bicycle owners have a rather interesting opportunity. If desired, any cyclist can easily become a pedestrian and vice versa.

So, if necessary, the cyclist can get off the bike and follow the points of the rules intended for pedestrians (for example, cross the road on an unregulated pedestrian crossing).

Dedicated lanes for public transport

In addition, in 2021, cyclists can move in dedicated lanes for public transport. Clause 18.2 of the Rules:

18.2. On roads with a lane for route vehicles, marked with signs 5.11.1, 5.13.1, 5.13.2 and, 5.14, the movement and stopping of other vehicles on this lane are prohibited, except for :. On lanes for route vehicles cyclists are allowed if such a strip is located on the right.

Please note that a cyclist can only enter a public transport lane if this lane is marked with one of the above signs. In addition, there should be no additional conditions prohibiting entry to the specified lane.

For example, in some Russian cities the movement is organized as follows. In fact, the road has a dedicated lane for route vehicles and all road users understand this. However, from the point of view of traffic rules, the lane is not indicated by the signs listed above. Just at the entrance a sign 3.1 “brick” is installed on it.

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The requirements of this sign can only be ignored by drivers of public transport. The rest of the vehicles, including cyclists, cannot pass under the “brick”.

Traffic rules for cyclists in 2021

As soon as the weather is warm enough over the central part of Russia, the number of two-wheeled vehicles increases significantly. Hundreds of bicycle and moped riders appear on city streets and merge into heavy traffic.

According to my observations, at least 80 percent of drivers of two-wheeled vehicles who do not require a driver’s license have absolutely no idea about the rules of the road and leave the road completely unprepared.

Traffic rules for moped and scooter drivers were discussed in one of the previous articles on pddmaster.ru. Well, today it’s time to take a detailed look at traffic rules for cyclists.

Naturally, the cyclist must know and follow the requirements of the rules relating to him, so I recommend that all cycling enthusiasts study this article. In addition, even if you do not have a bicycle, you also need to study the rules of a cyclist on the road, so that in the event of an accident involving a bicycle driver, you can immediately identify the violation of the rules and clearly indicate this to the traffic police officer.

Bans for bike riders

24.8. Cyclists and moped drivers are prohibited from:

  • operate a bicycle or moped without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand;
  • to carry cargo that protrudes more than 0.5 m in length or width beyond the dimensions, or cargo that interferes with management;
  • carry passengers, if this is not provided for by the design of the vehicle;
  • to transport children under 7 years old in the absence of specially equipped places for them;
  • turn left or turn around on roads with tram traffic and on roads with more than one lane for movement in this direction (except for cases when it is allowed to turn left from the right lane, and with the exception of roads located in bicycle zones);
  • move on the road without a buttoned motorcycle helmet (for moped drivers);
  • cross the road at pedestrian crossings.

24.9. It is prohibited to tow bicycles and mopeds, as well as towing by bicycles and mopeds, except for towing a trailer intended for use with a bicycle or moped.

From this list, the following points should be noted:

Bicycle riders are prohibited from turning left and turning on roads with more than one lane in a given direction. Those. turning left in the city is prohibited for a cyclist on almost all major streets.

Note. This requirement does not apply to bicycle zones, as well as to roads where turning to the left is allowed from the extreme right lane.

In practice, the following way out of this situation can be proposed. The bicycle rider leaves his vehicle and becomes a pedestrian. Then he crosses the intersection in the required direction along the pedestrian crossing. After that, he gets back on the bike and continues to move along the carriageway or shoulder.

Towing by bicycles and mopeds, as well as bicycles and mopeds is prohibited.

I don’t think it’s worth reminding that in the event of an accident involving a car, a bicycle helmet can save your life. So do not skimp on your own health.

Dedicated cyclist lanes

In 2021, there are designated lanes for cyclists on the roads, marked with special signs:

Only bicycles and mopeds are allowed on these lanes.

020 amended Bicycle Traffic Rules

According to the new additional requirements, cyclists aged 14 and over are now required to use cycle paths, cycle paths or cyclists’ lane. In the absence of the above paths or the impossibility of moving along them, it is allowed to drive along the right edge of the carriageway, it is also necessary to move along the straight lane if the dimensions of a bicycle, trailer or transported cargo exceed 1 meter in width.

On the sidewalk or footpath, you have the right to move only if it is impossible to travel along all the paths described above and if you accompany a cyclist under the age of 14 or transport a child under 7 in an additional seat, in a bicycle wheelchair or in a trailer to a bicycle.

Also, all cyclists under the age of 14 are required to move only on sidewalks, pedestrian and bicycle paths (on the pedestrian side for cyclists under the age of 7), as well as within pedestrian zones.

If you nevertheless left the carriageway due to the impossibility of moving along other paths, then you must move in a column in one row, movement in two rows is permissible only if the overall width of the bicycle does not exceed 0.75 meters. The column should consist of a group of not more than 10 bicycles in single-row and double-row traffic, the distance between the groups to facilitate overtaking should be 80-100 meters.

If the movement of the cyclist on all possible paths endangers him or interferes with the movement of other persons, then he must dismount and be guided by the Rules for the movement of pedestrians. Cyclists are prohibited from driving a bicycle without holding the steering wheel with at least one hand, carrying passengers if this is not provided for by the design of the vehicle, and transporting children under 7 years of age in the absence of specially equipped places for them. It is also prohibited to turn left or turn around on roads with tram traffic and on roads that have more than one lane for movement in this direction (except for cases when it is allowed to turn left from the right lane, and with the exception of roads located in bicycle zones) and cross the road on pedestrian crossings. It is forbidden to tow bicycles and the bicycles themselves, with the exception of trailers intended for use with a bicycle. When driving at night or in poor visibility, it is recommended to use reflective elements and ensure their visibility to other road users. When driving on public roads, cyclists must comply with the traffic rules. Below are the rules for Russia, which differ little from the rules in force in European countries.

A bicycle is defined as “a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, which has two or more wheels and is propelled by the muscular power of the people on it.”.

A bicycle is a vehicle, but it is not a “power-driven vehicle”. Therefore, if the SDA says “vehicle”, then this also applies to bicycles, and if it says “power-driven vehicle”, then this does not apply to bicycles.

If a person does not ride a bicycle, but rolls it, then he is considered a pedestrian, not a cyclist.

A person must be at least 14 years old to ride a bicycle while traveling on the road.

The bike must have a working brake, steering wheel and sound signal, be equipped in front with a reflector and a lamp or headlamp (for driving in the dark and in conditions of insufficient visibility) in white, at the back. with a reflector or red lamp, and on each side. with a reflector orange or red.

Bicycles must move along the cycle path, and in the absence of one, along the rightmost lane of the carriageway in one row as far to the right as possible. Driving on the side of the road is allowed if it does not interfere with pedestrians. The movement of bicycles (like any other vehicle) on the sidewalks is prohibited, but in practice cyclists on the sidewalk are rather lenient.

Columns of cyclists when moving on the carriageway must be divided into groups of 10 cyclists. To facilitate overtaking, the distance between groups should be 80-100 m.

Before turning, you should signal your intention as follows: stretch out a straight arm corresponding to the direction of rotation in the direction of the turn or stretch out the arm opposite to the direction of rotation bent at the elbow vertically upwards to the side opposite to the direction of rotation. The intention to stop should be signaled by raising either hand vertically. When driving in a group, there are also special signs.

Federal Law No. 210-FZ of July 24, 2007 amended Article 12.29 of this Code, which shall enter into force on January 1, 2008.

Article 12.29. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other person participating in the process of traffic

Violation of the Road Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian or a passenger of a vehicle. shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one hundred rubles.

Violation of the Road Traffic Rules by a person driving a moped, bicycle, or a driver or other person directly involved in the road traffic process (with the exception of the persons specified in part 1 of this article, as well as the driver of a power-driven vehicle). shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one hundred rubles.

Violation of the traffic rules by persons specified in part 2 of this article, committed in a state of intoxication. shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of three hundred to five hundred rubles.

Federal Law No. 210-FZ of July 24, 2007 amended Article 12.30 of this Code

Article 12.30. Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian or other road user, resulting in interference with the movement of vehicles or causing minor or moderate harm to the health of the victim

Violation of the Traffic Rules by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or other road user (except for a driver of a vehicle), which caused interference in the movement of vehicles. shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of three hundred rubles.

Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, a passenger of a vehicle or other road user (except for the driver of a vehicle), which, through negligence, has caused minor or moderate harm to the health of the victim. shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred rubles.

Is the bicycle a vehicle and what type it belongs to??

When we talk about transport, we represent the image of a car, trolleybus, bus or some other vehicle, but the bicycle, as a rule, is not taken seriously by us. Quite often on the roads you can see cyclists hugging the curbs for their safety. The article will discuss whether a bicycle is considered a means of transport, and if so, what type it belongs to.

Vehicle definition

According to the definition of the traffic rules, transport includes devices for transporting people, as well as cargo and equipment installed in transport. This is stated in paragraph 1.2 of the code of the road. That is, the main function of a vehicle is transportation. The classification implies several types:

  • rail;
  • wheeled;
  • crawler.

According to the rules of the road, a bicycle is also a mechanical wheeled vehicle that is set in motion by the force of the muscles of a person sitting on it, or by means of an electric motor, which has a maximum power during prolonged movement of no more than 0.25 kW and turns off at a speed of more than 25 km. / h.

A cyclist is considered a bicycle driver, he is obliged to comply with the rules of the road and be responsible for non-compliance with them and for traffic safety. This is especially true for those cyclists who ride on the highway.

Having entered the carriageway, the cyclist becomes a full participant in the road traffic just like the driver of cars or public transport. However, not all bicycle riders are conscious people, despite the fact that they are already quite adults. Only persons over the age of 14 are allowed to use the motorway. Very often cyclists and older ones behave on the road like pedestrians.

It should always be remembered that when dismounting from a bicycle, a person obeys the general rules for pedestrians, and while riding a bicycle. the rules for car drivers.

Duties of the cyclist

The cyclist is obliged to equip his bike with headlights. The front is attached white, the back is red, like a car. Equip the wheels at the rear, front and sides with reflectors so that in the dark other drivers understand who is driving in front. Also, the bike must have a handlebar, braking system and sound signal in perfect condition. To transport passengers, there must be a special seat attached to the trunk or frame. This applies to the transportation of preschool children.

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A cyclist is obliged to move along the motorway along the extreme right lane if there is no cycle path on this section. If it is, then it is allowed to move only along it. On the highway, the cyclist moves in the same direction of travel as other vehicles, and not in the opposite direction.

Bicycle columns must move in one row, the maximum number is 10 people. If the group of athletes is larger, it is necessary to divide into 2, 3 or more columns depending on the number of cyclists. The distance between the columns must be at least 80 meters for sufficient space for vehicles to maneuver.

The bicycle does not have turn signals, but nevertheless, the person driving this transport is obliged to give signals that indicate his intentions. If he wants to make a turn to the left, then he shows it with the help of his left hand extended in that direction, if to the right, then his right. When the cyclist wants to stop, he must extend one arm high up.

bicycle, vehicle, road

Cyclists are allowed to move on the sidewalks only if a preschool passenger or those accompanying the convoy of schoolchildren are being transported. If the cyclist interferes with the movement of pedestrians, then he must continue his journey, dismounted to the ground like a pedestrian. He will be able to sit behind the wheel of a bicycle again on freer sections of the path.

It is obliged to move, following the instructions of road signs specially provided for cyclists, as well as follow the instructions of road signs that are provided for any road user. On unregulated pedestrian crossings, the cyclist lets pedestrians in the same way as if he was driving a car.

To cross an intersection, a cyclist must make a reference point to a special signal of a “bicycle” traffic light. If there is none, then there is a reference point for a general.

Prohibitions and offenses

Along with the obligations, there are also prohibitions that are provided for in paragraph 24.8 of the SDA. It lists what is strictly prohibited for a cyclist.

  • Let go of the handlebars when driving anywhere. This applies to motorways, sidewalks and special bike paths.
  • Transportation of cargo that does not correspond in size to the permissible standards. The load should not protrude more than half a meter to either side.
  • Carriage of passengers on a bicycle that does not have special equipment.
  • Cycling along the pedestrian crossing. It is necessary to dismount.
  • Move without a special helmet or with the locks unbuttoned.
  • Make a U-turn or turn to the left on tram lines and on a road where several lanes are indicated.
  • It is forbidden to tow anything other than trailers.
  • Driving while intoxicated with alcohol or drugs.
  • Driving after taking intoxicating or strong medications.
  • Drive on the motorway if there is a cycle path nearby.
  • Drive on the side of the road or along median lanes.
  • Transfer the driving of a bicycle to another person who has ridden a long distance without rest, who is drunk, under narcotic intoxication or who takes strong medications.
  • Communicate on the phone without a headset while driving.

Traffic fines

Since the person driving the bicycle is the driver of the vehicle, especially if he is driving on the road, then fines and penalties are imposed if the rules and laws are violated. The Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (Code of Administrative Offenses) says what exactly the fine is charged for.

  • any offense by a cyclist is fined 800 rubles;
  • if the rule is violated in a state of drug or alcohol intoxication, then the fine is already from 900 to 1600 rubles;
  • when interfering with the movement of vehicles, a fine is charged in the amount of 800 rubles;
  • in case of harm to human health. a fine from 900 to 2000 rubles, depending on the severity of the damage caused.

Who is a cyclist

If the owner of the bicycle does not ride it, but leads it nearby, he is a pedestrian. In this case, completely different requirements are imposed on him, which do not apply to drivers. The owner of the bicycle who drives it is not allowed to go out on the public road. You can only move along the paths that are intended for pedestrians.

Who needs to make way

If the cyclist rides in pedestrian areas, he has no advantage. Therefore, if he interferes with other pedestrians, he will need to walk and keep his bike nearby. Also, cyclists have no advantages over motorists, since it does not apply to passenger or special transport. Therefore, there is an advantage only on tracks that are designed specifically for bicycles. In a situation where there are no cycle paths, a cyclist, if he is under 14 years old, has the right to move on the sidewalk. The same applies to bicycle riders transporting children under 7 years of age.

Who is a cyclist. a driver or a pedestrian

If we take into account the traffic rules, there a cyclist is a “bicycle driver”. Whether you are a mountain bike or an adult scooter owner, you have to follow the rules. This category also includes those who drive scooters and balance bikes. It is very important that children realize that they are as much road users as motorists and motorcyclists. Cyclists can travel on the roads after reaching the age of 14.

A bicycle is a full-fledged transport, which is controlled by the muscular system of the driver, which acts on it. For this reason, it should be borne in mind that if you hear the combination “vehicle”, then it even applies to a skateboard. over, the new rules allow the installation of electric motors on bicycles, which have a small power, not exceeding 0.25 kW.

Alerts

If you are a fan of cycling, you should know the special signs that will notify other road users about your actions. They must be used, especially when performing maneuvers. Unfortunately, quite a few of the drivers and cyclists have knowledge of these very signs. But the hand that will be extended to the side in the direction of the turn that is planned can be understood by everyone. In addition, you will need to notify other drivers when moving to another lane or before stopping. It is not difficult at all from a technical point of view. If you are not confident in your abilities, you can initially practice.

Is the bike a vehicle?

The number of bicycles on the road is increasing every year, as this is an absolutely environmentally friendly and least expensive way of transportation. This is especially true in hours of traffic jams, which are not at all scary for cyclists. So who is the cyclist? Many people have been interested in such questions more than once. Most often they were asked in conflict situations. Therefore, you should first decide who the cyclists are, if we consider it from the legislative side. Unfortunately, few people are familiar with the current rules of conduct on the roads, which are written not only for road transport, but also for other road users.

Traffic rules for cyclists

The traffic rules clearly state that cyclists need to independently monitor the technical condition of their vehicles. If there is a breakdown in the steering system, a malfunction of the brakes or worn out tires, it is strictly forbidden to enter the road, as this can cause an accident. If you want not to worry about the technical condition of your bike for a long time, you should give preference to reliable mountain bikes.

The bike must be equipped with special reflectors and reflectors, which will be needed in the dark. The call must also be available. In addition, there are many requirements for bicycle riders that are similar to those that should be adhered to by motorists. Among them is the rule, which says about the strictest prohibition to go on the road in the presence of alcoholic intoxication.

Man or machine?

In fact, not everything looks so simple. Until the end, without realizing that he is a participant in the process, the cyclist often behaves like a pedestrian on the track.

Attention! You should be aware that when dismounting, the cyclist obeys the general rules regarding pedestrians, and while continuing to move on the bike, follow the instructions for car drivers.

There is another important clarification. Traffic rules divide participants involved in road traffic into three types:

  • vehicle;
  • power-driven vehicle;
  • driver.

The bicycle does not have an engine, and, therefore, it does not belong to mechanical means of transportation, but one should not hope that the law is not written to it. Cyclists are affected by the paragraphs of the code, which deal with vehicles or drivers.

Are bicycles a vehicle

To answer the question of whether a bicycle is a means of transport, as they say, one does not need to reinvent the wheel. There is a set of rules of the road, where the answer is quite clearly formulated. Clause 1.2 states that a bicycle is a vehicle equipped with at least two wheels and moving with the participation of muscular force. Leaving the carriageway, the cyclist becomes the same full-fledged participant in the road traffic, like the driver of the vehicle.

Prohibitions

Clause 24.8 states that cyclists are strictly prohibited from:

  • ride, letting go of the wheel of the bike;
  • to carry cargo that interferes with the control of the bike, protruding by half a meter in any direction;
  • carry passengers on bicycles that do not have special equipment;
  • drive across the road on a zebra crossing;
  • move with or without an unbuttoned motorcycle helmet;
  • turn left or make a U-turn where there are tram line mowing lines, and on roads with several lanes for driving in the chosen direction;
  • take anything in tow except trailers;
  • be drunk behind the wheel.

Can the traffic police issue a fine to a cyclist?

Yes. The Code of Administrative Offenses does not give such authority, since, unlike the rules governing road traffic, it does not consider a bicycle to be a full-fledged vehicle. But in the Code of Administrative Offenses there are articles that still provide for ways of influencing reckless cyclists:

  • violation of any rule by a cyclist is punishable by the recovery of funds in the amount of eight hundred rubles;
  • violation of any rule while drunk. with a fine from 1 to 1.5 thousand rubles;
  • interference with moving vehicles. a fine of 1 thousand rubles;
  • causing harm to human health. a monetary penalty from 1 to 1.5 thousand rubles.

Movement

Cyclists are required to ride on bike paths. If there is no lane, the cyclist’s zone is the right-hand lane of the carriageway. Direction. in the direction of traffic, and not in the opposite direction. Bicycle columns move in one row, ten people at a time, keeping as much as possible to the right. For the convenience of detouring, it is advisable to maintain a distance of at least 80 meters between the columns. Only persons transporting preschoolers or accompanying schoolchildren may move on the sidewalk. In addition, in the event of interference with pedestrians, the cyclist must dismount and continue to move on a freer section.

The bike is not equipped with turn signals, but the cyclist still has the opportunity to signal his intentions. Cyclists are required to signal that they are about to turn with their arm extended in the direction of the turn: the right hand should be extended to the side if you are steering to the right, the left if you are turning to the left. Raise your arm high above your head before the planned stop.